« VorigeDoorgaan »
introduced, and the appearance of some in England, by the name of “the Dutch great convulsion of nature is imitated. style ;" square flower-beds ; raised terTrees are bent from their natural form, races, in straight lines ; arbors of trellisand made to look as if scathed by light- work at regular distances, covered with ning, or blasted by the tempest. Some vine and other creeping plants; ponds for are seen torn and shivered ; others are ly. water-fowl and for fish, form the repreing across the torrents, as if rent from their sentations of this ancient people. The places by the rush of the waters ; the value set upon the lotus-plant is perruins of castles and villages, as if destroy- ceived at once: it is seen everywhere. ed by lightning and the storm, are in- The Egyptian ladies almost invariably terspersed throughout the scene; while held the blossom of the lotus in their hand, wretched homes here and there intimate and it was the decoration for their hair ; the misery to which the inhabitants of this the necklaces, too, which they wore at region of desolation are reduced. You their bánquets, were formed of its petals. emerge suddenly from this gloom and de- The plants in which the gardens of Egypt vastation into the Scene of Delight, which abounded, are particularly alluded to in the is diversified by wood and water, and em “ Song of Solomon.' bellished with a profusion of flowering The gardens of Switzerland appear to shrubs and flowers of every hue. Vistas have been laid out without any attempt at of cascades are seen through the openings imitation ; they exhibited none of the fanin the woods, with sheets of water, where tastic ornaments which were so profusely vessels are gliding along ; bridges and introduced into the gardens of other counbuildings lie scattered in the distance. To tries. Hirschfield tells that "they are surprise seems the great aim of this style theaters of true beauty, without vain ornaof gardening. Sometimes, gradually led ments or artificial decoration.” There is on from this delightful landscape to a wild, an unspeakable charm in simplicity, which rugged path, the explorer is involved in makes it a component part in all that is dark caverns; and again he finds himself sublime and lovely. The natural advanin the midst of luxuriance and beauty. tages of these gardens would, indeed, ren-. All appears like enchantment. The scene der embellishment, beyond the culture of derives its great interest from an air of plants, quite out of place. Their romantic supernatural mystery ; strange sounds are and picturesque situations, the undulations heard to issue from the ground, (contrived of the ground, the rocks, the verdure for by making streams pass beneath it ;) open- which some are remarkable, the noble ings are left in the rocks and buildings, views which they command, render them through which the wind rushes like an most delightful pleasure-gardens; and they awful dirge; grotesque-looking trees and are, besides, cultivated with the greatest plants are introduced into this scene, where care and most scrupulous neatness. The a number of strange animals are let loose. first botanic garden was founded at Zurich, The imperial gardens, which are of vast by Gesner, before the middle of the sixextent, are laid out after this fashion, em- teenth century. Though his means obliged bellished with artificial hills, valleys, lakes, him to limit its extent and the number of and canals; palaces, towns, and villages hands he employed, yet his energy was of wood, painted and varnished, (for such such that he had a vast collection of plants are always introduced into pleasure- which he had preserved in his extensive grounds,) bridges, colonnades, resting- travels and procured from his friends. places ; a farm and fields fill up the Most of the cantons can now boast of a design, where the emperor presides once botanic garden. Pisa is distinguished for a year for the encouragement of industry. having opened the first in Europe. The
The fantastic style of gardening which botanic garden of Ghent, established by at one time prevailed throughout Europe, Napoleon in 1797, is the richest and best did not originate there, but has been traced in the Netherlands. Here, too, the festiby those who have carefully examined the vals of Flora are held twice a year by the paintings and the bas-reliefs which repre- agricultural society; they last for three sent the Egyptian gardens, where the days at midsummer, and again at midAowers and fruits so essential for the winter. An honorary medal is the prize Egyptian banquets were cultivated. They awarded to the finest plants exhibited. were laid out in the manner which went,
[The subject will be continued in a future article.] Vol. XI.-40
THE FAITHFUL PASTOR AND THE The plague was introduced into this reDEVOTED WIFE.
mote district through the medium of a box
of clothes sent to a tailor who resided HE little village of Eyam, in Derby there. The person who opened the box,
whence the imprisoned pestilence burst ravages of the great plague in 1665-6, and forth, was its first victim; and the whole as the scene, says Mrs. Hall, to whom we of the family, with the solitary exception are mainly indebted for this sketch, of the of one, shared the same fate. The disease more than Roman fortitude, the Christian spread rapidly, and almost every house devotion and self-sacrifice, of its pastor, was thinned by the contagion. The same the Rev. William Mompesson, who by his roof, in many instances, sheltered at the influence and example confined the plague same time both the dying and the dead. to this one spot, and tended, encouraged, Short indeed was the space between health and lived among his people, until God was and sickness, and immediate the transition pleased to " stay" it.
from the death-bed to the tomb.. Wher
ever symptoms of the plague appeared, so here with his wife and two children. The hopeless was recovery, that the dissolution alarmed villagers communicated the fearof the afflicted patient was watched with ful fact at once to their minister and friend. anxious solicitude, that so much of the After the first shock, he speedily made up disease might be buried, and its fatal in- his mind as to the proper course to pursue ; fluence destroyed. In the churchyard, on he determined to confine the plague, if the neighboring hills, and in the fields possible, to the bounds of his own parish, bordering the village, graves were dug and to remain there with his flock, as a ready to receive the expiring sufferers, true pastor should, and thus literally beand the earth with an unhallowed haste come “the priest, the physician, and the was closed upon them, even while the legislator of a community of sufferers." limbs were yet warm. A clear idea of the He was at this time a young man, his wife ravages made here by this awful scourge was in her twenty-seventh year, and for may be gathered from the fact, that out of her safety and for that of his two children a population of three hundred and thirty he was deeply anxious; he therefore at persons who then inhabited Eyam, two once imparted the melancholy news to her, hundred and fifty-nine fell victims to death. explained the determined nature of his own
When the pestilence first appeared, the self-sacrifice, and urged her immediate clergyman, Mr. Mompesson, was residing Aight with the children while life and
health remained. But he addressed a ranged that food should be left at stated spirit as bold as his own, as truly imbued spots around the village, that troughs filled with knowledge of Christian duty, as de- with water should be placed near the termined to act with fortitude and resig- boundary line of communication, to receive nation to death. She sent her children to and purify the purchase money used in the a temporary home of safety, but she re- perilous traffic ; and thus all danger be fused to go herself; he whom she had avoided of spreading contagion. In his sworn to love and cherish she would not | labors he was much assisted by the Earl desert in his hour of need ; the marriage of Devonshire, who was at the time residvow of consolatory companionship, “tilling at Chatsworth, where he also remained, death doth part,” she would keep to the undeterred by fear, during the whole time letter, and resolutely, with Christian forti- the plague was ravaging Eyam, doing all tude, cast away all fear, and prepared for in his power to second the exertions of its a duty, although it was rendered doubly noble pastor. repulsive by the terrors which surrounded Mompesson felt more than ever the ne
cessity for religious comfort and observThese noble spirits by their example ances, and wished that his fock should upheld the hopes of their poor parishioners; unite in prayer to God, and listen to the they flew not from their homes when their certain hope of salvation as they had done pastor showed his faith and determination; heretofore. But to assemble where they they trusted in him and obeyed his behests; used, in the village church, would be to he was their guide, their monitor, in life woo the embraces of Death. He there. and death. By this means the plague was fore fixed on a spot where he had often pent in the narrow limits of the village, enjoyed the beauty of retirement in hapand the county—or perhaps we may say pier hours, and there determined to asthe country generally-was saved from semble his hearers. It is a deep dell, similar ravages. Such was his influence close to the village, formed by the fissures over the villagers, that at a time when, of of the rocks as they descend toward all others, men listen least to argument Middleton Dale, its craggy sides covered and most to fear, he was implicitly obeyed with trees, and a small stream trickling in all things; his character and example along the midst. Half-way down the dell drew a moral cordon—"a charmed circle” a rock projects from the mass of foliage, -round Eyam, which none attempted to and at a little height from the base is a pass, even though to remain within it was small cavernous arch about twelve feet to hazard death almost inevitably. He ar- | high. This Mompesson chose for his pul
pit; it was sufficiently high to command a month of August, and her death is thus view of the little dell; its arched roof con- feelingly told by her husband in a letter to centrated and threw forth his voice to his a friend : hearers on the hill opposite.
" This is the saddest news ever my pen could " A pallid, ghost-like, melancholy crew,
write. The destroying angel having taken up Seated on scattered crags, and far-off knolls, his quarters within my habitation, my dearest As fearing each the other."
wife has gone to her eternal rest, and is invested
with a crown of righteousness, having made a And thus was God's service conducted at
happy end. Indeed, had she loved herself as
well as me, she had fled from the pit of destrucEyam during the plague, and the spot is tion with the sweet babes, and might have prostill sacred to the villagers, who term it longed her days, but she was resolved to die a Cucklet Church.
martyr to my interest. My drooping spirits are The pastor's home was soon visited by
much refreshed with her joys, which, I think,
are unutterable." the angel of death. His noble wife fell stricken by the pestilence : she died in the Her tomb is in front of the village
church, near the entrance to the chancel. self. Further I can assure you, my sweet On one end is sculptured a winged hour- babes, that her love to you was little inglass, and the inscription, Cavete, nescilis ferior to hers for me. For why should horam ; on the other a skull and the words she be so desirous of living, but that you Mors mihi lucrum. At each corner, and might have the comfort of my life?" he a little in advance of the tomb, are placed adds a touching story of her death-bed, four chamfered stone pillars, and close be- when, on refusing all sustenance or corside is an antique Runic cross.
dials, “I desired her to take them for your When death had thus deprived him of dear sakes. Upon the mention of your his wife, the pastor's hope of his own life dear names, she lifted herself up and took failed him, and in the letter we have just them, which was to let me understand, quoted, he speaks of himself to a friend while she had strength left, she would emas “your dying chaplain," and assures him brace any opportunity she had of testifying " this paper is to bid you a hearty fare- her affection to you." well forever.” He recommends his chil. At this time the plague raged fearfully dren to his care, in memorable words which at Eyam ; the church-yard was overcrowdall parents should echo, “I am not desirous ed, and in the fields and hills adjoining the that they should be great, but good.” In village, its once happy inhabitants found writing to his children, he says, “I do be- their graves. Some twenty years ago, lieve, my dear hearts, upon sufficient the neighboring fields contained the graves grounds, that she was the kindest wife in and monumental tablets of the dead; but the world ; and I do think from my soul, they are all now obliterated by the hand that she loved me ten times more than her of the husbandman, except one group,
known as “ the Riley Gravestones," which “The condition of this place has been so sad are situated about half a mile from the
that I persuade myself it did exceed all hisvillage on the hill-side ; a wall has been tory and example; I may truly say that our
place has become a Golgotha, the place of a erected round the stones that remain, but skull: and had there not been a small remmany whose resting-places were not dis nant of us left, we had been as Sodom, and tinguished by such marks, are not included been made like unto Gomorrah. My ears never
heard such doleful lamentations, and my eyes within this humble inclosure. One square
never beheld such ghastly spectacles. Now, tomb and six head-stones record the rest- blessed be God, all our fears are over, for none ing-places of an entire family, and show have died of the infection since the 11th of Oc. how fearfully sudden the plague swept all tober, and all the pest-houses have been long away. The first who died was Elizabeth empty.” Hancock, on August 3, 1666 ; the father He now resumed his duties in the vildied on the following day ; the three sons lage church, the quaint and simple edifice died together on the 7th of that month, where so many had listened whose ears another daughter on the 9th, and another were now closed by pestilential death. the day following ; leaving one boy only It has been well said that “a fervent as the representative of the family. piety, a humble resignation, a spirit that
It was during the August and Septem- under circumstances peculiarly afflicting ber of this year that the plague raged could sincerely say, 'Not my will,but Thine uncontrolled; early in November it ceased, be done,' a manly fortitude and a friendly leaving unscathed the Pastor Mompesson, generosity of heart, were blended together who on the 20th of November writes : in the character of Mompesson."