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perusal, he happened to cast his eyes on a candle-box, with which, as a miner, he had been furnished, and which had been brought up from the pit with him; and there he discovered the following affecting record of the filial affection and steadfast piety of the youth. In the darkness of the suffocating pit, with a bit of pointed iron, he had engraved on the box his last message to his mother, in these words :-“ Fret not, my dear mother; for we were singing and praising God, while we had time.-Mother, follow God more than ever I did. JOSEPH, be a good lad to God and mother." Mr. RICHMOND produced the box, which he had borrowed of the widow, under a solemn promise of returning a relic so precious to a mother's heart.

A DYING FATHER'S LAST COMMAND. AND

LEGACY. Among other excellent persons who lost their lives in the course of the unhappy civil wars which afflicted England in the seventeenth century, was Arthur, Lord Capel, Baron of Hadham. He was, on conscientious principles, a firm adherent to the Royal cause; and was beheaded in Palace-Yard, Westminster, on Friday, March 9, 1649. From an old and scarce, but highly interesting tract, which contains an account of his last hours, we extract the following anecdote.

" He prayed,” in the morning of the day on which he died, “ for half an hour in an excellent method, very apt expressions, and most strong, hearty, and passionate affections : first, for himself, confessing and bewailing his sins with strong cries and tears; and then humbly and most earnestly desiring God's mercy, through the merits of Christ only: secondly, for his dear wife and children, recommending them to the Divine Providence with great confidence and assurance, and desiring for them rather the blessings of a better life than of this: thirdly, for the King, Church, and State : and, lastly, for his enemies, with

ANECDOTES OF CYRUS.

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almost the same ardour and affection. After this, I read the whole office of the Church for Good-Friday; and then, after a short homily, we received the Sa. crament; in which he discovered great humility, zeal, and devotion. Being asked' how he found himself, he replied, “That he was very much better, stronger, and more cheerful for that heavenly repast; and doubted not to walk like a Christian through the vale of death in the strength obtained through it. But he was to have an agony before his passion; and that was, the parting with his wife, eldest son, &c. which indeed was the saddest spectacle that ever I beheld. In blessing the young Lord, (afterwards Earl of Essex,) HE COMMANDED HIM NEVER TO REVENGE HIS DEATH, though it should be in his power. The like he said unto his Lady. He told his song that he would leave him a Legacy out of David's Psalms, and that was this; LORD, LEAD ME IN A PLAIN PATH !' For, boy,' said he, 'I would have you to be a plain honest man, and to hate dissimulation.""

ANECDOTES OF CYRUS. When Cyrus was twelve years old, his mother MANDANE took him with her into Media, to his grandfather ASTYAGES, who, from the many things he had heard said in favour of that young prince, had a great desire to see him. In this court young Cyrus found very different manners from those of his own country. Pride, luxury, and magnificence, reigned here universally. AsTYAGEs himself was richly clothed, had his eyes coloured, his face painted, and his hair embellished with artificial locks. For the Medes af. fected an effeminate life, to be dressed in scarlet, and to wear necklaces and bracelets ; whereas the habits of the Persians were very plain and coarse. All this finery did not dazzle Cyrus, who, without criticising or condemning what he saw, was contented to live as he had been brought up, and adhered to the principles he had imbibed from his infancy. He charmed

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his grandfather with his sprightliness and wit, and gained every body's favour by his noble and engaging behaviour. I shall only mention one instance, whereby we may judge of the rest.

Astyages, to make his grandson unwilling to return home, made & sumptuous entertainment, in which there was the utmost plenty and profusion of every thing that was nice and delicate. All this exquisite cheer and magnificent preparation CYRUS looked upon with great indifference; and observing ASTYAGES to be surprised at his behaviour : 6 The Persians,” said he to the King, " instead of going such a round-about way to appease their hunger, have a much shorter way to the same end ; a little bread and cresses with them answer the same purpose.” AstyAges having allowed CYRUS to dispose of all the meats as he thought fit, the latter immediately distributed them to the King's officers in waiting ; to one, because he taught him to ride; to another, because he waited well upon his grandfather; and to a third, because he took great care of his mother. SACAS, the King's cup-bearer, was the only person to whom he gave nothing. This officer, besides the post of cup-bearer, had that likewise of introducing those who were to have audience of the King ; and as he could not possibly grant that favour to Cyrus as often as he desired it, he had the misfortune to displease the Prince, who took this occasion to show his resentment. AsTYAGES testifying some concern at the neglect shown to this officer, for whom he had a particular regard, and who deserved it, as he said, on account of the wonderful dexterity with which he served him : 6 Is that all, Papa ?” replied Cyrus : “ if that be sufficient to merit your favour, you shall see I will quickly obtain it; for I will take upon me to serve you better than he.” Immediately CYRUS was equipped as a cup-bearer, and advancing gravely with a serious countenance, a napkin upon his shoulder, and holding the cup nicely with three of his fingers, he presented it to the King with a dexterity and a grace that charmed both ASTYAGES and MANDANE. When he had done,

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he flung himself upon his grandfather's neck, and kissing him, cried out with great joy : 6 O SACAS ! poor Sacas! thou art undone ; I shall have thy place.” ASTYAGES embraced him with great fond. ness, and said, “I am mightily well pleased, my dear child ; nobody can serve me with a better grace : but you have forgotten one essential ceremony, which is that of tasting :"-for the cup-bearer was used to pour some of the liquor into his left hand, and to taste it before he presented it to the King. "No," replied CYRUS, 66 it was not from forgetfulness that I omitted that ceremony." " Why then,” said AstyAGES, " for what reason did you omit it?” “ Because I apprehended there was poison in the liquor.” 66 Poison, child ! how could you think so ?” 66 Yes ; poison, Papa ; for not long ago, at an entertainment you gave to the lords of your court, after the guests had drunk a little of that liquor, I perceived all their heads were turned ; they sung, made a noise, and talked they knew not what: you yourself seemed to have forgotten that you were a King, and they that they were subjects; and when you would have danced, you could not stand upon your legs.” “Why,” said AsTYAGES, “have you never seen the same thing happen to your father?" "No, never,” replied Cyrus. 6. How is it with him when he drinks?” 66 Why, when he has drunk, his thirst is quenched, and that is all.”

OBSERVATIONS ON YOUTHFUL PIETY.

(By Mr. W. B. Browne, of Kettering.) “ I thy servant fear the LORD from my youth.” 1 Kings xviii. 12.

These are the words of OBADIAH, a resident in the palace of AHAB, King of Israel. Though under the control of a wicked Sovereign, yet, it is said, that “he feared the LORD greatly.” This excellent man served the true God in the worst times, and that even from the days of his youth; on this subject, the following obseryations may be made..

1. The season of youth is the fittest and best opportunity for engaging in the service of religion. This is peculiarly the time of warm and generous emotions, the heart should then rise into the admiration of whatever is morally great, grand, and glorious. Youth is the seed-time of life. Habits are not fully formed, prejudices have not pre-occupied the powers of the understanding. The energies of youth are more lively than they will be at any other period of life. Virtuous youth leads to flourishing manhood, and to respectable old age. But if youth, the very best time for improvement, be tritled away, manhood will be unprofitable, and old age exceedingly miserable. Youth then is the most propitious season for religion. During that auspicious period, lift up your souls in early de. votion to your adorable CREATOR. You now have the fewest obstacles, and the greatest number of helps, and upon the improvement of the spring of youth, depeuds the beauty of summer, and the abundance of autumn. Early piety is the express command of Heaven's Immortal KING: 6 Remember now thy CREATor in the days of thy youth.” An early acquaintance with religion is taught by the authority of ancient practice. Under the law the claims of the ALMIGHTY were asserted and regarded. The first was consecrated to God; the first-born of men, the firstborn of animals, and the first-fruits of the earth. A blighted spring is followed by an unfruitful year. The vernal blossom issues in autumnal fruits. Young trees, under proper culture, produce the greatest abundance.

“ Youth is the time to serve the LORD,

The time t' ensure the great reward." 2. The earlier your commencement, the higher your acquisitions; and the more illustrious your attainments. This axiom holds good in human science, as well as in genuine religion. They both require diligence and application, and the attainment of the end can only be accomplished by the use of the means. By far too many, who are very assiduous, yea, even laborious, in the culture of their minds in philosophy, and the

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