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to form a finished female character, as to make a wise • king, a just magistrate, a devoted minister, or a useful man.

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ANCIENT CHARACTERS.

No. 1.

To the Editor. In introducing the following communication to the · notice of your readers, it may not be improper to make one remark. Let me, then, refer them to the contrast of our situation with that of the ancient Heathen. Their gods were a number of imaginary beings, to each of whom was attributed some one quality, by way of distinction. The object of our adoration is, the one true and living God, the Creator of the Universe, perfect in every conceivable attribute. They had no direct Revelation to guide them in the way to eternal happiness : we have the Word of God, written by the inspiration of his SPIRIT, which is able to make us wise unto salvation. Theirs was the gloomy system of Pagan Mythology: ours is the glorious Gospel of the LORD JESUS CHRIST.' They worshipped they knew not what : we know what we worship. If, then, some of those whose moral and religious situation, in point of privileges, was evidently the very reverse of ours, on whom the Sun of Righteousness has risen, sometimes discovered sentiments so noble, and so far elevated above the general level of the dispensation under which they lived, as their history occasionally exemplifies, what may not, I ask, be expected from us? Reader, reflect, where much has been given, much will be required; and on him who knew his master's will, but did it not, shall be inflicted many stripes.

CATO MAJOR.
At one period in the Iristory of Rome, the term
Cato was only applied, by way of eminence, to men
of rare experience. In the lapse of time, however,

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it became the surname of the Porcian family, and was placed high in the annals of fame, by the distinguished virtues of one of its inheritors, Marcus Porcius Cato. He was born at Tusculum, a city near Rome, whose modern appellation is Frascati. From his boyish years, he was almost exclusively occupied in martial pursuits, until, notwithstanding the many previous professions he had made of the severity with which he would discharge that office, should he ever be chosen to fill it, he was unanimously elected Censor. During his Censorship, he behaved with the utmost rigour and impartiality, and rendered himself famous by the strenuous opposition which he made to the introduction of the fine arts into Rome, apprehending that the learning and luxury of Athens would destroy the valour and simplicity of the Roman people. Though of respectable parentage, yet he was somewhat advanced in years before he applied himself to the Latin literature, and still further before he applied himself to the Greek. But, by means of great perseverance and extensive reading, he soon became the most eminent orator of his time, and was styled " The Roman Demosthenes.As an Agriculturist in theory, and a Commander and Statesman by practice, he was not less conspicuous; and shone a star of the first magnitude in the Roman hemisphere.

The manner in which he educated his son, is well worthy of attention. Instead of cradling him in ease and effeminacy, he early initiated him into the use of every manly exercise; and, with a view to prepare him for enduring the greatest hardships, taught him to bear heat and cold with equal indifference, and to swim across the most rapid streams with ease and boldness.

He was universally deemed so strict in his morals, that he is represented by VIRGIL as one of the judges of hell,--the legislator of the pious dead. He died in extreme old age, about 150 years before Christ, PLUTARCH and CORNELIUS Nepos are his principal biographers.

The following incidents are recorded of him in ancient history:

1. When LENTULUS spit in the face of CATO, while the latter was pleading a cause in the forum, he quietly wiped it away, and said, “I will affirm before all men, O LENTULUS, that they are deceived who deny that thou hast (os) a mouth.

There was a proverb among the Romans, that he had no (os) face, who was not ashamed to commit any action, however gross. In this saying, CATO intended a play upon the Latin word os, which bears the twofold meaning of mouth and face ; mouth being its exact signification, while face is licensed by the figure of synechdoche, or the substitution of a part for the whole, and vice versa. It is a tolerable instance of the ready wit of that distinguished character, and especially in a moment when he was called to exercise the greatest patience. How differently would such an affair have terminated with many in this country, in circumstances similar to those of Cato. He acted that part which a true Christian would; but too many of our countrymen would, under a foolish idea, or pretence, of preserving their honour, have done what is entirely inexcusable in those to whom the injunction has been given, “ Thou shalt do no murder.” In the days of Cato, arms were entirely reserved for the expulsion of a common foe, and the defence of the State; but in these enlightened days, if the public channels of communication do not lie, and men's eyes do not deceive them, they are too frequently made the instruments of premeditated homicide. 66 Shall I not visit for these things ? saith the Lord ; and shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this ? .. 2. Cato used to express his surprise, that a soothsayer did not smile as often as he met with one of his fraternity, in the exercise of their art; for he thought every kind of divination an imposture, palmed upon the ignorance of the publie.

Although soothsayers are able to preserve their

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gravity while in the presence of such as are unacquainted with their art, yet it is certain that they make sufficiently merry at the popular expense, when assembled by themselves. What a lamentable reflection, that impostors of this kind are yet so far from being exterminated, that even now there is scarcely a town or hamlet in England, in which some soi-disant foreteller of events does not exist! Many are the ways in which they pretend to get an insight into futurity ; but I -will only mention three as examples. Some give out that, in the various disposition of a pack of cards, they can discover the principal events that shall occur in the future life of the applicant. Others attest that they can trace, in the wrinkles of a person's, hand, the windings of his future fate. And a third class, still more presumptuous, pretend to a charm which operates, without any visible or external sign, in producing immediate revelation. Thus, by the impudent deceptions of these wicked persons, many a promising youth and maiden are beguiled of their money; and having been taught to expect what they seldom or never realize, frequently languish under the disappointment, till, at length, they fall into an early grave, the victims of others' delusion, and the martyrs of their own credulity.

I knew a young lady, of a very respectable family, who was induced to believe in the ability of these agents of Satan to remove the veil that covers futurity, and who applied to one of them for the disclosure of her future fortune. The woman taught the poor girl to expect, that at a certain time, a gentleman, of immense wealth, would arrive from the WestIndies, and, seeing her, would become enamoured of her, and at last marry her. The time arrived, but no West Indian planter. Another and another year passed over without any part of the prediction being fulfilled; and though, for a long time, Miss Cwas buoyed up by the idea that she might have mistaken the year which was specified, as that in which the consummation of her happiness would occur, she, at length, fell into despair, and has not returned to herself to this day. What a lamentable evil is this !

3. " When Cato beheld the statues of certain men about to be erected, he exclaimed, “I would rather that men should inquire concerning me, why is there not, than why is there a statue, erected to Cato?'meaning, no doubt, that the astonishment of those who knew that he deserved such a memorial, when one was not erected to him, would be most gratifying to his feelings."

This is a certain mark of a superior mind; for the most durable und worthy statue that a man can have to perpetuate his memory, is the good opinion of com. petent judges who survive him. Such a statue, by the uprightness and morality of his conduct, Cato raised to himself; and his name has been handed down among the most illustrious men of the age in which he appeared.

MINISDEN.

AWFUL JUDGMENT ON A LIAR. The following awful instance of the judgment of the Almighty, may have a good influence on the minds of your juvenile readers, in forming them to a love of truth. Its authenticity may be relied on.

It is a general practice for persons in easy circumstances to make presents to their servants and workmen on each return of the Christmas festival. A few years ago, a man, who, with several others, worked for the same master, received the donation of half a crown, to be divided equally with his fellow workmen, from a quarter whence they usually obtained that sum. The man did not acquaint them with his having received it; and, being questioned on the subject, denied it. His denial was not received : and he, designing to exculpate himself from the charge, lifting up his right hand in the midst of them, said, that he wished it. might rot off, if he had received the money. The circumstance was passed over by the workmen ; but that God whose all-searching eye tries the heart, and

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