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writing. I know these things are majora quam pro as they are chosen and handled. But surely, ubi fortuna : but they are minora quam pro studio et deficiunt remedia ordinaria, recurrendum est ad exoluntate. I assure myself, your Majesty taketh traordinaria. Of this also I am ready to give your not me for one of a busy nature ; for my state being Majesty an account. free from all difficulties, and I having such a large Generally upon this subject of the repair of your field for contemplations, as I have partly, and shall Majesty's means, I beseech your Majesty to give me much more make manifest to your Majesty and the leave to make this judgment, that your Majesty's world, to occupy my thoughts, nothing could make recovery must be by the medicines of the Galenists me active but love and affection. So praying my and Arabians, and not of the Chemists or ParacelGod to bless and favour your person and estate, &c.

sians. For it will not be wrought by any one fine extract, or strong water ; but by a skilful company of a number of ingredients, and those by just weight

and proportion, and that of some simples, which perTO THE KING.

haps of themselves, or in over-great quantity, were

little better than poisons ; but mixed, and broken, IT MAY PLEASE YOUR EXCELLENT MAJESTY,

and in just quantity, are full of virtue. And secondly, I HAVE, with all possible diligence since your that as your Majesty's growing behind-hand hath Majesty's progress, attended the service committed been work of time; so must likewise be your Mato the sub-commissioners, touching the repair and jesty's coming forth and making even. Not but I improvement of your Majesty's means : and this I wish it were by all good and fit means accelerated ; have done, not only in meeting, and conference, and but that I foresee, that if your Majesty shall prodebate with the rest; but also by my several and pound to yourself to do it per saltum, it can hardly private meditation and inquiry. So that, besides be without accidents of prejudice to your honour, joint account, which we shall give to the lords, I safety, or profit. hope I shall be able to give your Majesty somewhat

Indorsed, et proprio. For as no man loveth better consulere

My letter to the King, touching his estale in in commune than I do; neither am I of those fine general, September 18th, 1612. ones, that use to keep back any thing, wherein they think they may win credit apart, and so make the consultation almost inutile. So nevertheless, in cases, where matters shall fall in upon the bye, per- IN HENRICUM PRINCIPEM WALLIÆ ELO. haps of no less worth than that, which is the proper

GIUM FRANCISCI BACONI. subject of the consultation ; or where I find things passed over too slightly, or in cases where that, HENRICUS primogenitus regis Magnæ Britanniæ, which I should advise, is of that nature, as I hold it princeps Walliæ, antea spe beatus, nunc memoria not fit to be communicated to all those with whom felix, diem suum obiit 6 Novemb. anno 1612. Is I am joined; these parts of business I put to my magno totius regni luctu et desiderio extinctus est, private account ; not because I would be officious, utpote adolescens, qui animos hominum nec offen(though I profess I would do works of supereroga- disset nec satiasset. Excitaverat autem propter tion, if I could,) but in a true discretion and caution. bonam indolem multiplices apud plurimos omnium And your Majesty had some taste in those notes, ordinum spes, nec ob brevitatem vitæ frustraverat. which I gave you for the wards, (which it pleased Illud imprimis accessit, quod in causa religionis you to say were no tricks nor novelties, but true firmus vulgo habebatur : prudentioribus quoque hoc passages of business,) that mine own particular re- animo penitus insederat, adversus insidias conjuramembrances and observations are not like to be un- tionum, cui malo ætas nostra vix remedium reperit, profitable. Concerning which notes for the wards, patri eum instar præsidii et scuti fuisse, adeo ut et "hough I might say, sic vos non vobis ; yet let that religionis et regis apud populum amor in eum repass.

dundaret, et in æstimationem jacturæ merito annuI have also considered fully of that great propo- meraretur. Erat corpore validus et erectus, statura sition, which your Majesty commended to my care mediocri, decora membrorum compage, incessu regio, and study, touching the conversion of your revenue facie oblonga et in maciem inclinante, habitu pleof land into a multiplied present revenue of rent: nior, vultu composito, oculorum motu magis sedato * herein I say, I have considered of the means and

Inerant quoque et in fronte severitatis course to be taken, of the assurance, of the rates, of signa, et in ore nonnihil fastus. Sed tamen si quis the exceptions, and of the arguments for and against ultra exteriora illa penetraverat, et eum obsequi deit. For though the project itself be as old as I can bito et sermone tempestivo deliniverat, utebatur eo remember, and falleth under every man's capacity ; benigno et facili, ut alius longe videretur colloquio yet the dispute and manage of it asketh a great quam aspectu, talisque prorsus erat, qui famam sui deal of consideration and judgment; projects being excitaret moribus dissimilem. Laudis et gloriæ fuit like Æsop's tongues, the best meat and the worst, procul dubio appetens, et ad omnem speciem boni bat which drew from him devices and remonstrances still ex- probable supposition, that this character was intended to be taat, which that king, not being very ready to profit by, con- sent to Thuanus, in order to be inserted in his excellent hiscessed some resentment against his old servant, and even re- tory, if he should have continued it to the year 1612, whereas ained it against his memory,

it reached only to 1607. • Harl. MSS. Vol. 1893. fol. 75. It seems to me no im

quam forti.

et auram decoris commovebatur; quod adolescenti | The following translation is an attempt, for the sake pro virtutibus est. Nam et arma ei in honore erant of the English reader, to give the sense of the ac viri militares; quin et ipse quiddam bellicum original, without pretending to reach the force and spirabat; et magnificentiæ operum, licet pecuniæ conciseness of expression peculiar to the great alioquin satis parcus, deditus erat : amator insuper writer as well as to the Roman language. antiquitatis et artium. Literis quoque plus honoris attribuit quam temporis. In moribus ejus nihil Henry Prince of Wales, eldest son of the king of laudandum magis fuit, quam quod in omni genere Great Britain, happy in the hopes conceived of him, officiorum probe institutus credebatur et congruus: and now happy in his memory, died on the 6th of filius regi patri mire obsequens, etiam reginam multo Nov. 1612, to the extreme concern and regret of the cultu demerebat, erga fratrem indulgens ; sororem whole kingdom, being a youth, who had neither vero unice amabat, quam etiam, quantum potuit offended nor satiated the minds of men. He had virilis forma ad eximiam virginalem pulchritudinem by the excellence of his disposition excited high excollata, referebat. Etiam magistri et educatores pectations among great numbers of all ranks; nor pueritiæ ejus, quod raro fieri solet, magna in gratia had through the shortness of his life disappointed apud eum manserant. Sermone vero obsequii idem them. One capital circumstance added to these was exactor et memor. Denique in quotidiano vitæ ge- the esteem, in which he was commonly held, of nere, et assignatione horarum ad singula vitæ munera, being firm to the cause of religion : and men of the magis quam pro ætate constans atque ordinatus. best judgment were fully persuaded, that his life was Affectus ei inerant non nimium vehementes, et po- a great support and security to his father from the tius æquales quam magni. Etenim de rebus ama- danger of conspiracies ; an evil, against which our toriis mirum in illa ætate silentium, ut prorsus age has scarce found a remedy ; so that the people's lubricum illud adolescentiæ suæ tempus in tanta for love of religion and the king overflowed to the tuna, et valetudine satis prospera, absque aliqua in- prince: and this consideration deservedly heightened signi nota amorum transigeret. Nemo reperiebatur the sense of the loss of him. His person was strong in aula ejus apud eum præpotens, aut in animo ejus and erect; his stature of a middle size; his limbs validus : quin et studia ipsa, quibus capiebatur well made ; his gait and deportment majestic; his maxime, potius tempora patiebantur quam excessus, face long and inclining to leanness; his habit of et magis repetita erant per vices, quam quod extaret body full ; his look grave, and the motion of his eyes aliquod unum, quod reliqua superaret et compesceret, rather composed than spirited. In his countenance sive ea moderatio fuit, sive in natura non admodum were some marks of severity, and in his air some præcoci, sed lente maturescente, non cernebantur appearance of haughtiness. But whoever looked adhuc quæ prævalitura erant. Ingenio certe polle- beyond these outward circumstances, and addressed bat, eratque et curiosus satis et capax, sed sermone and softened him with a due respect and seasonable tardior et tanquam impeditus : tamen si quis dili- discourse, found the prince to be gracious and easy; genter observaverat ea, quæ ab eo proferebantur, so that he seemed wholly different in conversation sive quæstionis vim obtinebant, sive sententiæ, ad from what he was in appearance, and in fact raised rem omnino erant, et captum non vulgarem argue- | in others an opinion of himself very unlike what his bant; ut in illa loquendi tarditate et raritate judicium manner would at first have suggested. He was ejus magis suspensum videretur et anxium, quam unquestionably ambitious of commendation and glory, infirmum aut hebes. Interim audiendi miris modis and was strongly affected by every appearance of patiens, etiam in negotiis, quæ in longitudinem por- what is good and honourable ; which in a young rigebantur; idque cum attentione et sine tædio, ut man is to be considered as virtue. Arms and miliraro animo peregrinaretur aut fessa mente aliquid tary men were highly valued by him; and he ageret, sed ad ea, quæ dicebantur, aut agebantur, breathed himself something warlike. He was much animum adverteret atque applicaret; quod magnam devoted to the magnificence of buildings and works ei, si vita suppetiisset, prudentiam spondebat. Certe of all kinds, though in other respects rather frugal; in illius principis natura plurima erant obscura, ne- and was a lover both of antiquity and arts. He que judicio cujuspiam patefacienda, sed tempore, showed his esteem of learning in general more by quod ei præreptum est. Attamen quæ appare- the countenance which he gave to it, than by the bant, optima erant, quod famæ satis est. Mortuus time which he spent in it. His conduct in respect est ætatis suæ anno decimo nono ex febri con- of morals did him the utmost honour; for he was tumaci, quæ ubique a magnis et insulanis fere inso- thought exact in the knowledge and practice of litis siccitatibus ac fervoribus orta per æstatem every duty. His obedience to the king his father populariter grassabatur, sed raro funere ; dein sub was wonderfully strict and exemplary : towards the autumnum erat facta lethalior. Addidit fama atro- queen he behaved with the highest reverence: to his cior, ut ille * ait, erga dominantium exitus sus- brother he was indulgent; and had an entire affecpicionem veneni. Sed cum nulla ejus rei extarent tion for his sister, whom he resembled in person as indicia, præsertim in ventriculo, quod præcipue a much as that of a young man could the beauty of a veneno pati solet, is sermo cito evanuit.

virgin. The instructors of his younger years (which rarely happens) continued high in his favour. In conversation he both expected a proper decorum, and

practised it. In the daily business of life, and the • Tacit. Annal. l. iv. 11.

allotment of hours for the several offices of it, he was more constant and regular than is usual at his petition of certain baronets † made unto your Maage. His affections and passions were not strong, jesty for confirmation and extent or explanation of but rather equal than warm. With regard to that certain points mentioned in their charter; and am of love, there was a wonderful silence, considering of opinion, that first, whereas it is desired, that the his age, so that he passed that dangerous time of baronets be declared a middle degree between baron his youth, in the highest fortune, and in a vigorous and knight, I hold this to be reasonable as to their state of health, without any remarkable imputation placing. of gallantry. In his court no person was observed Secondly, where it is desired, that unto the words to have any ascendant over him, or strong interest degree or dignity of baron, the word honour might with him: and even the studies, with which he was be added : I know very well, that in the preface of most delighted, had rather proper times assigned the baronet's patent it is mentioned, that all honours them, than were indulged to excess, and were rather are derived from the king. I find also, that in the repeated in their turns, than that any one kind of patent of the baronets, which are marshalled under them had the preference of, and controlled the rest: the barons, except it be certain principals, the word whether this arose from the moderation of his tem- honour is granted. I find also, that the word dig. per, and that in a genius not very forward, but nity is many times in law a superior word to the ripening by slow degrees, it did not yet appear what word honour, as being applied to the king himself, would be the prevailing object of his inclination. all capital indictments concluding contra coronam et He had certainly strong parts, and was endued with dignitatem nostram. It is evident also, that the both curiosity and capacity ; but in speech he was words honour and honourable are used in these times slow, and in some measure hesitating. But whoever in common speech very promiscuously. Neverthediligently observed what fell from him either by less, because the style of honour belongs chiefly to way of question or remark, saw it to be full to the peers and counsellors, I am doubtful what opinion purpose, and expressive of no common genius. So to give therein. that under that slowness and infrequency of discourse, Thirdly, whereas it is believed, that if there be his judgment had more the appearance of suspense any question of precedence touching baronets, it and solicitude to determine rightly, than of weakness may be ordered that the same be decided by the and want of apprehension. In the mean time he was commissioners marshal, I do not see but it may be wonderfully patient in hearing, even in business of granted them for avoiding disturbances. the greatest length ; and this with unwearied atten- Fourthly, for the precedence of baronets, I find tion, so that his mind seldom wandered from the no alteration or difficulty, except it be in this, that subject, or seemed fatigued, but he applied himself the daughters of baronets are desired to be declared wholly to what was said or done : which (if his life to have precedence before the wives of knights' had been lengthened) promised a very superior de eldest sons; which, because it is a degree hereditary, gree of prudence. There were indeed in the prince and that in all examples, the daughters in general some things obscure, and not to be discovered by the have place next the eldest brothers' wives, I hold sagacity of any person, but by time only, which was convenient. denied him; but what appeared were excellent, Lastly, whereas it is desired, that the apparent which is sufficient for his fame.

heirs males of the bodies of the baronets may be He died in the 19th year of his age of an obsti- knighted during the life of their fathers; for that I rate fever, which during the summer, through the have received from the lord chamberlain a signifiexcessive heat and dryness of the season, unusual to cation, that your Majesty did so understand it, I Islands, had been epidemical, though not fatal, but humbly subscribe thereunto, with this, that the ba

autumn became more mortal. Fame, which, as ronets' eldest sons being knights do not take place Tacitus says, is more tragical with respect to the of ancient knights, so long as their fathers live. deaths of princes, added a suspicion of poison : but All which nevertheless I humbly submit to your 26 no signs of this appeared, especially in his Majesty's better judgment. stomach, which uses to be chiefly affected by poison, Your Majesty's most humble and most bounden this report soon vanished.

servant,

FR. BACON.

TO THE KING.

THE CHARGE AGAINST MR. WHITELOCKE.I MAY IT PLEASE YOUR MAJESTY, ACCORDING to your highness's pleasure signified

MY LORDS, by my lord chamberlain, * I have considered of the The offence, wherewith Mr. Whitelocke is Thomas Howard, earl of Suffolk.

his opinion to Sir Robert Mansell, treasurer of the navy and • The order of baronets was created by patent of king vice-admiral, that the commission to the earl of Nottingham, Janes I. dated the 22d of May, 1611. The year following, a lord high admiral, for reviewing and reforming the disorders Cecree was made relating to their place and precedence, and committed by the officers of the navy, was not according to fter years after, namely, in 1616, another decree to the same law; though Mr. Whitelocke had given that opinion only in Fipse... See Selden's Titles of Honour, Part II. Ch. V. | private to his client, and not under his hand. Sir Robert Manp. $21. Ch. XI. p. 906, and 910. 2d Edit. fol. 1631.

sell was also committed to the Marshalsea, for animating the He had been committed, in May 1613, to the Fleet, for lord admiral against the commission. [Sir Ralph Winwood's peakleg too boldly against the marshal's court, and for giving Memorials of State, vol. iii. p. 160.] 'This Mr. Whitelocko

VOL. II.

M

charged, for as to Sir Robert Mansell, I take it to counsel, for you have lawyers sometimes too nice my part only to be sorry for his error, is a contempt as well as too bold, they are then ruled and assigned of a high nature, and resting upon two parts : on the to be of counsel. For certainly counsel is the blind one, a presumptuous and licentious censure and de- man's guide ; and sorry I am with all my heart, that fying of his Majesty's prerogative in general; the in this case the blind did lead the blind. other, a slander and traducement of one act or eman- For the offence, for which Mr. Whitelocke is ation hereof, containing a commission of survey and charged, I hold it great, and to have, as I said at reformation of abuses in the office of the navy. first, two parts: the one a censure, and, as much as

This offence is fit be opened and set before your in him is, a circling, nay a clipping, of the king's lordships, as it hath been well begun, both in the prerogative in general; the other, a slander, and true state and in the true weight of it. For as I depravation of the king's power and honour in this desire, that the nature of the offence may appear in commission. its true colours; so, on the other side, I desire, that And for the first of these, I consider it again in the shadow of it may not darken or involve any three degrees: first, that he presumed to censure thing that is lawful, or agreeable with the just and the king's prerogative at all. Secondly, that he reasonable liberty of the subject.

runneth into the generality of it more than was perFirst, we must and do agree, that the asking, and tinent to the present question. And lastly, that he taking, and giving of counsel in law is an essential hath erroneously, and falsely, and dangerously given part of justice; and to deny that, is to shut the gate opinion in derogation of it. of justice, which in the Hebrews' commonwealth was First, I make a great difference between the therefore held in the gate, to show all passage to king's grants and ordinary commissions of justice, justice must be open : and certainly counsel in law and the king's high commissions of regiment, or is one of the passages.

But yet, for all that, this mixed with causes of state. liberty is not infinite and without limits.

For the former, there is no doubt but they may If a jesuited papist should come, and ask counsel be freely questioned and disputed, and any defect in (I put a case not altogether feigned) whether all the matter or form stood upon, though the king be many acts of parliament made in the time of queen Eliza- times the adverse party : beth and king James are void or no; because there But for the latter sort, they are rather to be dealt are no lawful bishops sitting in the upper house, with, if at all, by a modest and humble intimation and a parliament must consist of lords spiritual and or remonstrance to his Majesty and his council, than temporal and commons; and a lawyer will set it by bravery of dispute or peremptory opposition. under his hand, that they be all void, I will touch Of this kind is that properly to be understood, him for high treason upon this his counsel. which is said in Bracton, “De chartis et factis regiis

So, if a puritan preacher will ask counsel, whether non debent aut possunt justitiarii aut privatæ perhe may style the king Defender of the Faith, be- sonæ disputare, sed tutius est, ut expectetur sentencause he receives not the discipline and presbytery ; ( tia regis." and the lawyer will tell him, it is no part of the And the king's courts themselves have been exking's style, it will go hard with such a lawyer. ceeding tender and sparing in it; so that there is in

Or if a tribunitious popular spirit will go and ask all our law not three cases of it. And in that very a lawyer, whether the oath and band of allegiance case of 24 Ed. 3. ass. pl. s. which Mr. Whitelocke be to the kingdom and crown only, and not to the vouched, where, as it was a commission to arrest a king, as was Hugh Spencer's case, and he deliver man, and to carry him to prison, and to seize his his opinion as Hugh Spencer did; he will be in goods without any form of justice or examination Hugh Spencer's danger.

preceding; and that the judges saw it was obtained So as the privilege of giving counsel proveth not by surreption ; yet the judges said they would all opinions: and as some opinions given are traitor- keep it by them, and show it to the king's council. ous; so are there others of a much inferior nature, But Mr. Whitelocke did not advise his client to acwhich are contemptuous. And among these I reckon quaint the king's council with it, but presumptuously Mr. Whitelocke's; for as for his loyalty and true giveth opinion, that it is void. Nay, not so much heart to the king, God forbid I should doubt it. as a clause or passage of modesty, as that he sub

Therefore let no man mistake so far, as to con- mits his opinion to censure; that it is too great a ceive, that any lawful and due liberty of the subject matter for him to deal in; or this is my opinion, for asking counsel in law is called in question when which is nothing, &c. But illotis manibus, he takes points of disloyalty or of contempt are restrained. it into his hands, and pronounceth of it, as a man Nay, we see it is the grace and favour of the king would scarcely do of a warrant of a justice of peace, and his courts, that if the case be tender, and a wise and speaks like a dictator, that this is law, and this lawyer in modesty and discretion refuseth to be of is against law, &c.* was probably the same with James Whitelocke, who was born should refuse, as he did in particular except to Mr. Whitein London, 28th November, 1572, educated at Merchant- locke by name. (MS. letter of Mr. Chamberlain to Sir Dudley taylors' school there, and St. John's college in Oxford, and Carleton, November 14, 1618.) Mr. Whitelocke, however, stúdied law in the Middle Temple, of which he was summer was called to the degree of serjeant in Trinity-term, 162), reader in 1619. In the preceding year, 1618, he stood for the knighted, made chief justice of Chester; and ai last, on the place of recorder of the city of London, but was not elected to 18th of October, 1624, one of the justices of the king's beach; it, Robert Heath, Esq. being chosen on the 10th of November, in wbich post he died June, 1632. He was father of Bulstrode chiefly by the recommendation of the king, the city having Whitelockc, Esq., commissioner of the great seal. been told, that they must choose none, whom his Majesty Sir H. Wotton, in a letter of his to Sir Edmund Bacon, be like Noah's dove, not knowing where to rest our ROBERT EARL OF SOMERSET TO SIR THO-feet.

For the places of rest, after the extreme MAS OVERBURY.* FROM A COPY AMONG painful places, wherein we serve, have used to be LORD BACON'S PAPERS IN THE LAMBETH either the lord chancellor's place, or the mastership LIBRARY,

of the rolls, or the places of the chief justices :

whereof, for the first, I could be almost loth to live Sie,

to see this worthy counsellor fail. The mastership I have considered that my answer to you, and of the rolls is blocked with a reversion.|| My lord what I have otherwise to say, will exceed the Coke is like to out-live us both. So as if this turn bounds of a letter; and now having not much time fail, I for my part know not whither to look. I to use betwixt my waiting on the king, and the re- have served your Majesty above a prenticehood, mores we do make in this our little progress, I full seven years and more, as your solicitor, which thought fit to use the same man to you, whom I have is, I think, one of the painfullest places in your heretofore many times employed in the same busi- kingdom, specially as my employments have been ; ness. He has, besides an account and a better and God hath brought mine own years to fifty-two, description of me to give you, to make a repetition which I think is older than ever any solicitor conof the former carriages of all this business, that you tinued unpreferred. My suit is principally, that may distinguish that, which he did by knowledge of you would remove Mr. Attorney to the place. If mine and direction, and betwixt that he did out of he refuse, then I hope your Majesty will seek no his own discretion without my warrant. With all farther than myself, that I may at last, out of your this he has to renew to you a former desire of mine, Majesty's grace and favour, step forwards to a place which was the groundwork of this, and the chief either of more comfort or more ease. Besides, how errand of his coming to you, wherein I desire your necessary it is for your Majesty to strengthen your answer by him. I would not employ this gentleman service amongst the judges by a chief justice, which to you, if he were, as you conceit of him, your un- is sure to your prerogative, your Majesty knoweth. friend, or an ill instrument betwixt us. So owe him Therefore I cease farther to trouble your Majesty, the testimony of one, that has spoken as honestly, humbly craving pardon, and relying wholly upon and given more praises of you, than any man, that your goodness and remembrance, and resting in all has spoken to me.

true humbleness, My haste at this time makes me to end sooner Your Majesty's most devoted, and faithful subthan I expected: but the subject of my next sending ject and servant, shall be to answer that part you give me in your

FR. BACON. love, with a return of the same from Your assured loving Friend,

R. SOMERSET. Reasons why it should be exceeding much for his Indorsed,

Majesty's service to remove the lord Coke from Lord Somerset's first letter.

the place he now holdeth I to be chief justice of England,** and the attorneytt to succeed him, and

the solicitor If the attorney. TO THE KING.

First, it will strengthen the king's causes great

ly amongst the judges; for both my lord Coke will IT MAY PLEASE your most EXCELLENT MAJESTY, think himself near a privy counsellor's place, and Having understood of the death of the lord chief thereupon turn obsequious; and the attorney-genejustice, t I do ground in all humbleness an assured ral, a new man, and a grave person, in a judge's hope, that your Majesty will not think of any other place, will come in well to the other, and hold him bat your poor servants, your attorney, and your so- hard to it, not without emulation between them, who licitor, one of them, for that place. Else we shall shall please the king best. Relig

. Wotlom, p.421, edit. 3d, } written about the beginning both the prisoners to the king, in lieu of innocency, and to inJune, 1613, mentions, that Sir Robert Mansell and Mr. tercede for his gracious pardon: which was done, and accordWnitelycke were, on the Saturday before, called to a very ingly the next day they were enlarged upon a submission waarable bearing in the queen's presence-chamber at White- under writing.” fail

, before the lords of the council, with intervention of the * He was committed to the Tower on the 21st of April, 1613, led chief justice Coke, the lord chief baron Tanfield, and the and died there of poison on the 15th of September following. Luster of the rolls; the lord chief justice of the king's bench, † Sir Thomas Fleming, who died about August, 1613. Fleming, being kept at home by some infirmity. There the Sir Henry Hobart, who was made lord chief justice of attorney and solicitor first undertook Mr. Whitelocke, and the common pleas, November 26, 1613, in the room of Sir Le recorder, (Henry Montagu,) as the king's serjeant, Sir Edward Coke, removed to the post of lord chief justice of the kubert Mansell

, charging the one as a counsellor, the other as king's bench, October 25. * questioner, in matters of the king's prerogative and sove- şi Sir Francis Bacon himself, who was appointed attorneyPipety upon occasion of a commission intended for a research general, October 27, 1613. Ito the administration of the admiralty. “Whitelocke in his | To Sir Julius Cæsar. ister,” adds Sir Henry Wotton, “ speaks more confusedly of chief justice of the common pleas, having been apDas was expected from a lawyer; and the knight more tem- pointed to that office June 30, 1606. Derately than was expected from a soldier .... Whitelocke ** He was advanced to that office October 25, 1613. sted his speech with an absolute confession of his own offence, ti Sir Henry Hobart, who had been appointed attorneyand with a promise of employing himself hereafter in defence general July 4, 1606. of the king's prerogative.... In this they generally agreed, Sir Francis Bacon, who had been sworn solicitor-geneBiebe counsellors and judges, to represent the humiliation of ral June 25, 1607.

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