they please. I know not how peradventure this, wherein my father died, and wherein I first breathed; might occasion you to cast your thoughts, touching and there will I yield my last breath, if so please yourself, into some new mould, though not in the God, and the king will give me leave; though I be main, yet in something on the bye.

now by fortune, as the old proverb is, like a bear I beg leave to kiss your lordship's hands.

in a monk's hood. At least no money, no value, Your lordship’s in all humbleness for ever to

shall make me part with it. Besides, as I never honour and serve you.

denied it to my lord marquis, so yet the difficulty I

made was so like a denial, as I owe unto my great T. MEAUTYS.

love and respect to his lordship a denial to all my other friends; among whom, in a very near place

next his lordship, I ever account of your Grace. So LODOWIC STEWART, DUKE OF LENOX, TO former love and good affection, I rest

not doubting, that you will continue me in your THE LORD VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN.

Your Grace's, to do you humble service affec

tionate, &c. It is not unknown to your lordship, that in respect I am now a married man, I have more reason than before to think of providing me some house in Lon- TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. don, whereof I am yet destitute ; and for that purpose, I have resolved to entreat your lordship, that I

MY VERY GOOD LORD, may deal with you for York-house; wherein I will As my hopes, since my misfortunes, have pronot offer any conditions to your loss. And, in ceeded of your lordship’s mere motion, without any respect I have understood, that the consideration of petition of mine ; so I leave the times and the ways your lady's wanting a house hath bred some diffi- to the same good mind of yours. True it is, a small culty in your lordship to part with it, I will for that matter for my debts would do me more good now, make offer unto your lordship and your lady, to use than double a twelvemonth hence. I have lost six the house in Cannon-row, late the earl of Hertford's, thousand pounds by year, besides caps and courtebeing a very commodious and capable house, wherein sies. But now a very moderate proportion would I and my wife have absolute power; and whereof suffice : for still I bear a little of the mind of a your lordship shall have as long time as you can commissioner of the treasury, not to be over charge. challenge or desire of York-house. In this I do able to his Majesty; and two things I may assure freelier deal with your lordship, in respect I know your lordship of; the one, that I shall lead such a you are well assured of my well-wishes to you in course of life, as whatsoever the king doth for me, general; and that in this particular, though I have shall rather sort to his Majesty's and your lordnot been without thoughts of this house before your ship’s honour, than to envy; the other, that whatsolordship had it, yet I was willing to give way to ever men talk, I can play the good husband, and the pour lordship’s more pressing use thereof then. And king's bounty shall not be lost. If your lordship as I do not doubt of your lordship’s endeavour to think good, the prince should come in to help ; I gratify me in this; so I shall esteem it as an extra- know his highness wisheth me well; if you will let ordinary courtesy, which I will study to requite by me know when, and how, he may be used. But the

king is the fountain, who, I know, is good. So, with my best wishes to your lordship, I rest God prosper you. Your lordship's most loving friend,

Your lordship's most bounden and faithful LENOX.

FR. ST. ALBAN. in respect my lord of Buckingham was once

Gorhambury, January 30, 1621. desirous to have had this house, I would not deal for it till now, that he is otherwise provided. Whitehall, the 29th of January, 1621.

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. To the right honourable my very good lord, my lord viscount St. Alban.

Your lordship dealeth honourably with me in giv-

ing me notice, that your lordship is provided of a ANSWER OF THE LORD VISCOUNT ST. house, * whereby you discontinue the treaty your ALBAN.

lordship had with me for York-house, although I

shall make no use of this notice, as to deal with MY VERY GOOD LORD,

any other. For I was ever resolved your lordship I Am sorry to deny your Grace any thing; but in should have had it, or no man. But your lordship this you will pardon me. York-house is the house, doth yet more nobly, in assuring me, you never confinr himself to the lord viscount Wallingford's house or ton, dated at London, January 19, 1621-2, mentions, that the Brightwurhood.”

marquis of Buckingham had contracted with the lord and lady * Mr. Chamberlain, in a MS, letter to Sir Dudley Carle- Wallingford, for their house near Whitehall, for some money

all means.

meant it with any the least inconvenience to myself. subsidy, hinder it. For that only prevented the May it please your lordship likewise to be assured determination of the session at that instant ; but did from me, that I ever desired you should have it, and not prevent the being of a session, whensoever the do still continue of the same mind.

parliament should be dissolved. But because that I humbly pray your lordship, to move his Ma point was resolved in the proclamation, and also in jesty to take some commiseration of my long im- the commission of dissolution on the 8th of February, prisonment. When I was in the Tower, I was I will rest satisfied. nearer help of physic; I could parley with my cre- But there are also examples of former times, that ditors; I could deal with friends about my business; may direct us in that point of the judgment, in I could have helps at hand for my writings and regard there is store of judgments of parliament, studies, wherein I spend my time; all which here especially under Edward I. and Edward II, in such fail me. Good my lord, deliver me out of this; me conventions, as never had, for aught appears, any who am his Majesty's devout beadsman, and act passed in them. Your lordship’s most obliged friend and faith

Next, my lord, I conceive thus; that by reason ful servant,

there is no record of those judgments, it may be FR. ST. ALBAN. justly thought, that they are of no force. For thus

it stands. The lower house exhibited the declarGorhambury, this 3rd of Feb, 1621.

ations in paper; and the lords, receiving them, proceeded to judgment verbally ; and the notes of their

judgments are taken by the clerk, in the journal JOHN SELDEN, ESQ. TO THE LORD VIS. only ; which, as I think, is no record of itself, neiCOUNT ST. ALBAN.

ther was it ever used as one. Now the record, that

in former times was of the judgments and proceedMY MOST HONOURABLE LORD,

ings there, was in this form. The accusation was Ar your last going to Gorhambury, you were exhibited in parchment; and being so received, and pleased to have speech with me about some passages indorsed, was the first record; and that remained of parliament; touching which, I conceived, by your filed among the bills of parliament, it being of itself lordship, that I should have had farther direction by as the bills in the king's bench. Then out of this a gentleman, to whom you committed some care there was a formal judgment, with the accusation and consideration of your lordship’s intentions there entered into that roll, or second record, which the in. I can only give this account of it, that never clerk transcribes by ancient use, and sends into the was any man more willing or ready to do your lord-chancery. ship service, than myself; and in that you then But in this case there are none of these : neither spake of, I had been most forward to have done doth any thing seem to help to make a record of it, whatsoever I had been, by farther direction, used in than only this, that the clerk may enter it, now after But I understood, that your lordship’s pleasure that the parliament; which, I doubt, he cannot. Be. way was changed. Since, my lord, I was advised cause, although in other courts the clerks enter all, with, touching the judgments given in the late par- and make their records after the term; yet in this liament. For them, if it please your lordship to parliamentary proceeding it falls out, that the court hear my weak judgment expressed freely to you, I being dissolved, the clerk cannot be said to have conceive thus. First, that admitting it were no such a relation to the parliament, which is not then session, but only a convention, as the proclamation at all in being, as the prothonotaries of the courts calls it; yet the judgments given in the upper of Westminster have to their courts, which stand house, if no other reason be against them, are good; only adjourned. Besides, there cannot be an exfor they are given by the lords, or the upper house, ample found, by which it may appear, that ever any by virtue of that ordinary authority, which they record of the first kind, where the transcript is into have as the supreme court of judicature; which is the chancery, was made in parliament; but only easily to be conceived, without any relation to the sitting the house, and in their view. But this I matter of session, which consists only in the passing offer to your lordship’s farther consideration, desirof acts, or not passing them, with the royal assent. ing your favourable censure of my fancy herein ; And though no session of the three states together which, with whatsoever ability I may pretend to, be without such acts so passed ; yet every part of shall ever be desirous to serve you, to whom I shall the parliament severally did its own acts legally perpetually own myself enough to continue, as the acts of other courts of

Your lordship's most humble servant, justice are done. And why should any doubts be,

J. SELDEN. but that a judgment out of the king's bench, or ex- From the Temple, February xiv. croDcxxi. chequer-chamber, reversed there, had been good, although no session ? For there was truly a parliament, truly an upper house, which exercised by

, itself this power of judicature, although no session. If your lordship have done with that Mascardus Yet withal, my lord, I doubt, it will fall out, upon de Interpretatione Statutorum,* I shall be glad that fuller consideration, to be thought a session also. Were it not for the proclamation, I should be clearly juris ad generalem statutorum interpretationem accommo

* Alderani Mascardi communes conclusiones utriusque of that mind; neither doth the clause, in the act of datæ. Printed at Ferrara, 1608.


you would give order that I might use it. And for vate, faithful, and discreet a friend to us both. I that of 12 Hen. 7. touching the grand council in the desire you therefore, good Mr. Matthew, to acquaint manuscript, I have since seen a privy seal of the my lord ambassador with this overture ; and both time of Henry 7. (without a year) directed to borrow to use yourself, and desire at his lordship's hands, for the king; and in it there is a recital of a grand secrecy therein; and withal to let his lordship council, which thought, that such a sum was fit to know, that in this business, whatsoever in particular be levied; whereof the lords gave 40,0001. and the you shall treat with him, I shall not fail, in all rest was to be gotten by privy seal upon loan. points, to make good and perform. Doubtless, my lord, this interprets that of the Commend my humble service to his lordship. I manuscript story.

ever rest

Your most affectionate and assured friend, On the back of this letter are the following notes by the lord viscount St. Alban,


Gorhambury, Feb. 28, 1621. “ The case of the judgment in parliament, upon a writ of error put by Just. Hu.*

“ The case of no judgment entered into the court of augmentations, or survey of first fruits; which are TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. dissolved, where there may be an entry after, out of

MY VERY GOOD LORD, a paper-book.

Mem. All the acts of my proceeding were after Though I have returned answer to your lordthe royal assent to the subsidy."

ship's last letter by the same way, by which I received it; yet I humbly pray your lordship to give me leave to add these few lines.

My lord, as God above is witness, that I ever TO MR. TOBIE MATTHEW.+

have loved and honoured your lordship, as much, I

think, as any son of Adam can love or honour any Good MR. MATTHEW,

subject, and continue in as hearty and strong wishes In this solitude of friends, which is the base of felicity to be heaped and fixed upon you, as ever; court of adversity, where almost nobody will be so, as low as I am, I had rather sojourn in a college seen stirring, I have often remembered a saying of in Cambridge, than recover a good fortune by any my lord ambassador of Spain, “ Amor sin fin no other but yourself. Marry, to recover yourself to tiene fin.”ll. This moveth me to make choice of his me, if I have you not, or to ease your lordship excellent lordship for his noble succours towards in any thing, wherein your lordship would not so not the aspiring but the respiring of my fortunes. fully appear, or to be made participant of your

I, that am a man of books, have observed his favours in your own way, I would use any man, that lordship to have the magnanimity of his own nation, were your lordship's friend; and therefore, good and the cordiality of ours; and, by this time, I my lord, in that let me not be mistaken. Secondly, think he hath the wit of both. Sure I am, that for if in any of my former letters I have given your myself I have found him, in both my fortunes, to lordship any distaste by the style of them, or any esteem me so much above value, and to love me so particular passages, I humbly pray your lordship’s much above possibility of deserving, or obliging on benign construction and pardon. For, I confess, it my part, as if he were a friend reserved for such a

is my fault, though it be some happiness to me time as this. I have known his lordship likewise, withal, that I do most times forget my adversity. while I stood in a stand where I might look about, But I shall never forget to be a most faithful and respective friend to my lord

Your lordship's most obliged friend and faithful marquis; who, next the king and the prince, was

servant, my raiser, and must be, he or none, I do not say my

FR. ST. ALBAN. restorer, but my reliever.

March 5, 1621. I have, as I made you acquainted at your being with me, a purpose to present my lord marquis with an offer of my house and lands here at Gorhambury; a thing, which, as it is the best means I have

Fragments of several kinds. now left to demonstrate my affection to his lordship, so I hope it will be acceptable to him. This My meaning was, if my lord should obtain for proposition I desire to put into no other hand but me, by his noble mediation, in consideration of my my lord ambassador's, as judging his hand to be the services past, and other respects, to do that, for my safest

, the most honourable, and the most effectual relief, which I was suitor for by my lord's noble for my good, if my lord will be pleased to deal in mediation, and whereof I was in good hope, to have it. And when I had thus resolved, I never sought, presented my lord with Gorhambury in possession, nor thought of any mean but yourself, being so pri- out of gratitude and love, for nothing. • Hatton

Basse cour. † This, and the following letter of March 5, 1621-2, to the Count Gondomar, who returned to Spain about March marquis of Buckingham, are inserted from the originals, much 1621-2. Da sre complete and exact, than the copies of them printed in " Love without ends hath no end.”

bis works.



My meaning was, if my lord should prevail for It is doubtful, whether the king will come to-morme in my suit to the king for reward of services, row or not; for they say he is full of pain in his and relief of my poor estate, to have presented him feet. with Gorhambury, out of gratitude and love, for My lord marquis came late to town last night, nothing, except some satisfaction to my wife, for and goeth back this evening: and Sir Edward her interest.

Sackville watcheth an opportunity to speak with If my lord like better to proceed by way of bar-him before he go. gain, so I find that I may but subsist, I will deserve However, he wisheth that your lordship would of his honour, and express my love in a friendly lose no time in returning an answer, made all of pennyworth.

sweetmeats, to my lord marquis's letter, which, he The third point to be added :

is confident, will be both tasted and digested by him. This as his work.] The more for kissing the And Sir Edward wisheth, that the other letter to king's hands presently.

my lord marquis, for presenting your discourse of The reasons, stalling my debts.

laws to his Majesty, might follow the first. I humWillingness in my friends to help me.

bly rest None will be so bold as to oppress me.

Your lordship's for ever truly to honour and The pretence, that the king would give me direc

serve you, tion, in what nature of writings to expend my


The letter to expect yet, and the manner of the Martii 3, 1621. delivery.

That my lord do not impute it, if he hear I deal with others; for he shall better perceive the value, and I shall make it good to his lordship, being my TO THE LORD VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN. state requireth speed.

I had not failed to appear this night upon your

lordship's summons, but that my stay till to-morrow TO THE LORD VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN.

I knew would mend my welcome, by bringing Mr.

Matthew, who means to dine with your lordship MAY IT PLEASE YOUR LORDSHIP,

only, and so to rebound back to London, by reason

my lord Digby's journey calls for him on the sudden. REMEMBERING, that the letter your lordship put Neither yet was this all that stayed me; for I hear yesterday into my hand was locked up under two somewhat, that I like reasonably well; and yet I or three seals, it ran in my head, that it might be hope it will mend too; which is, that my lord marbusiness of importance and require haste; and not quis hath sent you a message by my lord of Falkfinding Mr. Matthew in town, nor any certainty of his land, which is a far better hand than my lord treareturn till Monday or Tuesday, I thought it became surer's, that gives you leave to come presently to me to let your lordship know it, that so I might re. Highgate : and Sir Edward Sackville, speaking for ceive your lordship's pleasure, if need were, to the other five miles, my lord commended his care send it by as safe a hand as if it had three seals and zeal for your lordship, but silenced him thus :

“ Let my lord be ruled by me: it will be never the My lord, I saw Sir Arthur Ingram, who let fall worse for him." But my lord marquis saying somewhat as if he could have been contented to farther to him, “ Sir Edward, however you play a have received a letter by me from your lordship, good friend's part for my lord St. Alban, yet I must with something in it like an acknowledgment to tell you, I have not been well used by him.” And my lord treasurer,* that by his means you had re- Sir Edward desiring of him to open himself in whatceived a kind letter from my lord marquis. But, in soever he might take offence at; and withal, taking the close, he came about, and fell rather to excuse upon him to have known so much from time to time, what was left out of the letter, than to please him of your lordship’s heart, and endeavours towards self much with what was in it. Only indeed he his lordship, as that he doubted not but he was able looked upon me, as if he did a little distrust my to clear any mist, that had been cast before his lordgood meaning in it. But that is all one to me; for ship’s 'eyes by your enemies; my lord marquis, by I have been used to it, of late, from others, as well this time being ready to go to the Spanish ambasas from him. But persons apt to be suspicious may sador's to dinner, broke off with Sir Edward, and well be borne with ; for certainly they trouble told him that after dinner he would be back at themselves most, and lose most by it. For of such Wallingford-house, and then he would tell Şir it is a hard question, whether those be fewest whom Edward more of his mind; with whom I have had they trust or those who trust them. But for him, newly conference at large, and traced out to him, as and some others, I will end in a wish, that as to he desired me, some particulars of that, which they your lordship’s service, they might prove but half call a treaty with my lord treasurer about Yorkso much honester, as they think themselves wiser, house, which Sir Edward Sackville knows how to than other men.

put together, and make a smooth tale of it for your * Lionel, lord Cranfield, made lord treasurer in Oct. 1621. lordship; and this night I shall know all from him,


and to-morrow by dinner, I shall not fail to attend So wishing your lordship's weighty affairs, for your lordship: till when, and ever, I rest

his Majesty's service, a happy return to his Majesty's Your lordship's in all truth to honour and contentment, and your honour, I rest serve you,

Your lordship's very affectionate to do you T. MEAUTYS.

service, Indorsed,

Received March 11.

March 12. To the Lord Treasurer.


Your lordship's letter was the best letter I re-

MY VERY GOOD LORD, ceived this good while, except the last kind letter The honourable correspondence, which your lordfrom my lord of Buckingham, which this confirmeth. ship hath been pleased to hold with my noble and It is the best accident, one of them, amongst men, constant friend, my lord marquis, in farthering his when they hap to be obliged to those, whom natu- Majesty's grace towards me, as well concerning my rally and personally they love, as I ever did your liberty, as the consideration of my poor estate, hath lordship; in troth not many between my lord mar- very much obliged me to your lordship, the more quis and yourself; so that the sparks of my affec- by how much the less likelihood there is, that I tion shall ever rest quick, under the ashes of my shall be able to merit it at your lordship's hands. fortune, to do you service; and wishing to your for- Yet thus much I am glad of, that this course, your tune and family all good.

lordship holds with me, doth carry this much upon Your lordship's most affectionate and much itself

, that the world shall see in this, amongst other

things, that you have a great and noble heart. obliged, &c.

For the particular business of York-house, Sir I pray your lordship to present my humble ser- Arthur Ingram can bear me witness, that I was vice and thanks to my lord marquis, to whom, when ready to leave the conditions to your lordship’s own I have a little paused, I purpose to write; as like-making: but since he tells me plainly, that your wise to his Majesty, for whose health and happi- lordship will by no means have to be so, you will ness, as his true beadsman, I most frequently pray. give me leave to refer it to Sir Arthur Ingram, who Indorsed,

is so much your lordship's servant, and no less faithMarch 11, Copy of my Answer to Lord Falkland. ful friend to me, and understands values well, to set

a price between us.

For the reference his Majesty hath been graciously

pleased, at my lord marquis's suit, to make unto TO THE LORD TREASURER.T

your lordship, touching the relief of my poor estate, I

which my lord of Falkland's letter hath signified, MY VERY GOOD LORD,

warranting me likewise to address myself to your I HAVE received, by my noble friend, my lord lordship touching the same; I humbly pray your viscount Falkland, advertisement, as from my lord lordship to give it despatch, my age, health, and marquis, of three things; the one, that, upon his fortunes, making time to me therein precious. lordship’s motion to his Majesty, he is graciously Wherefore, if your lordship, who knoweth best what pleased to grant some degree of release of my con- the king may best do, have thought of any particular, finement. The second, that if I shall gratify your I would desire to know from your good lordship: lordship, who, my lord understandeth, are desirous otherwise I have fallen myself upon a particular, to treat with me about my house at London, with which I have related to Sir Arthur, and, I hope, will the same, his lordship will take it as well, as if it seem modest, for my help to live and subsist. As was done to bimself. The third, that his Majesty for somewhat towards the paying off my debts, which hath referred unto your lordship the consideration of are now my chief care, and without charge of the the relief of my poor estate. I have it also from king's coffers, I will not now trouble your lordship; other part, yet by such, as have taken it immedi- but purposing to be at Chiswick, where I have taken ately from my lord marquis, that your lordship hath a house, within this sevennight, I hope to wait upon done me to the king very good offices. My lord, I your lordship, and to gather some violets in your am much bounden to you: wherefore if you shall be garden, and will then impart unto you, if I have pleased to send Sir Arthur Ingram, who formerly thought of any thing of that nature for my good. moved me in it for your lordship, to treat farther

So I ever rest, &c. with me, I shall let your lordship see how affectionately I am desirous to pleasure your lordship after my lord of Buckingham.

Appointed lord deputy of Ireland, September 8, 1622. from Gorhambury, 20th of March, 1621-2, thanks his Majesty + Lionel, Lord Cranfield.

for referring the consideration of his broken estate to his * The lord viscount St. Alban, in a letter to the king, good lord the lord treasurer.

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