serjeant Davies * to open the information, which is two resolutions : the one, to remit all importunity, that which gives much life or coldness to the cause. touching this cause, to the lords in court of justice; But I will have none but trained men in this cause ; the other, to pursue the designs first taken at Wind. and I cannot forget, that the allotting of the opening sor, and then at Hampton-Court, for his commission of the information in this cause of the Dutch, I of treasury : wherein I do my part, and it is reasonmean the main cause, to a mean fellow, one Hughes, ably well : but better would it be, if instruments did hurt, and was never well recovered.

were not impediments. I ever rest By my next I will write of the king's estate : and

Your lordship's most obliged friend and faithful I ever rest,

servant, Your lordship’s most obliged friend and faithful

FR. VERULAM, CANC. servant,

October 27, Wednesday.
October 14, 1619.

Friday will not end the business; for to-morrow will but go through with the king's evidence.



MY HONOURABLE LORD, This morning the duke † came to me, and told me the king's cause was yesterday left fair; and if ever This bearer, a Frenchman belonging to the there were a time for my lord of Suffolk's submis- ambassador, having put an Englishman in suit for sion, it was now; and that, if my lord of Suffolk some matters between them, is much hindered and should come into the court, and openly acknowledge molested by often removing of the cause from one his delinquency, he thought it was a thing consider court to another. Your lordship knows, that the able. My answer was, I would not meddle in it; French are not acquainted with our manner of pro and, if I did, it must be to dissuade any such course ; ceedings in the law, and must therefore be ignorant for that all would be but a play upon the stage, if of the remedy in such a case. His course was to justice went not on in the right course. This I his Majesty ; but I thought it more proper, that your thought it my duty to let the king know by your lordship would be pleased to hear and understand lordship.

this case from himself, and then to advise and take I cannot express the care I have had of this cause order for his relief, as your lordship in your wisdom in a number of circumstances and discretions, which, shall think fit. So commending him to your honourthough they may seem but small matters, yet they able favour, I rest do the business, and guide it right.

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, God ever keep your lordship.

G. BUCKINGHAM. Your lordship's most obliged friend and faithful

Royston, 27th of October, 1619.

Your lordship shall do well to be informed of October 21, 1619.

every particular, because his Majesty will have account of it at his coming.



MY HONOURABLE LORD, I Am double bounden to the king, for his Majesty's trust and acceptation ; whereof the one I I HAVE acquainted his Majesty with your letter, will never deceive; the other, though I cannot de- who commanded me to give your lordship thanks serve, yet I will do my best, and perhaps as much for your speed in advertising those things that pass, as another man.

and for the great care he seeth you ever have of his This day the evidence went well ; for the solici- service. tor I did his part substantially : and, a little to warm I send your lordship back the bill of sheriffs for the business, when the misemployment of treasure, Sussex, wherein his Majesty hath pricked the first, which had relation to the army of Ireland, was as your lordship wished. handled, I spake a word, that he, that did draw or milk His Majesty would not have you omit this optreasure from Ireland, did not emulgere, milk money, portunity of so gross an oversight in the judges, to but blood. But this is but one of the little things, admonish them of their negligence in suffering such that I wrote of before.

a thing to come to his Majesty, which needed his The king, under pardon, must come hither with amending afterward : and withal, to let them know,

Sir John Davies, author of Nosce teipsum, knighted in Sir Thomas Coventry, afterwards lord keeper of the great February, 1607-8, and made serjeant at law in 1612. He had

seal. been attorney-general of Ireland.

Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006. + Lodowick, duke of Lenox. He was created duke of

Har. Richmond, May 17, 1623; and died February 11, 1623-4.

that his Majesty observeth, that every year they first defendants, carried in this style and character ; grow more and more careless of presenting fit men "I would this, that appears now, had appeared at unto him for that place; and that you advise them first. But this cometh of haste and precipitation;" to be more wary hereafter, that they may give his and the like. But yet I hope, the corruption and Majesty better satisfaction. And so I rest practice upon the ore tenus and the rectifying of Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant,

Rowland's credit, will satisfy my lords upon the G. BUCKINGHAM.

former proofs. For I would be very sorry, that these Royston, November 14, 1619.

new defendants, which, except one or two, are the smaller Aies, should be in the net; and the old defendants, which are the greater flies, should get

through. God preserve you. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. Your lordship's most obliged friend and faithful


FR. VERULAM, CANC. This day afternoon, upon our meeting in council,

This November 26, 1619. we have planed those rubs and knots, which were mentioned in my last, whereof I thought good pre

Indorsed, sently to advertise his Majesty. The days hold

Touching the Dutch business. without all question, and all delays diverted and quieted. Sir Edward Coke was at Friday's hearing, but in

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. his night-cap; and complained to me, he was ambulant, and not current. I would be sorry he should

MY HONOURABLE LORD, fail us in this cause. Therefore I desired his Majesty I do, from time to time, acquaint his Majesty to signify to him by your lordship, taking knowledge with your letters, wherein he ever perceiveth your of some light indisposition of his, how much he vigilant care in any thing that concerneth his service; shonld think his service disadvantaged in this cause, and hath commanded me to give you thanks in his if he should be at any day away; for then he can- name, who is sure your endeavours will never be not sentence.

wanting, when any thing is to be done for the adBy my next I will give his Majesty some account vancement of his affairs. of the tobacco and the currants. I ever rest

According to your lordship's advice, his Majesty Your lordship’s most obliged friend and faithful hath written to the commissioners of the treasury, servant,

both touching the currants and the tobacco,f the FR. VERULAM, CANC. plantation whereof his Majesty is fully resolved to November 20, at evening, 1619.

restrain ; and hath given them order forth with to set out a proclamation to that effect; not intending

in that point to stand upon any doubt of law, nor to TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

expect the judges' interpretation ; nor to allow any

freehold in that case ; but holding this the safest MY VERY GOOD LORD,

rule, “Salus reipublicæ suprema lex esto." I know well his Majesty taketh to heart this I rest business of the Dutch,* as he hath great reason, in Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, respect both of honour and profit. And because my

G. BUCKINGHAM. first letter was written in the epitasis, or trouble of the business; and my second in the beginning of

Newmarket, Nov. 27, 1619. the catastrophe, or calming thereof, wherein nevertheless I was fain to bear up strongly into the Weather before the calm followed; and since every

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.S day hath been better and better, I thought good to

MY HONOURABLE LORD, signify so much, that his Majesty may be less in I HAVE presented both the submissions to his suspense.

Majesty. His answer is, he cannot alter that, which The great labour was to get entrance into the was allowed of by the lords of the last star-chamber business ; , but now the portcullis is drawn up. And day, except first they be acquainted with it, and the though, I must say, there were some blots in the consent of the lady Exeter be likewise had, because tables, yet, by well playing, the game is good. the decree doth necessarily require it. So I rest

Rowland is passing well justified; for both his Your lordship’s humble servant credit is, by very constant and weighty testimony,

G. BUCKINGHAM. proved ; and those vast quantities, which were thought incredible, or at least improbable, are now

Indorsed, made manifest truth.

Touching the submissions of Sir Thomas Lake and Yet I find a little of the old leaven towards the

his lady. • Merchants, accused in the star-chamber for exporting the that there was offered 20001, increase yearly for the tobacco, gold and silver coin.

to begin at Michaelmas, as it now is, and 30001. increase, if Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

the plantations here within land be restrained. Lord Bacon, in his letter of November 22, 1619, mentions, Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

And so

time, and had a grave and mighty opinion for it. The TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. rest I leave to his relation, and mine own attendance.

I hope his Majesty will look to it, that the fines MY VERY GOOD LORD,

now to come in may do him most good. Both I ACQUAINTED this day the bearer with his Ma-causes produce fines of one hundred and fourscore jesty's pleasure touching Lake's * submission ; thousand pounds, whereof one hundred thousand may which whether it should be done in person, or in clear the anticipations, and then the assignations writing, his Majesty signified his will thus, that it may pass under the great seal, to be enrollable ; so should be spared in open court, if my lady of Exeter as we shall need to think of nothing but the arshould consent, and the board think fit. The board

rears in a manner, of which I wish the 20,0001. to liked it well, and appointed my lord Digby and secre- the strangers, with the interest, be presently satistary Calvert to speak with my lady, who returned her fied. The remain may serve for the king's present answer in substance, that she would, in this and all and urgent occasions. And if the king intend any things, be commanded by his Majesty : but if his gifts, let them stay for the second course, for all is Majesty left it to her liberty and election, she humbly not yet done, but nothing out of these, except the prayed to be excused. And though it was told her, king should give me the 20,0001. I owe Peter Vanthat this answer would be cause, that it could not lore out of his fine, which is the chief debt I owe. be performed this term; yet she seemed willing But this I speak merrily. I ever rest rather it should be delayed, than dispensed with.

Your lordship’s most obliged friend and faithful This day also Traske,+ in open court, made a re

servant, tractation of his wicked opinions in writing. The

FR. VERULAM, CANC. form was as good as may be. I declared to him, that this court was the judgment-seat; the mercy

Kew, December 12, 1619. seat was his Majesty : but the court would commend After I had written this letter, I received from him to his Majesty: and I humbly pray his Majesty your lordship, by my servant, his Majesty's acceptto signify his pleasure speedily, because of the misery | ation of my poor services; for which I pray your of the man; and it is a rare thing for a secretary, lordship to present to his Majesty my most humble that hath once suffered smart and shame, to turn so thanks. I have now other things in my mind for unfeignedly, as he seemed to do.

his Majesty's service, that no time be lost.
God ever bless and keep you.
Your most obliged friend and faithful servant,

December 1, 1619.


His Majesty hath been pleased, out of his gracious

care of Sir Robert Killigrew, to refer a suit of his, MY VERY GOOD LORD,

for certain concealed lands, to your lordship an the On Friday I left London, to hide myself at Kew; rest of the commissioners for the treasury; the like for two months and a half together to be strong-bent whereof hath been heretofore granted to many others. is too much for my bow. And yet, that the king may My desire to your lordship is, that he being a gentleperceive that in my times of leisure I am not idle, man, whom I love and wish very well unto, your I took down with me Sir Giles Mompesson, and lordship would show him, for my sake, all the favour with him I have quietly conferred of that proposition you can, in farthering his suit.

Wherein your which was given me in charge by his Majesty, and lordship shall do me a courtesy, for which I will after seconded by your lordship. Wherein I find ever rest some things I like very well, and some other that I would set by. And one thing is much to my liking,

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM. that the proposition for bringing in his Majesty's revenue with small charge is no invention, but was on

Royston, December 25, 1619. foot heretofore in king Philip's and queen Mary's Sir Thomas Lake's.

court, and not there, but for making of conventicles and com† John Traske, a minister, who was prosecuted in the star- motions, and for scandalizing the king, the bishops, and clergy. chamber for maintaining, as we find mentioned in the Reports Dr. Fuller, in his Church History of Britain, Book X. p: 77. of the lord chief justice Hobart, p. 236, that the Jewish Sab- $ 64, mentions his having heard Mr. Traske preach, and rebath ought to be observed, and not ours; and that we ought marks, that his voice had more strength than any thing else to abstain from all manner of swine's flesh, and those meats he delivered, and that after his recantation he relapsed, not into which the Jews were forbidden in Leviticus, according to the same, but other opinions, rather humorous than hurtful, bishop Andrews, in his speech, in the star-chamber on that and died obscurely at Lambeth in the reign of king Charles I. occasion, printed among his lordship's works. Mr. Traske | Who in the parliament, which began January 30, 1620-1, being examined in that court, confessed, that he had divulged was sentenced to be degraded and rendered incapable of bear. those opinions, and had laboured to bring as many to them as ing any office, for practising several abuses, in setting up new he could; and had also written a letter to the king, wherein inns and alehouses, and exacting great sums of money of he seemed to tax his Majesty with hypocrisy, and expressly the people, hy pretence of letters patents granted him for that inveighed against the bishops' high commissioners, as bloody purpose. But he fled into foreign parts, finding himself abanand cruel in their proceedings against him, and a papal clergy. doned by the marquis of Buckingham, on whom he had de. He was sentenced to fine and imprisonment, not for bolding pended for protection. those opinions, for those were examinable in the ecclesiastical § Harl. NISS. Vol. 7006

For the star-chamber business, I shall, as you TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. *

write, keep the clock on going, which is hard to do,

when sometimes the wheels are too many, and someMY HONOURABLE LORD,

times too few. But we shall do well, especially if I HAVE acquainted his Majesty with your letter, those, whom the king hath hitherto made bond-men, who for that business, whereof Mr. Chancellor of (I mean, which have given bonds for their fines,) the Exchequer brought the message to his Majesty he do not hereafter make free-men. to Theobald's, returned the answer by him.

For Suffolk's business it is a little strange, that As for that, whereof Sir Giles Mompesson spake the attorney made it a question to the commissioners to your lordship, his Majesty liketh very well, and of treasury, whether Suffolk should not be admitted so do all others, with whom his Majesty hath spoken to the lease of the extent of his own land, which is of it; and therefore he recommendeth it to your the way to encourage him not to pay his fine. But care, not doubting but your lordship will give all when it was told him that the contrary course was your fartherance to it, being your own work, and so held with the earl of Northumberland, and that much concerning his Majesty's honour and profit; thereby he was brought to agree for his fine; then and will speak farther with your lordship of it at he turned, as his manner is. his return to London.

For the errors, we have yet so much use of the For those other businesses of the star-chamber, service of Sir Henry Britten in bringing in the fines, which his Majesty hath recommended to your lord- indeed more than of the attorney, as we cannot, ship, he hopeth you will keep the clock still going, without prejudice to his Majesty's service, enter yet his profit being so much interested therein, especi- into them ; and besides, Sir Edward Coke comes ally seeing Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer + hath not abroad. promised his Majesty, that he will be no more sick, Mr. Kirkham hath communicated with me, as whereby you shall have this comfort, that the burden matter of profit to his Majesty, upon the coals rewill not lie upon your lordship alone.

ferred by his Majesty to us of the treasury, wherein The little leisure I had at Theobald's made me I hope we shall do good, the rather, because I am bring your man down hither for this answer, which not alone. I hope your lordship will excuse; and ever hold The proclamation for light gold, Mr. Secretary me for

Calvert, I know, hath sent to his Majesty; and Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

therefore of that I say no more. G. BUCKINGHAM.

For the raising of silver by ordinance, and not by Royston, Jan. 19.

proclamation, and that for the time to come, we have

given order to finish it. I hear a whispering, that Indorsed, 1619.

thereupon the commissioners of the navy, the officers of the household, the wardrobe, may take occasion

to break the book and the undertakings, because the TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

prices may rise, which I thought good to signify to

his Majesty. And to speak plainly, I fear more MY VERY GOOD LORD,

the pretence, than the natural effect. God evermore In the midst of business, as in the midst of a preserve your lordship. I rest Fay, one should not stay long, especially when I

Your lordship’s most obliged friend and faithful crase no direction, but only advertise.

servant, This day we met about the commission, the com

FR. VERULAM, CANC. monwealth's commission, for the poor and vagabonds,

January 20, 1619. te. We have put it into an exceeding good way, and have appointed meetings once in fourteen days, because it shall not be a-slack. I was glad to hear from the two chief justices, that whatsoever appears

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. in the country to come from primum mobile, that is, the king's care, works better than if it came from

MY HONOURABLE LORD, the law. Therefore we have ordered, that this I have acquainted his Majesty with your letter, commission shall be published in the several circuits who is very well pleased therewith, finding in you in the charges of the judges. For the rest hereafter. a continual care of his service. In that point of the

For the proposition of Sir Giles Mompesson, we star-chamber business, his Majesty saith, there is a have met once. Exchequer-men will be exchequer- mistaking ; for he meant not the Dutchmen's busimen still; but we shall do good.

ness, but that motion, which your lordship made For the account, or rather imparting, of the com- unto him, of sitting in the star-chamber about the missioners of treasury to the council, I think it will commissions, which he had not leisure to read till but end in a compliment. But the real care, and I he came down to Royston, and hath reason to give hope good purpose, I will not give over, the better you thanks for it, desiring you to prepare it, and because I am not alone.

study the point, of which he will speak more with Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

He had been created lord Brooke of Beauchamp's Court, + Sir Fulke Greville, who surrendered that office in Sep- Jan. 9, 1620-1. tember, 1621, being succeeded in it by Sir Richard Weston. Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

you at his return to London, being a matter worthy | though there had been very good diligence used, yet your thinking on, and his Majesty's practice. certainly we are not at the bottom; and he, that

For the last point of your letter, his Majesty saith, would not use the utmost of his line to sound such it cannot but proceed of malice, that there should a business as this, should not have due regard, be any such plot, which he will not endure, but he neither to your Majesty's honour nor safety. will account those, that whisper of it in that sort, A man would think he were in Luke Hutton's enemies of his service; and will put them out of case again; for as my lady Roos personated Luke their places, that practise it. And so I rest Hutton, so, it seemeth, Peacock personateth Atkins. Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, But I make no judgment yet, but will go on with


all diligence : and, if it may not be done otherwise,

it is fit Peacock be put to torture. He deserveth it Newmarket, Jan. 22, 1619.

as well as Peacham did.

I beseech your Majesty not to think I am more

bitter, because my name is in it; for, besides that I TO MR. SECRETARY CALVERT.

always make my particular a cypher, when there is

question of your Majesty's honour and service, I MR. SECRETARY,

think myself honoured for being brought into 80 I have received your letter of the 3d of this pre- good company. And as, without fattery, I think sent, signifying his Majesty's pleasure touching your Majesty the best of kings, and my noble lord Peacock's † examinations, of which I will have of Buckingham the best of persons favoured; so I special care.

hope, without presumption, for my honest and true My lord Coke is come to town, and hath sent me intentions to state and justice, and my love to my word, he will be with me on Monday, though he be master, I am not the worst of chancellors. somewhat lame. Howsoever, the service shall be done. God ever preserve your Majesty.

I was made acquainted, by your letter to secretary Naunton, with his Majesty's dislike of the sending

Your Majesty's most obliged and most obedient

servant, to him of the jolly letter from Zealand. I will now

FR. VERULAM, CANC. speak for myself, that, when it was received, I

Feb. 10, 1619. turned to the master of the wards, and said, “Well, I think you and I shall ever advise the king to do more for a Burlamachi, when he seeketh to his Majesty by supplication and supplying the king at

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. the first word, than for all the rest upon any bravadves from the burgomasters of Holland and Zea

Most HONOURED LORD, land;" who answered very honestly, that it was in I PRESUME, now after term, if there be any such the king's power to make them alter their style thing as an after-term with your lordship, to offer when he would. But when another of us said, we this enclosed paper || to your sight, concerning the could not but in our own discharge send the king duke of Lerma; which, if your lordship have not althe letter, scilicet negandum non fuit; though ready read, will not, I think, be altogether unpleasing, indeed my way is otherwise.

because it is full of particular circumstances. I know I have at last recovered from these companions, not how commonly it passeth up and down more or Harrison and Dale, a copy of my lord of Bangor's s less. My friend, Mr. Gage, sent it me lately out of book, the great one, and will presently set in hand Spain. But howsoever I build upon a sure ground; the examinations. God keep you.

for though it should be vulgar, yet, for my desire to Your assured Friend,

serve your lordship, I cannot demerit so much, as FR. VERULAM, CANC.

not to deserve a pardon at your lordship’s most

noble hand. February 5, 1619.

Before the departure of the duke of Lerma from that court, there was written upon the gate for a

pasquinade, that the house was governed “ por el TO THE KING.

Padre, y el Hijo, y un Santo;" as in Paris about the

same time was written upon the Louvre-Gate," C'est MAY IT PLEASE YOUR MAJESTY,

icy l’hostel des troys Roys;" for Luynes's brother Sir Edward Coke is now a-foot, and, according to is almost as great as himself. But the while there your command, signified by Mr. Secretary Calvert, is good store of kings now in christendom, though we proceed in Peacock's examinations. For al- there be one fewer than there was.

* Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

was promoted the bishopric of Bangor in 1616. On the + He was a minister of the University of Cambridge. He 15th of July, 1621, he was committed to the Fleet, but on what was committed to the Tower, for pretending that he had, by account is not related by Camden, Annales Regis Jacobi I. sorcery, infatuated the king's judgment in the cause of Sir p. 72, who mentions the circumstance of the bishop's imprisonThomas Lake. Camd. Annal. Regis Jacobi I. p. 54. ment, but that he was soon after set at liberty. He was the Sir Lionel Cranfield.

author of the well-known book, the Practice of Piety, Dr. Lewis Bayly, born at Caermarthen, in Wales, and || I have, out of a ragged hand in Spanish, translated it, and educated in Exeter College, Oxford. He had been minister accompanied it with some marginal notes, for your lordship's of Evesham, in Worcestershire, and chaplain to prince Henry, greater ease. Note of Mr. Matthew. and rector of St. Matthew's, Friday-street, in London. He

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