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[From Chap: 61h. - The Books printed hitherto upon this Occasion.it * * The books he mentions are such as these :' - 1. Ooe, enlitled The Light in ile Ezening,' shewing mens' need of such a Saviour as Christ is ;
2.A Letter to the Whole Jewish Nation in Europe,' which removes insensibly (the author seems to mean, in the inaniver least irritating) their false notious of the way of escaping the guilt of sin ; - 3. A Friendly Exhortation to the Jews to read the New Testament;' which contains such gracious promises to thein. This piece contains an earnest dissuasive from all evil Iratment of the Jews ; --- 4. Several piecus of the New Testament; -'5. Ca'ver's Catechising für the Benetil of the Jews ;'-6. • The Due Preparation for the Aulnoistration of Banligin,' cooferred upon a Jew ; together with a Confutatino of the Jewiso Prejudice of being God's Darlings, because they are Abraham's Children; 7. The Augshurg Confession; to (the dispersing of] which, among other things, the great stir 2'100, the Jeus, caused by the einigrillion of so many thousands of Saltzburgers, has given occasion to ;--8.: The Confutation of the Jewish Objections against the Christian Religion,' which Hugo Grotius has added to his work De feritate Religionis Christiana. Concerning the tracts published for ihe Jews, he says, in general, that the number of copies amounts to 21,500.
[From Chap. 7th. - Of the good Efects of this Undertaking,
particularly in Regard of the Press. ] 6 Concerning the printing-presi, I observe, in general, that the treatises pubiished have, for the most part, been so well received, that of 21,000 copies, but very few are left. Neither can loinit mentioning, That of all, the Jews, but a small number has been found who were exasperated by, and sot against the reading of them.
• The particular success the little tracts have met ith, cons's's in this: That the Jews are not only willing, but greedy to receive them; nay, in great crowds they have girargleit to get at them; they have not only des red to have them for thelfselves, but for their relations too. Grown people and children have sought for them; and parents have begged thend for their childrca.
"Some Jews hay them; and allow their children to do the same : they have sent for them, tu sue whether ibey were worth reading ; and paid for wem afterwaris. Some Jews have purchased a number of those little tracis, and sold i hem anong their own brethren.
They read those books, or promise to read them, on their Sabbath and give them to their wives and chudren to read. A servant was forbia by his master to read · The Light in die Svening ;' yet he hid himself, and read it privately. Another zealous Jew, who shewed a great dislike against the aforesaid treatise at first, was, four weens after, fouod reading the samo on the Sabbath ; and had nothing to guy for himself when he was Deproved for the biller inveciives he had made against it. Some are ex, cited to read the Old Tesiament with more care than they did before. They do not throw them away when they bave read them ; but take great Care in keeping of them. ·
• Many are gurprized, when they read these tracts, and do not know what to make of thein; others, wiien they are asked what they think of th-m, - say nothing, but express thergolves in a sigh. They acknowlease the author of them to be a Icared and wise man. A Jewish woman, viit ipas mich dissuaded from reading thy first epis!le of St. John, as cuntaking several things represented to her as wicked and wrongi was very much astonished when she found the contrary by reading the same. There are not a few who commend these little boaks as useful and instructive. A certain Jew, to whom a minister had given · The Letter of obtaining the Remission of Sins,' said, That he valued that present more than gold and silver. Another, who had bought · The Light in the Evening' very cheap, would not repent of his bargain, though he had given ten times the money for it; and another, who had bought the same at a bigher price, said, he should not have scrupled it, if they had asked ever so much for it. Another valued his copy worth a Louis d'or. Some, who had read the above-said treatise, declared their'opinion about it to be this: That it contained nothing but what was proved from holy writ; acknowledginr, at the same time, the fifty-third chapter of Isaian, and other passages of Scripture, to treat of the Messiah. „Such as had got some of these little pieces, have recommended them to others; and brought customers to such as sold them; nay, they have given money to poor Jews to purchase thein. They have even offered their service for the distribution of them..
"They have lamented that the Christians had not translated tbe New Testament into the Jewish dialect long ago; and expressed a great desire to see more of the like books printed. Their request is, To bave the books • of the New Testament as exactly and plainly translaled for their use as is possible. Some have solicited very much to have all the books sent them that should be printed for the future, which they promised to pay for..
• The distribution of these little tracks has given the Christians an opportunity of a fainiliar and edifying converse with the Jews; by which many doubis and scruples of theirs have been discovered and answered.
[From Chap. 8th. Of some good Effects of this Undertaking, in Relalion to the Calechumens and Proselytes, and to the Two Travelling Students.
Concerning the care taken about the proselytės and catechumens. The number of the first, who enjoy the benefit thereof, is about one huo. dred, that are come to my knowledge ; but it extends more and more, ace cording to the accounts I receive from the two travelling students, and other correspondents. By ibis we get a further insight into the state and condition of these people, which may be communicated another time; and although I have heard of such accounts of some of them as have troubled me very much, yet I have had accounts of others which have given me an occasion of joy and comfort. Some good motions and dispositions have been found among those that are instructed here. Several, especially those that have turned Papisis, have privately discovered their remaining doubts and scruples, and gratefully acknowledged the resolution of the same. Some vagaboad proselytes have readily accepted the offered method of leading a regular life. Many Christians have been ex. cited to take a greater care to provide for thos: miserable people than they ever did before. Such as were cast down, by seeing themselves aban. doncd, have had their spirits very much raised, when they perceived a more than ordinary care was taken of them.
"As io the progress of the two travelling students among the Jews, The Jens not only admit them into their houses, but visit the students in the inn, where they lodge, to discourse with them about spiritual subjects. The Jews generally pay a great attention to what ihe studenis say, look out the passages quoted in the Old l'esiament, and set them down, - desire them to repeat and explain that over again which they cannot compre. hend; and are not at all discouraged thongb their Rabbi rejects the doc. Irine. They ask abundance of questions, and are desirous to have their doubts and prejudices resolved and answered. Ons happened to have som great a desire to hear more, that he slaid with them all night, and vent to prayers with them. The Jer's charge thein to visit them agva i theis relura.
• A certain Jew, who heard a prophetical passage applied to our Redcemer, would not believe, for a great while, that the same was to be found in the Old Testament; but only supposed the students to have read! it in the New Testament. - Sometimes they have been brought to that conviction, that at last they were forced to break out into these expres. sions, saying, “ What then is to be done now, if we would escape the Lord's judgments ?"
After their discourse with them, they eagerly accept their little books, way, they ask them, and pay for them. Those who have got any, invite the students to come and explain what they do not understand.
[From Chap. 9th. - Of the Obstructions and Difficullies.
this Undertaking meets with.] 6 And here I will mention, but in few words, the first great hindranco, viz. that one seldom meets with a Jew, who is but tolerably acquainted with ihe letter of the Old Testament, a few passages excepted, which seem
as they misinterpret them to run counter to Christianily, and have been incuicated into them by their teachers. - The most learned of them are often the least experienced in holy writ, the generality of them study nothing but the Talmud ; and those who read the Scripture now and then, do it without auy hearty prayer lo God to enlighten and purify their hearts, and make thein understand what tbey read. .
• The hindrances given anong Christians to this.good work are these :1. Their dissention ; - 2. The forcing of conscience among the Papists, together with their idoiatrous ceremonies ; - 3. The wicked lives of Papisis and Protestants ; which they, though falsely, impute to the doctrine of the gospel ; - 4. The destitute condition of the proselytes, and their candalous behaviour ;:-- 5. The small hope Christians bave of tbeir real onversion *. From Chap. 10th. Some Means by which this Undertaking. may be more
and more promoted. No labour should be spared to remove the overgrown ignorance of the Jews, in rerard of the Old Tesiament; which ignorance is the great bula wark of the blind zealot Rabbies, and obstructs exceedingly the knowledge of the gospel. We shall maka it our chief business to rescue them by verbal and printed, charitable and serious, demoastrations, from the prejudices of their human traditions; and lead them to a sound koows. ledge of the word of God, contained in Moses and the prophets, as their and our fundamental rule.'
* Concerning the prejudices, ignorance, and obstinacy of the Jews, more may We seeu in Hormann's Essay, intitled • The Jewish Heart hardly to be convinced and converted.'
The Difference between the Sufferings of Christ and those of Martyre. Dear Sir,
To the Editor. Few authors have been more deservedly admired than the excellent and
learned Francis Turretine : his woiks aniply repay'lhe Christian Scholar for all the labour and time which he slevoles in the study of Biblical critic sun and sound divinits, in which ihey abound. The following Extract, from his invaluable trealis:,The Satisfaction of Christ,' is on a subject conftssediy interesting and important: it claims na' merit, but that of being a literal (perhaps too literal) transiation of the original, As the work itself has never yet appeared in an English dress (though few deserve one more) the quotation may be deemed uot aliogether unworthy a place in your Magazine ; and, if approved, may perhaps be followed by others, from ' .
yours, CASSEL. • Ip it should not appear from any other evidence, that Christ ectually suffered in his soul, yet it may most clearly be demonstrated from this one thing, that it was not bodily Torture alone, or the dread of death, which caused his sorrow; since Christ seems far more timid and fearful than numbers who have sustained tbe most cruel tortures, aad death it. sell, not only with patience, but even joyfully : for, not to meation the insensibility and madness of profape heathens, who, with undaunted courage, have met the approach of death, and even undergone it of their own accord, do we not know, that many thousands of the martyrs, that cloud of faithful wllnesses, when exposed to the most horrid lertures, and the most cruel deaths, have endured them, not only with fortitude, but even with the greatest pleasure? They manifested no sign of fear and sorrow ; but, on the coutrary, evidenced the greatest joy and exultation, even in the midst of the flames. The fires already lighted, the drawn swords, the heated gridirons, the cross, the beasts, the iron hooks, the needles, add other ancient instruments of cruelty, which were used for torturing them, excited no terror, - none of them seemed to mouro, no one wished the cup to be removed from him; but, with the utmost alacrity, they hastened to the torture as to a triumph : they offered themselves willingly to unknowo tortures, giving God thanks, with the apostles, tbat they were counted worthy to suffer for the name of Cbrist. What can be the cause of so great a difference Weak and miserable mortals manifest the greatest constancy and joy in the midst of their tortures. Poler is crucis fied, Paul is beheaded, Bartholomew is flayed, Lawrence is roasted, Ignatius is torn by wild beasis, and others are tormented in different ways, with qut any sign of grief and sorrow; but Christ, the eternal Son of God, even at the first thought of death, is afraid, pours out cries and tears, falls upon his face, and emits a sweat of blood! One of these two wust have been the cause : either Christ was more cowardly and fearful than etber men; or, in those tortures which he endured, there was something extra. ordinary, and more severe than that death of the body which burts the senses : but the first is false and blasphemous, and what Christians cannot endure; therefore, the latter must necessarily be true. We say then, That the cause, ths true and genuine cause of his grief was not death simply, but the accursed death which was before his eyes, -- the dreadful and ter-, rific sentence of an angry God! He, a frail and feeble inau, must bear, as our Surety, not some of the sios of one man, but all the sins of the elect. He saw the formidable tribunal of God, before wbich he niust ap-, pear to restore that which he took not away *, - the Judge himself, armed with inconceivable vengeance, “the Law, brandishing its curses and execrations as lightning, the Devil and the power of darkness, with all the gates of Hell menacing him, and Justice, inexorable and rigid dustice, whom he must satisły, oven to the uttermost farthing! There are the things which (and not without cause) struck Christ with fear and trembling : these drew from bim şighs, groans, and tears. We do not deny tbat he feared death in the sainc way as by uatural instinct we all fear it, to show, as Chrysosloin says, that he was a man; but no sufficient reason can be assigned why so great, şo unexampled a consternation came upon his soul, unless we ascend to the bar of God, whom he undertook to ..satisfy on our aceount. It was not the bands and chaip sof the Jews which weighed him down ; but the fetters ayd shackles of our sion, with which We was loaded : it was not the Roman oohorts which led himn away captive that filled him with lerror , for, had he pleased, he could have laid then
* Psalm lxix. 4.
tben p:ostrałe, or pat there to figbt by a single glance of his ere, as he safficientis proyed * ; bat the principalities and powers, the Prince of Death, and all his infernal ironp, with whom he had to contend: he was not givered oo account of the aujasi sentence of Pilate (for he koer he tad ropone: bot what was given him from Heaven) but for the most severe and just sentence of his tearenly Father, who demanded from him the punishments which were due from us : he did not fear the bands of mea, tougi 2 fra and cruel; but he drea led the haad of God, iato which he was about t» tar : he did not lament over the separation of soul and body ; but on accouet et the desertion of bis Father, which he was shortly to engore.
This mi ht be groved by many arguments taken from the prophecies, concerning ine pass op anu jeath of Crisi, or the account of their fulfil. mrest, recorded in the Buarzelists. Let one suffice; even the fifts-third chapter of Isaiah. Is it tot far more gerere than any bodily or common torture, that Christ was wounded oa account of our transgressions and jaiquities, was bruixed and smitien of God, that the punishment of cur in quities (and ta3 God himself punishing him as his enem ) was laid upon him, and borde by him as onr Surels, - that he was taken from prigor, frorr anxiety of mind, excited by a sease of divine wrath, and from conde peation, which believers deprecate, and iato which they sball peser come, because Christ came into it for them? Can there be any death, however Chiel and violent, like that of which the Son of God, in the perSun of David, complains? He was deserted of God, he poured out cries and roaring, yet was not heard : he was plonged into deep mire, over. flown by the floods, the waters cime into his soul, and he was eompelled to resióre what he bad not taken away : but the aposile Paul leaves the matter most un questionable, when he says, That he was • made a curse for us;' for since the curse is opposed to the blessing of Abraham, i. e. to jastification and eternal life proinised to Abrahain, it capnet be restricted to corporal death inerely; but must likewise embrace eternal, or what is equivalent to eternal death.
· Hence we clearly see the difference which subsisted between the death of Christ and the death of martyrs, and the cause why he was so much alarmed at its presence, while they rather rejoiced and gloried in it. 1. Though the martyrs were sinners, Ibey knew that they were reconciled so God, through Christ; and that there was therefore no condemnation to them. If they must suffer what was laid opon them, they knew that it was not ou account of their sing, to satisfy for them; but for the glory of God, that they might seal the truih of the gospel with their bliod : but Christ, though holy and innocent in himseif, var numbered among iranggressors; and was reckoned as guilty before the tribunal of God, that he might bear the punishment of the sins of others laid upijo him. 2. The martyrs suffered from men ; but they always found God kind and propitia ous; he was present at their conflicts, aad supplied their with strength to endure the cross: but Christ wag smitten not so much by men as of God, whose hand of vengeance he felt. Henco he is said to be smitten of God, and deserted by God. 3. The martyrs were iortured externally in their bodies ; but within they were refres:red by the consulations of the Holy Spirit, who poured out the dew of grace and joy in tae midst of the furpace; and they being filled with it, were siegthened, that they might not grow wears under their burden : bat Ciirist suffered both in body and soul, he had no external comfort, no mitigation of his grief; but, as was formerly shadowed forih in the Paschal Larnb, he was truly roasted at the fire of divme wrath ; so that without one drop of cinsolation and refreshment, he supported himself in the inidist ot the burnings of divine condemnation by the moisture (if we may be allowed the expression of