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with some passages of the Bible is her duty ; be neat ; in walking and worthy of notice.
resting, preserve modesty ; in all
her actions, observe a rule ;--these FROM " MING SIN PAOU KEEN,” constitute female virtue. Let her (Indo Chinese Gleaner, Aug.1818.) wash and dust well, keep her
clothes neat and clean ; bathe at “Sit in your secret chamber, as proper times; and preserve her if passing through the public street; person cleanly; these constitute take care of the inch-large heart, as female beauty. Let her choose if driving six horses.” Compare her words ; avoid unbecoming conProv. iv. 23. “Keep thy heart versation ; speak at proper times ; with all diligence.”
thus she will not displease others;
-these constitute female conversa« Man's temper is like water. tion. Let her diligently spin and Water overturned cannot be gath- make cloth ; let her not indulge her ered up again. The temper let appetite, in regard to savory food loose cannot be brought again un- and liquors ; let her prepare good der restraint.” Prov. xvii. 14. things to set before the guests ; " The beginning of strife is as when these constitute female labour. one letteth out water."
These four combine the essential
virtues and duties of women. They “ The living man who does not are exceedingly easy, and she who learn is dark, dark, like one walk- practices them is a virtuous woing in the night." Ecclesiastes ii. man.” 13, 14. “ Then I saw that wisdom The writer in the Gleaner reexcelleth folly, as far as light ex- marks, “ this sentiment of disrecelleth darkness. The wise man's spect to the female character pereyes are in his head, but the fool vades the Chinese books, manners walketh in darkness.”
and hearts.” More of it will be
seen in the extracts which are to - The mouth is the door of hu- follow. man misery; and the tongue, the axe which exterminates the body." “ Brothers are like hands and James, ü. 6. “The tongue is a feet. A wife is like one's clothes. fire, a world of iniquity : so is the When clothes are worn out, we can tongue among the members that it substitute those that are new. defileth the whole body, and set. When hands and feet are cut off, teth on fire the course of nature ; it is difficult to obtain substitutes and it is set on fire of hell.” for them.”
“ There are four things in wo FROM THE “SH00-KING.” men which deserve praise : a wo- “ The fish dwell in the bottom of man's virtue, her countenance, her the waters, and the eagles in the words, her labours. A woman's sides of heaven--the one though virtue requires no extraordinary tal. high, may be reached by the arrow; ent, above that possessed by others. and the other though deep, may be Her countenance requires not the angled—but the heart of man, at exquisite charms of superlative only a cubit's distance, cannot be beauty. Her words require not known : heaven can be spanned. fluent lips, or the talent of discus. earth can be fathomed-but the sion. Her labours require not a heart of man cannot be measured higher degree of skill and dexterity, -Prov. xxv. 3. “ The heaven for than that commonly possessed by height, and the earth for depth, and others. Let her be chaste, inno- the heart of Kings is unsearchcent, sober, and economical; mind able.”
The following description of the have the lotus for their father and Paradise of Fuh,” from some work mother, from whom their persons the title of which I have not retain are produced. [There are three ed, is found in the Gleaner for Oct. general classes, each of which is 1818. The uncommon magnifi- subdivided into three. There are cence and splendor of some of the born of the superior, middle, and images, and the frequent use of the lower orders of the first class ; of number seven, remind us of some the superior, middle, and lower orpassages in the Apocalypse. This ders of the second class; and of the difference however is striking : The superior, middle, and lower orders material images made use of in the of the third class; these differences Bible are seen to be only the dim among the multitude of animated representation, the imperfect em- beings are the consequences of the bodying of things unutterable- various degrees of depth or shallowvast and glorious spiritual concep- ness, diligence and sluggishness, in tions. But in the Chinese descrip- the active energies. The bodies tion these material images--the of the persons produced by the logold, and gems, and pearl--the pal- tus, are pure and fragrant ; their aces, and groves, and streams-are countenances, fair and well formed; evidently the substance, not the their hearts full of wisdom and withshadow, and when these are given out vexation. They dress not, and the picture is complete.
yet are not cold ; they dress and “The land of this kingdom is yet are not made hot. They eat yellow gold. Its gardens, groves, not, and yet are not hungry; houses, and palaces, are all elegant. they eat, and yet are not filled. ly adorned with seven orders of They are without pain, without itchgems. It is encircled with seven ing, without sickness, and they berows of trees, seven borders of ele- come not old. Enjoying themgant network, and seven fences of selves at ease, they follow Fuh, palisades. In the midst there are the gaily frisk about, and are without seven turrets and towers of gems, trouble. After every meal, they the seven flights of pearl stairs, the walk about with demi-gods, as their seven bridges of pearl, the seven companions, on the stairs and walks pools of pearl, the eight kinds of of that palace. Their noses inhale virtue-producing water, and the the most delightful fragrance ; their nine classes of the lotus. There ears are filled with the most harmoare also lovely doves, peacocks, nious music ; the birds of Paradise parrots, birds, of sparkling plu- singing all around. They behold mage, and of exquisite notes. the lotus flowers, and trees of gems The great and unmeasured god delightfully waving, like the motion O-LO-HAN, the famous disciples of of a vast sheet of embroidered silk. Fuh, the relatives of the demi-gods, On looking upwards, they see the the goddess KWAN-YIN, the most firmament full of the To-lo flowers, powerful deliverer, the most pure falling in beautiful confusion like "gods of the vast ocean, the unnum- the rain. The felicity of that kingbered renovating Fuhs, the un- dom may be justly called superlanumbered deliverers, all the demi- tive ; and the age of its inhabitants gods of past, present, and future is without measure. This is the ages, and all the sages, whether place called the Paradise (or joyproduced in heaven or among men, fulworld) ofthe West. Alas! the rich--all will be assembled on the sa- es and honours of men, after an hun. cred spot. But in that kingdom there dred years, all revert to emptiness. are no women: the women who will The elegance and glory of heaven live in that country are first change itself after a thousand years will ed into men. The inhabitants cease.”
Vol. I.-No. I.
How different from the Paradise are far removed from the convertof God--the heaven to which the ing maxims of the ancient kings, Christian aspires, and where his and are ignorant of the domestic hopes have built their home. They relations. Though born into this have no need of the sun by day or world, I should not have been difof the moon by night; for God is ferent from a beast. their EVERLASTING LIGHT, and the “ But now, happily, I have been Lord their glory. The Christian born in China! I have a house to can say, under the overwhelming live in ; have drink, and food, and flood of earthly disappointment, elegant furniture. I have clothing, “ We faint not,” - for our light af- and caps, and infinite blessings. fliction which is but for a moment Truly the highest felicity is mine.” worketh for us a far more exceed. Such is national prejudice. The ing and ETERNAL weight of glory; Frenchman surrounded by gendarwhile we look not at the things merie, and trembling with the fear which are seen, but at the things of the police, thinks that every othwhich are not seen ; for the things er country is frightful compared which are seen are temporal ; but with his beautiful France, his glothe things which are not seen are rious France. The Englishman ETERNAL. “We faint not,”- enveloped in everlasting fogs, and for we know that if our earthly blackened with the smoke of seahouse of this tabernacle were dis. coal, thinks that every country but solved, we have a building of God, old England is the abode of wretcha house not make with hands, ETER- edness and starvation. The GeorNAL in the heavens. But when gian in his pine forest or on his sulcalamity and bereavement beset try plantation, shuddering at every the disciple of Fuh, his only con- Whought of negro insurrection, glosolationis, Alas! the elegance ties in the “ moral strength” which and glory of heaven itself, after a exalts him above the plodding, thousand years will cease.
scheming yankees. The citizen of The reader may be gratified the west, riding through woods and with one more extract, which shows swamps to visit his next neighbour, us what is the Chinese idea of a is proud that he has elbow room, paradise on earth. The national and thinks it would be imprisonpride of the Chinese is well known. ment to live in the “old settleTheir country is the celestial em- ments.” The New-Englander pire. It is the centre of the uni- looks round on his bleak hills, and verse. All other nations are hordes calls the rough landscape “ the of miserable wretches whose high- glory of all lands.” And the est blessedness is, by trading with i China man” exults that he, of all the happy inhabitants of their celes- the world, has a house to live in ; tial empire, to obtain a few of their bas drink, and food, and elegant superabundant good ihings. The fol. furniture ; has clothing, and caps, lowing piece of self-gratulation is ta- and infinite blessings. DRON. ken from the Gleaner for Oct. 1818. It is from the lips of Teen-ke-shih.
LINES “ I felicitate myself that I was
Suggested by attending worship (for the born in China. I constantly think,
first time after crossing the Atlantic) at what if I had been born beyond the Chapel of the Rev. Lewis Way, on the seas, in some remote part of the Champs ELYSEES, Paris. the earth, where the cold freezes, or the heat seorches. where the That sacred dome, which meekly smiles,
O'er scenes where Pleasure revels wide: people are clothed with the leaves
And calls from Earth's seducing wiles, of plants, eat wood, dwell in the The souls where Faith and Hope re"wilderness, lie in holes of the earth ; side ;
To weep for sin where others weep;
To pour his prayer while others prayed, * The building converted into a placo Again, with gratitude too deep
of worship by Mr. Way, was formerly a For utterance, view THE BROKEN BREAD. saloon for dancing, attached to the estate
which he purchased on the Champs ElyNo face he knew-no eye was turned, sees.
No hand of greeting stretched to bim;
EXTRACT FROM MUENSCHER'S MAN- turies. The extract here given, is UAL OF DOGMATIC HISTORY. taken from the Introduction, which is
divided into six parts, and fills about (Translated for the Christian Speclator.) one hundred pages. The first part
prescribes the boundaries and the laws That part of Ecclesiastical History which relates to the doctrines which of dogmatic history; the second treats were held or taught in different ages
of the causes which have produced of the church, the translator has ven
changes in the doctrinal views of tured to denominate Dogmatic History,
Christians; the third is what is here in imitation of the German phrase Dog.
translated, and relates to the utility of mengeschichte. Among the most
dogmatic history. The remaining learned and candid writers on this
parts relate to the sources, the literap
ture, and the form of this species of subject, was the late Doctor William Muenscher, Professor of Theology at
history. Marburg in Germany. His Handbuch
“In this age, when so many limit der Christlichen Dogmengeschichte, their studies as much as possible, in four volumes 8vo. was first publish- and regard every thing as superflued about twenty years ago, and em- ous, that is not immediately necesbraces the history of the six first cen- sary in their calling,-a disposition
which is very common among young progress of human improvement, theologians, but not to be com- can look with indifference on the mended,--the question perhaps changes which Christianity has unmay be asked, What is the use of dergone,--on the contests between dogmatic history? Is it not enough, light and darkness, in which they that we understand the doctrines have alternately triumphed, --in received by our church as sound short, on dogmatic history, which and salutary ? Why then waste acquaints him with the advance time and labour to acquire know- and declension of religious knowledge of opinions long forgotten or ledge among that large and most exploded ? As such questions are respectable portion of mankind who likely to be asked, and indeed, of- have professed Christianity. ten are asked, it will not be unsuit- II. But dogmatic history is esable to state some of the advanta. pecially important to Christians ges to be derived from the study themselves, and doubly so to theoof dogmatic history.
logians. Whoever professes him1. To trace the efforts which the self a Christian, and much more if human mind has made for enlarg- he aspires to be an intelligent teaching, correcting, and confirming its er of this religion, can scarcely knowledge, must undoubtedly be avoid such questions as the followan interesting and instructive em- ing: Whence came the religion ployment. The mind of man is which I profess, or which I preach? ever reaching forward, searching Was it, from the first, what it now after new truths, rejecting once re- is; or by what series of changes ceived opinions, and striving to ob- was it brought into its present state tain more consistent and more per- and form? What has been its fate fect views; but it often meets in- among men ; and how has human surmountable obstacles, is thrown ingenuity improved or perverted it? back by adverse circumstances, and To answer these questions is the perhaps falls into error at the very province of dogmatic history; for time it supposes itself to be grasp- this, it is, shows us how the docing truth. Proofs in point are af- trines of Jesus were held from the forded by the history of human beginning onward, how they were knowledge in general, but especial- variously modified, loaded with perly by the history of Christian doc- nicious additions, or purged from trines. This exhibits, in the most them; it enables us to see what important of all concerns, both the the Christian religion originally was, direct and the retrograde move and what it afterwards became, as ments of the human mind. It well as the manner and the means shows how at one time, blinded by of effecting the change. Now ignorance and misguided by super should not a teacher of this relistition, it has mistaken alike the de- gion blush to be ignorant of all this? sign and the importance of religion; And as it is expected, and very and at another, has thrown off the justly too, that every preacher fetters of superstition and advanced should have a learned and systemdirectly towards a purer religious atic acquaintance with the religion knowledge and worship. Can a which he presumes to teach, a reflecting man feel no interest in knowledge of dogmatic history is learning how Christians, for whom especially important, as subserviJesus has marked out the path of ent to forming right conceptions true religion, have walked in it, of- and right judgments of our systemten falling into devious paths, and atic theology. For our system of then fetching a compass, again theology was perfected gradually, coming nearer to their mark? No each period shaping it so as to meet one that takes an interest in the the necessities of the age; and