them ; obliges them to release their hold, world without arms, and whose lower and then pursues her way, careless as to extremities could be described as nothing what may become of them. Happily for better than a kind of bony stalks, with the them, if they have a bad mother, their barest indications of thighs, and what might father shows himself much more affection- pass for the rudiments of legs. On either ate. He hears their cries of distress and little foot there were but four toes. It comes to their succor, takes them upon was happy for both these humble parents his back and carries them. In the course that the spectacle of their child's wretched of time he overtakes the mother, and pre- | condition, so far from exciting discontent sents them to her for nourishment, which and loathing, stirred up the deepest springs she offers with very bad grace.

of affection in their bosoms, and they loved In captivity the Marmozet, though ev- him all the more. erywhere much admired by the ladies, Such was the entry upon the world of does not show itself any more amiable. Cæsar Ducornet, historical painter, victor If we should judge by the motion of the in the academic schools, winner of the large rolling eyes, and the sprightliness gold medal in the exhibitions of the Louvre, of its motion, we should suppose it to be and corresponding member of the Imperial possessed of much penetration, but it is Society of Science, of Agriculture, and the not so ; these are the result of distrust and Arts, at Lille. fear. They never caress others, nor suf The early infancy of Ducornet is not, fer themselves to be caressed. They dis- perhaps, to be regarded as unhappy ; intrust all the world, the hand that feeds nocence is unconscious of its defects. them as well as others; they bite all in- Moreover, people found a charm in the differently. They are hardly susceptible vigorous and determined expression of his of affection, but are very soon angry ; the face ; so much sprightly and precocious least opposition irritates them, and when intelligence in his look ; so much characfrightened they utter a short, piercing cry, teristic and curious dexterity in all his while running away to hide themselves. movements, that every one noticed him with

The two individuals in our engraving sympathy, and treated him with tender(the Jacchus penicillatus and Jacchus ness. Meanwhile the infant grew in years auritus) are other species of the same and stature, and the poor parents had to genus, both from Brazil. They are very ponder the difficult problem of a profession little known, but their leading character- for their boy. The shoemaker gained a istics are the same as those of the preced-humble subsistence by the labor of his ing species.

hands; but Providence had given the young

Cæsar no hands to labor with, and they CÆSAR DUCORNET.

i puzzled themselves in vain, since it was

plain he could work at no known trade, as ON the 6th of January, 1806, there was to what was to be done with him. Many U born, in the humble dwelling of a poor poor parents in such a predicament would shoemaker in the Rue St. Jacques, at have made a beggar of the boy, and have Lille, an infant so strangely helpless and found their account in it; or they would deformed, that the attendants at its birth have hired him out for exhibition by some hesitated to show it to its parents. They traveling showman ; but the father of Duregarded it with a species of horror ; its cornet was an honest and independent utter feebleness foreboded its speedy death, | artisan, who knew the true dignity of a and that they were ready to hail as a mer workman, and was incapable of harboring ciful dispensation, both for mother and any thought of this kind. Still the ques. babe. But the mother took it to her bosom tion arose, What was to be done? They with all a mother's love, and the hapless had remarked that in his childish games little stranger did not die. Some days the infant made use of his feet with most after, when the poor shoemaker and his marvelous ability ; he threw the ball to his wife were left alone with their new-born comrades ; cut things he wanted to cut son, they might have been seen stooping, with a knife; drew lines with chalk on with a mingled expression of terror, of the floor of the room ; clipped out in paper pity, and parental compassion, over a cra- figures and images with his mother's scisdle, in which there rolled and twisted sors ; in a word, everything which other about a little lusus natura, sent into the children did with their hands, he did with

[graphic][merged small]

equal, if not excelling adroitness, with his But the writing-master had soon fresh four-toed feet. One day they surprised food for admiration. In addition to the him in the act of drawing upon paper some fine character of the boy's writing, his copymasterly capital letters. An old writing- books began all at once to be illustrated master, named Dumoncel, saw them with by a crowd of designs, remarkable for astonishment, and immediately proposed their originality and correctness of outline. to the shoemaker to take the boy under "These were so abundant and striking, that his gratuitous instruction. In less than a Dumoncel, astonished, carried the producyear, the little Ducornet-we cannot say tions of his pupil to M. Watteau, professor wrote the finest hand, but—had become of design in the Academy at Lille. This the first penman in the worthy Dumoncel's second discovery had the same success as class.

| the first. M. Watteau, in his turn, fell in


love with the prodigious aptitude of the greater advantage. The town of Lille, young Ducornet, and did not rest until he less princely in its generosity, increased had gained his admittance as a student of the artist's pension by three hundred francs design at the Lille Academy; only, by a delicate attention, the professor installed Upon this our artist sets out for Paris, him in the class of the adults, to save him whither, to complete his satisfaction, his from the rude curiosity of the boys of his friend, M. Demailly, is not slow to follow own age, who constituted the elementary him. Now begins the grand struggle for classes.

reputation. He enters the Royal AcadeAt the Academy of Lille, Cæsar Du- my of Painting, and at the same time his cornet carried off successively the highest benefactor procures him admission into the prizes in each of the courses, and finished studio of M. Lethière. Six months after by having decreed to him the great medal his entrance at the Royal Academy, in in the living-model class. This last vic- 1826, he there obtains the third medal, tory was regarded as an event in the good and on the following year the second. In town of Lille.

1828 he presents himself as one of the From this period must be dated a friend candidates for the great prize to be awardship, which proved the greatest happinessed at Rome. of Ducornet's life. It was now that he Here occurs a circumstance rather curi. became intimate with a man, who was des ous to record.

The examination has comtined to act as a guardian angel through menced; the artist has fully succeeded in the remainder of his career ; a man of true all his preliminary trials, but the moment nobility of mind, whose life had been one comes for competition, and now the prolong devotion to the arts and artists of his fessors, considering the diminutive figure native town, and who lavished upon Ducor- and strange conformation of Ducornet, denet, from his childhood to his death, all the clare him physically incapable of manag, tenderness of a parent. M. Demailly, of ing a canvas prescribed by the regulation, Lille, (the name ought not to be forgotten,) (about five feet by four,) and close the adopted the poor Ducornet, and undertook arena against him. Thereupon Ducornet the charge of his future life. He took retires, and, to vindicate himself in the him into his house, fed him, clothed him, face of their unqualifying decision, he exeencouraged him in his efforts, in his trials, cutes, upon these same regulation dimenand at the same time, being himself an sions, his first picture, “ The Parting of excellent judge and a distinguished ama Hector and Andromache," which may be teur, aided him by his counsels. He went seen at this moment on the walls of the further : he racked his ingenuity in the Museum at Lille. contrivance of seats, of easels, and of im In 1829 the professors of the Royal plements for painting, adapted to the ab- Academy revoke their exclusion ; Ducornormal structure of his protégé. When net executes the proposed subject, “ Jacob we reflect that the benevolent hand which refusing to release the young Benjamin to guided the first steps of the Lille artist his Brethren." His picture, according to was reserved to close the eyes that death the opinion of the best judges, deserves at had glazed forty years afterward, are we least a second prize ; but the Academy not justified in believing that Providence cannot condescend to grace with victory prepares such loving hearts for the ex man without arms. Therefore, M. press solace of misfortune ?

Lethière, protesting against their injustice, But another earnest of success was now has the picture exhibited along with the at hand. About this time the Duke d'An- assembled prizes, during a visit of the goulême, going to visit the Museum at Duchess de Berry. The princess praises Lille, found our young artist there in the the work of the maimed painter, and the act of finishing a beautiful copy from a Minister of the Interior commands him to picture by Vandycke. Astounded at the paint “St. Louis administering Justice unsight of so strange a being executing a der an Oak," for the Museum of his native most difficult work of art, the prince took town. a lively interest in his fate; he conferred At this period Ducornet quits the studio upon him a pension of twelve hundred of M. Lethière to follow his own indefrancs, and prevailed upon him to go to pendent course. The first fruit of his Paris, there to continue his studies at emancipated labor is a picture, represent



ing the “ Slave Market,” now in the keep- poverty spring from dissipation, to which ing of the Museum at Arras. During the he was a total stranger, his wants being years which followed upon the Revolution few, and his capabilities of physical enjoyof 1830, Ducornet obtained from the gov- ment still fewer. As to luxuries, his ernment a commission for painting several palace was a loft over his painting-room, of those portraits of Louis Philippe, which, and his coach and pair was his father's all precisely alike, were distributed by hun- back. For exactly half a century did the dreds to the mayories of the departments ; father serve as beast of burden to the an occupation this sufficiently wearisome to the mind of a true artist, but to which When we became acquainted with Cæpoverty must resign itself. While Du sar Ducornet, General Negrier had been cornet is thus laboring to gain a subsist- killed at the barricades of June, 1848. ence for himself and father, the state de- He had left his sword to the corps of canprives him of his pension of twelve hundred noniers, stationed at Lille. Ducornet francs ; and the town of Lille, following wished on this occasion to offer the porthe example of the state, withdraws its trait of the general to the artillery corps, three hundred, thus admonishing him that his fellow-citizens. Now the painter had misfortunes rarely come single.

never seen the deceased general. The Nevertheless, poor Ducornet does not portrait was to be a full length, and for suffer himself to be cast down by this re sole guide the artist had a bust, tolerably verse of fortune ; on the contrary, he re well executed by the sculptor Bra, and a doubles the activity of his labors. In 1834 few lithographs, not much to be relied on. two of his works, ** An Episode in the Ducornet felt the want of information as Siege of Antwerp,” and “ Magdalen at the to the personal demeanor and general faFeet of the Saviour," are admitted to the cial expression of his absent model. He Exhibition at the Louvre. The latter- applied first to the commandant Lebrun, mentioned of these two pictures is eleven formerly aide-de-camp of Negrier, whose feet high and eight feet wide. We cite recollections of the deceased officer were these dimensions, because they are very of material use. Afterward he sent to significant, when we recollect the deform me with a request that I would favor him ity of the painter and the exclusion of with my personal recollections. It was 1828.

on this invitation that I went for the first We pass over a number of Ducornet's time to visit the artist phenomenon. productions of less importance, which No matter how long I may live, I shall would occupy too much space were they never forget the wonderful impression I mentioned in detail. Let us record, how- received upon entering his painting-room. ever, his successes at the several exhi- There, extended upon an easel, stood a bitions at the Louvre. . In 1840, he gained huge canvas, on which the image of the a medal of the third class; in 1841, General Negrier was beginning to asmedal of the second class; in 1843, sume the semblance of life ; and across medal of the first class ; and at length, in the whole extent of the canvas ran, with 1846, the great gold medal was awarded incredible agility, like a fly upon a wall, him for his picture of “Christ at the the stunted trunk of a man, surmounted Sepulcher,” a work of incontestable ex- by a noble head, with expansive brow and cellence. We must refer also, among the eye of fire ; and wherever this apparition later works of the Lille painter, to“ Saint passed along the canvas, he left the traces Philomena,” painted in 1847 for the Church of color behind him. On approaching a of St. Rignier, (Somme ;) to a “Gloria in few paces nearer, we were aware of a lofty Excelsis," painted in 1849 for the Church but slender scaffolding in front of the canof Aux-le-Château, (Pas de Calais ;) and vas, up and down and across the steps and to “ An Event in the Life of St. Martin," stages of which climbed, and crouched, painted in 1853 for the Church of Zul- and twisted—it is impossible to describe kerque, (Pas de Calais.) Add to these a how—the shapeless being we had come to multitude of portraits of all kinds, many of We saw then that he was deprived them elaborately finished, and executed at of arms; that he had no thighs; that his full length, and you will be convinced that short legs were closely united to the trunk; if Ducornet lived and died poor, it was and that his feet were wanting of a toe not for want of industry. Neither did his each. By one of his feet he held a pal


ette ; by the other a pencil ; in his mouth | he looked upon them as the world ; for litalso he carried a large brush and a second tle beyond their society did he, in his later pencil ; and in all this harness he moved, days, know anything of. Well did they and rolled, and writhed, and painted in tend him, and, in return for their extreme a manner more than marvelous ! For care of him, well did he love them. some minutes we had remained standing If the career of such a man is apt to in the middle of the room, forgetful of suggest painful reflections, it is yet pregceremony, and stupified and mute, when nant with the consoling thought that Provthere proceeded from this shapeless being idence is sometimes pleased to compensate a voice, musical, grave, and sonorous, sa- bodily defects by endowing the subject of luting us by name, and inviting us to be them with illustrious talents and nobility seated. Then the apparition, gliding down of mind. For our part, every one of the the whole length of the scaffolding to the works of the Lille painter seems to assert ground, advanced or rather rolled toward with authoritative voice one truth-that, us, and, with a bound, established itself on whatever be his personal deformities and the sofa at our side. It was thus that we defects, a man is a man who rightly uses found ourselves for the first time in the his head and his heart. company of Cæsar Ducornet, historical painter. In the course of the conversation that

A NIGHT AT SEA. followed, this singular phenomenon exbibited so much joyous humor, so much THE boy, a lad of some fifteen years, frank cordiality, as won our affection com had been missing for several hours. pletely. Forgetting everything else, we No one knew when he left or whither he saw in him only a distinguished man, whose had gone. friendship we coveted, and, with unreflect “We must look after the lad,” cried ing instinct, we held out our hand. Du- Harcourt, springing from his bed, and cornet smiled sadly, with a look toward dressing with all haste. 6. He is a rash, his armless shoulders.

hot-headed fellow; but even if it were The portrait of General Negrier, paint nothing else, he might get his death in cd without a model, by Ducornet, adorns such a night as this." at the present moment the hotel of the The wind dashed wildly against the artillery corps at Lille, and, what is really window-panes as he spoke, and the old astonishing, it is distinguished by its won timbers of the frame rattled fearfully. And derful resemblance. We may add, that with a promptitude that bespoke the man the cannoniers of Lille, to testify their of action, Harcourt descended the stairs gratitude to the artist, employed him to and set out. execute for their body a full-length portrait The night was pitch dark; sweeping of their commander, M. Saint Leger, a gusts of wind bore the rain along in torwork which was also perfectly successful. rents, and the thunder rolled incessantly,

It now only remains for us to relate the its clamor increased by the loud beating circumstances of the death of this interest of the waves as they broke upon the rocks. ing artist.

Upton had repeated to Harcourt that Bill Thirty years of incessant labor had not

saw the boy going toward the sea-shore, provided for Ducornet even the humblest and in this direction he now followed. competence. He lived in want and priva- His frequent excursions had familiarized tion; it was all he could do to live. One him with the place, so that even at night day last year his physical powers sud- | Harcourt found no difficulty in detecting denly deserted him, his palette and pencils the path and keeping it. About half an falling from his hold.

His feet were hour's brisk walking brought him to the struck with paralysis. ... The sense of side of the Lough, and the narrow flight bis helpless condition, and the prospect of of steps cut in the rock, which descended approaching misery, came to finish the to the little boat-quay. Here he halted, work of sickness. On the 27th of April, and called out the boy's name several 1856, the historical painter of Lille died times. The sea, however, was running in the arms of M. Demailly and his father. mountains high, and an immense drift, These two old men had long been the sweeping over the rocks, fell in sheets of whole world to poor Ducornet. In fact, ! scattered foam beyond them; so that Har

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