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that they would sooner find death in their indigent, in the poor rate, but not in the own country than to go to seek it in exile. annual distribution of the citizens' revenues,

We have now before us a little book in but, in return, his legitimate children, born French, styled Les Heimathloses, trans- after his incorporation, fully enjoyed all lated from the German, and published at the communal rights and advantages. Berne in 1821, highly colored, it is true, The council or federal power determines and in the outline somewhat romantic. It to which canton the Homeless shall beshows us the unfortunate creatures wander- long, and in making that determination he ing by night along the banks of the torrent should be guided according to the histordown which some had already precipitated ical antecedents of the subject-his resithemselves, while the compassionate in dence, indications of origin, etc.. Conhabitants were busy in saving them from tested cases are decided by the federal the waters, and watching to prevent the tribunal. Such are the principles of this accomplishment of their designs of self- law for the benefit of the Homeless, already destruction.

in force five years; but its execution is The history of the Heimathloses has not always easy ; there has been more thus had its critical moments, which even than one case bandied about from canton threatened to end in tragedy. This people to canton, by the way of justice, if not by had become a plague to Switzerland, a the gens d'armes, as formerly, and time plague not absolutely inherent to its re alone will bring the means of their compublican organization, but was, however, plete assimilation. resultant from that, as we have endeavored to show. At last, after various projects, all difficult of execution, the federal power FOR MOTHER'S SAKE. has lately taken the thing in hand, and is

A FATHER and his little son busy with regulating their lot; but it has

On wintry waves were sailing; been obliged to recognize this fact, that

Fast, from their way, the light of day the commune being the basis of all civil In cloud and gloom was failing, existence in Switzerland, if they did not

And fiercely round their lonely bark become identified with some of these com

The stormy winds were wailing. munes, they would always form a kind of

They knew that peril hover'd near; exception in the social organization of They pray'd, "0! Heaven, deliver;" the country.

But a wilder blast came howling past, The past century witnessed a some

And soon, with sob and shiver,

They struggled in the icy grasp what similar case in that of the French

Of that dark, rushing river. refugees at the time of the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. A goodly number of them

“Cling fast to me, my darling child,”

An anguish voice was crying ; had not the necessary facilities for acquir

While, silvery clear, o'er tempest drear; ing a citizenship. By the aid of their own Rose softer tones, replying, resources and the help of their co-religion “O! mind not me, my father dear; ists at home and abroad they formed a cor

I'm not afraid of dying;

0! mind not me, but save yourself, poration by degrees, not fixed to any one

For mother's sake, dear father ; place, city, or village, but scattered among Leave me, and hasten to the shore, the families of which it is composed; yet

Or who will comfort mother ?hereditary in the families thus united by

The angel forms that ever wait, the tie of common religion, and having Unseen, on men attendant, also its own administration and reve Flew up, o'erjoy'd, to heaven's bright gate, nues.

And there, on page resplendent, Some plan of this kind had been pro

High over those of heroes bold,

And martyrs famed in story, posed for the Heimathloses, but it was not

They wrote the name of that brave boy, carried out, and a federal law of the 3d of And wreathed it round with glory. December, 1850, superseded the necessity

God bless the child! ay, he did bless of all other contrivances by distributing That noble self-denial, them among the different cantons, in order And safely bore him to the shore, to incorporate them in the established com Through tempest, toil, and trial. munes. This incorporation was to be pro

Soon, in their bright and tranquil home,

Son, sire, and that dear mother gressive; the Homeless shared in none but

For whose sweet sake so much was done, the political rights of the citizen, and, if

In rapture met each other.

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SKETCHES IN SOUTHERN AUSTRALIA. S the aboriginal tribes of Australia dis- | take when they come out of the bush to

appear before the march of civiliza- | feed, and women are sent round to the tion, it may be interesting to chronicle further end of the thicket, where they pictorially a few of their peculiarities and make a loud noise, and drive the wallaby characteristics.

into the nets. The taking of the Emu is a favorite Mrs. Clay, in her very agreeable vol. sport of the aborigines. The emu is ume of Australian experiences, gives the caught in very large nets, twenty yards following characteristics of the aborigines : long and five feet high, which are here

“I have heard some intelligent colonists remade of the roots of the marsh, baked and mark, that the low condition of the aborigines chewed, and then spun. Several natives may perhaps be traced to the peculiar state of will watch the emus as they go to drink the country they inhabit. There is nothing inat the lagoons, having heard the birds digenous like rice or corn—no grain ; so that whistling, and set their nets in readiness ; | is devoted to the capture of the kangaroo and

the greater portion of their life and ingenuity they then drive the emus toward the nets, other animals. Instead, therefore, of their where other natives are lying in ambush ; mental organs being called into action by a rathe birds get frightened and entangled, the riety of wants, objects, or pursuits, the neces

sity for invention or construction has been natives rush upon them, and when in the lessened, and their whole energies concentrated net seize hold of them and kill them with

upon the one great object of their existencespears and wirris. They catch the wal- the chase. This must degrade man to a mere laby with nets about fifteen yards long and

creature of instinct; and to such a state the two feet high. Parties go out and set these aborigines of Australia appear reduced. 0000

“As regards the religion of the natives, I be nets across the paths which the animals | lieve their principal belief is in an evil spirit,

of which they have a great dread, imagining striking her with a wooden club or wattie, and that it walks about of a night; and they there- then drags her away to his own tribe. This is fore avoid, when dark, the vicinity of their often the cause of their going to war. burial-grounds. These burial-grounds I have “Naturally, the natives wear no clothing; attempted to describe elsewhere. They fre- but if any article of dress be given them, they quently burn the aged dead; and should a are proud to array themselves in it. The manwoman die having a young infant, the living ner in which they wrap a blanket around them, child is buried with the mother. The name of fastening it over one shoulder, is very graceful. the dead is never mentioned ; and any one in the women are exceedingly susceptible to gay the same tribe having a similar name is obliged colors, and accept a bright pocket handker. to take another.

chief, or a few beads, with as much delight as an " The aboriginal method of courtship would English girl would receive a Parisian bonnet. not be admired by white ladies. The native, “The greatest passion of the aborigines is having determined on his future spouse, who is revenge ; and even if one of them dies a natural generally selected from another tribe, steals death, they fing spears at one of his friends upon her secretly when she is at a little dis- until blood appears; hence their universal hostance from the protectors, and stuns her by I tility to the white man. They can never forget

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nor forgive the atrocities perpetrated upon them with various success. Schools have been estabby some of the early settlers, who at one time lished by the government, but the young peoused to hunt them down like wild beasts, and ple almost invariably, when passing out of fire at any they came upon, however inoffensive childhood, throw off their clothes and return they might be.

to their native haunts and habits. A few girls " The features of the aborigines are not pleas- become house-servants, but they are easily ining, being very coarse. Their lips are thick, duced to leave for the woods. of late there has, with fat noses and low, receding foreheads. however, been a somewhat important change. They are not, generally speaking, tall or well The impossibility of obtaining a sufficient nummade, neither are they particularly strong. ber of white shepherds and laborers, caused Their 'going about in such numbers alone makes many stock keepers to offer good money wages them dangerous.

to the natives, instead of merely giving them " The number of aborigines is not great, and food and clothes, as was before the custom, it is steadily decreasing. Several tribes have and to adapt the service to their feelings. The already wholly disappeared. Many efforts have result is said to have been very generally benebeen made to protect them, and to induce them ficial. They show little inclination, or rather to adopt settled and industrious habits, but considerable dislike, for manual labor ; but they

once

ance.

make very good hut-keepers, are careful and of science and the discoveries of philosogentle as shepherds, and make excellent stock phy do but confirm the word of our God, keepers; and large numbers are now so em

which abideth forever.

It was ployed, as well as in wool-washing, and other work connected with sheep and cattle farn.ing. urged, for example, that the account given It remains to be seen, however, whether it will by Moses of the creation of light on the be possible to overcome to any extent their first day is contradictory of his own asmigratory habits, which have, hitherto always sertion that not until the fourth day were prevented any permanent settlement.

" In South Australia there seems to be much the sun and the moon called into existsatisfaction felt at the change in the aborigines.

To meet and evade this supposed The · Protector of the Aborigines' in that colo difficulty the Zendavesta of Zoroaster, a ony states that upward of two hundred thou work in the main a piracy from the book sand sheep were in June, 1852, under the sole of Genesis, announces that the sun was charge of native shepherds. A training insti. tution for aborigines has been established at created first and light afterward. Then, Adelaide, chiefly by the exertions of Archdeacon it was maintained that the sun is a great Hale, who resides on the establishment. He globe of fire ; that from him are continsays that even his own sanguine expectations did not lead him to anticipate a success so ually emitted innumerable fiery particles, complete and triumphant as that which has and that he is the sole source of light, as attended our efforts, nor so rapid an increase well as heat. It has since been discoy. in the number of our inmates.' Besides the

ered that both light and heat exist indeschool-room, mess-room, etc., there are twenty huts occupied by native married couples. There pendently of the sun ; and by means of is also a small farm, the work of which, with powerful telescopes it has been demonherding, cattle-keeping, etc., is done by the in. strated that, so far from the sun being a mates of the institution, who are also taught vast body of fire, he is, on the contrary, a brick-making, building, and other useful occu

globe, in all probability like our own, pations.

capable of sustaining animal existence.

In exact conformity with the Mosaic recTHE BIOGRAPHY OF THE BIBLE. ord, philosophy now declares, as the re

sult of numerous practical experiments, NOAH-THE DELUGE.

that light as well as heat has a separate THE event now presented for our con and distinct existence independent of the

sideration is, without exception, the sun, and that, consequently, the account most memorable that ever occurred upon given by the sacred writer is philosophicour earth previous to the advent of Christ. ally correct. It is the total destruction of the human So, also, as respects the subject now race, with the exception of one family, under consideration. It was once very consisting of eight persons. We are in-confidently affirmed that there was not debted for our knowledge of it to the sufficient water to cause such a deluge as sacred historian; but of a catastrophe so that described by Moses. It was then appalling and so universal it might, in- computed that twenty-eight oceans would deed, excite surprise, if not doubt, were be necessary for that purpose; but the there no corroborating circumstances in progress of mathematical and physical the aspect of our world and in the testi- knowledge has shown that the different mony of tradition. We shall find, accord

seas and oceans contain at least fortyingly, that there is a vast amount of what eight times more water than was then may be called circumstantial evidence, supposed ; and by philosophical experiwith reference to the reality of this event, ment it has been proved, that the mere and the truth of the account given thereof raising of the temperature of the whole by the inspired writer. Before entering, body of the ocean to a degree no greater therefore, upon the Scriptural narrative than marine animals live in, in the shallet us turn our attention to some undis- low seas between the tropics, would so puted facts which serve to confirm the expand it as more than to produce the account of this event given by Moses. height above the mountains stated in the

And in the first place I observe, as a Mosaic account. remarkable instance of the progress of the Again : it was once objected to the inhuman mind, that whereas philosophy was spired writer, that the ark built by Noah once arrayed against revelation, it has of was by far too small to contain the vast late been found that the one is the hand number of animals said to have been premaid of the other; and that the researches served therein, together with food neces

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sary for their subsistence. Now it may a flood as that described by Moses. To fairly be questioned whether Noah was this may be added, that the very aspect of commanded to bring into the ark all living the earth's surface exhibits marks both of creatures zoologically and numerically con the violent action and rapid subsiding of sidered, or only those, clean and unclean, water. The undulations of hill and dale, which were indigenous to the country in valleys with winding and sinuous course, which he dwelt. During the fifteen hun abrupt declivities, rough and ragged dedred years previous to the flood the various files, immense plains of barren sands, animals must, of course, have spread them abound to a greater or less extent in every selves over a great part, if not the whole of quarter of the globe, and are on no other the antediluvian world. Those which were hypothesis accounted for so satisfactorily, saved must, therefore, if all were included, as by referring their origin to the great have come together from very great dis- event we are now considering. tances; but there is no intimation of any Indeed, the researches of modern scisuch journeyings. And it would seem, I ence, and more especially the developthink, quite probable that the animals ments of geology, are continually confirmpreserved in the ark were those only ing the sentiment of the wise Lord Bacon, which were found in the region where that natural philosophy is the surest antiNoah dwelt. This supposition will ac dote to superstition, and the food of recount also for the remains of animals to ligious faith. tally unknown which have been discov It is perfectly reasonable to expect, I ered in various places since the date of remark further, that of an event so wonthe Deluge.

derful there would be, in the different I remark, further, that, after all the ar- nations of the earth, some traditionary acguments which have been alleged against counts. It certainly made a deep impresthe probability of a general deluge, phi- sion on the minds of the survivors, who losophy has at length acknowledged that doubtless would relate its history to their the present surface of the earth must have children, and thus it would descend from been submerged under water. Not only, one generation to another, and thus some says Kirwan, in every region of Europe, knowledge of it would be retained even but also of both the old and new conti- among those who had not the writings of nents, immense quantities of marine shells, Moses. Were there, indeed, no tradieither dispersed or collected, have been tions upon the subject, the truth of the discovered. This and several other facts Bible account would not thereby be overseem to prove that at least a great part thrown; yet, finding them to exist, as they of the present earth was, at some time or do, among almost all nations, they contribother, the bed of an ocean.

ute greatly to strengthen faith in the truth Other facts seem also to prove with suf- of the inspired record. The limits of this ficient evidence, that the retirement of the essay will not allow me to go much into waters from those parts now inhabited was detail on this part of my subject, yet I not gradual, but violent. This is evinced cannot do it justice without alluding to by various undisputed phenomena. Strat some of the more prominent of the tra

in

the world ; in and between the strata of Berosus

, a Babylonian historian, who

these mountains various substances of lived in the time of Alexander, is quoted marine origin repose, either petrified or in by Eusebius as giving a brief account of their natural state. To overspread, says this memorable event; and although there Watson, the plains of the arctic circle is much that is evidently fabulous mixed with the shells of Indian seas and with the up with his narrative, yet it contains sufbodies of elephants and rhinoceri, sur ficient evidence that it is founded upon the rounded by masses of submarine vegeta- Scriptural account of that occurrence. tion; to accumulate in promiscuous con He speaks of a floating ark, of birds sent fusion the marine productions of the four out from it, and of its finally resting upon quarters of the globe, what conceivable in a imountain. struments would be efficacious but the In the mythology of ancient Greece we rush of mighty waters ? These facts, find in the history of Deucalion, the reabout which there is no dispute, are pre- puted founder of that nation, a very strikcisely what might be expected from such I ing allusion to the general deluge as de

VOL. XI.-13

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