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FURTHER ACCOUNT OF THE ANIMAL FLOWER. 205
have procured a number of sticks, one for each of his children, and one for himself; and with these, instead of horses; to have formed his little ones into a troop of infant cavalry. Then, placing himself at their head, he gave the word of command, and led them, at a smart pace, round the room. One day, while they were thus engaged, a friend unexpectedly broke in upon them : but the King was not at all disconcerted, and only stayed the sport, that he might request his friend to say nothing of what he had seen, until he himself became a father ; intimating, I suppose, that he was not trivially, but affectionately engaged, and that, to one who was by circumstances enabled to appreciate the extent of parental affection, there would not be the least semblance of folly in such a diversion.
By nothing did my own dear father (now, alas, no more !) so much endear himself to me in the days of my childhood, as by condescending to become my play-fellow. And from general observation I well know, that it is a practice with many fathers to evince the tenderness of their affection by such endearing tokens. And if it be so, how great are the obligations of children to their parents, and how loudly are they called upon to observe the Fifth Com. mandment; 6 Honour thy father and thy mother that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.”
FURTHER ACCOUNT OF THE ANIMAL FLOWER.
(By the Rev. A. G. JEWETT.) In the Youth's Instructer for April, (see page 135,) is inserted an account of the Animal Flower of the Island of St. Lucie. Perhaps it may be acceptable to some juvenile Readers, to be informed that beautiful specimens of this wonderful production may be found nearer home, and that the rocks of our Island are as fruitful as those of the tropical regions in these curiosities.
The eastern coast of Scotland is bounded by rocks. In the north, near Banff, they rise perpendicularly,
in some places, to an immense height; in others, they overhang their bases; and in others, where the waves have carried away some of the softer or more disjointed strata, those which remain are inclining towards the sea, and by their sharp points, jutting out, seem to forbid further violence, and threaten destruction to the adventurous boat which dares to approach. lo some places a huge pile of rock is completely insulated, and lifts up its head like a vast pyramid, affording a secure resting-place for the wild fowl; these naked rocks are sometimes perforated, and a lofty arch spans the waters which roll beneath; and in other places, the rocks joined to the main land are rent, and deep caverns hollowed out below, some left dry at low water, others accessible only in boats, and others closed by the murmuring waves against all entrance. In the winter, when the north-easterly winds sweep over the Murray Firth, its rolling and its roar, and the breaking of the surges on its coast of rocks, are truly dreadful : in the summer, when all is still the scene viewed from the solitude of some of the heathy craigs, is the most lovely and tranquil. lizing imaginable : the spectator seems at the very edge of this world ; the wide, interminable expanse of eternity appears 'as if spread before him, and he communes, if piously disposed, silently with God. The scattered fragments of rocks, over which the tide flows, are usually covered with kelp and various other fuci, under which limpets, and other shell-fish, are found adhering closely to the larger masses, and muscles safely moored to pebbles and smaller pieces of stone, or sometimes bedded in the hollows. Round the bases of the rocks, the water is remarkably clear; and in the fissures and natural basins, which the receding tide leaves full, it is so much so, that sea
weed of the most delicate texture, small shells, • -and pebbles of varied hues, and minute animals, may
be seen distinctly at the bottom, at the depth of twelve feet or more ; and the white strata of the rock, and the green colour of the sea-weed, are perceptible at a long distance from the shore, where the water is
FURTHER ACCOUNT OF THE ANIMAL FLOWER: 207
very deep, when the sun shines on it. On the sides of the rock-basins, the Animal Flowers may be found, blooming through the colourless fluid in which they live. Those which I have seen have been about the size, and much of the appearance, of the ranunculus, or the double marigold; only the petals are not quite so numerous. These petals are generally motionless, except the water be agitated, when they wave with its undulations ; or when touched by any thing, when they immediately close. The colours I have observed, have been in some, a bright yellow; in some, a rose colour; but commonly, a reddish orange., I never succeeded in detaching one from the rock; when left by the tide they still adhere closely, but then to the eye and touch seem like a piece of dead and corrupting flesh, about the size of the upper part of the thumb. They soon expand when the water flows on them again, or when they have contracted in consequence of being touched. The petals are a kind of claws which serve to take their prey, and convey it to the mouth in the centre of the flower. They are said to be very vordcious; some of tlie large foreign species have becik known to take in two muscles with their shells at once, and even a small crab-fish, and afterwards throw out the shells, completely cleared of the meat.
On the coast of Galloway, also, in the west of Scots land, Animal Flowers are found. In Sir John SinCLAIR's Statistical Account of Scotland, several writers: mention them. 6 About five years ago," says one, "I discovered in the parish of Colvend, the Animal Flower, in as great perfection and variety, as it is in Jamaica. The lively colours, and the various and elegant forms of the polypus, on this coast, are truly equal to any thing related by natural historians, respecting the sea-flowers of any other country. To see a flower of purple, of green, blue, yellow, &c., striving to catch a worm, is really amusing.” Another writer observes, “ Till of late, perhaps, it has not been much adverted to, that the Animal Flower, or Water Polypus, is even common along the shores of Buittle, Colvend, and very likely around the whole
coast of the stewartry of Galloway. The form of these polypuses is elegant, and pleasantly diversified. Some are found resembling the sun-flower, some the hundred-leaved rose, but the greater number bear the likeness of the poppy. The colours differ as much as the form. Sometimes the Animal Flower is of a deep purple, frequently of a rose colour, but mostly of a light red or fleshy hue. The most beautiful of them that could be picked up, have often been carried from the shore of Colvend, twelve or fifteen miles up the country, where they have lived, fed on worms, for several weeks, and might have existed much longer, if they could have been supplied with sea-water. In a word, it seems probable, that an industrious naturalist might discover, on this caast, some of these sin. gular animals, not much inferior to those produced in the Antilles, and other tropical countries." · It is said that the Actinia Dianthus, or Sea-Cara nation, adheres to the under part of the projecting rocks opposite to the town of Hastings, in Sussex. When the tide is out, it has the appearance of a long. white fig : in the water it spreads into five large petals, each edged with a number of smaller ones. On the beach near the cliffs at Harwich, in Essex, I have often seen, after a storm, small pieces of a flesh-like substance, which I then conceived to be parts of some marine animal, and which I now feel persuaded were Animal Flowers torn from the rocks by the violence of the waves. It is very likely that some might be found blooming in the shallow water at the foot of the cliffs.
When we took over the wide field of nature, we cannot but be astonished at the wondrous variety of objects with which it is crowded ; objects so divera sified, and yet so closely connected in the great chain of being. The same marks of design are visible, the workmanship of the same hand appears, and the wisdom and benevolence of God run through the whole. The Actinia species form the connecting links betwixt the animal and vegetable kingdoms. We may follow up the chain to man; we see him
MEMORIAL OP A PIOUS CHILD.
partaking of a nature which is spiritual, and the transition is easy to angels; and perhaps when our faculties are enlarged in eternity, we shall be able to trace the chain through all the gradations of celestial spirits, till we find the first link suspended (but equally as dependant as the most reniote) from the throne of the Most High. Here, we know but in part; but whatsoever is really necessary for our present hapo piness and eternal salvation, is so clearly revealed, that we need not err..
Paisley, 1822. .
MEMORIAL OF A PIOUS CHILD.. ANN Price, of Whitchurch, Salop, was born Jan. 30, 1813; and, almost from her infancy, had a measure of the fear of God before her eyes. She was very remarkable for obedience to her parents, and for being tender-hearted and kind to those around her; so that she was beloved by all. She was sent to the Sunday-School, before she was four years of age; and was very fond of her books. As she now learned . more clearly the heinous nature of sin, she appeared' to abhor it the more; so that, if she heard scolding' or swearing, as she passed through the streets, she would run home much distressed, and clasping her little hands together, would complain to her mother, that the people had been saying bad words. She also felt very greatly for the poor, and for beggars; and when she had a halfpenny, would give it cheerfully, or, if she had nothing to give,. would entreat her pa. reats to give them something, promising to pay it back as soon as she could ; which promises she punctually performed. .
Her mind was particularly impressed with a sense of her own state as a sinner before God, and the necessity of being made fit for heaven, while her teacher was reading, one Sabbath, an extract from 6. The Sunday School Teacher's Guide.” When she went home, she expressed her thankfulness that she had been sent to the School to hear such good things;