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Ther he, as 'twere by acoident, may here But that the dread of something after death, Afft out. Ophelia :
The undiscover'd country,fromwhose bouru!! Her father, and myself (lawful espials +,) No traveller returns,-puzzles the will; Will 'so' bestow ourselves, that, seeing, unseen, And makes us rather bear those ills we have, We may of their encounter frankly I judge; Than fly to others that we know not of? And gather by him, as he is behaved,
Thus conscience does make cowards of us all; Ir't be the affliction of his love, or no,
And thas the native hue of resolution That thus be suffers for.
Is sicklied'o'er with the pale cast of thought; Queen. I shall obey you:
And enterprises of great pith and moment, And, for your part, Ophelia, I do wish, With this regard, their currents turn awry, That your good beauties be the happy cause And lose the name of action.-Soft you, now! Of Hamlet's wildness : so shall I hope, your The fair Ophélia: Nymph, in thy orisons***, virtues
Be all my sins remember'd. Will bring him to his wonted way again, Oph.
Good, my lord, To both your honours.
How does your honour for this many a day? Oph.
Madam, I wish it may. Ham. I humbly thank you; well." (yoor's,
[Exit Queen. Oph. My lord, I have remembrances of Pol. Ophelia, walk you here :-Gracious, That I have longed long to re-deliver; so please you,
I pray you, now receive them. We will bestow 5 ourselves : -Read on this Ham.
No, not I; book ;
[To OPHELIA. I never gave you aught. That show of such an exercise may colour Oph. My honourd lord, you know right Your loneliness.-We are oft to blame in this, well, you did;
[composed 'Tis too niuch proved II, -that, with devotion's And, with them, words of so sweet breath And pious action, we do sugar o'er [visage, As made the things more rich : their perfume The devil himself.
0, 'tis too true! how smart Take these again; for to the noble mind, A lash that 'speech doth give my conscience! Rich gifts wax poor, when givers prove un. Thc harlot's cheek, beautied with plastering There, my lori,
Ham. Ha, ha! are you honest?
[Aside. Oph. What means your lordship? Pol. I hear him coming; let's withdraw, Hum. That if you be honest, and fair, you
should admit no discourse to your beauty. [Ereunt King and POLONIUS. Oph: Could beauty, my lord, have better Enter HAMLET.
commerce than with honesty? Ham. To be, or not to be, that is the ques- Ham. Ay, truly; for the power of beauty tion:
will sooner transform honesty from what it is | Whether 'tis nobler in the mind, to suffer to a bawd, than the force of honesty can
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune; translate beauty into his likeness"; this was
Oph. Indeed, my ?ord, you made me be| No more;-and, by a sleep, to say we end
lieve so. The heart-ach, and the thousand natural shocks Ham. You should not have believed me:
That flesh is heir to,-'tis a consummation for virtue cannot so inoculate our old stock, i Devoutly to be wish'd. To die;—to sleep;- but we shall relish of it: I loved you not. To sleep! percbance to dreamı ;-ay, there's Oph. I was the more deceived. the rub;
(come, Ham. Get thee to a nuvnery; Why wouldst For in that sleep of death what dreams may thou be a breeder of sinners? I am myself inWhen we have shuffled off this mortal coil ! different honest; but yet I could accuse me of Must give us pause; There's the respect such things, that it were better, my mother That makes calamity of so long life :
had not borné me: I am very proud, revenge. For who would bear the whips and scorns of ful, ambitious; with more offences at my time,
*[tumely tt, beck it, than I have thoughts to put them in, The oppressor's wrong, the proud man's con- imagination to give them shape, or time to act The pangs of despised love, the law's delay, them in : What should such fellows as I do The insolence of office, and the spurns crawling between earth and heaven! We are That patient merit of the unworthy takes, arrant knaves, all; believe none of us: Go When he himself might his quietus # make thy ways to a nunnery. Where's your father? With a bare bodkings, who would fardels | Oph. At home, my lord. To grunt and sweat 'under à weary life ; [bear,
Ham. Let the doors be shut upon him; Meet, + Spies, | Freely.
1 Too frequent. Stir, bustle. ** Consideration.
# Rudeness. # Acquittance. $ The ancient term for a small dagger,
Il Pack, burden TT Boundary, limits.
that he may play the fool no where but in's To show his grief; let her be round I with him; own house. Farewell.
And I'll be placed, so please you, in the ear Oph. O, help him, you sweet beavens! Of all their cooference: If she find him not,
Ham. If thou dost marry, I'll give thee this To England send him; or confine him, where plagne for thy dowry; Be thou as chaste as Your wisdom best shall think. ice, as pure as snow, thou shalt not escape King.
It shall be so: calumny. Get thee to a uannery ; Farewell: Madness in great ones must not uuwatch'd go. Or, if thou wilt needs marry, marry a fool; for
[Exeunt. wise men know well enoagh, what monsters
SCENE II. A Hall in the same. you make of them. To a nunnery, go; and quickly too. Farewell.
Enter HAMLET, and certuin Players. Oph. Heavenly powers, restore him!
Ham. Speak the speech, I pray you, as I Ham. I have heard of your paintings too, pronounced it to you, trippingly on the tongue: well enough; God hath given you one face, but if you inouth it, as many of our players and you make yourselves another: you jig, you do, I had as lief the town-crier spoke my amble, and you lisp, and nick.name God's lines. Nor do not saw the air too much with creatures, and make your wantonness your ig- your hand, thus; but use all gently: for in the norance: Go to; I'll no more oft ; it hath very torrent, tempest, and (as 1 may say) made me mad. I say, we will have no more whirlwind of your passion, you must acquire marriages: those that are married already, all and beget a temperance, that may give it but one shall live; the rest shall keep as they smoothness. . O, it offends me to the soul, to are. To a nunnery go. (Exit HAMLET. hear a robustious periwig-pated fellow tear a Oph. 0, what a noble mind is here o'er-passion to tatters, to very rags, to split the eart thrown!
[sword: of the groundlings ý; who, for the most part, The courtier's, soldier's, scholar's, eye, tongue, are capable of nothing but inexplicable dumb The expectancy and rose of the fair state, shows, and noise : I would have such a fellow The glass of fashion, and the mould * of form, whipped for o'er-doing Termagant; it out: The observed of all observers! quite, quite herods Herod || : Pray you, avoid it. down!
1 Play. I warrant yonr honour. And I, of ladies most deject and wretched, Ham. Be not too tame neither, but let your That suck'd the honey of his music vows, own discretion be your tutor; suit the action Now see that noble and most sovereign reason, to the word, the word to the action; with this Like sweet bells jangled, out of tune and harsh; special observance, that you o'er-step not ibe That unmatch'd form and feature of blown modesty of nature: for any thing so overdone Blasted with ecstasy t : 0, woe is me! [youth, is from the purpose of playing, whose end, To have seen what I have seen, see what I both at the first, and now, was, and is, to holi, see !
as 'twere, the mirror up to nature; to show Re-enter King and Polonius. virtue her own feature, scorn her own image, King. Love! his affections do not that way and the very age and body of the time, his
[little, form and pressure 1. Now this, overdone, o Nor what he spake, though it lack'd form a come tardy off, though it make the unskilful Was not like madness. There's something in laugh, cannot but make the judicious grieve; his soul,
the censure of which one, must, in your alO'er which his melancholy sits on brood; lowance**, 0'er-weigh a whole theatre of others. And, I do doubt, the hatch, and the disclose, 0, there be players, that I have seen playWill be some danger: Which for to prevent, and heard others praise, and that highlyI have, in quick determination, [land, not to speak it profanely, that, neither having Thus set it down; he shall with speed to Eng. the accent of christians, nor the gait of christian, For the demand of our neglected tribute : pagan, nor man, have so strutted, and bel Haply, the seas, and countries different, lowed, that I have thought some of nature' With variable objects, shall expel
journeymen had made men, and not made This something-settled matter in his heart; them well, they imitated humanity so abo Whereon his brains still beating, puts him thus minably. From fashion of himself, What think you 1 Play. I hope, we have reformed that is on't?
differently with us. Pol. It shall do well : But yet I do believe, Ham. O, reform it altogether. And let The origin and commencement of his grief those, that play your clowns, speak no more Sprung from neglected love.-How than is set down for them: for there be o Ophelia,
them, that will themselves laugh, to set on You need not tell us what lord Hamlet said; some quantity, of barren spectators to laugh We heard it all.-My lord, do as you please ; too; though, in the mean time, some neces But, if you hold it fit, after the play,
sary question th of the play be then to be con Let his queen mother all alone entreat hiin sidered : that's villanous ; and shows most • The model by whom all endeavoured to form themselves.
+ Alienation of mind. • Reprimand him with freedom. The meaner people then seem to have sat in the pil. Herod's character was always violent.
Impression, resemblance. • Approbation.
# Conversation, discourse.
pitiful ambition in the fool that uses it. Go, dish: I eat the air, promise-crammed: You make you ready.
(Exeunt Players. cannot feed capons so. Enter POLONIUS, RosencRANTZ, and King. I have nothing with this answer, GUILDENSTERN.
Hamlet; these words are not mine. How now, my lord ? will the king hear this Ham. No, nor mine now. My lord,-you piece of work?
played once in the University, you say? Pol. And the queen ton, and that presently.
fi'o POLONIUS. Ham. Bid the players make haste.
Pol. That did I, my lord ; and was accounted
[Exit POLONIUs. a good actor. Will you two help to hasten them?
Ham. And what did you enact? Both. Ay, my lord.
Pol. I did enact Julius Cæsar: I was killed (Exeunt Rosen, and GUILDEN. i'the Capitol ; Brutus killed me. Ham. What, ho; Horatio !
Ham. It was a brute part of him, to kill so Enter HORATIO.
capital a calf there.-Be the ers ready? Hor. Here, sweet lord, at your service. Ros. Ay, my lord; they stay || upon your
Ham. Horatio, thou art e'en as just a man patience. As e'er my conversation coped withal. Queen. Come hither, my dear Hamlet, sit Hor. (), my dear lord,
by me. Нат,
Nay, do not think I flatter: Ham. No, good mother, here's metal more For what advancement may I hope from thee, attractive. That no revenue hast, but thy good spirits, Pol. O ho! do you mark that? To feed, and clothe thee? Why should the
(To the King. poor be flatter'd ?
Ham. Lady, shall I lie in your lap ? No, let the candied tongue lick absurd pomp;
feet. And crook the pregnant* hinges of the knee, Oph. No, my lord. Where thrift may follow fawning. Dost tbon Ham. I mean my head upon your lap? hear?
Oph. Ay, my lord. Since my dear soul was mistress of her choice, Ham. Do you think, 1 meant country matAnd could of men distinguish her election, ters? She hath-seal'd thee for herself: for thou hast Oph. I think nothing, my lord. been
Ham. That's a fair thought to lie between As one, in suffering all, that suffers nothing;
maids' legs. A man, that fortune's buffets and rewards Oph. What is, my lord? Has ta'en with equal thanks : and bless'd are Ham. Nothing. those,
[mingled, Oph. You are merry, my lord. Wbose blood and judgment are so well co- Ham. Who, I? That they are not a pipe for fortune's finger Oph. Ay, my lord. To sound what stop she please: Give me that Ham. 0! yonr only jig-maker. What man
should a man do, but be merry; for, look you, That is not passion's slave, and I will wear him how cheerfully my mother looks, and my In my heart's core, ay, in my heart of heart, father died within these two hours. As I do thees--Something too much of this. Oph. Nay, 'tis twice two months, my lord. There is a play to-night before the king; Ham. So long? Nay, then let the devil wear One scene of it comes near the circumstance, black, for I'll have a suit of sables 1. O heavens! Which I have told thee of my father's death. die two months ago, and not forgotten yet? I pr'ythee, when thou seest that act afoot, Then there's hope, a great man's memory may Even with the very coniment of thy soul outlive his life half a year: But, by'r-lady, he Observe my uncle: if his occulted + guilt must build churches then : or else shall be Do not itself unkennel in one speech, suffer not thinking on, with the hobby-hcrse; It is a damned ghost that we have seen; whose epitaph is, For, 0, for, 0, the hobbyAnd my imaginations are as foul
horse is forgot. As Vulcan's stithy I. Give him heedful note: Trumpets sound. The dumb show follows. For I mine cyes will rivet to his face; Enter a King and a Queen, very lovingly;" And, after, we will both our judgments join the Queen embracing him, and he her. In censure g of his seeming.
She kneels, and makes show of protesta. Hor.
Well, my lord: tion unto him. He takes her up, and If he steal aught, the whilst this play is playing, declines his head upon her neck: lays him And 'seape detecting, I will pay the theft. down upon a bank of flowers; she, seeing
Ham. They are coming to the play ; I must · him asleep, leares him. Anon comes in a Get you a place.
(be idle : fellow, takes off his crown, kisses it, and Danish March. A Flourish. Enter King, pours poison in the King's ears, and exit.
Queen, POLONIUS, OPHELIA, ROSEN- The Queen returns ; finds the King dead, CRANTZ, GUILDENSTERN, and Others. and makes passionate action. The poi. King. How fare onr cousin nlet?
soner, with some two or three Muites, Ham. Excellent, i'faith; of the camelion's comes in again, seeming to lament with Quick, -ready.
Shop, stithy is a smith's shop.
& The richest dress.
her. The dead body is carried away. The |A second time I kill my husband dead, poisoner wooes the Queen with gifts; she When second husband kisses me in bed. seems loath and unwilling awhile, but, in P. King. I do believe, you think what DONT the end, accepts his love. [Exeunt. you speak; Oph. What means this, my lord ?
But, what we do determine, oft we treak. Ham. Marry, this is miching mallecho*: Purpose is but the slave to memory; it means mischief.
Of violent birth, but poor validity: (tree; Oph. Belike, this show imports the argu- Which now, like fruit unripe, sticks on the ment of the play.
But fall, unshaken, when they mellow be.
Most necessary 'tis, that we forget Ham. We shall know by this fellow: the To pay ourselves what to ourselves is debt : players cannot keep counsel; they'll tell all. What to ourselves iu passion we propose,
Oph. Will he tell us what this show meant? The passion ending, doth the purpose lose.
Fiam. Ay, or any show that you'll show The violence of either grief or joy (stroy: him: Be not yon ashamed to show, he'll not Their own enactures 11 with themselves de. shame to tell you what it means.
Where joy most revels, grief doth most la. Oph. You are naught, you are naught; I'll ment; mark the play.
Grief joys, joy grieves, on slender accident. Pro. For us, and for our tragedy, This world is not for ayego; nor'uis not strange
Here stooping to your clemency, That even our loves should with our fortunes
Whether love lead fortune, or else fortune Oph. 'Tis brieft, my lord.
(flies; Ham. As woman's love..
The great man down, you mark his favourite Enter a King and a Queen.
The poor advanced makes friends of enemies, P. King. Full thirty times hath Phæbus' And hitherto doth love on fortune tend : cart | gone round
[ground; For who not needs, shall never lack Neptune's salted wash, and Tellus's orbid friend; And thirty dozen moons, with borrow'd And wbo in want a hollow friend doth try, sheenll,
. [been; Directly seasons him his enemy. About the world have times twelve thirties But, orderly to end where I begun,Since love our hearts, and Hymen did our Our wills, and fates, do so contrary run, hands,
That our devices still are overthrown; [own: Unite eommntual in most sacred bands. Our thoughts are our's, their ends none of our P. Queen. So many journeys may the sun So think thou wilt no second husband wed; and moon
But die tby thoughts, when thy first lord is Make us again count o'er, ere love be done!
(heaven light But, woe is me, you are so sick of late,
P. Queen. Nor earth to give me food, nor So far from cheer, and from your former state, Sport and repose lock from me, day and That I distrust you. Yet, though I distrust,
night! Discomfort you, my lord, it nothing must: To desperation turn my trust and hope' For women fear too much, even as they love; An anchor's lll cheer in prison be my scope ! And women's fear and love hold quantity ; Each opposite, that blanks the face of joy, In neither aught, or in extremity. [know ; Meet what I would bave well, and it destroy! Now, what my love, is proof hath made you Both here, and hence, pursue me lasting strife, And as my love is sized 1, my fear is so. If, once a widow, ever I be wife! Where love is great, the littlest doubts are Ham. If she should break it now,fear; (there.
[To OPHELIA. Where little fears grow great, great love grows P. King. 'Tis deeply sworn. Sweet, leave P. King. 'Faith, I must leave thee, love, me here a while; and sbortly too;
[do : My spirits grow dall, and fain I would beguile My operant ** powers their functions leave to The tedious day with sleep. [Sleeps. And thou shalt live in this fair world behind, P. Queen.
Sleep rock thy brain; Honour'd, beloved; and, haply, one as kind, And never come mischance between us twain! For husband shalt thon
(Erit. P. Queen.
0, confound the rest! Ham. Madam, how like you this play? Such love must needs be treason in my breast: Queen. The lady doth protest too much, In second husband let me be accurst !
methinks. None wed the second, but who kill'd the first. Ham. 0, but she'll keep her word. Ham. That's wormwood.
King. Have you heard the argument? Is P. Queen. The instances it that second there no offence in't ? marriage move,
Ham. No, no, they do but jest, poison in Are base respects of thrift, but none of love; 'jest ; no offence i'the world. * Secret wickedness. + Short.
$ Car, chariot. $ The earth. # Shining, lustre. Magnitude, proportion. * Active. # Motiva. Determinatione. 199. Ever.
King. What do you call the play?
Ham. Upon the talk of the poisoning, — Ham. The mouse-trap*. Marry, how! Tro- Hor. I did very well note him. pically. This play is the image of a murder Ham. Ah, ha !--Come, some music; come, done in Vienna: Gonzago is the duke's the recorders H.name; his wife, Baptista : you shall see anon; For if the king like not the comedy, 'tis a knavish piece of work : But what of Why then, belike,-he likes it not, perdy #that? your majesty, and we that have free Enter ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN, souls, it touches us pot: Let the galled jade Come, some music. wince t, our withers are unwrung.“
Guil. Good, ny lord, vouchsafe me a word Enter LUCIANUS. This is one Lucianus, nephew to the king. Ham. Sir, a whole history.
Oph. You are as good as a chorus, my lord. Guil. The king, sir,
Ham. I could interpret between you and Ham. Ay, sir, what of him? your love, if I could see the puppets dallying. Guil. Is, in his retirement, marvellous dis
Oph. You are keen, my lord, you are keen. tempered.
Ham. It would cost you a groaning, to take Ham. With drink, sir? off my edge.
Guil. No, my lord, with choler. Oph. Still better, and worse.
Ham. Your wisdom should show itself more Ham. So you mistake yonr husbands.- richer, to signify this to the doctor ; for, for Begin, murderer ;-leave thy damnable faces, me to put him io his purgation, would, perand begin. Come;
haps, plunge him into more choler. The eroaking raven
Guil. Good my lord, put your discourse into Doth bellow for revenge.
some frame, and start not so wildly from my Luc. Thoughts black, hands apt, drugs fit, affair. and time agreeing ;
Ham. I am tame, sir :-pronounce. Confederate season, else no creature seeing; Guil. The queen, your mother, in most Thou mixture rank, of midnight weeds col- great affliction of spirit, hath sent me to you. lected,
(fected, Ham. You are weleome. With Hecat's ban thrice blasted, thrice in- Guil. Nay, good my lord, this courtesy is Thy natural magic and dire property,
not of the right breed. If it shall please you On wholesome life usurp immediately. to make me a wholesome answer, I will do
[Pours the Poison into the Sleeper's Ears. your mother's commandment; if not, your
Ham. He poisons him i' the garden for his pardou, and my return, shall be the end of my estate. His name's Gonzago; the story is ex- business. tant, and written in very choice Italian : You Ham. Sir, I cannot. shall see anon, how the murderer gets the love Guil. What, my lord? of Gonzago's wife.
Ham. Make you a wholesome answer; my Oph. The king rises.
wit's diseased : But, sir, such answer as I can Ham. What! frighted with false fire! make, you shall command; or, rather, as you Queen. How fares my lord ?
say, my mother : therefore no more, but to Pol. Give o'er the play.
the matter : My mother, you say, King. Give me some light:--away!
Ros. Then thus she says; Your behaviour Pol. Lights, lights, lights!
hath struck her into amazement and admira. [Exeunt all but HAMLET and HORATIO. tion. Ham. Why, let the strucken deer go weep, Hem. O wonderful son, that can so astoThe hart ungalled play:
pish a mother!-But is there no sequel at the For some must watch, while some must heels of this mother's admiration? impart.
Thus runs the world away.- (sleep, Ros. She desires to speak with you in her Would not this, sir, and a forest of feathers y, closet, ere you go to bed. (if the rest of my fortunes turn Turk || with Ham. We shall obey, were she ten times me,) with two Provencial roses on my razed our mother. Have you any further trade NH shoes, get me a fellowship in a ery **of players, with us? sir?
Ros. My lord, you once did love me. Hor. Half a share.
Ham. And do still, by these pickers and Ham. A whole one, I.
stealers IT. For thou dost know, O Damon dear, Ros. Good my lord, wbat is your cause o. This realm dismantled was
distemper? you do, surely, but bar the door Of Jove himself; and now reigns here upon your own liberty, if you deny your griefs A very, very-peacock.
to your friend. Hor. You might have rhymed.
Ham. Sir, I lack advancement. Ham. O good Horatio, I'll take the ghost's Ros. How can that be, when you have the word for a thousand pound. Didst perceive? | voice of the king himself for your succession Hor. Very well, my lord.
The thing In which he'll catch the conscience of the king. . This is a proverbial saying.
| Corse. Ś For his head. | Change conditions, g Slashed. ** Pack, company.
tt A kind of fate. # Par Dieu. Business. Hands.