“What, then, are you going to murder

From The Pall Mall Gazette. me?” Ivan made no reply.

" I will never

NEW ASPECTS OF GERMAN LIFE. be your serf,” he muttered at last. “I will just show you, whether you are my

Eisenach, August 4. serfor not,” roared his master. And Ivan The glow of enthusiasm with which was severely punished; but for all that, the English traveller revisits in middle the three bay horses were put under bis life the Germany of his youth is apt to care, and he received the place of coach- fade after months' experience.

From the mere tourist's point of view I Ivan appeared to submit to his fate, find extraordinary improvements, hotels and as he soon proved that he understood being far in advance of those familiar to his business, he quickly won the favor of me twenty and even ten years ago, and his master, the more so because in gen. much more comfort being attainable with eral he was quiet and civil in his behavior, only moderate increase in charges; from while the horses entrusted to him were so an æsthetic point of view the change is well cared for that everybody declared it no less great and commendable. Twenty was a treat to look at them. His master years ago Germany was perhaps the evidently preferred driving out with Ivan worst-dressed nation in Europe, the long to going with any of the other coachmen. coats, mufflers, and long hair of the men, Sometimes he would laugh, and say: the dowdiness of the women, being pro“Well, Ivan, do you recollect how badly verbial. All this is of the past. Very we got on at our first meeting? but I great attention is now paid by both sexes fancy we have driven out the devil after and all ranks to personal appearance, all.” To these words Ivan never made whilst a general increase of well-being, any answer.

But one day, just about better food, and better hygienic arrangeEpiphany time, his master drove to ments is telling upon the good looks as town with Ivan as coachman, the bells well as physique of the rising generation. jingling merrily from the necks of the An infiltration of French manners as well three bay horses. They were just begin. as of French taste is to be detected everyning to mount a rather steep hill at foot- where, while not a few wholesome practipace, when Ivan slid off the box and went cal notions have been gathered from behind the sledge, as if to pick up some ourselves. This is as it should be, and thing he had let fall. It was a sharp if we for our part would learn a lesson or frost, and his master sat huddled up in a two from our Teutonic neighbors in matthick fur, with a warm cap drawn close ters of thrift, contentedness, and also over his ears. Then Ivan took from un. ethics it would do us good. Here people der his long coat a hatchet which he car. are not materialized by great wealth, and ried in his belt, came close up behind his although in our eyes German respect of master, knocked off his cap, and with the titles and military rank may seem overwords, “ I warned you once, Peter Petro- weening, the general contempt of money, vitch, so you have only yourself to thank,” merely as money, has something fine about at one blow cut his head open. He then it. The golden calf is not worshipped on stopped the horses, replaced the cap care- German soil. Learning, official, military, fully on the head of the dead man, and and professional position are paid supreme taking his place again on the box drove court to. Small means and a modest style into town straight up to the police sta- of living are not held in degradation. Peotion.

ple who live sparingly, or, as we should say, “I have brought you General Suchin- stingily, are not ashamed of the fact and ski's dead body, it is' I myself who killed are not socially inconvenienced by it, as him. I told him I would, and I have done among ourselves. In Germany it is the it. So, take me."

man, the Mensch, the Wesen, that is held He was arrested, brought to trial, and in honor, not the fine things of this world sentenced to the knout, and then sent for which lend him a fictitious splendor. In life to the mines in Siberia. And thus, what other country of the world is the Ivan, the gay, light-hearted dancer, dis- professor, the teacher, and the savant appeared forever from the world of light. held in such esteem? German teachers

Yes, involuntarily, but in a different have a recognized position in society, and sense, we exclaim with Alexis Sergei. that respect is paid to the instructed vitch : “ The old times were good, but which is their due. Again, take the unthey are gone - and peace be with compromising self-denial exercised by them!”

German men and women in daily life. C. E. TURNER. French people are as rigidly economical,

but while laying by for their children or jects that are most interesting to a forfor old age always contrive to enjoy the eigner, and, as a rule, he must judge for present. What French people, even in himself, instead of trusting to information the humbler ranks of life, spend on eating gained from others. Perhaps, seeing how and drinking is enormous. Doubtless inany disagreeable books have been writsuch good fare and good wine have much ten by English writers about Germany, to do with their amiability and high such reticence towards ourselves need not spirits; but the Germans cannot afford to surprise us. In France the tongue is unhave a single extravagance, and only in- locked as freely as if national prejudice dulge in intellectual pleasures. The did not exist. At least, such is the dif. national love of music, literature, and the ference I have found, while being cordially drama is the bright side of life. And received in both countries. I have come there is yet one more lesson we may to the conclusion that the foreigner on learn from our German neighbors - German soil has much the best of it, and namely, discipline, the inculcation of duty, that, in spite of the great artistic and inthe almighty Pflicht, before which every tellectual resources here, there are checks German child is taught to bow. Pflicht and vexations which would render Geris taught in scliools as regularly as ABC, man life unendurable to outsiders. Prince and it is taught after sternest fashion in Bismarck, like an over-strict and overlife. Not only the young recruit learns it vigilant schoolmaster, has overshot the during his three years' enforced military mark and makes hypocrites of his schol. service, but the man of pleasure, the inof.ars. At least so I must believe, and, fensive citizen, the head of a family in notwithstanding outward expressions of every phase of his existence. Weré an loyalty, and an optimism commonly inEnglishman subjected to all the police dulged in, there is no country in Europe regulations and State interference hem where great changes are more fervently ming round a German, he would find life hoped for and relied upon. There is one intolerable. This discipline, therefore, point more I would mention, and that is however much we may admire it from one the unanimously expressed kindliness and point of view, and however valuable we admiration of the people, considered inhave seen it to be as an element of a dividually, towards the French nation. I nation's success, has a dark side, and have heard thoughtful, highly educated leads us to consider the drawbacks of Germans, men of the world too, express German social life generally. There can as deep a regret for the annexation of be no doubt whatever that the German Alsace and Lorraine as the most ardent individually is disciplined and taxed to French patriot could do, and the general death, and that Socialism so-called is but feeling seems to be a desire for concilia. another name for a widespread and deep. tion and friendly intercourse. The fact rooted discontent. The limitations put is, the Germans, no more than ourselves, upon speech and the expression of opinion can afford to miss French esprit, French must be felt as real grievance, iybilst vivacity, and the innumerable graces and the result is a caution, we might almost charms of French character, so strikingly call it a timidity, that particularly strikes contrasted to their own more solid yet an English mind. Nobody ever seems to none the less admirable qualities. It is dream of ventilating a public nuisance in pleasant to find that the social relations a newspaper, and, alike in the case of of the two nations are being renewed by social and political oppressions, there is travel and other means of intercourse, and no safety-valve of unlimited protest and that nothing stands in the way of a true discussion. All this seems to us strange understanding between French or Ger. in a country possessing a constitutional mans regarded as individuals but in. government and nominally a free press. creased knowledge of one another. At Frenchmen wear their hearts on their least so I judge, having had no mean opsleeve, but caution, not unmixed with portunity of forming an opinion. In fact, mistrust, is a leading characteristic of the unpleasant as is the admission, there can German. It is very difficult to get a fair be little doubt that the French are much question fairly answered that has refer: better liked than ourselves, and not only ence to any iinportant social or political here and there, but throughout the length matter. No one talks readily on the sub-l and breadth of the Vaterland.



Fifth Series, Volume XXXV.


No. 1944,- September 17, 1881.

From Beginning,

Vol. CL.

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Fortnightly Review,
II. IN TRUST. A Story of a Lady and her Lover.
Part VII.,

Fraser's Magazine,

Contemporary Review, . IV. BESIEGED IN THE TRANSVAAL. The De. fence of Standerton. Part II.,

Blackwood's Magazine, V. THE LAFAYETTE FAMILY,




X. THE GREAT SOUTHERN COMET OF 1880, Fraser's Magazine,

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For Eight DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office money-order, if possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts,

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Single Numbers of The LIVING AGE, 18 cents,


bound me,



Laughed ! and the echo of that hollow laughter UNDER the forest, of its snows unladen,

Rings in my heart with one eternal knell ; And kissing back the nervous kiss of spring, And the slow years which rolled their burden I sit and dream of courtly knight and maiden,

after, And old-world pomp encompassing a king.

With all the borden cannot crush the spell. Out of her wintry sleep the earth is waking,

Pines of the Sierras, spread your mantles And birds and flowers carol her réveillé;

round me, O'er East and West the common promise oh! that the free lands and free souls which

And hide me from the past, untrodden West! breaking, Breathes the first whisper of their holiday.

Could break the fetters of my prisoned

breast ! Without, the mighty forms of things primeval

Stand all untenanted of Custom's robes; In vain, in vain! Not the dividing ocean, Within, my mind shapes pictures mediæval, With all its storms one memory can drown; With pencil fashioned forth in other globes. While the vexed phantom of a lost devotion,

Still in the tortured bosom dies not down. The rugged miners share my board and pillow,

And by the camp-fire sing their lawless song; Up, and to work!. The Western spring invites But at a bound my thought o'errides the bil. me, low,

And freedom calls me forth among the free ; And breasts the strong surf by a flight as But'no! Nor work nor freedom here delights strong


The Eastern bondage falls again on me. What do I here, among the waving grasses,


HERMAN C. MERIVALE. Which never learned to trim their graces

wild? While by my side Nature's rude army passes, Another world still claims me for her child.

BY THE SEA. In vain I ply the axe in pass or clearing;

TIRED with the struggle, In vain I fill me with the unfettered air;

With the.ceaseless peeds of life; Still to my eyes are other scenes appearing,

Tired of the petty jar, Still my heart hearkens the low voice of Care.

Of the toil and strife;

Of the doubt and of the fear, Among our ranks no woman comes to harm us,

Of the care that haunts us here; And sow us discord for our hands to reap;

Of the fever and the fretting, No wiles and jars allure us or alarm us,

Useless dreaming, vain regretting, Or wanton with the mighty arm of Sleep.

Baffled aim, ungranted prayer,

Chafe and turmoil everywhere Yet here, for me, though heart and will are With a vague unseeing sight,

She looked on the September night. master, As strong as iron and as calm as Death,

Broad and vast before her, The will will waver and the heart beat faster,

Spreading leagues away, Touched by the memory of a woman's breath.

Hushing in the hush of night,

Gray beneath the gray, Why are ye here, rude fellows of my labor,

Light winds ruffling on her breast, Thus outlawed from the bounds of woman's

Lay the sea in solemn rest. reign? Read I, beneath the swart hues of my neighbor,

Bright and wide the pathway showed

Where the harvest moonlight glowed, Another story of another pain?

Reaching from the silent land,

By the great horizon spanned, She said she loved me, and one day she left

Where sky and sea together blend,

Where our dim sweet fancies tend.
Without a warning, and without a word;
Of past and future at a blow bereft me;

To the golden glory
The cause unspoken, and the plea unheard. Came a little bark,

Shone in it for a moment, Behind me honor, and high hopes before me,

Then glided into dark. A life of earnest and a name of worth;

So in a dull life's hours and days Her glamor shed the bright delusion o'er me ; A child's fresh laugh, a word of praise, Her presence kept the promise of my birth. A flower, a smile, a gentle duty,

Or a thought of peace and beauty, Then fell the blow, and past and future shiv. O'er the arid waste may fling ered,

A light all pure and glistening, Just at a fairy finger's heartless touch;

Where a sad heart may rest and win And from the bondage of a lie delivered,

New strength new conflicts to begin. i laughed that I had trusted overmuch. Tinsley's Magazine.


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From The Fortnightly Review. tain even for a few years her position as THE FUTURE OF ISLAM.

the guide and arbiter of Asiatic progress.

It was not altogether without the design In the lull which we hope is soon to of gaining more accurate knowledge than break the storm of party strife in En- I could find elsewhere on the subject of gland, it may not perhaps be impossible this Mohammedan revival that I visited to direct public attention to the rapid Jeddah in the early part of the past winter, growth of questions which for the last and that I subsequently spent some few years have been agitating the reli- months in Egypt and Syria in the almost gious mind of Asia, and which are certain exclusive society of Mussulmans. Jeddah, before long to present themselves as a I argued, the seaport of Mecca and only very serious perplexity to British states-forty miles distant from that famous cen. men; questions, moreover, which if not tre of the Moslem universe, would be the dealt with by them betimes, it will later most convenient spot from which I could be found out of their power to deal with obtain such a bird's-eye view of Islam as I at all, though a vigorous policy at the was in search of; and I imagined rightly present moment might yet solve them to that I should there find myself in an atmothis country's very great advantage. sphere less provincial than that of Cairo,

The revival which is taking place in the or Bagdad, or Constantinople. Jeddah is Mohammedan world is indeed worthy of indeed in the pilgrim season the suburb every Englishman's attention, and it is of a great metropolis, and even a Eurodifficult to believe that it has not received pean stranger there feels that he is no anxious consideration at the hands of longer in a world of little thoughts and those whose official responsibility lies local aspirations. On every side the chiefly in the direction of Asia ; but I am politics he hears discussed are those of not aware that it has hitherto been placed the great world, and the religion proin its true light before the English public, fessed is that of a wider Islam than he or that a quite definite policy regarding it has been accustomed to in Turkey or in may be counted on as existing in the coun. India. There every race and language sels of the present Cabinet. Indeed, as are represented, and every sect. Indians, regards the Cabinet, the reverse may very Persians, Moors, are there, negroes well be the case. We know how suspi- from the Niger, Malays from Java, Tarcious English politicians are of policies tars from the Khanates, Arabs from the which may be denounced by their enemies French Sahara, from Oman and Zanzibar, as speculative; and it is quite possible even, in Chinese dress and undistinguishathat the very magnitude of the problem to ble from other natives of the Celestial be solved in considering the future of Empire, Mussulmans froin the interior of Islam may have caused it to be put aside China. As one meets these walking in

ere as one "outside the sphere of prac. the streets, one's view of Islam becomes tical politics.” The phrase is a conven- suddenly enlarged, and one is forced to ient one, and is much used by those in exclaim with Sir Thomas Browne, “Truly power amongst us who would evade the the (Mussulman) world is greater than labor or the responsibility of great deci- that part of it geographers have desions. Yet that such a problem exists scribed.” The permanent population, in a new and very serious form I do not too, of Jeddah is a microcosm of Islam. hesitate to affirm, nor will my proposition, It is made up of individuals from every naas I think, be doubted by any who have tion under heaven. Besides the indige. mingled much in the last few years with nous Arab, who has given his language the Mussulman populations of western and his tone of thought to the rest, there Asia. There it is easily discernible that is a mixed resident multitude descended great changes are impending, changes from the countless pilgrims who have reperhaps analogous to those which Chris- mained to live and die in the holy cities, tendom underwent four hundred years These preserve, to a certain extent, their ago, and that a new departure is urgently individuality, at least for a generation or demanded of England if she would main-two, and maintain a connection with the

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