(2.) All his elect will be brought in by it. Hence, when the apostles Barnabas and Paul preached at Antioch in Pisidia, and met with much opposition, it is observed, however, that as many as were ordained to eternal life, believed, Acts xiii. 48 ; The sound of the gospel-trumpet will gather the elect, however vain the sound be to others; for Christ's people shall be made willing in the day of his power, Psal

. cx. 3 ; Though the rain fall in vain on the rocks, yet it does not so on the good ground. And that glorious instrument will be honourably laid by at the great day, having done its work.

(2.) His mercy and justice will be cleared by it, so as that gospel-despisers shall appear most justly condeinned, Acts xiii

. 46; while men have rejected the counsel of God against themselves. The offer of reconciliation will justify God's procedure abundantly against gospel-despisers.

2. It cannot be in vain, in respect of faithful ministers, who, according to the grace given them, pursue the great end of their office, viz. their acting as ambassadors for God, and praying sinners in Christ's stead, to be reconciled unto God, 2 Cor. V. 20,

(1.) In respect of their acceptance with God. Though their labours do no good, God will accept of their sincere endeavours to serve him in his work, Gal. iv. 11; compare 2 Cor. ii. 15, 16; Preaching the gospel faithfully, and warning every man, is our duty; converting of souls is God's work.. If ministers faithfully discharge their duty, and yet success answer not, God will accept their work, Ezek. xxxiii. 8, 9. Isa. vi.

(2.) In respect of their reward of grace. Some ministers God sets to tread out the corn, while they freely eat of their labours, and have the satisfaction to see the pleasure of the Lord prospering in their Master's hand. The mouths of others are muzzled; and they have nothing but weary work, like that of the disciples, when they said to their Lord,

We have toiled all the night, and have taken nothing.' Luke v. 5; But it shall not be in vain : God does not pro. portion his faithful servants reward to their success, but to their pains and faithfulness. For as it was with the Master, so is it with the servants, Isa. xlix. 4; I have laboured in vain, (says he), I have spent my strength for nought; yet

surely my judgment is with the Lord, and my work with

my God.'

3. It cannot be altogether in vain in respect of honest. hearted hearers, Micah. ii. 7. “ Do not my words do good to him that walketh uprightly?' When the word falls on good ground, it will bring forth fruit, though not always alike. It is hard to say, that ever God sends his gospel to any place, bụt there are some to be bettered by it, even then when he is taking his farewel of a people, as in the case of the Jews. There were seven thousand in Israel that had not bowed the knee to Baal in the time of Elijah, even when that prophet thought there had not been one.

4. It cannot be utterly in vain as to any that hear it, Is. lv. 11. forecited. It will have some effect following it. Even those who most of all receive it in yain as to good success, yet it is not in vain,

(1.) As to a testimony for God against them, to be produced at the last day, Rev. iii. 20. • Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If any man hear my voice, and open the door I will come into him, and will sup with him, and he with me.' Behold angels and men, be ye witnesses, that here is an offer of me to sinners. Though they should refuse to hear the message with their bodily ears, yet if it come where they are, it will be a witness against them, Matth. x. 14, 15. The dust of their feet shall witness they were there with Christ's message, and that salvation was in their offer. The servants of Christ must set up the standard, whether any will gather to it or not, Ezek. ii. 7. See ver. 5. (2.) Aš to manifestation of unsoundness, Eph. v. 13.

As the light of the sun will discover things in their own colours, though we wink never so hard ; so the gospel will hang the sign of folly at every man's door out of Christ. The gospel was in vain to none more than the greatest pretenders to religion in Christ's time; but see the effect of it, Mal. iii. 2. • But who may abide the day of his coming and who shall stand when he appeareth ? for he is like the refiner's fire, and like fullers soap.' Matth. iii. 12. • His fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into his garner ; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.' The wind will discover chaff by corn, though omnipotency must be at the work to change it into good grain. Hence the gospel oft-times draws the pillow

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from under people's heads, that never thoroughly awaken, tormenting them that dwell on the earth. Hence we read of some that say to the seers, See not; and to the prophets, Prophecy not unto us right things, speak unto us smooth things, prophecy deceits : get out of the way, turn aside out of the path, cause the holy One of Israel to cease from before us,' Isa. Xxx, 10, 11; There is much noise at this day about faithful preaching; and I do not doubt unfaithful preachers are wanting; but I greatly doubt if Christ's thoughts and men's thoughts will agree about what it is. Concerning this I would ask you,

Quest. 1. Whether that preaching which crosses the heart, corruptions of the hearers, even the best of them, or that which is suited and most agreeable to the humours of the hearers, and tickles them most, is the most faithful preaching? See Gal. i. 10; ' Do I now persuade men, or God? or do I seek to please men? for if I yet pleased men, 1 should not be the servant of Christ.' Where I shall only observe, that Paul makes no difference of men, professors or others,

2. Whether can a soul, ignorant of Christ and its own natural state, a profane man and a formal hypocrite, siç softest under that preaching, whose main scope is to level at people's particular case, on which the balance will turn at the great day, or that which lies further off from the vitals of practical godliness, and rubs on none so little as the hearers ? 2 Tim. ii. 15.

3. Whether the great stress of faithful preaching lies in insisting chiefly on such sins of the time as may be reformed, and yet we go to hell at the hinder end, or on those things that have been, are, and will be, the bloody sins of all times, which if they could be got reformed, Christ would get heart-friends, and we should certainly see his face for eyer in heaven?

4. ult. Whether is it the most faithful preaching that fills the hearers with convictions of guilt, self-loathing, and deep humiliation before the Lord, or that which sends them away commending the preacher, and puffed up with self-conceit? If faithful preaching were weighed in the balance of the sanctuary, the hearts of most hearers would say, that they have more of it than they can bear. I do profess, I have had less difficulty to preach things relating to the public, when I knew those were hearing me whose hearts would have been

galled with it, than amongst you, where there appears more zeal for these things than for true holiness of heart and life, lest my deceitful heart should be led aside to preach to please men. And not without grief of heart haye I often seen the snare, when, upon my beginning to speak of such things, an unusual attention and liveliness has suddenly run through among us, which has presently died out with that particular, and become as flat and dead as before at the most weighty points of practical godliness. But I must discharge my con: science according to my small measure, both as to the case of the public and private, whatever use men make of it.

(3.) As to execution on souls, if not on lusts, Christ's sword is two-edged, and with one of the two it will wound, Psal. xlv. 5; If it miss a man's lusts, it will not miss his soul, Hos. vi. 5;

vi. 5; ! If it open not the blind eye, it will put it out: if it soften not the hard heart, it will make it harder, Isa. vi. 10; The gospel never left a nation, parish, or person, as it found them, but either better or worse. If I had not come,' says Christ, and spoken to them, they had not had sin; but now they have no cloak for their sin,' John xv. 22; The ministers of the gospel in its most unsuccessful times, drive not an empty chariot; Christ is in it, and his arrows are flying about him, either to kill or make alive.

(4.) Lastly, As to the aggravation of men's condemnation, Matth. xi. 22, 24; The more the light of the gospel is de, spised on earth, the more violent is the flame in hell. Where the ladder to heaven is set up and not used, there will be a more deep sinking into the pit. There is no sin like the de. spising of the remedy of sin. Refused grace will burn like coals of juniper, Heb. x, 29.

Secondly, I come to shew, in what respects the gospel may be received in vain. A thing is received in vain when it falls short of its native effects and ends, as physic does when it purgeth not, Gal iv. 11; Now, in the general, the gos. pel is received in vain,

1. When it profits not men to salvation, which is the great end of the contrivance of the gospel, Phil. ï. 16; When men die eternally with the meat of their souls in their mouths, and starve while the manną rains about their tentdoors; while the soul remains and dies in the prison,, though Christ comes and proclaims liberty to it; thus it is often received in vain, Lukę xiv.

2, When the fruits of it are not brought forth in people's lives, Matth. iii. 8; When the gospel has its native effect on men, it changes their hearts and lives. It is the rain of heaven that will have ineet fruits following it, if it be not received in vain. The fruits of the gospel are two,

faith and holiness

(1.) Faith, Rom. x. 17; ' Faith cometh by hearing.' The gospel is that which holds forth the mean of the soul's reunion with God by faith in Christ, the only way to bring sinners back to God again. Now, when this is not effected, the gospel is received in vain. Hence the prophet complains, Isa. liii. 1; Who hath believed our report?'

(2.) Holiness, Tit. ii. 11; When this seed of the word is sown in the heart, it will sanctify it, John xv. 3; Eph. v. 26; It is that word by which the elect are created in Christ Jesus unto good works, having a converting and sanctifying power when impregnated by the Spirit. Now, according as these things fail, the gospel is received in vain. More particularly, the gospel is received in vain,

1. When the doctrine of it is corrupted, Gal. iv. 11; as in vain does that stomach receive meat, that corrupts it in, stead of digesting it. And thus is the gospel entertained in the land at this day, while error and delusions abound, and the confession of faith, that excellent standard of pure doc, trine, is attacked and vilified on every hand; and more particularly when the doctrine of grace is corrupted, against which almost all sects do bend their force, and in opposition to which they do usually meet. Two things here deserve tears of blood.

(1.) Much legal preaching, where duty is indeed pressed, and sin reproved, but the evangelic nature of duties is little cleared up, and men are driven into themselves to spin their own ruin out of their own bowels, and Christ and his grace are not preached, because not understood. And, which is most lamentable, there is little sense among professors to discern this legal strain that reigns in the sermons of many, but bona vor ct bona verba.

(2.) Much legal practice among professors. Their duties, like Dagons, are set in the room of Christ. There is little experience of turning out of ourselves, but a constant turning in to ourselves for what we do. And no small weight is laid on duties, nay, upon a very opinion in the matter of God's

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