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taken notes of his second course. On this being known, the editors of the New-Yorker desired the use of my future reports, and effected an arrangement with Mr. Colman, in consequence of which they were published in their ably conducted journal. These have been carefully revised and corrected, and additions to them made. So altered, they constitute the reports of this volume, to the "essential correctness" of which the reader has the best of all testimony, that of Mr. Combe himself.
For the original annotations, the Introductory Essay, and the Historical Sketch, I alone am responsible. In the latter, I might have spoken of the phrenological lectures of numerous American gentlemen, besides those mentioned, had such a course been compatible with my limits. That it was not I regret.
I learn that the Southern Literary Messenger is copying the reports entire from the New-Yorker. Whether any other periodical is doing so I am not informed, but if not my original desire is most amply gratified. Beside the numerous extracts which have appeared in other papers, the number of the entire reports distributed throughout the United States and British America, in the New-York Daily Whig, the New-York Weekly Whig, the Toronto Palladium, the New-Yorker, and the Southern Literary Messenger, will exceed twenty-five thousand. With these explanatory remarks, I respectfully submit this work to the public.
EAST-BROADWAY, NEW-YORK, August, 1839.
WHOEVER has seen Mr. Combe will recognize the accuracy of the accompanying profile taken by Monsieur Edouart,* in that style which Lavater preferred to all others for giving the characteristic expression of the countenance. Those who have both seen and heard him can need their impressions neither fixing nor deepening. For those, especially phrenologists, who have not, the following sketch may possess some interest.
Mr. Combe is rather tall and spare, with a narrow chest, large head, and nervous-bilious temperament. His hair, of silvery whiteness, is so thinly scattered as to leave considerably exposed his beautifully developed frontal and coronal regions, indicating that fine predominance of the moral and intellectual forces which his works so eminently manifest. The reflective are, however, evidently his most effective faculties. His form is slightly bent, not from lack of Self-Esteem, but from habitual thoughtfulness and feeble physical organization; this slight bend and thoughtful aspect, with the snowy whiteness of his hair, give the impression that he is much older than the kirk-register allows; the newspapers generally have stated his age at sixty; though he has, in fact, passed his fiftieth birth-day in the United States. He has enough of his "native wood-note wild" to indicate that he sprung from "the land of the mountain and flood," but not so much as to impair distinctness of utterance or correctness of pronunciation.
Mr. Combe is not a splendid lecturer, nor a brilliant lecturer, nor a
This gentleman, whose abilities as a Silhouettist are, I believe, unsurpassed, has recently arrived from England, and taken up his residence in New-York, where he is now pursuing his professional avocations.
fascinating lecturer. The current coin of eulogy, gorgeous fancy," thrilling eloquence," -' withering sarcasm," "effulgent grace," would be all inappropriate if applied to him. His language is full and flowing; his style familiar, chaste, earnest, and unambitious. You see from the first that he has a passion for truth; that his great aim is to enlighten the understanding, elevate and purify the feelings; and in his intentness of purpose to accomplish that aim, all clap-trap artifices are elbowed off the stage.
His subject is arranged in natural consecutiveness in his own mind, and imparted in that order to the minds of others. His ideas do not bustle and jostle for precedence, each has its adjusted place wherewith it must be content. He states his propositions clearly, and proceeds at once to adduce the most striking analogies, appropriate illustrations, and convincing proofs, making every proposition, as far as practicable, the foundation of that which succeeds. By this methodical mode of procedure, the memory is greatly aided, and the judgment much gratified.
It is said by Voltaire, that the art of interesting is the art of writing. The saying is eminently applicable to lecturing, and this art Mr. Combe possesses in a great degree; few can better rivet attention, or more intensely interest the nobler feelings of our nature. This sketch would be incomplete without reference to that uuder current of humour which so often sparkles to the surface, lighting up with peculiar brilliancy the lecturer's vivacious eye, and affording amusement while it is used to impress on the memory important facts and principles.
In conclusion, I would say that the lecturer creates an interest in himself as great almost as in his subject, not by egotism in any of its Protean forms, but by the union of profundity of thought with simplicity of manners and benevolence of disposition. As he proceeds, the conviction wins imperceptibly on the mind that he forms one of that noble class-the great and good.
MR. COMBE'S LABOURS IN THE UNITED STATES.
Mr. Combe landed in New-York, September, 1838. His arrival was hailed by phrenologists with peculiar interest and pleasure, and he was received by all with the respect and courtesy due to his high character and beneficent labours. On the 10th of October following, he commenced at Boston his first course of lectures in the United States, to a somewhat numerous and highly intelligent audience, a great proportion consisting of members of the learned professions. Of these lectures, the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal remarks, "With a few interruptions, we have bestowed a thorough attention on the lectures of this distinguished philosopher, since their commencement in Boston. We feel no half