tion, who held a high place in the estima- pinions; but having little means and modetion of his townsmen, was an assistant rate ambition, he was content with a very commissary during the Revolutionary War, small business. Others, more eagle-eyed and kept a tavern near St. John's Church, and enterprising, foresaw that, with proper which was also used for a magazine, as energy, the business might be multiplied well as other purposes called for by the and rendered profitable. Among them was public service. To supply troops with Colonel William Leavenworth, formerly a soap he established a “potashery,” as it large merchant, but having met with rewas then called, which was continued verses and given up trade, he therefore many years after the peace. Specimens converted his store into a clock shop, and of the soap were preserved as late as finding his business increasing, changed a twenty years ago, and were more highly four mill which he owned into a larger appreciated than the best Windsor. establishment, where he erected improved

To the late Mark Leavenworth, Esq., machinery, and prosecuted a large busimust be awarded the credit of an early | ness for several years. In the meantime pioneer. He was an apprentice to Mr. Hopkins, the silversmith, and being thrown out of employ by dame fashion, he commenced the manufacture of gun-locks ; this was followed by axes and steel-yards, which were about the first articles fabricated here for an outside market; these

taken South, and exchanged for cotton and tobacco.

This was about the beginning of the present century.

About this time Silas Grilley and others commenced the manufacture of composition buttons, made of pewter and zinc, which was carried on for several years with success, until superseded by the gilt buttons, which laid the foundation of the metal business. This has since overshadowed every other pursuit, and made the place what it now is.

Toward the close of the last century James Harrison commenced the manufacture of wooden clocks. He is said not only to have erected the first water-wheel known in this vicinity, but to have made the first wooden clock known in Connecticut. His commencement was in a rude way, using a saw, file, and pen-knife for machinery, turning the pinions by foot power. Subsequently, after erecting a water-wheel on Little Brook, he invented some very ingenious machinery for cutting the wheel - teeth and



ness for several years. In the meantime the new Roman Catholic Churches of this several rival establishments sprung up, the city. St. John's Church (Episcopal) is a most successful of which was that of Mark massive structure of native granite. The Leavenworth, before alluded to, who con corner stone was laid June 6th, 1845. tinued a prosperous business up to 1835, Consecrated January 12, 1848. This when he commenced the manufacture of church has for the last twenty years been gilt buttons. This he ultimately abandon- under the pastoral care of the Rev. J. L. ed, but continued to manufacture lasting or Clark, D.D., and is in a very flourishing Florentine buttons until his death. He condition. was the last of the wooden clock makers The Second Congregational Church in this town, having amassed a handsome was organized April 4th, 1852. On the fortune by the business, which was much 19th of May Rev. S. W. Magill was inlessened by subsequent schemes in connec- stalled in the pastoral office. It is a handtion with others.

some edifice of brick and stucco. The This brings us to the establishment of lofty and graceful spire which adorned the gilt button experiment, about 1804. by this structure was two hundred and nine Abel, Porter, & Co., but which first rose feet in height. into importance under Leavenworth, Hay Both St. John's and the Second Conden, & Scovill, but was not fully developed gregational Churches have suffered severeuntil the accession of the brothers, J. M. ly from a gale, the violence of which was L. & W. H. Scovill, whose names for the unparalleled in this vicinity, which occurred last twenty-five years have been so con on the 18th January last. The spires of spicuous in the history of the town. both these edifices were destroyed at that

In 1810 James Scovill and Austin time. The cuts represent the structures Steele commenced the manufacture of as they appeared previous to the gale. woolen goods here.

The new Roman Catholic church, of From these small beginnings a colossal which I present a view, drawn from the business has grown up in Waterbury. In architect's elevation, is now in process of 1830 the amount of capital employed in building, under the direction of Mr. B. P. manufacturing here was less than one Chatfield. The inaterial is brick, with hundred thousand dollars. There is at freestone copings. The whole extent of the present day an actual capital, invested the structure is sixty-six feet by one hundhere in different branches of manufactur- red and sixty. The corner stone was laid ing, of three million dollars. The bank- 5th of July last. ing and mercantile capital employed here amounts to about one million in addition. There are some fifty stores, and a present STRIVE, WAIT, AND PRAY. population of about eight thousand five

STRIVE; yet I do not promise hundred.

The prize you dream of to-day, Thus we see what enterprise has ac Will not fade when you think to grasp it, complished within the last few years in an

And melt in your hand away ; interior Connecticut town, possessing no

But another and holier Treasure,

You would now perchance disdain, advantages from situation save in its water Will come when your toil is over, power. Until the completion of the Nau And pay you for all your pain. gatuck Railroad in 1849, all the transporta

Wait; yet I do not tell you tion to and from market was by way of The hour you long for now, New Haven, requiring a land carriage of Will not come with its radiance vanish'd, twenty-two miles. This, it will at once And a shadow upon its brow; be seen, was a serious obstacle to the suc

Yet far through the misty future,

With a crown of starry light, cess of a business requiring so large an

An hour of joy you know not amount of tonnage as the manufacture of

Is winging her silent flight. metal, which has become the principal

Pray; though the gift you ask for business of the place. The variety of

May never confort your fears, articles manufactured here, collected in a May never repay your pleading, list, would be quite a curiosity.

Yet pray, and with hopeful tears;

An answer, Among the illustrations which I present

not that you long for,

But diviner, will come one day; in the present number are views of St.

Your eyes are too dim to see it, John's, the Second Congregational, and Yet strive, and wait, and pray,

[graphic][merged small]

Who has not felt, in some dear churchyard | I saw again. Behold! Heaven's open door, spot,

Behold! a throne; the seraphim stood o'er it; When evening's pencil shades the pale gold The white-robed elders fell upon the floor, sky,

And flung their crowns before it. "Here at the closing of my life's calm lot,

I saw a wondrous book; an angel strong Here would I love to lie?

To heaven and earth proclaim'd his loud ap“ Here, where the poet thrush so often pours

peals; His requiem hidden in green aisles of lime,

But a hush pass'd across the seraph's song, And bloody-red along the sycamores

For none might loose the seals. Creepeth the summer time.

Then, fast as rain to death cry of the year,

Tears of St. John to that sad cry were given ; “Where through the ruin'd church's broken

It was a wondrous thing to see a tear walls Glimmers all night the vast and solemu sea,

Fall on the floor of Heaven! As through our broken hopes the brightness falls and a sweet voice said, “Weep not; wherefore Of our eternity."

fails, But, when we die, we rest, far, far away;

Eagle of God, thy heart, the high and leal ?

The lion out of Judah's tribe prevails
Not over us the lime-trees lift their bowers,

To loose the seven-fold seal."
And the young sycamores their shadows sway
O'er graves that are not ours.

'Twas Israel's voice; and straightway, up above,

Stood in the midst a wondrous Lamb, snowYet he is happy, wheresoe'er he lie,

white, Round whom the purple calms of Eden Heart-wounded with the deep, sweet wounds of spread;

love, Who sees his Saviour with the heart's pure eye,

Eternal, infinite. He is the happy dead !

Then rose the song no ear had heard before ; By the rough brook of life no more he

Then from the white-robed throng high anwrestles,

them woke; Huddling its hoarse waves until night de. And fast as spring-tide on the sealess shore part;

The halleluiahs broke. No more the pale face of a Rachel nestles

Who dreams of God when passionate youth is Upon his broken heart.

high, He is encircled by the quiet home,

When first life's weary waste his feet have From whose safe fold no little lamb is lost;

trod; The Jegar-sahadutha® of the tomb

Who seeth angels' footfalls in the sky, No Laban ever cross'd !

Working the works of God :

Genesis xxxi, 47, 52.

And I wept much. Rov. v, 4.



are more

His sun shall fade as gently as it rose; with whom you come into closer contact. Through the dark woof of death's approach. Does he pick up a blade of grass ? he will

ing night His faith shall shoot

, at night's prophetic close, examine it with as much care as if he Some threads of goldeu light.

were determining the value of a precious

stone ? Do you put food before him ? he For him the silver ladder shall be set;

tucks it into his mouth as fast as possible ; His Saviour shall receive his latest breath; He walketh to a fadeless coronet

and when his cheek-pouches are so full Up through the gate of death!

that they cannot hold any more, he looks up at you, as if he seriously asked your

approval of his laying up stores for the THE MONKEY TRIBE. future. If he destroy the most valuable

piece of glass or china in your possession,

he does not look as if he enjoyed the misE now come to those smaller species chief, but either puts on an impudent air, of the Quadrumana which

as much as to say, 'I don't care,' or calmgenerally kept as household pets. That ly tries to let you know that he thought it there is much about the whole class that his duty to destroy your property.” is repulsive we cannot deny ; and yet so But to proceed with our description : we grotesque is their appearance, and so great notice, first, the Cercopithecus Mona, or their power of mimicry, that the most Varied Monkey. This pretty little animal melancholy person can scarcely look upon has flesh-colored lips and nose, a brown their gambols without relaxing at least to face, with a black band upon the forehead, a smile. Since these tricks are such uni- the back and thighs of a lively brown versal provocations of mirth, it is not sur- spotted with black, and black limbs. His prising that they have been supposed to height is nearly seventeen inches, and his originate in the same feeling. But this is length, from the tip of the nose to the root not necessarily the case. Mrs. Lee, whom of the tail, is two feet. we beg leave to quote, is very clear and The varied monkey is one of the species sensible on this point. She

says “that most commonly imported, and that most monkeys enjoy movement; that they de- readily endures the change of climate. light in pilfering, in outwitting each other, Elegance of form, grace of movement, and especially in outwitting men; that gentleness of disposition, keenness of obthey glory in tearing and destroying the servation, quickness of intelligence, and, works of art by which they are surrounded, in short, everything that can make a creain a domestic state; that they lay the most ture of this kind attractive, is possessed by artful plans to effect their purposes, is all this monkey to an unusual degree. perfectly true ; but the terms mirthful and Although lively even to petulance, it is merry seem to me to be totally misapplied not vicious, and readily becomes attached to in reference to their feelings and actions, its master. It is even susceptible of a for they do all in solemnity and serious. degree of education, if the master can

Do you stand under a tree whose make himself sufficiently feared to enforce thick foliage completely screens you from obedience. the sun, and you hope to enjoy perfect In one habit it differs from all other shade and repose ? A slight rustling monkeys; it never makes grimaces; and proves that companions are near; pres- it wears on its features a certain gravity ently a broken twig falls upon you, then and sweetness of expression. It partakes another; you raise your eyes, and find that readily of any cooked dish, bread, fruits, hundreds of other eyes are staring at you. and certain insects; and is particularly In a moment more you see the faces to fond of ants and spiders. It has great which those eyes belong making grimaces, agility, though all its movements are genas you suppose ; but it is no such thing; tle. It is very persevering in its enthey are solemnly contemplating the in- deavors to carry out its wishes, but never truder; they are not pelting him in play, resorts to violence; and after having it is their business to drive him from their teased for a long time for some pleasing domain. Raise your arm, the boughs object which is still persistently refused, shake, the chattering begins, and the sooner it will suddenly cease its endeavors, make you decamp the more you will show your a gambol, and appear to think no more discretion. Watch the ape or monkey | about it.


Its morality is rather questionable with and seeks an isolated tree, in the foliage regard to the rights of property. It has of which it can be concealed; for it is such a tendency to pilfering as no punish- fearful lest its comrades pillage its storement can correct. It slips the hand quietly house, by beating and forcing it to open its into the pocket of those who may be ca- mouth, which sometimes happens. At ressing it, and that, too, with the address the bottom of its hiding-place, seated in of a skillful conjuror. In order to secure a bifurcation of the branches, it draws without disturbance the objects of its de- from its sack, one by one, the insects sire, to steal a few fruits or knick-knacks, which it has taken, smooths them with it will readily turn the key of a closet, its little fingers, plucks off the wings and untie a package, and open the ring of a the feet, which it throws away, carries it chain. Heedless and capricious, it is not to the teeth, and finally eats it at several always disposed to caress its master; but, mouthfuls with a well-principled gastronwhen tranquil, and not preoccupied, it will omy; and then recommences the same gracefully respond to any advances. It operation with another, until its provisions will play, take the most amiable attitudes, are exhausted. Then only does it think bite gently, press against the person whom of rejoining its comrades. it loves, and utter a little musical cry, The Diana, or Spotted Monkey, bears a which is its ordinary expression of joy. striking resemblance to the Mona in habIn general, it is less amiable to strangers, its, character, and general appearance. and rarely fails to bite those who are hardy This lively creature is found in Congo and enough to touch it. It is also subject to Guinea, where, in large troops, it inhabits capricious and unaccountable antipathies. the silent forests. Its natural food is

Its native country is Northern Africa, fruit, birds' eggs, and insects. As it is and Barbary in particular. It appears, readily tamed, the negroes often capture also, to have been found in Abyssinia, in and se!! it to the Europeans, who come to Arabia, Persia, and some other parts of trade upon the African coast. Asia. As it is very timid, it rarely ap The character of this little monkey is proaches the habitations of men, and never very amiable. It is much attached to its enters his plantations. In time of famine, master, and answershis call upon all ocwhen the fruits become rare in the forests, casions. One of my friends possesses an it descends in troops to the plains, and individual of this species, which used to there turns the stones over and over as accompany the family from the city to the assiduously as the most enthusiastic ento-country-seat about three miles distant. mologist, in order to find the insects that The road was bordered with trees, and may be hidden beneath them. In order to the curious animal climbed them all withpreserve its specimens, it has no pin-box, out exception. When the trees were sufsuch as serves the learned men who catch ficiently near, it jumped from one to the flies, but two very commodious sacks, cut other with unexampled lightness and raafter the pattern furnished by dame na- pidity. But it soon wearied with this ture, namely, its pouches. These are two experiment, and jumped upon the back of membranous pockets, such as most mon a spaniel, which was forced to carry him. keys are furnished with, one under each The first time this was done, the poor dog cheek. In the varied monkey these are was very much frightened, and tried to large enough to contain provisions for two relieve himself of the unwonted burden. days; but its gluttony is still more ca But the monkey seized the long tufts of pacious, for it will devour in a few hair with its four hands so firmly, that in hours, or as soon as its stomach will per- spite of running, leaping, and turning, its mit, that which it would have economized position was maintained. When the dog with a little forethought. Few sights are rolled over it jumped off with a light more comical than the figure of this mon- bound, watched the performance, and when key, with its cheeks so distended with the animal rose, another bound placed provisions, as to make its head appear to the monkey on his back again. At length, be of twice its usual size. In this state finding opposition useless, the dog took it it is a living representation of the bloated, all in good part, and became the involunpuff-cheeked figures by which the ancient tary saddle-horse of the Diana. painters represented the winds.

Like the Mona, it is a little thievish, At such times the Mona avoids the troop, and it has the trick of concealing in beds

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