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Nordenskjöld, The original was probably contained in the manuscript volume No. 50, entitled:
Register öfver Concordia Boken. Index of the Concordia Book, which Mr. Nordenskjöld borrowed from the Academy, and never returned.
This last work is specially mentioned by Mr. A. Nordenskjöld in his classification of the writings of the New Church, New Jerusalem Magazine, 1790, p. 215.
59. Five Memorabilia; Abominatio Desolationis, etc.; Invitatio ad Novam Ecclesiam; Coronis ad Veram Christianam Religionem, published by Dr. Tafel in Spiritual Diary, Part vii. 1, pp. 124 to 133, and pp. 137 to 169, from a copy prepared by Mr. Nordenskjöld. The originals cannot be found, but they are probably in the manuscript volume, mentioned in our No. 58, which has been lost.
2. THOSE OF WHICH NO COPIES HAVE BEEN PRESERVED.
60. The Beginning of the Spiritual Diary, of which we have the Index.
61. A large work on Conjugial Love, consisting of over 2000 numbers, of which the Index has been preserved to us.
62. A manuscript volume entitled "Register öfver Concordia Boken" (No. 50, Swedish Catalogue). This volume must be somewhere in England, for it was brought there by Mr. Nordenskjöld, who borrowed it from the Academy of Sciences and never returned it. It contains probably the originals of our Nos. 58 and 59.
63. Continuation of Swedenborg's Travelling Journal, and a Collection of Dreams, both of which were in his commonplace book from 1733 to 1740. See our Number 19.
Of this Collection of Dreams, it is said in a Catalogue of the Manuscripts, published in 1801, that they were removed from the volume by Swedenborg's heirs; but in Chastanier's Prospectus, and in R. Hindmarsh's list of the Swedenborg Manuscripts, printed ten years before, these dreams are spoken of among the other manuscripts, as though they were of easy access.
64. Letters written by Swedenborg and addressed to him.
Do. from Printer John Hart in London.
4. Do. from P. Roger, Doctor of Theology, and Madame Johanna Corleva.
from Bookseller Heckel in Dresden.
from Joachim Wretman in Amsterdam.
from Margareta Ahlström in London.
9. Do. from Zacharias Strömberg in Amsterdam.
10. Several of Swedenborg's own letters and answers, in first copies.
11. Several letters from abroad, among which are some from the Academy of Sciences in Petersburg, and from Christ. Wolffius. 12. Letters from his relations and friends, especially from his
brother-in-law, Doctor Ericus Benzelius, and Probst J. Unge. 13. Letters from Hermann Obereit, Johannes Caspar Lavater, and Christian Tuxen.
14. Letters from Abbot F. C. Oettinger from the years 1765, 1766 1767, 1768, to three of which there are first copies of answers. 15. Four letters from different persons.
16. First draughts of several letters.
17. Letters from Polhem, Klingenstjerna, A. Celsius, N. Schenmark, from the Universities of Upsala and Abo, and several bishops.
These letters were deposited by Swedenborg's heirs in the Academy of Sciences, but have disappeared.
ESTIMATE OF THE COST OF PHOTO-LITHOGRAPHING THE MANUSCRIPTS OF SWEDENBORG.
The process of photo-lithography consists in, first, taking a photographic likeness of the manuscript on glass; and, secondly, in transferring it thence to the stone. After the impression is thus transferred, the stone is ready for printing.
In addition to the cost of the mechanical process, it will be necessary to employ a technical overseer, to examine every sheet as it comes from the printer, and likewise an editor, under whose superintendence the whole work must be done.
Leaving a small margin for emergencies, the cost of producing 100 copies of all the MSS. will amount to £5,000.
Note.-The Committee of the Swedenborg Society are about to issue a Circular inviting subscriptions towards carrying out the object of securing copies of Swedenborg's MSS.
THE dominant feature of Catholicism is the lust of dominion by the things of the church. The evidences of this character pervade its history.
maintenance becomes, however, daily more difficult. The increased light which is entering the Church, combined with the general progress of society, makes manifest the wickedness of its doings and exposes its pretensions. In Spain the provisional government have adopted measures to secure an inventory of the vast possessions of the churches, with the intention of applying to secular use all scientific, literary, and artistic property existing in ecclesiastical institutions. Objects required for the immediate wants or frequent use of public worship are to be left in the possession of the church, but "the produce of genius," says the decree, "belongs not to individuals but to the whole nation." These productions are to be preserved in public libraries and museums, and thus made available to the people.
This decree has excited the strongest opposition of the clerical party. In the city of Burgos the governor, apparently by their instigation, has been brutally murdered. Some of the reasons assigned for this opposition reflect on the honesty of the clergy. "It is hinted at by some," says the correspondent of the Daily News, "that fears of discoveries which would not reflect favourably on the honesty of the clergy had much to do with it. From the earliest ages to the present time, the Spaniards have distinguished themselves by the profusion with which they have lavished their treasures in the decoration of their
religious edifices. Vessels of gold and silver, jewels of enormous value, and pictures of countless price have been freely consecrated to the worship of the Virgin and the saints. The clergy have been the custodians of these, and many of them have sadly betrayed their trust.
This very week a priest has been sent to prison, charged with robbing the convent of Caballero de Gracia, in Madrid (to which he belonged), of some articles of great value. They were
missing from the convent. A noise was made about them, and the police found them in his house. From all parts of Spain, we hear reports of a similar nature. The correspondent of the Times writes to the same effect. "What the minister wished," he says,
as it now appears was, that in all the large towns an inventory should be made of all the books, objects of art, plate, jewels, and other treasures to be found in the churches, as the experience of the last three or four months has shown how unsafe such articles, in Spain as well as in Italy, are in the hands of the priests." The conflict between the priests and the secular authority will doubtless be long and severe. The discovery of wickedness in the high places of the church must have its effect upon the minds of the least cultured, and tend to weaken the hold of the clergy on the great body of the people, and thus hasten those ecclesiastical changes which are inevitable.
In our own country an exposure of a different kind is going on. The alleged
ill-treatment of a nun in one of the nunneries has led to an action at law in the Court of King's Bench. The case furnishes examples of the leading features of these institutions. Subjection to the will of superiors, jealousy and distrust, constant surveillance, and all the natural consequences of this assumption of authority over the bodies and souls of others. Among the vows taken on admission are the following:"The sisters are always to bear in mind that by the vow of obedience, they have ever renounced their own will, and resigned it to the direction of their superiors.' "They are to regard the voice of the Mother Superior as the voice of an angel." The voluntary subjection of the will to the will of God, as revealed in the Word of Truth, is one of the great duties of the Christian life. The prostration of the will before the usurped authority of a fellow-mortal is full of danger, and a fruitful source of error and evil. Of this the disclosures in this trial furnish abundant evidence. The voice of the superior does not appear on all occasions to have been that of an angel.
Whatever, therefore, may be the legal consequences of this investigation, we may reasonably hope that its disclosures may tend to disabuse the minds of imaginative votaries of the strange fascination which the priests are able to throw around these unnatural institutions.
CLERGY AND LAITY.
At the luncheon which followed the inauguration of Dr Tait, the newly appointed Archbishop of Canterbury, he is reported to have said:
"I do not suppose that any bishop in the Church of England desires to rule over men who are not capable of thinking for themselves, or who deem it wrong to do so. We desire to govern, not slaves or dead men, but living, energetic, free men, and where there is real life there will of necessity be diversity of opinion. My experience, however, is that amid this diversity of opinion there is a real hearty concord, and an earnest desire animating the whole body of the clergy of this country to do their work with a zeal and a harmony which have never been exceeded. I think it well that we should encourage ourselves by the recollection of that fact. When we speak of the clergy they will be the first to acknowledge with me that the clergy are but the servants of the Church, and do not constitute the Church. And as to the laity I say it fearlessly-there never was in this country an age in which the laity did in a more intelligent and at the same time hearty way rally round the Church and support the clergy."
The successor of the archbishop in the see of London, Dr Jackson, takes a less hopeful view of the state of conflicting opinion in the Church.
meeting of his clergy at Sion College, he said, "It was at one time the dream
of his life that the differences which existed in the Church were rapidly passing away, and that they would live to see the time when all minor differences, at least, would disappear. That dream was now dissipated. It might be so in the future, but he should not live to see it. The course of events had tended lately to widen differences rather than to draw members of the Church together. The spirit of the age had penetrated into the Church. The aggressive activity of intellect which
called all first principles into question, which took nothing for granted, which delighted in perplexities, and which allowed no prescription to be any evidence of truth or ground of persuasion. He did not think that errors of doctrine would ever be cured by decisions of law courts. Such decisions seldom succeeded in silencing-they never succeeded in persuading. Perhaps he should not carry all with him to the same extent when he expressed his conviction that differences of opinion or errors of doctrine could not be cured by what was called "Church speaking." They had been told in many quarters that if the Church would but speak, all differences would be settled. If the Church were to speak by the united voice of the Episcopate, aided by learned men in theology and law, or by the voice of Convocation, of one, two, or four provinces, or by diocesan or provincial synods, or by general councils, he believed that the result would be pretty much the same-namely, that those whose opinions were condemned would contend that the Church had not spoken, or that the Church had made a mistake."
Among the evils of which the Bishop complains, one is the tone of what was called the Church press,- "He did not intend to speak of newspapers on one side or other, but of all, and there was involved in the question a great breach of Christian charity. It was very well to lay the blame on newspapers, but newspapers were written to sell. If they were not sold they would not be written, and the inference was that the vast masses of persons who bought them were not displeased with their uncharitable misrepresentations. But the great
evil in connection with newspapers was this, that they provided means of scandal for the worldly and unbelieving, who, taking for granted what they read, despised what were called the love and charity of Christians. It could only be in a spirit of the bitterest irony that the sceptic and the unbeliever could point to the Church newspapers of the day, and say, 'See how these Christians love one another!'"
THE REAL PRESENCE.
The ritual controversy and the decisions of the courts of law have led
to an extended correspondence in the newspapers connected with the Established Church. In the Gaurdian the discussion of the position of the celebrant in the Holy Supper has issued in a further correspondence on the question of what is called the objective, or real presence. The subject is introduced by Mr. Ll. Davies, who contends for a spiritual presence. It is continued by other writers, who maintain an objective or substantial presence under the form of bread and wine; and, at the time we write, is closed by a letter by W. Walsham How, who says:The 'Real Presence' in the Eucharist means, not the Real Presence of Christ, but the Real Presence of Christ's Body and Blood." There is no intimation in this correspondence that any of these writers have the slightest perception of the correspondence of the elements used in the communion service with the spiritual blessings which are promised and therein imparted to every devout recipient. The idea of the literal rendering of the words may induce a reverent or superstitious reception of this sacrament, but can never open the mind to an intelligent apprehension of its meaning, or nourish a rational and, therefore, truly Christian piety.
THE INDIGENT CLASSES AND THE MEANS OF THEIR ELEVATION.
One of the most urgent of our social questions is the rapid growth of pauper
This growth is unchecked by the efforts of public charity. Recent investigations have disclosed the fact that not less than from six to seven millions sterling are expended on the poor of London. Yet, notwithstanding this expenditure, there are occasionally deaths from starvation, and an increasing army of beggars. The whole question is one pressing urgently for thoughtful consideration, and able men are giving their most earnest attention to its solution. "East London," says the Spectator, "crushes down hope. No man who has studied seriously the difficulties of the population there collected ever long escapes the feeling that external aid is unavailing, that nothing short of some tremendous moral impulse, a new creed, or a new social conviction, will
avail to raise the people to the level of civilization." The want which is thus suggested is being to some extent supplied. Agencies of various kinds and degrees of excellency are employed to counteract the wide-spread misery which prevails. It is now very extensively, if not generally felt that the cure of pauperism by almsgiving is not to be expected. The Lord Chancellor in a letter to the Times warns us that "indiscriminate almsgiving might easily be shown to have occasioned more mischief than lavish expenditure.' He commends a scheme for elevating the poor by their own agency, or still better for saving the all but lowest from sinking yet lower. How is this to be accomplished? The mass of poverty, and ignorance, and misery which abounds can only be reached and beneficially affected by the spirit of Christian compassion and mercy, united with Christian prudence and wisdom. The great want for this work is a forgetfulness of self in Christian devotion to these outcasts of the human family. Biblewomen, mission-women, conductors of mothers' meetings, and others are feeling their way in this sublime work of Christian charity. Two great difficulties stand in the way of all these agenciesthe difficulty of finding suitable agents, and of providing for them a proper training. Many would undertake the work of visitation and lecturing the people from the love of display, the hope of gain, the notice of those above them in social life, or other merely selfish motives. They are not the class required. It is the patient, kindly worker with the heart full of sympathy and love. And it is also the carefully trained worker. All recent experience is teaching this lesson-That Christian labour, in all the channels which are opening before it, to be efficiently and usefully conducted, must be directed by a trained and cultured intelligence. The progress of society is everywhere pointing to the necessity of uniting these two great principles, faith and love, intelligence and Christian sympathy and compassion. And just as this point is reached, is the centre of New Church teaching attained, and increased provision thereby made for the descent and establishment of the New Jerusalem on earth.