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might have cleansed my way through the early walks of life; but I was foolish. Do you improve by my folly. As ALEXANDER used HOMER, do you use the Bible ; make it your companion all day, and your pillow all night. Nothing can be half so important to you. It is your guide, your counsellor, your judge. It contains the key to history, the finest models of eloquence, the purest morality, the conveyance of immortality. Make it the standard of all other books. Read them as a judge, but consult it as a disciple. Knowledge, elsewhere, is tinctured by the earthly channels through which it flows; but here, it dwells as in its fountain,-pure, spiritual, living, and life-imparting. In many other works you will find good opinions grafted on bad principles, weak conclusions gathered from just premises, the spirit of the world encumbering the spirit of piety,--a strange mixture of clay, iron, and gold; but in the Scriptures, all is gold, pure unalloyed gold, authorized by the image and superscription of JEHOVAH. that rests upon it. Search, the Scriptures, as the miner searches the bowels of the earth for the precious metals; for in them is eternal life, and they testify of JESUS.
(To be continued.)
BE MERRY AND WISE. Tuis is a precept of proverbial sagacity; and, aca cording to the general character of the instruction thus conveyed, it possesses the rare advantage of saying much in a few words. This happy combination, as the result of a cheerful, well-regulated mind, may fairly be regarded, not only as an object of innocent desire, but also of thankful acknowledgment. But while, to youth in particular, may be
BE MERRY AND WISE.
occasionally, allowed those expressions of hilarity which the elasticity of the spirits, in that blithe season of life, renders so natural, yet the regulation of that liberty, both as to time and degree, requires the salutary intervention of a principle which is not always so immediately at hand. Wisdom suggests that the expression of our feelings should accord with the occasions which excite them; and here she places the distinction between genuine cheerfulness, and the immoderate sallies of unmeaning mirth.
These considerations are perhaps more frequently lost sight of, during the present festive season, than at any other period of the year : yet if the great event in which this annual festival originates, were kept more distinctly in remembrance, would not a holier character be given to our rejoicings ; and giddy dissipation, and tumultuous revelry, give place to that religious, rational, and social cheerfulness, which piety and gratitude may blamelessly indulge?. .
By divine appointment, the Israelites, in yearly feasts, commemorated the illustrious interpositions of Jehovah in behalf of their much-favoured nation, in order that a livelier recollection of the benefits received might be continually preserved upon their minds. The Christian Church, for the same weighty reason, has conformed to their example; and celebrates, with equal care, those great transactions on which she rests the whole foundation of her faith and hope.
While thankfully reflecting on the various and unmeasured blessings which flow to him through the mysterious incarnation of JEHOVAH, his REDEEMER ; the Christian and the Protestant will find his gratitude increased by calling to remembrance his eman. cipation from the puerile superstitions of his popish, as well as from the deeper and more dreadful darkness of his pagan ancestors.
Before the introduction of the Gospel to this happy country, the heathen Saxons held at this season of the year a festival in honour of the sun. This luminary, under the name of Huli, was the object of their worship; and they celebrated his re-ascension from the winter solstice with vast burnings and illuminations, as expressive of their gratitude for his returning light and heat. Large logs of wood, conveyed by horses to their dwellings, with much superstitious ceremony, continued blazing during the days employed in these idolatrous festivities, wherein were offered many sacrifices to the idol, to whom they impiously transferred those honours which were only due to the Eternal God. :
The blessed dawn of Christianity dispersed this midnight gloom. No longer was the sun regarded as the object of religious reverence; but superstition, readily adopting many of the customs of idolatry, retained the ceremonies practised at this season,* engrafting them upon a purer faith. .
That light' which shone not on the heathen, and which but dimly gleamed through the corrupted mists of popish error, now darts on Britain the full splendour of its beams. The feast which celebrates the rising of the Sun of Righteousness on a benighted world, should therefore be observed with temperate and holy gratitude; which, while it thankfully ac
* The Yule-log, 'the Yule-coal, &c., with which Christmas is still ushered in, in the northern parts of the kingdom, are the remains of these heathen customs.
DESCRIPTION OF THE MATTE.
knowledges the greatest boon that heaven in its redandant bounty could confer upon the world, forgets not that its exultation should be chastened by the humbling recollection, that the restoration of man's fallen nature could be no otherwise accomplished than by the INCARNATION OF THE SON OF GOD. A. B.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PLANT CALLED MATTÉ,
AND OF THE USE TO WHICH IT IS APPLIED, IN BRAZIL.
(From Mr. Luccock's “ Notes on Rio de Janeiro.") In Brazil, this plant is commonly called Cangunha, or Congonha; which is probably a corruption of Caancunha, the woman's leaf. It grows, not in the province of Parana alone, but more or less over the whole table-land. It is the produce of a low shrub, so much like the tea-plant of China, that two gen. tlemen, who had been in the East, first led me particularly to notice it, as a species of wild tea. Being curious to discover whether there was any other similarity, besides the appearance, they gathered some of the leaves, dried them on hot stones, and produced a beverage of an agreeable bitter taste, not unlike Bohea. In the common preparation of Matté, the collected leaves are laid in large heaps upon hides, and placed between two fires, so as to be thoroughly dried. They are then broken small, and, though more yellow, form a substance much resembling what is called the dust of tea. To prepare it for use, it is infused in water, generally in the half of a cocoanut shell, variously ornamented; and not poured into eups, but sucked through a pipe, which has a strainer at the lower end, to prevent the herb from entering
the tube. In taking it, the vessel is commonly passed round to a whole company; and whatever disgust may arise from the sight of some of the mouths receiving the pipe in their turn, it would be deemed the height of ill-breeding to decline a share of the Matté.
THE SICK NEGRO BOY. Mr.Luccock, in his “ Notes on Rio de Janeiro, &c." tells us, that in a building on a rock in the harbour of Rio, lately assigned to the British for an hospital, but formerly appropriated to persons labouring under elephantiasis, (leprosy,) he had an opportunity of seeing a case of that singular malady, the Guinea-worm. He gives the following account of it.
“ The patient was a Negro-boy, about fourteen years of age, among whose countrymen the disease chiefly prevails. The animal, if so it may be called, appeared coiled up beneath the skin ; after some time, what was said to be the head protruded itself; this was seized with a small forceps, and the worm drawn out to the length of two inches; the extracted part was then wound about a small stick to prevent its return. In a few hours after, another portion was drawn out, and secured in the same way. By a similar process, the greatest care being always used not to break it, the whole was extracted, and then appeared like a thin dried thread of catgut, several feet in length. The boy had these worms in every part of his body, had been treated for them in his own country, and was deemed incurable, and, on that account, had been sold by his parents for two yards of checked linen. He remained in the hospital about three weeks, was placed, I believe, in a complete state