among the Wesleyans of England touching the preva- Mrs. Nobles, carried off at the same time, sank under lent practice of " lining" the hymns in public worship. the brutal treatment to which all three were subThe matter, however, seems to have been set at rest jected. ... A series of test experiments by so-called by a quotation from the “ Minutes of Conference" for spiritual mediums, in competition for the sum of 1844, in which year that body fully committed itself to *500, at Boston in the latter part of June, proved a the present custom, and expressed its "serious disap- coinplete failure. Dr. Gardner undertook the exbiproval of an innovation that had then been attempted, bition, and the committee of award were Benjamin only to the limited extent of "reading and singing a Pierce, Louis Agassiz, B. Gould, Jr., and E. N. whole verse of the hymn at once." . . According to Borsford. They unanimously report that no one conthe Minates of the Wesleyan Conference of South dition of the challenge was performed. Australia just published, that Conference bas 21,247 A recent report shows that upward of twelve millions members under its care, with 2,585 persons on trial. of bushels of salt are annually manufactured in the There are eighty preachers in fall standing, and forty United States. New York supplies 6,000,000; Virginia on probation. The Wesleyan Church is gaining 3,500,000; Ohio 1,000,000, and eight other states the ground in France. The Conference is to be held at residue. The Onondaga Solar Works usc 2,000,000 galLausanne this year. There will be a large increase of lons of brine daily for six months in the year, and someChurch members, and several new stations, among times 8,000,000 per day. About fifteen niillion bushels them Marseilles, will be recommended to conference. of salt are annually imported. The foreign salt is With one exception the places of worship bave pre- used almost exclusively for culinary and dairy purfectorial authorization. . . The IIon, and Rev. J. T. poses. The annual consumption of salt for all purposes Pelham, formerly rector of Marylebone, London, and in the United States is on the scale of sixty pounds to lately elected to the bishopric of Norwich, was pub- each individual; in Grcat Britain twonty-five pounds, licly consecrated in June last. He is a young man of and in France twenty-one and a ball pounds. Taking much piety, zeal, and talent. The Sunday even- Onondaga rates as the standard, the price of salt has grading preaching in Exeter Hall, London, by ministers ually advanced from seventy cents per barrel in 1819 of the Church of England, has proved eminently at- to $1 40 in 1856. . . . In the years 1856-57 the United tractive and beneficial to the class of persons on whose States Assistant Treasurer at Boston paid $353, 746 for behalf it was commenced. It is denounced by the fishing bounties, of which Massachusetts received High Church party, and is sustained by the Arch- $192,931, and Maine $161,977. . . On the 4th of July bishop of Canterbury, and the Bishops of London, navigation was formally opened between Lake Erie Norwich, and Ripon. . . The annual session of the and Niagara Falls by the Great Hydraulic Canal. British Wesleyan Conference is held at Liverpool, the Three steamers, the Signet, Swallow, and Alliance, sittings commencing on the last Wednesday in July. freighted with passengers, descended the river amid The stationing and other committees, in accordance triumphal rejoicings. . The late George IIays, Esq., with custom, met a week earlier.

of Philadelphia, left a large portion of his wealth for The executive committee of the British and founding of a Home for disabled, aged, and infirm Foreign Bible Society have at length decided to American mechanics. . . Mr. Russell, the well-known open the annual and all other meetings of the society Crimean correspondent of the London Times, Samuel with prayer. The resolution, however, before it can Lover, and S. C. Hall, will, it is said, visit the United be acted upon, must be concurred in by the society at States during the fall or winter. . . The Hon. Wil. its annual meeting in May. ... The Irish Wesleyan liam Larned Marcy, Secretary of State during PresiConference was opened on the 25th of June, when dent Pierce's administration, and for three successive Rev. Bishop Simpson and Rev. Dr. M'Clintock were terms Governor of the State of New York, was found introduced to the Conference by the Rev. Dr. Hannah. dead in his room at Ballston, on the forenoon of the Bishop Simpson presented the address of the General 4th of July. He had entered it in apparently his usual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and he health about half an hour before. Disease of the heart and Dr. M'Clintock delivered addresses. They were was supposed to be the canse of his death. His funeral very kindly and warmly received, and by acclamation took place at Albany on the 8th of July. Mr. Marcy the Conference requested the deputation to repeat was in bis seventy-sixth year. . . . Much of the immitheir remarks at a public meeting on the following gration to our Western States from Europe now comes Monday morning. . . The general secretaries of the by way of Canada. A recent return inade by the English Wesleyan Missionary Society have found it emigration Agent at Hamilton, Canala West, shows nocessary to publish an appeal to ministers to offer that of 9,414 immigrants who arrived there in June of thernselves for the mission work, so many mission the present year, only 2,193 remained in the province, stations being unsupplied. . At the late Confer- the reinaining passing into the United States. Or ence of the Methodist New Connection, held at Not- 12,568 who arrived from January 1 to May 31, only tingham, England, there was reported an increase of 857 remained in Canada. ... On the 14th of July, the 1,017 church members, with 2,004 on trial. At nearly central building of the State Lanatic Asylum at Utica the same time the Primitive Methodists held their was totally destroyed by fire. The institution conConference at Cambridge. They report 110,683 tained four hundred and seventy patients at the time, churcb members, and 598 traveling and 10,205 local who all escaped, and were mustered under guards in a proachers

neighboring grore. None escaped, nor were any hurt.

Dr. L. F. Rose of Utica, who was very active in ren. POLITICAL AND GENERAL.

dering aid, was so much burned that he died from his

injuries. The wings of the building were saved, where On the second of July the Court of Appeals of the

the patients were afterward reassembled. The fire State of New York decided (Judges Comstock and

commenced at eight o'clock in the morning. ... At Brown dissenting) that the Metropolitan Police Bill,

the state election in California, to be held in September, passed by the last Legislature, is constitutional, and

a direct popular vote will be taken on the question or therefore valid. On the following day the Mayors of

paying or repudiating the state debt. The California New York and Brooklyn withdrew their opposition to

papers generally express the belief that the debt will the bill, the former disbanding the municipal police,

be endorsed by the people. ... The New Granadian and the latter instructing the officers of the force to

minister at Washington has received instructions from report in future to the Metropolitan Police Commis

his government to settle, on the best terms he can, the sioners. . . . On the fourth and fifth of July disgrace

difficulty with the United States government, respect. ful riots took place in the city of New York. They ing the Panama riots. commenced on the Saturday morning and were renewed on the Sunday night. The parties to the fighting were GENERAL FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. two notorious rowdy associations, the "Dead Rabbits” or “Roche Guards," from the Five Points, and A fearful calamity occurred on the 26th of June, off the “Bowery Boys" or " Atlantic Guards." The dis- Cape Rouge, near Quebec. The steamer Montreal, turbance commenced by the former attacking a small with from four hundred to five hundred passengers, detachment of the new or Metropolitan Police, and mainly newly arrived immigrants from Scotland, took the latter taking part with the assailed. Bricks, stones, fire and was totally destroyed. From two hundred and fire arms were freely used, eight persons being and fifty to two hundred and seventy porsons perished killed and fifty or sixty seriously wounded. The riot in the flames or were drowned. The Hon. Stephen was finally quelled by the appearance of the military in C. Philips, or Salem, Mass., a much respected citizon, the streets. . . . Miss Gardiner, who was carried off by was among the lost. ... The Emperor of Austria has tho Wa-pe-tu-kak Indians, and retained in captivity published a decree concerling that at leist two thirds for some three months, was rescued by friendly In- of the public functionaries of Hungary shall be natives dians and brought to St. Paul, Minnesota, at the end of the province, and that the national language of of June. All her friends were massacred when Miss Hungary may be used in documents addressed to tho Gardiner was taken prisoner, and Mrs. Fletcher and government of Vienna. An amnesty for all political prisoners is also promised. . . . Pope Pius IX has abolish the office of Lord Lieutenant of Ireland was just completed a tour of the Roman states, of which pegatived by a vote of 266 to 115. . . On the night of there is much complaint that the people were not al- June 29 an insurrection was attempted at Genoa but lowed freely to present their grievances to him. At

was promptly repressed, the government having preLoretto, after a religious service, the pope ordered & vious information of it. It appears to have been large number of indulgences, printed or written on rather personal than political, being directed against small slips of paper, to be thrown among the crowd.

the King of Naples and the pope, and the Austrian There was a great rush for them in the belief that the Holy Father was dispensing charity, and that these

troops in Italy. The conspirators seem to have had

no plan for a government. . . . At a balf-yearly meet. were orders for bread or for small sums of money, and ing of the proprietors of the Eastern Steam Navigation finding them to be only indulgences, the people's dis- Company, held in July, it was reported official that appointinent showed itself in personal disrespect to the the mammoth steamship Great Eastern would be pontif. .

... The British House of Commons have by ready to lannch in September, and would make her large: inajority again passed a bill releasing Jews from

trial trip to Portland, Maine, in the April following. the oath which disabled them from entering Parlia

The net produce of the revenue of Great Britain for ment. The measure was so qualified, however, that

the year ending on the 30th of June, 1857, was no Jew can 'hold any ecclesiastical preferment or in

£72,060,921, being an increase upon the year 1856 of any way control church affairs. The bill, however, $1,827,042. : The present year will be remarkablo as thus modified, has been rejected by the House of

in the annals of British rule in India; the prophecy Lords. . . . An idea of the immense magnitude and resources of the refresbient department of the Crystal

so often uttered, that the native army of Bengal would

yet strike the severest blow at British power in InPalace at Sydenhain, may be formed from the fact that on the 17th of June (one of the days of the great

dia being apparently in process of fulfillment. AdHandel festival, when Victoria was present) the de

vices from India by the overland mail, which brought partment, before six o'clock in the evening, had sup

up the accounts to the 27th of May, show that from plied six thousand dinners and luncheons, " very many

Calcutta to Lahore the troops of the presidency are thousand pints of sherry wine," and eight hundred

either in open mutiny or verging thereapon, and that quarts of ice cream, without any confusion. ... The

at Meerut, Delhi, and Ferozepore they had thrown gipsies of England, being crowded out of the road-side

off all allegiance, and had massacred, amid other terspots, and moorlands, and by-lanes, by the increased

rible atrocities, all the Europeans who had fallen into occupancy of vacant lands, are quietly mixing with

their hands. A native king had been proclaimed at the settled population. They prove to be good neigh- undisputed possession. The canse assigned for the

Delhi, which city the mutineers held in absolute and bors and excellent farm servants, ... Prince Albert, now created Prince Consort of England, has recently

origin of this mutiny is curious, but there seems to presided over an Educational Convention with much

be ample reason for suspecting that the ostensible earnestness and good judgment. In the course of his

reason for insurrection was but a pretest, and that

the determination to rebel had been for some time enopening address he made the following statement:

tertained. "In 1801 there were in England and Wales, of public

A troop of the third regiment of native schools, 2,876; of private schools, 457: total 8,863. In

cavalry, who had complained that contrary to their 1851 (the year of the Census) there were in England

religious tenets animal fat had been used in the prepand Wales, of public schools, 15,518; of private schools,

aration of their cartridges, were ordered on parade to 80,524: total, 46,042; giving instruction in all to

load and fire with the cartridges supplied from gov. 2,144,878 scholars; of whom 1,423,992 belong to public

ernment, but with a specific and distinct assurance schools, and 721,396 to the private schools. The rate

that the complaint they had formerly made was onof progress is further illustrated by statistics which

founded. Only five out of ninety men composing the show that in 1818 the proportion of day scholars to the

troop obeyed the order. The eighty-five who disopopulation was 1 in 17; in 1833, 1 in i1; and in 1851,

beyed it were tried by conrt martial and sentenced to i in 8." ... We are told that the total population in

& term of imprisonment varying from five to ten England and Wales of children between the ages of

years. On the 9th of May, before & brigade parade, three and fifteen being estimated at 4,908,696, only

the sentence was carried into effect. Tbe cighty-five 2,046,848 attend school at all, while 2,861,848 receive

troopers were publicly ironed and conveyed to prison. no instruction whatever. At the same time an analy.

On the following day, Sunday, May 10, the whole sis of the scholars with reference to the length of time

regiment rose in rebellion, and being joined by the allowed for their school tuition shows that 42 per cent.

bazar and town people, as well as by the two native of them have been at school less than one year ; 22 per

infantry regiments cantoned in Meerut, liberated cent, during one year; 15 per cent. during two years;

their comrades and some twelve hundred other pris. 9 per cent. during three years; 5 per cent during four

oners. Then commenced a horrible massacre. Meeyears; and 4 per cent. during five years. Therefore

rut is a large native military station. It was soon in out of the two millions of scholars alluded to, more

flames. Every European officer was shot, and the than one million and a half remain only two years at

Enropean women and children were butchered, after school. . . . From a protest that has recently been

being the victims of even worse outrages.

The mumade by Sir Charles Barry, the architect of the new

tineers were ultimately dispersed by European troops, English House of Parliament, against a decision of the and fled to Delhi, forty iniles distant, where «von Lords of the Treasury, on his claims for remuneration, more horrible scenes were enacted. The garrison of it appears that the building has been in progress for that city was entirely native. They joined in the twenty years, covers more than eight acres of gronnd, mutiny, a company of artillery, however, stipulating contains 1,150 rooms, 19 halls, 126 staircases, and more for the safety of their European officers. The infantthan two miles of corridors, passages, etc. More than ry, of which there were three regiments, showed no £2,000,000 (sny $10,000,000) bare already been ex- such feeling, and their officers were all shot. Every pended npon it, and £103,861 are appropriated this European who fell into the bands of the mutineers year for works in process of completion. It is said was massacred. They appear to have carefully arthat the sum of £304,000 at least will be required to ranged their outbreak. They obtained possession of complete the building, and that the body of the edifice the powder magazines, bnt at the critical moment, a is already showing signs of decay. This enormous ex- young officer of the artillery (Lieutenant G. D. Wilpenditure was made the subject of an earnest debate loughby) fired them, and the explosion produced in the House of Commons in committee of supply. . fearful destruction among the mutineers. There are The projected railway to India through Assyria will, conflicting rumors as to whether Lieutenant Wilit is expected, ultimately be joined to Egypt by a line loughby perished in the catastrophe. The mutineers to Alexandria, Should this expectation be realized, also possessed themselves of the treasure in the Bank the prediction of Isaiah, says one, will be literally fal. of Delhi. The city at the last advices was held by the Alled: “In that time there shall be a highway out insurgents. In this outbreak some ten native regi. of Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrian shall come into ments, or parts of regiments, making an aggregate of Egypt, and the Egyptian into Assyria. In that day eight thousand men, have disappeared from the Benshall Israel be third with Egypt and Assyria.",

gal army.

Besides these 8 regiment of native infantry The elections in France in June, always held on a at Calcutta has been disbanded as no longer to be reSunday, resulted, with but five or six exceptions, in lled upon. The government in England are evidently favor of the government, as was to be expected. alarmed at the state of things, as the soldiers disOn Sunday and Monday, July 5 and 6, the elections patched to China are ordered to India, in addition to took place in Paris for the three districts which failed ten thousand troops from England. Similar mutinous to give an absolute majority on the first trial. The manifestations had been made at Lucknow, at Lahore, opposition candidates, Cavaignac, Ollivier, and Dari- and at other points. Adequate measures had been mon, werg elected over the government candidates by taken, however, by the government against the spread a majority of about one thousand each. ... In tbe of the mutiny, and probably for the present it will British House of Commons, on July 7, tho motion to be suppressed. But the end is not.

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call any period extending back to the the line of the street, was an ample horse earlier memories of that noted personage, shed, in accordance with the fashion of the “oldest inhabitant,” there stood upon those days. Altogether the establishment the northern side of West Main-street, in was a good representation of the New Waterbury, a short distance from Center | England inn of the olden time. Square, a house known as “the old Judd This particular locality is not without a House,” which was for a long period of certain degree of interest in the early hisyears the only inn of the village. The tory of Waterbury. It was upon this house was red, and a capacious stoop ex- spot that the first English child was born tended across its front; at one corner was in this place, and, indeed, I may say in a venerable weeping elm. In immediate this portion of the state. This English

Vol. XI.-22


child was Rebecca, daughter of Thomas of state," and liked, I believe, himself (as and Mary Richardson, and was born April who does not ?) to be of some importance 27th, 1679.

in the commonwealth. On the occasion Captain Judd, the proprietor of this of Washington's visit he was free in his house for many years, was an officer in communicative suggestions, as well as inthe French and Indian war. The captain terrogatories in regard to public matters. was a decided character, and many anec- The general was not disposed to be talkadotes of him were in circulation a few tive, listened well, but said little. The years since, for the most part unknown to judge was rather annoyed; at last the the present residents of Waterbury who are general, with an air of mysterious import, not “to the manor born." The old Judd said, “ Judge Hopkins, can you keep a House was kept as a tavern from 1773 up secret?" to the time of the captain's death in 1825. The judge was on tip-toe ; deliberating

Captain Judd was a complacent land for a moment to give weight to his asserlord when“ the cap was on the right ear," tion, and to show that he did not solicit and his unwavering reply to all suggestions confidence, “I think," said he, “I think, was, “ That's well, sir.” Late in life, general, that I can." after he had become quite deaf, the son “ So can I,” said General Washington ; of an old friend at a distance called to pass and here the conversation ended. the night. After the usual compliments It is a singular fact that all the buildthe captain inquired for his old friend. ings which belonged to tne “Old Judd

My father is dead, sir," was the reply. place” were destroyed by fire. In the “That's well, sir," with unmoved com- first place, the barn and sheds were struck posure.

by lightning and burned. On one of Raising his voice, the man again re- the most fearful and boisterous nights of marked, “ My father is dead, sir.”

the winter of 1833, the inhabitants of the " That's well,” was again the response. village were aroused from their slumbers

A third and last time the man shouted at by the startling cry of “fire.”. The wind his highest pitch,“ My father is dead, sir.” | howled pitilessly through the streets,

With stolid face the old man looked driving the falling snow before its blast. calmly on, and again reiterated, “ That's So severe was the storm that many neigh. well, sir,” to the entire discomfiture of bors living in the immediate vicinity of his guest. Whether this may be entirely the catastrophe were not awakened from attributed to deafness, or a large part to their slumbers. The feeble voice of man the old man's well-known obstinacy, is a seemed lost in the raging of the elequestion.

ments. During the war of the Revolution Cap- At the moment of the first alarm the tain Judd's inn was repeatedly occupied " Old Judd House" was discovered a by detachments of the American forces. mass of flame. With great difficulty a On one occasion the French troops passed portion of the inmates made their esthrough here eight thousand in number, cape, but two beautiful children of Mr. accompanied by Lafayette and other dis- Holmes, the occupant at that time and tinguished officers. General Washington descendant of the original proprietor, perwas also here, on one or more occasions. ished in the flames. A young man named In those days there lived in a house but a John N. Tuttle made an effort to rescue few rods west of Captain Judd's upon the the sleeping children, and lost his life in ground now occupied by the residence of the attempt. The citizens of Waterbury S. M. Buckingham, Esq., a certain Judge erected a monument upon the spot where Hopkins, who was one of the leading the three victims were interred in the old men of the place, a person of considerable burial ground. The monument is indignity of manner, and doubtless not want- scribed on one side to John N. Tuttle, ing among other qualities in self-esteem. with the following lines from the pen of

The judge was very hospitable, and on Mrs. Sigourney: the occasions of Washington's and Lafay- " Thou who yon sleeping babes to save ette's visits here he extended the hospi

Didst sink into a fiery grave, talities of his house to these distinguished

When the last flame with vengeance dread,

Hath on the pomp of heroes fed, guests. He took a great interest in pub

A deed like this, undimm'd and bright, lic affairs, had a keen relish for the “ cares Shall stand before the Judge's sight.”


The opposite side of the monument is The medical society of Connecticut is in. inscribed to the lost children, with the fol- debted to him as one of its founders.” lowing lines from the same gifted writer : Doctor Hopkins enjoyed a considerable “The midnight fire was fierce and red,

literary reputation ; in fact, was eminent Sweet babes, that wrapp'd your sleeping bed; among the writers at that day. Among But He who oft with favoring ear

his associates were Trumbull, Barlow, Had bow'd your early prayers to hear,

Humphreys, Dwight, and others. The Received, beyond this mortal shore, The sister souls to part no more.”

" Anarchiad" is said to have been written The “ Old Judd House” thus disap- also had a hand in the · Echo,' the ‘Po

by Hopkins, Trumbull, and Barlow. “He peared, and a more modern edifice was

litical Green-House,' and many satirical erected in its place, still occupied by the

poems of that description, in which he had descendants of the original proprietor. | for his associates Richard Alsop, TheoAn old elm which stood nearly in front dore Dwight, and a number of others.” of the house, and which had extended its The following quaint epitaph upon a pashadow over the heroes of the Revolution, tient killed by a cancer quack, is from the struggled manfully for life after the fire,


of Doctor Hopkins : notwithstanding its seared condition. On the one side it presented only a charred “Here lies a fool flat on his back, trunk, but still it continued to send forth

The victim of a cancer quack;

Who lost his money and his life its fresh branches and verdure, but within

By plaster, caustic, and by knife. the last two or three years the old tree The case was this: a pimple rose has disappeared, and with it the last vest- Southeast a little of his nose, ige of “ the Old Judd place."

Which daily redden'd and grew bigger,

As too much drinking gave it vigor. “ Samuel Hopkins, D.D., an eminent

A score of gossips soon insure divine, was born in this town September Full three score different modes of cure; 17, 1721. He lived with his parents, em- But yet the full-fed pimple still ployed in the labors of agriculture, until he

Defied all petticoated skill;

When fortune led him to peruse entered his fifteenth year; and such was

A hand-bill in the weekly news, the purity of manners among the youth of

Sign'd by six fools of different sorts, this place that he had never heard from All cured of cancers made of warts; them a profane expression.* He entered Who recommend with due submission Yale College in 1737, and was graduated

This cancer-monger as magician.

Fear wing'd his flight to find the quack, in 1741."

And prove his cancer-curing knack; Doctor Samuel Hopkins, a distin- But on his way he found another, guished physician and poet, was also a na- A second advertising brother;

But as much like him as an owl tive of Waterbury, where he was born

Is unlike every handsome fowl ; June 19, 1750. It is said that Doctor

Whose fame had raised him as broad a fog, Hopkins was led to the study of medicine And of the two the greater hog; from observing symptoms of pulmonary

Who used a still more magic plaster, complaint in some of his young compan

That sweat, forsooth, and cured the faster.

The doctor view'd, with mooney eyes, ions, being aware, at the same time, that

And scowled up face, the pimple's size; there was a hereditary predisposition to Then christend it in solemn answer, the same disease in his own family. It is And cried, " This pimple's name is cancer; singular that he should at last have fallen

But courage, friend, I see you're pale, a victim to the experiment of a new remedy

My sweating plasters never fail ;

I've sweated hundreds out with ease, in his own case for the same disease.

With roots as long as maple trees, " Doctor Hopkins was a physician of And never fail'd in all my trials— great skill and reputation. His memory

Behold these samples here in vials, was so retentive that he could quote every

Preserved, to show my wondrous merits,

Just as my liver is—in spirits. writer he had read, whether medical or lit

For twenty joes the cure is done." erary, with the same readiness that a cler- The bargain struck, the plaster on, gyman quotes the Bible. In his labors for Which gnaw'd the cancer at its leisure, scientific purposes he was indefatigable.

And pain'd his face above all measure.
But still the pimple spread the faster,

And swell'd like toad that meets disaster; • A friend of the writer, who flourished at a Thus foil'd, the doctor gravely swore, later period, has suggested to him that Mr. Hop- It was a right rose-cancer sore ; kins's acquaintance must have been limited, or Then stuck his probe beneath the beard, that he could rarely have been out evenings. And show'd him where the leaves appear'd;

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