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Minturn, and her grandsons, Robert Bowns and Robert Minturn, my late kind companion Samuel Wood and daughter, and divers other Friends, after an affectionate and long farewell of each other, I went on board the steam-boat, which was to take us down to the packet. There were only five cabin-passengers besides myself, but a great number of steerage-passengers ; the captain kindly accommodated me with a large state-room. Before we had made much way, a severe storm of thunder, lightning, and rain arose, after which the air was more cool and temperate ; we sailed with a wind, which, had it continued, it was expected would have taken us to Liverpool in about twenty days; but we were so frequently becalmed, and had a head-wind to contend with, that our expectations in this respect were frustrated. On taking a pilot on board, he informed us there had been the most severe storm on the Irish coast that had been known for several years; many vessels had been wrecked and lost: this information afresh excited in my mind thankfulness that our first prospect of a quick passage had been frustrated; for had we made our passage agreeably to our first calculation, the probability was, we should have been in the very mouth of it.

Seventh-day afternoon, after a passage of twenty eight days, I was released from the society of two as wicked men- -cabinpassengers, as I ever before had been in company with, and I set my feet on one of the docks in Liverpool, where I was kindly received by Thomas and Frances Thompson and other Friends.

Fourth-day, I went by coach to Sheffield ; and on Seventhday, proceeded by coach to London.

First-day, attended Gracechurch-street meeting, and a burial at Bunhill-fields, where I met with a mournful company round the grave-side of a young woman, whose removal had been sudden and unexpected to her parents. After which a kind young friend drove me down to Tottenham, where I found my dear wife and children, favoured with health. We mutually enjoyed each other's society again, after my absence from home of three years and one month. May I never forget the multiplied mercies of my Divine Care-taker, amidst the many perils and dangers, to which I have been exposed; but above all, in that He was pleased to hear and answer my daily petitions to him to preserve me out of the hands of men of unsound principles, who, I had good ground for believing, were watching for opportunities to ensnare me; and in that the retrospect affords a consoling evidence, through adorable mercy and preservation, that nothing of an offensive nature have they justly to lay to my charge. Oh! may 1 in future be found walking worthy of these unmerited favours, saith my soul !



In the year 1830, apprehending I was called upon by my Divine Master, to bring more generally into view some parts of the Address, I had believed it required of me to issue a few years back, to our own religious Society, I endeavoured to know this subject properly matured, and when I believed this was the case, a care was on my mind to be favoured to see the right time for me to engage in it: believing this time was fully come, I earnestly besought the Lord for help, to select such parts and make such additions as would be in accordance with His holy will. Having, as I apprehended, been enabled to do the needful in this respect, and put it into the hands of a friend for revision, in the year 1831, it was printed for circulation as follows:



“ In the first place let me put you in mind of the nature and importance of our taking upon ourselves this profession, this name of Christ, which demands of us, that through his holy help we depart from iniquity: ‘Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity,' (2 Tim. ii. 19,) by living, acting, and moving in all our civil, as well as religious engagements, under the influence and government of the Spirit of Christ Jesus, our Lord and Lawgiver; that whether we eat, drink, or whatsoever we do, God may in all things be glorified. (1 Cor. x. 31.)

“Christ must become the chief corner-stone of our building, our fundamental principle; therefore let us well consider how far the general tenour of our conduct, corresponds with this profession ; how far we are each earnestly endeavouring to be found in all things conformable to the example and precepts of this great and holy pattern of all Christian perfection,---of Him who has trod the path of temptation and trial before us, but rejected


every snare of the enemy. Should this not be the case with us, is there not a danger, from our example, to the less concerned part of mankind, who, watching our progress in the Christian course with a jealous eye, will have to consider us like the evil spies to the children of Israel, and thus receive, through our lukewarm profession, discouragements, and hinderances; instead of being attracted to a pursuit of the prize, by our more obvious faithfulness? “Be ye holy, for I the Lord your God, am holy.' (Deut. xix. 2.) •Be ye perfect even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.' (Matt. v. 48.)

“Let us remember, that however we may be at peace with ourselves by thus professing, but not doing, the best in our power to attain this perfect stature of the Christian, that whatever our name or denomination as to religion may be, we are but branding ourselves with the odious character of hypocrites in the estimation of the more irreligious part of mankind : and let us call to mind, that the sad effects of this dissembling will not end here ; for if this mode of conduct be persisted in, we must expect that we shall incur the woe pronounced by our blessed Lord; Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites: for ye shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for ye neither go in yourselves, neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in.' (Matt. xxiii. 13.) If every one that nameth the name of Christ is to depart from iniquity, is it not in an especial manner obligatory on all who are making a profession of Christianity, to endeavour to attain to a state of purity of conduct and converse amongst men ?

“ In addition to the declarations of holy men of old, handed down to us through the medium of the Sacred Writings, I believe that the first reformers were also raised up in their day to bear testimony to the sufficiency of that divine principle of light and life in all mankind, through'Jesus Christ, which would direct them to the heavenly Canaan, and strengthen them to walk in obedience thereunto ; these confirming the truth of their testimony by the general tenour of their conduct; giving ample proof to even the more careless, that through submission to its holy appearance in their hearts and minds, they were mercifully redeemed from the world and its spirit-not only from its pleasures, but also from its profits--and were enabled to count all things appertaining to this life but as dross and as dung, so that they might win Christ. (Phil. iii. 8.) Thereby they became as an ensign to the nations; and were, I doubt not, made preciously instrumental in the Divine hand, to awaken others, and gather souls unto God.

“ But, alas ! my professing Christian brethren, of every denomination, is there not cause, in this day, to take up the lamentation against us and say: 'How has the gold become dim, and the most fine gold changed? How is the love of God, and that humility and self denial formerly so manifest, now, by many professing the Christian name, exchanged for the love of other things—the pleasures and treasures of this world, and an eager desire to make an appearance of greatness amongst men ! That this sorrowful change has taken place, and is increasingly so amongst the professed followers of a meek and humble Redeemer, cannot be denied cannot be controverted.

“ Yet, notwithstanding the siftings that have of late years so frequently occurred, relative to our commercial concerns as a nation, there is reason to fear that many have not profited by the things they have had for a time to endure, whilst sailing on the unstable ocean of commerce. Although they have seen, with clearness, the instability of all mundane concerns, the utter uncertainty of them, and the necessity of seeking after durable riches and righteousness, yet they have lost sight of these again when a season of calm has succeeded the heavy gales they had to endure, and the danger that threatened. Thus they had become like unto a man who beholding his natural face in a glass, goeth his way, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was.' (James, i. 23, 24.) For want of abiding under these renewed visitations of the great Head of the Church, how evident is it that we soon forget again our own deformities, and are thus in danger of adding sin to sin.

Do not these things loudly call upon all professing Christians, to be individually willing to enter timely into the closet of the heart, and seek for divine help to shut the door thereof against carnal reasoning, the unsanctified use of great acquirements, and the love of the world, which there is cause to fear has overpowered the better judgment of many of the well-disposed amongst the different professors of Christianity ? Hereby, as we become willing to stand open to Divine conviction, we may be favoured each one to sce in what manner and how far we may have contributed to this sorrowful declension, and timely amend our ways and our doings; seeing we are yet mercifully followed as a nation, immediately, by the great Head of the Church, Christ Jesus, the sent of the Father, in his spiritual appearance on our souls; in order, that through a willingness on our parts to become subject to his all-controlling power and government, he might redeem us from all iniquity; and also, instrumentally, with line upon line, line upon line. Oh! how applicable is the language of the Most High, (formerly uttered) to his dealings as respects this our highly-favoured nation : * How shall I give thee up, Ephraim ? How shall I deliver thee, Israel ? . How shall I make thee as Admah ? How shall I set thee as Zeboim ?' (Hosea, xi. 8.)-cities that were overthrown for their rebellion. Then how can we magnify that mercy and longsuffering which has hitherto spared us? Must it not be by un

reserved obedience to the dictates of the Holy Spirit, in our daily walks through life?

“ May we no longer, as professing Christians, be found walking unworthy of these multiplied mercies, but be prevailed upon to return to the good old ways; that we may also be found in those paths of holiness of life and conversation, in which the holy men of old, and first reformers walked, even under sore travail of mind and suffering of body, waste of their outward substance, and persecution unto death. Oh! let us be no longer trampling upon their testimonies, by slighting the many great and gracious privileges of this day of outward ease, free from the dangers and persecutions our forefathers were exposed to, and unmolested as it respects our various religious tenets ; lest, if we still continue refusing to yield our necks to the same precious yoke of Christ, which they took upon them, and will not cast away from us those things which have led into captivity to the world, to its spirit, its maxims, its manners, and deceitful ways—our gods of gold, of silver, of wood, and of stone,—the Almighty may see meet, after long forbearing in love and mercy with this our favoured nation, to rise up and plead with it in judgment; and the declaration formerly uttered respecting the children of Israel may be fulfilled respecting this land: 'You only have I known of all the families of the earth : therefore I will punish you for all your iniquitics.' (Amos, iii. 2.)

"I have long been led to believe, that the advancement of the Redeemer's kingdom is more especially obstructed by such as are making a profession of religion, and are active members of the society they are in connexion with, contending for the faith once delivered to the saints in words, but whose general conduct respecting their commercial transactions, manner of living, houses and furniture, does not correspond with that humility and selfdenial, which the doctrines, precepts, and example of our Holy Redeemer enjoin ; thus giving proof that they are friends of the world, and not of Christ Jesus: the fruits brought forth by such, also testifying, that within they are like the whited sepulchres, full of dead men's bones and all uncleanness, (Matt. xxiii. 27 ;) and that the spirit of the world is the governing principle in most, if not in all, their actions amongst men; pursuing the world as if they counted gain godliness, and not, as must be the case with the true disciples and followers of Christ, godliness with contentment to be the greatest riches; (1 Tim. vi. 5, 6;) proclaiming, in the language of conduct, their disregard of the nature and extent of their business, if there be but a prospect of a good .profit attached to it; whereby the gifts, which the god of this world bestows upon these his votaries, have blinded the eyes of many who, I doubt not, were once favoured to see clearly the things which belong to peace and salvation. Oh! these professing worldlings,

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