of my absence at Byssam with my lady Russel, And because I conceive the gentleman to be upon some important cause of her son's. And as I every way sortable with the service, I am bold to have heard nothing, so I look for nothing, though commend him to your lordship's good favour. And my lord of Essex sent me word, he would not write even so, with remembrance of my most humble till his lordship had good news. But his lordship duty, I rest, may go on in his affection, which nevertheless my

Your lordship's affectionate to do you humble self have desired him to limit. But I do assure your

service, Jordship, I can take no farther care for the matter.

FR. BACON. I am now at Twicknam-Park, where I think to stay:

Twicknam-Park, for her Majesty placing a solicitor, my travel shall not need in her causes, though whensoever her

July 3, 1595. Majesty shall like to employ me in any particular, I shall be ready to do her willing service. This I write lest your lordship might think my silence came of any conceit towards your lordship, which, I XXX. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE do assure you, I have not. And this needed I not

LORD KEEPER, &c. I to do, if I thought not so: for my course will not give me any ordinary occasion to use your favour, whereof nevertheless I shall ever be glad. So I In my last conference with your lordship, I did commend your good lordship to God's holy preserv- entreat you both to forbear hurting of Mr. Fr. ation.

Bacon's cause, and to suspend your judgment of his Your lordship's humble, &c. mind towards your lordship, till I had spoken with

FR, BACON. him. I went since that time to Twicknam-Park to This eleventh of October, 1595.

confer with him, and had signified the effect of our conference by letter ere this, if I had not hoped to have met with your lordship, and so to have de

livered it by speech. I told your lordship when I XXVIII. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE last saw you, that this manner of his was only a naLORD KEEPER, &c. *

tural freedom, and plainness, which he had used

with me, and in my knowledge with some other of IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP,

his best friends, than any want of reverence towards I CONCEIVE the end already made, which will, I your lordship; and therefore I was more curious to trust, be to me a beginning of good fortune, or at look into the moving cause of his style, than into least of content. Her Majesty by God's grace shall the form of it: which now I find to be only a diffilive and reign long, she is not running away, I

may dence of your lordship's favour and love towards trust her. Or whether she look towards me or no, him, and no alienation of that dutiful mind which I remain the same, not altered in my intention. If he hath borne towards your lordship. And thereI had been an ambitious man, it would have over- fore I am fully persuaded, that if your lordship thrown me, but minded as I am, “Revertet benedic- would please to send for him, there would grow so tio mea in sinum meum.” If I had made any reck- good satisfaction, as hereafter he should enjoy your oning of any thing to be stirred, I would have lordship’s honourable favour, in as great a measure waited on your lordship, and will be at any time as ever, and your lordship have the use of his serready to wait on you to do you service. So I com- vice, who, I assure your lordship, is as strong in his mend your good lordship to God's holy preservation. kindness, as you find him in his jealousy. I will Your lordship's most humble at your hon[our- use no argument to persuade your lordship, that I able) commandment,

should be glad of his being restored to your lord

FR. BACON. ship's wonted favour ; since your lordship both From Twicknam-Park this

knoweth how much my credit is engaged in his 14th of October.

fortune, and may easily judge how sorry I should Endorsed :

be, that a gentleman whom I love so much, should 14th October 95.

lack the favour of a person whom I honour so much. And thus commending your lordship to God's best protection, I rest,

Your lordship's very assured, IXIX. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE



31 August 95. My lord of Essex to have me send I RECEIVED a letter from a very friend of mine for Mr. Bacon, for he will satisfy me. requesting me to move your lordship, to put into the Lord Keeper's own hand. commission fur the subsidy, Mr. Richard Kempe, a reader of Gray’s-Inn, and besides born to good estate, being also my friend and familiar acquaint• Harl. MSS. Vol. 6997. No 61.

† Ibid. No. 29.

Ibid. No. 47.

In my

other correspondence and agreeableness; which, XXXI. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE whensoever it shall be conjoined with the other of LORD KEEPER, &c. *

affection, I durst wager my life, let them make

what prosopopæias they will of her Majesty's nature, MY VERY GOOD LORD,

that in you she will come to the question of “ Quid The want of assistance from them which should fiet homini, quem rex vult honorare ?" But how be Mr. Fr. Bacon's friends, makes [me] the more is it now? A man of a nature not to be ruled, that industrious myself, and the more earnest in soliciting hath the advantage of my affection, and knoweth it; mine own friends. Upon me the labour must lie of an estate not grounded to his greatness ; of a of his establishment, and upon me the disgrace will popular reputation ; of a military dependence. I light of his being refused. Therefore I pray your demand, whether there can be a more dangerous lordship, now account me not as a solicitor only of my image than this, represented to any monarch living, friend's cause, but as a party interested in this : and much more to a lady, and of her Majesty's appreemploy all your lordship's favour to me, or strength hension ? And is it not more evident than demonfor me, in procuring a short and speedy end. For stration itself, that whilst this impression continueth though I know, it will never be carried any other in her Majesty's breast, you can find no other conway, yet I hold both my friend and myself disgraced dition, than inventions to keep your estate bare and by this protraction. More I would write, but that I low; crossing and disgracing your actions ; exknow to so honourable and kind a friend, this which tenuating and blasting of your merit; carping with I have said is enough. And so I commend your contempt at your nature and fashions ; breeding, lordship to God's best protection, resting,

nourishing, and fortifying such instruments as are At your lordship's commandment, most factious against you; repulses and scorns of your [No date.]


friends and dependants that are true and stedfast; winning and inveigling away from you such as are flexible and wavering; thrusting you into odious em

ployments and offices to supplant your reputation ; XXXII. TO MY LORD OF ESSEX, FROM MR. abusing you and feeding you with dalliances and deBACON, OCTOBER 4, 1596.7

monstrations, to divert you from descending into the

serious consideration of your own case; yea, and perMY SINGULAR GOOD LORD,

case venturing you in perilous and desperate enterI will no longer dissever part of that, which I prises. Herein it may please your lordship to undermeant to have said to your lordship at Barn-Elms, stand me; for I mean nothing less, than that these from the exordium which I then made ; whereunto things should be plotted and intended as in her MaI will only add this, that I humbly desire your lord- jesty's royal mind towards you: I know the excellency ship, before you give access to my poor advice, to of her nature too well. But I say, wheresoever the look about, even jealously a little if you will, and to formerly described impression is taken in any king's consider; first, whether I have not reason to think, breast towards a subject, these other recited inconvethat your fortune comprehended mine ? Next, niences must, of necessity of politic consequence, folwhether I shift my counsel and do not constare low; in respect of such instruments as are never failing mihi ? for I am persuaded, there are some would about princes; which spy into humours and conceits, give you the same counsel now which I shall, but and second them: and not only second them, but in that they should derogate from that which they have seconding increase them; yea, and many times, said heretofore. Thirdly, whether you have taken without their knowledge, pursue them farther than hurt, at any time, by my careful and devoted counsel; themselves would. Your lordship will ask the for although I remember well your lordship once told question, wherewith the Athenians were wont to me, that you having submitted upon my well-meant interrupt their orators, when they exaggerated their motion at Nonsuch, the place where you renewed a dangers ; “ Quid igitur agendum est ? ” treaty with her Majesty of obsequious kindness, I will tell your lordship

quæ mihi nunc in she had taken advantage of it; yet I suppose you mentem veniunt;” supposing nevertheless, that yourdo since believe, that it did much attemper a cold self, out of your own wisdom upon the case, with malignant humour then growing upon her Majesty this plainness and liberty represented to you, will toward your lordship, and hath done you good in find out better expedients and remedies. I wish a consequence. And for my being against it, now cure applied to every of the five former impressions, lately that


should not estrange yourself, although which I will take not in order, but as I think they I give place to none in true gratulation ; yet neither are of weight. do I repent me of safe counsel; neither do I judge

For the removing the impression of your nature of the whole play by the first act. But whether 1 to be opiniastre and not rulable: first and above all counsel you the best, or for the best, duty bindeth me things I wish, that all matters past, which cannot to offer to you my wishes. I said to your lordship be revoked, your lordship would turn altogether last time, “ Martha, Martha, attendis ad plurima, upon insatisfaction, and not upon your nature or unum sufficit;" win the queen : if this be not the proper disposition. This string you cannot upon beginning of any other course, I see no end. And every apt occasion harp upon too much. Next, I will not now speak of favour of affection, but of whereas I have noted you to fly and avoid, in some • Harl, MSS. Vol. 6997. No. 106.

+ Rawley's Resuscitatio.


respect justly, the resemblance or imitation of my loveth not charge. Thirdly, that kind of dependence lord of Leicester, and my lord chancellor Hatton; maketh a suspected greatness. Therefore, " quod yet I am persuaded, howsoever I wish your lord- instat agamus." Let that be a sleeping honour a ship as distant as you are from them in points of while, and cure the queen's mind in that point. farour, integrity, magnanimity, and merit, that it Therefore, again, whereas J heard your lordship will do you much good between the queen and you, design to yourself the earl marshal's place, or the to allege them, as oft as you find occasion, for place of master of the ordnance; I did not in my authors and patterns : for I do not know a readier mind so well like of either, because of their affinity mean to make her Majesty think you are in your with a martial greatness. But of the places now right way. Thirdly, when at any time your lord void, in my judgment and discretion, I would name ship upon occasion happen in speeches to do her you to the place of lord privy seal. For first, it is Majesty right, for there is no such matter as flattery the third person of the great officers of the crown. amongst you all, I fear you handle it “magis in Next, it hath a kind of superintendence over the speciem adornatis verbis, quam ut sentire videaris.” secretary. It hath also an affinity with the court of So that a man may read formality in your counte- wards, in regard of the fees from the liveries ; and nance; whereas your lordship should do it familiar- it is a fine honour, quiet place, and worth a thousand ly, “et oratione fida." Fourthly, your lordship pounds by year: and my lord admiral's father had should never be without some particulars afoot, it, who was a martial man: and it fits a favourite which you should seem to pursue with earnestness to carry her Majesty's image in seal, who beareth and affection; and then let them fall, upon taking it best expressed in heart. But my chief reason is, knowledge of her Majesty's opposition and dislike. that which I first alleged, to divert her Majesty Of which the weightiest sort may be, if your lord from this impression of a martial greatness. In ship offer to labour, in the behalf of some that you concurrence whereof, if your lordship shall not refavour, for some of the places now void ; choosing mit any thing of your former diligence at the starsich a subject as you think her Majesty is like to chamber ; if you shall continue such intelligences oppose unto: and if you will say that this is “ con- as are worth the cherishing; if you shall pretend to janetum cum aliena injuria," I will not answer, be as bookish and contemplative as ever you were : * Hæc non aliter constabunt;" but I say, com- all these courses have both their advantages and mendation from so good a mouth doth not hurt a uses in themselves otherwise, and serve exceeding man, though you prevail not. A less weighty sort aptly to this purpose. Whereunto I add one exof particulars may be the pretence of some journeys pedient more, stronger than all the rest; and, for which at her Majesty's request your lordship might my own confident opinion, void of any prejudice or relinquish: as if you would pretend a journey to see danger of diminution of your greatness; and that is, your living and estate towards Wales, or the like: the bringing in of some martial man to be of the for as for great foreign journeys of employment and council; dealing directly with her Majesty in it, as service, it standeth not with your gravity to play or for her service, and your better assistance; choosing stratagem with them. And the lightest sort of par- nevertheless some person that may be known, not ticulars, which yet are not to be neglected, are in to come in against you, by any former division. I your habits, apparel, wearings, gestures, and the like. judge the fittest to be my lord Mountjoy, or my lord

The impression of greatest prejudice next is that of Willoughby. And if your lordship see deeplier into a military dependence: wherein I cannot sufficiently it than I do, that you would not have it done in Fonder at your lordship’s course, that you say, effect; yet in my opinion, you may serve your turn the wars are your occupation, and go on in that by the pretence of it, and stay it nevertheless. course : whereas, if I might have advised your lord- The third impression is of a popular reputation ; ship, you should have left that person at Plymouth which, because it is a thing good in itself, being obmore than when in counsel, or in commending fittained as your lordship obtaineth it, that is, bonis persons for service for wars, where it had been in artibus ; and besides, well governed, is one of the season. And here, my lord, I pray mistake me not: best flowers of your greatness both present and to I am not to play now the part of a gown-man, that come; it would be handled tenderly. The only way would frame you best to mine own turn. I know is to quench it verbis and not rebus. And therefore what I owe you. I am infinitely glad of this last to take all occasions to the queen, to speak against journey, now it is past; the rather, because you may popularity and popular courses vehemently; and to make so honourable a full point for a time. You tax it in all others: but, nevertheless, to go on in have property good enough in that greatness: there your honourable commonwealth courses as you do. is none can, of many years, ascend near you in com- And therefore, I will not advise you to cure this, by petition. Besides, the disposing of the places and dealing in monopolies, or any oppressions : only, if affairs both, concerning the wars, you increasing in in parliament your lordship be forward for treasure other greatness, will of themselves flow to you ; | in respect of the wars, it becometh your person well; which will preserve that dependence in full measure. and if her Majesty object popularity to you at any It is a thing that of all things I would have you re- time, I would say to her, a parliament will show tain, the times considered, and the necessity of the that; and so feed her with expectation. service; for other reason I know none : yet I say, The fourth impression, of the inequality between keep it in substance, but abolish it in shows to the your estate of means, and your greatness of respects, queen; for her Majesty loveth peace. Next, she is not to be neglected. For believe it, my lord, that till her Majesty find you careful of your estate, she I was a child, and had little philosophy, I was glad will not only think you more like to continue of when it was done. For your lordship, I do think chargeable to her, but also have a conceit that you myself more beholden to you than to any man: and have higher imaginations. The remedies are, first, I say, I reckon myself as a common, not popular, to profess it in all speeches to her: next, in such but common; and as much as is lawful to be ensuits wherein both honour, gift, and profit may be closed of a common, so much your lordship shall be taken, to communicate freely with her Majesty, by sure to have. way of inducing her to grant, that it will be this

Your lordship's, to obey your honourable combenefit to you. Lastly, to be plain with your lord

mands, more settled than ever. ship, for the gentlemen are such as I am beholden to, nothing can make the queen, or the world, think so much that you are come to a provident care of your estate, as the altering of some of your officers ; XXXIV. TO MY LORD OF ESSEX + who though they be as true to you as one hand to

MY SINGULAR GOOD LORD, the other, yet opinio veritate major; but if, in respect of the bonds they may be entered into for Your lordship’s so honourable minding my poor your lordship, you cannot so well dismiss yourself fortune the last year, in the very entrance into that of them, this cannot be done but with time.

great action, which is a time of less leisure, and in For a fifth and last, which is of the advantage of so liberal an allowance of your care, as to write a favourite; as severed from the rest, it cannot three letters to stir me up friends in your absence, hurt; so joined with them, it maketh her Majesty doth, after a sort, warrant me not to object to mymore fearful and shadowy, as not knowing her own self your present quantity of affairs, whereby to strength. The only remedy to this, is to give way silence myself from petition of the like favour. I to some other favourite, as in particular you shall brake with your lordship myself at the Tower; and find her Majesty inclined ; so as the subject hath I take it my brother hath since renewed the same no ill nor dangerous aspect towards yourself. For motion, touching a fortune I was in thought to atotherwise, whosoever shall tell me, that you may not tempt, in genere æconomico. In genere politico, have singular use of a favourite at your devotion, I certain cross winds have blown contrary. My suit will say he understandeth not the queen’s affection, to your lordship is for your several letters to be left nor your lordship’s condition. And so I rest. with me dormant, to the gentlewoman, and either of October 4, 1596.

her parents : wherein I do not doubt, but as the beams of your favour have often dissolved the coldness of my fortune ; so in this argument your lord

ship will do the like with your pen. My desire is XXXIII. TO MY LORD OF ESSEX.*

also, that your lordship would vouchsafe unto me, IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP,

as out of your care, a general letter to my lord

keeper, for his lordship's holding me from you reI PRAY God her Majesty's weighing be not like commended ; both in the course of my practice, and the weight of a balance gravia deorsum, levia in the course of my employment in her Majesty's sersursum.” But I am as far from being altered in vice : wherein, if your lordship shall in any antidevotion towards her, as I am from distrust that she thesis or relation affirm, that his lordship shall have will be altered in opinion towards me, when she no less fruit of me than of any other whom he may knoweth me better. For myself, I have lost some cherish, I hope your lordship shall engage yourself opinion, some time, and some means; this is my for no impossibility. Lastly and chiefly, I know account : but then for opinion, it is a blast that not whether I shall attain to see your lordship begoeth and cometh ; for time, it is true, it goeth and fore your noble journey; for ceremonies are things cometh not; but yet I have learned that it may be infinitely inferior to my love and to my zeal. This redeemed.

let me, with your allowance, say unto you by pen. For means, I value that most; and the rather, It is true, that in my well meaning advices, out of because I am purposed, not to follow the practice of my love to your lordship, and perhaps out of the the law, if her Majesty command me in any parti- state of mine own mind, I have sometimes percular, I shall be ready to do her willing service ; suaded a course differing : ac tibi pro tutis insig. and my reason is only, because it drinketh too much nia facta placebunt:" be it so, yet remember, that time, which I have dedicated to better purposes. the signing of your name is nothing, unless it be to But even for that point of estate and means, I partly some good patent or charter, whereby your country lean to Thales's opinion, That a philosopher may be may be endowed with good and benefit. Which I rich if he will. Thus your lordship seeth how I speak, both to move you to preserve your person for comfort myself; to the increase whereof I would farther merit and service of her Majesty and your fain please myself to believe that to be true which country, and likewise to refer this action to the my lord treasurer writeth ; which is, that it is more same end. And so, in most true and fervent prayers, than a philosopher can morally digest. But with. I commend your lordship, and your work in hand, out any such high conceit, I esteem it like the pull to the preservation and conduct of the Divine Ma. ing out of an aching tooth, which, I remember, when jesty; so much the more watchful, as these actions • Rawley's Resuscitatio.

+ Ibid.


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do more manifestly in show, though alike in truth, depend upon his divine providence.



I MAY perceive, by my lord keeper, that your XXXV. TO SIR JOHN STANHOPE.. lordship, as the time served, signified unto him an

intention to confer with his lordship at better opSIR,

portunity ; which in regard of your several, and Your good promises sleep, which it may seem weighty occasions, I have thought good to put your now no time to awake. But that I do not find that lordship in remembrance of; that now at his coming any general kalendar of observation of time serveth to the court it may be executed : desiring your good for the court: and besides, if that be done, which I lordship, nevertheless, not to conceive out of this hope by this time is done ; and that other matters my diligence in soliciting this matter, that I am shall be done, which we wish may be done, I hope either much in appetite, or much in hope. For as to my poor matter, the one of these great matters for appetite, the waters of Parnassus are not like may clear the way, and the other give the occasion. the waters of the Spaw, that give a stomach; but And though my lord treasurer be absent, whose rather they quench appetite and desires. And for health nevertheless will enable him to be sooner at hope, how can he hope much, that can allege no court than is expected; especially if this hard wea- other reason than the reason of an evil debtor, who ther, too hard to continue, shall relent; yet we will persuade his creditor to lend him new sums, abroad say, his lordship’s spirit may be there, though and to enter farther in with him to make him satishis person be away. Once I take for a good ground, fy the old ? and to her Majesty no other reason, but that her Majesty's business ought to keep neither the reason of a waterman; I am her first man of vacation nor holy-day, either in the execution, or in those who serve in counsel of law ? and so I comthe care and preparation of those whom her Ma- mit your lordship to God's best preservation. jesty calleth and useth: and therefore I would think no time barred from remembering that, with such discretion and respect as appertaineth. The conclusion shall be, to put you in mind to maintain that XXXVIII. TO MY LORD OF ESSEX. § which you have kindly begun, according to the reliance I have upon the sincerity of your affection, Most HONOURABLE, AND MY SINGULAR GOOD LORD. and the soundness of your judgment. And so I commend you to God's preservation.

I CANNOT but importune your lordship, with thanks for your lordship’s remembering my name to my lord keeper; which being done in such an

article of time, could not but be exceedingly enrichXXXVI. TO MY LORD OF ESSEX. +

ed, both in demonstration and effect; which I did

well discern by the manner of expressing thereof by MY SINGULAR GOOD LORD,

his lordship again to me. This accumulating of The message it pleased your lordship to send me,

your lordship’s favours upon me hitherto, worketh was to me delivered doubtfully. Whether your

only this effect; that it raiseth my mind to aspire lordship said you would speak with me at the star

to be found worthy of them, and likewise to merit chamber, or with Mr. Philip. If with me, it is and serve you for them. But whether I shall be Deedless; for gratitude imposeth upon me satisfaction: able to pay my vows or no, I must leave that to God. if with Mr. Philip, it will be too late; because some

who hath them in deposito; whom also I most inwhat must, perchance, be done that day. This doubt stantly beseech to give you fruit of your actions benot solved, maketh me write again; the rather because

yond that your heart can propound : “ Nam Deus I did liberally, but yet privately, affirm your lord- major est corde:” even to the environing of his ship would write; which if I make not good, it may

benedictions I recommend your lordship. be a discouragement. Your lordship’s letter, though it have the subject of honour and justice, yet it shall hare the secrecy of a thing done upon affection. I

XXXIX. shall ever in a firm duty submit my occasions, though


FRANCIS BACON FOR THE EARL OF great, to your lordship's respects, though small: and this is my resolution, that when your lordship

ESSEX.H doth for me, you shall increase my obligation; when

IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MAJESTY, you refuse to do for me, you shall increase my merit. So leaving the matter wholly to your lord- It were great simplicity in me to look for better, ship's pleasure, I commend your lordship to the than that your Majesty should cast away my letter, preservation of the Divine Majesty.

as you have done me ; were it not that it is possible Your lordship's ever most humbly bounden.

your Majesty will think to find somewhat in it,

whereupon your displeasure may take hold; and so From Gray's-Inn.

indignation may obtain that of you which favour • Rawley's Resuscitatio.

+ Ibid.

# Ibid.

s Ibid.

# Ibid.

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