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shall find that others, besides poor and un- artistic forms, whether in sculpture, paintknown adventurers, were attracted to these ing, or architecture, presented to the eye shores. The noble and persecuted Hu- in the loveliest frame-work of nature ; the guenots of France, the impoverished but picturesque grace with which even ruder loyal cavaliers of England, the stanch forms are invested; the poetic element Dutch burghers, with their unpronounce- which gives to vulgar and sordid natures able names and substantial respeetability; glimpses of beauty and touches of feeling ; the Puritans, with their uncompromising the music of a language sweet as the most love of freedom and of truth : these form exquisite melody, everything contributes an ancestry which should stimulate their in Italy to wake up the latent love of art, descendants to something like an emulation if any spark of it exists within the breast. of their virtues.

But most people in our colder clime are But, strange as it may seem, those who prosaic and matter of fact; they feel not can look back to “gentle forbears," are so much as they reason; they do not give those who generally say the least about it. themselves up to the unshackled influence Like an old garment, it is worn easily and of art; the beautiful ideal is, with them, without restraint, while pretenders have swallowed up in the real ; they will disall the stiffness and want of ease of entire cuss coloring, proportion, perspective ; newness. The former have coats of arms, they will admire the mechanical execution, which they care not to display ; the latter the anatomical exactness, the truth of each have them manufactured, and place them separate detail ; but they are insensible to everywhere. You will see them on the the harmony of the whole. They are styled panels of their carriage, on their ample connoisseurs, and speak the true artistic signet rings, stamped on their note and cant; they return home rich in technical letter paper, and even on the walls of their phrases, and learned, it may be, in artistic houses. In the language of the French lore; they may be able to tell an original comedy,

from a copy, and the works of one master “ Ils en ont mispartout,"

from those of another ; but their souls and you are not very likely to forget that have remained untouched. They do not they consider themselves fully entitled feel themselves, neither will they allow to display their armorial bearings, hav- others to feel, the ennobling influence of ing paid honestly for them at the herald's art. office.

We must confess that the presence of In the olden time heraldic cognizances one of these great connoisseurs is the were adopted to distinguish the numerous greatest drawback to enjoyment. If you adherents of one noble house from those are yielding yourself up to the entrancing of another. They originated generally in power of music, they will tell you it is some feat of arms, and perpetuated the good; but then they have heard so much high daring, or the religious devotion, of better abroad: if, gazing upon a masterthe noble founder. They are retained in piece of art from the magic pencil of one these great families as lineal proofs of of our best painters, your spirit is filled their descent from those who have left with unwonted emotions, they will call names in history and romance. Abroad, you back by some of the common - places they give importance because jealously of criticism, and destroy all your illusions guarded, and we imagine that they will at a blow. But this is not all: the lanadd to our consequence at home; but we guage of art is borrowed by those who do might as well have coroneted carriages, not understand its principles, and we are and expect they will secure to us all the assailed by second-rate criticisms, or wearespect and distinction which they elicit ried by indiscriminate admiration. Woe where they are only used by the highest to the hapless wight who sees not as nobility.

they do; he is assailed, it may be, by a We have borrowed much from France ; score of fair combatants, till he is conyet the sunny land of Italy has not been strained to yield or beat a timely retreat. without a certain influence upon our tastes We do not think art has done much for and habits. It is impossible for a poetical the American mind Perhaps we are too nature to visit the birth-place of art and positive a people to be influenced by its behold its wonders, without new feelings purely æsthetic aspects; and though its and emotions. The matchless beauty of I material appreciation will tend to cultivate

VOL. XI.-11

taste, it will not produce the still higher guid and nerveless victims of ennui. Their effect of developing the more graceful wealth, instead of being a blessing to themfaculties of the mind by its quickening and selves and others, becomes a cause of stimulating action.

serious unhappiness ; they have never The climate of Italy is proverbially known any other condition, and therebeautiful, and nature has lavished her gifts fore are denied the pleasure of contrast, there with an unsparing hand. Physical and looking upon poverty as a frightful enjoyment is one of the first requisites in bug-bear, they never attempt to alleviate a country where it can be procured at so it by any efforts of their own. slight a cost; and a love of indolence, or, As we review the whole subject, we as they term it, the “dolce far niente," is cannot but come to the conclusion that generated and developed without effort. the foreign influence introduced among us Living in Italy, one might become enam- by more extensive intercourse, has done ored of such a life, and feel, in that dreamy more harm than good to American society. intoxication of the senses, an equivalent The national character was developed unfor more manly and active pursuits. Where der peculiar circumstances ; elements of pleasures, varied so as not to cloy, fill up the noblest character took their part in its all the avenues to the senses, and the very formation, and stamped it with the true air you breathe is fragrant with sweets, is simplicity of greatness. It might have it any wonder that man becomes enervated been wanting in refinement and grace, and indolent?

but it was strong and vigorous; it lacked Besides, we must not forget that the poetical warmth and genius, but it glowed political condition of Italy prohibits many with patriotism and true benevolence. of those pursuits by which manly energy The refining influence of cultivation would would be developed and cultivated. In have thrown over society its softening our country the case is different. With touches without destroying the strong idenevery incentive to the most energetic tity of the national character. As it is, action, drawn from competition and emu we have gained a love of luxury and ease; lation, with everything urging and even we are better judges of art; we have more goading the mind to continued effort, with numerous authors; our imaginations are the spirit of activity all around us pressing not only fed, but pampered by works of men forward in their various careers, it questionable merit and utility ; the elegant would seem impossible to indulge in forms of the beau monde are introduced dreamy delights or trifling and aimless among us; the separation between difpursuits. There is, we think, no person ferent classes of society is greater ; but 80 unhappy as one who has nothing to do, have we not lost what is more than an where every one else is occupied. Ennui equivalent for all ? We leave the answer hangs around his path, and wraps him in to the judgment and good sense of our her dusky vail; he tries to do everything readers, if we shall be so fortunate as to to dissipate it; rises late, lounges about, find any willing to accompany us to the gives importance to trifles, drives furiously end. to carry off his superfluous energy, goes often to parties, where he is of some im I HAVE always held that the life of man's portance as an available partner, drinks mind, where man has a mind, (which is champagne to brighten his intellect, and not always the case,) is a thing of fits and retires late to begin again the same round, starts. I even doubt whether any one and thus walk through the tread-mill of who will take the trouble to recollect, society. Nobody respects him, for he will not be able to lay his finger on the fulfills no condition of his being; nobody precise periods at which new views of appreciates him but a few women as silly every thing suddenly opened before him, as himself; and, were he to leave the and he emerged at once, if not into new stage of life to-day, nobody would be the powers, at least into a new use of them. loser by his departure.

The frame may grow like a tree; the If the republican simplicity of our fa- faculties may grow as imperceptibly as thers had been retained, and rich men had the frame; but the mind acquires that educated their sons, physically and intel- knowledge of life which forms its exlectually, as if they had no fortune in store ercise, its use, and perhaps its essence, for them, we should not see so many lan- | by bounds and flights.- Lord Clarendon.

HUGGED BY A SERPENT.

fell among the tall grass up in the cove.

The water was low, and the place was T WAS brought up near the Canadian | dry where they were. I pulled up as far I line in Vermont. My father owned a as I could, and got out and waded up. I large farm, though he was an iron worker knew very near where one of the ducks by trade. I think he made some of the had fallen, and very soon had my eye on best rifles ever used. Not far from his it. As I ran up to take it I saw the head farm was quite a lake. We used to enjoy of a black snake pop out and catch it by ourselves at fishing and sailing, for we the wing. I saw only the head and neck had one of the best sail-boats ever put of the reptile, and had no idea how large a into fresh water. We knew there were one it was ; or, if I had, probably I should plenty of snakes about this lake, espe- have done just as I did, for I had no idea cially one part of it-a wide piece of flats, of fearing such a thing. I had left my where the water lay most of the year, and gun in the boat, and had nothing to kill where the tall grass and reeds grew the chap with ; but as I took the duck I thickly. It was a sort of bay, making up just put my foot upon the thief's neck. into a cove on the opposite side from the The ground was moist and slimy, and farm. We had seen some large snakes the snake had his body braced among the in the water there, and I had tried to shoot roots of the stout reeds; he took his head them as they swam with their heads up, out from under my foot about as quick as though I never happened to get one of a man could comfortably think. I thought them in that way. I am sure I hit some I'd run back to my boat and get my gun, of them, but they managed to get away and try to kill this fellow ; and I had just into the grass ; and I had no desire to turned for that purpose, when I felt somefollow them, especially into such a place. thing strike my legs, as though somebody Most of those that I saw were the com- had thrown a rope around it. I looked mon black water-snake, but they were not down, and found that the snake had taken all alike. Some of the largest ones had a a turn around my left leg with his tail, light-colored ring round the neck; and I and was in the act of clearing his body was told, by those who knew, that these from the grass. I dropped the duck and latter were by far the strongest and most gave a smart kick, but that didn't loosen dangerous.

him ; so I tried to put my right foot upon However, I was destined soon to have him, and thus draw my left leg away; I my eyes opened. One afternoon I saw a might as well have tried to put my foot flock of black ducks fly over the house, on a streak of lightning! and I was sure they lighted on the lake ;- And hadn't I been deceived ? I had so I seized my double-barreled gun and forgotten the proportionate size of the ammunition, and started off. When I head of this species of black snake. I reached the landing I saw the ducks away had expected to see a snake four or five off by the opposite shore. I at once cut feet long; but instead of that he was some green boughs with my knife; and nearly eight feet and a half! Still, I having rigged up the bows of a small flat- hadn't yet any great fear, for I supposed bottomed scull we kept on purpose for that when I put my hands on him I could such work, I jumped in and started off. I easily take him off, for I was pretty strong There was a hole in the stern through in the arms. In a few seconds he had which we could put the oar, and thus scull his body all clear, and it was then that the boat without sitting up in sight, so the first real thrill shot through me. from where the ducks were my contriv. / There he held himself by the simple turn ance had the appearance of only a simple around my leg, and with his back arched mass of boughs floating along upon the in and out he brought his head just on a water.

| level with mine. I made a grab for him, I had got near enough for a shot, and but missed him; and then, as quick as had drawn in the scull, and was in the you can snap your finger, he swept his act of taking up my gun, when the ducks head under my arm, clear around my body, started up. As quickly as possible I and then straightened up and looked me drew one hammer and let drive. I hit in the face again. I gave another grab two of them, but they didn't fall into the at him, and another, as quick as I could, water. They fluttered along until they | but he dodged me, in spite of all I could do.

me.

my mouth.

I next felt the snake's body working its then, and could not put that snake's head way up. The turn of the tail was turned around my back! I tried it until I knew to my thigh, and the coil around my stom- I could not do it, and then I gave it up. ach commenced to tighten. About this My next thought was of my jack-knife; time I began to think there might be but the lower coil of the snake was directly some serious work, and the quicker I over my pocket, and I could not get it. took the snake off the better. So I just I now, for the first time, called out for grasped him as near the head as possible, help. I yelled with all my might, and yet by taking hold where he was around me, I knew the trial was next to useless, for and tried to turn him off. But this only no one could easily gain the place where I made it worse. The fellow had now was, except with a boat. Yet I called drawn himself up so high, and stretched out, hoping against hope. I grasped the so, that he whipped another turn about snake by the body and pulled—I tried to

His tail was now around my left break its neck. This plan presented itself thigh, and the rest of him turned twice with a gleam of promise ; but it amounted around my body; one of them being just to nothing. I might as well have tried to at the pit of my stomach, and the other break a rope by bending forward or backone above it. All this had occupied just ward! about one half a minute from the time he A full minute had now passed from the first got the turn round my leg.

time when I first tried to pass the snake's The snake now had his head in front of head around my back. my face, and he tried to make his way into His body had become so elongated by

What his intention was, I his gradual pressure around my body, that cannot surely tell, though I have always he had room to carry his head around in a believed that he knew he could strangle free and symmetrical curve. He had me in that way. He struck me one blow slipped from my grasp, and when I next on the mouth that hurt me considerably; caught him, I found that I was weaker and after that I got him by the neck, and than before! I could not hold him! The there I meant to hold him—at least, so excitement had kept me from noticing this that he could not strike me again. But until now. For a few moments I was in this time another difficulty arose. The a perfect frenzy. I had leaped up and moment I grasped the snake by the neck, down, cried out as loud as I could, and he commenced to tighten his folds about grasped the snake with all my might. my body! It wasn't over a few seconds But it availed me nothing. He slipped before I discovered that he'd soon squeeze his head from my weakened hand, and the breath out of me in that way, and I made a blow at my face, striking me fairly determined to unwind him. He was in upon the closed lips. this way : the turn around the thigh was But the moment of need was at hand. from left to right; then up between the I felt the coils growing tighter and tighter legs to my right side, and around the back around my body, and my breath was getto my left side, and so on with the second ting weak. A severe pain was beginning turn; thus bringing his head up under my to result from the pressure, and I saw that left arm.

I had the snake now with the the snake would soon have length enough left hand, and my jdea was to pass his for another turn. He was drawn so tightly, head around my back until I could reach that the center of his body was no bigger it with my right, and so unwind him. Ithan his head! The black skin was drawn could press the fellow's head down under to a tension that seemed its utmost; and my arm, but to get it around so as to yet I could tell, by the working of the large reach it with my right hand, I could not! hard scales upon the belly, that he was I tried; I put all my power into that one drawing himself tighter still! arm, but I could not do it. I could get “For God's sake!” I gasped, stricken the head just about under my armpit; but with absolute terror, “what shall I do?" here my strength was applied to a disad- What could I do? The enemy for whom vantage. Until this moment I had not I had at first held so little thought, was been really frightened. I had believed killing me; killing me slowly, openly, and that I could unwind the serpent when I | I had no help! I, a stout, strong man, tried. I never dreamed what power they was being actually held at the deadly will had. Why, only think, as strong as I was of a black snake! My breath was now

With a

me.

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short, faint, and quick, and I knew that I tense skin, and drew it across. was growing purple in the face ! My dull, tearing snap the body parted, and the hands and arms were swollen and my snake fell to the ground in two pieces! I fingers numbed! I had let go of the staggered to the boat- I reached it, and snake's neck, and he now carried the upper there sank own. knew nothing more part of his body in a graceful curve, his until I heard a voice calling my name. I head vibrating from side to side with an opened my eyes, and looked up. My undulating motion of extreme gracefulness. father stood over me with terror depicted

At length I staggered! I was losing on his countenance. I told him my story my strength rapidly, and the pain of my as best I could. He went up and got the body had become excruciating. The duck I had taken from the snake; the snake's skin, where it was coiled about me, other one he could not find ; and also was so tight that it seemed almost trans- brought along the two pieces I had made parent. He had found me, or I had found of my enemy. He told me he had heard him, in a state of hunger, his stomach free me cry out, and at once started off in the from food, and his muscular force unim- large boat after me, though it was a long paired. A second time I staggered, and while ere he saw my boat. I had lain objects began to swim before me.

there over half an hour when he found A dizzy sensation was in my head, a faintness at my heart, and a pain the most When we reached home the snake was agonizing in my body! The snake now measured, and found to be eight feet and had three feet of body free. He had drawn four inches in length! It was a month himself certainly three feet longer than before I fully recovered from the effects before. He darted his head under my of that hugging, and to this day there is right arm, and brought it up over my something in the very name of snake that shoulder, and pressing his under jaw firmly sends a chill of horror to my heart ! down there, he gave

sudden wind that made me groan with pain. Each moment was an age of agony! each second a step

TRY YOUR FRIENDS. nearer to death!

AN EPISODE IN THE LIFE OF JOSHUA TUBBS. My knife ? 0! if I could but reach it! Why not? Why not tear it out? My TR. JOSHUA TUBBS sat in an easy arms were free. Mercy! why had I not arm-chair, staring at a very dull fire thought of this before, when my hands had in his parlor grate. There was a sympasome strength in them? Yet I would try thy evidently between the gloomy red of it. I collected all my remaining power the hollow mass of coal and the character for the effort, and made the attempt. My of Mr. Tubbs's thoughts. For as the fire trowsers were of blue cotton stuff, and was waning, Mr. Tubbs's spirit was fadvery strong; I could not tear it! I thought ing; and as the fire reminded one of a firm of the stitches. They might not be so relinquishing business and retiring, so Mr. tenacious. I grasped the cloth upon the in- Tubbs's mind rested upon a general closside of my thigh, and gave my last atom ing and winding-up of his earthly conof strength to the effort. The stitches cerns. started; they gave way! This result Verifying that ancient adage as to mis. gave me hope, and hope gave me power. fortune entertaining a great aversion to Another pull with both hands, and the loneliness, all his speculative transactions pocket was laid bare! With all the re of various kinds, hitherto so prosperous, maining force I could command, with turned upon him with a frown as black as hope of life, of home, of everything I loved night. So no wonder Mr. Tubbs was on earth in the effort, I caught the pocket gloomy, and sat staring with that leaden upon the inside and bore 'down upon it. eye at the expiring flame. There was a cracking of the threads, a “ That bill," he muttered," must be met sound of tearing cloth, and my knife was to-morrow without doubt, and yet, how in in my hands.

the world is it to be done ?" I had yet sense enough to know that the That certainly was the question. smallest blade was the sharpest, and I few months back, if anybody had hinted opened it. With one quick, nervous move to Mr. Tubbs that a matter of five hunment I pressed the keen edge upon the dred dollars would be a difficulty to him,

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