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ship shall see him grounded upon equity and reason; | request yielded to recommend his business so far to which is no more than, I assure myself, your lord your lordship’s favour, as you shall find his case to ship will grant readily, as it is desired by

deserve compassion, and may stand with the rules Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

of equity. And so I rest G. BUCKINGHAM. Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, Indorsed,

G. BUCKINGHAM. November 17, 1617.

Newmarket, the 4th of December.

Indorsed, 1617.

TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM.*

TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM. MY VERY GOOD LORD,

MY VERY GOOD LORD, The last letter of my lord's, whereof the conclu. sion indeed is a little blunt, as the king calleth it, Your lordship may marvel, that together with was concluded in my absence, which hath been but the letter from the board, which you see passed so once since I came to this town; and brought me by well, there came no particular letter from myself; the clerk of the council, as I sat in chancery. wherein, though it be true, that now this very evenWhereupon I retired to a little closet I have there, ing I have made even with the causes of chancery, and signed it, not thinking fit to sever.

and comparing with the causes heard by my lord,|| For my opinion, I despatched it the morrow fol. that dead is, of Michaelmas term was twelve-month, lowing. And till Sir Lionel Cranfield + be able to I find them to be double so many and one more ; execute his part in the sub-commission, it will, in besides that the causes that I despatch do seldom my opinion, not be so fit to direct it. He crept to turn upon me again, as his many times did ; yet me yesternight, but he is not well. I did his Ma- nevertheless I do assure your lordship, that should jesty's message to him touching the tobacco; and have been no excuse to me, who shall ever assign he said he would give his Majesty very real and both to the causes of the subject, yea, and to my solid satisfaction touching the same.

health, but the leavings of times after his Majesty's This is all for the present I shall trouble your business done. But the truth is, I could not speak lordship withal, resting ever

with Sir Lionel Cranfield, with whom of necessity Your lordship's true friend and devoted servant, I was to confer about the names, till this afternoon.

FR. BACON.

First, therefore, I send the names, by his advice, November 20, 1617.

and with mine own good allowance of those, which we wish his Majesty should select; wherein I have had respect somewhat to form, more to the avoiding

of opposition, but most to the service. TO THE LORD KEEPER. I

Two most important effects his Majesty's letter

hath wrought already : the one, that we perceive MY HONOURABLE LORD,

his Majesty will go through stitch; which goeth to His Majesty liketh very well of the draught your the root of our disease. The other, that it awaketh lordship sent of the letter for the sub-commission, the particular officers, and will make their own enand hath signed it, as it was, without any alteration, deavours and propositions less perfunctory, and more and sent it to the lords. Which is all I have to solid and true for the future. Somewhat is to be write at this time, but that I ever rest

done presently, and somewhat by seasonable degrees. Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, For the present, my advice is, his Majesty would

G. BUCKINGHAM. be pleased to write back to the table, that he doth Newmarket, the 2d of Decemb. 1617.

well approve, that we did not put back or retard the good ways we were in of ourselves; and that we understood his Majesty's right : that his late direc

tion was to give help, and not hinderance, to the TO THE LORD KEEPER.S

former courses; and that he doth expect the propo

sitions we have in hand, when they are finished : MY HONOURABLE LORD,

and that for the sub-commissions, he hath sent us His Majesty hath been pleased to refer a petition the names he hath chosen out of those by us sent of one Sir Thomas Blackstones to your lordship, and propounded; and that he leaveth the particular who being brother-in-law to a gentleman whom I directions from time to time, in the use of sub-commuch respect, Sir Henry Constable, I have at his missioners, wholly to the table.

• In answer to his lordship’s letter from Newmarket, No treasurer, baron Cranfield, and earl of Middlesex ; but being tember 19, 1617, printed in lord Bacon's works.

accused by the house of commons for misdemeanors in his He was originally a merchant in the city of London, in office, he had a severe sentence passed upon him by the lords, troduced to the king's knowledge by the earl of Northampton, in 1624. and into his service by the earl of Buckingham, being the Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006. great projector for reforming the king's household, advancing Ibid. the customs, and other services; for which he was made lord Chancellor Ellesmere.

FR. BACicial to his M when duke of York, and was groom of the stole to him, rd Chancellor, in

|| He had been surveyor of the lands to prince Chomas Coventry.

This I conceive to be the fairest way; first to | is all I have now to write to your lordship, but that seal the sub-commission without opening the nature I shall ever rest of their employments, and without seeming that

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, they should have any immediate dependence upon

G. BUCKINGHAM his Majesty, but merely upon the table.

As for that which is to be kept in breast, and to Newmarket, the 9th day of December, 1617. come forth by parts, the degrees are these :

Indorsed, First, to employ the sub-commissioners in the reconsidering of those branches, which the several My lord of Buckingham to your lordship, showing officers shall propound.

the king's liking of your opinion and choice of Next, in taking consideration of other branches

names for sub-commission. of retrenchment, besides those which shall be propounded.

The third, to take into consideration the great TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM. and huge arrears and debts in every office ; whether

MY VERY GOOD LORD, there be cause to abate them upon deceit or abuse; and at least how to settle them best, both for the Your lordship's letters patents § are ready. I king's honour, and avoiding of clamour, and for the would be glad to be one of the witnesses at the detaking away, as much as may be, that same ill in- livery; and therefore, if the king and your lordship fluence and effect, whereby the arrear past destroys will give me leave, I will bring it to-morrow at any the good husbandry and reformation to come. hour shall be appointed. The fourth is to proceed from the consideration of

Your lordship's ever, the retrenchments and arrears to the improvements.

FR. BACON. All these four, at least the last three, I wish not

New-Year's eve, 1617. to be stirred in till his Majesty's coming. God ever preserve and prosper you.

I was bold to send your lordship, for your newYour lordship's true friend and devoted

year's gift, a plain cap of essay, in token, that if servant,

your lordship in any thing shall make me your say

FR. BACON. man, I will be hurt before your lordship shall be Your lordship will be pleased to have a little care

hurt. I present therefore to you my best service, of the bestowing of this letter.

which shall be my All-Years' gift. York-house, this 6th of December, 1617.

TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM.

MY VERY GOOD LORD,
TO THE LORD KEEPER. *

Sir George Chaworth and I am agreed, so that
MY HONOURABLE LORD,

now I shall retain the grace of my place, and yet he Lest Mr. Secretary t should be come away be- hath four times as much as he was offered by Sir

rewarded. The king hath no ili bargain ; for he fore the delivery of this packet, I have thought fit to George of increase ; and yet I take upon me to con direct it to your lordship, with this letter to your tent my servants, and to content him. Nevertheless, LORD lordship about the court of wards, and another to the I shall think myself pleasured by his Majesty, and lords from his Majesty. Which is all I have now

do acknowledge, that your lordship hath dealt very to write, but that I ever rest Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

I send enclosed a letter, whereby your lordshit lordshire G. BUCKINGHAM. signifieth his Majesty's pleasure to me; and I shthat upon

make the warrant to Mr. Attorney. I desire it four opinie Newmarket, the 7th of December, 1617.

be carried in privateness. I ever rest
Your lordship’s true friend and devoted ser

may, if
This New-Year's eve, 1617.
TO THE LORD KEEPER.:
MY HONOURABLE LORD,
I HAVE acquainted his Majesty with your lord-

TO SIR JAMES FULLERTON.|| ship's letter, who hath followed your directions I PRESUME to send his highness this pair of domestic therein, and written to the lords accordingly. Which candlesticks, that his light, and the light of hi/ Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

§ For the title of Marquis of Buckingham to himse † Sir Thomas Lake. His colleague, secretary Winwood, the male heirs of his body. died October 27, 1617; and Sir Robert Naunton succeeded to the post of secretary, January 8, 1617-18, from that of surveyor of the court of wards.

king. He died in January, 1630-1. Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

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terity, upon the church and commonwealth, may | Christopher Villiers, whose benefit I have reason to never fail. I pray you do me the favour to present wish and advance by any just courses. it to his highness, with my best and humble service. I rest Your most affectionate and assured friend,

Your lordship's faithful servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM. FR. BACON, C. S.

Royston, Jan. 11th, 1617.

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. *

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. I
MY HONOURABLE LORD,
I HAVE heretofore recommended unto your lord-

MY HONOURABLE LORD, ship the determination of the cause between Sir Sir John Cotton** having acquainted me with a Rowland Egerton and Edward Egerton,+ who, Ipetition he intended to exhibit to his Majesty, that understand, did both agree, being before your lord without any apparent fault committed by him, he ship, upon the values of the whole lands. And as was put from his office of Custos Rotulorum ; I have your lordship hath already made so good an entrance persuaded him to forbear the presenting of his petiinto the business, I doubt not but you will be as tion, until I had written to your lordship, and noble in farthering the full agreement between the received your answer. I have therefore thought fit parties : whereunto, I am informed, Sir Rowland to signify unto your lordship, that he is a gentleEgerton is very forward, offering on his part that, man, of whom his Majesty maketh good esteem, which to me seemeth very reasonable, either to and hath often occasion to use his service : and divide the lands, and his adverse party to choose, therefore, besides that he is a man of good years, or the other to divide, and he to choose. Where- and hath served long in the place, I know his Maopon my. desire to your wordship is, that you jesty, out of these respects, will be loth he should would accordingly make a final end between them, receive any disgrace. I desire therefore to underin making a division, and setting forth the lands, stand from your lordship the reasons of his remove, according to the values agreed upon by the parties that, if I cannot give satisfaction to the gentleman themselves. Wherein, besides the charitable work himself, I may at least make answer to his Majesty your lordship shall do in making an end of a con for that act of your lordship's, which is alleged to troversy between those, whom name and blood be very unusual, unless upon some precedent misshould tie together, and keep in unity, I will acknow-demeanor of the party. Thus, having in this point ledge your favour as unto myself, and will ever rest discharged my part in taking the best course I Your lordship's faithful servant,

could, that no complaint should come against you to

the king, I rest G. BUCKINGHAM.

Your lordship's faithful friend, Theobald's, January 9, 1617.

G. BUCKINGHAM. Newmarket, Jan. 16, 1617.

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. I

MY HONOURABLE LORD,

TO SIR HENRY YELVERTON, ATTORNEY. His Majesty having given order to Mr. Solicitor

GENERAL. to acquaint your lordship with a business touching ale-houses, that upon consideration thereof you

MR. ATTORNEY, might certify your opinion unto his Majesty, whe Whereas there dependeth before me in chancery ther it be fit to be granted or not; I have thought a great cause of tithes concerning the benefices of fit to desire your lordship to give it what favour and London, though in a particular, yet, by consequence fartberance you may, if you find it reasonable and leading to a general; his Majesty, out of a great Dot prejudicial to his Majesty's service, because it religious care of the state, both of church and city, concerneth Mr. Patrick Maule, and my brother, is graciously pleased, that before any judicial sen

Sir Francis Bacon had that title given him January 4. Patrick Maule, I have conferred with my lord chief justice + This was one of the causes mentioned in the charge of the and Mr. Solicitor thereupon, and there is a scruple in it, that House of Commons against the lord Bacon; in his answer to it should be one of the grievances put down in parliament; which, he acknowledged, that some days after perfecting his which if it be, I may not, in my duty and love to you, advise award, which was done with the advice and consent of the lord you to deal in it; if it be not, I will mould in the best manner, chief justice Hobart, and publishing it to the parties, he re and help it forward." A patent for licensing ale-houses being teved 304, of Mr. Edward Egerton, by whom, soon after his afterwards granted to Sir Giles Mompesson and Sir Francis waing to the seal, he had likewise been presented with 4001. Mitchel, and greatly abused by them, they were punished for

those abuses by the parliament, which met January 30, 1620-1. Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

q Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006. Sir Thomas Coventry.

** Of Lanwade, in Cambridgeshire, knight. He served The lord chancellor, in his letter to the marquis of Buck many years as knight of the shire for

that county, and died in inigbam, dated January 3, 1617, printed in his works, has the 1620, at the age of seventy-seven. His eldest son, Sir John furning passage: "'For the suit of the ale-houses, which Cotton, was created a baronet, July, 14, 1641. concerneth your brother, Mr. Christopher Villiers, and Mr.

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tence be pronounced in chancery, there be a com- George Tipping, in giving liberty unto him to make mission directed unto me, the lord chancellor, lord his appearance before you after the holy-days, at treasurer, the lord privy-seal, and the lord chamber my request; who, as I understand by some friends lain ; and likewise to the lord archbishop, the lord of mine, who moved me to recommend him to your bishop of Winchester* and the bishop of Ely,t and lordship’s favour, is willing to conform himself in also to the master of the rolls,f the two lord chief performance of the decree made in the chancery by justices, $ justice Dodderidge, and justice Hutton, your lordship’s predecessor, but that he is persuaded, who formerly assisted me in the cause, to treat of that presently, upon the performance thereof, his some concord in a reasonable moderation between son will make away the land that shall be conveyed the ministers and the mayor and the commonalty of unto him : which being come to Sir George from London in behalf of the citizens; and to make some his ancestors, he desireth to preserve to his postepact and transaction between them by consent, if it rity. I desire your lordship's farther favour theremay be ; or otherwise to hear and certify their opin-fore unto him, that you will find out some course, ions touching the cause, that thereupon his Majesty how he may be exempted from that fear of the sale may take such farther order, by directing of a pro- of his lands, whereof he is ready to acknowledge a ceeding in chancery, or by some other cause, as to fine to his son, and to his heirs by Anne Pigot; and, his wisdom shall seem fit.

they failing, to his son's heirs males, and, for want You will have care to draw the commission with thereof, to any of his son's or brethren's heirs males, some preface of honour to his Majesty, and likewise and so to the heirs general of his father and him. to insert in the beginning of the commission, that it self, by lineal descent, and the remainder to the was de advisamento cancellarii, (as it was indeed,) crown. This offer, which seemeth very reasonable, lest it should seem to be taken from the court. So and for his Majesty's advantage, I desire your lordI commit you to God's, &c.

ship to take into your consideration, and to show

FR. BACON, CANC. him what favour you may for my sake; which I January 19th, 1617.

will readily acknowledge, and ever rest
Your lordship's faithful servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

Newmarket, Jan. 23, 1617. MY VERY GOOD LORD, I do not easily fail towards gentlemen of quality to disgrace them. For I take myself to have some interest in the good wills of the gentlemen of Eng

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. I land, which I keep and cherish for his Majesty's

MY HONOURABLE LORD, special service. And for this gentleman of whom you write, Sir John Cotton, I know no cause in the Since I received your lordship’s letter, Sir Lionel world why I should have displaced him, but that it Cranfield being here, hath informed his Majesty of was certified unto me, that it was his own desire to the whole proceeding in his business of the houseresign : wherein if I was abused, I will restore him. hold ; which his Majesty liketh very well, and is But if he did consent, and, now it is done, changeth glad it is approved by your lordship, of whose care his mind, then I would be loth to disgrace the and pains therein he receiveti very good satisother, that is come in. Therefore I pray your lord-faction. ship, that I may know and be informed from him In the business touching Sir John Cotton, your self what passed touching his consent; and I will do lordship dealeth as nobly as can be desired; and him reason.

so, if it should come in question before his Majesty, Thus, with my thanks to your lordship, I will I would answer in your behalf. I leave Sir John

Cotton to inform your lordship by his etter of the Your lordship's true friend and most devoted business, and ever rest servant,

Your lordship's faithfui servant, FR. BACON, CANC.

G. BUCK NGHAM. ! Jan. 20, 1617.

Newmarket, Jan. 24, 1617.
Indorsed,
To the Marquis of Buckingham, concerning Sir

John Cotton's resigning the place of Custos
Rotulorum of Cambridgeshire.

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.*

MY HONOURABLE LORD,
TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.||

I have been entreated by a gentleman, , whom I

much respect, to recommend to your Lordship's MY HONOURABLE LORD,

favour Mr. John Huddy, between whom and Mr. I THANK your lordship for your favour to Sir Richard Huddy there is, as I am informedl, a cause • Dr. James Montagu. + Dr. Lancelot Andrews. $ Sir Henry Montagu of the king's bench, an Aur Heart I Sir Julius Cæsar,

Hobart of the common pleas.

|| Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006. Ibid.

ever rest

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to be heard before your lordship, in the chancery, on Saturday next. My desire unto your lordship is, TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. that you would show the said John Huddy what favour yon lawfully may, and as his cause will bear,

MY VERY GOOD LORD, when it cometh before you, for my sake. Which I I HAVE sent enclosed a letter to his Majesty about will not fail to acknowledge, ever resting

the public charge I am to give the last star-chamber Your lordship's faithful servant,

day, which is this day sevennight, to the judges and

justices before the circuit. I pray deliver it to his

G. BUCKINGHAM. Majesty with speed. I send also some papers apNewmarket, Jan. 28, 1617.

pertaining to that business, which I pray your lordship to have in readiness, if his Majesty call for them. I ever rest

Your lordship's true friend and devoted TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.

servant, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

FR. BACON, CANC.

February 6, 1617. I UNDERSTAND that his Majesty hath been pleased to refer a suit unto him by two of his servants, Robert Maxwell and John Hunt, for the making of sheriffs and escheators patents, to your lordship's TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. consideration. My desire unto your lordship on their behalf is, that you would show them thus

MY AONOURABLE LORD, much favour for my sake, and with as much ex His Majesty marvelleth, that he heareth nothing pedition as may be, and your lordship’s other occa of the business touching the gold and silver thread; || sions may permit, to certify your opinion thereof and therefore hath commanded me to write unto your unto his Majesty ; which I will be ready to acknow- lordship to hasten the despatch of it; and to give ledge, and ever rest

him as speedy an account thereof as you can. And

so I rest Your lordship's faithful servant,

Your lordship's faithful servant, G. BUCKINGHAM.

G. BUCKINGHAM. Newmarket, Feb. 4, 1617.

Newmarket, Feb. 7.

Indorsed, 1617.

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TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.+
MY HONOURABLE LORD,

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. I
Though I had resolved not to write to your lord.
ship in any matter between party and party; yet at

MY HONOURABLE LORD, the earnest request of my noble friend, the lord I UNDERSTAND by this bearer, Edward Hawkins, Norris

, to whom I account myself much beholden, I how great pains your lordship hath taken, in the could not but recommend unto your lordship’s favour business which I recommended to you concerning him, a special friend of his, Sir Thomas Monk, who hath and how favourably your lordship hath used him for a suit before your lordship in the chancery 1 with Sir my sake. For which I give your lordship many Robert Basset ; which, upon the report made unto thanks, and will be ever ready to acknowledge your De thereof, seemeth so reasonable, that I doubt not favour toward him by all the testimonies of bat the cause itself will move your lordship to favour

Your lordship's faithful friend, him, if upon the hearing thereof it shall appear the

G. BUCKINGHAM. same unto your lordship, as at the first sight it doth fue unto me. I therefore desire your lordship to show Theobald's, Feb. 12, 1617. Chin this particular what favour you lawfully may, for

my sake, who will account it as done unto myself;
and will ever rest
Your lordship's faithful servant,

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. *
G. BUCKINGHAM. MY HONOURABLE LORD,
Newmarket, Feb. 4, 1617.

I HAVE acquainted his Majesty with your letter, who liketh well of the course you mention in the

end of your letter, and will speak with you farther Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

+ Ibid.

|| A patent for the monopoly of which was granted to Sir Lord Bacon was afterwards accused by the House of Giles Mompesson and Sir Francis Mitchel, who were punishCommons of having received of Sir Thomas Monk 100 pieces; ed for the abuse of that patent by the parliament, which met which he did not deny, but alleged, that it was after the suit January 30, 1620-1. was ended,

Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

** Ibid. Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

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