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as that I have found a fitness to my thinking, in title, a principal owner and proprietor of that, I canmyself to observe and revere your virtues : for the not call, talent, but mite, that God hath given me ; continuance whereof, in the prolonging of your which I ever do and shall devote to your service. days, I will still be your beadsman ; and accordingly, And in like humble manner, I pray your lordship at this time, commend your lordship to the divine to pardon mine errors, and not to impute unto protection.
me the errors of any other, which I know also themselves have by this time left and forethought, but to conceive of me to be a man that daily
profiteth in duty. It is true I do in part comfort X. TO THE LORD TREASURER BURGHLEY.* myself, supposing that it is my weakness and in
sufficiency that moveth your lordship, who hath so Most HONOURABLE AND MY VERY GOOD LORD,
general a comm
mand, to use others more able. But I know I may commit an error in writing this let it be as it is, for duty only and homage I will letter, both in a time of great and weighty business, boldly undertake, that nature and true thankfulness as also when myself am not induced thereto by any shall never give place to a politic dependence. new particular occasion ; and therefore your lord- Lastly, I most humbly desire your lordship to conship may impute to me either levity, or ignorance tinue unto me the good favour, and countenance, what appertaineth to good respects and forwardness and encouragement, in the course of my poor travails, of dealing, especially to an honourable person, in whereof I have had some taste and experience; for whom there is such concurrence of “magnitudo the which I yield your lordship my very humble honoris et oneris," as it is hard to say whether is good thanks. And so again, craving your honour's the greater. But I answer myself first, that I have pardon for so long a letter, carrying so empty an ever noted it as a part of your lordship’s excellent offer of so impuissant a service, but yet a true and wisdom,“ parvis componere magna ;” that you do unfeigned signification of an honest and vowed duty; not exclude inferior matters of access, amongst the I cease, commending your lordship to the preservcare of great. And for myself, I thought it would ation of the Divine Majesty. better manifest what I desire to express, if I did write out of a deep and settled consideration of my own duty, rather than upon the spur of a particular occasion: and therefore, my singular good lord, "ex XI. A LETTER TO THE LORD TREASURER abundantia cordis," I must acknowledge how greatly BURGHLEY, IN EXCUSE OF HIS SPEECH diversly your lordship hath vouchsafed to tie me IN PARLIAMENT AGAINST THE TRIPLE unto you by many your benefits. The reversion of SUBSIDY." the office which your lordship only procured unto
IT MAY PLEASE YOUR LORDSHIP, me, and carried through great and vehement opposition, though it yet bear no fruit, yet it is one of I was sorry to find, by your lordship's speech the fairest flowers of my poor estate ; your lordship's yesterday, that my last speech in parliament, deconstant and serious endeavours to have me solicit- livered in discharge of my conscience, and duty to or; your late honourable wishes for the place of God, her Majesty, and my country, was offensive. the wards ; together with your lordship’s attempt If it were misreported, I would be glad to attend to give me way by the remove of Mr. Solicitor ; your lordship to disavow any thing I said not; if it they be matters of singular obligation : besides were misconstrued, I would be glad to expound mymany other favours, as well by your lordship’s grants self, to exclude any sense I meant not. If my heart from yourself, as by your commendation to others, be misjudged by imputation of popularity or oppowhich I have had for my help; and may justly per- sition, by any envious or officious informer, I have suade myself, out of the few denials I have received great wrong; and the greater, because the manner that fewer might have been, if mine own industry of my speech did most evidently show, that I spake and good hap had been answerable to your lordship's simply and only to satisfy my conscience, and not goodness. But, on the other side, I most humbly with any advantage, or policy to sway the cause : pray your lordship’s pardon if I speak it; the time and my terms carried all signification of duty and is yet to come that your lordship did ever use, or zeal towards her Majesty and her service. It is command, or employ me, in my profession, in any true, that from the beginning, whatsoever was above services or occasions of your lordship's own, or such a double subsidy, I did wish might, for precedent's as are near unto your lordship; which hath made sake, appear to be extraordinary, and, for discontent's me fear sometimes, that your lordship doth more sake, might not have been levied upon the poorer honourably affect me, than thoroughly discern of my sort: though otherwise, I wished it as rising as I most humble and dutiful affection to your lordship think this will prove, and more. This was my mind, again: which if it were not in me, I knew not I confess it: and therefore I most humbly pray whether I were unnatural, unthankful, or unwise. your good lordship, first, to continue me in your own This causeth me most humbly to pray your lordship, good opinion : and then to perform the part of an and I know mine own case too well, to speak it as honourable friend towards your poor servant and weening I can do your lordship service, but as willing alliance, in drawing her Majesty to accept of the to do it, as, to believe, that your lordship is upon just sincerity and simplicity of my heart, and to bear * Rawley's Resuscitatio.
+ Rawley's Resuscitatio.
with the rest, and restore me to her Majesty's good | nary advantage. I wish your lordship all honour favour, which is to me dearer than my life. And and happiness; and rest,
Your lordship's very assured, Your lordship's most humble in all duty.
ESSEX. 1593, April.
Greenwich, this 14th of January, [1594.]
My lord of Essex for Mr. Fran. Bacon to be solicitor. XII. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE HIS VERY GOOD LORD, THE LORD KEEPER OF THE GREAT SEAL, &c.*
XIV. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE HIS
VERY GOOD LORD, THE LORD KEEPER MY VERY GOOD LORD,
OF THE GREAT SEAL.. I was wished to be here ready in expectation of
MY VERY GOOD LORD, some good effect; and therefore I commend my fortune to your lordship's kind and honourable Sir Thomas Egerton failing of your lordship, furtherance. My affection inclineth me to be much being newly gone, sent his letter to me to see con(your) lordship’s, and my course and way, in all veyed unto you, which I send enclosed; desiring reason and policy for myself, leadeth me to the same your lordship, according to your kind affection, to dependence: hereunto if there shall be join'd your make the best use thereof for my fartherance. And lordship's obligation in dealing strongly for me as I pray your lordship to call to remembrance my you have begun, no man can be more yours. A lord treasurer's kind course, who affirmed directly timorous man is every body's, and a covetous man all the rest to be unfit. And because vis unita fortior, is his own. But if your lordship consider my nature, I pray your lordship to take a time with the queen my course, my friends, my opinion with her Ma- when my lord treasurer is present. Thus in hope jesty, if this eclipse of her favour were past, I hope to-morrow will bring forth some good effect, I rest, you will think, I am no unlikely piece of wood to
Your lordship's in all humble duty and service, shape you a true servant of. My present thank. fulness shall be as much as I have said. I humbly
FR. BACON. take my leave. Your lordship's true humble servant,
XV. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE, &c.
THE LORD KEEPER, &c. From Greenwich this 5th of April, 1594.
MY VERY GOOD LORD, BECAUSE I understand your lordship remaineth at court till this day, and that my lord of Essex writ
eth to me, that his lordship cometh to London, I XIII. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE MY thought good to remember your lordship, and to VERY GOOD LORD, THE LORD KEEPER.
request you, as I touched in my last, that if my lord treasurer be absent, your lordship would forbear to
fall into my business with her Majesty, lest it might I Have, since I spake with your lordship, pleaded receive some foil before the time, when it should to the queen against herself for the injury she doth be resolutely dealt in. And so commending myself Mr. Bacon in delaying him so long, and the unkind- to your good favour, I most humbly take my leave. ness she doth me in granting no better expedition in a suit which I have followed so long, and so
Your lordship's in all humble duty and service, affectionately. And though I find that she makes
FR. BACON, some difficulty, to have the more thanks, yet I do From Gray's-Inn this assure myself she is resolved to make him. I do 8th of April, 1594. Frite this not to solicit your lordship to stand firm in assisting me, because, I know, you hold yourself already tied by your affection to Mr. Bacon, and by your promise to me; but to acquaint your lordship XVI. EARL OF ESSEX TO LORD KEEPER of my resolution to set up my rest, and employ my
PUCKERING.|| uttermost strength to get him placed before the term: 60 as I beseech your lordship think of no temporizing course, for I shall think the queen deals un My short stay at the court made me fail of speakkindly with me, if she do not both give him the ing with your lordship; therefore I must write that place, and give it with favour and some extraordi- which myself had told you ; that is, that your lord• Harl. MSS. Vol. 6997. No. 20.
Harl. MSS. Vol. 6996. No. 52. Ibid. No. 50. † Ibid. No. 87.
|| Ibid. No. 72.
ship will be pleased to forbear pressing for a solicit now find by that I hear from my lord of Essex, or, since there is no cause towards the end of a your lordship of your favour is willing to use for my term to call for it; and because the absence of Mr. good, upon that satisfaction you may find in my Bacon's friends may be much to his disadvantage. travels. And I now send to your lordship, together I wish your lordship all happiness, and rest with my humble thanks, to understand of your lordYour lordship's very assured to be commanded, ship's being at leisure, what part of to-morrow, to
the end I may attend your lordship, which this afterWanstead this 4th of May, 1594.
noon I cannot, in regard of some conference I have appointed with Mr. Attorney-general. And so I commend your honourable lordship to God's good
preservation. XVII. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE
Your good lordship’s humbly at your hon(ourable] LORD KEEPER, &c.
commandments, IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP,
From Gray's-Inn the 25th I UNDERSTAND of some business like enough to
of September, Friday. detain the queen to-morrow, which maketh me earnestly to pray your good lordship, as one that I have found to take my fortune to heart, to take some time to remember her Majesty of a solicitor
XX. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE this present day.
LORD KEEPER, &c. I Our Tower employment stayeth, and hath done
IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP, these three days, because one of the principal offenders being brought to confess, and the other per I RECEIVED, at my lord of Essex last going from sisting in denial, her Majesty in her wisdom thought court, a message of good assurance, which his lordbest some time were given to him that is obstinate, ship sent to my brother and to myself; which was to bethink himself; which indeed is singular good this : That her Majesty had stedfastly promised in such cases. Thus desiring your lordship's par- him to despatch my matter to-morrow.
And somedon, in haste I commend my fortune and duty to what her Majesty said to myself, when I attended
her upon some service since, which I liked well, Your lordship’s most humbly to receive your
though it was with some doubtfulness, as, they say, commandments,
her Majesty useth till the last hour. This I thought
FR. BACON. good to signify to your good lordship, both that your From Gray’s-Inn this
lordship may perceive how effectual and operative 13th of August, 1594.
your lordship's last dealing with her Majesty was ; and also that, now the wheel is going, your lordship would set it forward, the rather in respect of the
necessity to go presently in hand with these criminal XVIII. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE causes, if the commission shall hold according to LORD KEEPER, &c.*
the adjournment. And if her Majesty should not
be pleased presently to give order for a patent, IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP,
yet if your lordship may by her warrant give me As your lordship hath at divers times helped me warning to prepare myself, it will be some hold and to pass over contrary times, so I humbly pray you satisfaction. So thinking long to have the strength not to omit this favourable time. I cannot bear my
of place, to do your lordship acceptable service, I self as I should, till I be settled. And thus desiring leave your good lordship to God's good preservation. pardon, I leave your lordship to God's preservation.
Your lordship’s most humbly at your hon[ourYour lordship’s most humbly at commandment,
able] commandments, FR. BACON.
FR. BACON. From Gray's-Inn this
From Gray's-Inn this 28th 25th of August, 1594.
of September, 1594.
XIX. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE HIS VERY XXI. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE GOOD LORD, THE LORD KEEPER, &c.t
LORD KEEPER, &c. IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP,
IT MAY PLEASE YOUR LORDSHIP, I was minded, according to the place of employ I THOUGHT good to step aside for nine days, ment, though not of office, wherein I serve, for my which is the durance of a wonder, and not for any better direction and the advancement of the service, dislike in the world ; for I think her Majesty hath to have acquainted your lordship, now before the done me as great a favour in making an end of this term, with such her Majesty's causes as are in my matter, as if she had enlarged me from some rehands. Which course intended out of duty, I do straint. And I humbly pray your lordship, if it so • Harl. MSS. Vol. 6996, No. 103. Ť Ibid. No. 109.
Ibid. No. 110. § Ibid. Vol. 6697. No. 14.
please you, to deliver to her Majesty from me, that was but twenty-seven years old; and Mr. Brograve I would have been glad to have done her Majesty was now in my time called to be attorney of the service now in the best of my years, and the same duchy, when he had practised little or nothing; and mind remains in me still; and that it may be, when yet discharged his place with great sufficiency. But her Majesty hath tried others, she will think of him these things and the like are as her Majesty shall that she hath cast aside. For I will take it upon be made capable of them ; wherein, knowing what that which her Majesty hath often said, that she authority your 'lordship's commendation hath with doth reserve me, and not reject me. And so I leave her Majesty, I conclude with myself, that the subyour good lordship to God's good preservation. stance of strength which I may receive, will be from Your lordship’s much bounden,
your lordship. It is true, my life hath been so pri
vate, as I have had no means to do your lordship FR, BACON.
service; but yet, as your lordship knoweth, 1 have From Twicknam-Park this
made offer of such as I could yield; for as God hath 20th of May, 1595.
given me a mind to love the public; so incidently, Endorsed,
I have ever had your lordship in singular admiraMr. Fr. Bacon, his contentation to leave the tion; whose happy ability her Majesty hath so long solicitorship.
used, to her great honour and yours. Besides, that amendment of state or countenance, which I have received, hath been from your lordship. And
therefore if your lordship shall stand a good friend XXU. A LETTER TO THE LORD TREASURER to your poor ally, you shall but “ tueri opus pro
BURGHLEY, RECOMMENDING HIS FIRST prium,” which you have begun. And your lordship SCIT, TOUCHING THE SOLICITOR'S PLACE.* shall bestow your benefit upon one that hath more
sense of obligation than of self-love. Thus humbly MY LORD,
desiring pardon of so long a letter, I wish your AFTER the remembrance of my most humble duty, lordship all happiness. This 7th of June 1595. though I know, by late experience, how mindful
Your Lordship's in all humbleness to be your lordship vouchsafeth to be of me and my poor
commanded. fortunes, since it pleased your lordship, during your indisposition, when her Majesty came to visit your lordship, to make mention of me for my employment and preferment; yet being now in the country, I do XXIII. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE presume that your lordship, who of yourself had so
LORD KEEPER, &c.t honourable care of the matter, will not think it a trouble to be solicited therein. My hope is, that
MAY IT PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP, whereas your lordship told me her Majesty was Not able to attend your lordship myself, before somewhat gravelled upon the offence she took at your going to the court, by reason of an ague, my speech in parliament; your lordship’s favourable which offered me a fit on Wednesday morning, but and good word, who hath assured me, that for your since by abstinence, I thank God, I have starved it, own part you construed, that I spake to the best, so as now he hath turned his back, I am chasing will be as a good tide to remove her from that shelf. him away with a little physic: I thought good to And it is not unknown to your good lordship, that I write these few words to your lordship, partly to was the first of the ordinary sort of the lower house signify my excuse, if need be, that I assisted not of parliament that spake for the subsidy ; and that Mr. Attorney on Thursday last in the star-chamber, which I after spake in difference, was but in cir at which time, it is some comfort to me, that I hear cumstances of time and manner, which methinks | by relation somewhat was generally taken hold of should be no great matter, since there is variety by the court, which I formerly had opened and allowed in council, as a discord in music, to make moved; and partly to express a little my conceit, it more perfect. But I may justly doubt, not so touching the news which your lordship last told me moch her Majesty's impression upon this particular, from the queen, concerning a condition in law knit as her conceit otherwise of my insufficiency; which to an interest, which your lordship remembereth, though I acknowledge to be great, yet it will be the and is supposed to be broken by misfeyance. less, because I purpose not to divide myself between Wherein surely my mind, as far as it appertaineth ber Majesty and the causes of other men, as others to me, is this, that as I never liked not so much as Lave done, but to attend her business only: hoping the coming in upon a lease by way of forfeiture, so that a whole man meanly able, may do as well as I am so much enemy to myself, as I take no conhalf a man better able. And if her Majesty think tentment in any such hope of advantage. For as that she shall make an adventure in using one that your lordship can give me best testimony, that I is rather a man of study, than of practice and expe. never in my life propounded any such like motion, rience; surely I may remember to have heard that though I have been incited thereto; so the world my father, an example, I confess, rather ready than will hardly believe, but that it is underhand quicklike, was made solicitor of the augmentation, a courtened and nourished from me. And truly, my lord, of much business, when he had never practised, and I would not be thought to supplant any man for • Rawley's Resuscitatio.
† llarl. MSS. Vol. 6997. No. 18.
great gain ; and I humbly pray your lordship to that which I hope God will give me grace to percontinue your commendation and countenance to form, which is, that if any idole may be offered to me in the course of the queen's service that I am her Majesty, since it is mixt with my particular, to entered into: which when it shall please God to inform her Majesty truly, which I must do, as long move the queen to profit, * I hope I shall give cause as I have a tongue to speak, or a pen to write, or a for your lordship to obtain as many thanks as you friend to use. And farther I remember not of my have endured chidings. And so I commend your letter, except it were that I writ, I hoped your lordgood lordship to God's good preservation.
ship would do me no wrong, which hope I do still Your Lordship’s most humbly at your hon[ourable] continue. For if it please your lordship but to call commandment,
to mind from whom I am descended, and by whom, From Gray's Inn the
next to God, her Majesty, and your own virtue, your 11th of June, 1595.
lordship is ascended; I know you will have a compunction of mind to do me any wrong.
And therefore, good my lord, when your lordship favoureth
others before me, do not lay the separation of your XXIV. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE
love and favour upon myself. For I will give no LORD KEEPER, &c.
cause, neither can I acknowledge any, where none IT MAY PLEASE YOUR LORDSHIP,
is; but humbly pray your lordship to understand THERE hath nothing happened to me in the course
things as they are. Thus sorry to write to your of my business more contrary to my expectation, lordship in an argument which is to me unpleasant
, than your lordship's failing me, and crossing me now
though necessary, I commend your lordship to God's in the conclusion, when friends are best tried. But good preservation. now I desire no more favour of your lordship, than
Your lordship’s in all humble respect, I would do if I were a suitor in the chancery;
FR. BACON. which is this only, that you would do me right.
Froni Twicknam-Park this And I for my part, though I have much to allege,
19th of August, 1595. yet nevertheless, if I see her Majesty settle her choice upon an able man, such a one as Mr. Serjeant Fleming, I will make no means to alter it. On the other side, if I perceive any insufficient obscure XXVI. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE idole t man offered to her Majesty, then I think
LORD KEEPER, &c.|| myself double bound to use the best means I can for
IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP, myself; which I humbly pray your lordship I may I am sorry the opportunity permitteth me not to do with your favour, and that you will not disable attend your lordship as I minded. But I hope your me farther than is cause. And so I commend your lordship will not be the less sparing in using the lordship to God's preservation,
argument of my being studied and prepared in the That beareth your lordship all humble respect, queen’s causęs, for my fartherance, upon belief that From Gray's-Inn the
FR. BACON. I had imparted to your lordship my travels, which 28th of July, 1595.
some time next week I mean to do. Neither have Endorsed, in Lord Keeper's hand,
I been able to confer with Mr. Attorney, as I de
sired, because he was removing from one building Mr. Bacon wronging me.
to another. And besides, he alleged his note-book was in the country at and so we respited it
to some time next week. I think he will rather do XXV. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE me good offices than otherwise, except it be for the LORD KEEPER, &c.ß
township your lordship remembereth by the verse. MAY IT PLEASE YOUR LORDSHIP,
Thus I commend your honourable lordship to God's
good preservation. I Thought it became me to write to your lordship, upon that which I have understood from my
Your Lordship's most humble at your hon[ourlord of Essex, who vouchsafed, as I perceive, to deal
able commandment, with your lordship of himself to join with him in
FR. BACON. the concluding of my business, and findeth your
From Gray's-Inn this 25th lordship hath conceived offence, as well upon my
of September, 1595. manner when I saw your lordship at Temple last, as upon a letter, which I did write to your lordship XXVII. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE MY some time before. Surely, my lord, for my behaviour, I am well assured, I omitted no point of duty
GOOD LORD, THE LORD KEEPER OF THE
GREAT SEAL OF ENGLAND. or ceremony towards your lordship. But I know too much of the court to beg a countenance in pub
IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP, lic place, where I make account I shall not receive My not acquainting your lordship hath proceeded it. And for my letter, the principal point of it was, of my not knowing any thing, and of my not knowing f. perfect, + Harl. MSS. Vol. 6997. No. 37.
$ Harl. MSS. Vol. 6997. No. 44. | Ita MSS.
|| Harl. MSS. Vol. 6997. No. 59.
1 Ibid. No. 60.