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our Society, and a useful teacher in the Sunday-school. Thus God blessed the simple efforts of this 66 little maid.”

While residing with her parents at Leeds, she had purchased a Bible, by the payment of one penny per week. This circumstance shows how laudably anxious she was to possess a copy of the Book of God as her own property, at the early age of eleven years. She brought this Bible to Manchester, and every hour of leisure was spent in the perusal of its contents. Her stated times of private devotion were in the morning and evening ; but she did not neglect other opportunities of making known her requests to God, by prayer and supplication.

As an apprentice, she adorned the doctrine of our SAVIOUR, and strictly adhered to that exhortation of the Apostle, 6 Be obedient to your masters, (or mistresses,) and please them well in all things.” This she did “heartily, as unto the LORD, and not to men.” When any of her fellow-apprentices were quarrelling, she endeavoured to make peace, but would never add fuel to the fire. It is stated by her mistress, that, during the eleven months of her residence with her, she was never known to be angry or out of temper. This fact evinces the amiableness of her dis. position, and exemplifies that 66 charity which never faileth.” As a daughter, she was one of the most obedient. A pleasing instance of this occurred when she was about nine years of age. She often obtained leave to attend a prayer-meeting held near her home. On these occasions, she experienced much pleasure and profit, but made it a point never to stay longer than the exact time allowed by her parents. Her mother, it is said, never knew her to tell an untruth; and, in corroboration of a fact so honourable to her, it is stated by the Ladies with whom she was an apprentice, that they could always place the strictest confidence in her word, because she would speak the truth, though she might suffer by it.

This pious girl was remarkable for her observance of ST. JAMES's rule, 6 Ye ought to say, if the LORD

MEMOIR OF SARAH RAWLING.

31

will, we shall live, and do this or that;” and the young reader will be convinced of the propriety of this langnage, when I mention, that, had she lived, she was to have gone on a visit to her parents, at Leeds, on the very day after that on which it pleased her Heavenly FATHER to call her out of this world. Her sister, who was an apprentice at the same place, said to her, but a few days before her death, “SARAH, on Wednesday we will go home;" to which SARAH very mildly replied, * PRUDENCE, you should say, " if it please God.'

The testimony of her class-leader is as follows: 6 Never before did I know so young a person as SARAH RAWLING possess such deep and solid piety, evi? denced by such a circumspect life. Whenever I met her, whether at the class, or in the town, or any other place, she was always happy in God." Thus we see that the blessing of God maketh rich, and he addeth no sorrow therewith.

In the neighbourhood where she resided, she was very much respected ; and the time of her death was, to those who best knew her, a season of great mourning. On the last day of the old year, she was at school; on the second day of this year, a cold and breathless corpse! So uncertain is life. On the day of her death, but a very short time before the fatal catastrophe took place, she was singing that hymn,

“Come, ye that love the LORD," &c. About one o'clock, she had been called to go into the town, and was returning with all possible speed; enjoying, no doubt, the anticipation of seeing her parents and friends on the next day. When but a very short distance from home, walking quickly across one of the principal streets, she, by some means, fell before a horse in a cart heavily laden. Before the driver could stop his horse, one of the cart wheels had gone over a part of her body. She was immediately carried to the Infirmary. She uttered but a few words ; and in less than half an hour expired, at the early age of fourteen years. Young as she was, it will be evident from the preceding details, that, in the sphere in which she moved, the grace of God had made her 6 a burning and a shining light.” · Manchester, March, 1821.

ANECDOTE.

COURTESY EXEMPLIFIED. SIR WILLIAM Gooch, when Governor of Virginia, being one day in conversation with a gentleman in one of the streets of Williamsburgh, courteously returned the salutation of a Negro, who was passing by on his master's business. “How, cried the gentleman, « can a man of your consequence return the salutation of a Negro.” SIR WILLIAM answered, 6 As I am determined to act in every respect like a gentleman, as well as a Governor, I cannot suffer a slave to exceed me in good manners.”

THE JUVENILE NATURALIST,

FOR JANUARY, 1822.

(From Time's Telescope for 1822.") " IN January, the numerous tribes of birds quit their retreats in search of food. The red-breast begins to sing ; larks congregate, and fly to the warm stubble for shelter ; and the nuthatch is heard. "The shell-less snail or slug makes its appearance, and commences its depredations on garden plants and green wheat. The missel-thrush begins its song. This bird sings between the flying showers, and continues its note till the beginning of August.

- The hedge-sparrow and the thrush now begin to sing. The wren, also, .pipes her perennial lay,' even among the flakes of snow. The titmouse pulls straws out of the thatch, in search of insects; linnets congregate; and rooks resort to their nest trees. Pullets begin to lay; young lambs are dropped now.

“ The house-sparrow chirps ; the bat appears; spiders shoot out their webs; and the blackbird whistles. The fieldfares, red-. wings, skylarks, and titlarks, resort to watered meadows for food, and are, in part, supported by the gnats which are on the snow near the water. The tops of tender turnips and ivy-berries

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afford food for the graminivorous birds, as the ringdove, &e. Earth-worms lie out on the ground, and the shell-snail appears.

“The appearances which nature presents in the vegetable kingdom, at this season of the year, are scanty indeed ; yet, amid the general torpor, reviviscent signs appear, enough to invite our readers to enter upon the study of Botany.

Buds and embryo blossoms in their silky, downy coats, often finely varnished to protect them from the wet and cold, are the principal botanical subjects for observation in January, and their structure is particularly worthy of notice. Buds are always formed in the spring preceding that in which they open, and are of two kinds, leaf buds and Aower buds, distinguished by a difference of shapes and figure, easily discernible by the observing eye; the fruit buds being thicker, rounder, and shorter than the others :-hence the gardener can judge of the probable quantity of blossom that will appear.

“ Buds possess a power analogous to that of seeds, and have been called the viviparous offspring of vegetables, inasmuch as they admit of a removal from their original connexion, and, its action being suspended for an indefinite time, can be renewed at pleasure ; thus, if a bud which is coated with a resinous substance be removed from its situation, and the surface which was united to the branch be covered with wax, it may be kept for many months, or even several years; and if then planted in the earth with an inverted glass cup over it, to prevent the exhalation at first being greater than the power of absorption, it will produce a tree similar to its parent; each bud, therefore, may be regarded as an individual plant.

“ The Christmas rose, as it is commonly called, exhibits its pretty flowers at this inclement season: the blowing of this plant was formerly regarded as no less than a miracle, worked by the staff of the devout JOSEPH of Arimathea, which was imagined to have been stuck in the ground by him, at Glastonbury Priory in Somersetshire, where it has ever since continued to bloom and surprise the beholders! If the season be very mild and favourable about the last week of this month, the garden crocus puts forth its flower before the leaves are grown to their full length. It was formerly cultivated to a considerable extent at Walden in'Essex, (to which it gave the name of Saffron Walden,) for the sake of the pistils, which, when gathered, composed the now useless saffron of the shops. As an agreeable contrast to this golden-coloured flower, the snow-drop, formerly called "fair maids of February,' from its generally appearing in that month, often graces the last days of this. It is a modest and elegantly drooping flower.

"The golden saxifrage, called also golden moss, and stonecrop, in the absence of other flowers, affords its little aid to give life and beauty to the garden. The bramble still retains its leaves, and gives a thin scattering of green in the otherwise leafless hedges ; while the berries of the hawthorn, the wild rose, and the spindle tree, afford their brilliant touches of red. The twigs of the red dog-wood, too, give a richness amid the general brown of the other shrubs.”

BRIEF ASTRONOMICAL NOTICES,

FOR JANUARY, 1822. “The Planet Mercury is a morning-star, till the 23d of this month; but, from his small height above the horizon, before sun-rise, will afford very slender opportunities for observation.

“ Venus is an evening star.

“MARS rises about 9 at night, on the Ist; and every succeeding evening earlier. He is seen in the body of the Lion, slowly moving, first in an eastward direction, and then more quickly retracing his steps westward.

“ JUPITER is on the meridian at 31 minutes past 6, in the afternoon of the Ist, and about 5 on the 24th. SATURN is below him, and the distance between them is daily increasing. Both these planets are in excellent positions for observations upon them..

“SATURN is on the meridian at half past 6 in the afternoon of the 1st, and about 5 on the 23d. His motion will be direct, but much slower than that of JUPITER. .“ HERSCHEL will be at first too near the Sun to be visible as a morning-star : but, as the Sun is rapidly moving from him, he will be discovered before the end of the month.

“Thus this month presents us with a fine appearance of the planets. At first, VENUS, SATURN, and JUPITER, will attract our attention, and soon after VENUS sets, MARS rises, and the three superior planets decorate the hemisphere, the two former in the western, the latter in the eastern portion of it. In the second week, the four planets are at the same time above the horizon ; and before the end of the month, VENUS and MARare at the same height above it, at the opposite regions, and afford us an opportunity of comparing together their respective lustres with those of JUPITER and SATURN."

(Evening Amusements.)

POETRY.

WINTER.
The dewy morns of Spring are o'er ;

The heats of Summer all are gone;
And even Autumn is no more;

Lo! time has brought dull Winter on.
Emblem of man the Seasons are;

His years, alas! will soon be past;
Yet thoughtless he, and void of care,

As though they would for ever last!

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