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just and illegitimate government; nor did we omit to address an instruction to our venerable brethren the bishops of those provinces.
« That government, however, was not slow! How speedily did it prove by facts, and furnish decisive evidence, that in that insiruction we had foretold what Religion had to expect from it! The occupation, the plunder of the patrimony of Jesus Christ, the abolition of religious houses, the ex. pulsion of the Holy Virgins from their cloisters, the profanation of churches, tbe allowance of unbridled licentiousness, the contempt of ecelesiastical discipline and of the Holy Canons ; the promulgation of a code, and of other laws, contrary not only to those Holy Canons, but also to the precepts of the Gospels and to the divine rights; the abasement and oppression of the clergy; the subjection of the sacred power of the bishops to the power of laymen; the force in many ways put upon their consciences; the violent displacing of them from their cathedrals, and sending them away, with other equally nefarious, equally sacrilegious atrocities against the
liberty, the iminunity, and the doctrine of the church in those our pro· vinces committed instantly, as before in all those other places which had fallen under the power of that government, – thes, these, are the wonderful rewards ! these the illustrious monuments of that astonishing attachment to the Catholic Religion, which, even at this day, is incessantly boasted of and promised !
For us, who experience so many bitternesses on the part of those from whom we could least expect them, already filled with them, and aftlcted by them on every side, we grieve not so much for the present as for the future state of our persecutors : - • for if the living Lord be angry with us a little [while, Eng. tr.] for our chastening and correction, yet shall be be at one again with his servants : but thou, who hast been the author of all mischief against the church the Hebrews] how shalt thou escape the hand of God? God will not forgive any, neither will he respect the greatness of any : for he made both the small and great, and to the most powerful be has reserved the most powerful punishment *. Moreover, we desire, that by whatever means, even by our own life, the eternal perdition of our persecutors might be prevented, and their salvation ensured !- for: still we love them; and gever have we ceased to love them! We desire Dever tv depart from that spirit of charity, that spirit of meekness + which nature has imparted to us, wbich our will has exercised, and that we might in future, as we have hitherto, spare the rod, which has been given to us, together with the charge of the whole flock of the Lord, in the person of the most blessed Peier, from the Prince of Pastors, for the correction and the punishment of wanderers, and of obdurate sheep, and for making them an example and a saluiary lerror to others.
• But this is not the moment for lenity. Every one who behol's cannot but see, unless he be wilfully blind, to what such atrocities tend, if they be not opposed in some manuer, while it may be done. On the oiher hand, there is none who does not sce, that there remains no hope, in any s'ape, that their authors either by admonitions, or by councils, or by inireaties, or by expostulations, may be reudered friendly to the church. "To those meaus they have left ng access :, they neither hear them, nor answer them, but by accumulating injuries upon injuries ; -- Dor can it be pretended that they submit to the church ass ins lo a mother, or as disciples to their mistress, -- by those who devise nothing, who do noihing, who allempt 10thing, but with intention to subject her as a servant to her master, and by sulyjecting her to overturn her very foundations.
• Whal then remains for usiv do, unless we would incur the reproach of negligence or slothfainea, or perhaps even that of having wickediy deserted the cause of God! – except to lay aride all reference to terrestrial things, to renounce all nesily prudence, and to follow the procept of ihe Gospel, + If he will not hear the church, let biai be to thee as a acathen man, and a
pahlica*.' Let them once again understand that, ' by the law of Christ, their sovereignty is subjected to our thrope : for we also exercise a sovereignty ; we add also), a more poble sovereignty, unless it were just that the spirit should yield to the flesh, and celestial things to terrestrialt. Mauy great Pootilis, illustrious by their doctrine and holiness, hy one or other of Those crimes which are subjected to anatheina by the sacred canons, have been reduced to equal extreinities in behalf of the church, against kings and contumacious princes. Shall we fear to follow their cxample even in this, afier so many crimes so pelarious, so atrocious, so sacrilegious, sa universally known, so op-nly manifest to all : Should not our fear be greater, rather to have justly deserved the accusation of having so done too lale, rather than too early ; especially, when loy this last crime, the most wicked of all that have bihertó been perpetrated against our temporal sovereignty, we are warned, that from henceforth we shall not be more free to discharge those so weighty and recessary duties of our Apostolie Ministry?
Wherefore, by ine authority of Almighty God, and of the most holy apostles Peler and Paul, and by our ow), we declare all those who after the javasion of this holy city, and the ecclesiastical dominions, and the sacri. legious violation of ihe patrimony of the blessed Peier, the Prince of the Apostles, or the Gallic troops (outra es complained of by us in the aforesaid two consistorial allocutions, and in m:ny protests and reclamations pub. lished by our order in the said city, and states of the church) agaiasi the imignity of the church, against the church itself, and ibe righis of this hols See, and its temporal authority, perpetrated either by themselves or brothers, together with all their abeiiors, advisers, adherents, or others in any manner concerned in the furthering of the aforesaid violences, we de cree that they have incurred the
GREATER EXCOMMUNICATION, with the other censures, and penalties inflicted by the Sacrod Canons, by the Apostolic Ccostitutions, and by the General Couocils; especially by that of the Council of Trent (Sess. xxii, chap. xi. de Reform) i agd if need be, we do anew excommunicate and anathematize tisem; ve declare that the have incurred, as penalties, the loss of ali and every kind of privilege grace, and indulgence, in whatsoever manier granted to them, whether by us, or by the Roman Poptiits our predecessors : uciller from this censure can they be liberated or absolved by ary, unless by us, or by the Roman Pontiit for the time being, unless in the article of death ; aud then falling aga under the same censores i case of recovery: and further, they are ipsum petent and incapable in obiain the benefit aiterding ou absolution, untii fbey have publicly retracted, revokeil, annulled, and abolished, to she utmost popsible, all and every kind of ouirage; and have effectually reinstated all things, or otherwise have wade conding a satisfaction to the church, and to us, and to this Holy fee, in the; unises aforesaid.
• Wherefore we decree and decitre by these presenis, ibat all things, and likewise all others, deserving of the most special mention, togeiher with their successors in office, shall dever, under any prolence, be in any degree relieved from the retraction, revocation, anzulins, and abolition of all the outrages above mentioned; but shall be bound to make adequate, real, and ettectual satisfaction to the church, to us, and to the said Ilus see, ac cording to these preşenis ; yca, iney are always lourd under these oblia. tions, and shall continue, in order to the validity of whatever benefits they may obtain from absolution.
"But, while we aro consirained to draw from its scabbard the sword of church soverily, we do noi in the least forgei, thahn unworthy though we .. be, we hold the place of him who, when he exercises his justee, does not forget inercy. Thercíure, we direct and command, fist our own subjects,
* Matt. xvii. .. + St. Greg. Naz. Orat, xviii. ad Maur.
and also all Christian people, in virtue of holy chedience, that none of them, on occasion of these iciters, or by any pretext derived from them, should presume to hurt, injure, prejudice, or damage in any manner what. ever, the said parties, their property, ririts, or prerogatives. Even while inflictiog those pubishmeals which God has put in our power, for so many and so great injuries,to God, and to his Holy Church, we propose to ourselves, above all, 'that those who now trouble 18 sbould be converted, and be troubled with us (St. Aug. Ps. liv. 1.) if baply it might prove thal. God sbould give them repentance to the acknowi dgnent of the truth
For these causes, lifting up our hands to Bcaven in the bumility of our heart, we do again remit and commend to God, whose, rather than ours, is that most just cause wbicia we support ; and again by his grace assisting us, we profess our readiness to drink to the very dregs, on the hehalf of his churcb, that cup which be hibis:lf first of all condescended to drink for her. We beseech and intreat him by the bowels of his mercy, that he would not despise nor reject the prayers and deprecalions addresird to him By us day apd night for their recovery. Certainly, no day so bright or equally joyful could shive for us, as that ou which it were granted us by the Divine Mercy to see our sons, vow the cause of so much tribulation and grief to us, again taking rcfuge in our paternal bosom, and specdily returning to tbe sheepfold.
• We decree that the present letters, and everything in them contained. or deducible from thein, may not at any time (even under the parties before mentioned, or any others interested in the premises, in whatever manner, or of whatever state, degree, order, pre-emine.ice, or dignity they may be, or otherwise; or who ought to be meationed individually, or specially, by any other expression or term of dignity, by pleading that they have not consented, or that having been called, cited, and heard, that they have not been sufficiently coavinced of the verily and justice of the occasion of these presents, or for any other cause, colour, or pretext whal. ever) we say, may not at any time be impeached of subreption or obreption, or pullity, or want of intention on our part, or want of consent of the partics interested, nor of any other defect whatever: neither shall they be held, inipugned, infringed, refracted, questioned, or reduced to terms of right; neither shall any remedy lie against them by special pleading, or by restitution to the import of the whole, or by other evasion of night, of fact, or of grace; neither shali this remedy, having been solicised, granted, and issued of our knowledge and plentitude of power, be questioned in judgment, or out of judgment; but the present letters shall always continue firm, valid, and efficacious, and shall maintain and obtain their full and entire effect; and by those whom they concern, and for so long as they coucern thenı, they shall be lioid inviolabile and unshaken: 80, and tot otherwise, shall they be taken by all judges, ordinary, or delegate , also hiv the Auditors of Causes of the Apostolic Palace, and liyine Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, also by the Legates a latcrc, and by the Nuricios of. the said See, and by all others enjoying or io enjoy whaisoever pre-emipence, or power ; depriving them and cach osinem, whoever he le, of the power, facuity, and authority of otherwise judging of them, and intera. preting them : declarins nuil and void whatever way be allempled against them by any one, wireiher by authority, and of knowledge, or by ignorance.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, and so far is need be, our rule, and that of the Apostolic Chancery, de jure quæsito non lullendo, and the other Apostolic constitutions and appointinenis, and whalevér other statutis and cusions established by oath, or by Apostolic confumation, or in any other Cirroboration and establishment, -- not withstanding all osages are stiks from time immemorial, ali previous privileges, indwg caces, i od A postolic
* 2 Tim ii, 25.
letters ; notwitbstanding all other, or whatsoever persons, and with whatever dignity resplendent, whether ecclesiastical or worldly, and how. ever qualified, and requiring specially to be expressed, under whatever tenor and form of words, - notwithstanding, also, whatever clause derogatory of derogatories, or other efficacious of most efficacious, or insolite, or irritating, and all other decrees, purporting to be of motion, of know. ledge, and of full power, whether consistorial, or otherwise, in whatever manner, contrary to these premises granted, yielded, made, and often repeated, and however' often they may have been seen, approved, confirmed, and renewed, -- from all and singular of them in the present instance, we derogaie ;- from their whole tenorgeneral and special, specific, express, and individual, word by word, and not only by general clauses, under whatever form expressed; - according to the tenor of these presents, as if they were here inserted and explained word for word, formally, and nothing of them omitted ; taking them as if they were wholly and sufficiently expressed and inserted in these prevents; which notwithstanding, sball still continue in their full strength and primary effect for this special purpose; and we do expressly derogate from whatever is contrary to them; and our will is that such be derogated from.
And whereas these present letters cannot be safely published, especially in those places where ihere is the greatest need, as is a notorious fact, our will is that they, or copies of them, be affixed and published at the doors of the church of the Lateran, of the Basilica of the Prince of the Apostles, also of the Apostolic Chancery, of the General Court of the Monte Citorio, and in the Square of the Campo di Fiore in this city; and that, being so affixed and published, they should be binding on all and singular who are concerned in them, as if they had been served on each of them nominally and personally.
And further our will is, that to the same letters, or otherwise printed copies of them, subscribed by tire hand of some notary public, and furnished with the seal of some person of ecclesiastical dignity, faith be givén, in every place, and among every people, as well in judgment as out of judgment, wherever they may be exhibited, as if these presents themselves were there exhibited and shewn.
Given at Rome, at the Church of Santa Maria the Major, under the Fisherman's Ring, the 10th day of July, 1809, in the Tenth Year of our Pontificate. Pios, PP. VII.'
This curious paper, which will be memorable in the annals of ecclesiastical History, needs no comment. We may, however, readily suppose, from the well-known disposition of the French Emperor, that this bold act : of his Holiness would be warmly resented. We are informed, by the public papers, that the Pope had been escorted, ucier e strict guard, to Savona, where he had been kept in close confinement several days. He was then removed to Grenoble, with a desigo, as it was supposed, of being taken farther into France; but the people flocked with such eagerness from all parts to pay homage to the unfortunate Pontiff, increasins in numbers in proportion to his progress, that the French Guieral deemed it prudent to return with him to Savova, till further orcers were received from Paris. No person is permitted to see him, but those to whose care he is in. trusieit.
It is added, That before he left Rome; ai are of the dreadful measures to which the French Ruler might have recourse, in order to extort from him what measures his policy might require, nad, in conjunction with the body of Cardinals, chosen his coadjunior and successor to the Pon. tificate, who is said to be ibe Archbishop ví Palermo.
fears and, doubts soon succeeded ; MR. JOHN DANDO
together with such a view of the
exceeding sinfulness of sin, as at Was the eldest son of the late Mr.
timas much dejected him, and renJohn Daodo, of Dursley, in Gluu dered hiin doubtful of his interest cestershire, who was the principal in the everlasting covenant. These instrument in introducing the gos- exercises, however, were abundantly pel into that town; and who, after blessed to him, as he was led to many years living an ornament to form a more proper estimate of the his Christian profession, died some- merits of the adorable Redeemer, what more than 30 years ago, in the in whose finished work he was ultifull assurance of faith.
mately brought to place the most Mr. Dando enjoyed the advan entire confidence. The eternal tages of a religious education. Very Spirit having thus illuminated his early in lise he was the subject of mind, every circumstance toat tend. many serious impressions; which ed to debase and humble the sinner continued for a considerable time, and exalt the blessed Saviour, gave and were accompanied with a more him the greatest delight and satisthan ordinary atłachment to the faction. Many of the energetic dispoople and ways of God. These courses of the laie venerable George promising appearances, however, Whitfield were made very useful io did not continue without interrup: him; and he has been beard to ex. tion. As he grew towards manhood,
press his attachment to tbat great the propensities of his corrupt na
and good man in the strongest ture soun withered these early blos.
terms. somg; and for some time, youthful Mr. Dando was a member of the folly prevailed above his better judg. dissenting congregation, at Rodment: but God, by his specia! grace, borough, in Gloucestershire, for upwould not permit this indiffereuce to wards of 30 years; and woen the his best interests long to remain ; for Rev. Toomas Adams, who several when he was about the age of 18, he years was a faithful and zealous mi. was led, from motives of curiosity, to nister at that place, died, he was hear a Mr. Darby preach, who, at appointed one of the trustees of the that time, was a drummer in the Tabernacle there, wilh a strict inarmy; but who afterwards settled junction to be watchful against the as a preacher at Witney, in Oxtorde introduction of unscriptural docshire. During the sermon, he be- trmes. During his long residence in ca me enraptured and almost over this neighbournood, tiis friends will, whelmed with the display of God's doubtless, recollect with pieasure boundiess love and goodcess to siu. che many pleasant hours they bave pers, through Jesus Christ. His spent together,--what sweet coursel powers were all absorbed in the they have taken together, as they contemplation of this blessed theme; have gone to and from the house of and, ere he was aware, his soul be- Gos!" They will a's) bear in mind came' like the chariots of Ammin the strict integriti, consistent walk, nadib.' In this delightful frame of and holy ciis versation of their de.. mind he continued for some time, parted fritud. ärdently longing to be released from After Mr. Dando had lived with the body of sin, and to be a tinitted hs first wife more inaa 30 years, it into that ineffable state of happi. ess pleased the almisty tu doprive him of which he now had such a de- of this comfort *. Altho' he was no lightful foretaste : bui, is it is with the whole enabied to bear this great must in the Christian course, many trial with tolerabie fortitude, yet,
* See an account of her sudden death in our Magazioe for August last,