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distressing species of alloy. DAVID asserts, “I have seen an end of all perfection.” SOLOMON, his son, corroborates the saying of his father: “ Vanity of vanities, all is vanity." The most competent judges who ever lived were David and Solomon, I who, from their lofty thrones, and whilst surrounded with imperial honours, yet in the midst of all discovered some alloy. A great poet on the same subject says,

“Each pleasure has its poison too,

And every sweet a snare.” It is only in pure religion here, and unending felicity hereafter, that our happiness is without alloy. “ The river of the water of life, clear as crystal, proceeds out of the throne of God and the LAMB.” Kettering.

W.B. BROWNE.

THE WAY TO HAPPINESS:

AN ANECDOTE. • AN Italian Bishop'struggled through great diffi. culties without repining, and met with much oppo. sition in the discharge of his episcopal function without ever betraying the least impatience. An intimate friend of his, who highly admired those virtues which he thought it impossible to imitate, one day asked the Prelate, if he could communicate his secret of being always easy? 6 Yes,” replied the old man, “ I can teach you my secret, and with great facility : it consists in nothing more than making a right use of my eyes.” His friend begged him to explain himself. “Most willingly," returned the Bishop: 66 In whatever state I am, I first look up to heaven, and remember, that my principal business here is to get there. I then look down upon the earth, and call to mind how small a space I shall occupy in it when I come to be interred. I then look abroad in the world, and observe what multitudes there are, who are in all respects more unhappy than myself. Thus I learn where true happiness is placed, where all our cares must end, and how very little reason I have to repine or to complain."

EVIL-SPEAKING REBUKED:

AN ANECDOTE. WHEN any one was speaking ill of another in the presence of PETER the Great, he at first listened to him attentively, and then interrupted him. “ Is there not,” said he, 6 a fair side also to the character of the person of whom you are speaking ? Come, tell me what good qualities you have remarked about him."

THE TRAVELLER. No. II.

THE SABBATH.

" It was a beauteous summer sabbath-morn,

That rose serenely mild and calm. The sun
Shone bright from out a clear and placid sky;
And gently from each blade, and leaf, and flower,
Stole imperceptibly the humid dew.
The feather'd songsters, lively, light, and gay,
Flitted from bough to bough, and with their strains,

Tun'd to the dawn, the dales and woodlands rung." I HAVE, from my youth, made it a rule to rise early. Besides its being favourable to health, there are many other advantages attending early rising. A man who detaches a couple of hours from those usually allotted to sleep may be said to live longer than one who rises late. Too much sleep, or rather, slothful dozing in bed, after the body is sufficiently refreshed, weakens the constitution, and enervates the mental faculties. Of two evils, it is much better to rise half an hour too soon, than to sleep an hour too long. In the morning, creation appears most beautiful; and on a fine summer morning, our time may be pleasantly employed in attentively considering the beauties of nature, and through them rising up to nature's God." The morning has considerable influence upon the rest of the day; and, according as its hours are spent, the effects will be good or evil. If we rise early, and employ our time well, we get the start of

our business; but if, on the contrary, we sacrifice too much time in sleep, we fall into arrears to our several duties, and they so crowd upon us, that throughout the day we can never recover from our difficulties, but do every thing that is done in a hurried and indifferent manner.

But it is particularly important to rise early on the Sabbath-day; though too many, alas ! seem to make it their study how to shorten this holy day by com. mencing it later, and concluding it sooner, than any other. And we should not only begin the Sabbath early, but be careful to spend the whole of it in a becoming manner. Let the morning hours be appro. priated to private devotion. After that, the perusal of the sacred volume, and meditation on its contents, may fill up the remainder of the time, till the hour of divine service. The public worship of God ought never to be neglected. Carelessness as to the performance of this duty has been followed by the most alarming consequences; and to omit it, or to attend to it with apathy and indifference, is equally dangerous. To omit it, is to despise an ordinance appointed by God himself. To attend it with apathy, so as to be " Gospel-hardened,” indicates one of the most dread. ful states of mind which can possibly be conceived.

Influenced by these views, I arose early in the morning; and after breakfast set out for the VillageChurch, which was situated at the distance of rather better than a mile. As I was yet too early for the time of service, I proceeded slowly along a lane, thickly shaded with overhanging boughs, until I crossed a stile into the fields, through which lay the foot-path to the church. The morning was beautiful. The sun shone bright, and the waters of a murmuring brook, which glided down the meadows, sparkled brightly in the beam, and reflected with faithful ex. actness the deep azure, and the thin white clouds, of the serene canopy above. As I went leisurely down the meadows, the bells of the church began to ring; and at the sound, numerous small parties issued from their

ANCIENT CHARACTERS..

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habitations, and proceeded thither from various directions. My path in a short time ended in another secluded lane.

Before I had reached the stile at the bottom of the fields leading into it, I saw coming down the opposite meadows a line of children, perhaps about a hundred. Just, as. I was crossing the stile, they were entering the same lane through a gate. I was much pleased with their neat appearance and healthy looks. I found on inquiry that they were, as I had supposed, Sunday-School children, and were going to church. As we went forward, I entered into conversation with their conductor respecting the school, which con learning from him that there would be no second service at church) I determined to attend in the af. ternoon. We soon arrived at the church, where I heard a most excellent discourse. My visit to the Sunday-school shall be particularly described in my next paper.

C. C.

ANCIENT CHARACTERS.

No. III.

AGESILAUS. AGESILAUS, King of Sparta, was the youngest son of ARCHIDAMUS, and succeeded to the throne after the death of his elder brother, Agis. As the crown of Sparta, was, by law, to descend to Agis, AGESILAUS had nothing to expect but a private station, and therefore received a common Lacedæmonian education ; which, though hard in respect of diet, and full of laborious exercises, was well calculated to teach the youth obedience. Hence it was, that he accommodated himself with a better grace to his subjects, because, before he came to govern, he had learned to obey.

He was lame in one leg : but that defect was compensated by a constant vivacity and cheerfulness of manner, which made him agreeable even in old age. In his youth, he was remarked to have a spirit above his companions, an ambition to excel, which made him

unwilling to sit down without the prize, and an impetuosity not easily conquered; yet was he equally remarkable for his gentleness, where it was necessary to obey. · AGESILAUS had not been long seated upon the throne, before he was called out, in defence of his country, to take the field at the head of the Lace. dæmonian army. After a number of conquests, he was stayed in his warlike career by sickness; and the Spartans were defeated in every engagement which they undertook, until he again appeared at their head. In his eightieth year, he went to assist Tachos, King of Egypt; and on this occasion, the officers of that Monarch hastened to pay him their court; but they were much surprised when they beheld no pomp or grandeur of appearance, and saw only a little plain old man, in mean attire, seated upon the grass by the sea-side. AGESILAUS died on his return from Egypt, in the year 372, B. C., after a reign of thirty-six years. His remains were embalmed, and conveyed to Lacedæmon.

From among numerous anecdotes related of him, I have selected the following, as most likely to in. "terest the juvenile Reader.

1. One day, CALLIPEDES, who had acquired high re. putation among the Greeks as a tragedian, and was universally caressed, approached A GESILAUS,' and paid his respects to him ; after which he mixed, with a pompous air, in his train, 'expecting that he would take some honourable notice of him. At last, finding himself to remain unregarded, he said, “ Do you not know me, Sir?” The King, casting his eyes upon him, slightly answered, “ Are you not CALLIPEDES, the stage-player ?"-At another time, being asked to go and hear a man who imitated a nightingale, he refused, and said, “I have heard the nightingale herself.”

2. The affection of AGESILAUS towards his children was so great, that he is said to have found his highest pleasure in sometimes sharing their infantine diversions. On one of these occasions he is related to

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