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to the extremity of the cold, as he must be, night and day, was a fresh and continued trial to my mind, until I heard of his safe arrival at his own home, but in a yet more enfeebled state of body than when he left me.
First-day, 4th of 2d mo., attended the usual meeting held at Ameliasburg
Third-day, we attended the meeting of Coal-creek : Friends meet in a private room, which was much crowded, and for want of better management in making the fire, the air of the room became so oppressive, that some of our company were under the necessity for a short time to leave it, which proved a great interruption to the quiet of the meeting. After the meeting closed, we went home with John Valentine, formerly of the city of Dublin, in Ireland, to their very comfortable, hospitable log-house, which furnished every comfort for the weary traveller, and that sweet, outward quiet, which in degree conduces to quietude of mind; and this, at times, proves instrumental in replenishing the bodily powers. Here tarrying for the night, I received a fresh lesson of instruction, that man wants but little here below, to come at the real enjoyment of this life. I thought the situation of this family, settled as they were in the woods, near six miles from any highroad, out of the way of the temptation to make a figure in life, which is so continually before the eyes of those who live in cities and towns, was a striking one; and so truly content they appeared to be with their allotment : yet the enemy of all righteousness, I found, had obtained hold in the minds of some of the members of this meeting, by producing a warm disagreement relative to the place for building a meeting-house upon, which has prevented its going forward, although they are much incommoded where they now meet.
We rode to Pickering, and next day to Uxbridge, mostly through the woods : a large tree having fallen in the night across our path, we were obliged to do our best in making our way through the brush-wood, which not a little harassed our poor horses, but we were favoured to reach our quarters early in the evening.
First-day, (11th of 2d mo., 1827,) the wind during the night blew a hurricane, which awakened fears in my mind, as our journey to Whitchurch after meeting to-day lay through the woods, that we should have much difficulty to contend with, before we reached our quarters at night; but as it rarely happens much advantage is gained by our anticipating difficulties, I endeavoured so to cast all future care of this sort behind me, as not to have my mind unfitted for that which might be the duty of the coming day. Attended the usual meeting here, in which I was enabled to enter into near sympathy with the few members of the meeting, who are mourning under
sense of that state of barrenness and poverty, with which
many of these brethren in religious profession are contenting themselves; after meeting we proceeded to Whitchurch, a journey of twelve miles through the woods; the snow was very deep, and we had at times snow-drifts to pass over in the valleys; they had the appearance, on approaching them, of letting us in and smothering us and our horses. I felt truly thankful when we reached our destined abode for the night, where we were kindly cared for by our friend Asey Randall.
Fifth-day, we attended the monthly meeting at Yonge-street ; the meeting for worship was largely attended ; many of other societies gave us their company. Early in the meeting I rose on my feet, and delivered that which I believed was the word of the Lord to the people. After I sat down, an acknowledged minister, who stood high with a party in the meeting, arose, declaring that our supposing Adam's transgression had in any way affected his posterity was an absurd thing, and to suppose the coming of Christ in the flesh was to redeem mankind from sin, was equally absurd. Never before having heard such a manifest public avowal of these antichristian principles, which were so evidently making their way in the minds of many of our Society in this half-year's meeting, I was brought into a trying situation ; but feeling I must not suffer the meeting to close without endeavouring, as help should be afforded me, to maintain the ground I had taken in the opening of the meeting; and yet the consequences were to be feared from the strong party the individual had in the meeting ; I stood upon my feet, and informed the meeting, notwithstanding what had been last communicated was in direct contradiction to what I had offered in the meeting, and altogether at variance with the wellknown doctrines of the Society of which I was a member, yet I durst not recall a word of any thing I had offered. In propagating these anti-christian principles, a party-spirit had so spread in the minds of some of the members of this meeting, and such opposition to the conducting the discipline in the true spirit of it was manifested, that the meeting sat from eleven in the morning until near six in the evening before it closed.
Sixth-day, 23d of 2d mo., 1827, we proceeded towards York, where I expected to find letters from home, not having yet received any since I landed on the American shore ; but this was not the case: my patience was to be further tried in this respect, as I heard that a letter from England had been in the post office for me, but was forwarded to the place we had left last : we took up our abode at an inn.
Seventh-day, having a journey of fifty miles to accomplish, to be at Pelham meeting to-morrow, we made an early start, but found the snow so deep and such drifts to encounter, that we were in great danger of being overturned; but before it was quite dark we reached in safety our friend Stephen Becket's.
First-day morning, we rode about five miles to Pelham meetinghouse, the meeting was large; it appeared to separate under a solemn covering, for which i humbly hope many of our minds were made truly glad.
On Fourth-day we left Pelham, and rode to Black-creek:here we attended the usual week-day meeting ; it was to me a time of inward quiet, for which I hope I felt truly thankful to that Almighty Power, who only is able to still that roving of the mind, which the unwearied enemy fails not to produce and foster, if he can, to defeat the end proposed by our assembling together. We next rode to the house of Joseph Mash, where we received every possible attention. On Sixth-day we left this comfortable family, and took to our waggon again, for the ferry at Black-rock, in order to cross the Niagara river, which ferry is above the great Falls. The scow, as it is called, which was to take us, our horses, and waggon over, appeared very small for the purpose ; and in consequence of the current's running very strong, we were obliged to pass a considerable way up the river, which is considered about three-quarters of a mile wide at this crossing. I began to fear one of our horses would have become unruly, but we were favoured to land safely on the Buffalo side of the river ; here I received good accounts from home of my dear wife and family. We then rode to Hamburgh, and were kindly received by John Durham's wife and family, he being from home.
First-day, we attended the usual meeting held here, which was greatly disturbed by the noise of the dogs brought by members of the meeting, also by Friends moving to and from the stove to warm themselves. Endeavouring to acquit myself faithfully on these and other subjects which arose in my mind, I left the meeting-house peacefully. In the afternoon I had a religious opportunity with a number of young Friends, and the day closed with feelings of gratitude for the help that had been dispensed : may the praise of all be given to Him who sits on the throne and to the Lamb,-is the prayer of my soul. We attended the monthly meeting held at this place next day.
Fifth-day, we proceeded towards Collins : on our way we were informed, that the bridge over a stream which crossed the mainroad, over which we were to have travelled, was broken down, and we were advised to take a road through a swamp; we proceeded agreeably to the instruction given us, without much difficulty for a few miles; after which our difficulties began. My companion, who had been a great traveller in this wildernesscountry, acknowledged he never before had met with such a dangerous, bad piece of road, as we had now come to; in one place we were all obliged to get out of the waggon and take to our feet to get it through the swamp; in consequence of which, stepping as I supposed, on a parcel of leaves, 1 sank down into a mud-hole
half-way up my legs, and had not my companion come to my assistance, finding myself sinking deeper and deeper, it hardly seems likely I could have extricated myself from this perilous situation. The road we were upon was so narrow, we could not turn about our carriage to pursue our journey back again; and to proceed forward, appeared to be attended with great danger and difficulty to ourselves, our carriage, and our poor horses, which last were obliged to put forth their whole strength to bring the waggon out of the mud-holes. But we found again to our discouragement, that we had as great a difficulty to encounter, by coming to the stump of a very large tree, which we could only pass on one side ; on the other side of our road there was a mud-hole, which appeared deep enough to take in the whole of our carriage, and the road was so narrow we doubted the possibility of our escaping an upset ; but as no other way appeared for us than to attempt to do our best, my companion keeping the horses to their work with all his skill, managed to get the carriage through, but not without apprehension the harness and carriage had received damage. This last effort was so great, that our poor horses for some time after, when they came in sight of a hole, in which was mud or water, appeared struck with so much terror, that they would make a halt, and then plunge through with all their might: at length we reached our friend Samuel Tucker's.
The next morning, we proceeded to Collins meeting-house, and attended their monthly meeting. A difficult case came before the meeting, which considerably agitated the minds of Friends, so much so, I could not but fear, unless there was more of a disposition manifest to labour after brotherly condescension, it would have a tendency to break that bond of love and unity, which only will preserve our religious Society as a city that is compact together. After meeting we rode to our friend Isaac Shearman's.
Seventh-day morning, we rode to David Pound's, intending to be at Clear-creek meeting to-morrow. My mind having been drawn to make a visit to the Seneca tribe of Indians at Cataragus,
a the concern continued with me, and being now in the neighbourhood of their settlement, I opened my prospect to some Friends of Clear-creek, who arranged matters for a meeting with them on Second-day.
First-day morning, (4th of 3rd mo.) attended Clear-creek meeting: the house was much crowded by Friends and others; it proved to me an exercising, trying meeting; and yet I thought I felt cause for thankfulness, that my lot had been amongst Friends here. The next morning, accompanied by several Friends, we proceeded to the Cataragus settlement, as emptied and stripped as I think I ever witnessed; I was even tempted to call in question the propriety of the step which had been taken by Friends at my
request, to have the tribe called together. I sighed and I wept in the inmost of my soul to the Lord for strength, that I might be preserved faithful to his requirings; and if silence was the word of command in the meeting I was about to have with the Indians, it might be faithfully maintained by me. arrival at the council-house, where the meeting was to be held, I could scarcely suppress my voice being heard in a strain of language, which would have disclosed the feelings of anguish my soul was plunged into. We found some chiefs and other Indians were already assembled in the council-house, a building constructed of wood, about one hundred feet by thirty feet; the floor was boarded, except three spaces of bare earth left for kindling fires ; over each of which a space was left in the roof for the smoke to escape ; these holes also were intended to admit light, there not being windows to any part of the house. On each side of the house were platforms placed about four feet wide, to answer the purpose of seats, and to sleep upon when their councils lasted longer than one day. The head chief received us with marks of respect, and which, as far as my observation served me, has been the case wherever I have met with Indians of
tribe, who have manifested great respect for members of our Society. They were very slow in gathering : after we had waited an hour, the chief warrior, Wondongluthta, a man of grave countenance, stepped forward, and taking off his hat and placing his hands on the back of a chair, he expressed himself, through the interpreter, as follows; which was afterwards confirmed to me by a Friend present well versed in the Indian language.
“ Brother, we received a notice two days ago, by a particular friend, that you requested an opportunity with the Indians of Cataragus; this is the day you wished to meet with us, we have now come together at your request ; we are pleased to see you, also the kind friends who are with you, and are thankful we have all met in good health. Brother, we understand you have come a long journey from a distant country, and have crossed the great salt water; and, amongst others, to visit us red people living in this place. Brother, the Good Spirit must have strengthened your mind in so great an undertaking, and we hope he will still be with you, and protect you on your way. We are now ready to hear what you may have on your mind to say to us; we are always disposed to listen to the counsel of those who feel a desire for our welfare, and we wish you to communicate freely the whole of your message to us. You must not feel disappointed that we are not all got together ; many of our people are gone to the woods to make sugar; we will at some convenient time explain to those that are not present what we shall hear from you. (A Friend, well acquainted with their manners, assured me this would