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Mr. Walsh, from the Committee on Education and Labor, submitted
[To accompany S. 857)
The Committee on Education and Labor, to whom was referred the bill (S. 857) to authorize the Department of Labor to continue to make special statistical studies upon payment of the cost thereof, having considered the same, report favorably thereon with the recommendation that the bill be passed.
In brief, the purpose of the bill is to continue the authorization of the Department of Labor to make special statistical studies, prepare records and furnish transcripts of such studies when requested, and when payment for the actual cost thereof is made—all of which is provided for in a measure which was favorably reported by this committee, passed by the Senate and by the House, and approved by the President, April 13, 1934 (Public, No. 157, 73d Cong., ch. 118, 48 Stat. 582). The present bill (S. 857) continues the authority thereon conferred, until April 13, 1937.
The Secretary of Labor recommends the passage of the bill in a letter to the committee as follows:
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR,
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY.
Washington, January 25, 1935. Hon. David I. Walsh,
United States Senate, Washington, D. C. MY DEAR SENATOR Walsh: I have received your letter of January 23, 1935, enclosing a copy of S. 857, "a bill to authorize the Department of Labor to continue to make special statistical studies upon payment of the cost thereof, and for other purposes”, which has been referred to the Senate Committee on Education and Labor.
The Department of Labor recommends the passage of this bill in the form in which it has been introduced by Senator La Follette.
As you will no doubt recall, last year Congress passed and the President approved "A bill to authorize the Department of Labor to make special statistical
studies upon payment of the cost thereof, and for other purposes” (73d Cong., ch. 118, 48 Stat. 582). At the time that bill was under consideration by the Senate Committee on Education and Labor I wrote two letters to you as chairman of that committee (on Feb. 8, 1934, and Feb. 16, 1934, respectively), which were reprinted in Report No. 322, Seventy-third Congress, second session.
As I wrote you at that time I feel that the Department of Labor can render useful service to individuals outside the Government by making for them, for compensation, statistical studies on labor matters. It often happens that employers and workers in industry or code authorities charged with the enforcement of the N. R. A. Code, or other private persons, want accurate statistical information in order to guide them in the formulation of their policies and in the settlement of disputes. It seems to me that this Department ought to be willing to furnish such impartial statistical information, provided, of course, that the information falls within the general scope of the Department's activities. But the Department does not always have funds adequate for the purpose of making such studies, and in times like the present the Government may not be able to afford to make appropriations for this purpose. However, employers and workers are often willing to come forward and offer the Department the money necessary to make these studies. Under such circumstances I think that if the offer relates to studies falling within the general scope of the functions of this Department we ought to be given the privilege of deciding whether or not to accept the offer and undertake the work.
I am particularly pleased to know that this year's bill S. 857, has been introduced by Senator La Follette, for it was Senator La Follette (as you undoubtedly remember) who last year introduced on the floor of the Senate section 4 of the present statute which provides that the act "shall cease to be effective 1 year after its enactment.” I am glad that the Senator believes that the Department of Labor has wisely administered the statute during the trial period of 1 year and now proposes to extend its effective date for 2 years longer. I hope that the rest of the Committee on Education and Labor will share Senator La Follette's confidence in the administration of the statute and will recommend that the Department of Labor be given 2 years more in which to exercise the authority hitherto conferred by the act of April 13, 1934 (48 Stat. 582). Sincerely yours,
FRANCES PERKINS. For the further information of the committee as well as of the Senate, the chairman requested the Secretary to make a report of the statistical studies made by the Department of Labor since the granting of this authority by the last Congress. That request, together with reply from the Secretary of Labor, are submitted herewith:
UNITED STATES SENATE,
February 5, 1935. Hon. FRANCES PERKINS,
Department of Labor, Washington, D. C. MY DEAR MRS. PERKINS: I have received your letter of January 25, recommending the passage of S. 857, copy of which I enclose.
Will you kindly inform the Committee on Education and Labor how many statistical studies have been made since the enactment of a similar law during the Seventy-third Congress, what compensation has been collected, etc.
In other words, I would like to have a report of the operation of this law during the past year. Sincerely yours,
DAVID I. WALSH.
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR,
Washington, February 12, 1935. Hon. David I. Walsh, Chairman Committee on Education and Labor,
United States Senate, Washington, D. C. MY DEAR SENATOR: In reply to your letter of February 5, 1935, I enclose herewith a report of the work performed by the Department of Labor under the
authority of the "Act to authorize the Department of Labor to make special statistical studies upon payment of the cost thereof.” I appreciate your interest in S. 857. Yours respectfully,
FRANCES PERKINS, Secretary. Funds received by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Department of Labor, under
authority contained in Public, No. 157, Seventy-third Congress
Name of person or organization for
which the service was rendered
Nature of service
Men's Clothing Code Authority, Tabulations showing changes in August 1934.
$826. 50 51 Madison Avenue, New York, employment and pay rolls of September 1934.
353. 64 N. Y. Men's Clothing Code Authority October 1934..
367. 50 firms.
364. 22 National Fertilizer Association, Tabulation showing changes in July 1934...
32. 40 616 Investment Building, Wash employment and pay rolls for ington, D. C.
fertilizer industry. National Association of Wool Man. Tabulations showing changes in (July 1934.
55. 20 ufacturers, 80 Federal Street, employment, pay rolls ar man. August 1934.
59. 32 Boston, Mass. hour data for the wool textile September 1934.
59. 20 industry.
59. 48 The Research Co., 1008 First Na- Tabulations showing changes in August 1934.
18.00 tional Life Building, St. Louis, employment and pay rolls in St. September 1934.
18. 82 Social Science Research Council, Report on wage executions in in November 1934 1, 230.00 230 Park Avenue, New York, dustrial plants.
200.00 Hall, Paterson, N.J.
(January to April 1934. 138. 73 May 1934.
32, 91 June 1934.
32. 91 Underwear Institute, Union Trust Tabulation showing changes in July 1934.
32. 91 Building, Washington, D. C. employment, pay rolls, and August 1934.
33. 81 man-hour data.
33. 81 October 1934.
35. 70 November 1934.
34. 76 December 1934.
32. 31 Total.....
4, 071. 43
All funds deposited to the credit of “Salaries and expenses, Bureau of Labor Statistics."