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George Mogridge: his Life, Character, and Writings. By REV. CHARLES WILLIAMS. OLD HUMPHREY is a name well known in both hem

ispheres. It was the pseudonym chosen by George Mogridge, the author of an almost countless number of tracts, books for children, and larger volumes, quaint in style, but captivating, and read by thousands. Soon after his death there was published in London, and reprinted in this country, a "Memoir of Old Humphrey, with gleanings from his Portfolio in Prose and Verse." The memoir was meager, and the gleanings of little value. This more extended biography is an exceedingly wellwritten and interesting narrative. The following incident in the early life of Mr. Mogridge had an enduring influence upon his future course, and is worth transcribing as an illustration of the value of an hour:

"George was busy in making a boat out of a piece of wood with his penknife, when his father came suddenly into the room, took away the knife and the wood, and, placing a small snail on the middle of a large round table, said, 'Now it is just three o'clock, and I want you to do nothing until the snail has crawled to the edge of the table; so do not stir from your seat until he has finished his travels.' With this charge he locked the door, and left George well pleased that he had only to watch the progress of the snail.

"For a time he was gratified, as with his elbows on the table, and his cheeks resting on his hands, he sat looking at the little traveler. At length, however, he became tired of watching, and heartily wished the snail would quicken his movements. But this it would not do; on the contrary, it made longer stops than before, and he thought he had never seen so lazy a creature. He now fumbled in his pockets, but neither top, whipcord, nor marble was there to soothe his disquietude. Then he whistled a tune, snapped his fingers, looked at the cracks in the ceiling, and counted the flowers on the paper border that ran round the room. He listened to the sound of a broad-wheeled wagon, and watched a crow flying at a distance; but dull and heavy was their progress, when, once more looking at the snail, it was actually within an inch of the edge of the table. Afraid that it should make another stop, he blew gently on it, when the provoking creature drew in its horns for such a long time that he thought it would not put them out again. He was now absolutely ill-tempered, and thought he was very ill-used.

"Once more the snail was near the table-edge, and George was in a shiver lest he should go back again, when, as it dragged the last part of its tail from the top of the table, his father entered with his watch in his hand, saying it was just four o'clock, and that he would give him a model, made by a sailor who was waiting in the kitchen, of a man-of-war, valued at seven shillings, if he would dig over the piece of ground he would mark out, in another hour. And now the hour-glass was turned, that there might be no error as to time.

"In another minute George's coat was off, and his spade in his hand. He was almost frightened at first

by the extent of the ground; but what a long time he had found an hour to be, and how much better it was to dig than to keep looking out at that tormenting snail Then he thought of the vessel beautifully painted, with its masts, and sails, and rigging, and he fancied he saw it already floating gallantly across the pond.

"Digging as fast as he could, George thought all around him was in a bustle. A rattle placed in a tree to frighten the birds, went round unusually fast; the clouds were blown by the winds swiftly along the skies; the swallows darted over his head; a postchaise dashed along the road as though the horses were in full gallop, and the man who came to the gate with his fiddle annoyingly played in double-quick time.

"But now, alas! the sailor was going, for Mr. Mogridge declined to purchase the ship. George thought he had not yet worked half an hour; his father took him to the sun-dial, and it was five o'clock. As if this could be in error, he ran to the hour-glass, but the last grain of sand had run out, and when he looked at the clock at the head of the stairs it was striking the time with all its might. Long afterward he said, 'If I live these hundred years, I shall not forget my astonishment and disappointment. The lesson impressed on my mind was impressed there forever, nor have I since

required anything to remind me that, however slowly time may move with those who have nothing to do, it runs rapidly enough with all who are fully employed.'"

DR. WHEDON'S Collegiate and Popular Addresses have been collected and published in a small volume, by Carlton & Porter. They are nine in number; most of them were favorably noticed at the time of their delivery, and all of them are marked by originality of thought and the author's characteristic boldness of expression. The doctor has a facility for coining new words which is sometimes, not always, felicitous. On half a page of a baccalaureate delivered at the University of Michigan we mark benedictory, the gnaw of remorse, every revolve of the glass, Kaleidoscopic splendor. This last will do, as it is legitimately formed and expressive; but benedictory seems as if it came from benedict, a newly married man; and gnaw and revolve, used as nouns, are hardly necessary, and necessity is the only legitimate plea for new coinage in the mint of words.

The Trustees of the Garrett Biblical Institute have published A Manual of Information, comprising a statement of facts relative to the origin, design, and prospects of that theological school. It is situated at Evanston, near Chicago, in the State of Illinois; and through the liberality of the late Mrs. ELIZA GARRETT, has an ample fund for the erection of suitable buildings, and the endowment of the necessary professorships. In January, 1855, a building, with accommodations for forty or fifty students, was completed, and the first term of the new Seminary commenced. By the General Conference of 1856, the institution was formally recognized, and resolutions were adopted, requiring the trustees to report, quadrennially, to that body, and requesting the bishops of the Church to act as an Advisory Committee to the Trustees of the Institute. The whole number of students during the past year has been forty. The average number in constant attendance, about twenty. No charge is made for tuition, and board is furnished at a very low rate. The Trustees propose also to furnish gratuitously, board as well as tuition, to such young men (not exceeding five at one time) as shall be selected for foreign missionary work. With ref

erence to the location of the Institution, the glad by your coming, stay not so long as to make them Trustees say:

still more glad by your going away.

"Grant that Chicago is a thousand miles from the Atlantic coast, and in the heart of a comparatively new country. Is it not also a thousand miles from the western border of a tributary American population? In short, throwing out of view the regions south of the Ohio River and west of the Rocky Mountains, also New England, already provided with an excellent Institution of this class, is it not in the very heart and center of our country, and especially of the Methodist Episcopal Church? Already the center of the population of the United States is as far west as Ohio, and its continued westward movement is fast bringing it to the parallel of Lake Michigan. Every year sends beyond Chicago a population sufficient to form one or more new states, and promising not only to fill the states and territories already organized, but to organize and populate a dozen more within the next quarter of a century."

Tediousness,' as a writer of eminent abilities observes, 'is the fault that most generally displeases; since it is a fault that is felt by all, and by all equally. You may offend your reader or hearer in one respect, and please him in another; but if you tire him out by your tediousness you give him unmingled disgust.'

"A book can do but little good if it be but little read; a destiny that befalls almost every book that is found to be unnecessarily prolix and bulky. This was the error of a former age. The massy folios of the last century but one, folios written by men of great talents and astonishing learning, have lain as lumber and been confined to the shelves of the curious, for no other reason than because every thread has been spun out to the greatest possible length. Whereas, had the

The faculty of the Institution are, at present, Dr. Dempster, professor of Systematic Theology; Dr. Kidder, professor of Practical Theology; Dr. Bannister, professor of Greek, and Hebrew, and Sacred Literature; and Rev. J. K. Johnston, principal of the preparatory department. The faculty will be strengthened as the demands of the institution require; and in the meantime, young men who may be called by the great Head of the Church to the holy work of the yond what need requires, from a mistaken ambition Writers sometimes eke out their subject far beministry, are cordially invited, from all parts of making a great book. But readers of the present of the land, to avail themselves of its advan-age generally lean to the sentiment in the old Greek tages, and we are assured that, while it will be proverb, A great book is a great evil. It frightens them; they will scarcely open it, and much less the aim of the trustees and faculty to maintain set themselves to the task of reading it throughout. the institution upon a connectional basis, they will avoid whatever could tend to invest it with

highly respected authors learned to be short, or given heed to the art of compressing their thoughts, they never would have wanted readers.

a sectional character. With all the colleges, seminaries, and academies of the Church, together with the preachers, and the several annual conferences, they will seek to maintain the most cordial relations, and they will welcome with equal joy students from all parts of the Church.

"Thus, in this respect, it is with books as with money. As small change, in quick and constant circulahoarded up, so a small book that has a great many readtion, does more good than ingots of gold and silver ers is, if truly a good one, of much more benefit than a volume of enormous bulk, which for that single reason is scarcely read at all. Nay, I will even venture to affirm, that the Bible itself would be much less read, and read with much less delight, were it one and indivisible. But the Bible, though bound together in one volume, is not a single book, but a collection of sixtyeight different books, all penned with brevity, as well as with inimitable simplicity; and arresting the attention, alike by the weight of their matter and their engagingness of manner.

be

"Speak, young man, if there he need of thee, but is a monitory saying of the son of Sirach, which, together with the two following short sayings of that eminent sage, Learn before thou speak, We may speak much and yet come short, composes a very good recipe for young men to carry about, and make use of as occasion may require.

"Speeches in the forum, pleas at the bar, and even sermons, when they are of immoderate length, seldom their own credit as little as they do the feelings of fail to be tiresome. So that public speakers consult their hearers, when they are more solicitous to say much, than that everything they do say should be to the purpose.

"Whether in visits, in public speaking, or in common conversation, all can discern and reprobate the fault of tediousness as respects others; and yet very few are fully aware of it as respects themselves. Their own company is, forsooth, so delightful, that their visits can never tire; they themselves speak so well that nobody can wish them to have done; they talk so charmingly that their own loquaciousness always gives entertainment rather than disgust.

Thus it is that some men, otherwise of good sense, unconsciously give pain by their prolixity, though, in regard to the prolixity of anybody but themselves, their taste is delicate even to squeamishness."

We have omitted to notice a book that has been a long time on our table. It is entitled, The Brief Remarker on the Ways of Man, by EZRA SAMPSON. It is a series of short essays, plain, pointed, and for the most part practical, on a great variety of topics relating to domestic affairs and the economy of human life. There are more than a hundred essays within the space of less than five hundred pages in the clear open type of the Appletons. As a specimen of the author's style and general drift, we copy his brief essay "On Brevity:"

"Dr. Cotton Mather, of venerated memory, in order to escape the calamity of tedious visits, wrote over the door of his study, in large letters, BE short. A pithy sentence, in truth, it is, and well worthy of remembrance in a great many more cases than I can now enumerate.

"In time long past the lord of a manor upon one of the banks of the Hudson is said to have had a way of his own to clear his house of visitors. When his tenants, to whom he was affable and courteous, seemed disposed to prolong the visits which they now and then made him, he dropped the Dutch tongue, and began to speak to them in English: whereupon, the honest Dutchmen, understanding the signal, hied away.

"But the sage counsel, BE SHORT, app ies not to visitors alone. It might be made of like precious use to authors and public speakers, who too often lack one valuable kind of knowledge, namely, that of discerning when to have done.'

"The interchange of friendly visits is one of the most precious sweets of life. But then it must not be overdone; else it becomes irksome and disgusting. Hence, in the book of the Wise Man we meet with the following wholesome counsel: Withdraw thy foot from thy neighbor's house, lest he be weary of thee.' Now the necessary discipline of the foot, which is here inculcated, is, if I may presume to comment, of the following import: Beware of spinning out your friendly visits beyond due length. Retire, if you perceive any necessary business which your stay might interrupt; retire, ere the family, after an hour's yawning, begin to steal off one by one to bed; retire, ere plain symptoms of weariness appear in the countenance of the little circle you are visiting; retire, ere, in some indescribable manner or other, it be manifested that your room would be more welcome than your company. When you have made your friends

The American Bible Union, as our friends of the Baptist persuasion call themselves, are still at work in translating the New Testament. The Epistle to the Hebrews has just made its appearance. It is remarkable, mainly, for the substitution of "immersions" for baptisms in chapter vi, 2, for washings in ix, 10, and for

a few other alterations, most of which, so far as we are capable of judging, are not improvements. In chapter i, 3, instead of "the express image of his person," the new translators give us "the exact image of Him," which strikes us as tame, and as not conveying the whole meaning of the original. In the same chapter, verse 14, the word "aid" is far less expressive than "minister for," as we have it in the old-fashioned Bibles. The apostle's wellknown definition of faith, in chapter xi, 1, is thus rendered in the new version: "Now faith is confidence as to things hoped for, conviction as to things not seen.' On the whole, the alterations in the new version are not so numerous as might have been expected, although quite sufficient to prevent it from ever becoming popular with any large body of Christians.

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and "Shirley." It exhibits, however, many of Miss Bronte's peculiarities, and will be prized by her admirers.

The

Sowing Wheat. This is a very important season for the farmer, and he will be busy making preparations for sowing his wheat. It is the result of general experience, that early sown wheat is not so apt to be winter killed as that which is sown late; the sowing should not be delayed beyond the middle of the month. Many fail in a thorough preparation of the soil. If sod, it should be well turned over, and harrowed two or three times. The seed is generally sown too shallow, and much of it consequently thrown out by winter frosts. After having cross plowed the ground, sow the seed in the furrow, and harrow it in with a heavy harrow. This will set the seed deep; and though it will not come up so quick, it will take a firmer hold of the ground, and be less liable to be thrown out. No doubt more wheat can be grown on a given surface where it is drilled in; but this requires the use of expensive machinery, which, however, thus far, has not met with much favor among our farmers. Wheat, before being planted, is usually washed or steeped, chiefly with a view to prevent smut. A great many preparations have been recommended for this purpose, but the

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Farm and the Flower-Garden.

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ally the larger ones, are every summer nearly destroyed by worms; and it can scarcely have escaped observation that the same kinds of trees in the country are almost untouched. Now why is this? Chiefly because of the absence of birds in the one case, and their presence in the other. The birds, in fact, are among the farmer's best friends; and yet we often see them destroyed in the most wanton and cruel manner. It is said, in defense, that they destroy fruit, pull up corn, etc. Suppose they do to a limited extent, are not their services in the destruction of insects of incalculably more value than the fruit they consume? They are your workmen in an important sense, and "the laborer is worthy of his hire." Spare, then, the birds, and let there be an end of the wanton barbarity of boys (even of a larger growth) destroying these innocent songsters of the homestead and the woods.

The subject reminds us that we have seen a statement in a foreign periodical, that many gardeners rear bantams especially for the destruction of worms and insects in the garden. They are furnished with stockings to prevent them from scratching, and are thus made very useful members of the horticultural profession.

A Good Improvement for the Grapery. We recently visited the grapery of William W. Crane, Esq., a highly intelligent and successful amateur, and were greatly pleased with a new arrangement for the support of his vines. As the improvement has not been patented, and is valuable to the community, we presume we do no wrong in describing it for the benefit of the readers of THE NATIONAL. The usual support for vines consists in wires run parallel with the rafters, where they remain as permanent fixtures. The new arrangement is a very simple one, and is made as follows: Eyed screws are inserted in the rafters eighteen inches apart; in these eyed screws are placed hooks about six inches long, in the form of an elongated S, which support wires about a quarter of an inch in diameter, or as much heavier as may be deemed necessary. The wires are thus placed at right angles with the rafters, instead of being parallel, as in the usual method. The vines are trained on the upper side of the wires. The advantages of this arrangement, among others, are, that the cost is much less than the common method; the leader, after being started right, requires no tying, but pursues a straight course to the top of the house; greater convenience for tying out laterals, summer pruning, thinning out, etc., and not least, the fact that the whole arrangement can be removed in less than ten minutes, a matter of no small importance when the house is used for other purposes besides growing grapes, and a great convenience under any circumstances. On the whole, the arrangement is the simplest, cheapest, and most perfect that we have yet seen. As we are pretty strong advocates for the renewal system of growing grapes, we were much pleased to see it so satisfactorily carried out by Mr. Crane. We not only regard it as the best in itself, but as involving the least trouble of any. Another peculiarity of this grapery is, that the floor of the house is some four feet below the level of the ground, the vines being

planted inside; and as the mode of planting the vines has a peculiar bearing on some very popular theories, we feel no little interest in the experiment; thus far it has been entirely satisfactory. Another noticeable thing was the entire absence of mildew, red spider, and insects of all kinds, as well as dead dogs and horses; how far the one was owing to the other we are not just now prepared to say. As Mr. Crane has struck out boldly into a new course, we cannot but wish him such a measure of success as should reward the labors of an enthusiastic amateur; for his success cannot be otherwise than a benefit to the community. We wish other wealthy amateurs would follow his example, and devote a portion of their means and personal attention to experiments calculated to throw light on the mysterious operations of vegetable growth.

Summer and Fall Pears.-We purpose soon giving an article on the best mode of keeping pears during the winter. At present we would make a few suggestions in regard to ripening summer and fall pears: we know that a great deal of misapprehension exists on this subject. We have seen some of the most delicious pears put in the stew-pan, simply from want of knowledge how to ripen them. Pears ripen better off the tree than on it; we shall not at present stop to inquire why this is so; that point we shall discuss hereafter; let it suffice that such is the fact. Some kinds, however, should be picked sooner than others; Dearborn's Seedling, for instance, will ripen in two or three days, and should be picked just as the color has changed from green to yellow. Madeline and Rostiezer generally require a little longer to ripen; and the Bartlett somewhat longer than either. The last should be picked upon the first appearance of change of color, and even before. The Rostiezer is a dark-colored pear, but the shaded side is of a dark green, and the fruit should be picked as soon as this begins to take on a yellowish tinge. It requires a good deal of observation and experience to know precisely when to pick the different varieties of pears, especially those that ripen in summer and early autumn; a mistake can hardly be made in this respect in late fall and winter pears. Those not familiar with the ripening period of the different kinds of pears, would do well to make a catalogue of their collections, and in it note the time of ripening of each. This would prevent the recurrence of many mistakes. When picked, the fruit should be put in a cool, dark room, examined from day to day, and the ripe specimens removed for use. A pantry or closet will answer the purpose very well; but it is a bad practice to put fruit in a drawer with clothes. A little attention to these particulars will insure the ripening of pears in a very satisfactory manner. The pear is one of the most luscious fruits that grows; but comparatively few enjoy it in its delicious ripeness, in consequence of not knowing how to mature it. Those who read this article will no longer have that excuse to make.

Celery. Our article on this subject was crowded out last month. Our object was to recommend growing it principally in beds, in which man

ner more can be grown on a given surface than in trenches, and without the labor of lifting it for preservation during the winter. It is now, however, too late to plant, and we therefore give some brief directions in regard to earthing or blanching in trenches, the usual mode of growing celery. There are two modes of blanching one is to draw the earth up to the plants from time to time while they are growing; the other is to defer the earthing until the plants are nearly full grown. We prefer the first method. Success in cultivating celery depends mostly on inducing a rapid growth; and to insure this, an abundant supply of manure and frequent stirring of the soil are indispensable. Watering with liquid manure is very beneficial. The hoe should be used as soon as the plants have fairly begun to grow, and the ground kept loose and free from weeds. The nts will be greatly benefited by stirring the soil immediately after a rain. As soon as rapid growth has become established, or when the plants are about a foot high, the process of earthing may be begun. As the leaves and stalks grow in a spreading manner, it is necessary, in the first place, to collect the stalks in one hand, and with the other draw up some earth and press it against the plant just hard enough to keep the stalks together. The hoe may then be used to complete the process, but the crown or heart of the plant must not be covered until the blanching is finished late in the fall. The earthing must be repeated from time to time as the plants progress in growth, and it should be done during dry weather, since, if the earth is wet, the celery is apt to become "rusted." In our next number we shall give directions as to the best mode of keeping celery during the winter.

Vegetables.-Lettuce, radishes, spinach, bush beans, etc., may still be planted for fall use. Spinach may be planted at intervals for several weeks.

Winter flowering Annuals.-There are a number of very pretty annuals that will flower well during the winter, and now is the time to sow the seed. Among the best may be named Sweet Alyssum, Mignonnette, Clarkia nereifolia, Lobelia gracilis, Nemophila, Schizanthus, and Iberis umbellata. At this season of the year the seed should be sown in pots, in a light rich mold, and carefully and regularly watered. The pots may be plunged in the ground, which will prevent the soil from drying off too rapidly. As soon as the plants have got out of the seed leaf they should be potted off. This is done by inverting the pot, and knocking gently on the edge, when the ball of earth will come out entire. By gently pressing the ball of earth it will break up, and the plants may be readily separated. These should be put in small sized pots, the Clarkia, Schizanthus, and Iberis always singly; but the others may be planted singly or three or four together. As soon as the small pots become filled with roots, a shift should be made to a five or six inch pot. This is done by turning out the ball of earth as before. Have ready some good rich mold and some potsherds. Cover the hole in the bottom of the pot, put in some mold, then the ball of earth containing the plant, and fill in around

the sides of the pot, giving it an occasional jar to settle the earth. The ball of earth must be no deeper in the large pot than it was in the small one. Give a good watering, and set the pots where they will get plenty of light and air. They are well calculated to be grown in rooms wherever a little sunshine can be had, and we recommend them to all who have this at command. Annuals grown in this way give a constant bloom during the winter months, and cheer us with their floral smiles while the winter winds are careering over the bleak and barren fields.

THE WORLD AT LARGE.
A map of busy life,
Its fluctuations and its vast concerns.-COWPER.

RELIGIOUS AND ECCLESIASTICAL.

THE Mormon missionaries, recently sent out from Utah to England, Italy, Denmark, and other countries, passed through New York city and stayed some days. A meeting of "Saints" welcomed them. The missionaries appeared to be plain, illiterate men, and indulged in much invective against the United States, grounded on the expectation that the government contemplated taking the administration of the affairs of the territory more directly into its own hands, and removing Brigham Young from the gubernatorial office. The literary tastes and attainments of these emissaries of fanaticism may be judged of by the doggerel rhymes, in the singing of which they seemed to take great delight. The following lines and chorus are rather a favorable specimen than otherwise of these "spiritual songs:"

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The next general meeting of the Evangelical Alliance is appointed to be held in Berlin, commencing on the 9th of September, and continuing in session ten days. An informal meeting of clerical and lay members of the Alliance was held on the 12th of June, in the palace of the Archbishop of Canterbury, to hear the report of a committee who had visited Berlin on the subject. The king, who expressed his warm admiration of the principles and objects of the Alliance, granted the use of one of the principal churches in the city, and was disposed to give the meeting his countenance and help. The committee reported, however, that it would be necessary to conduct their discussions with great wisdom, avoiding all doctrinal topics, and even in the matter of religious liberty, asserting only general principles, and leaving their application to a select committee. The hundredth psalm was to be prepared and tune, so that all might unite in singing it, each in in English, French, and German, in the same meter his own tongue.

The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in anniversary in St. Paul's Cathedral on the 15th of Foreign Parts held its one hundred and fifty-with

June last. The society is connected with the
Church of England.
The Benedictine Order

of Monks are about to erect a monastery at Belmont, near the city of Hereford, England, on a scale unknown in that country since the Reformation. Tenders for the work have already been advertised The Rev. William Arthur returned to London about the middle of June, from his Eastern tour. His health, though improved, was not satisfactory to his friends. ... There had been some discussion

for...

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