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Fifth-day, 19th of 4th mo. 1827, the closing meeting for worship was held; after which we rode to Galen, where we took up our abode for the night.
First-day, we attended meeting at New Hartford; the meeting was chiefly composed of those of other religious persuasions; afterwards we rode to Utica. On Fourth-day we attended Galway meeting, which was attended by heads of families only, it not being much the practice to bring the children to week-day meetings hereaway; this subject I found I must allude to in the meeting, and also the practice of Friends bringing their dogs with them to meeting. We rode then to Milton, and took up our abode for the night.
Fifth-day, attended Milton meeting, after which we rode to Saratoga. I understood that on the morrow we should have to cross the river in what is called a scow; we also heard that the late heavy rains had occasioned such a flood and current in the river that it had been deemed unsafe to venture; as however there did not appear any other course for us but to proceed, I retired quietly to bed, leaving all further considerations of the subject till morning.
Sixth-day morning, we proceeded to the ferry; when we were about the middle part of the river, the current ran at a great rate, one of our horses became very uneasy, so much so, I feared his becoming unmanageable; the bottom of the scow to the tide-edge was so very low, we could not have prevented his going over into the river had he been so inclined. I hope I may say, I felt truly thankful when our horses and waggon were safely landed on the eastern shore in the state of Vermont. We proceeded towards Danby, intending to reach Salem this night; but after we had pursued our journey about ten miles, we were obliged to alter our course, being informed that the bridge on the road we were taking to Salem, had the day before broken down, and let a waggon and horses into the stream. I thought it might be considered a merciful escape for us, and fresh cause for gratitude, amidst all our trials, that we have hitherto escaped harm this way, considering the many rotten and decayed bridges over deep waters we had Seventh-day, after travelling over a rough, mountainous road, we were favoured to reach our kind friend Aaron Roger's, at Danby, this afternoon.
First-day, attended their usual meeting; many of their members and attenders of meeting, we were informed, were absent, but if we could stay and have another meeting amongst them, a more general attendance would be likely to take place; but not feeling the necessity laid upon me to yield to this information, I concluded it would be safest for us to leave to-morrow.
Third-day, 1st of 5th mo., 1827, we proceeded by Granville
towards Queensborough, and after a fatiguing and heavy day's travel, we were favoured to reach our friend Caleb Dean's. I attended the select preparative meeting; a small company, and next day was at the monthly meeting, in which I was comforted in feeling the early, quiet manner in which the meeting settled down. We next proceeded by Fort Ann, Shoreham, towards Ferrisburgh our horses appeared so jaded with the last three days' bad roads which we have travelled, that I feared their holding out through this day's journey; when we reached the tavern we were to bait our horses at, we could neither procure oats nor Indian corn for them; the grasshoppers had been so numerous the last summer as to destroy the crops of grain in this part of the country; nothing but hay could here be procured.
First-day, I attended Strasburgh meeting; in the afternoon we rode to Monkton, a meeting being appointed to be held there at my request; whilst on my feet, engaged in testimony, a child, that was running about the meeting-house, placed itself before me, looking up in my face, smiling and playing its little antics, on which I made a full stop, requesting the mother of the child would take it to herself, which, to my great grief, occasioned the mother to leave the meeting; assured, as I since have been, that had I endeavoured simply to attend to my Master's business, the actions of this innocent child would not have embarrassed my mind during the exercise of my gift. We took up our abode for the night with our friend Joseph Hoeg.
Fourth-day, I attended the select quarterly meeeting, very few in number; and, next day, the quarterly meeting for discipline: the business of this, as well as other meetings in this quarterly meeting appears to be very much done by the clerk, very few (if there are such) manifest by their words a godly zeal for the right support of the discipline of the Society.
Sixth-day, the public meeting was held; after which we rode to Shoreham. First-day, attended the usual meeting.
Second-day morning, accompanied by A. Potter, his wife and daughter, and another waggon of Nathaniel Potter's, we proceeded towards Easton. On our stopping to bait, the women complained much of the head-ache from the heat of the sun, their waggon not having a cover over the top. I offered them
seats in our waggon, and took my seat in one of theirs. In going down a hill, at a sharp turn, one of the swingle-trees of our traces came off, forced the waggon against the horse's heels, set them a kicking in a violent manner; at this trying moment the neck-yoke came off, whereby the whole weight of our waggon coming upon the horses, forced them across the road down a steep, it was said thirty feet; my companion and a young woman jumped out, in going down the precipice the horses broke loose from the waggon and ran off with the traces at their heels: the waggon in going
close of their worship to-day, and to meet us at the school-master's house. Previous to the meeting, my companions expressed a belief this day's work would not all be time lost, with which my mind could fully unite the countenance of the Episcopalian preacher, whilst reading my certificate, I thought evidently manifested that some of the expressions he met with therein touched him to the quick, although he opposed our having the use of the house. Having thus far done all in our power towards our views being accomplished, we rode to Burford, and were kindly received by James Fell and his wife, where I was favoured to have a comfortable night's rest.
Second-day morning, we proceeded to the settlement again: on our approaching the Indian place of worship, observing the window-shutters opened, and the bell ringing, I was ready to conclude the preacher had recanted his former opinion; but this we found was not the case, but that the doctor had given orders for the bell to be rung, to give notice of the time of the meeting. After arriving at the school-house, several male and female Indians assembled: our interpreter appeared to give what we had to offer, in a manner that led me to hope he felt some of the weight of it; from the solid countenances some of the company manifested at our parting, I was encouraged to believe our visit would not be altogether in vain.
The next day we left Burford, and proceeded towards Norwich, and took up our abode at the house of Frederick Stover. In consequence of the divided state of the members of this select monthly meeting, this meeting had been dissolved by the halfyear's meeting, and such of the members as retained their stations were united to the select meeting of Yonge-street.
Fourth-day morning, the meeting for discipline was preceded by a meeting for worship, which was largely attended, but much interrupted by the late comers-in to the meeting, and the great number of dogs that were brought to the meeting-place, barking most of the meeting-time: but, alas! as the business of the monthly meeting proceeded, I found there was much more to try the rightly-exercised mind than these things; it soon became manifest, that the enemy to all right order in religious society had obtained a place in the minds of not a few of the members of this meeting, and that the meeting was become like a house divided against itself: and unless a remedy be soon applied, there appeared no other prospect, but that this monthly meeting must be dissolved, as had been the case with the select monthly meeting the meeting sat six hours, not because of the multiplicity of business that came before it, but from a want of unanimity in transacting the concerns of the Society.
On Sixth-day (12th of 1st mo.), we left Ancaster, on our way to York, and made a halt at the residence of a man who
once had been in membership with Friends. When he understood how we were engaged, he inquired if I intended to make a stop amongst them and give them a sermon; this matter being mentioned to me by one of our company for my consideration, I thought I could truly say there was no answer from my Great Master that would have justified me in taking such a step; and therefore we moved forward and lodged at an inn. The Messasagua tribe of Indians had at times come before me, and occasioned me some exercise of mind; understanding we were in the neighbourhood of a settlement of part of the tribe, the subject again came weightily before me; but the mixed company we were obliged to sit with in our inn, and the conversation kept up, precluded me from coming to any clear judgment in the case.
The next morning, we rode thirteen miles, and breakfasted at an inn, which afforded us an opportunity of making inquiry respecting the road to the settlement, and the individuals that had the most influence in this portion of the tribe. While these inquiries were going on, I felt so stripped and emptied of all good, that the prospect of our proceeding to try to have a meeting with them felt very humiliating; and yet I found I must stand resigned to it, if I preserved a conscience void of offence in the sight of Him, before whom every knee must bow, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord over all. Having received the necessary information, we pursued our journey towards the River Credit, where this part of the Messasagua tribe reside: the depth of snow, unbeaten road, and a large tree lying across it, so impeded our progress, that I feared we must have turned back again; but our driver so skilfully managed this matter, as to force our horses and our sledge over the tree, but not without some suffering to ourselves from the jolt we had to endure. Soon after which, we entered a road so grown over with trees and shrubs, that one of our company was under the necessity of resorting to our axe, which we carried with us, and to cut our way through; but my mind was preserved quiet through the whole of these trials of faith and patience; and on leaving this narrow pass, we soon found ourselves entering upon a part of the settlement. Agreeably to the direction we had received, we proceeded to the house of Peter Jones, an Indian of half-blood; he spoke English well; we had previously been informed he was a pious man, and a preacher in connexion with the society of Methodists. On our reaching his habitation, we found it clean and well furnished, which appeared to be generally the case in this settlement, as far as our observations extended, every thing about the settlement manifesting marks of civilization. He received us with cordiality: I presented him with my certificates, which, when he had read, I opened my prospect of a meeting with the Indians in their settlement; to which he unhesitatingly replied, there would be no dif
ficulty, showing us their meeting-place. He went to the door of his house, blew his horn a few times, soon after which I observed the Indian men and women, the latter wrapt in their clean blankets, as is their custom, making their way towards the meeting-house. Not more than half an hour had elapsed, from the time of our first arrival, before our kind friend Peter Jones informed us he believed the meeting was now gathered; and he taking the lead, we followed him. The building is a commodious one for the united purposes for which it was intended,- a meetinghouse and school-house, equal to accommodate nearly three hundred persons: the women were seated on one side of the house, by themselves, and the men on the other side, the youth and children seated immediately under the notice of the preacher and the more aged Indians of the settlement, in order to have the oversight of them during the time of religious worship: the solid deportment of both the men and the women was very conspicuous. Feeling myself called upon to stand upon ny feet, my kind friend, P. Jones, rose with me, delivering in the Indian language, sentence by sentence, what I had to offer to the people, and in a disposition of mind, that evidently proved he was brought under the weight of the task he had to perform: we had reason to believe what we had to deliver amongst them had found place in their minds, from the tenderness that was manifested when the meeting closed: under feelings of gratitude for that help we had been in mercy favoured with from our heavenly Father, we separated. This we were informed was the first visit of the kind that had been made to the settlement by Friends. I felt thankful when taking our leave of our worthy friend, P. Jones, and this part of the tribe, in believing we had left an open door for such of our friends as should hereafter feel a like concern. From the acknowledgment made by him, of the satisfaction the meeting had afforded them, and the desire that was expressed that we might have them in remembrance when absent from them, I left the settlement well satisfied we had not passed them by, and made our way through the woods again into the main-road, taking up our abode for the night at an inn.
First-day morning, we rode to York to breakfast, and concluded it best, as there was not any meeting of Friends in this place, to remain at our inn during the day, as quietly as our situation would allow of, except making a visit to an individual who once had a claim to membership in my native land. I had been informed, there were several serious persons in the town, that no difficulty would be found in having a meeting, and that the town's people were expecting such would be the case; I hope I can say in great truth, I stood quite resigned to have taken such a step, could I have seen with clearness it was called for at my hands. Some of the company at our inn, who by some means became acquainted with my errand to this country, queried with me, if I