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Persons represented. LEAR, King of Britain.

Physician. King of France.

Fool. Duke of Burgundy.

OSWALD, steward to Goneril. Duke of Cornwall.

An Officer, employed by Edmund. Duke of Albany.

Gentleman, altendant on Cordelia. Earl of Kent.

A Herald.
Earl of Gloster,

Servants to Cornwall.
EDGAR, son to Gloster.
EDMUND, bastard son to Gloster.

GONERIL,
CURAN, a courtier.

REGAN,

daughters to Lear. Old Man, tenant to Gloster.

CORDELIA, S
Knights attending on the King, Officers, Messengers, Soldiers, and Attendants.

Scene, Britain.

ACT I.
SCENE I. A Room of State in Kirg Enter LEAR, CORNWALL, ALBANY, GONE-
Lear's Palace.

RIL, Regan, CORDELIA, & Attendants.

Lear. Attend the lords of France and Bur. Enter Kent, Gloster, and EDMUND.

Gloster.

(gundy, Kent. I thought, the king had more affected Glo.. I shall, my liege. the duke of Albany, than Cornwall.

Exeunt GLOSTRR and EDMUND. Glo. It did always seem so to us : but now, Lear. Mean-time we shall express our in the division of the kingdom, it appears not

darker ý purpose.

[divideri, which of the dukes he values most; for equa- Give me the map there.-Know, that wo have lities are so weighed, that curiosity * in nei. In three, our kingdom: and 'tis our fast intent|| ther can make choice of eiiher's moiety t. To shake all cares and business from our age;

Kent. Is not this your son, my lord ? Conferring them on younger strengths, whilewe

Glo. His breeding, sir, hath been at my Unburden'd crawl toward death.--Our son of charge : I have so often blushed to acknow- Cornwall, ledge him, that now I am brazed to it. And you, our nó less loving son of Albany, Kent. I cannot conceive you.

We have this hour a constant will to publish Glo. Sir, this young fellow's mother could : Our daughters' several dowers, that future strife whereupon she grew round-wombed; and had, May be prevented now. The princes, France indeed, sir, a son for her cradle, ere she had a and Burgundy, husband for her bed. Do you smell a fault? Great rivals in our youngest daughter's love,

Kent. I cannot wish the fault undone, the Long in our court have made their amorous issue of it being so proper I.

sojourn, Glo. But I have, sir, a son by order of law, And here are to be answer'd.--Tell me, my some year elder than this, who yet is no dearer daughters, in my account : though this knave came some (Since now we will divest us, both of rule, what saucily into the world before he was sent Interest of territory, cares of state,) fox, yet was his mother fair; there was good Which of you, shall we say, doth love us most? sport at bis making, and the whoreson must That we our largest bounty may extend be acknowledged. Do you know this noble Where merit doth most challenge it.-Goneril, gentleman, Edmund ?

Our eldest-born, speak first. Edm. No, my lord.

Gon.

Sir, I

[matter, Glo. My lord of Kent: reinember him hero-Do love you more thau words can wield the after as my honourable friend,

Dearer than eye-sight, space, and liberty ; Edm. My services to your lordship. Beyond what can be valued, rich or rare;

Kent. I'must love you, and sue to know No less than life, with grace, health, beauty, you better.

honour : Edm. Sir, I shall study deserving.

As much as child e'er loved, or father found. Glo. He hath been out nine years, and away A love that makes breath poor, and speech be shall again :-The king is coming,

unables (Trumpets sound within. Beyond all manner of so much I love you, • Most scrupulous nicety. + Part or division.

# Handsome. More secret. || Determined resolution.

Cor. What shall Cordelia do? Love, and Or he that makes his generation tt messes be silent.

(Aside. To gorge his appetite, shall tu my bosom Lear. Of all these bounds, even from this Be as well neighbour'd, pitied, and relieved, line to this,

(rich’d, As thou my sometime daughter. With shadowy forests and with champains Kent.

Good my liege,With plenteous rivers and wide skirted meads, Lear. Peace, kent ! We make thee lady: To thine and Albany's issue Comé not between the dragon and his wrath: Be this perpeiual.-What says our second I loved her most, and thought to set ny rest daughter,

On her kind nursery.--Hence, and avoid my Our dearest Regan, wife to Cornwall? Speak. sight!-

[To CORDELTA. Reg.I am made of that self metal as my sister, So be my grave my peace, as here I give And prize me at her worth. In my true heart Her father's heart from her!-Call France ;I find, she names my very deed of love;

Who stirs ? Only she comes too short,---that I profess Call Burgundy.--Cornwall, and Albany, Myself an en to all other joys, (sesses; With my two daughters' dowers digest this Which the most precious squaret of sense pos

third : And find, I am alone felicitate

Let pride, which she calls plainness, marry her. In your dear highness' love.

I do invest you jointly with my power, Cor. Then poor Cordelia! [Aside. Preeminence, and all the large effects (course, And yet not so; since, I am sure, my love's That troop with majesty:-Ourself, by monthly More richer than my tongue.

With reservation of an hundred knights, Lear. To thee, and thine, hereditary ever, By yon to be sustain'd, shall our abode (taiu Remain this ample third of our fair kingdom; Make with you by due turns. Only we still reNo less in space, validity y, and pleasure, The name, and all the additions to a king ; Than that confirm'd on Goneril.-Now, our The sway, joy,

(love Revenue, execution of the rest , Although the last, not least; to whose young Beloved sons, be yours: which to confirm, The vines of France, and milk of Burgundy, | This coronet part between you. Strive to be interess'd:what can you say to draw

[Giving the Crown. A third more opulent than your sisters ? Speak. Kent.

Royal Lear, Cor. Nothing, my lord.

Whom I have ever honour'd as my king, Lear. Nothing?

Loved as my father, as my master follow'd, Cor. Nothing.

{again. As my great patron thoughton in my prayers, Lear. Nothing can come.of nothing: speak Leur. The bow is bent and drawn, make Cor. Unhappy that I am, I cannot heave

from the shaft.

(vade My heart into my mouth: I love your majesty Kent. Let it fall rather, though the fork inAccording to my bond ; nor more, nor less. The region of my heart: bé Kent unmannerly

Lear. How, how, Cordelia ? mend your When Lear is mad. What wouldst thou do, Lestit may mar your fortunes. [speech a little,

old nian?

[speak, Cor.

Good my lord, Think'st thou, that duty shall have dread to You have begot me, bred me, loved me: 1 When power to flattery bows? To plainness Return those duties back as are right fit,

honour's bound,

[doom; Obey you, love you, and most honour you. When majesty stoops to folly. Reverse thy Why have my sisters husbands, if they say, And, in thy best consideration, check They love you all? Haplyll, when I shall wed, This hideous rashness: answer my life my That lord, whose hand must take my plight, judgment,

duty : Thy youngest daughter does not love thee least; Half my love with him, half my care, and Nor are those empty hearted, whose low sonnd Sure, I shall never marry like my sisters, Reverbs Ill no bollowness. To love my father all.

Lear.

Kent, on thy life, no more. Lear. But goes this with thy heart?

kent. My life I never held but as a pawn Cor.

Ay, good my lord. To wage against thine enemies ; nor fear to Lear. So young, and so untender? Thy safety being the motive. [lose it, Cor. So young, my lord, and true. (dower: Lear,

Out of my sight ! Lear. Let it be so, -Thy truth then be thy Kent. See hetter, Lear, and let me still re For, by the sacred radiance of the sun; The true blank 11 of thine eye. (mair The mysteries of Hecate, and the night; Lear. Now, by Apollo,By all the operations of the orbs,

Kent.

Now, by Apollo, kiog, From whom we do exist, and cease to be ; Thou swear'st thy gods in vain. Ilere I disclaim all my paternal care,

Lear.'

0, vassal! miscreant! Propinquity and property of blood,

(Laying his Hand on his Sword And as a stranger to my heart and me

Alb. Corn. Dear sir, forbear. Ilold thee, from this **, for ever. The bar. Kent. Do ; ' is barous Scythian,

Kill thy physician, and the fee bestow * Open plains.

+ Comprehension. Made happy. Value. Ill Perhaps. Kindred, ** From this time. #1 His children. 11 Titles. All other subjecti. # Reverberates.

I The mark to shoot at.

shall carry

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Upon the foul disease. Revoke thy gift; To match you where I hate; therefore beseech
Oi, whilst I can vent clamour from my throat, you
I'll tell thee, thou dcet evil.

To avert your liking a more worthier way,
Lear.

Hear me, recreant! Than on a wretch whom nature is ashamed On thine allegiance hear me!-

Almost to acknowledge hers. Since thou hast sought to make us break our France.

This is most strange! Vow,

(pride, That she,tháteven but now was your best object, (Which we darst never yet,) and, with strain's The argument of your praise, balm of your age, To come betwixt our sentence and our power; Most best, most dearest, should in this trice (Which oor our nature nor our place can bear,)

of time Our potency make good, take thy reward. Commit a thing so monstrous, to dismantle Five days we do allot thee, for provision So many folds of favour! Sure, her offence To shield thee from diseases of the world; Must be of such unnatural degree, tion And, on the sixth, to turn thy hated back That monsters it, or your fore-vouch'd ** affecUpon our kingdom: if, on the ienth day fol. Fall into taint tt: which to believe of her, lowing,

Must be a faith, that reason without miracle Thy banish'd trunk be found in our dominions, Conld never plant in me. The moment is thy death: Away! By Jupiter, Cor.

I yet beseech your majesty, This shall not be revoked. (wilt appear, (If for 11 I want that glib and oily art, (tend,

Kent. Fare thee well, king: since thus thou To speak and purpose not; since what I well inFreedom lives hence, and banishment is here.-- I'll do't before I speak,) that yon make known The gods to their dear shelter take thee, maid, It is no vicious blot, murder, or foulness,

[To CORDELIA No unchaste action, or dishonour'd step, That justly think'st,and hast most rightly said! Thathath deprived me of your grace and favour: And your large speeches may your deeds ap- But even for want of that,for which I am richer;

prove, (To REGAN and GONERIL. A still-soliciting eye, and such a tongue [it, That good effects may spring from words of That I am glad I have not, though not to have love.

>

Hath lost me in your liking.' Thus Kent, o princes, bids you all adien; Lear.

Better thon (me better. He'll shape his old course* in a country new. Hadst not been born, than not to have pleased

[Exit. France. Is it but this? a tardiness in nature, Re-enter, GLOSTER; with FRANCE, BUR- Which often leaves the history unspoke, GUNDY, and Attendants.

That it intends to do?-My lord of Burgundy, Glo. Here's France and Burgundy, my no What say you to the lady? Love is not love,

Lear. My lord of Burgundy, [ble lord. When it is mingled with respects, that stand We first address towards you, who with this Aloof from the entire point gs. Will you king [least, She is herself a dowry: ;

· [have her? Hath rivali'd for our daughter; What, in the Bur.

Royal Lear,
Will you require in present dower with her, Give but that portion which yourself proposed,
Or cease your quest of lovet?

And here I take Cordelia by the hand,
Brir.

Most royal majesty, Duchess of Burgaudy.
I crave no more than bath your highness Lear. Nothing: l'have sworn; I am firm.
Nor will you tender less.

(offer'd, Bur. I am sorry then, you have so lost a Lear.

Right noble Burgundy, That you must lose a husband. [father, When she was dear to us, we lid hold her so; Cor.

Peace be with Burgundy! But now her priceis fall'n: Sir, there she stands; Since that respects of fortune are his love, If aught within that little, seeming # substance, I shall not be lis wife.

[being poor; Or all of it, with our displeasure pieced, France. Fairest Cordelia, that art most rich, And nothing more, may titly like your grace, Most choice,forsaken; and most loved,despised! She's there, and she is yours.

Thee and thy virtues here I seize upon : Bur.

I know no answer. Be it lawful, I take up what's cast away.' y · Lear. Sir,

Gods, gods !’tis strange, that from their cold'st Will you, with those infirmities she owesį,

neglect Unfriended, new-adopted to our hate, My love should kindle to infiamed respect. Dower'd with our curse, and stranger'd with. Thy dowerless daughter, king, thrown to my Take her, or leave her?

(our oath,

chance, Bur.

Pardon me, royal sir; Iş queen of us, of ours, and our fair France : Election makes not upll on such conditions. Not all the dukes of wat'rish Burgundy Lear. Then, leave her, sir ; for, by the Shall buy this unprized precious maid of me. power that inade me,

Bid them farewell, Cordelia, though unkind : I tell you all her wealth.-For you, great king, Thou losest here, a better where Il to find.

[To France. Lear. Thou hast ber, France: let her he I would not from your love make such a stray, filthine; for we Follow his old mode of life.

† Amorous expedition.

Specious. Owns, is possessed of. | Concludes not Turn. ** Former declaration of. #1 Reproach or censure. # Because. Who seeks for aught in love but love alone!"

! Place.

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Have no such daughter, nor shall ever see For that I am some twelve or fourteen moon. That face of her's again :--Therefore be gone,

'shines

[base? Without our grace, our love, our benizon. Lag of a brother? Why bastard ? wherefore Come, noble Burgundy.

When my dimensions are as well compact, (Flourish. Ereunt LEAR, BURGUNDY, My mind as generous, and my shape as true,

CORNWALL, ALBANY, GLOSTER, As honest madam's issue? Why brand they us and Attendants.

With base ? with baseness? bastardy?base, base? France. Bid farewell to your sisters. (eyes Who, in the lusty stealth of nature, take

Cor. The jewels of our father, with wash'd More composition and fierce quality, Cordelia leaves you: I know you what you are; Than doth, within a dull, stale, tired bed, And, like a sister, am most loath to call (father: Go to the creating a whole tribe of fops, Your faults, as they are named. Use well onr Got 'tween asleep and wake?-Well then, To your professed bosoms I commit him : Legitįmate Edgar, I must have your land : But yet, alas! stood I within his grace, Our father's love is to the bastard Edmund, I would prefer him to a better place. As to the legitimate: Fine word, -legitimate! So farewell to you both.

Well, my legitimate, if tbis letter speed, Gon. Prescribe not us our duties.

And my invention thrive, Edmund the base Reg.

Let your study Shalltop the legitimate. I grow; I prosper :Be,to content yonr lord; who hath received you Now, gods, stand up for bastards! At fortune's alms. You have obedience scanted,

Enter GLOSTER. And well are worth the want that you have Glo. Kent banisb'd thus! And France in wanted. [ning hides; choler parted!

(power! Cor. Time shall unfold what plaitedt cun- And the king gone to-night! subscribed ** his Who cover faults, at last shame them derides. Confined to exhibition it! All this done Well may you prosper!

Upon the gad ft!- Edmund! How now ? what France.

Come, my fair Cordelia. Edm. So please your lordship, none. [news? (Exeunt FRANCE and CORDELIA.

(Putting up the Letter. Gon. Sister, it is not a little I have to say, Glo. Why so earnestly seek you to put up of what most nearly appertains to us both, Edm. I know no news, my lord. (that letter? I think, our father will hence to-night.

Glo. What paper were you reading ? Reg. That's most certain, and with you ; Edm. Nothing, my lord, next month with us.

Glo. No? What needed then that terrible Gon. You see how full of changes his age des patch of it into yonr pocket? the quality is; the observation we have made of it hath of nothing hath not such need to hide itself. not heen little : he always loved our sister Let's see: Come, if it be nothing, I shall not most; and with what poor judgment he hath need spectacles. now cast hier off, appears too grosely.

Edm. I beseech you, sir, pardon me : it is Reg. 'Tis the infirmity of his age; yet he a letter from my brother, that I have not all hath ever but slenderly known himself. o'er-read; for so much as I have perused, I

Gon. The best and soundest of his time hath find it not fit for your over-looking. been but rash; then must we look to receive Glo. Give me the letter, sir. from his age, not alone the imperfections of Edm. I shall offend, either to detain or give long-ingrafted condition I, but therewithal, the it. The contents, as in part I understand unruly waywardness that infirm and choleric them, are to blame. years briog with them.

Glo. Let's see, let's see. Reg. Such unconstant starts are we like to Edm. I hope, for my brother's justification, have from him, as this of Kent's banishment. he wrote this but as an essay og or taste of my

Gon. There is further compliment of leave-virtue. taking between France and him. Pray yon, Glo. [Reads.) This policy, and reverence let us hit together: If our father carry autho- of age, makes the world bitter to the best of rity with such dispositions as he bears, this our times; keeps our fortunes from us, last surrender of his will but offend us. till our oldness cannot relish them. I be Reg. We shall further think of it.

gin to find an idle and fond (11 bondage in Gon. We must do something, and i'the the oppression of aged tyranny; who sways, heats.

[Exeunt. not as it hath power, but as it is suffered.

Come to me, that of this I may speak more. SCENE II. A Hall in the Earl of Glos. I our father would sleep till I waked ter's Castle.

him, you should enjoy half his revenue for

ever, and live the beloved of your brother, Enter EDMUND, with a Letter.

Edgar.-Humph-Conspiracy !-Sleep till í Edm.Thou, nature, art my goddess; to thy law waked him-you should enjoy half his reMy services are bound: Wherefore should I renue,-My son Edgar! Had he a hand to Stand in the plague || of custom; and permit write this? a heart and brain to breed it i:The curiosity 1 of nations to deprive me, When came this to you? Who brought it?

+ Folded, donbled. 1 Qualities of mind. Strike while the iron's hot. || The injustice. The nicety of civil institution. ** Yielded, surrendered. It Allowance. * Suddenly.

$$ Trial.

WW Weak and foolish.

• Blessing

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Edm. It was not brought me, my lord, lowness, treachery, and all ruinous disorders, there's the cunning of it; I found it thrown follow us disquietly to our graves! Find out in at the casement of my closet,

this villain, Edmund, it shall lose thee nothing; Glo. You know the character to be your do it carefully :- And the noble and true. brother's ?

hearted Kent banished ! his offence, honesty ! Edm. If the matter were good, my lord, I-Strange! strange!

[Exit. durst swear it were his; but, in respect of that, Edm. This is the excellent foppery of the I would fain think it were not.

world! that, when we are sick in fortune, Glo. It is his.

(often the surfeit of our own behaviour,) we Edm. It is his hand, my lord; but, I hope, make guilty of our disasters, the sun, the his heart is not in the contents.

moon, and the stars : as if we were villains Glo. Hath he never heretofore sounded you by necessity : fools, by heavenly compulsion; in this business?

knayes, thieves, and treachers **, by spherical Edm. Never, my lord: But I have often predominance; drunkards, liars, and adulheard him maintain it to be fit, that, sons at terers, by an enforced obedience of planetary perfect age, and fathers declining, the father influence; and all that we are evil in, by a should be as ward to the son, and the son ma- divine thrusting on : An admirable evasion of page his revenue.

whoremaster man, to lay his goatish disposition Glo. O villain, villain !--His very opinion to the charge of a star! My father compounded in the letter!-Abhorred villain! Úanatural, with my mother under the dragon's tail; and detested, brutish villain! worse than brutish! my nativity was under ursa major tt; so that -Go, sirrah, seek him; I'll apprehend him:- it follows, I am rough and lecherous.--Tut, I Abominable villain! Where is he?

should have been that I am, had the maidenEdm. I do not well know, my lord. If it liest star in the firmamenttwinkled on my bassball please you to suspend your indignation tardizing. Edgaragainst my brother, till you can derive from

Enter EDGAR. him better testimony of his intent, yvu shall and pat he comes, like the catastrophe of the run a certain course; where*, if you violently old comedy: My cue is villanous melan. proceed against him, mistaking his purpose, choly, with a sigh like Tom o'Bedlam.-0, it would make a great gap in your own honour, these eclipses do portend these divisions ! fa, and shake in pieces the heart of his obedience. sol, la, mit. I dare pawn down my life for him, that he hath Edg. How now, brother Edmund? What writ this to feel my affection to your honourt, serious contemplation are you iu ? and to no other pretencet of danger.

Edm. I am thinking, brother, of a predic. Glo. Think you so?

tion I read this other day, what should follow Edm. If your honour judge it meet, I will these eclipses. place you where you shall hear us confer of Edg. Do yon busy yourself with that? this, and by an auricular assurance have your Edm. I promise you, the effects he writes satisfaction, and that without any further de- of, succeed unhappily; as of unnaturalness be. lay than this very evening.

tween the child and the parent; death, dearth, Glo. He cannot be such a monster. dissolutions of ancient amities; divisions in Edm. Nor is not, sure.

state, menaces and maledictions against king Glo. To his father, that so tenderly and en- and nobles ; needless diffidences, banishment tirely loves him.-Heaven and earth !--Ed. of friends, dissipation of cobortsys, nuptial mund, seek bim out; wind me into bim, I breaches, and I know not what. pray you : frame the business after your own Edg. How long have you been a sectary wisdom: I would unstate myself, to be in a astronomical? due resolution 5.

Edm. Come, come; when saw you my faEdm. I will seek him, sir, presently; con- ther last? vey || the business as I shall find means, and Edg. Why, the night gone by. acqnaint you withal.

Edm. Spake you with him? Glo. These late eclipses in the sun and moon Edg. Ay, two hours together. portend no good to us : Though the wisdom Edm. Parted you in good terms ? Pound of nature can reason it thns and thus, yet na- you no displeasure in him, by word or coun. ture finds itself scourged by the sequent tenance ? effects : love cools, friendship falls off, brothers Edg. None at all. divide : in cities, mutipies ; in countries, dis. Edm. Bethink yourself, wherein you may cord; in palaces, treason; and the bond have offended him: and at my entreaty, for. cracked between son and father. This villain bear his presence, till some little time hath of mine comes under the prediction; there's qnalified the heat of his displeasure, which at son against father : the king falls from bias of this instant so rageth in him, that with the misnature; there's father against child. We have chief of your person it would scarcely allay. seen the best of our time : Machinations, bol- Edg. Some villain hath done me wrong. Whereas.

The usual address to a lord. # Design. Give all that I am possessed of, to be certain of the trath. Manage. Following. ** Traitors. Great bear, the constellation so named. # These sounds are unnatura! and offensive iu music, ,

yg For cohorts some editors read courts.

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