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MY LORD,

wherein you had heard his name used, till you had / works by the weightiest instrument, the earl of heard from him. For if you had willingly given your Buckingham, who, as I see, sets him as close to him consent and hand to the recovery of the young as his shirt, the earl speaking in Sir Edward's praise, gentlewoman; and then written both to us, and to and, as it were, menacing in his spirit. him, what inconvenience appeared to you to be in My lord, I imboldened myself to assay the temper such a match; that had been the part indeed of a of my lord of Buckingham to myself, and found it true servant to us, and a true iend to him. But very fervent, misled by information, which yet I first to make an opposition, and then to give ad- find he embraced as truth, and did nobly and plainly vice by way of friendship, is to make the plough go tell me, he would not secretly bite; but whosoever before the horse.

had any interest, or tasted of the opposition to his Thus leaving all the particulars of your carriage, brother's marriage, he would as openly oppose them in this business, to the own proper time, which is to their faces, and they should discern what favour ever the discoverer of truth, we commend you to he had, by the power he would use. God. Given under our signet at Nantwich, in the In the passage between him and me, I stood with fifteenth year of our reign of Great Britain, &c. much confidence upon these grounds.

First, that neither your lordship nor myself had any way opposed, but many ways had farthered, the

fair passage to the marriage. TO THE LORD KEEPER BACON.*

Secondly, that we only wished the manner of Sir Edward's proceedings to have been more temperate,

and more nearly resembling the earl's sweet disIf your man had been addressed only to me, I position. should have been careful to have procured him a Thirdly, that the chiefest check in this business more speedy despatch: but now you have found an was Sir Edward himself, who listened to no advice, other way of address, I am excused; and since you who was so transported with passion, as he purposely are grown weary of employing me, I can be no declined the even way, which your lordship and the otherwise in being employed. In this business of rest of the lords left both him, his lady, and his my brother's that you over-trouble yourself with, daughter, in. I understand from London by some of my friends, Fourthly, I was bold to stand upon my ground; that you have carried yourself with much scorn and and so I said I knew your lordship would, that these neglect both toward myself and friends; which, if were slanders, which were brought him of us both, it prove true, I blame not you, but myself, who was and that it stood not with his honour to give credit ever

to them. Your lordship’s assured friend,

After I had passed these straits with the earl, G. BUCKINGHAM. leaving him leaning still to the first relation of en(July, 1617.]

vious and odious adversaries, I adventured to approach his Majesty, who graciously gave me his hand to kiss, but intermixed withal that I deserved

not that favour, if three or four things were true, TO THE LORD KEEPER.

which he had to object against me.

I was bold to MY LORD,

crave his princely justice; first, to hear, then to I have received your lordship's letter by your judge; which he graciously granted, and said, he man; but having so lately imparted my mind to you wished I could clear myself. I answered I would in my former letters, I refer your lordship to those not appeal to his mercy in any of the points, but letters, without making a needless repetition, and rest would endure the severest censure, if any of them Your lordship's at command,

were true. Whereupon he said, he would reserve G. BUCKINGHAM.

his judgment till he heard me; which could not be Ashton, the 25th of Aug. 1617.

then, his other occasions pressed him so much. All

this was in the hearing of the earl; and I protest, I To my honourable lord, Sir Francis Bacon, knight, think the confidence in my innocency made me deLord Keeper of the great seal of England. part half justified; for I likewise kissed his Majesty's

hand at his departure ; and though out of his grace he commanded my attendance to Warwick, yet upon

my suit he easily inclined to give me the choice, to SIR HENRY YELVERTON, ATTORNEY-GENE- wait on him at Windsor, or at London. RAL, TO THE LORD KEEPER BACON.

Now, my lord, give me leave, out of all my affecMY MOST WORTHY AND HONOURABLE LORD,

tions, that shall ever serve you, to intimate touching

yourself. I DARE not think my journey lost, because I have 1. That every courtier is acquainted, that the with joy seen the face of my master, the king, earl professeth openly against you, as forgetful of though more clouded towards me than I looked for his kindness, and unfaithful to him in your love,

Sir Edward Coke hath not forborne, by any en and in your actions. gine, to heave at your honour, and at myself; and he 2. That he returneth the shame upon himself, in

* From the collections of Robert Stephens, Esq. deceased. not listening to counsel, that dissuaded his affection

from you, and not to mount you so high, not for lordship feareth I am so incensed against you, that bearing in open speech, as divers have told me, and I will hearken to every information that is made this bearer, your gentleman, hath heard also, to tax unto me; this one letter may well make answer you, as if it were an inveterate custom with you, to unto them all. As his Majesty is not apt to give be unfaithful to him, as you were to the earls of ear to any idle report against men of your place; so, Essex and Somerset.

for myself, I will answer, that it is far from my dis3. That it is too common in every man's mouth position, to take any advantage in that kind. And in court, that your greatness shall be abated; and as for your lordship's unkind dealing with me in this your tongue hath been as a razor to some, so shall matter of my brother's, time will try all. His Matheirs be to you.

jesty hath given me commandment to make this 4. That there are laid up for you, to make your answer in his name to your letter to him, that he burden the more grievous, many petitions to his needeth not to make any other answer to you, than Majesty against you.

that which in that letter you make to yourself, that My lord, Sir Edward Coke, as if he were already you know his Majesty to be so judicious, that whatupon his wings, triumphs exceedingly; hath much soever he heareth, he will keep one ear open to private conference with his Majesty; and in public you. Which being indeed his own princely dispodoth offer himself, and thrust upon the king, with as sition, you may be assured of his gracious favour in great boldness of speech, as heretofore.

that kind. It is thought, and much feared, that at Wood I will not trouble your lordship with any longer stock he will again be recalled to the council-table; discourse at this time, being to meet you so shortly, for neither are the earl's ears, nor his thoughts, ever where will be better trial of all that hath passed, off him.

than can be made by letters. So I rest Sir Edward Coke, with much audacity, affirmeth

Your lordship's at command, his daughter to be most deeply in love with Sir John

G. BUCKINGHAM. Villiers ; that the contract pretended with the earl of Oxford is counterfeit; and the letter also, that is Warwick, Sept. 5 [1617]. pretended to have come from the earl.

To the right honourable Sir Francis Bacon, knight, My noble lord, if I were worthy, being the

lord keeper of the great seal of England. meanest of all to interpose my weakness, I would humbly desire,

1. That your lordship fail not to be with his Majesty at Woodstock. The sight of you will fright Advice to the King, for reviving the Commission of

Suits. 2. That you single not yourself from other lords ; but justify the proceedings as all your joint acts ; That which for the present I would have spoken and I little fear but you pass conqueror.

with his Majesty about, as a matter wherein time 3. That you retort the clamour and noise in this may be precious, being upon the tenderest point of business upon Sir Edward Coke, by the violence of all others. For though the particular occasion may his carriage.

be despised, and yet nothing ought to be despised in 4. That you seem not dismayed, but open your this kind, yet the counsel thereupon I conceive to be self bravely and confidently, wherein you can excel most sound and necessary, to avoid future perils. al subjects ; by which means I know you shall There is an examination taken within these few astaze some, and daunt others.

days, by Mr. Attorney, concerning one Baynton, or I have abused your lordship’s patience long; but Baynham, for his name is not yet certain, attested my duty and affection towards your lordship shall by two witnesses, that the said Baynton, without any kave no end: but I will still wish your honour apparent show of being overcome with drink, othergreater, and rest myself

wise than so as might make him less wary to keep Your honour's servant,

secrets, said, that he had been lately with the king,

to petition him for reward of service ; which was HENRY YELVERTON. denied him. Whereupon it was twice in his mind Daventry, Sept. 3, 1617.

to have killed his Majesty. The man is not yet

apprehended, and said by some to be mad, or half I beseech your lordship burn this letter.

mad; which, in my opinion, is not less dangerous ; To the right honourable his singular good lordship, for such men commonly do most mischief; and the the lord keeper of the great seal.

manner of his speaking imported no distraction. But the counsel I would out of my care ground here. upon, is, that his Majesty would revive the commis

sion for suits, which hath been now for these three TO THE LORD KEEPER.

years, or more, laid down. For it may prevent any the like wicked cogitations, which the devil may put

into the mind of a roarer or swaggerer, upon a I have received so many letters lately from your denial: and besides, it will free his Majesty from bordship, that I cannot answer them severally : but much importunity, and save his coffers also. For I the ground of them all being only this, that your am sure when I was a commissioner, in three whole

some.

MY LORD,

MY LORD,

years' space there passed scarce ten suits that were in it. Some of the particular errors committed in allowed. And I doubt now, upon his Majesty's this business he will name, but without accusing any coming home from this journey, he will be much particular persons by name. troubled with petitions and suits; which maketh me Thus your lordship seeth the fruits of my natural think this remedy more seasonable. It is not meant, inclination. I protest, all this time past it was no that suits generally should pass that way, but only small grief unto me to hear the mouth of so many, such suits as his Majesty would be rid on.

upon this occasion, open to load you with innumerIndorsed,

able malicious and detracting speeches, as if no September 21, 1617.

music were more pleasing to my ear, than to rail of

you ; which made me rather regret the ill nature of To revive the commission of suits. For the King. mankind, that, like dogs, love to set upon them that

they see snatched at.

And to conclude, my lord, you have hereby a fair THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM TO THE LORD occasion so to make good hereafter your reputation, KEEPER, SIR FRANCIS BACON.* by your sincere service to his Majesty, as also by

your firm and constant kindness to your friends, as

I may, your lordship's old friend, participate of the I HAVE made his Majesty acquainted with your comfort and honour that will thereby come to you. note concerning that wicked fellow's speeches, Thus I rest at last which his Majesty contemneth, as is usual to his Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, great spirit in these cases. But, notwithstanding,

G. B. his Majesty is pleased, that it shall be exactly tried, whether this foul-mouthed fellow was taken either The force of your old kindness hath made me set with drunkenness or madness, when he spake it. | down this in writing unto you, which some, that And as for your lordship's advice for setting up have deserved ill of me in this action, would be again the commissioners for suits, his Majesty saith, glad to obtain by word of mouth, thongh they be there will be time enough for thinking upon that, far enough from it, for ought I get see. But I beat his coming to Hampton-Court.

seech your lordship to reserve this secretly to yourBut his Majesty's direction, in answer of your self only, till our meeting at Hampton-Court, lest letter, hath given me occasion to join hereunto a his Majesty should be highly offended, for a cause discovery upon the discourse you had with me this that I know. day.t For I do freely confess, that your offer of

Indorsed, submission unto me, and in writing, if so I would

A letter of reconciliation from lord Buckingham, have it, battered so the unkindness, that I had conceived in my heart for your behaviour towards me

after his Majesty's return from Scotland. in my absence, as out of the sparks of my old affection towards you, I went to sound his Majesty's intention towards you, specially in any public meeting; TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM. where I found, on the one part, his Majesty so little satisfied with your late answer unto him, which he

MY VERY GOOD LORD, counted, for I protest I use his own terms, confused It may please your lordship to let his Majesty and childish, and his rigorous resolution, on the understand, that I have spoken with all the judges, other part, so fixed, that he would put some public signifying to them his Majesty's pleasure touching exemplary mark upon you; as I protest the sight | the commendams. They all una voce did reaffirm, of his deep-conceived indignation quenched my that his Majesty's powers, neither the power of the passion, making me upon the instant change from crown, nor the practised power by the archbishop, the person of a party into a peace-maker; so as I as well in the commendam ad recipiendum, as the was forced upon my knees to beg of his Majesty, commendam ad retinendum, are intended to be that he would put no public act of disgrace upon touched; but that the judgment is built upon the you. And as, I dare say, no other person would particular defects and informalities of this commenhave been patiently heard in this suit by his Ma- dam now before them. They received with much jesty but myself; so did I, though not without comfort, that his Majesty took so well at their hands difficulty, obtain thus much, that he would not so the former stay, and were very well content and far disable you from the merit of your future service, desirous, that when judgment is given, there be a as to put any particular mark of disgrace upon your faithful report made of the reason thereof. person. Only thus far his Majesty protesteth, that The accounts of the summer circuits, as well as upon the conscience of his office he cannot omit, that of the lent circuit, shall be ready against his though laying aside all passion, to give a kindly Majesty's coming. They will also be ready with reprimand, at his first sitting in council, to so many some account of their labours concerning Sir Edward of his counsellors as were then here behind, and Coke's Reports : wherein I told them his Majesty's were actors in this business, for their ill behaviour meaning was, not to disgrace the person, but to ree

* This seems to be the letter to which the lord keeper perhaps be believed in such a circumstance as this. See returned an answer, September 22, 1617, printed in his works. Couri and Character of King James I. p. 122.

† At Windsor, according to Sir Antony Weldon, who may

refer you.

tify the work, having in his royal contemplation | middle shires, unto his Majesty, who liketh it very rather posterity than the present.

well. As for the point of law, his Majesty will conThe two points touching the peace of the middle sider of it at more leisure, and then send you his shires, I have put to a consult with some selected opinion thereof. And so I rest judges.

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, The cause of the Egertons I have put off, and

G. BUCKINGHAM. shall presently enter into the treaty of accord, accord

Hinchinbroke, the 22nd ing to his Majesty's commandment, which is well

of Oct. 1617. tasted abroad in respect of his compassion towards those ancient families.

God ever preserve and prosper your lordship, according to the faithful and fervent wishes of

TO THE LORD KEEPER. Your lordship's true friend and devoted servant,

FR. BACON.

MY HONOURABLE LORD, York-house, Oct. 11, 1617.

His Majesty hath spent some time with Sir Lionel Cranfield about his own business, wherewith he acquainted his Majesty. He hath had some confer

ence with your lordship, upon whose report to his TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM.

Majesty of your zeal and care of his service, which MY VERY GOOD LORD,

his Majesty accepteth very well at your hands, he I HAVE reformed the ordinance according to his hath commanded Sir L. Cranfield to attend your Majesty's corrections, which were very material. lordship, to signify his farther pleasure for the And for the first of phrasis non placet, I understand fartherance of his service; unto whose relation I his Majesty, nay farther, I understand myself, the

His Majesty's farther pleasure is, you better for it. I send your lordship therefore six acquaint no creature living with it, he having reprivy seals ; for every court will look to have their solved to rely upon your care and trust only. several warrant. I send also two bills for letters

Thus wishing you all happiness, I rest patents to the two reporters : and for the persons,

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, I send also four names, with my commendations of

G. BUCKINGHAM. those two, for which I will answer upon my know Oct. 26, 1617. ledge. The names must be filled in the blanks: and so they are to be returned.

For the business of the court of wards, your lordship's letter found me in the care of it. There SIR FRANCIS ENGLEFYLD I TO THE LORD fore, according to his Majesty's commandment, by

KEEPER Fou signified, I have sent a letter for his Majesty's signature. And the directions themselves are also

RIGHT HONOURABLE, to be signed. These are not to be returned to me, Give me leave, I beseech your lordship, for want lest the secret come out; but to be sent to my lord of other means, by this paper to let your lordship of Wallingford, as the packets used to be sent. understand, that notwithstanding I rest in no conI do much rejoice to hear of his Majesty's health

tempt, nor have to my knowledge broken any order and good disposition. For me, though I am in- made by your lordship concerning the trust, either cessantly in business, yet the reintegration of your for the payment of money, or assignment of land ; love maketh me find all things easy.

yet, by reason of my close imprisonment, and the God preserve and prosper you.

unusual carriage of this cause against me, I can Your lordship's true friend and devoted servant, get no counsel, who will in open court deliver my

FR. BACON. case unto your lordship. I must therefore humbly York-house, Oct. 18, 1617.

leave unto your lordship's wisdom, how far your lordship will, upon my adversary's fraudulent bill exhibited by the wife without her husband's privity,

extend the most powerful arm of your authority TO THE LORD KEEPER.

against me, who desire nothing but the honest per

formance of a trust, which I know not how to leave, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

if I would. So, nothing doubting but your lordship I Hate delivered the judges' advice, touching the will do what appertaineth to justice, and the emiHarl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

† Ibid. he could prove this holy bishop judge had been bribed by This gentleman was very unfortunate in his behaviour, some that fared well in their causes. A few days after the with regard to those who had the great seal; for in Hilary sentence in the star-chamber, the lord keeper sent for Sir Larm of the year 1623-4, he was fined 30001. by the star-cham- Francis, and told him, he would refute his foul aspersions, ter

, for casting an imputation of bribery on the lord keeper and prove upon him, that he scorned the pelf of the world, or Williams, bishop of Lincoln. MS. Letter of Mr. Chamber to exact, or make lucre of any man: and that for his own laia to Sir Dudley Carleton, dated at London, 1623-4. Sir Prancis had been committed to the Fleet for a contempt of a

part, he forgave him every penny of his fine, and would crave

ihe same mercy towards him from the king. Bishop Hacket's decree in chancery; upon which he was charged, by Sir Life of Archbishop Williams, Part I. pp. 83, 81. Jonu Bennet, with having said before sufficient witness, that

nent place of equity your lordship holdeth, I must, since I cannot understand from your lordship the

TO THE LORD KEEPER.Ş
cause of my late close restraint, rest, during your
lordship's pleasure,

MY HONOURABLE LORD,
Your lordship's close prisoner in the Fleet, The certificate being returned upon the commis-

FR. ENGLEFYLD. sion touching Sir Richard Haughton's alum-mines, Oct. 28, 1617.

I have thought fit to desire your lordship's fartherance in the business, which his Majesty, as your

lordship will see by his letter, much affecteth as a TO THE LORD KEEPER.

bargain for his advantage, and for the present relief

of Sir Richard Haughton. What favour your lordMY HONOURABLE LORD,

ship shall do him therein, I will not fail to acknowI have thought good to renew my motion to your ledge, and will ever rest lordship, in the behalf of my lord Huntingdon, my

Your lordship's faithful servant, lord Stanhope, and Sir Thomas Gerard; for that I am more particularly acquainted with their desires;

G. BUCKINGHAM. they only seeking the true advancement of the

Indorsed, charitable uses, unto which the land, given by their

Received November 16, 1617. grandfather, was intended : which, as I am informed, was meant by way of a corporation, and by this means, that it might be settled upon the schoolmaster, usher, and poor, and the coheirs to be visitors.

TO THE LORD KEEPER.|| The tenants might be conscionably dealt withal ; and so it will be out of the power of any feoffees to

MY HONOURABLE LORD, abuse the trust; which, it hath been lately proved, I have acquainted his Majesty with your lord. have been hitherto the hinderance of this good work. ship’s letter, who liketh well of the judges' opinion These coheirs desire only the honour of their an- you sent unto him, and hath pricked the sheriff of cestor's gift

, and wish the money, misemployed and Buckinghamshire in the roll you sent, which I ordered to be paid into court by Sir John Harper, return signed unto your lordship. may rather be bestowed by your lordship's discretion His Majesty takes very well the pains you have for the augmentation of the foundation of their an- taken in sending to Sir Lionel Cranfield; and desircestors, than by the censure of any other. And so eth you to send to him again, and to quicken him I rest

in the business. Your lordship's servant,

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, G. BUCKINGHAM.

G. BUCKINGHAM. Theobald's, November 12. Indorsed, 1617.

His Majesty liketh well the course taken about his household, wherewith he would have your lordship, and the rest of his council, to go forward.

Newmarket, the 17th of November, 1617.
TO THE LORD KEEPER. I

Indorsed,
MY HONOURABLE LORD,

My lord of Buckingham, showing his Majesty's apThough I had resolved to give your lordship no

probation of the courses held touching the household. more trouble in matters of controversy depending before you, with what importance soever my letters had been; yet the respect I bear unto this gentleman hath so far forced my resolution, as to recommend

TO THE LORD KEEPER unto your lordship the suit, which, I am informed by him, is to receive a hearing before you on Monday

MY HONOURABLE LORD, next, between Barnaby Leigh and Sir Edward Dyer, UNDERSTANDING that Thomas Hukeley, a merplaintiffs, and Sir Thomas Thynne 1 defendant; chant of London, of whom I have heard a good wherein I desire your lordship’s favour on the plain- report, intendeth to bring before your lordship in tiffs so far only as the justice of their cause shall chancery a cause depending between him, in right require. And so I rest

of his wife, daughter of William Austen, and one Your lordship's faithful servant,

John Horsmendon, who married another daughter of

the said Austen; I have thought fit to desire your G. BUCKINGHAM.

lordship to give the said Thomas Hukeley a favourNewmarket, the 15th of Nov.

able hearing when his cause shall come before you; Indorsed, 1617.

and so far to respect him for my sake, as your lord

* Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

+ Ibid.

Thomas Thynne, Esq. assassinated by the followers of Count Eldest son of Sir John Thynne, knight, who died Novem- Coningsmark, February 12, 1682-3. ber 21, 1604. This Sir Thomas's younger son by his first Harl. MSS. Vol. 7006.

| Ibid. wife, Mary, daughter of George, lord Audley, was father of Ibid.

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