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“ congruityf.” Salvation is always & attributed in the Scriptures to the grace of God, independently of our works: and according to the Apostle's argument, “ if “ Abraham had been justified by works, “ he would have had occasion to glory, but o not before God : for to him that worketh - the reward is not reckoned of grace, but “ of debt. But to him that worketh not, “ but believeth on him that justifieth the " ungodly, his faith is counted for right“ eousness h.”
12. So decidedly does our Church maintain the doctrine “ of obtaining eternal sal“ vation only by the name of Christ,” that it is declared, that “ they also are to be had “accursed that presume to say, that every “ man shall be saved by the law or sect “ which he professeth, so that he be dili" gent to frame his life according to that " law and the light of nature.” For although in the equity of God none but those that “ have sinned in the law shall “ be judged by the lawk;" yet according to the authority alleged in the Article, there is salvation in no other than in Jesus Christ, “ for there is no other name under heaven “ given amongst men, whereby we must be “ saved!”
f Art. XIII. s Compare Ephes, ji. 8, 9. Titus iii. 5. h Rom. iv, 2, 4, 5. i Art. XVIII.
13. Thus is the justification of man as-. cribed by our Church to the only merits of Christ Jesus our Lord. It is also maintained, that though “ good works, which “ are the fruits of faith, and follow after “ justification, cannot put away our sins, “ and endure the severity of God's judg“ mentm," for in his sight “ shall no man “ living be justified";” and if there was not“ mercy” with him, if he was “ extreme " to mark what is done aniss," no man could endure ito; “yet are they pleasing “6 and acceptable to God in Christ,” nor is he “unrighteous to forget our works and “ the labour of lovep.” These good works “ do spring out necessarily of a true and
lively faith, insomuch that by them a
k Rom. ii. 12.
Acts iv. 12. m Art. XII.
6c lively faith may be as evidently known “ as a tree discerned by the fruit :" for “ faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being “ alone;" it is dead, even “ as the body or without the spirit, or without breath, is 66 dead 9."
II. 1. Our Church, deriving her morality from these principles of faith, admits not “ of works of supererogation,” of which it is declared, that “ voluntary works be“ sides, over and above God's command“ ments, which they call works of super“ erogation, cannot be taught without ar“ rogancy and impiety: for by them men “ do declare, that they do not only render o unto God as much as they are bound - to do, but that they do more for his - sake, than of bounden duty is required. 6. Whereas Christ saith plainly, · When ye 6 have done all that are commanded to you, " say, We are unprofitable servants".'”
2. The moral precepts which our Church delivers are deduced from the two great Commandments, on which hang all the law and the prophets, and embrace the
9 James ii. 17. 26.
several particulars of duty which we owe to God, to our neighbour, and ourselves. The summary of Christian duties, which is provided for the instruction of children in the Catechism; the rule of relative duties, of husbands and wives in the solemnization of marriage; of sponsors, and the children for whom they stand, in the administration of Baptism; the daily exhortations to the confession of sin, at Morning and Evening Prayer; the several addresses in the Office of the Holy Communion ; the solemn annual invitation to repentance and amendment of life in the Commination Office; and the affectionate admonition to the sick and dying in the Visitation Office; are all inimitable compilations of inspired and scriptural morality.
3. In her political maxims, our Church reserves to the king's majesty the prerogative of ruling “ all estates and degrees “ committed to his charge by God, whether “they be ecclesiastical or temporal, and os of restraining with the civil sword the “ stubborn and evil doers$.” She teaches her children “to honour and obey the king, “ and all that are in authority under him*;" and she offers her earnest prayers and intercessions for all “ Christian kings, princes, “ and governors, and especially for our “ king, that under him we may be godly “ and quietly governed":" " that he, know“ ing whose minister he is, may above all “ things seek God's honour and glory, “ and that we and all his subjects, duly “ considering whose authority he hath, may 66 faithfully serve, honour, and humbly “ obey him, in God and for God, accord- ing to his blessed word and ordinance.” These sentiments so exactly coincide with the doctrine of the Apostle, that it may seem superfluous to recite his instruction, to pray “ for kings and all that are in “ authority, that we may lead a quiet and “ peaceable life, in all godliness and ho“ nesty';" that “there is no power but of “ God;" that “ the powers which be are " ordained of God”;” and that “ he bear
s Art. XXXVII.