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scribed by Moses. Their legend states Now seas and earth were in confusion lost : that Jupiter, designing to destroy the bra A world of waters, and without a coast.
The frighted wolf now swims among the sheep; zen race of men on account of their wicked
The yellow lion wanders in the deep; ness, poured rain from heaven ; that Deu. The fowls, long beating on their wings in vain, calion and his wife, Pyrrha, were preserved Despair of land, and drop into the main. in an ark, which floated until the waters Now hills and vales no more distinction know, had subsided, and then landed them upon
And level'd nature lies oppress'd below.” Mt. Parnassus; that there they offered
After proceeding at some length with sacrifices unto their gods, and that from this description, he goes on to observe that them descended the inhabitants of the re
the Deity, newed earth. Pausanias, a celebrated geographical
“Surveying earth from high, writer, relates that the ancient Athenians That where so many millions lately lived
Beheld it in a lake of water lie, believed that the flood retired from the But two, the best of either sex, surviv'd; land through a cavity in their district, over He loosed the Northern wind; fierce Boreas which their ancestors had erected a sacred
flies building. They made this event the sub- To puff away the clouds and purge the skies.
Serenely while he blows, the vapors driven ject of an annual ceremony; throwing Discover hearen to earth and earth to heaven, every year into the fissure through which at length the world was all restored to view; they supposed the waters to have departed, But desolate, and of a sickly hue: a large cake composed of honey and A dismal desert and a howling waste."
Nature beheld herself, and stood aghast, wheat.
According to Lucian, there was also at If we turn our attention from ancient to Hierapolis, a city of Syria, a sacred tem- modern times we discover, even among ple erected in commemoration of the same the least enlightened nations, distinct traevent. The Syrians claimed that it was ditions of the reality of the Deluge. through a chasm in the earth under their These traditions are, as might be extemple that the waters of the Deluge de- pected, mixed up with fantastic absurdiparted, and that the foundation of their ties just in proportion to their lack of sacred edifice was laid by Deucalion him- intellectual cultivation and to the extrav. self, immediately after he came forth from agance of their popular superstition. the ark.
One of the earliest European visitors The opinion of the ancient Romans on to the island of Tahiti relates that, in anthis subject may be gathered very ex swer to a question relative to their origin, plicitly from the poetry of Ovid. It is one of the natives said that a long time almost impossible to read his account ago their god, being angry, dragged the of the Deluge without being impressed earth through the sea, when their island, with the belief that by some means or was broken off and preserved. The literother he had access to the description ature of the Chinese, says Sharon Turner, given by Moses. I shall be pardoned for has several notices of this awful catastrogiving here a brief extract from this writer, phe. The history of China by Confucius in the beautiful translation of Dryden, as opens with a representation of their counit illustrates the truth of this remark. try being still under the effect of the waThis, be it remembered, is the language ters; and among the traditions current of a heathen - an idolater who never among them are the confounding of day heard of Moses, and knew nothing of the and night which they say then took place; God we worship. After stating that, that Min-hoa, evidently a corruption of owing to the wickedness of men, Jupiter Noah, was preserved in a boat, and that had determined to destroy by a flood the the remainder of the human race were human race, with the exception of two per converted into fishes. sons, he proceeds with his description of Mr. Medhurst, in his “ State and Prosthe dire catastrophe :
pects of China," alludes also to the same “Th' expanded waters gather on the plain :
fact, and specifies several circumstances They float the fields and overtop the grain : in connection with their account of the Then rushing onward with impetuous sway, food, which led him to the belief that, in Bear flocks, and folds, and laboring binds away. their allusions to this period, the Chinese Nor safe their dwellings were, for, sapp'd by floods,
are merely giving their version of the Their houses fell upon their household gods. events that occurred from Abraham to
Noah. Their tradition, among other evidence of its actual occurrence, and of things, says that at this period, soon after the fact that all nations have descended the Deluge, wine was discovered. The from one and the same origin. It is stated Bible tells us that after the subsiding of by Molini, in his history of Chili, that the the waters Noah began to be a husband- Araucànians, the ancient inhabitants of man, and he planted a vineyard; and the that country, have a tradition of a great probability is that, bad as were the ante- deluge from which only a few persons were diluvians, and we have seen that they saved, who took refuge upon a high mountwere desperately wicked, they were stran- ain, called the Thundering, which had gers to the use of intoxicating drinks. three points, and the property of moving
Scarcely less remarkable is the tradi- upon water. tion among the Hindoos. It is found The Peruvians had a tradition that a embodied in an ancient poem of which Sir great deluge occurred long before there William Jones gives the following abridg. were any Incas or kings among them, and ment: Their prince was, on one occasion, when the world was very populous ; that performing his ablutions in the river Crit- only six persons were saved by means of imala when the Hindoo god, Vishna, ap a raft, and that from those six the earth peared to him in the shape of a small fish, was repeopled. The Brazilians not only and, after several augmentations of bulk preserved the tradition of a deluge, but in different waters, thus addressed his believe that the entire human race perished amazed votary : In seven days all crea in it, with the exception of two brothers tures who have offended me shall be de- with their wives, who saved themselves stroyed by a deluge, but thou shalt be by climbing the highest trees on the loftsecured in a capacious vessel miraculously iest mountains. It is said, too, that they formed. Take, therefore, all kinds of annually celebrate the memory of this event medicinal herbs, and esculent grain for by religious ceremonies. food, and, together with the seven holy Acosta, in his history, says the Meximen, your respective wives, and pairs of cans speak of a great flood in their counall animals, enter the ark without fear. try, by which all men were drowned ; and Saying this he disappeared, and after in their peculiar paintings, which constiseven days the ocean began to overflow tuted their literature, there was found an the land, and the earth to be flooded with expressive representation of that event. constant showers, when the prince saw a In short, wherever the untiring enterprise large vessel floating upon the waters. of man has penetrated, with scarcely a He entered it, having in all respects con- solitary exception, there is found existing, formed to the instructions of Vishna, who, in some form or other, the memorials of a in the form of a vast fish, suffered the ves watery deluge. The justly celebrated scl to be tied with a great sea serpent, as Humboldt, with great force and propriety, with a cable, to his measureless horn. remarks that similar traditions exist among
Even in the interior of Africa the his- all the nations of the earth, and, like the tory of a deluge is mentioned in their tra- relics of a vast shipwreck, are highly inditions, in which all human beings perished; teresting in the philosophical study of our but they add that the Deity was obliged, species. These traditions, he adds, reafterward, to create mankind anew. specting the primitive state of the globe
But it is in gur own country, among the among all nations, coming to us in so aboriginal inhabitants of North and South many different languages, belonging to America, that are found the most striking branches which appear to have no conevidences of the truth of the Mosaic his- nection with each other, fill us with astontory, in the traditions current among them. ishment. Were the Mosaic record a fable, For ages prior to the time when Colum an invention of the imagination, this would, bus revealed the new world to the old one, indeed, be matter of astonishment; but to this continent had been inhabited by a va- us, it is what might be expected; it is riety of populations in different states of the spontaneous and overwhelming corcivilized and savage life, unknown to the roboration of the account given of an actual rest of mankind, and maintaining no kind occurrence by the faithful pencil of inof intercourse with them. The general spiration. Turn we, then, our attention prevalence of a belief in a general deluge for a little while to the Scriptural narraamong a people thus situated, is strong tive of this great catastrophe.
The wickedness of the human race Noah had walked for so many years, would having increased to such an extent that still be with him, in what otherwise would God determined to visit them with swift have been a dreary solitude. And the destruction, he communicated his purpose Lord, says the sacred writer, the Lord to Noah; with thee, says the Almighty, shut him in, and by the same act, of course, I will establish my covenant. By special shut the others out. O, what an hour was directions from heaven an ark is built; its that! the door was shut! an event probsize, and shape, and doors, and windows, ably in the mind of the Saviour when, urgare planned by infinite wisdom; Noah the ing men to strive to enter in at the strait builder, God himself the architect. gate, he adds : When once the master of
It has been strangely supposed by some, the house is risen up, and hath shut to that Noah was occupied in building the the door, and ye begin to stand without ark for the long period of one hundred and and to knock at the door, saying, Lord, twenty years. There is no warrant for Lord, open unto us, he shall answer and the supposition. It has arisen from the say unto you, I know you not. declaration of the Almighty when he said, And now the sky is gathering blackness, My Spirit shall not always strive with the vivid lightnings and pealing thunder man, yet his days shall be one hundred and proclaim, in terrible language, God's day twenty years; by which he intimates that of vengeance! All nature shudders at he will yet in his long-suffering bear with the frown of his anger. The rain dehim for that space, if perchance he will scends faster, and with still increasing vioimprove it, and repent that he may find lence, for now, in the language of the mercy. How long a time Noah was occu sacred writer, the windows of heaven are pied, or what assistance he had in building opened. The waters, which he tells us it, is of little moment. It appeared, doubt were above the firmament and separated less, to those who gazed upon it in its pro- from those below on the second day of the gress, much as many esteem the efforts of creation, now descend in violent masses Christians nowadays for their own salva- upon the doomed earth. To mingle with tion and that of their friends; a work them, the fountains of the great deep are unnecessary, if not absurd and foolish. broken up; rivers and seas overflow their
The immense building being finished, the banks, and rush together. In wild conanimal and the feathered tribes, probably fusion, the startled inhabitants run to and by a special instinct, are seen flocking fro: multitudes perish ere they can escape together, of the clean by pairs, of the un from the valleys and the plains ; but there clean by sevens; they enter the ark, where is yet safety in the high hills : the lofty suitable provision had been already stored; mountains will afford security : thither in and at length, every necessary preparation wild despair they fly. A week elapses, a being made, the day of vengeance dawns second, and a third pass, and still the upon the world. It found the human fam-waters increase : gnawing hunger now ily still heedless; they were marrying and heightens the agony of those who still giving in marriage; some absorbed in survive, and with cannibal ferocity the schemes of pleasure, others grasping after strong destroy the weak. But the foamwealth : all alike indifferent to the threat-ing waters still gain upon them; they proenings of Jehovah ; all alike regardless of long their misery a little while by climbing Noah's warning voice. It was on the the highest trees; to them they cling with seventeenth day of the second month, frantic despair ; they hear the unavailing answering to the seventh of December, in shrieks of relatives and friends, as one by the six hundredth year of Noah's age, and one they drop into the flood; many behold, in the year from the creation, one thousand too, at a distance, that only place of safety six hundred and fifty-six, that God gives which, when building, they ridiculed, the command to Noah to enter into the which, when they might, they refused to ark with his wife, and his sons, and his enter. Like him, of whom the Saviour sons' wives with him. The command did spake, when, in hell, he saw Lazarus afar I say? I am mistaken. The language off, with an impassable gulf between them, of the Almighty is rather that of kind and they see the ark floating serenely upon personal invitation : it is not go, but come! the billows; its precious inmates safe, Come thou and all thy house into the ark; and God himself the pilot. But the storm implying evidently that He, with whom | is still increasing : the waters continue to
rise, and now the last strong man (he has “I did, most assuredly, dear. But”been clinging to the branches of the loft- abruptly changing the subject—" it's very iest cedar with the energy of desperation) strange Charlie Stevens wasn't here tobecomes faint;
night. I missed the old fellow all the time. “No sound is heard, except the bubbling cry
Perhaps he's ill. I must go round to the Of that strong swimmer in his agony;" bank to-morrow morning, and see what's a chilling numbness seizes him; he falls
the matter.” into the foaming flood, and the hoarse
Marion blushed again—not from pleaswinds chant a melancholy requiem, which,
ure this time—and for a moment she mingled with his last shriek, proclaims
wished that she had asked her husband's that all is over : the earth one vast ocean,
friend to the party ; but the truth must that ocean the grave of all who rejected
come out now.
“Fred, you remember you told me I the proffered mercy of Jehovah.
might give out all the invitations to this
party ?" UNREASONABLE JEALOUSY. 6 Yes."
“ Well, I didn't invite Charles Stevens." A LESSON FOR YOUNG WIVES.
“ Didn't invite him, Marion ?” said TT is a prevailing fault of young wives Frederic, in a tone between surprise and I to take a dislike to the male friends of displeasure. “What in the world pretheir husbands. It is not exactly jealousy, vented you ?" but something very like it, and “the Anglo “Because--because–Fred, I don't like Saxon" tells an admirable story illustrating him as well as you do. He comes here, its folly and inculcating a good moral. and takes you away from me many evenFrederic Wilmer had been married about ings, and seems to consider his claims three months. His wife, Marion, loved greater than my own." him as a wife ought to love her husband, Frederic gave a significant whistle. and was happy, but in her cup of bliss “Now, don't look so cross, Fred," there was one bitter drop. Her husband pleaded the wife, laying her hand on her had a friend, one Charlie Stevens, to whom husband's shoulder. the pretty Marion thought he paid too much “ Marion, I would not have had you attention. She determined to have that done this thing for a thousand parties," he friendship ruptured, that, as she was her said, sternly. “ Charlie Stevens is a true husband's best, so she should be his only friend to me, and would go farther to serve friend. The young couple gave a large me than all the people together who were party, and when the guests were all gone, here to-night."
“Well, haven't we had a good time, This praise was not pleasant to the Fred ?" said the young wife, as she threw young wife. A little frown gathered over herself down by the side of her husband, her face. and surveyed, with real pleasure, the dis | “I think you set quite too much store ordered parlor, and the tables confusedly by this friend of yours,” she said. “I scattered over with heaps of china, and can't, for my part, see in what his great glass, and silver, intermixed with broken merit or attractions consist." pieces of cake, and fruit, and cream.
"In his noble soul and in his warm heart, “ Yes, a most delectable one; and do Marion. I must call upon him to-morrow, you know what I thought when you stood and make up this matter, somehow. It at the table, Marion ?"
will be a disagreeable business, though." Looking down, and smiling with the Marion burst into tears. dark blue eyes in her face, she replied : 1 “And make your wife ridiculous by
“No; something I shall like to hear." throwing the blame on her. I would not
“That, though there were a great many have believed you could do this, Fred, even lovely women around me, none, after all, | for Charles Stevens's sake!” conld compare with a certain Marion Wil- Her tears softened the young husband mer.”
at once, and he was ready to promise al“0, Fred! did you think that?” And most anything to call back the old smiles she looked doubly beautiful now, with the to that bright face; then he saw clearly smile coming up into her blue eyes, and that he could not apologize to his friend the blush into her fair cheeks.
without implicating Marion, and he finally
concluded to let the matter drop, hoping he found a large addition had just been that Charlie would hear nothing about the made to the party, and among them was party. And so Marion Wilmer had tri- his old friend, Charles Stevens. They umphed. With her woman's arts and met cordially, of course, with mutual exfears she had come between her husband pressions of surprise and pleasure, which and the best friend he had on earth. How were interrupted by the hurried preparamany a wife has done such a thing? tions to embark.
The sailing-boat was not large, and, Frederic Wilmer and Charles Stevens when all the ladies were seated, the boatdid not meet for several days after this ; men thought it unsafe to put off with so and when the former called to invite his large a company. On this account, a friend to dine with him, he felt at once that number of the gentlemen volunteered to he was no longer the Charles Stevens of take a small boat that lay on the shore the old time. He talked and joked after near them, and among these were Charles the old fashion, and said the old words, but Stevens and Frederic Wilmer. his manner, and even his very smile, had It was a beautiful day when the two lost their old heartiness ; and Frederic boats swept from the shore, the one ridfelt it all.
ing the waves with her white sails leaping Men have not the tact of women, in to the wind, and her green sides breasting making graceful apologies, or getting out the blue waters, as if she knew and reof an awkward dilemma. The young joiced in the proud manhood and womanly merchant had it several times at “his loveliness which she carried. tongue's end" to allude to the party, and The small boat was quite filled by the apologize in some way for the inadvertency six gentlemen on board of her, who, wavon his part. But he could not implicate ing their hats to the ladies, plied their oars Marion, and he was too conscientious to right bravely, as they followed in the wake tell a falsehood. So they parted, and of the larger boat. Charles Stevens did not come to dinner, Again the heavens grew black with because an imperative engagement pre- great masses of cloud. The wind freshvented; and after this Marion had Fred-ened. The two boats had separated long eric all the evening to herself.
before this ; but now both were turned
homeward. Fiercer and fiercer stormed The afternoon wore brightly on; but, the wind, madly hurling up the waves : ere long, the wind sprung up and strength- and the boats, now far apart, rocked and ened, and thick black clouds began to pile quivered as they plowed through the white themselves in the sky.
Frederic Wilmer and Charles Stevens "I'm very sorry you
were the only two on board the smaller but I'll run down and tell them not to wait boat who understood perfectly how to for me, as I shan't leave you alone." manage her, and she was by no means
“Yes, you will, Fred," answered Marion, well constructed to ride against the wind. lifting her head from the pillow, and faintly Two of the gentlemen, thoughtlessy standsmiling. “I shall sleep until your return; ing up in it, grew dizzy, last their equilibriso your being here will do me no good. um, and, in attempting to regain it, fell to Kiss me now, and run off.”
one side, nearly capsizing the boat. In Mr. and Mrs. Wilmer had ridden down Fred's alarm, the oar fell from his hand with a large party to the shore that day ; | into the sea. He leaned over, making a but she had been taken ill with a severe quick, blind motion to secure it; the boat headache, to which she was subject, and dipped again, and when she righted a obliged to keep her chamber in the hotel, second time, Frederic Wilmer was in the while the rest of the party were preparing sea. to go off on a sailing excursion.
He was not an expert swimmer, and, Well, then, if you insist upon my going, after battling for a moment with those good-by," and Wilmer laid back the up- wild waves, he went down, and there was lifted hand very tenderly on the pillow, and none to save him. left his wife to that best physician of head The men in the boat sat horror bound. and heart aches-sleep.
None of them, except Charles Stevens, When the young man reached the shore, I could swim well, and the shore was at a