spring from on high visited our world-renders worship in spirit and in truth in all cases hard, and in some all but impossible—and makes the Scripture, which is the Word of God, and the Revelation of God, as He is in His glory and unity, a sealed book, all a mystery, the New Testament conflicting with the Old; one part of the new, in the highest of all its revelations, and that which lies at the root of all religion, at variance, irreconcilable with another. Not so, as my letter said, in the Christian Church at the beginning, nor until the Nicene creed and controversy, and still more the Athanasian creed, departing entirely from the Apostles' Creed, and from the idea of God which lies at its root, eclipsed the light of Christ in Christendom, and so prepared the way not only for the dense darkness of Popery, but for the endless divisions, disruptions, and unbrotherly feuds and sects that have made Protestantism in so many lands, and Presbyterianism in our own, stink in men's nostrils throughout the bounds of Christendom, and far beyond these, not only defacing the unity of Christ's body, but banishing from the minds of men the idea of "one body in one spirit."

In conclusion, let me say in a single sentence, in reference to the conclusion of Dr Crawford's letter, that the forms which he defends there of prayer to God through Jesus Christ are, as I understand the words, entirely different from those to which I have objected, and which he hardly ventures to defend in earnest, if I read his letter aright, except from authority, of prayers to God for the sake of Christ, and are synonymous, I believe, if properly understood, with prayer to God in Christ, or to God Incarnate, the Father in the Son, the Divinity in Humanity, or, which is the same to me, the Divine Humanity of Jesus Christ. John xiv. 6, x. 9; Ephes. ii. 18.

I am fully aware, sir, of the difficulties which encompass this vast subject in all its manifold ramifications, of the many questions that may be asked, and which it may be beyond my power to answer, in regard to some of the views here presented, of the modesty, therefore, or humility, as well as reverence, with which any one who knows himself must feel that it should be approached, and of the imperfect and cursory way in which it is presented in such a hasty letter as this. If I have spoken strongly, it is because I speak from deep conviction and long consideration, not from overweening confidence in myself, especially where I stand opposed to so many Christians and able ministers, not only of our own Church, but of others. My end is gained if the Church is awakened to the necessity of maintaining unimpaired and undimmed her perpetual testimony from generation to generation to the unity and to the personality of God, of whom we can have no true or spiritual idea, and on whom we cannot therefore fix our affections so as to love Him, as He demands of every man, 'with all our heart and soul," till we see Him, as He is, in the face of Jesus Christ, and learn what it is in His name to bow the knee." He that hath seen Me hath seen the Father." "I am in the Father, and the Father in Me.” Unto us a child is born, unto us a Son is given. And his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, the Mighty God, the Everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace." "I and the Father are one. Add to these 1st John v. 20, 21.--I am, as before, A MEMBER OF the late GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND.



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The sixty-second session of the General Conference was this year held at Derby. It commenced its session on Tuesday, the 10th of August, and concluded its business on the Saturday following. Twelve ministers were present and forty-four representatives.

Twenty-eight societies were represented. The Rev. R. Storry was elected President, and Mr. John Presland, Secretary. Mr. F. Pitman, who has for many years held the office of secretary, this year declined re-election, and the Conference expressed its appreciation of his valuable services in a special minute.

The usual business of the Conference

was transacted with good feeling, and a manifest desire to adopt the best means of promoting the prosperity of the Church. The reports presented to the Conference showed a large amount of labour in the cause of truth and goodness. The several day-schools are actively pursuing their works of Christian usefulness. They are providing for the education and training of a large number of children, and aiding in surrounding our societies with a considerable number of young persons, who are the hope of the Church. Their reports and minute-books, which give the particulars of the visitation of the Committees appointed by the Conference to superintend the religious instruction of the children, were carefully examined and reported on by a committee selected for this purpose, and the funds at the disposal of the Conference for educational purposes equally divided among the several schools.

At the head of the educational institutions of the Church should be placed the New Church College. A committee appointed by the last Conference to investigate the whole question of the education of young men for our ministry, and of the facilities offered by the College for this purpose, presented a report and a series of resolutions which were adopted by the Conference. That the College has not yet succeeded in providing for the education of young men is painfully felt both by the governors and the Conference. There have been from the beginning great difficulties to overcome. The governors have also had before them two quite distinct objects. They have desired to provide a first class education of the most comprehensive kind for the rising youth of the Church, and to train for the ministry those among their pupils who showed an aptitude and manifested an inclination for this sacred office. Hitherto they have not fully succeeded in either of these objects. Their present arrangements are best suited to the requirements of a good collegiate school. To afford the governors the opportunity of extending and maturing this department of their work, and not to distract their attention by imposing on them other duties for which their arrangements were not at present adapted, the Conference resolved to place candidates for the minis

try in the houses of ministers or other judicious New Church friends, and supply them with the instruction offered by the educational establishments best suited to their wants. In the adoption of this resolution the Conference had no purpose of ignoring the College, but of affording the governors the opportunity of giving an undivided attention to one portion of their work, and to secure its thorough efficiency and complete establishment before they entered upon another. They have now secured the services of a tutor who has had considerable experience in teaching, and hopes are entertained that during the year a good collegiate school will be successfully established.

The question of students for our ministry is one in which the Conference has long manifested considerable interest, and in which some progress has been made. During the past year, however, no young men have been training for the ministry, nor is the Conference in a position to offer all the advantages which are desirable for those who seek to prepare themselves for it. One of the questions before the Conference is the field from which our candidates are to be drawn. Manifestly a single school, however excellent may be its intellectual training and its moral and religious associations, is too limited to supply ministers to the Church. The only successful ministers are those into whose hearts the Great Head of the Church has put the desire to enter His vineyard, and to give themselves unreservedly to this service. Young men of this kind will be found scattered throughout our several societies, working in our Sunday schools, improving the piety of our families, and elevating their moral and spiritual tone, and it is to this class that the Conference specially desires to turn the attention of the Church. resolution was therefore passed inviting attention to the subject, and desiring that young men of this character might be sought out and encouraged to undertake the work.


The missionary operations under the immediate control of the Conference are those undertaken by the National Missionary Institution. These are printed in a separate report, which is annually presented to the Conference. This report is also printed in the ap

pendix to the minutes. During the year missionary labours have been undertaken by Revs. Dr. Bayley, Dr. Goyder, W. C. Barlow, J. Hyde, W. O'Mant, W. Ray, R. Storry, and W. Woodman; and by Messrs. Gosling, Jepson, Presland, Pulsford, and Rhodes. These services have extended to many parts of the kingdom, and reports of them have from time to time appeared in the pages of the Magazine. The principal labours, however, have been by Mr. Gunton, who has been engaged as the agent of the Society, and steadily employed during the whole year. The following summary of his labours appears in the report:-"Thus terminates the Conference year of my services. During that period I have preached at Hockley twice, Deptford seven times, Brightlingsea five, Bury twice, Ramsbottom twice, Argyle Square four times, St. Ives eight, Wivenhoe six, St. Osyth twice, Ipswich six, Hull eight, Norwich twice, Jersey fourteen, South London once, Yarmouth six times, Nottingham twice, Rhodes twice, Islington once, Chatteris twice, Cross Street twice; thus in all 85 times. I have also delivered twenty-seven lectures, attended twelve business meetings of the several Societies, addressed Sunday schools, and on various occasions administered the sacraments of baptism and the Holy Supper; besides embracing a number of opportunities of introducing the doctrines to clergymen, ministers, and others. I have reason to conclude that my services, to a considerable extent, have been acceptable, and therefore useful. For this reason I shall be perfectly willing to continue them."

Hitherto the missions of the New Church have been confined to our own country. The chief means whereby the knowledge of the doctrines has thus far been extended in other countries has been by emigration or the agency of the press; and a feeling seems to prevail that our foreign missions will be mainly promoted by these means. The Conference cannot fail, however, to interest itself deeply in whatever relates to the extension of the doctrines in any portion of the globe. India has on more than one occasion engaged the attention of the Church. The Conference has also at various times learned with extreme satisfaction of the introduction of the

doctrines into several of the Colonies; and this year an interesting letter, which we publish in another portion of our miscellany, opens the prospect of missionary operations in Italy. This large and newly formed kingdom which has succeeded in throwing off the fetters of the papacy, seems to enjoy full liberty of the press, and the ever-watchful providence which is over the Church has raised up an instrument to provide the means of publishing the doctrines of the Lord's second coming. Signor Scotia, of whom our readers have already heard, has already published "The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrines' in the language of his countrymen, and is proceeding with the "Heaven and Hell." The letter which we publish seeks to interest the Conference, and through the Conference the Church in this country in the work in which he is engaged. To aid in this work the Conference appointed its Treasurer to receive subscriptions for this object, the disposal of which is left in the hands of the President and Vice-President of the Conference. earnest and benevolent member of the Church, Miss Russel of Leicester, has forwarded to the treasurer a contribution of £150, the interest of one-third of which is to be devoted to missions in India or elsewhere. The interest arising from this gift was voted this year to Italy, and we sincerely hope that many of our readers will lend assistance in this hopeful and important labour.


Another example of missionary effort abroad is afforded by the painful narrative of Dr. C. J. B. De Bigo, which we publish in the letter from Trinidad. This narrative discloses a case deserving the warmest sympathy and assistance of the Church. In this place we can only ask the attention of our readers to the communication which they will find on a subsequent page.

Another question which engaged the thoughtful attention of the Conference was the efforts making by Dr. Rudolf Tafel for the collection and publication of Swedenborg's manuscripts, and the further and more complete elucidation of his life. In this work considerable progress has been made, and many important discoveries secured. The work, however, is of necessity costly, and there is danger of ultimate failure unless timely assistance be afforded.

A series of resolutions were therefore proposed, having for their object the appointment of a committee to obtain subscriptions in aid of this important labour. Mr. E. J. Broadfield, by whom the subject was introduced, was appointed the Secretary, and Rev. J. Hyde the Treasurer of the Committee which was appointed. Many of the members of Conference, of the visitors who were present, and of the members of the Derby Society, liberally responded to this appeal, and before the close of the Conference upwards of £200 was subscribed. It remains for other members of the Church to continue and complete this good work.

One of the most difficult of the questions submitted to the Conference is the question of change in any of its books of worship. A growing desire to see a revised edition of the Hymn Book and Liturgy has for some time existed with many influential members of the Church. A committee appointed by Conference has prepared hymns for a supplement, but after considering the whole subject, reported in favour of an insertion of new hymns in the Hymn Book, and the omission of some of those already published in that compilation. To this course strong objections were felt, and it was resolved to refer the entire subject to the several societies, who are desired to express their opinion respecting it.

The only other subject on which we need offer any remark is the funds of the Conference. All these seem to be in a healthy state, except the General Fund which is totally inadequate to the wants of the Conference. It was proposed to charge a percentage on all the funds left to the Conference for the support of this fund, but was in the end resolved to appeal to the several societies and institutions benefited by the Conference trusts. It is manifest that unless the General Fund be supported by the Church, the Conference can neither pay its officers, provide for the printing of its minutes, or efficiently discharge the many other duties required of it. The attention of the societies, therefore, to this subject is most important.

The minutes, if not already, will in a very short time be issued, so that the information they contain will be soon placed within the reach of our readers.



Tuesday.-The first of these assemblies was the public religious service on Tuesday evening. The annual sermon to the Conference was preached by the Rev. R. Storry to a numerous and attentive audience. This discourse will be published in a future number of the Magazine. At the close of this service, the Sacrament of the Holy Supper was administered by the President and Vice-President to ninety communicants. The offertory at this service is dovoted to the "Pension Fund."

Wednesday-Melbourne.-As usual, on the holding of the Conference at Derby, the members received a pressing invitation to pay a visit to the neighbouring society at Melbourne. The afternoon and evening of Wednesday was devoted to this purpose. To enable the members to remain for an evening meeting, covered vans were engaged for their conveyance. Nearly all the members accepted the invitation so kindly given, and attended in company with many of the friends from Derby. Tea was provided in a large public hall, which was completely filled. In the evening the party assembled in the elegant church erected in this town for the use of the society. The chair was occupied by the Rev. E. Madeley, whose long connection with the society enabled him to speak on its early history and associations. A subject intended to guide the thoughts of the various speakers was proposed and led to a number of pleasant and instructive addresses by the several ministers who were in attendance. These all related to the advantages and privileges of the Church, and were calculated to encourage and strengthen the band of worshippers in their work of establishing the Church and extending its usefulness. Few of the members of Conference had previously visited the society, and all were charmed with the beautiful church possessed by the society, and with the manifest zeal and affection of its members. The visit seemed to be very warmly appreciated, and we hope will strengthen the church in Melbourne in their work in this town.

Thursday-Conference Tea Party.— A public tea-meeting was held in

the Lecture Hall, which was attended by the members of Conference and by a large number of the members of the church in Derby, Melbourne and other places the large hall being nearly filled with an intelligent and deeply interested audience. The chair was occupied by the President of the Conference, who introduced the proceedings by stating the object of the meeting, and dwelling upon the exalted character of the New Church, and the duty of earnest and faithful labour on the part of every sincere receiver of her doctrines. On the platform were Dr. Towle of Washington in the United States, Mr Hancock of Toronto in Canada, and many of the ministers and influential laymen of the Church. Interesting and instructive addresses were delivered at this meeting by Revs. E. D. Rendell, E. Madeley, W. Woodman, Dr. Bayley, J. Hyde, by Messrs Bateman, Goldsack, Broadfield, T. Madeley, and by Dr. Towle and Mr Hancock. The proceedings were also enlivened by some pleasing selections of music, which were executed in a very superior style. We give very brief abstracts of the speeches of our brethren from the other side the Atlantic.

Dr. Towle of Washington, after relating some of his experiences in connection with the New Church in the United States, and stating some of the reasons why the New Church made greater progress in America than in any other part of the globe; went on to say that since the new doctrine took root in the soil of America many wonderful discoveries had been made, and many useful inventions had come into use. A short time ago it took three months to get a communication from America, instead of receiving one as we do now in a single hour. Such improvements

as this are evidence of the influence for good which are at work in the spiritual world; for all progress has its origin there. The Dr. went on to say that the New Church in America has undergone some experiences which would be useful to the Church in England. When he first became a New Churchmam, about thirty years ago, there were but three or four churches in America. About a dozen years since they had a good many endowed churches, which were nursed by those who had the charge of them with great


It was found, however, that unendowed societies became more prosperous, and got far ahead of endowed churches. We have now, said the Dr., disendowed all the churches that were endowed, and have greater hopes of real usefulness from one hearty and earnest New Churchman than from a body of members who are dependent upon an endowed church.

Mr Hancock of Canada said he wished to express that he cordially reciprocated the warm affections with which he had been received by the New Church friends in England. Although he had been absent from England for fourteen years, the best part of him was here yet. The pleasure he felt in being with them was tinged with melancholy, as there was not a few whom he would no more see in the flesh, as they had passed into the spiritual world. He then related his experience in connec tion with the New Church in Canada, which, he said, did not prosper in that part of the British dominions as he could wish, but where, said he, does it so prosper? We all wish to see great things done, but perhaps it would be better for us not to be over-sanguine. When he arrived in Canada he went to Waterbrook to see the condition of the societies there. He found a prosperous society, consisting chiefly of Germans. There were other societies farther west, all working very hard for the great cause which we have so much at heart. A short time after he had taken up his residence in that part of Canada they formed an association of the New Church societies, in which work he was chiefly instrumental. That organization has continued to the present time. With respect to the New Church in Canada he only spoke generally. The Church is making progress, and its members are zealous and increasing. The fact appeared to him that the strong elements in the New Church is the German element. In comparison with other denominations the receivers of the heavenly doctrines were very few. But he was accustomed to the day of small things, and had great faith in the divine promise, that where two or three gathered together in the name of Jesus Christ His blessing would rest upon them.

Friday.-Ordination of Mr. John Presland into the Ministry of the New Church. Mr. Presland, who has for

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