yet lest we should err, we thought good to send it The marquis of Buckingham writes that he had to his Majesty. It is to be returned with speed, or acquainted his Majesty with this letter, who comelse there will be no day in court to make it. God manded him to give the lord chancellor thanks for bless and prosper you. I rest

his speed in advertising those things that pass, and Your lordship’s most obliged friend and faithful for the great care he ever seeth his lordship has in

his service. servant,

FR. VERULAM, CANC. 28 Nov. 1619.




His Majesty having seen in this great business Mr HONOURABLE LORD,

your exceeding care and diligence in his service by

the effect which hath followed thereupon, hath I have acquainted his Majesty with your lord commanded me to give you many thanks in his ship’s letter, and with the submission you sent drawn name, and to tell you that he seeth you play the for Sir Thomas Lake, which his Majesty liketh well; part of all in all, &c. and because he served him in so honourable a place, is graciously pleased that he maketh submission in

Yours, &c. writing, so that my lady of Exeter be contented and

G. BUCKINGHAM. the lords, whom his Majesty would have you ac- Newmarket, 10 Dec. 1619. quaint therewith. And so I rest

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

In the Dutch Cause.
Newmarket, 29 Nov. 1619.




To keep form, I have written immediately to his MY VERY GOOD LORD,

Majesty of justice Croke's death, and send your We sentence to-morrow, but I write to-day, be- lordship the letter open, wishing time were not lost. cause I would not leave the king in suspense.

God preserve and prosper you. I shall write not so good news as I would, but .

Your lordship’s ever, better than I expected.

FR. VERU M, CANC. We met amongst ourselves to-day, which I find 24 Jan. 1619. was necessary, more than convenient. I gave aim that the meeting was not to give a privy verdict, or to determine what was a good proof or not a good proof, nor who was guilty or not guilty, but only CCXXXIII. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGto think of some fit proportion of the fines, that there

HAM.|| mought be less distraction in the sentence, in a cause

MY VERY GOOD LORD, so scattered. Some would have entered into the matter itself, but I made it good, and kept them I doubt not but Sir Giles Montpesson advertisfrom it.

eth your lordship how our revenue business proI perceive the old defendants will be censured, as ceeds. I would his Majesty had rested upon the well as the new, which was the gole, and I am per- first names; for the additionals, specially the exsuaded the king will have a great deal of honour of chequer man, doth not only weaken the matter, but the cause. Their fines will be moderate, but far from weakeneth my forces in it, he being thought to have contemptible. The attorney did very well to-day ; been brought in across. But I go on, and hope I perceive he is a better pleader than a director, good service will be done. and more eloquent than considerate.

For the commissions to be published in the starLittle thinks the king what ado I have here, but | chamber, for which it pleaseth his Majesty to give I am sure I acquit my trust. To-morrow I will me special thanks, I will have special care of them write particularly. God ever preserve you.

in time. God ever prosper you. Your lordship's most obliged friend and Your lordship’s most obliged friend and faithfaithful servant,

ful servant, FR. VERULAM, CANC.

FR. VERULAM, CANC, Tuesday afternoon, this 7th Dec. 1619.

10 Feb. 1619. Stephen's Second Collection, p. 106.

Ibid. p. 107. § Ibid. p. 108.

|| Ibid.

† Ibid.

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cery for setting down of causes. And because the CCXXXIV. TO THE KING..

gentleman telleth me, the king thought my certifiMar it PLEASE YOUR MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY, your lordship, touching my approbation more plain

cate a little doubtful; he desired me to write to ACCORDING to your commandment, we met to- ly. It is true, that I conceive it to be a good busigether yesterday at Whitehall, and there consultedness, and will be for the service of the court, and what course were fittest to be taken now in this ease of the subject; I will look it shall be accombusiness of your Majesty's attorney-general, both for panied with good cautions. the satisfying your own honour, as also for calling We ruffle over business here in council apace, and in the late exorbitant charter of the city ; which I think to reasonable good purpose. By my next I are the two ends, as we conceive, that your Majesty will write of some fit particulars. I ever rest proposed unto yourself.

Your most obliged friend and faithful servant, To effect both which, we humbly presume to pre

FR. VERULAM, CANC. sent thus much unto your Majesty as our opinion.

June 21, 1620. First, that an information be put into the star-chamber, as we formerly advised, against your attorney as delinquent, against the mayor, &c. as interested,

CCXXXVI. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGand against the recorder also, mixtly with some

HAM. I touch of charge.

That the submission by letter offered by Mr. At- MY VERY GOOD LORD, torney is no way satisfactory for your Majesty's honour ; but is to be of record by way of answer,

The tobacco business is well settled in all points. and deduced to more particulars.

For the coals, they that brought the offer to secreThat any submission of surrender of the patents but we are casting about to piece it and perfect it.

tary Calvert, do very basely shrink from their words; be the city should be also of record in their answer; and no other can be received with your Majesty's The two goose-quills Maxwell and Alured have been honour, but by answer in court: the same to come

pulled, and they have made submissions in that merely of themselves, without any motion on your

kind which the board thought fit: for we would not Majesty's behalf directly or indirectly; which being do them the honour to require a recantation of their done in this form, it will be afterwards in your Ma- opinion, but an acknowledgment of their presump

tion. jesty's choice and pleasure to use mercy, and to suspend any farther proceedings against your attorney.

His Majesty doth very wisely, not showing much That it is of necessity as well for the putting in

care or regard to it, yet really to suppress their of this information, as for your Majesty's other ur

licentious course of talking and writing.

My old gent and public services in that and other courts, to

lord Burghley was wont to say, that the Frenchman have a sequestration presently of your attorney, and

when he hath talked, he hath done ; but the Enga provisional commission to some other, during lishman when he hath talked, he begins. Four Majesty's pleasure, to execute that charge. porateth malice and discontent in the one, and

And therefore upon some Por both which, instruments legal shall be provided kindleth it in the other.

The as soon as your Majesty's pleasure is known. To fit occasion I wish a more public example. which we humbly and dutifully submit our advice king's state, if I should now die and were opened, and opinion, beseeching God to bless your Majesty's would be found at my heart, as queen Mary said of Ecred person with continuance and increase of much Calais; we find additionals still, but the consumphealth and happiness: wherewith, humbly kissing lution, passing by at once all impediments and less

tion goeth on. I pray God give his Majesty resoyour rogal hands, we rest Your Majesty's most humble and faithful sub respects, to do that which may help it, before it be

irremediable. God ever preserve and prosper your jects and servants,


Your lordship's most obliged friend and faith-

ful servant,

FR. VERULAM, CANC. At pour Majesty's Palace of

23 July, 1620. Whitehall, June 16, 1620.

I have stayed the thousand pounds set upon Englefield for his Majesty, and given order for

levying it. CCXXXV.



HAM. I have lately certified his Majesty on the behalf

MY VERY GOOD LORD, of Sir George Chaworth, by secretary Calvert, One gave me a very good precept for the stone ; toaching the place of a remembrancer in the chan that I should think of it most when I feel it least. Stephens's Second Collection, p. 109. † Ibid. p. 110.

Ibid. p. 111.

Ibid. p. 112.

It eva


This I apply to the king's business, which surely I Secretary Naunton this day brought me your revolve most when I am least in action; whereof pleasure in certain notes; that I should advise with at my attendance I will give his Majesty such ac- the two chief justices, old parliament men, and Sir count as can proceed from my poor and mean abi- Edward Coke, who is also their senior in that school, lities, which as his Majesty out of grace may think and Sir Randall Crewe the last speaker, and such to be more than they are, so I out of desire may other judges as we should think fit, touching that think sometime they can effect more than they can. which mought in true policy, without packing or But still it must be remembered, that the stringing degenerate arts, prepare to a parliament, in case of the harp, nor the tuning of it, will not serve, ex- your Majesty should resolve of one to be held; and cept it be well played on from time to time. withal he signified to me some particular points,

If his Majesty's business or commandments re- which your Majesty very wisely had deduced. quire it, I will attend him at Windsor, though I All your Majesty's business is super cor meum, for would be glad to be spared, because quick airs at I lay it to heart, but this is a business secundum this time of the year do affect me. At London, and cor meum; and yet, as I will do your Majesty all so at Theobald's and Hampton-Court, I will not fail, possible good services in it, so I am far from seekGod willing, to wait upon his Majesty. Meanwhile | ing to impropriate to myself the thanks, but shall I am exceeding glad to hear his Majesty hath been become omnibus omnia, as St. Paul saith, to attain lusty and well this progress. Thus, much desiring your Majesty's ends. to see your lordship, cujus amor tantum mihi cres- As soon as I have occasion, I will write to your cit in horas,' as the poet saith, I ever remain Majesty touching the same, and will have special Your lordship's most obliged friend and faith

care to communicate with my lords, in some prinful servant,

cipal points, though all things are not at first fit for FR. VERULAM, CANC. the whole table. I ever rest Gorhambury, this 30th

Your Majesty's most founden and most devoted of Aug. 1620.


FR. VERULAM, CANC, 2 Oct. 1620.

Your Majesty needeth not to doubt but that I CCXXXVIII. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCK

shall carry the business with that secrecy which INGHAM.*

appertaineth. MY VERY GOOD LORD, I write now only a letter of thanks to his Ma

CCXL. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. jesty, for that I hear, in my absence he was pleased to express towards me, though unworthy, a great

MY VERY GOOD LORD, deal of grace and good opinion before his lords ; YESTERDAY I called unto us the two chief justices, which is much to my comfort, whereunto I must and serjeant Crewe, about the parliament business. ever impute your lordship as accessary. I have to call more judges, I thought not good. It would also written to him what signification I received be little to assistance, much to secrecy. The disfrom secretary Naunton of his Majesty's will and tribution of the business we made was into four pleasure, lest in so great a business there should be parts. any mistaking

I. The perusing of the former grievance, and of The pain of my foot is gone, but the weakness things of like nature which have come since. doth a little remain, so as I hope within a day or II. The consideration of a proclamation, with the two to have full use of it. I ever remain

clauses thereof, especially touching elections; which Your lordship’s most obliged friend and faith-clauses nevertheless, we are of opinion, should be ful servant,

rather monitory than exclusive. FR. VERULAM, CANC.

III. The inclusive: that is to say, what persons 2 Octob. 1620.

were fit to be of the house, tending to make a sufficient and well-composed house of the ablest men of the kingdom, fit to be advised with circa ardua regni,

as the style of the writs goeth, according to the pure CCXXXIX. TO THE KING.

and true institution of a parliament; and of the

means to place such persons without novelty or much IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MAJESTY,

observation. For this purpose we made some lists I THOUGHT myself an unfortunate man that I of names of the prime counsellors, and principal could not attend you at Theobald's. But I hear that statesmen or courtiers; of the gravest or wisest your Majesty hath done, as God Almighty useth to lawyers; of the most respected and best tempered do, which is to turn evil into good, in that your knights and gentlemen of the county. And here Majesty hath been pleased upon that occasion to obiter we did not forget to consider who were the express before your lords your gracious opinion and boute feus of the last session, how many of them are favour towards me, which I most humbly thank dead, how many reduced, and how many remain, your Majesty for, and will aspire to deserve. and what were fit to be done concerning them. * Stephens's Second Collection, p. 113.

† Ibid. p. 114.

Ibid. p. 115.


IV. The having ready of some commonwealth | master of the wards, that it should be hastened and bills, that may add respect and acknowledgment of set in hand with all speed, which his Majesty doubtthe king's care; not wooing bills to make the king eth not but is done by this time. Touching your and his graces cheap; but good matter to set them advice for a treasurer, his Majesty is very mindful on work, that an empty stomach do not feed upon of it, and will let you know as much at his return, humour.

when he will speak farther with your lordship of it. Of these four points, that which concerneth per- And so I rest sons is not so fit to be communicated with the coun

Yours, &c. cil-table, but to be kept within fewer hands. The

G. BUCKINGHAM. other three may, when they are ripe.

Royston, 9 October, 1620. Meanwhile I thought good to give his Majesty an account what is done, and in doing, humbly craving his direction if any thing be to be altered or added; though it may be ourselves shall have se-CCXLII. THIS LETTER WAS WRITTEN WITH cond thoughts, this being but the result of our first THE KING'S OWN HAND, TO MY LORD meeting.

CHANCELLOR VERULAM, UPON HIS LORD. The state of his Majesty's treasure still maketh SHIP'S SENDING TO HIS MAJESTY HIS me sad, and I am sorry I was not at Theobald's to NOVUM ORGANUM.+ report it, or that it was not done by my fellows: it is most necessary we do it faithfully and freely : for to flatter in this, were to betray his Majesty with a I have received your letter, and your book, than kiss. I humbly pray his Majesty to think of my the which you could not have sent a more acceptformer counsel; and this I will promise, that whom- able present unto me. How thankful I am for it, soever his Majesty shall make treasurer, if his Ma- cannot better be expressed by me, than by a firm jesty shall direct him to have relation to my advice, resolution I have taken ; first, to read it through I will continue the same care and advice I do now, with care and attention, though I should steal and much more cheerfully when I shall perceive some hours from my sleep: having otherwise, as that my propositions shall not be literæ scripte in little spare time to read it, as you had to write it. glacie.

And then, to use the liberty of a true friend, in not Meanwhile, to keep the commission in doing of sparing to ask you the question in any point whereof somewhat worth the doing, it may please his Ma- I shall stand in doubt: nam ejus est explicare, cujus jesty to take knowledge, that upon our report we est condere : as, on the other part, I will willingly had agreed to make remonstrance to him, that we give a due commendation to such places, as, in my thought Ireland might, if his Majesty leave it to our opinion, shall deserve it. In the mean time I can care, be brought by divers good expedients to bear with comfort assure you, that you could not have their own charge ; and therefore his Majesty may made choice of a subject more befitting your place, be pleased by his commandment to set us in hand and your universal and methodical knowledge; and with it out of hand. God ever prosper you. in the general, I have already observed, that you Your lordship’s most obliged friend and faithful jump with me, in keeping the mid way between the servant,

two extremes; as also in some particulars I have FR. VERULAM, CANC. found that you agree fully with my opinion. And Octob. 7, 1620.

so praying God to give your work as good success as your heart can wish, and your labours deserve, I bid you heartily farewell.


MY LORD, I have acquainted his Majesty with your letter, and labour in his service, for which he commandeth CCXLIII. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKING. me to give you thanks, and to let your lordship

HAM. know, that he liketh exceeding well your method

MY VERY GOOD LORD, beld ly the judges, which could not be amended, and coreurreth with you and your opinions. First, I send his Majesty a form of a proclamation for touching the proclamation, that it should be moni- the parliament, which I thought fit to offer first tory and persuasive, rather than compulsive : and, to his Majesty's perusal, before I acquainted the secordly, that the point concerning the persons, council. who should be admitted, and who avoided, is fit to For that part which concerneth the foreign busibe kept from the knowledge of the council-table, ness, his Majesty will graciously consider, how easy and to be carried with all secrecy.

it is for me to mistake, or not to attain ; which his For the business of Ireland, his Majesty had Majesty in his wisdom will pardon, correct, and heard of it before, and gave commandment to the direct. • Stephenx's Second Collection, p. 117.

I Stephens's Second Collection, p. 121.
T Rawley's Resuscitatio.

For that part touching the elections, I have com- the same resolution, since the time that our dear sonmunicated it with my colleagues, Sir Edward Coke, in-law was elected and accepted king of Bohemia; the two chief justices, and serjeant Crewe, who ap- by how much the motives tending to shake and asprove it well; and we are all of opinion, that it is sail our said resolution were the more forcible. For not good to have it more peremptory, more particu- neither did the glory of having our dearest daughter lar, nor more sharp.

and son-in-law to wear a crown; nor the extreme We are thinking of some commonwealth laws, alacrity of our people devoted to that cause; nor amongst which I would have one special for the the representations, which might be set before us of maintenance of the navy, as well to give occasion dangers, if we should suffer a party in christendom, to publish, to his Majesty's honour, what hath been held commonly adverse and ill-affected to our state already done; as, to speak plainly, to do your lord- and government, to gather farther reputation and ship honour in the second place; and besides, it is strength, transport us to enter into an auxiliary war, agreeable to the times. God ever prosper you. in prosecution of that quarrel : but contrariwise, Your lordship’s most obliged friend and faithful finding the justice of the cause not so clear, as that

we could be presently therein satisfied; and weighing servant,

with ourselves likewise, that if the kingdom of BoOct. 18, 1620. FR, VERULAM, CANC.

hemia had continued in the house of Austria, yet nevertheless the balance of christendom had stood in no

other sort than it had done for many years before, CCXLIV. DRAUGHT OF A PROCLAMATION without increase of party; and chiefly' fearing that

FOR A PARLIAMENT, REFERRED TO IN the wars in those parts of Germany, which have been THE PRECEDING LETTER.*

hitherto the bulwark of christendom against the ap

proaches of the Turk, might by the intestine disAs in our princely judgment we hold nothing sensions allure and let in the common enemy; we more worthy of a christian monarch, than the con- did abstain to declare or engage ourselves in that servation of peace at home and abroad; whereby war, and were contented only to give permission to effusion of christian blood and other calamities of the ambassador of our son-in-law, to draw some vowar are avoided, trade is kept open, laws and jus. luntary helps of men and money from our subjects, tice retain their due vigour and play, arts and sci- being a matter that violated no treaty, and could not ences flourish, subjects are less burdened with taxes be denied in case of so near a conjunction. and tallages, and infinite other benefits redound to But while we contained ourselves in this moderathe state of a commonweal; so in our own practice tion, we find the event of war hath much altered the we suppose there hath been seldom any king, that case, by the late invasion of the Palatinate, wherehath given more express testimonies and real by, howsoever under the pretence of a diversion, we pledges of his desire to have peace conserved, than find our son in fact expulsed in part, and in danger we have done in the whole course of our regiment to be totally dispossessed of his ancient inheritance

For neither have we, for that which concerns and patrimony, so long continued in that noble line; ourselves, been ready to apprehend or embrace any whereof we cannot but highly resent, if it should be occasions or opportunities of making war upon our alienated and ravished from him in our times, and neighbours; neither have we omitted, for that which to the prejudice of our grandchildren and line royal. may concern the states abroad, any good office or Neither can we think it safe for us in reason of royal endeavour for the quenching of the sparks of state, that the county Palatine carrying with itself troubles and discords in foreign parts. Wherein, as an electorate, and having been so long in the hands we have been always ready and willing, so we wish of princes of our religion and no way depending that we had been always as happy and prevailing upon the house of Austria, should now become at in our advices and counsels that tended to that end the disposing of that house: being a matter, that

And yet do we not forget, that God hath put into indeed might alter the balance of christendom imour hands a sceptre over populous and warlike na portantly, to the weakening of our estate, and the tions, which might have moved us to second the af- estate of our best friends and confederates. fection and disposition of our people, and to have Wherefore, finding a concurrence of reasons and wrought upon it for our own ambition, if we had been respects of religion, nature, honour, and estate; all so minded. But it hath sufficed unto us to seek a of them inducing us in no wise to endure so great true and not swelling greatness, in the plantations an alteration; we are resolved to employ the utterand improvements of such parts of our dominions, most of our forces and means, to recover and re-setas have, in former times, been more desolate or un- tle the said Palatinate to our son and our descendcivil, and in the maintaining of all our loving sub-ants, purposing nevertheless, according to our former jects in general in tranquillity and security, and the inclination so well grounded, not altogether to inother conditions of good government, and happy termit, if the occasions give us leave, the treaties times. But amongst other demonstrations of our of peace and accord, which we have already begun, constant purpose and provident care to maintain and whereof the coming on of the winter, and the peace, there was never such a trial, nor so apparent counterpoise of the actions of war, hitherto may to the world, as in a theatre, as our persisting in give us as yet some appearance of hope.† * Stephens's Second Collection, p. 122.

† Against this passage, in the margin, is written, "I pray God this hold.”

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