counsel his Majesty to grant forth a commission of TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. *

this nature, so to raise money for himself, being a

flower of the crown: and Hall may be rewarded out MY HONOURABLE LORD,

of it; and it would be to principal persons, that it I HAVING understood by Dr. Steward, that your may be carried with election and discretion, whom lordship hath made a decree against him in the to admit to denization, and whom not. chancery, which he thinks very hard for him to God ever bless and prosper you. perform : although I know it is unusual to your

Your lordship's most faithful and obliged friend lordship to make any alterations, when things are

and servant, so far past ; yet in regard I owe him a good turn,

December 8, 1618. FR. VERULAM, CANC. which I know not how to perform but this way, I desire your lordship, if there be any place left for mitigation, your lordship would show him what favour you may, for my sake, in his desires, which

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. I I shall be ready to acknowledge as a great courtesy

MY HONOURABLE LORD, done unto myself; and will ever rest Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

I THANK your lordship for the favour, which, I G. BUCKINGHAM.

understand, Sir Francis Englefyld hath received

from your lordship upon my last letter, whereunto Newmarket, the 2nd of December, 1618.

I desire your lordship to add this one favour more,

which is the same that I understand your lordship TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.+

granted him at Christmas last, to give him liberty,

for the space of a fortnight, to follow his business MY HONOURABLE LORD,

in his own person; whereby he may bring it to the I HAVE written a letter unto your lordship, which more speedy end, putting in security, according to will be delivered unto you in behalf of Dr. Steward ; the ordinary course, to render himself prisoner again, and besides, have thought fit to use all freedom with as soon as that time is expired: which is all that I rou in that, as in other things; and therefore have desire for him, and in which I will acknowledge your thought fit to tell you, that he being a man of very lordship’s favour towards him; and ever rest good reputation, and a stout man, that will not yield

Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant, to any thing, wherein he conceiveth any hard course

G. BUCKINGHAM. against him, I should be sorry he should make any complaint against you. And therefore, if you can

Newmarket, the 10th of Decemb. 1618. advise of any course, how you may be eased of that barden, and freed from his complaint, without show of any fear of him, or any thing he can say, I will


MY VERY GOOD LORD, be ready to join with you for the accomplishment thereof: And so desiring you to excuse the long I SEND you herewith the copy of a letter, which stay of your man, I rest

we, the commissioners for Ormonde's cause, have Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant, written to the deputy of Ireland, according to his G. BUCKINGHAM.

Majesty's pleasure signified by Sir Francis Blundell;

which I humbly desire his Majesty would peruse, From Newmarket, 3d of December, 1618.

that if it do not attain his meaning, as we conveyed it, we may second it with a new letter.

We have appointed Monday morning for these TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

mint businesses, referred by his Majesty to certain

commissioners, and we will carry it sine strepitu. MY VERY GOOD LORD,

The patent touching Guinea and Bynny for the YESTERNIGHT we despatched the lord Ridgeway's trade of gold, staid first by myself, and after by his account. Good service is done. Seven or eight Majesty's commandment, we have now settled by thousand pounds are coming to the king, and a good consent of all parties. precedent set for accounts.

Mr. Attorney, by my direction, hath made, upon There came to the seal about a fortnight since a his information exhibited into the star-chamber, a strange book passed by Mr. Attorney to one Mr. Hall; thundering motion against the transportation of gold and it is to make subjects, for so is denization, and by the Dutch ; which all the town is glad of; and this to go to a private use, till some thousand pounds I have granted divers writs of ne exeat regnum, acbe made of it. The number one hundred denizens.cording to his Majesty's warrant. and whereas all books of that nature had an excep- Sir Edward Coke keeps in still, and we have miss tion of merchants, which importeth the king not of him ; but I supply it as I may by my farther much in his customs only, for that is provided for in diligence. God ever bless you and keep you. the book, but many other ways, this takes in mer- Your lordship's most faithful and bounden friend chants and all. I acquainted the commissioners with and servant, it, and by one consent it is stayed. But let me

December 11, 1618. FR. VERULAM, CANC. • Harl MSS. Vol. 7006. + Ibid.

# Ibid.

s Ibid. VOL. II.


the egg."

I forget not your doctor's matter. I shall speak | direct their merchants in what they shall think fit; with him to-day, having received your lordship's which if it be so, then his Majesty holdeth it fit, for letter ; and what is possible, shall be done. I pray his part, to appoint the whole body of the council pardon my scribbling in haste.

with like power over his merchants. As for me, I shall be ever ready upon any occasion to show my.


Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant,


Newmarket, the 14th of December, 1618. I HAVE acquainted his Majesty with your letters, who is very well pleased with your care of his service, in making stay of the grant of denizens upon the reason you allege, whereof his Majesty will speak

TO THE LADY CLIFFORD. farther with you at his return. The letter, which you sent me about my lord of

MY GOOD LADY AND COUSIN, Ormonde's son, is not according to his Majesty's I shall not be wanting in any thing, that may meaning; but I would have you frame another to express my good affection and wishes towards your my lord deputy to this purpose : " That his Majesty ladyship, being so near unto me, and the daughter having seen a letter of his to Sir Francis Blundell, of a father, to whom I was in the passages of my advertising, that the earl of Ormonde's son, and fortune much obliged. So with my loving comsome other of his kindred, did victual and fortify mendations, in the midst of business, I rest their houses; his Majesty hath thereupon com- Your affectionate kinsman and assured friend, manded you to write unto him, that if the ground of

FR. VERULAM, CANC. his information be true, which he may best know, that then he send for the said earl's son, and the

York-house, this 25th of January, 1618. principal of his kindred, to appear before him; and if they appear, and give him satisfaction, it is well ; but if they refuse to appear, or give him not satis

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. I faction though they appear, that then he assemble what forces he can, be they never so few, and go

MY HONOURABLE LORD, against them, that he may crush the rebellion in Lest my often writing may make your lordship

conceive, that this letter hath been drawn from you I have remembered his Majesty, as I promised by importunity, I have thought fit for preventing your lordship, about the naming you for a commis- of any such conceit, to let your lordship know, that sioner to treat with the Hollanders : But besides that Sir John Wentworth, whose business I now recomyou have so many businesses, both of the star- mend, is a gentleman, whom I esteem in more than chamber, and others in the term-time, when this an ordinary degree. And therefore I desire your must be attended as well as in the vacation, whereby lordship to show him what favour you can for my this would be either too great a toil to you, or a sake in his suit, which his Majesty hath referred to hinderance to his Majesty's service; he thinketh it your lordship: which I will acknowledge as a could not stand with the honour of your place to be courtesy unto me, and rest balanced with those that are sent from the state, so Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, far unequal to his Majesty, and being themselves

G. BUCKINGHAM. none of the greatest of the state. Therefore his Majesty holdeth it not fit or worthy of you to put

Newmarket, January 26th, 1618. you into such an employment, in which none of your predecessors, or any of the chief counsellors, have been ever used in this kind, but only in a treaty of

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. marriage or conclusion of a peace ; as when the constable of Castile was here, when the commis

MY HONOURABLE LORD, sioners on both sides had their authority under the I being desired by a special friend of mine to great seal of either kingdom, with direct relation to recommend unto your lordship's favour the case of their sovereigns, far differing from this commission, this petitioner, have thought fit to desire you, for my which is now given to these men, and whereunto sake, to show him all the favour you may in this his Majesty is to frame the course of his. As for the his desire, as you shall find it in reason to deserve ; part which concerneth Scotland, the choice hath not which I shall take as a courtesy from your lordship, been made of the chancellor or archbishop of St. and ever rest Andrew's, but of men nearer the rank of those, that

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, come hither to treat. As yet his Majesty delayeth

G. BUCKINGHAM. to give any commission at all, because he would first be informed from the lords, both of the points and

I thank your lordship for your favour to Sir John form of their commission, which his Majesty hitherto Wentworth, in the despatch of his business. understandeth to be, with authority to over-rule and Newmarket, March 15, 1618. * Steward's. See above, p. 209.

+ Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.


^ Ibid.




THE EXCHEQUER. I It may please your lordship, there was with me this day one Mr. Richard White, who hath spent

MY LORDS, some little time at Florence, and is now going into His Majesty having been moved by the duke of England. He tells me, that Galileo had answered Savoy's ambassador in the behalf of Philip Bernardi, your discourse concerning the flux and reflux of the whom he is to send about some special employment sea, and was sending it unto me; but that Mr. White over the seas to the duke of Savoy, that before his hindered him, because his answer was grounded upon going, the business mentioned in this petition may a false supposition, namely, that there was in the be ended, hath commanded me to recommend the ocean a full sea but once in twenty-four hours. But same unto your lordships' care, that with all expenow I will call upon Galileo again. This Mr. White dition the cause may be heard and ended by your is a discreet and understanding gentleman, though lordships, according to his Majesty's reference; or he seem a little soft, if not slow: and he hath in left to the determination of the court of chancery, his hands all the works, as I take it, of Galileo, where it is depending, and where the party assureth some printed, and some unprinted. He hath his himself of a speedy end. And so I rest discourse of the flux and reflux of the sea, which

Your lordship's very assured friend at command, was never printed; as also a discourse of the mixture of metals. Those which are printed in his hand

G. BUCKINGHAM. are these: the Nuncius sidereus ; the Macchie so- Royston, the 19th of April, 1619. lari; and a third, Delle Cose, che stanno su l'aqua, by occasion of a disputation, that was amongst learned men in Florence about that which Archi. medes wrote, de insidentibus humido.

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. $ I have conceived, that your lordship would not

MY VERY GOOD LORD, be sorry to see these discourses of that man; and therefore I have thought it belonging to my ser- I THINK fit to let your lordship understand what vice to your lordship to give him a letter of this passed yesterday in the star-chamber touching Sufdate, though it will not be there so soon as this. folk's || business. The gentleman hath no pretence or business before There came to me the clerk of the court in the your lordship, but is willing to do your lordship all inner chamber, and told me, that my lord of Suffolk humble service; and therefore both for this reason, desired to be heard by his council at the sitting as also upon my humble request, I beseech your of the court, because it was pen lordship to bestow a countenance of grace upon him. I marvelled I heard not of it by Mr. Attorney, I am beholden to this gentleman; and, if your lord who should have let me know as much, that I might ship shall vouchsafe to ask him of me, I shall re. not be taken on the sudden in a cause of that weight. ceive honour by it. And I most humbly do your I called presently Mr. Attorney to me, and asked lordship reverence.

him whether he knew of the motion, and what it Your lordship's most obliged servant,

was, and how he was provided to answer it. He

signified to me, that my lord would desire to have TOBIE MATTHEW. the commission for examinations in Ireland to be Brussels, from my bed, the 14th of April, 1619. returnable in Michaelmas term. I said, it might

not be, and presently drew the council then present to me, and made Mr. Attorney repeat to them the

passages past, and settled it, that the commission TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. + should be returnable the first day of the next term,

and then republication granted, that it might, if acMY HONOURABLE LORD,

cidents of wind and weather permit, come to hearHis Majesty hath commanded me to signify unto ing in the term. And upon motion in open court it Four lordship, that it is his pleasure you put off the was ordered accordingly. hearing of the cause between Sir Arthur Manwar- God ever preserve and prosper you. ing and Gabriel Dennis till toward the end of the this great easterly wind agree well with his Majesty. term; because his Majesty is graciously pleased to

Your lordship's most obliged friend and faithbe at the hearing thereof himself. And so I rest

ful servant, Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

FR. VERULAM, CANC. G. BUCKINGHAM. May 6, 1619. Royston, April 13, 1619.


Sent by Sir Gilbert Houghton. Harl. MSS. VOL 7006.

+ Ibid.

meanors in that office, together with his lady, and Sir John • Ibid.

Bingley, her ladyship's agent; and an information preferred Thomas Howard, earl of Suffolk, who had been made against them all in the star-chamber. kerd treasurer in 1614. He was accused of several misde.

$ Ibid.

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MY HONOURABLE LORD, I am much bounden to his Majesty, and likewise His Majesty was pleased, at the suit of some who to your lordship. I see, by the late accesses I have have near relation unto me, to grant a licence for had with his Majesty, and now by his royal and transportation of butter out of Wales unto one real favour, * that he loveth me, and acknowledgeth Lewis and Williams; who, in consideration that the me for the servant I am, or desire to be. This in patent should be passed in their names, entered into me must turn to a great alacrity to honour and serve articles for the performance of certain conditions him with a mind less troubled and divided. And for agreed upon between them, which, now that the your lordship, may and doth daily receive addi- patent is under the great seal, they utterly refuse to tion, but cannot, nor never could, receive alteration. perform. My desire therefore to your lordship is, I pray present my humble thanks to his Majesty ; that you would call the said Lewis and Williams and I am very glad his health confirmeth; and I before you, with the other parties, or some of them, hope to see him this summer at Gorhambury: there who shall be ready at all times to attend your lordis sweet air as any is. God preserve and prosper ship; and out of your consideration of the matter, you both. I ever rest

according to equity to take such course therein, that Your lordship’s most obliged friend and faith either the said agreement may be performed, or that ful servant,

they which refuse it may receive no benefit of the FR. VERULAM, CANC. patent ; which upon reason thereof was passed in

their names. And herein I desire your lordship to May 9, 1619.

make what expedition you can; because now is the season to make provision of the butter, that for this

year is to be transported, whereof they take adMINUTE OF A LETTER TO THE COUNT vantage to stand out. And so I rest PALATINE OF THE RHINE.

Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant, MONSEIGNEUR,

G. BUCKINGHAM. Je me tiens a grand honneur, qu'il plaise à vostre Greenwich, May 14, 1619. altesse de me cognoistre pour tel, que je suis, ou pour le moins voudrois éstre, envers vous et vostre service : et m'estimeray heureux, si par mes counseils aupres du roy, ou autre devoir, je pourroy con- TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. tribuer à vostre grandeur, dont il semble que Dieu vous a basti de belles occasions, ayant en contem

MY VERY GOOD LORD, plation vostre tres-illustre personne, non seulement Though it be nothing, and all is but duty ; yet I comme tres cher allié de mon maistre, mais aussi, pray show his Majesty the paper enclosed, that his comme le meilleur appui, apres les roys de Grande Majesty may see how careful his poor servant is Bretagne, de la plus saine partie de la Chres

upon every emergent occasion to do him what tieneté.

honour he can. The motion made in court by the Je ne puis aussi passer sous silence la grande rai- king's serjeant, Crew, i that the declaration might be son, que vostre altesse fait a vostre propre honneur made parcel of the record, and that I hear otherwise en choissisant tels conseilleurs et ministres d'estat, of the great satisfaction abroad, encourageth me to comme se monstre tres-bien estre monsieur le baron let his Majesty know what passed. de Dhona et Monsieur de Plessen, estants person- God ever preserve and prosper you both. ages si graves, discretes et habiles; en quoy vostre

Your lordship's obliged friend and faithful jugement reluict assez.

servant, Vostre altesse de vostre grace excusera la faulte

FR. VERULAM, CANC. de mon language François, ayant ésté tant versé es vielles loix de Normandie : mais le cour supplera

Indorsed, June 29, 1619. la plume, en priant Dieu de vous tenir en sa digne et saincte garde,

My lord to my lord marquis, enclosing the form of a

declaration used in point of acknowledgment in Monseigneur,

the lady Exeter's ş cause. De vostre altesse le plus humble et plus affec

tionné serviteur. Indorsed, May 13, 1619.

12001. a year.

Probably the grant made to him about this time of + Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

Sir Randolph Crew, made chief justice of the king's bench, Jan. 26, 1021,

$ Countess of Exeter, accused of incest and other crimes by the lady Lake, wife of secretary Lake, and their daughter the lady Roos.




MY HONOURABLE LORD, I PURPOSED to have seen you to-day, and receive His Majesty, upon a petition delivered by Mr. Four commandments before the progress. But I Thomas Digby, ein he complaineth of great came not to London till it was late, and found you wrongs done unto him, hath been pleased, for his were gone before I came. Nevertheless, I would more speedy relief and redress, if it prove as he not fail to let your lordship understand, that as I allegeth, to refer the consideration thereof unto your find every day more and more occasions, whereby lordship. And because he is a gentleman, whom I you bind me to you; so this morning the king of have long known and loved, I could not but add my himself did tell me some testimony, that your lord- desire to your lordship, that if you find he hath been ship gave of me to his Majesty even now, when you wronged, you would do him so much favour, as to went from him, of so great affection and commend give him such remedy, as the equity of his case ation, for I must ascribe your commendation to affec- may require. For which I will ever rest tion, being above my merit, as I must do contrary Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant, to that that painters do; for they desire to make

G. BUCKINGHAM. the picture to the life, and I must endeavour to make

Royston, Octob. 8, 1619. the life to the picture, it hath pleased you to make so honourable a description of me. I can be but yours, and desire to better myself, that I may be of more worth to such an owner.

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. I hope to give the king a good account of my time this vacation.

MY HONOURABLE LORD, If your lordship pass back by London, I desire to I have acquainted his Majesty with your letter, wait on you, and discourse a little with you: if not, who hath given order to Mr. Secretary Calvert, to my prayers shall go progress with you, and my signify his pleasure for the proceeding in that busiletters attend you, as occasion serveth.

ness, whereof you write, without any farther delay, God ever preserve and prosper you.

as your lordship will more fully understand by Mr. Your lordship’s most obliged friend and faithful

Secretary, who for that purpose is to return to Lon

don against the day of hearing.

I have no answer to make to your former letter, July 19, 1619.

and will add no more to this, but that his Majesty hath a great confidence in your care of his service. And so I rest

Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant, TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.


Royston, Oct. 10, 1619. This day, according to the first appointment, I

Indorsed, thought to have waited upon his Majesty, and to have given him an account of my cares and prepar

Showing his Majesty's acceptation of your lordship’s ations for his service, which is my progress.


care, in particular in the business against the therefore, since his coming to Windsor is prolonged, earl of Suffolk. I thought to keep day by letter, praying your lordship to commend my most humble service to his Majesty, and to let him know, that since I see his Majesty doth me the honour, as to rely upon my TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. care and service, I lose no time in that which may pertain thereunto. I see the straits, and I see the

MY VERY GOOD LORD, way out ; and what lieth in one man, whom he hath AFTER my last letter yesterday, we entered into made great, and trained, shall not be wanting. And conference, touching the Suffolk cause, myself, and I hope, if God give me life for a year or two, to the commissioners, and the two chief justices. The give his Majesty cause to think of me seven years fruit of this conference is, that we all conceive the after I am dead.

proceedings against my lord himself to be not only I am glad the time approacheth, when I shall just and honourable, but in some principal parts have the happiness to kiss his Majesty's hands, and plausible in regard of the public: as namely, those to embrace your lordship, ever resting

three points, which touch upon the ordnance, the Your lordship’s most obliged friend and faithful army of Ireland, and the money of the cautionary servant,

towns; and the two chief justices are firm in it. FR. VERULAM, CANC. I did also, in this cause, by the assent of my lords, York-house, August 28, 1619.

remove a part : for Mr. Attorney had laid it upon • Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

Sir Henry Montagu of the king's bench, and Sir Henry Hobart of the common pleas.

† Ibid.

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