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And so

when I have made it known; and so leave it to TO SIR THOMAS EGERTON, LORD KEEPER your lordship’s honourable consideration. OF THE GREAT SEAL.

with signification of my humble duty, &c. IT MAY PLEASE YOUR LORDSHIP, I am to make humble complaint to your lordship of some hard dealing offered me by one Sympson,

TO SIR ROBERT CECIL, SECRETARY OF a goldsmith, a man noted much, as I have heard,

STATE.I for extremities and stoutness upon his purse; but

IT MAY PLEASE YOUR HONOUR, yet I could scarcely have imagined, he would have dealt either so dishonestly towards myself, or so I HUMBLY pray you to understand how badly I contemptuously towards her Majesty's service. For have been used by the enclosed, being a copy of a this Lombard, pardon me, I most humbly pray your letter of complaint thereof which I have written to lordship, if, being admonished by the street he dwells the lord keeper. How sensitive you are of wrongs in, I give him that name, having me in bond for offered to your blood in my particular, I have had 3001. principal, and I having the last term confessed not long since experience. But herein I think your the action, and by his full and direct consent re- honour will be doubly sensitive, in tenderness also spited the satisfaction till the beginning of this term of the indignity to her Majesty's service. For as to come, without ever giving me warning, either by for me, Mr. Sympson might have had me every day letter or message, served an execution upon me, in London; and therefore to belay me, while he having trained me at such time, as I came from the knew I came from the Tower about her Majesty's Tower, where, Mr. Waad can witness, we attended special service, was to my understanding very bold. a service of no mean importance.t. Neither would And two days before he brags he forbore me, behe so much as vouchsafe to come and speak with cause I dined with sheriff More. So as with Mr. me to take any order in it, though I sent for him Sympson, examinations at the Tower are not so divers times, and his house was just by ; hand- great a privilege, eundo et redeundo, as sheriff More's ling it as upon a despite, being a man I never pro- dinner. But this complaint I make in duty; and voked with a cross word, no nor with many delays. to that end have also informed my lord of Essex He would have urged it to have had me in prison; thereof; for otherwise his punishment will do me which he had done, had not sheriff More, to whom no good. I sent, gently recommended me to a handsome So with signification of my humble duty, I comhouse in Coleman-street, where I am. Now be. mend your honour to the divine preservation. cause he will not treat with me, I am enforced hum- At your honourable command particularly, bly to desire your lordship to send for him, accord

FR, BACON. ing to your place, to bring him to some reason; and

From Coleman-street, this this forth with, because I continue here to my farther

24th of September (1598.] discredit and inconvenience, and the trouble of the gentleman with whom I am. I have a hundred pounds lying by me, which he may have, and the rest upon some reasonable time and security ; or if The Substance of a Letter I ş now wish your Lordneed be, the whole ; but with my more trouble.

ship || should write to her Majesty. As for the contempt he hath offered, in regard her Majesty's service, to my understanding, carrieth a That you desire her Majesty to believe id, quod, privilege eundo et redeundo in meaner causes, much res ipsa loquitur, that it is not conscience to yourself more in matters of this nature, especially in per- of any advantage her Majesty hath towards you, othersons known to be qualified with that place and em- wise than the general and infinite advantage of a ployment, which, though unworthy, I am vouchsafed, queen and a mistress; nor any drist or device to I enforce nothing, thinking I have done my part, win her Majesty to any point or particular, that moveth you to send her these lines of your own Therefore your most humble suit to her Majesty mind. But first, and principally, gratitude ; next, a is, that she will vouchsafe you that approach to her natural desire of, you will not say, the tedious re- heart and bosom, et ad scrinium pectoris, plainly, for membrance, for you can hold nothing tedious, that as much as concerneth yourself, to open and expound hath been derived from her Majesty ; but the trou- her mind towards you, suffering you to see clear what bled and pensive remembrance of that which is past, may have bred any dislike in her Majesty; and of enjoying better times with her Majesty, such as in what points she would have you reform yourself; others have had, and that you have wanted. You and how she would be served by you. Which done, cannot impute the difference to the continuance of you do assure her Majesty, she shall be both at the time, which addeth nothing to her Majesty but in- beginning and the ending of all, that you do, of crease of virtue ; but rather to your own misfortune that regard, as you may presume to impart to her or errors. Wherein nevertheless, if it were only Majesty. question of your own endurances, though any strength And so that hoping, that this may be an occasion never so good may be oppressed, yet you think you of some farther serenity from her Majesty towards should have suffocated them, as you had often done, you, you refer the rest to your actions, which may to the impairing of your health, and weighing down verify what you have written; as that you have of your mind. But that, which indeed toucheth the written may interpret your actions, and the course quick, is that, whereas you accounted it the choice you shall hereafter take. fruit of yourself to be a contentment and entertain. ment to her Majesty's mind, you found many times

* From the original in the Hatfield collection of state pa- utter to any body else.” In another letter dated 20 November, pers, communicated to me by the Rev. William Murden, 1598, Mr. Chamberlain observes, that on “the day that they B.D. and intended by hin for the public in a third volume of looked for Stanley's arraignment, he came not himself, but the collection of those papers, if his death had not prevented sent his forerunner, one Squire, that had been an under purhim from executing his design.

veyor of the stable, who being in Spain was dealt withal by † It is not easy to determine what this service was; but it one Walpole, a jesuit, to poison the queen and the earl of scems to relate to the examination of some prisoner; perhaps Essex; and accordingly, came prepared into England, and Edward Squire, executed in November, 1598, for poisoning went with the earl in his own ship the last journey, and the queen's saddle; or Valentine Thomas, who accused the poisoned the arms or handles of the chair he used to sit in, king of Scots of practices against queen Elizabeth, [ Historical with a confection he had received of the Jesuit; as likewise View, p. 178,] or one Stanley; concerning whom I shall in- he had done the pommel of the queen's saddle not past five sert here passages from two M$. letters of John Chamberlain, days before his going to sea. But because nothing succeeded Esq., to his friend, Dudley Carleton, Esq., afterwards ambas- of it, the priest thinking he had either changed his purpose, sador to Venice, the United Provinces, and France; these or betrayed it, gave Stanley instructions to accuse him ; letters being part of a very large collection, from 1598 to 1625, thereby to get him more credit, and to be revenged of which I transcribed from the originals. “ One Stanley," says Squire for breaking promise. The fellow confessed the whole Mr. Chamberlain, in his letter dated at London, 3 October, practice, and, as it seemed, died very penitent.” 1598, “that caine in sixteen days over land with letters out From the Hatfield collection. of Spain, is lately committed to the Tower. He was very Francis Bacon. earnest to have private conference with her Majesty, pretend- Robert earl of Essex. ing matter of great importance, which he would by no means

Indorsed by Mr. Francis Bacon, to the contrary, that you were rather a disquiet to A letter framed for my lord of Essex to the queen. her, and a distaste.

Again, whereas in the course of her service, though you confess the weakness of your own judg

TO MR. SECRETARY CECIL.* ment, yet true zeal, not misled with any mercenary por glorious respect, made you light sometimes upon IT MAY PLEASE YOUR HONOUR, the best and soundest counsels; you had reason to BECAUSE we live in an age, where every man's sear, that the distaste particular against yourself imperfection is but another's fable; and that there made her Majesty farther off from accepting any of fell out an accident in the exchequer, which I know them from such a hand. So as you seemed, to your not how, nor how soon may be traduced, though I deep discomfort, to trouble her Majesty's mind, and dare trust rumour in it, except it be malicious, or to foil her business ; inconveniences, which, if extreme partial; I am bold now to possess your you be minded as you ought, thankfulness should honour, as one, that ever found careful of my adteach you to redeem, with stepping down, nay throw- vancement, and yet more jealous of my wrongs, with ing yourself down, from your own fortune. In which the truth of that which passed; deferring my intricate case, finding no end of this former course, farther request, until I may attend your honour : and therefore desirous to find the beginning of a and so I continue new, you have not whither to resort, but unto the

Your honour's very humble and particularly oracle of her Majesty's direction. For though the bounden, true introduction ad tempora meliora be by an amnestia

FR. BACON. of that which is past, except it be in the sense, that

Gray’s-Inn, this 24th of April, 1601. the verse speaketh, Olim hæc meminisse juvabit, when tempests past are remembered in the calm ; and that you do not doubt of her Majesty's goodness in pardoning and obliterating any of your errors and

A true remembrance of the abuse I received of Mr. mistakings heretofore ; refreshing the memory and

Attorney-General publicly in the eachequer the contemplations of your poor services, or any thing that hath been grateful to her Majesty from you;

first day of term; for the truth whereof I refer Tea, and somewhat of your sufferings, so though

myself to all that were present. that be, yet you may be to seek for the time to come. I moved to have a reseizure of the lands of George For as you have determined your hope in a good More, a relapsed recusant, a fugitive, and a hour, not willingly to offend her Majesty, either in practising traitor ; and showed better matter for the matter of court or state, but to depend absolutely queen against the discharge by plea, which is ever upon her will and pleasure; so you do more doubt with a salvo jure. And this I did in as gentle and and mistrust your wit and insight in finding her Ma- reasonable terms as might be. jesty's mind, than your conformities and submission Mr. Attorney kindled at it, and said, “Mr. Bacon, in obeying it; the rather, because you cannot but if you have any tooth against me, pluck it out; for nourish a doubt in your breast, that her Majesty, as it will do you more hurt than all the teeth in your princes' hearts are inscrutable, hath many times to head will do you good.” I answered coldly in these wards you aliud in ore et aliud in corde. So that very words: “Mr. Attorney, I respect you: I fear you, that take her secundum literam, go many times you not : and the less you speak of your own greatfarther out of your way.

ness, the more I will think of it." • Prom the Hatfield collection.

1603; and made lord chief justice of the common pleas + Erward Coke, knighted by king James at Greenwich in 30 June, 1606.

He replied, “I think scorn to stand upon terms | little as I can in the king's causes, his Majesty now of greatness towards you, who are less than little ; abounding in council; and to follow my private less than the least :” and other such strange light thrift and practice and to marry with some conterms he gave me, with that insulting, which cannot venient advancement. For as for any ambition, I be expressed.

do assure your honour, mine is quenched. In the Here with stirred, yet I said no more but this : queen's, my excellent mistress's, time, the quorum “Mr. Attorney, do not depress me so far; for I have was small: her service was a kind of freehold, and been your better, and may be again, when it please it was a more solemn time. All those points agreed the queen."

with my nature and judgment. My ambition now With this he spake, neither I nor himself could I shall only put upon my pen, whereby I shall be tell what, as if he had been born attorney-general; able to maintain memory and merit of the times and in the end bade me not meddle with the queen's succeeding. business, but with mine own; and that I was un- Lastly, for this divulged and almost prostituted sworn,

&c. I told him, sworn or unsworn was all title of knighthood, I could without charge, by your one to an honest man; and that I ever set my service honour's mean, be content to have it, both because first, and myself second; and wished to God, that he of this late disgrace, and because I have three new would do the like.

knights in my mess in Gray's-Inn commons; and Then he said, it were good to clap a cap. utlega- because I have found out an alderman's daughter, tum upon my back! To which I only said he could a handsome maiden, to my liking. So as if your not; and that he was at a fault; for he hunted upon honour will find the time, I will come to the court an old scent.

from Gorhambury, upon any warning. He gave me a number of disgraceful words be- How my sales go forward, your lordship shall in sides; which I answered with silence, and showing a few days hear. Meanwhile, if you will not be that I was not moved with them.

pleased to take farther day with this lewd fellow, I hope your lordship will not suffer him to take any part of the penalty, but principal, interest, and costs.

So I remain your lordship’s most bounden, TO ROBERT, LORD CECIL.*

FR. BACON, IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP,

3 July, 1603. They say late thanks are ever best. But the reason was, I thought to have seen your lordship ere this. Howsoever I shall never forget this your

TO THE SAME. last favour amongst others ; and it grieveth me not a little, that I find myself of no use to such an

IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP, honourable and kind friend.

In answer of your last letter, your money shall For that matter, I think I shall desire your assist be ready before your day, principal, interest, and ance for the punishment of the contempt; not that costs of suit. So the sheriff promised when I reI would use the privilege in future time, but because leased errors; and a Jew takes no more. The rest I would not have the dignity of the king's service cannot be forgotten ; for I cannot forget your lordprejudiced in my instance. But herein I will be ruled ship’s dum memor ipse mei; and if there have been by your lordship.

aliquid nimis, it shall be amended. And, to be plain It is fit likewise, though much against my mind, with your lordship, that will quicken me that I let your lordship know, that I shall not be able which slackened me before. Then I thought you to pay the money within the time by your lordship might have had more use of me than now, I supundertaken, which was a fortnight. Nay, money pose, you are like to have. Not but I think the I find so hard to come by at this time, as I thought impediment will be rather in my mind than in the to have become an humble suitor to your honour to matter or times. But to do you service, I will come have sustained me with your credit for the present out of my religion at any time. from urgent debts with taking up 3001. till I can For my knighthood, I wish the manner might put away some land. But I am so forward with be such as might grace me, since the matter will not; some sales, as this request, I hope, I may forbear. I mean, that I might not be merely gregarious in a

For my estate, because your honour hath care of troop. The coronation || is at hand. It may please it, it is thus : I shall be able, with selling the skirts your lordship to let me hear from you speedily. So of my living in Hertfordshire,† to preserve the body; I continue and to leave myself, being clearly out of debt, and

Your lordship's ever much bounden, having some money in my pocket, 3001. land per annum, with a fair house, and the ground well

FR. BACON, timbered. This is now my labour.

From Gorhambury, this 16th of July, 1603. For my purpose or course, I desire to meddle as

now

* From the Hatfield collection. † Gorhambury.

Probably the lady whom he afterwards married, Alice, one of the daughters and coheirs of Benedict Barnhain, Esq.

alderman of London. She survived her husband above twenty
years. Life of Lord Bacon, by Dr. William Rawley.

He was knighted at Whitehall, 23 July, 1603.
It was solemnized, 24 July, 1603.

To

bonam atque navam polliceor. Itaque salutem tibi TO SIR JOHN DAVIS, HIS MAJESTY'S ATTOR- dicit NEY-GENERAL IN IRELAND.*

Amicus tuus, &c.

Indorsed, MR. ATTORNEY,

To Casaubon. I THANK you for your letter, and the discourse you sent of this new accident, as things then appeared. I see manifestly the beginning of better or

The beginning of a Letter immediately after my worse : but methinketh it is first a tender of the

Lord Treasurer's I decease. better, and worse followeth but upon refusal or default. I would have been glad to see you here ; but

May 29, '1612. I hope occasion reserveth our meeting for a vacation, when we may have more fruit of conference.

IT MAY PLEASE your MAJESTY, requite your proclamation, which, in my judgment, is If I shall seem in these few lines to write majora wisely and seriously penned, I send you another with quam pro fortuna, it may please your Majesty to us, which happened to be in my hands when yours take it to be an effect, not of presumption, but of came. I would be glad to hear often from you, and affection. For of the one I was never noted ; and to be advertised how things pass, whereby to have for the other I could never show it hitherto to the some occasion to think some good thoughts ; though full; being as a hawk tied to another's fist, that might I can do little. At the least it will be a continuance sometimes bait and proffer, but could never fly. And in exercise of our friendship, which on my part re

therefore if, as it was said to one that spoke great maineth increased by that I hear of your service, words, Amice, verba tua desiderant civitatem,ll so and the good respects I find towards myself. And your Majesty say to me, “ Bacon, your words require so in Tormour's haste, I continue

a place to speak them;" I must answer, that place, Your very loving friend, or not place, is in your Majesty to add or refrain:

FR. BACON.

and though I never grow eager but to

yet your Majesty From Gray's-Inn, this 23d of Octob. 1607. :

TO THE KING,
TO ISAAC CASAUBON."

Immediately after the Lord Treasurer's death, Cur ex literis, quas ad dominum Carew misisti,

31 May, 1612. cognoscam scripta mea a te probari, et mihi de judicio tuo gratulatus sum, et tibi, quam ea res mihi

IT MAY PLEASE YOUR EXCELLENT MAJESTY, fuerit voluptati , scribendum existimavi. Atque illud I CANNOT but endeavour to merit

, considering etiam de me recte auguraris, me scientias ex latebris your preventing graces, which is the occasion of in lucem extrahere vehementer cupere. Neque enim these few lines. multum interest ea per otium scribi, quæ per otium Your Majesty hath lost a great subject and a legantur, sed plane vitam, et res humanas, et medias great servant. But if I should praise him in proearum turbas, per contemplationes sanas et veras priety, I should say, that he was a fit man to keep instructiores esse volo. Quanta autem in hoc genere things from growing worse ; but no very fit man to aggrediar, et quam parvis præsidiis, postmodum reduce things to be much better. For he loved to fortasse rescisces. Etiam tu pariter gratissimum have the eyes of all Israel a little too much on mihi facies, si quæ in animo habes atque moliris et himself, and to have all business still under the agitas, mihi nota esse velis. Nam conjunctionem hammer ; and, like clay in the hands of the potter, animorum et studiorum plus facere ad amicitias to mould it as he thought good; so that he was judico, quam civilis necessitatis et occasionum offi- more in operatione than in opere. And though he cia. Equidem existimo neminem unquam magis had fine passages of action, yet the real conclusions vere potuisse dicere de sese, quam me ipsum, illud came slowly on. So that although your Majesty quod habet psalmus, multum incola fuit anima mea. hath grave counsellors and worthy persons left; yet Itaque magis videor cum antiquis versari, quam cum you do, as it were, turn a leaf, wherein if your Mahis, quibuscum vivo. Quid ni etiam possim cum jesty shall give a frame and constitution to matters, absentibus potius versari, quam cum iis, qui præsto before you place the persons, in my simple opinion sunt; et magis electione in amicitiis uti, quam occa- it were not amiss. But the great matter, and most sionibus de more submitti? Verum ad institutum instant for the present, is the consideration of a parrevertor ego; si qua in re amicitia mea tibi aut tuis liament, for two effects ; the one for the supply of usui aut ornamento esse possit, tibi operam meam your estate; the other for the better knitting of the

• From the MS. Collections of Robert Stephens, Esq. Robert earl of Salisbury, who died 24 May, 1612. deceaser.

The draught of this imperfect letter is written chiefly in + This letter appears to have been written after Sir George Greek characters. Carew, mentioned in it, returned from his embassy in France, || These words of Themistocles are cited likewise by lord in October, 1609; and before the arrival of Casaubon in Bacon, at the end of his book De Augmentis Scientiarum. England, in October, 1610.

hearts of your subjects unto your Majesty, according to shall set me. Your Majesty will bear me witness, your infinite merit; for both which, parliaments have I have not suddenly opened myself thus far. I been, and are, the ancient and honourable remedy. have looked on upon others. I see the exceptions;

Now because I take myself to have a little skill I see the distractions; and I fear Tacitus will be a in that region, as one that ever affected, that your prophet, magis alië homines, quam alii mores. I Majesty might, in all your causes, not only prevail, but know mine own heart; and I know not whether prevail with satisfaction of the inner man; and God, that hath touched my heart with the affection, though no man can say but I was a perfect and may not touch your royal heart to discern it. peremptory royalist, yet every man makes me be-Howsoever, I shall go on honestly in mine ordinary lieve that I was never one hour out of credit with course, and supply the rest in prayers for you, the lower house ; my desire is to know, whether remaining, &c. your Majesty will give me leave to meditate and propound unto you some preparative remembrances, touching the future parliament.

TO THE KING.I Your Majesty may truly perceive, that, though I cannot challenge to myself either invention, or judg

Lastly, I will make two prayers unto your ment, or elocution, or method, or any of those Majesty, as I used to do to God Almighty, when I powers; yet my offering is care and observance : commend to him his own glory and cause; so I and as my good old mistress was wont to call me will pray to your Majesty for yourself. her watch-candle, because it pleased her to say, I The one is, that these cogitations of want do not did continually burn, and yet she suffered me to any ways trouble or vex your mind. I remember waste almost to nothing ; so I must much more owe Moses saith of the land of promise, that it was not the like duty to your Majesty, by whom my for- like the land of Egypt, that was watered with a tunes have been settled and raised. And so craving river, but was watered with showers from heaven; pardon, I rest

whereby I gather, God preferreth sometimes uncerYour Majesty's most humble servant devote,

tainties before certainties, because they teach a F. B.

more immediate dependence upon his providence. Sure I am, nil novi accidit vobis. It is no new thing for the greatest kings to be in debt; and, if a

man shall parvis componere magna, I have seen an TO THE KING.

earl of Leicester, a chancellor Hatton, an earl of

Essex, and an earl of Salisbury in debt; and yet IT MAY PLEASE YOUR EXCELLENT MAJESTY, was it no manner of diminution to their power or My principal end being to do your Majesty ser- greatness. vice, I crave leave to make at this time to your My second prayer is, that your Majesty, in respect Majesty this most humble oblation of myself. I of the hasty freeing of your state, would not descend may truly say with the psalm, Multum incola fuit to any means, or degree of means, which carrieth anima mea ; for my life hath been conversant in not a symmetry with your majesty and greatness. things, wherein I take little pleasure. Your Ma- He is gone, from whom those courses did wholly jesty may have heard somewhat, that my father flow. So have your wants and necessities in parwas an honest man; and somewhat yet I may have ticular, as it were, hanged up in two tablets before been of myself, though not to make any true judgment the eyes of your lords and commons to be talked of by, because I have hitherto had only potestatem for four months together : to have all your courses verborum, nor that neither. I was three of my to help yourself in revenue or profit put into printed young years bred with an ambassador * in France, books, which were wont to be held arcana imperii : and since I have been an old truant in the school- to have such worms of aldermen to lend for ten in the house of your council chamber, though on the se- hundred upon good assurance, and with such , cond form ; yet longer than any, that now sitteth, as if it should save the bark of your fortune : to conhath been in the head form. If your Majesty find tract still where might be had the readiest payment, any aptness in me, or if you find any scarcity in and not the best bargain : to stir a number of others, whereby you may think it fit for your service projects for your profit, and then to blast them, and to remove me to business of state, although I have leave your Majesty nothing but the scandal of them: a fair way before me for profit, and, by your Ma- to pretend an even carriage between your Majesty's jesty's grace and favour, for honour and advance- rights and the ease of the people, and to satisfy ment, and in a course less exposed to the blast of neither. These courses and others the like, I hope, fortune ; yet now that he † is gone, quo vivente vir- are gone with the deviser of them ; which have tutibus certissimum exitium, I will be ready as a turned your Majesty to inestimable prejudice. chessman to be wherever your Majesty's royal hand I hope your Majesty will pardon my liberty of

* Sir Amias Poulet, who was sent ambassador to France, dices of the latter against that able minister, grounded upon in September, 1576. He was succeeded by Sir Edward Staf- some suspicions, that the earl had not served him with so ford, in December, 1578.

much zeal, as he might have expected from so near a relation, + Lord Treasurer Salisbury.

either in queen Elizabeth's reign, or that of her successor. The beginning of this letter is wanting.

Nor is it any just imputation on his lordship, that he began It will be but justice to the memory of the earl of Salisbury to decline in king James L.'s good opinion, when his Majesty's to remark, that this disadvantageous character of him by Sír ill economy occasioned demands on the lord trea surer, which Francis Bacon seems to have been heightened by the preju- all his skill in the business of the finances could not answer,

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