person; and shall ever be ready to do you, in all things, the best service that I can.

TO MR. TOBIE MATTHEW. So wishing your lordship much happiness, I rest

Good Mr. Matthew, Your lordship's faithful friend and humble

I have received your letter of the 10th of June, * servant,

and am exceeding glad to hear you are in so good G. BUCKINGHAM.

health. For that, which may concern myself, I Madrid, this 29th of May, 1623, st. vet.

neither doubt of your judgment in choosing the fittest time, nor of your affection in taking the first

time you shall find it. For the public business, I TO THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM, IN SPAIN.

will not turn my hopes into wishes yet, since you

write as you do; and I am very glad you are EXCELLENT LORD,

there, and, as I guess, you went in good time to his I HUMBLY thank your Grace for your letter of the lordship. 29th of May; and that your Grace doth believe, that For your action of the case, it will fall to the no man is gladder of the increase of your honour ground; for I have not heard from the duke, neiand fortune, than I am ; as, on the other part, no ther by letter nor message, at this time. man should be more sorry, if it should in the least

God keep you. I rest always degree decline, nor more careful, if it should so much

Your most affectionate and faithful servant, as labour. But of the first, I speak as a thing that

FR. ST. ALBAN. is : but of the two latter, it is but a case put, which I hope I shall never see. And, to be plain with

Gray's-Inn, 17th of June, 1623. your Grace, I am not a little comforted to observe, I do hear from Sir Robert Ker, and others, how that, although in common sense and experience, much beholden I am to you. a man would have doubted, that some things might have sorted to your prejudice; yet in particulars we find nothing of it. For a man might reasonably have feared, that absence and discontinuance might

TO MR. TOBIE MATTHEW. have lessened his Majesty's favour: no such thing has followed. So likewise, that any, that might not

Good MR. MATTHEW, wish

you well, should have been bolder with you. I THANK you for your letter of the 26th of June, But all is continued in good compass. Again, who and commend myself unto your friendship, knowing might not have feared, that your Grace being there your word is good assurance, and thinking I cannot to manage, in great part, the most important busi- wish myself a better wish, than that your power may ness of Europe, so far from the king, and not grow to your will. strengthened with advice there, except that of the Since you say the prince hath not forgot his comprince himself, and thus to deal with so politic a mandment, touching my History of Henry VIII. I state as Spain, you should be able to go through as may not forget my duty. But I find Sir Robert you do ? and yet nothing, as we hear, but for your Cotton, who poured forth what he had, in my other honour, and that you do your part. Surely, my work, somewhat dainty of his materials in this. lord, though your virtues be great, yet these things It is true, my labours are now most set to have could not be, but that the blessing of God, which is those works, which I had formerly published, as over the king and the prince, doth likewise descend that of “ Advancement of Learning," that of “ Henry upon you as a faithful servant ; and you are the VII.” that of the “ Essays," being retractate, and more to be thankful to God for it.

made more perfect, well translated into Latin by the I humbly thank your Grace, that you make me help of some good pens, which forsake me not, for live in his highness's remembrance, whom I shall these modern languages will, at one time or other, ever bear a heart to honour and serve. And I play the bankrupts with books; and since I have much joy to hear of the great and fair reputation, lost much time with this age, I would be glad, as which at all hands are given him.

God shall give ine leave, to recover it with posterity. For Mr. Matthew, I hope by this time he hath For the essay of friendship, while I took your gathered up his crumbs ; which importeth much, I speech of it for a cursory request, I took my proassure your Grace, if his cure must be, either by mise for a compliment. But since you call for it, finding better reason on that side the line, or by I shall perform it.+ discovering what is the motion that moveth the I am much beholden to Mr. Gage for many exwheels, that, if reason do not, we must all pray for pressions of his love to me: and his company, in his being in good point. But in truth, my lord, I itself very acceptable, is the more pleasing to me, am glad he is there; for I know his virtues, and because it retaineth the memory of yourself. particularly his devotion to your lordship.

This letter of yours, of the 26th, lay not so long God return his highness and your Grace unto us by you, but it hath been as speedily answered by safe and sound, and according to your heart's me, so as with Sir Francis Cottington I have had desires.

no speech since the receipt of it. Your former let. * N. S.

+ Among his “Essays,” published in quarto, and dedicated to the duke of Buckingham, is one upon “ Friendsbip."

ters, which I received from Mr. Griesley, I had an- you will think on upon your return; which if your swered before, and put my letter into a good hand. Grace perform, I hope God Almighty, who hath

For the great business, God conduct it well. Mine hitherto extraordinarily blessed you in this rocky own fortune hath taught me expectation.

business, will bless you the more for my sake. For God keep you.

I have had extraordinary tokens of his divine favour

towards me, both in sickness and in health, prosIndorsed,

perity and adversity. To Mr. Matthew, into Spain.

Vouchsafe to present my most humble duty to his highness, whose happy arrival will be a bright

morning to all. I ever rest TO MR. TOBIE MATTHEW.

Your Grace's most obliged and faithful servant,

FR. ST. ALBAN. Good Mr. Matthew,

Gray's-Inn, Aug. 29, 1623.
I have received your letter sent by my lord of
Andover; and, as I acknowledged your care, so I
cannot fit it with any thing, that I can think on for

myself: for since Gondomar, who was my voluntary
friend, is in no credit, neither with the prince, nor

Good MR. MATTHEW, with the duke, I do not see what may be done for I have gotten a little health ; I praise God for it. me there ; except that which Gondomar hath lost, I have therefore now written to his Grace, that I you have found; and then I am sure my case is formerly, upon Mr. Clarke's despatch, desired you amended; so, as with a great deal of confidence, I to excuse me for not writing, and taken knowledge, commend myself to you, hoping that you will do that I have understood from you, that I live in his what in you lieth, to prepare the prince and duke Grace's remembrance; and that I shall be his first to think of me upon their return. And if you have man, that he will have care of upon his return. And ang relation to the infanta, I doubt not but it shall although your absence to me as uncomfortable be also to my use.

to my mind, as God may make it helpful to my forGod keep you.

tunes; yet it is somewhat supplied by the love, Your most affectionate and assured friend, &c. freedom, and often visitations of Mr. Gage; so as

when I have him, I think I want you not altogether.


Your most affectionate and much obliged

friend, &c, EXCELLENT LORD, Though I have formerly given your Grace thanks for your last letter, yet being much refreshed to hear things go so well, whereby we hope to see you Minutes of a Letter to the Duke of Buckingham. here shortly, your errand done, and the prince within the vail; I could not contain, but congratu- That I am exceeding glad his Grace is come late with your lordship, seeing good fortune, that is home with so fair a reputation of a sound proGod's blessing, still follow you. I hope I have still testant, and so constant for the king's honour and place in your love and favour ; which if I have, for errand. other place, it shall not trouble me. I ever rest His Grace is now to consider, that his reputation Your Grace's most obliged and faithful servant.

will vanish like a dream, except now, upon his re

turn, he do some remarkable act to fix it, and bind July, 22, 1623.

it in.

They have a good wise proverb in the country,

whence he cometh, taken I think from a gentleTO THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM.

woman's sampler, “Qui en no da nudo, pierdo

punto,” “ He that tieth not a knot upon his thread, EXCELLENT LORD,

loseth his stitch." Upon Mr. Clarke's despatch, in troth I was ill Any particular I, that live in darkness, cannot in health, as he might partly perceive. Therefore propound. Let his Grace, who seeth clear, make I wrote to my true friend, and your Grace's devoted his choice : but let some such thing be done, servant, Mr. Matthew, to excuse me to your Grace and then this reputation will stick by him ; and his

1 for not writing. Since, I thank God, I am pretty Grace may afterwards be at the better liberty to well recovered; for I have lain at two wards, one take and leave off the future occasions, that shall against my disease, the other against my physicians, present. who are strange creatures.

My lord, it rejoiceth me much, that I understand from Mr. Matthew, that I live in your Grace's remembrance ; and that I shall be the first man, that October 6, 1623.

The prince and duke arrived from Spain in London,

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have passed some more visible demonstrations of your TO THE KING.

power with the king, and your constancy in the way


There are considerable, in this state, three sorts I SEND, in all humbleness, to your Majesty, the of men : the party of the papists, which hate you; poor fruits of my leisure. This book * was the first the party of the protestants, including those they thing that ever I presented to your Majesty ; † and call puritans, whose love is yet but green towards it may be, will be the last. For I had thought it you ; and particular gieat persons, which are most should have been posthuma proles. But God hath of them reconciled enemies, or discontented friends: otherwise disposed for a while. It is a translation, and you must think there are a great many that but almost enlarged to a new work. I had good will magnify you, and make use of you for the helps for the language. I have been also mine own breaking of the match, or putting the realm into a index expurgatorius, that it may read in all places. war, which after will return to their old bias. For since my end of putting it into Latin was to For particulars, it is good to carry yourself fair ; have it read every where, it had been an absurd but neither to trust too far, nor to apply too much, contradiction to free it in the language, and to pen but keep a good distance, and to play your own it up in the matter. Your Majesty will vouchsafe game, showing yourself to have, as the bee hath, graciously to receive these poor sacrifices of him, both of the honey and of the sting. that shall ever desire to do you honour while he The speech now abroad is,“ My lord of Buckbreathes, and fulfilleth the rest in prayers.

ingham's head is full of thoughts : he hath a great Your Majesty's true beadsman, and most task; either he must break, or the match must humble servant, &c.

break. He was wont to go to the king's ways; but

now he goeth cross his way, he will easily lose his Todos duelos con pan son buenos : itaque det vestra way.” Majestas obolum Belisario.

There is a point nice to be managed, yea, and tender to be spoken of, which is your carriage between the king and the prince ; so that you may

lose no manner of ground with the prince, and yet TO THE PRINCE.

the king may not think himself the more solitary,

nor that you adore too much the sun-rising. Though IT MAY PLEASE YOUR EXCELLENT HIGHNESS,

this you may set down, that the way to have the I SEND your highness, in all humbleness, my book king sure unto you is to keep great with the prince. of “Advancement of Learning,” translated into Latin, but so enlarged as it may go for a new work. It is a book, I think, will live, and be a citizen of the world, as English books are not. For Henry

Conf. with Buc. December 17, 1623. the Eighth, to deal truly with your highness, I did You march bravely : but methinks you do not so despair of my health this summer, as I was glad draw up your troops. to choose some such work, as I might compass You must beware of these your pardons. If we within days; so far was I from entering into a work make men less in awe, and respect you,

(i urina of length.

Your highness's return hath been my chiara fa fico al medico.' restorative. When I shall wait upon your highness, The points of the general advice. I shall give you a farther account. So I most If a war be proceeded in; to treat a strait league humbly kiss your highness's hands, resting

with France, under name of a renovation of a match Your highness's most devoted servant.

with France. Three secret articles, the liberty of

the German nation, whereof there is a fresh preceI would, as I wrote to the duke in Spain, I could

dent of Henry the second of France, that took it do your highness's journey any honour with my into protection prosperously, and to the arrest of the pen. It began like a fable of the poets; but it deserveth all in a piece a worthy narration.

emperor Charles's greatness. 2. The conservation
of the liberties of the Low-Countries for the United
Provinces, and open trade into the East and West

Conf. Buc. 1

Offer of mine own service upon a commission into

My lord hath against him these disadvantages; My counsels bear not so high an elevation, as to the catholic party; the Spaniard ; the enry and fear have for their mark business of estate. That, which of particular great men ; the nice point of carrying I level at, is your standing and greatness, which himself between the king and the prince. nevertheless I hold for a main pillar of the king's The knot, which is to be tied for his reputation, service.

must either be advancing or depressing of persons, For a parliament, I hold it then fit, when there or putting by or forwarding of actions.

*“ De Augmentis Scientiarum,” printed in London, 1623, and Advancement of Learning, Divine and Human:" printin folio. The present to king James I. is in the royal library ed at London, 1605, in quarto. in the British Museum.

“ Conference with Buckingham.” † “ The two books of Sir Francis Bacon of the Proficiency

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qu. of

You march bravely. Do you draw up your troops Conf. Buc. qu. and old store, January 2, 1623.

so well?

One of these days I shall turn my lord Brooke, There is not an honester man in court than and say to you, “O brave Buckingham." Montgomery.*

I will commend you to all others, and censure To have some opportunity by the D.'s means, to you only to yourself. speak with the prince in presence of the duke. You bowl well, if you do not horse the bowl a

To think, whether it be fit for me to speak with hand too much. You know the fine bowler is knee the king, and to seek access before parliament; if almost to ground in the delivery of the cast. then.

Nay, and the king will put a hook in the nostrils The offer of my service to live a summer, as upon of Spain, and lay a foundation of greatness here to mine own delight, at Paris, to settle a fast intelli- his children, in these west parts. The call for me, gence between France and us.

it is book-learning. You know the king was wont I have somewhat of the French: I love birds, as to do me the honour, as to say of me, " de minimis the king doth, and have some childish-mindedness, non curat lex:" if good for any thing, for great wherein we shall consent.

volumes, I cannot thread needles so well. To think of Belfast's sending over into Ireland. The chamberlain :S for his person, not effectual; Those, that find themselves obnoxious to parliament, but some dependences he hath, which are drawn will do all they can, that those things, which are with him. Besides, he can take no reputation from likest to distaste the king, be first handled.

you. It is not to be forgotten, that as long as great Montgomery is an honest man, and a good obmen were in question, as in my case, all things went server. Can you do nothing with Naunton ? || Who sweetly for the king. But the second meeting, when would think now, that I name Naunton to my lord no such thing was, the pack went higher.

of Buckingham ? But I speak to you point blank : Weeding time is not yet come. Cott. Car. no crooked end, either for myself, or for others' turn. Car.

The French treaty, besides alliance, is to have The battery will be chiefly laid on the prince's three secret articles: the one, the protection of the part, if they find any entry.

liberty of Germany, and to avoid from it all forces To be the author of some counsel to the prince, thence, like to that which was concluded between that tasteth of religion and virtue, lest it be imputed, the princes of Germany and Henry II.,s the last that he entertains him only in pleasures, like a king except Henry IV. of value in France ; for the Pe. Ga.

race of the Valois were faitneants; and, in the name The things remarkable for your Grace, to fix and of Germany, to conclude the Grisons and Valtoline. bind in the reputation which you have gained, must The second, the conserving the liberties of the Lowbe either persons, or matters.

Countries. The third, the free trade into all parts The doubt the prince is mollis cera, and formed of both East and West Indies. All these import no di ultima impression. Therefore good to have sure invasive hostility, but only the uniting of the states persons about him, or at least none dangerous. of Europe against the growing ambition of Spain.

For the pardons to proceed, it is a tender business. Neither do any of these touch upon the cause of First, whatsoever useth to be done in parliament is religion. thankless. Then it is not good for his Grace. It I am persuaded, the hinge of the king's affairs, will make men bolder with him. “ Urina chiara fa for his safety and greatness, is now in Spain. I fico al medico.” Lastly, remove the envy from would the king had an abler instrument. others, it may beat upon my lord himself, or the Above all, you must look to the safety of Ireland,

both because it is most dangerous for this state, for the disease will ever fall to the weakest part; and

besides, this early declaration against Spain, which Conf. B. January 2, 1623.

the popish party call abrupt, and is your Grace's

work, may be thought to be the danger of Ireland. You have now tied a knot, as I wished you; It were good you called to you Belfast and " qui en no da nudo, pierdo punto ;”+ a jolly one, Grandison, t+ and ask their opinions, what is best to the parliament. Although I could have wished, that be done for the safety of Ireland, either by increasing before a parliament, some remarkable thing had the list of companies, and by contenting those that been done, whereby the world might have taken are in arrear, by paying; or by altering any gonotice, that you stand the same in grace

vernor there ; or by having companies ready muswith the king. But there is time enough for that tered and trained here, towards the coast of Ireland; between this and parliament. † And besides, the or by having shipping in readiness, &c. For this Fery prevailing for a parliament showeth your power gown commission, I like it well; but it is but paperwith the king.



and power

shot for defence. Philip, earl of Montgomery, afterwards of Pembroke. I This league first arrested the greatness of the emperor, "He that tieth not a knot upon his thread, loseth his stitch." and cloistered him. Note of Lord Bacon. It met February 19, 1623-4.

** Arthur Chichester, baron of Belfast, who had been William, earl of Pembroke.

made lord deputy of Ireland in 1604. Sir Robert Naunton, who had been secretary of state, tt Oliver St. John viscount Grandison, made lord deputy and was now master of the court of wards.

of Ireland in August, 1616. S



If the papists be put in despair, it both endanger- and your Grace, wherein you are not so much to eth Ireland, and maketh a greater difficulty in the take comfort in that you may seem to have two lives treaty and alliance with France.

in your own greatness, as in this, that hereby you To think of a difference to be put between the are enabled to be a noble instrument for the service, Jesuits and other priests and papists, as to reduce, contentment, and heart's-ease, both of father and in some moderation, the banishment of the one, For where there is so loving and indulgent a though not of the other : but to remember, that father, and so respective and obedient a son, and a they were the reasonablest, as I take it, in the con- faithful and worthy servant, interested in both their sult; and it may draw the blow of an assassin against favours upon all occasions, it cannot be but a comBuckingham.

fortable house. This point your Grace is principally At least the going on with the parliament hath to acknowledge and cherish. gained this, that the discourse is ceased, “ My lord Next, that, which I should have placed first, save of Buckingham hath a great task. His head is full: that the laying open of God's benefits is a good either the match breaks, or his fortune breaks. He preparation to religion and godliness, your Grace is has run his courses with the stream of the king's to maintain yourself firm and constant in the way ways; but now he goeth cross-way, he may soon lose you have begun; which is, in being, and showing his own way.

yourself to be, a true and sound protestant. This If your Grace go not now constantly on for religion, is your soul's health. This is that you owe to God and round dealing with Spain, men will either think above, for his singular favours ; and this is that they were mistaken in you, or that you are brought which hath brought you into the good opinion and about; or that your will is good, but you have no good will of the realm in general. So that, as your power.

case differeth, as I said, from the case of other faYour Grace hath a great party against you, and vourites, in that you have both king and prince ; so a good rough way. The Spaniards hate you; the in this, that you have also now the hearts of the papists little better. In the opinion of the people, best subjects, for I do not love the word people, your you are green, and not yet at a gage. Particulars case differeth from your own, as it stood before. are, for the most part, discontented friends or recon- And because I would have your reputation in this ciled enemies; and that nice dividing between the point complete, let me advise you, that the name of sol orient and occident.

Puritans in a papist's mouth do not make you to withdraw your favour from such as are honest and religious men; so that they be not so turbulent and

factions spirits, or adverse to the government of the TO THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM.

church, though they be traduced by that name. For ExceLLENT LORD,

of this kind is the greatest part of the body of the

subjects; and besides, which is not to be forgotten, I desire in this, which I now presume to write it is safest for the king and his service, that such to your Grace, to be understood, that my bow carrieth men have their dependence upon your Grace, who not so high, as to aim to advise touching any of the are entirely the king's, rather than upon any other great affairs now on foot, and so to pass it to his Ma- subject. jesty through your hands; though it be true, that For the papists, it is not unknown to your Grace, my good affection towards his Majesty and the prince that you are not, at this time, much in their books. and the public is that which will last die in me ; But be you like yourself; and far be it from you, and though I think also his Majesty would take it under a king and prince of that clemency, to be inbut well, if having been that man I have been, my clined to rigour or persecution. honest and loyal mind should sometimes feed upon But three things must be looked unto; the first, those thoughts. But my level is no farther, but to that they be suppressed in any insolency, which do the part of a true friend, in advising yourself for may tend either to disquiet the civil estate, or scanyour own greatness and safety ; although, even in dalize our church in fact; for otherwise, all their this also, I assure myself I perform a good duty to doctrine doth it in opinion. The second, that there the public service, unto which I reckon your stand-be an end, or limit, of those graces, which shall be ing and power to be a firm and sound pillar of thought fit for them, and that there be not every support.

day new demands hearkened to. The third, that First, therefore, my lord, call to mind oft, and for those cases and graces, which they have received, consider duly, how infinitely your Grace is bound to or shall receive, of the state, the thanks go the right God in this one point, which I find to be a most way; that is, to the king and prince, and not to rare piece, and wherein, either of ancient or late any foreigner. For this is certain, that if they actimes, there are few examples; that is, that you are knowledge them from the state, they may perhaps beloved so dearly, both by the king and the prince. sit down when they are well. But if they have a You are not as a Lerma, or an Olivares, and many dependence upon a foreigner, there will be no end others the like, who have insinuated themselves into of their growing desires and hopes. And in this the favours of young princes, during the kings, point also, your lordship’s wisdom and moderation their fathers, time, against the bent and inclination may do much good. of the kings : but contrariwise, the king himself hath For the match with Spain, it is too great and dark knit the knot of trust and favour between the prince I a business for me to judge of. But as it hath rela

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