spirit: being filled with the fruits of comes the disciples of Christ, giving righteousness, which are by Jesus thanks to God, even the Father by Christ, unto the glory and praise of Him; that God in all things may be gloGod. (Phil. i. 11.)

rified, through Jesus Christ, 1 Pet.iv.11; In a word, whatever tends to the or, as 'tis expressed, Tit. ii. 10; that ye true honour of religion, to the promo. may adorn the doctrine of God our Sar. ting and establishment of virtue and iour in all things. To adorn the doctrine goodness among inen ; Whatsoever of God is, by your practice to cause it things are true, whatsoever things are to appear lovely and beneficial to manhonest, whatsoever things are just, kind; to show how glorious 'tis in its whatsoever things are pure, whatsoeve effects, and how worthy to be emer things are lovely, whatsoever things braced, and practised by all men. This are of good report, if there be any vir- is what the Scripture elsewhere calls, tue, if there be any praise, these are glorifying the word of the Lord, Acts the things which promote the glory of xiii. 48; glorifying it, and causing it God. God is himself a being of infinite to have its free course; so St. Paul holiness and goodness; a perfectly just explains it, 2 Th. iii. 1. 'Tis promoand righteous, as well as supreme gove ting the interest of religion and virtue, ernor of the universe : and the glory of and the general salvation of men; 'tis such a governor, is the establishment spreading the knowledge of God, and of his moral kingdom, the universal bringing men over to the obedience of establishment of the dominion and pow. his commands, in order to their beer of virtue, in the wills of all reason- coming capable of being partakers of able and intelligent creatures. His his happiness. Vol. II. pp. 10–18. natural kingdom is by necessity; for the material world cannot but obey him :

In connexion with these specibut his moral kingdom which is his greatest glory, is the dominion of right- tioned by Bishop Hoadley seems

mens of his preaching,'one fact men. eousness and virtue. Hence the apostles, in their exhortations to the practice of very curious.

"His preaching at any virtue whatsoever, frequently urge first was without notes; and so conthis argument that it will be to the glorytinued till he was rector of St. of God, (Rom. xv. 5.) God grant you James's : a method in which he to be like-minded one towards another, was peculiarly happy; not by trustthat ye may with one mind glorify God, ing to his memory entirely, and even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. And in the words of the text, fore, in which some have excelled ;

speaking a sermon composed bewhether ye eat or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God. Do not by heating himself gradually every thing, even the most common into any sort of passion, to which actions of life, in such a manner as may others have owed all their fluency of become the professors of the Gospel of language ; but by a certain strength Christ, and may promote the honour and coolness of head, which could and interest of religion. The words not easily be surprised or deceived ; are of the same import, with those in and a certain faculty of expression, Col. iii. 17. Whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the which was hardly ever at a loss for Lord Jesus ; do every thing so as be. plain and proper words.”'


Six Sermons on the Nature, Occa- sanctioned and even almost enfor.

sions, Signs, fc. of Intemperance. ced by the usages of society. It By Lyman Beecher, D. D. was the usages

of society that led Discourses on Intemperance; By

his feet to ruin. “Is it not so ?” John G. PALFREY, A. M. says Mr. Palfrey : Address before the Massachusetts

Society for the Suppression of Those who are from time to time Intemperance ;

By CHARLES breaking from the ranks, and going SPRAGUE.

over into the class of intemperate per

sons, are we not sure that it was in (Continued from page 604.)

each of them the less indulgence which To portray the miseries of intem- challenged no blame, that led to the perance to the drunkard and his greater, which is infamous and destrucfamily, to collect its statistics, and

tive? Going further back, can we cnshow its alarming prevalence, and

tertain the smallest doubt, that it was its fearful bearing on the welfare of the unchallenged customs of society, the community, is a comparatively sphere of that influence, which is about

that brought them first within the easy task. But to point out the to be thus consummated ? p. 57, 58. remedy is a more difficult matter. The great question is, What can Why did the boon companion make be done to remove the evil ? At merry with his friends with liquor; why what point of resistance can we

not with exhilarating gas, which would fally the friends of reform generally, its effects, and left them happier when

have made them happier while under and rear an effectual barrier against its effects subsided? Why did he who the common enemy? This is a pro- felt the smart of a wounded spirit, and blem which has tasked the wisdom

he who was harrassed by vacuity of of the wise and good, and called mind, not have recourse to the poppy's forth their efforts heretofore with- juices? They are a better sedative, are out success.

more conveniently administered, and Our authors have all felt it in- lap the sick soul in a more glorious elycumbent on them not to leave the sium of the fancy. This is a Turk's subject without attempting to solve medicine for a mind diseased. Why

is it not a Christian's ? this inquiry. They all trace the evil

There is but one answer. It is beto the same source, and take a com

cause the gas was out of the way, a mon ground as to the point where thing almost unknown, hidden in the reform must be commenced. They chemist's laboratory, and the opium find the secret of its prevalence in was out of the way, among the apothe. the customs of society. It is the cary's secret stores ; neither of them common and unreproved use of spir- substances familiar to the habits of so

tiety, and included in the economy of its among the temperate that fur daily life. The ardent spirit was in the nishes recruits for the great army way, and not to be sought beyond where of drunkards. It is through this friends meet, and families dwell, and space of twilight that all that mise individuals for their various purposes rable company have passed into resort, and the crowds of business and darkness. A man is neither born a pleasure .most do congregate.' drunkard nor becomes one sudden

All comes to the same point; it is, ly. He begins with moderation or

that ardent spirits are so often used to he would never end in excess. In

excess, because they are in general use

among us, meeting us at every turn, every instance of confirmed intem- and because with or without what in perance, the subject of it did but the individual case we call cause, it is make such a use of liquor as was to excess in frequent instances, that

[ocr errors]

pp. 59, 60.

when generally used at all, they tend cy, if we would not look upon it in all with a powerful urgency. Every where its full-grown bloatedness. We must, men meet with them, and, meeting with in a word, give up drinking as a necesthem, men are constitutionally liable to sary fashion, if we would get rid of become their prey. This is not neces- drunkenness as a necessary vice. This, sary, and many in fact escape. Num- too, unlike some good deeds, must be bers who use them, it is needless to say, done before men-in the sight of oor are men without a blot. But what do families, our friends, and the world.we thence infer? We might master a Our children, who seldom think tbat lion who should waylay us; but a coun- can be wrong which their parents intry infested with lious, would not there. dulge in, must no longer behold the fore ceasc to be dangerous to live in. strange fire an every day household

sacrifice. Our neighbours, who are

anxious to interchange with us the " It is hard,” says the author just courtesies of hospitality, must from us quoted, “ to account for the origin learn moral boldness enough to thrust of the different habits of different the insinuating foe from their tables nations.” It is the custom of the and firesides. Wherever our influence Turks to regale themselves with

can be fell, it must be judiciously ex. opium : ours is the equally needless erted. It must reach the young-who and more pernicious one, to drink for their seniors, and imbibe their hab.

enter upon life with a blind deference inebriating liquors. It is astonish- its long before they are able to weigh ing to reflect how extensively this the tendency of them. It must descend custom has inwoven itself into the to the poor—who are ever ready to cowhole texture of society, in our own py the manners and practices of those nation and in that from which we above them. It must spread round to are descended-making itself es

the crowds of imitators, whose most sential to all our social and our hos. anxious care is, to live like other people

-and who deem it a very important pitable intercourse, to our labor

study to find out what is customary, and our rest, our sorrow and our

without ever troubling themselves to mirth, our sickness and our health. ask whether it be right. In this way, On all occasions, and ainong all in this way alone, can the good work classes, drinking is the prevalent commence—and if then there be any custom.

thing left for the law, let those who sit There is something fundamen- in the seats of authority look to it.

They will not fear to follow where we tally wrong in this habit of our na

dare to lead. Sprague, pp. 26, 27. tion, and there is a dreadlul state of deception, or of apathy, in the pub

Mr. Palfroy suggests several lic mind respecting it. The habit must be changed, or our ruin is in things as partial remedies, froin

which he anticipates some aid to evitable and immeasurable, The custom must be done away—and these he mentions substitutes for

the work of reformation. Among every sober citizen, who really wish: ardent spirits, such as wines, coffee, es for a reform, must lend his own

and other substances, which may efforts and example to the accom- refresh without inebriating. Someplishment of such an end.

" Let

thing, he supposes, may be accomme then press you," says Mr. Sprague, "to the enforcement of plished by means of savings banks, the only remedy for this destroying who has little money at a time, is

justly remarking that “a person sin."

tempted to part with it for an idle If we would really bauish intemper. indulgence, because he knows of ance, we must close the hundred secret

no way to dispose of a small sum to avenues through which it winds its advantage ; and to inform him of way. We must turn our eyes from the such a way is to save much more pleasant shapes it assumes in its infan- than his money to him."

We are


“ Again,” says Mr. P.,“there is of courtesy to visitors, and of amusea great want of innocent public ment to our children.

First or last, in spite of your pruamusements among us. told of a certain king, that he of dence, the contagion will iake-the

fatal spark will fall upon fered a prize for a new diversion. deleterious poison will tell upon the

the train the We should do well to follow his ex

system—and the fangs of the serpent ample, stipulating for one which will inflict death. There is no prudent should be harmless and accessible use of ardent spirits, but when it is to the whole people."

used as a medicine. All who receive A dangerous remedy, we should it into the system are not destroyed by think, unless the evil it were de

it. But if any vegetable were poison

ous to as many, as the use of ardent signed to cure, should first be taken out of the way,- for all the popular banished from the table; it would not

spirits proves destructive, it would be holidays we already have are among be prudent to use it at all. If in atthe chief promoters of intemper- tempting to cross a river upon an elas

The example of other na- tic beam-as many should fall in and tions, adduced by Mr. P., are noth. be drowned, as attempt to use ardent ing in the present case, since, as

spirits prudently and fail, the attempt drinking is not the vice of those na

to cross in that way would be abandon

ed-there would be no prudent use of tions, a popular festivity is unat

that mode of crossing. The effect of tended with those temptations which attempting to use ardent spirits pruare sure to come with every similar dently, is destructive to such multioccasion in our country.

tudes, as precludes the possibility of But Mr. P. seems to have but lit. prudence in the use of it. When we tle confidence in these remedies, as

consider the deceitful nature of this promising a radical cure of the evil.

sin, and its irresistible power when it We have less. He speaks more to

has obtained an ascendency-no man our mind in the following passage.

can use it prudently—or without mocking God can pray while he uses it,

“ lead us not into temptation.” There To secure ardent spirits, in fine, from

is no necessity for using it at all, and intemperate use, the method seems to

it is presumptuous to do so.-Beecher. me no other than to drive them absolutely from common use; and, therefore, without undertaking to say what

It is not enough therefore to erect is every one's duty, I am sure that ev

the flag ahead, to mark the spot where ery one will be in the way of doing the drunkard dies. It must be plangreat good, who will resolve not to ted at the entrance of his course, prokeep, never to offer, and never to ac- claiming in waving capitals—THIS 18 cept them, except when professionally

THE WAY TO DEATH!! Over the whole prescribed, thus causing his modera- territory of "prudent use,” it must tion to be known unto all men,' and by wave and warn. For if we cannot his conduct calling their attention to stop men in the beginning, we cannot the subject. pp. 104, 105.

separate between that and the end.

He who lets ardent spirits alone, beWith Dr. Beecher, “retrench- fore it is meddled with, is safe, and he ments and substitutes are idle," only. It should be in every family a and the “prudent use" of spirits is contraband article, or if it is admitted, the deceptive road to ruin.

it should be allowed for medical purpo

ses only. It should be labelled as we la. I know that much is said about the

bel laudanum--and TOUCH NOT, TASTE prudent use of ardent spirits; but we

NOT, HANDLE NOT, should meet the might as well speak of the prudent use

eye on every vessel which contains it.

16. of the plague-of fire handed prudently around among powder-of poison taken prudently every day-of vipers and

In respect to the remedy of inserpents introduced prudently into our temperance, Dr. B.'s main position dwellings, to glide about as a matter is the following.

pp. 38, 39.

pp. 39, 40.

It is the banishment of ardent company of boats, and wagons, and spirits from the list of lawful arti- horses, and men—a more numerous cles of corrmerce, by a correct and cavalry than ever shook the blood efficient public sentiment ; such as

stained plains of Europe-a larger has turned slavery out of half our

convoy than ever bore on the wates land, and will yet expel it from the

the baggage of an army-and more

men than were ever devoted at once world.”

to the work of desolation and blood. This is the point to which he en- All these begin, coutinue, and end deavors to bring the public mind, their days in the production, and disand which he fortifies by an argu- tribution of a liquid, the entire conment that cannot fail to come with sumption of which is useless. Shoaid weight to the conscience of both all the capital thus employed, and all vender and consumer.

We would the gains acquired be melted into one

mass and thrown it into the sea, nogladly quote the argument at length, thing would be subtracted from na but must limit ourselves to some de

tional wealth or enjoyment. Had all tached passages. We shall, how- the men and animals slept the whole ever, quote the more freely, be- time, no vacancy of good had been cause nothing we could say would occasioned.-Beecher, pp. 67, 68. be more forcible than the language of these extracts, and because we

"The amount of suffering and are anxious to induce, if possible, mortality inseparable from the comevery one of our readers to possess merce in ardent spirits,” is anoiber the volume. It is a book which ev.

consideration which, in the view of ery good man should own, and, our author, “renders it an unlawful having read it in his own family, article of trade.” should lend it to his neighbors. Indeed, if we shall be instrumental in

The wickedness is proverbial of promoting the extensive circulation

those who in ancient days caused of these excellent sermons, we shall

their children to pass through the fire

unto Moloch. But how many thoudeem it one of the principal ends we sands of children are there in our land could have proposed to ourselves, who endure daily privations and sufin our attention to this subject. ferings, which render life a burden,

“ That the traffic in ardent spirits and would have made the momentary is wrong, and should be abandoned pang of infant sacrifice a blessing? as a great national evil,” is evident Theirs is a lingering, living death. to Dr. B. from various considera

There never was a Moloch to whom tions. Whether these considera

were immolated yearly as many child

ren as are immolated, or kept in a state tions will be equally conclusive to

of constant suffering in this land of other minds, his readers must judge. nominal Christianity. We have no

“ It employs a multitude of men, drums and gongs to drown their cries, and a vast amount of capital, to no neither do we make convocations, and useful purpose.”

bring them all out for one mighty

burning. The fires which consume Where is the good produced by the them, are slow fires, and they blaze traffic in ardent spirits, to balance the balefully in every part of our land; enormous evils inseparable from the throughout wbich the cries of injured trade? What drop of good does it children, and orphans go up to heaven. pour into the ocean of misery which could all these woes, the product of it creates? And is all this expense of intemperance, be brought out into one capital, and time, and effort, to be sus- place, and the monster who inflicts the tained for nothing ? Look at the sufferings be seen personified, the namighty system of useless operations, tion would be furious with indignation. the fleet of vessels running to and fro- Humanity, conscience, religion, all the sooty buildings throughout the would conspire, to stop a work of such land, darkening the heavens with their malignity. steam and smoke--the innumerable We are appalled, and shocked, at

« VorigeDoorgaan »