and, by a constant attention to his book, soon became a tolerable proficient in that art. When the Sunday. School was established, John was among the first candidates for admission, and had continued in it until the present time, a steady and worthy scholar. His work-day employment was among the neighbouring farmers, with whom he bore a most excellent character for punctuality, carefulness, and industry. Of the money that he earned, he was particularly careful. While his aunt lived, the whole of his wages were deposited with her. He was never known to spend his money except in something useful. He had par. chased a Bible, a Prayer-book, and a Hymn-book, of the sort used in school; and he also regularly took in the “Youth's Instructer.” These books formed his little library; and the hymns, prayers, chapters of the Scriptures, and other pieces, which he had com. mitted to memory, afforded a plain proof that he had not only bought but read them. From the propriets and rectitude of his conduct, there was good reason to believe, that he also made the principles which those works contain the rules of his conduct. His attendance at the Sunday-School was regular, and his behaviour such as rendered him beloved by all. It must not be imagined, that he was dull, stupid, or melancholy. No; on the contrary, there was not a more lively and cheerful boy in the village, nor one who would more pleasautly join, at a proper time, and with good companions, in any innocent recreation. His habits of life were indeed peculiarly favourable to the production of cheerfulness. He rose early, was industrious, and diligently seized every. opportunity of improving his mind in all useful knowledge. When at church or chapel, his becoming deportment rendered him conspicuous among his school fellows; and whenever the Liturgy was read, he gave proof of his attention to what was going on, hy ser ously and modestly joining in the responses at the proper periods. This is a practice which all Sunday: School children, who attend places where that exceljent form of prayer and praise is statedly or occia



sionally used, should be careful to learn ; for they. will thus, not merely listen to the worship of others, but take their own individual part in that worship, which will render the whole service doubly interesting, and fix much important truth in their niemories.

Such is the character of John Gibson. I listened to it with delight; and thought how well it would be if all children would endeavour to imitate the good qualities by which this poor orphan Sunday School boy is distinguished.

It was now four o'clock. The children had finished their reading-lessons. Another hymn was sung, after which a suitable prayer concluded the duties of the afternoon: the children were dismissed, and the Conductor and myself proceeded slowly towards the village.

C. C. ,

ANECDOTE OF A JEWISH GIRL. (From the last Report of the London Society for Promoting Christianity

aniong the Jews, 1822.) The Moravian Minister at Gottenburg, MR.Starc, has established schools for boys and girls. Among the latter are three young Jewesses. With the consent of their parents, who live in the city, they read in the school the New Testament, and receive christian instruction with the other children; with what effect may be inferred from the following fact. One of these Jewish children fell dangerously sick, and was brought home to her parents, to be nursed by her mother. The life of the child was for some time despaired of; but she recovered, and, after an absence of some weeks, returned to the school. There she was received by her fellow-pupils with expressions of the most cordial joy and love, especially by one, with whom she was more intimately connected. Her she called apart, and said, “ Now I will tell you how I have been restored. I recollected what we have read in ihe New Testament, of the many sick, whom Jesus restored to health with a word or a touch, and that he is still living, and hears prayers. Now, I thought, I will pray to him, that he will be my physician. So I did ; he has heard my prayer; and therefore I now find myself well again.”

JUSTICE ILLUSTRATED. XENOPHON, in his “ Institution of Cyrus," which he designed for the idea of a well-educated Prince, tells the following instructive story concerning young CYRUS. His Governor, the better to make him un. derstand the nature of Justice, put this case to him: " You see there,” said he to Cyrus, “two boys playing, of different stature; the lesser of them has a very long coat, and the bigger a very short one. Now, if you were a judge, how would you dispose of these two garments ? Cyrus immediately, and with very good reason as he thought, replied, “That the taller boy should have the longer garment, and he that was of lower stature the shorter ; because this certainly was fittest for them both.” Upon this his Governor sharply rebuked him, telling him, that if he bad to make two coats for them, he said well; but he did not put this case to him as a Tailor, but as a Judge, and as such he had given a very wrong sentence : " For a Judge,” said he, cought not to consider what is most fit, but what is just; not who could make the best use of a thing, but who hath the most right to it."


AN ANECDOTE. Æsop was much surprised and dissatisfied at the cold and indifferent manner in which Solon viewed the magnificent palace and the vast treasures of Crous. It was, in fact, the master, and not the house, that the Philosopher wished to have reason for adiniring. « Certainly,” said ANACHARSIS to Æsop on that occasion, “ you have forgot your own fable of the Fox and the Panther. The latter, for her highest virtue, could only show a fine skin, beautifully marked and spotted with different colours; the Fox's skin, on the



contrary, was very plain, but contained within it a treasure of useful knowledge. This very image,” continued the Scythian, 6 shows me your own character. You are affected with a splendid outside, whilst you pay little or no regard to what is truly the man, that is, to that which is in him, and consequently properly his.”


No. II. LORD CHANCELLOR CLARENDON. HYDE, Earl of Clarendon, and Lord fligh Chancellor of England, was descended from an ancient family in Cheshire, and born at Dinton, near Hindow, in Wiltshire, in 1608. He was entered of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, where, in 1625, he took the degree of A.B., and afterwards studied the Law in the Middle · Temple. In the Parliament which began at Westminster, April 10, 1640, he served for Wotton Basset, in Wiltshire. His abilities were much taken notice of, and he was employed in several committees to examine into divers grievances; but at last, being dissatisfied with the proceedings of Parliament, he retired to the King, and was made Chancellor of the Exchequer, a Privy Counsellor, and Knight. Upon the decline of the King's cause, he went to France, where, after the death of CHARLES I., he was sworn of the Privy Council to CHARLES II. In 1649, he and LORD COTTINGTON were sent Ambassadors Extraordinary into Spain, and in 1656 he was constituted Lord High Chancellor of England. Soon after the Restoration, the Duke of York, afterwards JAMES II., married ANN Hyde, his Lordship's eldest daughter; which led to her father's appointment as Chancellor of the University of Oxford. This was soon followed by other honours; he was created Viscount CORNBURY, and EARL of CLARENDON; and, on the death of HENRY, LORD FALKLAND, was made Lord-Lieutenant of the county of Oxford. Thus placed in the highest offices of the state, and endowed with the greatest influence, such


was his inflexible justice, that he took care neither to abridge the King's prerogative, nor encroach upon the liberties of the people; and therefore would not set aside the Petition of Right, nor endeavour to raise the Star-Chamber or High Commission-Courts again. In this just conduct, he is said to have been influenced by his dying father's advice. Some years before, when he began to grow eminent in the Law, he went down to yisit his father in Wiltshire ; who, one day, as they were walking in the fields, observed to him, that men of his profession were apt to stretch the prerogative too far, and to injure liberty, but charged him, if ever he came to any eminence in his profession, Dever to sacrifice the liberty and laws of his country to his own interest or the will of his Prince: he repeated his advice twice; and immediately fell into a fit of apoplexy, and died in two hours. This cir. cumstance had a lasting influence upon him. In 1662, he opposed a proposal for the King's marriage with the Infanta of Portugal,* and the sale of Dunkirk. In 1663, articles of high reason were exhibited against him in the House of Lords, by the Earl of Bristol ; but they were rejected. In 1664, he opposed the war with Ilolland. CHARLES, finding CLARENDON a steady enemy to his immoralities, and firmly opposed to his schemes for replenishing his embarrassed purse, at length surrendered him as a sacrifice to the resentment of his Parliament, to whom he was become obnoxious, in order to procure some more supplies to himself. This act of the King was followed up by his being removed from the Chancellorship; and in November following he was im.peached of high treason, and other crimes and misdemeanours, by the Ilouse of Commons ; upon which he retired to France, when a bill was passed for banishing him from the King's dominions. He resided at

* KING CHARLES II. concluded a marriage with the Infanta of Portugal for the sake of her portion, which was £500,000, together with the fortress of Tangier in Africa, and Bombay in the Last Indies.

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