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“ Hans Schuman, by Schwarze Mulle, blessed meal — that is our grace after has taken two-thirds of the corn this sea- meat.” son, and has fetched it himself, which, if “Is the lamp in the Gartensaal ?" I be allowed to say so, is the best bargain asked Frau Alvsleben. we have made for years."

Gertrud answered in the affirmative, “ Indeed, my young friend has been and they all followed the lady of the tireless in his energies," chimed in Frau house into a smaller room on the right Alvsleben.

of the salle-à-manger. It opened on the After listening intently to this conver- garden and had the same aspect as the sation, hoping she might here and there one above, which had been assigned to catch the meaning of some word from its Grace. likeness to French or English, but in The walls of this apartment were painted vain, Grace turned to Gertrud, and asked: to represent a trellis covered with vine

“Do you ride much? You must have leaves. The furniture was extremely sima charming country for riding here.”' ple, and painted white — tables and side

“Yes, sometimes Frieda rides with the cabinets, or rather small presses, and grandfather, but I not. It is rather too rush-bottomed chairs, all were white. bold. I like best to stay at home; I can The curtains were of lace and old-fashwalk well, and far enough in the gar-ioned chintz; and through the centre den and fields."

window Grace could see the moonlight “But you are fond of riding, I hope,” sleeping on a terrace walk, raised a coucontinued Grace to Frieda.

ple of steps above the garden, and fur“Yes, yes, I like it immensely, and I nished with sundry rustic seats. It led am very brave; but the grandfather, he to the arbor at the end of the east wing, does not ride so often now, and Ulrich which she had noticed on her arrival that has taken away my pretty horse for him afternoon. Moreover, she perceived a self, he liked it so much when he came piano and well-filled music-stand at one last; so I have only a very young one, side of the room; of course her cousins and it goes not nicely. But Wolff — my were musicians - art and music are the cousin Wolff — has promised to – to- birthright of Germans. what do you say? — make it go right.” Frau Alvsleben had placed herself on a

“Break it in for you. That will be large sofa, behind an oval table draped delightful! Then, perhaps, we can ride with a dull grey-brown cloth of some cantogether. I don't much care what sort of vas-like material, the border of which was a mount I have, so long as it can go. I curiously worked, and over the centre a do long for a gallop!”

large napkin — rather what we should call And you shall have it! Potztausend, a tray.cloth — of choicest damask, like you shall !” cried Count Costello, who brocaded white satin, was spread diacaught the last words., “We must see mond-wise, a finely-shaped bronze vase about horses, mein lieber Sturm! My standing in the middle. niece here can ride, I'll go bail.”

While Grace was taking in these de“I doubt not, Herr Graf, but it is a tails, Herr Sturm was favoring her with difficult time; the

queries and observations in his best EnOh, we'll manage it,” interrupted the glish, having followed her to the window. count;

'" and I have a saddle for you, my “ You have had a var long journey, darling an English saddle, with three miss. I wonder you can stand upright!" pommels, faith! I picked it up at poor “Oh! we had a nice rest at Dresden. Von Dahlheim's sale, the last time I was We slept there last night, but we were at Vienna; and you wouldn't believe it, too late to see the gallery. The train but my little Frieda prefers the old two- from Cologne does not come in till twelve, crutch concern she learned to ride on." and by the time we had had breakfast

"Ach Gott !” cried Frieda, “three are and dressed, it was nearly two." so uncomfortable.”

“ Ach so!” returned Herr Sturm, with While Grace was wondering why Frie- an air of deep interest. He had scarcely da, the taller of the two sisters, was understood a word she said, and took always called "little,” Frau Alvsleben refuge in that invaluable exclamation rose, and making, her young cousin a which means everything and anything in curtsey, murmured something like “te "the mouth of a German. and “kite;” whereupon the count, also 6. You will find it not — not var ani. rising, took her hand in both of his, and mated lively at Dalbersdorf. No said slowly, Gesegnete Mahlzeit ! - | ball, or theatre, or concert,” continued

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Herr Sturm; "nothing but meadows, and

From The Contemporary Review. rocks, and trees!”

A LAST WORD ON DISRAELI. " That is what I like best. I have been shut up in London for four months, and

It must be now more than a quarter of it is quite charming to get into the coun

a century since, in an article in Fraser's try again.” Ja, gewiss – that is, certainly.”

Magazine, the writer applied to Mr. Dis“ Bravo! bravo, Sturm ! you are getting in the finest of our memorial poems :

raeli the fine lines which are to be found on with the language,” cried the count; but Herr Sturm, with an elaborate bow, Who breaks his birth's invidious bar, told Grace that he had "

And grasps the skirts of happy chance, nesses to do before he slept;" and with And breasts the blows of circumstance, another obeisance to Frau Alvsleben, he

And grapples with his evil star; left the room.

Who makes by force his merit known, “You play the piano?" asked Grace of

And lives to clutch the golden keys, her eldest cousin.

To mould a mighty state's decrees, “Yes; but Frieda is the musician.

And shape the whisper of the throne; And you?”

“Ob I can play but little, although I And, moving up from high to higher, like to hear it."

Becomes on Fortune's crowning slope After a little intermittent conversation,

The pillar of a people's hope, and the exhibition of some photographs, The centre of a world's desire. Count Costello bade them good-night. The appositeness of the application was

“I am more tired than I thought,” he questioned, and the closing lines are desaid. “But to-morrow I'll be all right, scriptive of a commanding position which and open my treasures to show you what Mr. Disraeli had certainly not attained, at fine things I have brought you from Lon- the time; yet the last quarter of a century don.”

has seen them come true to the letter. ss Ach! meine liebe, liebe Grace !” cried The brilliant leader of a forlorn hope has Frieda, as soon as he was out of hearing: been, for the past ten years at least, one “I burn to know what the dear grand- of the most potent forces of the monarfather bas brought us. You know, for he chy. Years before his death, indeed, his wrote that you and your good mamma fame had ceased to be insular. Out of helped him to choose. Will you not England he was the most famous of our

statesmen; one of the two great figures of “ I think you had better wait and have contemporary politics. In England we the pleasure of surprise," returned Grace had Beaconsfield and Gladstone; in Euin French, as Frau Alvsleben had asked rope they had Beaconsfield and Bismarck. in that language what Frieda said. And now, that potent personality, has Whereupon she remarked to her eldest been withdrawn from the arena; and it is daughter that the Grossvater must have no longer the words of Tennyson, but of bought wagon-loads, as he had brought Pope, that return instinctively to the very little money back with him. And mind: then she sa it was late — past nine o'clock; so Grace rose and bade them Conspicuous scene ! another yet is nigh, good-night.

More silent far, where kings and poets lie ; Frieda escorted her to her room

Where Murray-long enough his country's to find her matches and a night-light, Shall be no more than Tully or than Hyde !

pride which Grace declined to use; finally, kissing her and bidding her sleep well, There has been a surprising unanimity departed.

of opinion about Lord Beaconsfield in the After a short examination of a mysteri- public journals since his death. It is felt ous arrangement by which the upper by all classes that a prince and a great sheet was buttoned over the edge of a man has fallen in Israel. But it seems to quilted silk counterpane - a few minutes' me that the apologetic tone in which many listening to the profound and solemn si- of the most characteristic incidents of his lence a slight shudder at the notion of life have been dealt with shows that the her remoteness from all she had ever writers have failed to grasp the governing known — a loving prayer to God for the principle, the determining force, the vital dear mother and Mab - a last longing idiosyncracies of his career. We have thought of them, and the unconsciousness apologies for his early Radicalism; we of deep sleep crept over her.

have apologies for his conduct to Sir

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Robert Peel; we have apologies for his | the martyr at least can appreciate. Then, economical heresies; we have apologies as we followed each other into the bigger for his Reform Bill; we have apologies world outside the college quadrangle, we for his foreign policy. That is the tone, carried our "testimony” along with us for instance, which his eulogist in the the gospel according to Dizzy, as they leading journal adopts. If all these apol- called it in those days. Most of us could ogies are necessary, it is difficult to un- do but little for the good cause, as we derstand what is meant by the universal esteemed it. An occasional leader in a sorrow and sympathy that have been ex- provincial journal, an occasional article pressed, not only in England, but over in a London monthly — that was about Europe. Treated in this spirit, the char- the limit of our resources; though one of acter of Disraeli loses its picturesque our number, to be sure, secured a wider identity — any credible likeness of the influence and a larger audience; and I man in his habit as he lived becomes im- sometimes fancy that the change of tone possible — what we get is a mere caput and feeling which, about 1858, was permortuum. I believe (and I have enjoyed ceptible in the Thunderer himself, is to some rather unusual facilities for forming be traced to the fact that a comrade, who an opinion) that there is, throughout that had been rashly admitted within the remarkable career, from the point of view temple, was then ministering on his of the man himself, an essential consis- altars. [Poor D- -! He has gone over tency. I say, from his point of view; and to the majority in far from triumphal that is the main matter; it is not neces- fashion. By nó fault of his own, it may sary to maintain that the opinions which be; for at best it is a hard life, and the he held were wise or just, but only that rewards of letters are even more uncerthey were sincere and his own.

tain than those of politics or war. Spes

et præmia in ambiguo; certa, funera et More than thirty years have passed luctus.] since, at our university debating socie. My own share in this new crusade was ties, the character of Disraeli formed one but slight, yet it brought out to the full, of the stock subjects of controversy. in all sorts of pleasant and gracious ways, The speeches of the majority of the mem- the generous nature of the man. As the bers reflected the tone of the outside years wore on, the scattered papers took world, which was then ferociously unfair. shape and consistency; and at last, during Mr. Disraeli was being assailed from ail 1862, in what was called a “political rosides; the Peelites were furious at the mance,” much that had been said by us free lance who had driven them from in glorification of our leader in Fraser office; the Whigs dimly recognized that a and elsewhere, was presented in concrete great and resolute will was marshalling form to the public. " Mowbray” was the the forces of their hereditary foes, and real hero of this “political romance ; were bitter, in their icy way, against the and Mowbray was Disraeli under a thin plebeian chief who threatened their mo- disguise. Some of the pages devoted to nopoly of power; the Tory squires eyed him are yet, I think, vitally recognizable, him suspiciously, and accorded him a lan- - whereas the rest of it, after brief popuguid and half-hearted support; the mag. larity, has long since fallen dead. Here nates of the newspaper press rudely ridi- are a few sentences, taken almost at culed the political “adventurer” who random : had once wielded a pen. But at that time Mr. Disraeli was to us (there were not

Here, then, they found one, who, though more than half a dozen of us, all told, if I artificial speculations of a literary life, had yet

conversant with abstract systems, and with the remember rightly) what Thackeray was to displayed an unrivalled capacity for the manCharlotte Brontë when to him, before the agement of public affairs, and manifested in. days of his fame, she dedicated “ Jane comparable energy, daring, and resolution, Eyre;" we detected in him “an intellect alike in the conception and in the achievement profounder and more unique than his of a career. Associated with the genius contemporaries had yet recognized.” The which Mr. Mowbray manifested in the conduct smailer the sect the warıner the zeal; and of practical politics, two features were very the devotion which, through many disas- noticeable, especially in that intensely colitrous years, a small band of true believers men, in the first place, he was the only one

scious and imitative age. Of all its public offered to Mr. Disraeli may have gained who relied implicitly upon himself

. With in intensity because we were few. There cold precision he struck the blow that was, is a perilous delight in Ainging oneself, perhaps, to prove the turning point of a diffiheart and soul, into a losing cause, which I cult and protracted conflict; and, when he had

his peace.

Believe me,

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done so, he was immediately content to hold I entirely sympathize with the object of the

He had estimated the exact work, which gracefully develops a tone of value of what he had achieved, and he was thought and sentiment on the prevalence of content in silence to abide the issue. It was which the continued greatness of this country from this characteristic that to many he depends. seemed, as it were, to exert a direct and con. scious control over his career, - as though he

Your obliged servant, were not so much the creature of circum.

B. DISRAELI. stances as other men, and had more thor.

There are one or two other letters to oughly recognized and mastered the necessities of his position. He had rehearsed his career ;

which I may here without impropriety and, consequently, he played his part with refer, -one, especially, which throws a infinite accuracy and precision. And it was curiously direct light upon certain amfrom this, moreover, that he never publicly biguous incidents of his life. In an artimanifested irritation, or annoyance, or vented cle in Fraser for May, 1864, the controhis anger in the infelicitous language of pas- versy between Lord Macaulay and Earl sion. He was not moved, because he was Stanhope (when Lord Mahon) had furthoroughly prepared. . Nor, in the next | nished the text for a discourse on the place, was it possible to mistake the imper. historical antecedents of our political sonal nature of the man. There was no part

A few extracts from the article of his career which did not bear a direct and parties.* intimate connection with the rest; but, when are necessary to enable the reader to ever it had answered the purpose it was im- follow Mr. Disraeli's commentary:mediately designed to serve, it became de

The gage d'amour which Lord Mahon under. tached and separated from him, — whenever it took to defend against all comers was a someceased to engage the active energies of his what startling paradox. “I cannot but pause mind, he was able to criticise it with passion to observe,” he said, “how much the course less historical impartiality, as an object out of a century has inverted the meaning of our and apart from hini, for which he was not in

party nicknames – how much a modern Tory any wise solicitous or responsible.

resembles a Whig of Queen Anne's reign, and Originally published in Fraser's Maga a Tory of Queen Anne's reign a modern gine during 1862, the papers were col. Whig." Mr. Macaulay lifted the glove. The lected towards the end of the year into a modern Tories resembled the Whigs of Queen presentable volume, to which'a preface Anne's reign because the principles which was prefixed. Therein it was intimated these Whigs announced had been accepted by by the author that the age of dedications,

* Lord Stanhope afterwards pointed out to the writer like the age of chivalry, had departed. that he had not followed the controversy to its close. “Had these pretty solemnities,” it went “Allow me also to assure you," he wrote, on March on, “ been still in fashion, I should have 18, 1868, “ of the gratification with which a year or two

since I read the Campaigner at Home.' I was only ventured to inscribe a political story to sorry that you had omitted from that interesting series Mr. Disraeli; not merely because loyalty of chapters the one which I had read as an article in to one's leader is the first and most neg- parties, the controversy carried on, now thirty-five years

Fraser as to the transmutation of the Whig and Tory lected of political virtues; not merely be- ago, between my lamented friend Lord Macaulay and cause that leader is to us in England what good; and it would have been better still if you had

. Your discussion of it was, I thought, very Tully was to his countrymen in Rome followed it to its final close. For, if you will now refer optimus omnium patronus — but because to Lord Macaulay's

second article on Lord Chatham, I recognize in him, when dealing with and since collected in his . Essays, you will find from

as published in the Edinburgh Review, October, 1841, social and religious controversies, a the opening passages — enforced by a most ingenious breadth of aim and generosity of senti- Macaulay's opinion of the point at issue had come to

illustration from Dante's •Malebolge' - that Lord ment which I do not find in his oppo- be very nearly the same as mine. I ask pardon for pents, and which comprise the best and having so long detained you." most sterling elements of Liberalism." written, that the article of May, 1864, was one of the

I had forgotten, at the moment when the text was We were informed at the time that Mr. “Campaigner at Home" series — a series which, when Disraeli was quite pleased with the devo- republished, elicited another letter from Mr. Disraeli,

in which there is a pleasant glimpse of life at Hughentional attitude which the book and the den :preface together expressed; and, cer

“Hughenden Manor, July 31, 1865.

“ MY DEAR SIR, tainly, in the graceful little note which

“I am obliged to address you in your mask, for I accepted the dedication (if it was a dedi- cannot put my hand upon your letter, and therefore cation, there is no hint that any fault was

have lost your direction.

Mrs. Dísraeli is reading your 'Campaigner at Home,' found with the portrait that had been and gave me last evening a most charming description limned: Torquay, Dec. 28, 1862.

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We brought it with us into the country. I was not DEAR SIR, –

surprised at her account, for I am well aware of the

graceful fancies of your picturesque pen. I am honored and I am gratified by the dedi.

“Yours very faithfully, cation of “Thalatta.”

“ B. Disraeli."

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the Tories. The Whig had remained consist. I this morning. I read your criticisms always ent; the Tory had come over to the enemy. with interest, because they are discriminative, It may be questioned whether the retort, and are founded on knowledge and thought. though supported by Macaulay's fluent and These qualities are rarer in the present day facile logic, and adorned with a wealth of pic-than the world imagines. Everybody writes torial illustration, is entirely satisfactory. Is in a hurry, and the past seems quite obliterated it fair to assume that a party must be incon- from public memory. sistent because it adopts a policy which, fifty I need not remind you that Parliamentary years before, it had opposed ? During these Reform was a living question with the Tories fifty years the world has altered. Truth, in a for the quarter of a century, at least, that political sense, is a relative term. The sci-followed the Revolution of 1688. Not only ence of politics is not one of the exact sci- Sir William Wyndham and his friends were

Lord Bolingbroke correctly described in favor of annual parliaments and universal the duty of a practical statesman when he said suffrage, but Sir John Hinde Cotton even adto Sir William Windham, “It is as much a vocated the ballot. These were desperate mistake to depend upon that which is true, but remedies against Whig supremacy. impracticable at a certain time, as to depend peared to me in 1832 that the Reform Act was on that which is neither true nor practicable another 1688, and that influenced my conduct at any time.” In this view the Tory who when I entered public life. I don't say this to votes against an extension of the franchise vindicate my course, but to explain it. during one century, and who votes in favor of So, also, I looked then -as I look now its extension during the next, may be acting to a reconciliation between the Tory party and not only with sagacity but with consistency. the Roman Catholic subjects of the queen. The Whigs did not, as a matter of fact, pro- This led, thirty years ago, and more, to the pose to reform the constituencies during the O'Connell affair, but I have never relinquished first half of the eighteenth century. Reform, my purpose ; and have now, I hope, nearly as we understand it, was an unfamiliar idea to accomplished it. Somers and to Walpole. There were men of If the Tory party is not a national party, it that generation who desired to subvert the is nothing. constitution, and there were men prepared to Pardon this egotisn), which I trust, however, defend it in its integrity; but there was no is not my wont, and believe me, middle party. The notion of constitutional

Dear sir, with respect, reconstruction was the growth of a later age.

Faithfully yours, Moreover, it is positively incorrect to affirm

B. DISRAELI. that during the early part of the eighteenth century the Whigs presented an advanced and I have said enough to show the cordial the Tories a stationary policy. “The abso- relations which Mr. Disraeli maintained lute position of the parties,” Lord Macaulay with outsiders, — with men, I mean, who remarked, “ has been altered; the relative were neither in, nor of the Parliamentary position remains the same.". The proposition world ; and it may be added that this is directly at variance with the fact. As mat- pleasant facility of intercourse was mainter of fact, the parties had changed places. tained to the end. Just a year before he The order of nature had been reversed. The went out of office for the last time, a little tail went first; the head followed. And the brochure on the fierce philippics that were anomaly is easily explained. The Tories wanted power ; the Whigs possessed it. The being directed against his “criminal” for. Whigs had attacked the prerogative when it eign policy elicited a word or two of gracewas directed against themselves, but the pre

ful thanks : rogative occasioned them no uneasiness when

Hughenden Manor, Jan. 6, 1879. a Whig minister was in office. Impelled by MY DEAR SIR, – similar motives, the Tories, when an unfriendly It is capital; and worthy of the good old family of Dutchmen occupied the throne, were days of the “Rolliad” and the “ Anti-Jacobin.” willing to impose limitations on that kingly Yours faithfully and much obliged, authority which, as an ordinance of God, had

BEACONSFIELD. once been vehemently defended by them. So, also, with regard to the question of electoral Before proceeding to discuss, with such reform. As long as the Whigs corrupted the light as we may have obtained,* what may electoral bodies, the Tories clamored for be called Mr. Disraeli's political code, change; while the Whigs did not become re- the principles which underlie the whole formers until the electoral bodies, under the of his public life, and explain, more or second Pitt, went over by tens and by fifties to less satisfactorily, its apparent and superthe Tories.

ficial inconsistencies, - it will be well to This is the commentary by Mr. Disraeli, look for a moment at the manner of man -- which, as I have said, is very curious and interesting:

* I have other letters in my possession which show Grosvenor Gate, May 16, 1864. Mr. Disraeli's warinth and sensitiveness of feeling in a DEAR SIR,

very unexpected way; but they relate to private matI thank you for your article, which I received ters, and can only be referred to now.

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