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mattrasses in the shanty, besides manag. I islands; and there are sunsets which the ing most of the cooking; the men shoot, tropics themselves can never outdo. Still, fish, boat, swim, row over to the nearest the old colonist looks back with regret to village for the weekly mail, and make love bygone days when he took his canoe and in the long summer evenings. With such his rifle on his back, slept in a waterproof weather as one can almost count upon in bag, and wandered about at his own sweet a Canadian July or August, supplemented will among woods and streams where the by pleasant company, sufficient books, a beaver still built his dam and the wapiti man who plays the violin decently, and a deer still came down at evening to drink good supply of pure ice, three weeks or from the salt spring. The only foura month of such a life as this is not a bad footed game he ever sees when he goes break from the intense towniness of ordi- a-camping nowadays is a grey squirrel nary American existence. There are still among the pine-trees or a little red-backed plenty of black bass even in the St. Law. chipmunk peeping out timidly from a rence; there are huckleberries and ex-mouse-like hole beneath the bare foundaquisite wild flowers on the surrounding tions of the shanty.

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THE NEWLY-OPENED PYRAMIDS. Five stripped the bodies of the jewels, and the talisthousand years ago there was a busy scene on manic ornaments. The sarcophagus of Pepi the banks of the sacred Nile near to the holy was empty, but that of the son still contained city of Memphis. Men were hurrying to and the body which, so many years ago, was fro with stones and building materials, and on assigned to its keeping.

Builder. the broad river were the great barges and floats which bore the stone hewn in the dis. tant quarries to construct the pyramid, or last resting-place of the newly-crowned Pharaoh, Merira Pepi. By that strange mingling of The Reading Room of the British Museum present and future - that union of life and is a haven of refuge where many strange char. death which was ever before the ancient acters congregate together daily; but perhaps Egyptian, be he godlike Pharaoh or the poor the most mysterious of these visitors were the peasant - the great work of life was the prep- two brothers, booted and spurred, and with aration of the abode of death. Simultaneously, their martial cloaks around them, who used to as the costly fabric of the palace rose above sit apart at a small table about ten years ago. the walls of the holy city of Mennefer, “the The elder died in 1872; the death of the good land,” there rose above the tombs in the younger occurred in a steamer off Bordeaux on land of the departed—“the good abode,” or Christmas Eve. Their claim to be the lineal resting-place of the king when life was o'er. descendants of the unfortunate house of Stuart, Pepi, the third monarch of the sixth of Egypt's as the grandsons of the young Pretender, was dynasties, ascended the throne of Egypt 3230 often mentioned by the readers, many of whom years before the Christian era; and no sooner used to detect in the look and bearing of the had the decree gone forth that he was king, brothers some resemblance to the Merry Mon. than there was issued also the order to begin arch. Their real names were John Hay Allen the life-work of the erection of the royal tomb. and Charles Stuart Allen; but the historic For more than five thousand years has that titles which they assumed were John Sobieski tomb and pyramid withstood the ravages of Stolberg Stuart and Charles Edward Stuart. time, and now the spade of the explorer has They published in conjunction an elaborate removed the cloak of sand and débris which and expensive volume on the “Costume of the covered its entrance, and the walls and corri- Clans of Scotland," and a couple of imaginadors are found covered with texts, which will tive and fantastic works, fuil of mysterious reveal to us the pious prayers to be offered to allusions and obscure references to their prethe gods for the spirit of the departed king. tensions to represent the fallen family of Stuart. Side by side with the tomb of this monarch The titles of these latter works were “ Lays of rose that of his son, Merenra, or Horemsaf, the Deer Forest" (1848) and "Tales of the and this house of death, which bore the name Century 1746–1846" (1847). Rather more of the Kha-nefer, or "fair arising," has guarded than thirty-three years ago the pretensions of more zealously the treasure committed to its these brothers were subjected to a critical in. keeping thousands of years ago. The spoiler vestigation in the pages of the Quarterly Re. had entered the house of the departed, and view.

Academy,

Fifth Series, Volamo XXXV.

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No. 1945. — September 24, 1881.

{

From Beginning,

Vol. CL.

THE

771

790

CONTENTS.
I. SCHLIEMANN'S “ ILIOS:

SITE OF
HOMER'S Troy,

Quarterly Review,
II. In Trust. A Story of a Lady and her Lover.
Part VIII.,

Fraser's Magazine,
III. SCOTTISH, SHETLANDIC, AND GERMANIC
WATER Tales. By Karl Blind, .

Contemporary Review, .
IV. RECOLLECTIONS OF GEORGE BORROW, Athenæum,
V. WOMEN AT FIFTY,.

Spectator,
VI. BRIGANDS AND THEIR CAPTIVES, .

Public Opinion,
VII. AN ANCIENT ILLYRIAN CAPITAL, .

Pall Mall Gazette,
Title and Index to Volume CL.

.

809 817 820 822 824

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For Eight Dollars, remitted directly to the Publishers, the Living Age will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office money-order, if possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks and money-orders should be made payable to the order of LITTBLL & Co.

Single Numbers of THE LIVING AGE, 18 cents,

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THE DEATH OF ACHILLES.*

They bore him back, The grey dawn glimmered, and the ebbing And all the host fell back; and in the tents, tide

In place of wine and mirth and revelry, Slipped from the naked sands about the ships,

Was woe of women, and dismay of men. And drained Scamander of its full-fed life. Spectator.

O. OGLE. But in the Grecian camp was life and stir, Neighing of full-fed steeds, and clank of arms, And trumpet-calls and marshalling of men; For that this day the master of the war, Pelides' self, should take the field, and sweep

THE WHEAT IN BLOSSOM. The Trojan battle from the plains of Troy.

A SUMMER IDYL. So men, unknowing, spake; and from his tents, With godlike step and godlike in his face, No grateful zephyr breathes at eventide, Achilles came. And all about his limbs

Fondly expected all the sultry day; The wondrous armor which the fire-god Stillness oppressive reigns on every side, wrought,

While tardily, on his descending way, Helmet and cuirass, cuisses, and the shield The crimson sun withdraws his scorching ray. Sevenfold, and shapely greaves, that shot their All nature feels the burden ; nor around light

Is seen a moving thing. The lambs of play Down on the naked marble of his feet.

Are wearied, and now sleep. The birds His look was as of one who knew not care,

have found Nor memory of the past, nor things to come; Long since their nightly shelter. Hush ! there Nor the dead comrade, nor the fell revenge,

is a sound. Nor shame of slaughtered warriors at the pyre, Nor lust of ravished maid, nor sullen strife, High overhead the swallows poise and dart Nor the short span, and swiftly-severed (The tropic warmth has tempted from the thread,

nest But only present triumph.

The gaping fledglings, who the novel art

To the front Of self-support acquire). The goat is He strode; and shading with an upraised pressed hand

In their soft beaks, whose frequent snaps His level glance, gazed at the Trojan lines,

arrest Which, thrice as far as bowmen shoot the bow, The vacant ear below : so deep the calm. Were clustering, thick as ants in harvest-time Does this profound tranquillity suggest Cluster around their harried nest, and brave No thought in sympathy - this peace em. With weak defence the ruin that impends.

balm But one was in their van, who seemed in shape, No treasured reminiscence? Hark! a joyous In grace, and nimbleness, and fatal gift

psalm. Of beauty, like the shepherd-prince who lured The love of Spartan Helen from her lord. Though on the wide-stretched fields the sea. No man was near him, none seemed 'ware of

green corn

Stands motionless - no jointed stem vibrates, Alone he stood, unhelmed, and round his head No bloom-tipped head, unfilled, aslant is The rising sun, smiting the rising mist,

borne, Broke in a sudden glory; and behind,

No pendent blade a breath now agitates; High up, the towers of angry Pallas frowned. O gracious stillness ! He who animates No armor had he, save that in his hand

The mute celestial spheres with praiseful A golden bow was bended to the full;

strain, And as Achilles turned, with curving lip, In Reason's ear attent, in thee creates Contemptuous, to his men, an arrow sang, A kindred voice. Though silent thy refrain, And cleft the middle air, and dipped, and To sense-bound hearing, it is sung each year plunged

again. Full on the naked marble of bis foot. Through high-arched instep, ankle, and the For in the universal quietude strings

Omnipotence the breath of heaven holds That bind the straining heel, it sped, and nailed chained, The wolf-skin sandal to the crimson sand. While storing from its boundless plenitude Slow on one knee he sank, his strong, right The tender-blossomed corn. So is there hand

gained Staying his fall, and watched with steady eye The battle of the people's life, unstained The full life draining from the wound, and The battle-ground by hostile peoples' blood. spake,

“Be filled with bread," the still, small voice “Mother, thy word was true. The end is proclaimed,

Unheard by sense. The fields are charged Nor ever spake again.

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with food;

And in its calm the landscape shouts, “All The legends of Achilles' death differ in attributing praise to God.” the fatal wound, some to Paris, and some to Apollo.

Good Words.

R. COOPER

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From The Quarterly Review. systematically the whole extent of the SCHLIEMANN'S “ILIOS :" THE SITE OF ruins which form the heart and kernel of HOMER'S TROY."

the hill of Hissarlik — that “burnt city” The comprehensive title of Dr. Schlie- which seems - though only in modified mann's new work indicates the pains he sense, to be explained presently - to has taken to set forth the fruits of his have the best title to the name of “ Sacred ten years' siege of the “fortress hill,” Ilios." which occupies the only site that can The results of Dr. Schliemann's whole reasonably be assigned to Troy, and in series of researches in the plain of Troy, which alone therefore any existing ruins and of the discussions of his earlier work, of the famous city could be found, for the are now reduced to order in the splendid final judgment of scholars and antiquaries, volume before us, in the light of classical as well as for the pleasure and instruction antiquity on the one hand, and, on the of a public still happily moved by enthu- other, of comparative illlustrations from siasm for the noblest literature of the the whole field of research into the preworld. His former work, on “ Troy and historic antiquities of the world. To its Remains," which we introduced to some extent, indeed, Dr. Schliemann apEnglish readers seven years ago, t had pears in a new character; displaying the and will always retain the charm of an same energy and perseverance in explororiginal account of the discoveries, written ing the fields of subsidiary learning as in in leiters from the spot, as each new ruin carrying his trenches through the hill of or object came forth to reward research Hissarlik. As Professor Virchow has and stimulate curiosity; but for that very truly said, in his eloquent preface : “The reason it presented no orderly and compre- treasure-digger has become a scholar, bensive view of the whole results won for who, with long and earnest study, has scholarship and science. Nor was this compared the facts of his experience, as to be regretted, for a premature attempt well as the statements of historians and at such systematizing could only have geographers, with the legendary tradi

rejudiced and peded sound and fair tions of poets and mythologers.” That discussion, and have embittered the ani- he has been able to collect this vast mass mosity which, by some mysterious work of illustrative learning in the short period ing of human nature, the discoveries so since the close of his excavations in 1879, strangely provoked in certain quarters. is not the least remarkable of his achieveBut now the interval of seven years has ments. not only given time for calm, critical dis. As the fruit of these studies, added to cussion, aided by comparison with the his own researches, Dr. Schliemann's equally wonderful revelations made by present work bears a twofold aspect, Dr. Schliemann at Mycenæ, but it has Homeric and antiquarian; each side so also enabled the indefatigable discoverer complete in itself as to have an interest to overcome the bindrances which left independent of that connection which it his work imperfect, and to lay bare more is the author's highest object to establish

between them. The book appeals, not * Ilios: the City and Country of the Trojans: the Results of Researches and Discoveries on the Site of only conjointly, but severally, to the Proy and throughout the Troad in the Years 1871- scholar and to the archæologist. All that 72-73-78–79. Including an Autobiography of the classical antiquity and modern science Author By Dr. Henry Schliemann, F.S.A., F.R.I.

can tell us of the topography, ethnography, British Architects, Author of “ Troy and its Remains," “Mycenæ,” etc. With a Preface, Appendices, and and history of the plain of Troy, as the Notes, by Professors Rudolf Virchow, Max Müller, scene of the greatest of epic poems, is A. H. Sayce, J. P. Mahaffy, H. Brugsch-Bey, P: here collected for the Homeric scholar, Ascherson, M. A. Postolaccas, M. E. Burnouf, Mr. F. Calvert, and Mr. A. J. Duffield. With Maps, Plans, even though he should make light of the and about 1800 Illustrations. London, 1880.

objects that have been unearthed; while t Quarterly Review, April, 1874, vol. 136, pp. 526, these objects form a vast treasure of

It is convenient to explain that that revicw of the original German work was published before the En- facts for the student of primeval art and glish translation was undertaken.

civilization, and all that is included in the

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comprehensive science of anthropology, | learn. To the old assumption, reiterated though he may have a scientific contempt from Lucan down to the very time when for Homer. Professor Virchow, with a his excavations were going on – Etiant just and even enthusiastic regard for both periêre ruinæ — the child replied, “Faaspects of the discoveries, assures us that ther, if such walls once existed, they can“the excavations at Hissarlik would have not possibly have been completely de. had an imperishable value, even if the stroyed: vast ruins of them must still Iliad had never been sung.” But, as he remain, but they are hidden away beneath adds with equal emphasis, in that case the dust of ages.” And the boy was these excavations would never have been right : perished cities are not swept from made: “ The burnt city would have still the surface of the earth, but buried in lain to this day hidden in the earth, had their own débris or under succeeding habnot imagination guided the spade." This itations. This is now an accepted truism is a much fairer view than that which in archæological research ; but its practicomplains of the wide range of matter, by cal recognition may almost be said to have which Dr. Schliemann has labored to sup-begun with the great explorer to whom ply all that may have a bearing on the Dr. Schliemann dedicates his present subject. It seems dealing hardly with work, as “the pioneer in recovering the him to find fault with his seeing Homer lost History of the Ancient Cities of in everything, and then to forbid him to Western Asia by means of the pickaxe and touch anything that does not bear on the spade;" and we are now only beginHomer.

ning to reap the rich harvest, of which the It is impossible to separate Dr. Schlie- first fruits were so lately brought in by mann's work from the personality of Layard and his followers. How Schliethe worker. Whatever of human weak. mann himself kept his first faith, pursuing ness there may be in the man is eagerly the one object of his life through self-deseized by his detractors to disparage his nial which earned both the intellectual services; but a fair judgment will pro- and the material means for its accomplishnounce that, as in all men of true power, ment, is a story which will bear to be some weaker points even contribute to read again in his present autobiography. the strength, stimulating it to successful It must not be forgotten that the eneffort. In reviewing “ Troy and its Re-thusiasm for Homer and Troy, which mains,” we thought it would be good ser- formed the motive spring of all Dr. vice to our readers to show them the Schliemann's work, was regulated by two personality of the author, as revealed in great qualifications, - a thorough knowlthe fragment of autobiography prefixed edge of the poet, acquired by that selfto his earlier work on “Ithaca, Pelopon education which directed his attention nesus, and Troy; "and we saw how for especially to the subject matter of the the motive power of all his discoveries classic authors, and remarkable practical we must go back to the little village shop, ability, trained in a life of business; both where his soul was first stirred by the being guided by great natural sagacity. rhythmic roll of Homer's verse recited by The first taught him where, the second an unfortunate student. Dr. Schlie- how, to dig. To use Max Müller's hapmann's present work is introduced by a py phrase, Dr. Schliemann has fuller and more interesting autobiography, architectural divining-rod; but he knew which carries us back to a much earlier what he was looking for, and he found period, and shows the boy of seven years that and more. His first visit to the plain old inspired by his father's tales of the of Troy, with the Iliad in his head, not Homeric heroes, and by a picture of Troy only in his hand, gave him an almost inin flames in a “Universal History," not tuitive perception of the claims of Hissar-only with the resolve some day to dig up lik, rather than of Bounarbashi, to be the Troy, but, still more remarkably, with the site of that “Ilios” which must of necestrue principle of research which scholars sity have been in Homer's mind; and his and antiquaries have been so slow to practical ability at once suggested the:

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