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Majesty a matter, which, God is my witness, I do without contemplation of friend or end, but animo

CCXII. TO THE KING. + recto. If Sir Edward Coke continue sick, or keep in, I

MAY IT PLEASE YOUR MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY, fear his Majesty's service will languish too, in those ACCORDING to your Majesty's pleasure, signified things which touch upon law; as the calling in to us by the lord marquis Buckingham, we have debts, recusants, alienations, defalcations, &c. And considered of the fitness and conveniency of the gold this is most certain, that in these new diligences, if and silver thread business, as also the profit that the first beginning cool, all will go back to the old may accrue unto your Majesty. bias. Therefore it may please his Majesty to think We are all of opinion that it is convenient that of it, whether there will not be a kind of necessity the same should be settled, having been brought to add my lord chief justice of England to the com- hither at the great charge of your Majesty's now missioners of treasure. This I move only to the agents, and being a means to set many of your poor king and your lordship, otherwise it is a thing ex subjects on work; and to this purpose there was a son entibus. God preserve and prosper you.

former certificate to your Majesty from some of us

with others. Your lordship's most faithful servant,

And for the profit that will arise, we see no cause FR. VERULAM, CANC.

to doubt: but do conceive apparent likelihood, that From the Star-C'hamber, 25 Nov. 1618.

it will redound much to your Majesty's profit, which P. S. I forget not Tufton's canse, All things we esteem may be at the least 10,0001. by the year; stay, and precedents are in search.

and therefore in a business of such benefit to your Majesty, it were good it were settled with all con

venient speed, by all lawful means that may be CCXI. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM." thought of, which, notwithstanding, we most humbly

leave to your Majesty's highest wisdom. MY VERY GOOD LORD,

Your Majesty's most humble and faithful This long book, which I send for his Majesty's

servants, signature, was upon a conference and consult yester

FR. VERULAM, CANC. right (at which time I was assisted by the two chief justices, and attended by the surveyor, attorney,

H. MONTAGU. HENRY YELVERTON. and receiver of the court of wards, Fleetwood) 4 Oct. 1618. The marquis of Buckingham framed and allowed.

writes from Theobald's to the lord chancellor, that It is long, because we all thought fit not to piece the king being desirous to be satisfied of the gold new instructions with old instructions, but to reduce and silver thread business, would have his lordship both old and new into one body of instructions. I consult the lord chief justice, and the attorney and do not see that of the articles, which are many, any solicitor-general therein. rould have been spared. They are plain, but they bave a good property, that they will take fast hold. I may not trouble his Majesty with choosing some of them in particular, when all are good : only I

CCXIII. TO THE KING. : think fit to let his Majesty know of one, which is,

IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY, that according to his own directions, the oath of raking no private unlawful profit is now as well I do many times with gladness, and for a remedy translated to the master and officers, that may take, of my other labours, revolve in my mind the great as to the parties and suitors that may give.

happiness which God, of his singular goodness, hath It little becometh me to possess his Majesty that accumulated upon your Majesty every way; and how this will be to his Majesty's benefit ten thousands complete the same would be if the state of your yearly, or fifteen thousands, or twenty thousands : means were once rectified, and well ordered: your for these rattles are fitter for mountebanks of ser- people military and obedient, fit for war, used to vice, than grave counsellors. But my advices, as peace; your church illightened with good preachers, far as I am able to discern, tend or extend but to as an heaven of stars; your judges learned, and thus much: this is his Majesty's surest and easiest learning from you, just, and just by your example ; way for his most good.

your nobility in a right distance between crown Sir Miles Fleetwood, who both now and hereto- and people, no oppressors of the people, no overfore hath done very good service in this, meriteth shadowers of the crown ; your council full of tributes to be particularly from your lordship encouraged; of care, faith, and freedom ; your gentlemen and juswhich I beseech your lordship not to forget. God tices of peace willing to apply your royal mandates ever prosper you.

to the nature of their several counties, but ready to

obey; your servants in awe of your wisdom, in hope Your lordship’s most faithful bounden friend of your goodness; the fields growing every day, by and servant,

the improvement and recovery of grounds, from the FR. VERULAM, CANC. desert to the garden ; the city grown from wood to Dec. 4. 1618.

brick; your sea-walls or pomærium of your island • Stephens's Second Collection, p. 89.

+ Ibid. p. 90.

I Ibid.

ܪ

surveyed, and in edifying ; your merchants embra- | well pleased with that account of your careful and cing the whole compass of the world, east, west, speedy despatch of business, &c. north, and south; the times give you peace, and yet

Yours, &c. offer you opportunities of action abroad: and lastly,

G. BUCKINGHAM. your excellent royal issue entaileth these blessings and favours of God to descend to all posterity. It

Greenwich, 13th May, 1619. resteth, therefore, that God having done so great

P. S. Your business had been done before this, things for your Majesty, and you for others, you but I knew not whether you would have the attorwould do so much for yourself, as to go through, ney or solicitor to draw it. according to your good beginnings, with the rectifying and settling of your estate and means, which only is wanting ; hoc rebus defuit unum. I therefore, whom only love and duty to your Majesty, and your CCXVI. TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. royal line, hath made a financier, do intend to pre

MY NOBLE LORD, sent unto your Majesty a perfect book of your estate, like a perspective glass, to draw your estate nearer

I showed your letter of thanks to his Majesty, to your sight; beseeching your Majesty to con- who says there are too many in it for so small a ceive, that if I have not attained to do that that I favour, which he holdeth too little to encourage would do, in this which is not proper for me, in my

so well a deserving servant. For myself, I shall element, I shall make your Majesty amends in some

ever rejoice at the manifestation of his Majesty's other thing, in which I am better bred. God ever favour towards you, and will contribute all that is preserve, &c.

in me to the increasing his good opinion; ever Jan. 2, 1618.

resting
Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM. CCXIV. TO TIIE MARQUIS OF BUCKING.

HAM. MY VERY GOOD LORD,

CCXVII. TO MY VERY LOVING FRIENDS SIR

THOMAS LEIGH AND SIR THOMAS PUCKIf I should use the count de Gondemar's action,

ERING, KNIGHTS AND BARONETS.Ş I should first lay your last letter to my mouth in token of thanks, and then to my heart in token of After my hearty commendations, being informed contentment, and then to my forehead in token of by the petition of one Thomas Porten, a poor Yorka perpetual remembrance.

shireman, of a heavy accident by fire, whereby his I send now to know how his Majesty doth after house, his wife, and a child, together with all his his remove, and to give you account that yesterday goods, were utterly burnt and consumed; which miswas a day of motions in the chancery. This day fortune, the petitioner suggests with much eagerwas a day of motions in the star-chamber, and it was ness, was occasioned by the wicked practices and my hap to clear the bar, that no man was left to conjurations of one John Clarkson of Rowington in move any thing, which my lords were pleased to the county of Warwick, and his daughter, pernote they never saw before. To-morrow is a seal- sons of a wandering condition, affirming, for ining day; Thursday is the funeral day; so that I stance, that one Mr. Hailes of Warwick did take pray your lordship to direct me whether I shall at- from the said Clarkson certain books of conjuration tend his Majesty Friday or Saturday. Friday hath and witchcraft: that the truth of the matter may be some reliques of business, and the commissioners of rightly known, and that Clarkson and his daughter, treasure have appointed to meet; but to see his if there be ground for it, may answer the law acMajesty, is to me above all,

cording to the merit of so heinous a fact, I have I have set down de bene esse, Suffolk's cause, the thought good to wish and desire you to send for third sitting next term ; if the wind suffer the com- Clarkson and his daughter, and as upon due examinmission of Ireland to be sped. I ever more and ation you shall find cause, to take order for their more rest

forthcoming, and answering of the matter at the Your lordship's most obliged friend and faith. next assize for the county of York; and also to ful servant,

confer with Mr. Hailes, whether he took from the FR. VERULAM, CANC. said Clarkson any such book of conjuration, as the This 11th May, 1619.

petitioner pretends he did, and to see them in safe custody. Whereupon I desire to be certified how you find the matter; and your doing thereupon. So

not doubting of your special care and diligence CCXV. TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR."

herein, I bid you heartily farewell, and rest MY MOST HONOURABLE LORD,

Your very loving friend, I ACQUAINTED his Majesty with your letter at the

FR. VERULAM, CANC. first opportunity after I received it, who was very York-house, 15 May, 1619. * Stephens's Second Collection, p. 93. † Ibid. p. 91.

§ Ibid.

Ibid.

ship, that I may now let your lordship understand CCXVIII. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKING- his Majesty's good conceit and acceptation of your HAM.*

service, upon your discourse with him at Windsor,

which though I heard not myself, yet I heard his MY VERY GOOD LORD,

Majesty much commend it both for the method and I send his Majesty a volume of my lord of Ban- the affection you showed therein to his affairs, in gor's and my lord Sheffield, whereof I spake when such earnest manner, as if you made it your only I left his Majesty at Theobald's. His Majesty may study and care to advance his Majesty's service. be pleased, at his own good time and pleasure, to And so I rest cast his eye upon it. I purpose at my coming to

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, London to confer with the chief justice as his Ma

G. BUCKINGHAM. jesty appointed: and to put the business of the purserants in a way, which I think will be best by a

Wanstead, 9 Sept. 1619. commission of oyer and terminer; for the starchamber, without confession, is long seas. I should advise that this point of the pursevants were not CCXXI. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.Ş single, but that it be coupled in the commission with

MY VERY GOOD LORD, the offences of keepers of prisons hereabouts : it hath a great affinity; for pursevants are but ambu- I think it my duty to let his Majesty know what latory keepers, and it works upon the same party, of I find in this cause of the ore tenus. For as his the papists; and it is that wherein many of his Majesty hath good experience, that when his busiMajesty's and the council's severe charges have ness comes upon the stage, I carry it with strength been hitherto unfruitful; and it doth a great deal of and resolution; so in the proceedings I love to be rischief. I have some other reasons for it. But wary and considerate. of this it will be fittest to advertise more particularly, I wrote to your lordship by my last, that I hoped what I have resolved of on advice, upon conference by the care I had taken, the business would go well, with the chief justice. I am wonderful glad to hear but without that care I was sure it would not go of the king's good health. God preserve his Ma- well. This I meant because I had had conference jesty and your lordship. I ever rest

with the two chief justices, Sir Edward Coke being Your lordship's most obliged friend and faith. present, and handled the matter so, that not without

much ado I left both the chief justices firm to the ful servant,

cause and satisfied. FR. VERULAM, CANC.

But calling to mind that in the main business, notGorhambury, this last of July, 1619.

withstanding I and the chief justices went one way, yet the day was not good, and I should be loth to

see more of such days, I am not without some appreCCXIX. TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.F

hension. For though we have Sir Edward Coke

earnest and forward, insomuch as he advised the ore MY HONOURABLE LORD,

tenus, before I knew it at Wanstead, and now bound Your lordship hath sent so good news to his Ma. the Dutchmen over to the star-chamber, before I jesty, that I could have wished you had been the was made privy ; unto both which proceedings I reporter of it yourself; but seeing you came not, I did nevertheless give approbation ; yet if there should aunot but give you thanks for employing me in the be either the major part of the votes the other way, delivering of that which pleased his Majesty so well, or any main distraction, though we bear it through, thereof he will put your lordship in mind, when he I should think it a matter full of inconvenience. seeeth you. I am glad we are come so near to- But that which gives me most to think, is the cargether, and hoping to see you at Windsor, I rest riage of Mr. Attorney, which sorteth neither with Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

the business, nor with himself: for, as I hear from G. BUCKINGHAM.

divers, and partly perceive, he is fallen from earnest 29 Aug. 1619.

to be cool and faint: which weakness, if it should make the like alteration at the bar, it might over

throw the cause. All the remedy which is in my (CIX. TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. I

power, is by the advice of the judges to draw some

other of the learned counsel to his help; which he, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

I know, is unwilling with, but that is all one. As I was reading your lordship's letter, his Ma

This I thought it necessary to write, lest the king sty came, and took it of my hands, when he knew

should think me asleep, and because I know that friu whom it came, before I could read the paper

his Majesty's judgment is far better than mine. pn:losed: and told me that you had done like a wise

But I for my part mean to go on roundly; and so rensellor: first setting down the state of the ques

I ever rest Ern, and then propounding the difficulties, the rest

Your lordship’s most obliged friend and faithful being to be done in its own time.

servant, I am glad of this occasion of writing to your lord- Octob. 9, 1619. FR. VERULAM, CANC. Stepheus's Second Collection, p. 95. + Ibid. p. 96.

Ibid. p. 96.

s Ibid. p. 97.

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If the king in his great wisdom should any ways | proceeding, nor to move his Majesty in that which incline to have the ore tenus put off, then the way was before us in course of justice : unto which, bewere to command that the matter of the ore tenus ing once propounded by me, all the lords and the should be given in evidence, by way of aggravation rest una voce assented. I would not so much as in the main cause. And it is true, that if this pre- ask the question, whether, though we proceeded, I cursory matter goeth well, it giveth great entrance should send the letter to his Majesty, because I would into the main cause; if ill, contrariwise, it will do not straiten his Majesty in any thing. hurt and disadvantage to the main.

The evidence went well, I will not say I sometime holp it, as far as was fit for a judge; and at the rising of the court, I moved their lordships openly,

whether they would not continue this cause from CCXXII. TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. day to day till it were ended; which they thought

not fit, in regard of the general justice which would MY HONOURABLE LORD,

be delayed in all courts. Yet afterwards within I The news of this victory hath so well pleased his prevailed so far, as we have appointed to sit WedMajesty, that he giveth thanks to all; and I among nesday, Thursday, and Friday, and to sit by eight the rest, who had no other part but the delivering of the clock, and so to despatch it before the king of your letter, had my part of his good acceptation, come, if we can. God preserve and prosper you. which he would have rewarded after the Roman I ever rest fashion with every man a garland, if it had been Your lordship’s most obliged friend and faithnow in use ; but after the fashion of his gracious ful servant, goodness, he giveth your lordship thanks: and would

FR. VERULAM, CANC. have you deliver the like in his Majesty's name to

This 22 October, Friday at Sir Edward Coke, and the judges. Your news

4 of the clock, 1619. which came the first, gave his Majesty a very good breakfast, and I hope his health will be the better after it. Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, CCXXIV. TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.Ş G. BUCKINGHAM.

MY HONOURABLE LORD, 14 Oct. 1619. This letter was indorsed,

I have received your letters by both your ser

vants, and have acquainted his Majesty with them, Thanks on the success in the ore tenus against the who is exceedingly pleased with the course you have Dutch.

held in the earl of Suffolk's business, and holdeth himself so much the more beholden to you, because

you sent the letter of your own motion, without CCXXIII. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKING. order or consent of the lords, whereby his Majesty HAM.T

is not tied to an answer. His Majesty hath under

stood by many, how worthily your lordship hath MY VERY GOOD LORD,

carried yourself both in this and the Dutch business : These things which I write now and heretofore for which he hath commanded me to give you in this cause, I do not write so as any can take thanks in his name, and seeth your care to be so knowledge that I write; but I despatch things ex great in all things that concern his service, that he officio here, and yet think it fit inwardly to advertise cannot but much rejoice in the trust of such a ser. the king what doth occur. And I do assure your vant, which is no less comfort to lordship, that if I did serve any king whom I did Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant, not think far away wiser than myself, I would not

G. BUCKINGHAM, write in the midst of business, but go on of myself.

Royston, 23 Oct. 1619. This morning, notwithstanding my speech yester

Indorsed thus, day with the duke, f he delivered this letter enclosed, and I having cleared the room of all save the court

On my lord of Bucks enclosing a letter of submisand learned counsel, whom I required to stay, the

sion from my lord of Suffolk. letter was read a little before our hour of sitting. When it was read, Mr. Attorney began to move, that my lord should not acknowledge his offences as

CCXXV. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKING. he conceived he had committed them, but as they

HAM. were charged ; and some of the lords speaking to that point, I thought fit to interrupt and divert that

My VERY GOOD LORD, kind of question ; and said, before we considered of My lord of Suffolk's cause is this day sentenced. the extent of my lord's submission, we were first to My lord and his lady fined together at 30,0001. with consider of the extent of our own duty and power ; | imprisonment in the Tower at their own charge, for that I conceived it was neither fit for us to stay Bingley at 20001. and committed to the Fleet. Sir * Stephens's Second Collection, p. 99.

+ Ibid.

§ Stephens's Second Collection, p. 101. Of Lenox.

Ibid. p. 102.

revenue.

Edward Coke did his part, I have not heard him do be omnibus omnia, as St. Paul saith, to set forward better, and began with a fine of 100,0001. but the his Majesty's service. judges first, and most of the rest, reduced it as be- I discern a kind of inclination to take hold of all fore. I do not dislike that things passed moderately; accidents to put off the cause, whereunto neither I and, all things considered, it is not amiss, and might shall give way, nor I hope his Majesty ; tomorrow, easily have been worse.

if cause be, I shall write more, but I hope all shall There was much speaking of interceding for the be well. I ever rest king's mercy : which, in my opinion, was not so

Your lordship's most obliged friend and faithproper for a sentence. I said, in conclusion, that

ful servant, mercy was to come ex mero motu, and so left it: I

FR. VERULAM, CANC. took some other occasion pertinent to do the king honour, by showing how happy he was in all other

Friday night, Nov. 19, 1619. parts of his government, save only in the manage of his treasure by his officers.

I have sent the king a new bill for Sussex; for CCXXVII. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGmy lord of Nottingham's certificate was true, and I

HAM. + told the judges of it before ; but they neglected it. I conceive the first man, which is newly set down, is

MY VERY GOOD LORD, the fittest. God ever preserve and prosper you. I HAVE conferred with Sir Lionel Cranfield, acYour lordship’s most obliged friend and faith- cording to his Majesty's special commandment,

touching two points of value, for the advancement, ful servant,

the one present, the other speedy, of his Majesty's FR. VERULAM, CANC. Nov. 13, 1619.

The first is of the currants, to restore the imposition of five shillings sixpence, laid in the late queen's time, and drawn down unduly, to serve private turns,

to three shillings four pence; which will amount to CCXXVI. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKING- above three thousand pounds yearly increase. HAM.

The other is of the tobacco, for which there is

offered 20001. increase yearly, to begin at MichaelMY VERY GOOD LORD,

mas next, as it now is, and 30001. increase, if the I do not love to interlope by writing in the midst plantations of tobacco here within land be restrained. of business; but because his Majesty commanded I approve in mine own judgment both propositions, me to acquaint him with any occurrence which with these cautions: That for the first the farmers might cross the way, I have thought fit to let his of the currants do by instrument under their seals Majesty know what hath passed this day.

relinquish to the king all their claim thereto by any This day, which was the day set down, the great general words of their patent. And for the second, cause of the Dutchmen was entered into. The that the bargain be concluded and made before the pleading being opened, and the case stated by the proclamation go forth; wherein perhaps there will counsel; the counsel of the defendants made a occur some doubt in law, because it restraineth the motion to have certain examinations taken concern- subject in the employment of his freehold at his ing the old defendants suppressed, because they liberty. But being so many ways pro bono publico, were taken since the last hearing.

I think it good enough. I set the business in a good way, and showed His Majesty may therefore be pleased to write his They were but supplemental, and that at the last letter to the commissioners of the treasury, signifyhearing there were some things extrajudicial alleged ing his Majesty's pleasure directly in both points to ad infirmandum conscientiam judicis, and therefore have them done, and leaving to us the consideration there was more reason these should be used ad in. de modo. God ever prosper you. I rest formandum conscientiam judicis, and that there was

Your lordship's most obliged friend and faithful order for it. The order was read, and approved

servant, both by the court, and the defendants' own counsel ;

FR. VERULAM, CANC. but it was alleged, that the order was not entered

Nov. 22, 1619. time enough, whereby the defendants might likewise examine : wherein certainly there was some slip or forgetfulness in Mr. Attorney or Brittain that followed it, which I wish had been otherwise; yet it CCXXVIII. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKING. went fair out of the court.

HAM.I But after dinner my lords were troubled about it, and after much dispute we have agreed to confer

MY VERY GOOD LORD, silently and sine strepitu to-morrow, and set all I send the submission of Sir Thomas Lake, drawn straight, calling the judges, and the learned counsel, in such form as upon a meeting with me, of the with whom I have spoken this evening, I think, chief justice and the learned counsel, was conceived to good purpose. For in good faith, I am fain to agreeable to his Majesty's meaning and directions ; • Stephens's Second Collection, p. 103.

† Ibid. p. 104.

Ibid. VOL. II.

p. 105.

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