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And raised the patient's drooping spirits elevation where its churches are situated, By praising up the plaster's merits.
present most of the characteristic features Quoth he, “The roots now scarcely stick;
of the finest English rural scenery. The l'll fetch her out like crab or tick; And make it rendezvous, next trial,
very superior quality of the cattle found With six more plagues in my old vial.” here strengthens the resemblance to EnThen purged him pale with jalap drastic, glish pastoral scenes; the farmers having And next applied the infernal caustic.
introduced the finest imported stock upon And yet this semblance bright of hell Served but to make the patient yell;
their estates. And, gnawing on with fiery pace,
“ John Trumbull, the author, was the Devour'd one broadside of his face.
son of a clergyman of the same name, and “ Courage, 'tis done,” the doctor cried,
was born April 24th, 1750." He was of And quick the incision knife applied ; That with three cuts made such a hole,
exceedingly delicate constitution, and early Out flew the patient's tortured soul !
in life showed manifestations of his poetical Go, readers, gentle, eke, and simple,
ability. He was educated at Yale ColIf you have wart, or corn, or pimple, lege. “In 1775 he wrote the first part To quack infallible apply; Here's room for you to lie.
of McFingal, which was immediately pubHis skill triumphant still prevails,
lished at Philadelphia, where Congress was For death's a cure that never fails."
then sitting.” This work was completed John Trumbull, the celebrated author and published in Hartford in 1782. of McFingal, was a native of Westbury, a
MeFingal is a burlesque poem directed parish of Waterbury, which has since been against the enemies of American liberty, and seen set off under the name of Watertown. holding up to scorn and contempt the tories This is at the present day a beautiful town. and the British officers, naval, military, and In the general cultivation of the soil and civil, in America. It is a merciless satire
throughout : whatever it touches it transforms; its many superior farms, it presents a strik- kings, ministers, lords, bishops, generals, judges
, ing contrast with the parent town. In the admirals
, all take their turn, and become, in the beautifully undulating character of the light or associations in which they are exhibland, as well as in its fine forest trees hap-ited, alternately the objects of our merriment,
hatred, or scorn. So wedded is the author to pily grouped over rich meadows, the en
his vein of satire that even McFingal, the friend virons of Watertown, viewed from the l of England, and the champion of the Tories, is
made the undisguised scoffer of both them and through alluvial flats; beyond which on their cause. The story of McFingal is this : either side wooded hillsides arise, form. the hero, a Scotchman, and justice of the peace ing the line of the horizon. in a town near Boston, who had two gifts by right of his birth, 'rebellion and the second
From that elevation in the cemetery sight,' goes to a town meeting, where he and one grounds known as Forest Hill, the view, Honorius make speeches at each other through looking in a northwesterly direction, is one two whole cantos. At the end of the second of great beauty. The river is here viscanto the town meeting breaks up tumultuously, and the people gather about a liberty pole ible for the distance of some two miles. erected by the mob. Here McFingal makes a Nothing can be more pleasing in landscape virulent speech of near two hundred lines, at than the effect produced by the numerous the end of which he is pursued and brought curves of the stream as seen from this back to the liberty pole, when the constable is swung aloft, and McFingal tarred and feathered. point, sweeping gracefully along, its right McFingal is set at liberty; he goes home, and bank precipitous and thickly wooded ; at night makes a speech to some of his Tory upon its left bank rich alluvial flats, just friends in his cellar, extending through the rest sufficiently dotted with single trees to of the poem, leaving only room to tell that the mob broke off his address in the middle, by as
afford a proper disposition of light and shade to the landscape ; beyond these arise wooded hillsides, while in the distance the view is bounded by hills relieved by cultivation and scattering farm houses. Near sunset the light is finest for this landscape. In the eastern portion of the cemetery the various glimpses obtained of the river, looking through the trees upon its placid waters, add greatly to the charm of the scene.
Here the stream, restless and joyous as is the general character of its course, seems to pause for a moment, as man occasionally does in the midst of the turmoil of life, to contemplate his own mortality; silently and slowly the naturally turbulent river wends its way past the city of the dead.
Far back in Egypt's history, before the Hellenic ages, the places of sepulture selected at Thebes and other cities upon the Nile, were always upon the opposite side of the stream from the abodes of the living, the river itself furnishing the dividing line between the cities of the living and
the dead. Hence we learn that the Greeks, PORTER'S LODGE, RIVERSIDE CEMETERY.
who received the germ of civilization from sailing the house, and McFingal escaped to the Egyptians, established in that mythol Boston. These are all the incidents and this ogy which their exquisite poetry and art the whole story of a poem of four cantos, and have adorned and transmitted to future ages, consisting of some thousand lines.”
the theory of the dead crossing the River The Cemetery of Riverside is situated Styx, and the poetical fancy of the grim at the distance of about three fourths of a visaged ferryman, Charon. Here, certainmile southeasterly from the central por- ly, we have the most ancient authority for tion of Waterbury, upon the right bank of selecting the borders of a river for the the Naugatuck River. The name which resting-place of the dead. Nothing can has been adopted for this beautiful spot is form a more perpetual barrier to the enmost happily suggestive of its situation. croachments of the future in our still unFrom various elevations within the inclos- developed country. And the associations ure, the river forms a beautiful feature in of classic antiquity, too little valued in our the landscape, winding gracefully as it does progressive age, are thus cherished and
preserved. • Kettell's Specimens of American Poetry, vol. i.
“ The site of Riverside Cemetery was
Appropriate prayers and other services succeeded this, after which a beautiful and impressive address was pronounced by the Hon. Green Kendrick. In the closing portion of the address the speaker happily alluded to the advantageous situation of the cemetery as follows:
“It lies beautifully undulating along the bank of the Naugatuck River, which serves not only as a picturesque margin on the north, but as a perpetual barrier against the encroachments of the city, from which it is at such a distance as to be convenient of access, and yet sufficiently secluded, while the many beautiful prospects it furnishes of the city and the enchanting scenery around it, with the gentle hum of business heard indistinctly in the distance, serves to divest it of
that aspect of loneliness and awful stillness, MITCHELL'S FAMILY LOT.
which engenders only feelings of despair,
and which is uncongenial with the cheering selected, and the refusal of a portion | emblems of hope which a rural cemetery should of the grounds obtained in 1849. In
ever present to the disconsolate heart. There the following year a corporate association being so elevated and furnishing prospects suf
is a diversity of hill and valley, some parts was formed under the statute law of this ficiently beautiful to suit the tastes of the most state, relating to burial grounds and places aspiring; others, so low and secluded as to of sepulture ; and a sufficient sum in harmonize with the feelings of the most humble money subscribed to purchase the first plot runs through the center serves to enliven and
and unpretending. The quiet little stream that of ground.”
diversify the scenery, and divide the grounds At a subsequent period additional ground into two equal divisions. The soil is well was purchased, making the present extent adapted, being mostly free from stone, deep, of the cemetery thirty-one acres.
and susceptible of a high state of improvement.
Thus situated by nature, it will, when the imOn the 24th September, 1853, the dedi- provements which are so tastefully commenced cation of the grounds took place. The shall be completed, become a most appropriate ceremonies were altogether of the most place for the repose of the dead, and to them
we now dedicate it, until time shall cease, and the interesting and impressive character. A
grave shall lose its power and dominion." platform was erected in a beautiful pine grove near the entrance of the cemetery, The attention bestowed in our day and for the use of those who took part in the ex- country upon the selection of quiet rural ercises. The Mendelssohn Society of this city, an association devoted to the cultivation of classical music, took part in the exercises, adding greatly to the solemnity and interest of the occasion. The following preliminary ode was sung, awakening, perhaps for the first time, the echoes of sacred music in this spot, so long one of nature's solitudes :
“ Time is bearing us away
To our eternal home; Life is but a winter's day,
A journey to the tomb. Youth and vigor soon will flee,
Blooning beauty lose its charms; All that's mortal soon will be
Inclosed in death's cold arms. But the Christian shall enjoy
Health and vigor soon, above, Far beyond the world's alloy,
Secure in Jesus' love !"
retreats for the repositories of the dead, neglected and gloomy burial grounds of as well as the care exhibited in the culti- former years, sometimes used as sheep vation and adornment of the grounds, are pastures, or perhaps with broken inclosamong the most striking proofs of advanc- ures which admitted freely all the animals ing refinement and civilization. It is to that fed upon the common; or, again, France that we are indebted for the first choked with brambles, the mullen being example of this kind in the well-known the only flower which lifted its head above and, in some respects, beautiful cemetery the graves, surely we must acknowledge of Père la Chaise. Rural cemeteries were that our improvements in this respect next introduced in the United States. evince increasing refinement and civilizaEngland has at last adopted them, although tion. for many ages the crypts and chapels of It was in mediæval times that superher cathedrals have received for the most stition seemed most to delight in those part the ashes of her distinguished dead. I emblems of death which are revolting In Germany, Italy,
The skull and the and other continental
cross bones, and those countries, these im
hideous and distorted provements have not
groups, both in sculpyet been introduced.
ture and in painting, In the number, ex
known as the dance of tent, and beauty of the
death, sprung into exrural cemeteries of the
istence then. United States, we may
The refinement of be assured that our be
the Greeks led them, loved country excels
in the pagan the world.
age, to associate with A rural cemetery in
the idea of death difthe environs of any
ferent forms of beauty ; city or town, if taste
hence we have the fully laid out, and im
genius of death, a proved in accordance
beautiful figure of a with the present estab
youth leaning upon an lished style of land
inverted torch with scape gardening, can
legs crossed, holding not fail of exciting a
in his hand a cluster of good influence upon
poppy buds, emblemthe tastes of a people.
atic of rest, of the Wherever we
sleep of the grave. In these cemeteries in
the temple of Juno, at troduced we find that
Elis, death and sleep gradually the stiff and
were personified by formal lines of trees
two beautiful infants, and walks, once
twin brothers, repos
ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. universal upon
ing in the arms of grounds, are rapidly giving way to the bet- | Night. Strange that, with revealed religion ter taste exhibited in a simple copying and the hope held out to us beyond the vale, of nature. Now we see thick clumps of these beautiful images of death should trees with varied foliage, contrasting, in have given place to others distorted and their dark outline and heavy masses of repulsive. shadow, with irregular sunny openings of The natural adaptation of the grounds closely shaven lawn. It is no longer of Riverside to the purposes of a cemetery deemed a requisite of taste that trees is very remarkable. Here every variety should stand as prim as the lines of soldiers of surface is found; bold eminences, picturin a well-drilled regiment, or that walks esque and shaded dells, quiet valleys. should only be laid out with square angles The wildest portions are left for the most and in the most precise form.
part in their natural state, others have When we contrast the modern rural been highly improved; hence the grounds cemeteries of New England with the present that contrast, so desirable in land
Great credit is due to Howard Daniels, Esq., of New York, the civil engineer, as well as to the superintendent, Mr. John North. It is unusual to find such perfect harmony in landscape gardening; all the available natural beauties of the spot seem to have struck the quick eye of Mr. Daniels, and he has developed them to the best possible advantage.
The prominent position which is now assigned to Waterbury among
the manufacturing places of New England, gives a degree of interest to the early development of man. ufactures here.
Waterbury, from near the period of its first settlement, contained the elements of manufacturing spirit. During the war of the Revolution guns were made here by Lieutenant Ard Welton, who died in the present century, on his farm at Buck's Hill, (so called,) and where some of his descendants still reside. Joseph Hopkins, Esq., a man of some distinction, afterward a judge of the county court, was the inspector of the arms, under authority of the State. This Mr. Hopkins was originally a silversmith, and manufactured shoe and knee buckles, indispensable articles in the costume of the time. Af
ter his son Jesse had arscape, of native wildness with extreme | rived at man's estate, being rather discultivation. Here is a dell filled with bold satisfied with the slow method of castand picturesque rocks and native trees; ing buckles, which was one at a time, inbordering upon it a piece of closely shaven vented a mold to cast six. This astounded lawn, upon which is a splendid monument his father, who rebuked him in the strongin Italian marble of classic design ; the est terms, telling him that it was a device trees in its immediate neighborhood are of the Evil One, and boded no good. exotics, but the native rocks have been Fashion, however, soon afterward changed, preserved. The grounds are for the most and there was no longer a demand for part wooded, and afford every variety of buckles. native tree to be found in this vicinity. Ezra Bronson, Esq., a man of educa
SECOND CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH.