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of the amount so required an amount equal to the value of such stock, or, at the election of the bank, the whole or any part of the payments which would be so made shall be credited upon the indebtedness of the member to the bank. In either such event, stock equal in value to the amount of the payment or credit, or both, as the case may be, shall be surrendered and canceled. No share ci stock shall be surrendered and canceled if the effect of such surrender and caricellation would be to violate the provisions of section 9 (c) requiring the amount of stock held by such member to equal at least one-twelfth of the Gutstanding advances to such member.

(d) Stock subscriptions other than by the United States shall be paid for in cash, and shall be paid for at the time of application therefor, or, at the election of the subscriber, in installments, but not less than one-fourth of the total amount payable shall be paid at the time of filing application, and a further sum of not less than one-fourth of such total shall have been paid at the end of each succeeding period of four months.

(e) If the law of the State under which an institution described in section 4 operates does not permit such institutions to subscribe for stock in the Federal home loan bank but if such institution has the power to borrow money and give security therefor, the board may permit such institutions to obtain advances on the same terms and conditions and subject to the same limitations as members (except that such institution shall not be required, during the period during which advances may be made under this subsection, to subscribe for stock in the Federal home loan bank or to deposit such stock as collateral security as required in section 9), but such institution shall be required to keep on deposit such security, in addition to liome mortgages, for such advances, as the board shall determine, which shall equal in value 1 per centum of the aggregate unpaid principal of such institution's home mortgage loans (but not less than $1,500). No advance to any such institution shall be made under authority of this subsection after the State in which the institution is organized enacts legislation authorizing such institution to subscribe for Federal home loan bank stock or after the expiration of the next regular session of the legislature of such State begun after the enactment of this act, whichever is earlier. If, at the end of such time, such institution is not authorized to subscribe for stock, the bank shall proceed to liquidate the indebtedness of such institution to the bank and terminate its relations with such institution. No avance shall be made under authority of this subsection which matures more than one year after the advance is made, but the bank may renew any such advance for yearly periods, or less, thereafter. The maturity of no advance authorized under this subsection shall be later than the time of the enactment of legislation authorizing such institution to become a member or the expiration of such session of the legislature of the State, whichever is earlier.

(f) The Secretary of the Treasury shall subscribe, on behalf of the United States, for such part of the minimum capital of each Federal home loan bank as is not subscribed for by members under subsection (c) of this sec'ion within thirty days after books have been opened for stock subscriptions as provided in subsection (a). Payments for stock subscriptions by the Secretary of the Treasury shall be subject to call in whole or in part by the board, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, at such time or times as may be deemed advisable. Each Federal home loan bank receiving such payments shall issue receipts therefor to the Secretary of the Treasury, and such receipts shall be evidence of the stock ownership of the United States. The aggregate amount expended by the United States for the purchase of stock under this act shall not exceed $125,000,000. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation act, approved January 22, 1932, is amended by adding at the end of section 2 thereof the following new paragraph :

“In order to enable the Secretary of the Treasury to make payments upon stock of Federal home loan banks subscribed for by him in accordance with the Federal home loan bank act. the sum of $125,000,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary for such purpose, is hereby allocated and made available to the Secretary of the Treasury out of the capital of the corporation and/or the proceeds of notes, dehentures, bonds, and other obligations issued by the corporation. For the purposes of this paragraph, the corporation shall issue such notes, bonds, debentures, and other obligations as may be necessary.”.

(9) After the amount of capital of a Foral home loan bank paid in by members equals the amount paid in by the Secretary of the Treasury under subsection (f), such bank shall apply annually to the payment and retirement of the shares of the capital stock held by the United States, 50 per cent of all

sums thereafter paid in as capital until all such capital stock held by the United States is retired at par. Stock held by the United States may at any time, in the discretion of the Federal home loan bank and with the approval of the board, be paid off at par and retired in whole or in part, and the board may at any time require such stock to be paid off at par and retired in whole or in part if in the opinion of the board the Federal home loan bank has resources available therefor.

(h) Stock subscribed for otherwise than by the United States, and the right to the proceeds thereof, shall not be transferred or hypothecated except as hereinafter provided and the certificates therefor shall so state.

(i) Any member may withdraw from membership in a Federal home loan bank six months after filing with the board written notice of intention so to do, and the board may, after hearing, remove any member from membership, or deprive any nonmember borrower of the privilege of obtaining further advances, if, in the opinion of the board, such member or nonmember borrower has failed to comply with any provision of this act or the regulations of the board made pursuant thereto or if, in the opinion of the board, such member or nonmember borrower is insolvent. In any such case, the indebtedness of such member or nonmember borrower to the Federal home loan bank shall be liquidated, and the capital stock in the Federal home loan bank owned by such member shall be surrendered and canceled. Upon the liquidation of such indebtedness such member or nonmember borrower shall be entitled to the return of its collateral; and, upon surrender and cancellation of such capital stock, the member shall receive a sum equal to its cash paid subscriptions for the capital stock surrendered, except that if at any time the board finds that the paid-in capital of a Federal home loan bank is or is likely to be impaired as a result of losses in or depreciation of the assets held, the Federal home loan bank shall on the order of the board withhold from the amount to be paid in retirement of the stock a pro rata share of the amount of such impairment as determined by the board.

(j) A Federal home loan bank may, with the approval of the board, permit the disposal of stock to another member, or to an institution eligible to become a member, but only to enable such an institution to become a member.

(k) All stock of any Federal home loan bank shall share in dividend distri. bution without preference, except that stock subscribed for by the United States shall be entitled to dividends at a rate of 2 per centum per annum cumulative from the date of investment.

MANAGEMENT OF BANKS

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SEC. 6. (a) The management of each Federal home loan bank shall be vested in a board of eleven directors, all of whom shall be citizens of the United States and bona fide residents of the district in which such bank is located.

(b) Two of such directors shall be appointed by the board. The terms of such directors shall expire one year and two years, respectively, from the end of the calendar year 1932, and their successors shall be appointed by the board for terms of three years.

(c) Nine of such directors, three of whom shall be known as class A directors, three of whom shall be known as class B directors, and three of whom shall be known as class C directors, shall be first appointed by the board and shall serve until the end of the calendar year 1932. Their successors shall be elected as provided in subsection (d), and of such successors first elected one of each such class shall serve for one, two, and three years, respectively. Thereafter all such directors shall serve for three years. Directors of classes A, B, and C, whether appointed or elected, shall be chosen from among persons connected with the home-financing business.

(d) The board shall divide all the members of each Federal home loan bank into three groups which shall be designated as groups A, B, and C, which groups shall represent, respectively, and as fairly as may be, group A, the large, group B, the medium-sized, and group C, the small members, the size of such members to be determined according to the aggregate unpaid principal of the member's home mortgage loans. The board may revise the membership of such groups from time to time. Of the directors elected as hereinafter provided, each class A director shall be an officer or director of a member in group A, each class B director shall be an officer or director of a member in group B, and each class ( director shall be an officer or director of a member in group C. Each member shall be entitled to nominate suitably qualified persons for election as directors of the class corresponding to the group to which such member belongs, and shall cast one vote for each director in its class. The directors of each class shall be nominated and elected in accordance with such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the board.

(e) Any director appointed or elected as provided in this section to fill a vacancy shall hold office only until the expiration of the term of his predecessor,

(f) The board shall designate one of the directors of each bank to be chairman, and one to be vice chairman, of the board of directors of such ba k.

(g) If at any time when nominations are required, members shall hold less than $1,000,000 of the capital stock of the Federal home loan bank, the board shall appoint a director or directors to fill the place or places for which such nominations are required. A director so appointed shall serve until the expiration of the calendar year during which he takes office.

(h) Each bank may pay its directors reasonable compensation for the time required of them, and their necessary expenses, in the performance of their duties, in accordane with the resolutions adopted by such directors, subject to the approval of the board.

(i) Such board of directors shall administer the affairs of the bank fairly and impartially and without discrimination in favor of or against any member or nonmember borrower, and shall, subject to the provisions hereof, extend to each institution authorized to secure advances such advances as may be made safely and reasonably with due regard for the claims and demands of other institutions, and with due regard to the maintenance of adequate credit stand. ing for the Federal home loan bank and its obligations.

EXAMINATIONS AND STUDIES BY THE BOARD

SEO. 7. The board shall cause to be made from time to time examinations of the laws of the various States of the United States and the regulations and procedure thereunder governing conditions under which institutions of the kinds which may become members or nonmember borrowers under this act are permitted to be formed or to do business, or relating to the conveying or recording of land titles, or to homestead and other rights, or to the enforcement of the rights of holders of mortgages on lands securing loans, or other. wise. If any such examination shall indicate, in the opinion of the board, that under the laws of any such State or the regulations or procedure thereunder there would be inadequate protection to a Federal home loan bank in making or collecting advances under this act, the board may withhold or limit the operation of any Federal home loan bank in such State until satisfactory conditions of law, regulation, or procedure shall be established. In any State where State examination of members or nonmember borrowers is deemed inade. quate for the purposes of the Federal home loan banks, the board shall establish such examination, all or part of the cost of which may be considered as part of the cost of making advances in such State. The banks and/or the board may make studies of trends of home and other property values, methods of appraisals, and other subjects such as they may deem useful for the general guidance of their policies and operations and those of institutions authorized to secure advances.

ELIGIBILITY TO SECURE ADVANCES

SEO. 8. Any member or nonmember borrower of a Federal home loan bank shall be entitled to apply in writing for advances. Such application shall be in such form as shall be required by the Federal home-loan bank with the approval of the board. Such Federal home-loan bank may at its discretion deny any such application, or, subject to the approval of the board, may grant it on such conditions as the Federal home-loan bank may prescribe.

ADVANCES TO MEMBERS

SEC. 9. (a) Each Federal home-loan bank is authorized to make advances to members and nonmember borrowers, upon the security of home mortgages, such advances to be made subject to such regulations, restrictions, and limitations as the board may prescribe. Any such advance shall be subject to the following limitations as to amount:

(1) If secured by a home mortgage given in respect of an amortized homemortgage loan which was for an original term of eight years or more, or in cases where shares of stock, which are pledged as security for such loan, mature in a period of eight years or more, the advance may be for an amount not in excess of 60 per centum of the unpaid principal of the home-mortgage loan; in no case shall the amount of the advance exceed 40 per centum of the value of the real estate securing the home-mortgage loan.

(2) If secured by a home mortgage given in respect of any other homemortgage loan, the advance shall not be for an amount in excess of 50 per centum of the unpaid principal of the home-mortgage loan; in no case shall the amount of such advance exceed 30 per centum of the value of the real estate securing the home-mortgage loan.

(b) No home mortgage shall be accepted as collateral security for an advance by a Federal home-loan bank, if at the time such advance is made (1) the home-mortgage loan secured by it has more than fifteen years to run to maturity, or (2) the value of the real estate with respect to which the home mortgage is given exceeds $20,000. For the purposes of this subsection and subsection (a) the value of real estate shall be as of the time the advance is made and shall be established by such certification by the borrowing institution, or such other evidence, as the board may require. For the purposes of this section, each Federal home-loan bank shall have power to make, or to cause or require to be made, such appraisals and other investigations as it may deem necessary. No home mortgage otherwise eligible to be accepted as collateral security for an advance by a Federal home-loan bank shall be accepted if any director, officer, employee, attorney, or agent of the Federal home-loan bank or of the borrowing institution is personally liable thereon, unless the board has specifically approved such acceptance.

(c) Such advances shall be made upon the note or obligation of the member or nonmember borrower secured as provided in this section, bearing such rate of interest as the board may approve or determine, and the Federal home loan bank shall have a lien upon and shall hold the stock of such member as further collateral security for all indebtedness of the member to the Federal home-loan bank. At no time shall the aggregate outstanding advances made by any Federal home-loan bank to any member exceed twelve times the amounts paid in by such member for outstanding capital stock held by it, or made to a nonmember borrower exceed twelve times the value of the security required to be deposited under section 5(e).

(d) The institution applying for an advance shall enter into a primary and unconditional obligation to pay off all advances, together with interest and any unpaid costs and expenses in connection therewith according to the terms under which they were made, in such form as shall meet the requirements of the bank and the approval of the board. The bank shall reserve the right to require at any time, when deemed necessary for its protection, deposits of additional collateral security or substitutions of security by the borrowing institution, and each borrowing institution shall assign additional or substituted security when and as so required. Subject to the approval of the board, any Federal home loan bank shall have power to sell to any other Federal home loan bank, with or without recourse, any advance made under the provisions of this act, or to allow to such bank a participation therein, and any other Federal home loan bank shall have power to purchase such advance or to accept a participation therein, together with an appropriate assignment of security therefor.

GENERAL POWERS AND DUTIES OF BANKS

Sec. 10. (a) Each Federal home loan bank shall have power, subject to the approval of the board (1) to borrow money, to give security therefor, and to pay interest thereon, and (2) to issue bonds and debentures having such maturities as may be determined by the board, secured by the transfer of eligible obligations of borrowing institutions on advances made by the bank to borrowing institutions and by the deposit of home mortgages.

(b) The board shall prescribe rules and regulations governing the assignment, deposit, custody, substitution, and release of the obligations of borrowing institutions to the bank which are transferred and of the home mortgages securing such bonds and debentures, the forms and terms of such bonds and debenturies, and the conditions under which they may be issued and retired, including any option with respect to payment and retirement thereof in advance of maturity, and such regulations shall provide for the deposit in trust, under such terms and conditions as it may deem advisable, of the home mortgages securing such bonds and debentures. For the purposes of this section the board is authorized to appoint, and fix the compensation and prescribe the duties of, a registrar in each district, who shall not be connected with or interested in any Federal home loan bank, any member, any

nonmember borrower, or any institution of a class eligible to become a member or à nonmember borrower under this act, and to require of such registrar a bond, in such amount and with such sureties as the board may fix, conditioned on the faithful performance of the duties required of him.

(c) Such deposits in trust shall be so maintained that the aggregate unpaid principal of the home mortgage loans secured by the home mortgages deposited as security for any issue of bonds or debentures shall, as nearly as possible, be at all times not less than an amount equal to 190 per centum of the total outstanding amount of such issue. Cash deposited under authority of subsection (d) shall be security for an amount of bonds and debentures equal to the amount of cash deposited. Direct obligations of the United States deposited under authority of subsection (d) shall be security for an amount of bonds and debentures equal to the par value of such obligations.

(d) The board may at any time require any Federal home loan bank to deposit additional home mortgages or to make substitutions of home mortgages to secure such bonds and debentures, except that when in the opinion of the board home mortgages are not available for such purpose, it may permit, for such limited periods as it may deem advisable, the deposit of cash or direct obligations of the United States in lieu of the deposit of su titute or additional home loan mortgages.

(e) The board shall approve or determine the rates of interest to be paid by the Federal home loan banks upon the notes, debentures, or bonds which they may issue except that no bond or debenture issued within seven years after the enactment of this act shall bear a rate of interest in excess of 512 per centum per annum, and no bond or debenture issued thereafter shall bear a rate of interest in excess of 5 per centum per annum, and shall provide such margins between interest rates received upon advances made to borrowing' institutions and interest paid upon obligations which the Federal home loan bank may issue as will cover' expenses of operation and reserves and, under such regulations as may be provided by the board, some part of such reserve may be devoted to retirement of the stock subscribed by the United States.

(f) The Federal home loan banks shall be jointly and severally liable for the payment when due of all, bonds and debentures, and of notes and other obligations issued by any Federal home loan bank, and interest thereon, in accordance with their terms: Provided, That this shall not prevent any particular Federal home loan bank, when specifically so authorized by the board, from borrowing funds temporarily under the terms of obligations which shall expressly state in substance in such manner as shall be approved by the board that the liability therefor is confined to the issuing bank. The Federal home loan banks shall from time to time in accordance with rules, regulations, and orders of the board make adequate agreements and arrangements among themselves for meeting the payment of the bonds, debentures, notes, or other obligations on which they are jointly and severally liable, and the interest thereon, but such agreements and arrangements shall not restrict in any respect the joint and several liability herein established.

(g) Each Federal home loan bank shall have power to accept only such deposits as are made by members and nonmember borrowers of such bank, or by other Feleral home loan banks. Such deposits shall not be subject to check, and no rate of interest in excess of 2 per centum per annum shall be paid thereon. Deposits" as used in this section, does not include deposits made under section (e). No Federal home loan bank shall transact any banking or other business not expressly authorized by this act.

(h. The board is authorized and empowered to permit, or, whenever in the judgment of at least four members of the board an emergency exists requiring such action, to require Federal home loan banks to rediscount the discounted notes of members or nonmember borrowers held by other Federal home loan banks, or to purchase the bonds issued by any other Federal home loan bank, or to make deposits with other Federal home loan banks.

In any case in which the board requires the purchase of bonds the board shall fix the price therefor, or if the board requires the acceptance of a deposit it shall fix the security therefor. The rediscount rates and the rates of interest to be paid upon deposits shall be fixed by the board.

(i) Each Federal home loan bank shall at all times have an amount, equal to the sums paid in on outstanding capital subscriptions of its members, plus an amount, equal to the current deposits received from its members and from nonmember borrowers, invested in (1) obligations of the United States, (2) deposits in banks or tiust companies, (3) advances with maturity not greater than one year made to members or nonmember borrowers upon such terms and

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