A Paper of Art and Literature.

WHOLE No. 268.


Vol. XI. No. 8.

THE ORATORIOS FOR THE FESTIVAL.–We have they may offer unto the Lord an offering of righteous- serious and clouded over during the last passage, room to reprint but the purely descriptive part of ness.” The chorus dies away; and again we are brightened up at the first sound of the instruments, what we whilome wrote of

introduced into the solitude of the believing heart, before a single voice began. The soprano voice begins feeding upon its delicious secret, the hopes of proph.

alone, in the principal theme of the music, announcing III. Handel's “Messiah." ecy. The deep, tender, full-hearted, innocent con

the glad tidings, Unto us a child is born, a son is

given,' while the instruments alternating with a second * * The overture, (a critic suggests), is pur- tralto sings over to itself the promise : "Behold, a

thought play on softly by themselves. Then the tenor posely dull. First, a slow movement in a minor virgin shall conceive," and then gives way, (like a

takes up the same words with the same melody; but key, significant of nothing but emptiness and wea child talking to herself, so in earnest with her own before it has half announced the message, the first, as riness; then a quick, nervous fugue, a struggling as sweet thoughts, that she forgets she is alone), to a , if it could not contain itself, falls in again with the of many forces to disengage themselves and find re rapturous, ever varied, fondly repeated melody: O same tones, and carries it out with more spirit (while lief; each, however, set against the other; a strife thou that tellest glad tidings to Zion," &c., so steeped the tenor finishes) and with a richer figure (the third which ends in nothing; a helpless, hopeless, passion in feeling! so heavily drooping with excess of love, musical idea), in which joyous movement the instruate impatience. This is the night of sinful and suf | and faith, and piety! so confident of the sympathy

ments are almost hushed. Now the alto takes up the fering humanity, and it is the background on which of all and everything! so much so, that all the

words to the first melody; that is interrupted by the

bass, as the tenor was by the soprano; till the tenor, the radiant form of Prophecy alights. * * * sweetness and majesty of the skies seem to blend in

without instruments (except the continued bass), and And now steal in those fresh, Spring-like notes, it with the accompaniments ! Trustful, happy child,

in majestic solemn style, adds: And the government from the instruments, in the major of the key, (which to whose devout thought it is all smiles and sunshine, shall be upon his shoulders :' the others, as if timid, happens to be that warmest and sunniest of all the even in the midst of darkness! When she reaches merely say it over after; especially the vocal bass, keys, E major—the same in which the sunny Haydn the words : " And the glory of the Lord has risen upon slowly and statelily coming up from the deep, as if so delighted, the same in which he wrote the sunrise thee," the accompaniments cease, and the voice sinks thinking and doubting still. Then all, as if by symphony in his." Creation”). and a clear, consoling, slowly down, as in a swoon of delight, through al inspiration, suddenly exclaim : ' And his name shall be manly voice is heard : “ Comfort ye, my people, speak most an octave, and there our souls hang poised in

called WONDERFUL, COUNSELLOR, THE MIGHTY GOD, ye comfortably to Jerusalem, for her warfare is accom the magical sphere of the flat seventh, when all man


with that word · WONDERFUL!' all the fullness of the ner of sweet dreamy imaginations, “ children of the plished, her iniquity is pardoned ;” and rising to a

choir and of the orchestra, hitherto kept back, rushes tone of more eloquent and authoritative assurance, air," swim up round us in figures of the violins, and

together like many mountain torrents into one flood, adds: “ The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness : seem to balance themselves upon our shoulders, and

and all souls bow entranced before the power of this Prepare ye the way of the Lord.” But observe, the cling round our necks. And now from this blissful single accord, which Handel could not betray before, music here is not dramatic. It does not impersonate inner world of faith, from the holy recesses of the that it might surprise. The voices and instruments the prophet and the voice in the wilderness; it hears pious heart, we are led by a descriptive bass recita all together (except the trumpets and drums, reserved them; or remembers them and muses on them. It tive to the world without: " For behold, darkness shall for still greater use), simply exclaim one of those lofty is Israel with a heavy heart, when her need is the cover the earth." But to us, prepared as we have been,

names-pause awhile, that it may have time to echo sorest, bethinking herself of her prophets and her it is a darkness big with expectation, and wondrously

far and wide and then exclaim another, still in the the music swells and brightens with the words : “But

same chord, and pause again, and another, and so on precious holy sentences. And in this musing mood

—while the violins take up that first joyous figure of how naturally comes up the memory of other sen the Lord shall arise, and the Gentiles shall come to thy

the soprano, soar up into the sky with it, and there in tences, more minutely figurative, the "dear images”. light,' &c. And in the song that follows, we see the

warbling thirds bind those single exclamations to(as Rochlitz says), which are dwelt upon and imita people groping their way in darkness-darkness gether. Handel in this chorus works over these same ted in the song : “Every valley shall be exalted, and without and within. Here is no fine shading; no ideas, in essentially the same manner, and yet with every mountain and hill made low; the crooked straight, harmony of colors; for there is no light to see by; the greatest variety, twice more; till all the voices, and the rough places plain ;” a species of imitation so the harmony is all' absorbed into dark unison; we and all the instruments, and all the ideas unite at literal and out of the province of true art, that it feel our way along; the rhythm, the movement alone

length, and at the climax of their inspiration proclaim would require excuse in any other case, where feel. intimates what is passing in the dark; in stately,

the whole glad tidings yet again. A ritornel plays ing did not justify the fondling over trifles. And gloomy octaves, voice and instruments move on to

over once more the principal themes, and lets the soul

down gently and gradually from the ever-gaining and Dow comes the fugued chorus of joy, leaping forth gether.

by this time too intense excitement." as if it could not contain itself. The first phrase, Enough of these visions ! the mind is over-full "And the glory of the Lord,” is begun by the alto, and must find vent. We are come to another of

And now comes the Christmas spectacle of the and then immediately resounded by all the parts; those grand halting-places, where the gathering Nativity, an exquisite piece of picture music. It has then a second phrase, “shall be revealed,with a more crowd of thoughts, as they hurry on towards the been well likened to one of those altar pieces by the flowing rhythm, starts with the tenor, is pursued by consummation, must pause, as it were, and turn old painters on the same subject, exceedingly simple the bass, then the alto, then the soprano, till all are round and shout; another of those mighty choruses,

in its means, yet beautiful and full of feeling. First whirled away in a swift and graceful play of hide

each mightier than the last, which seem to sum up

is the “ Pastoral Symphony," a Siciliano movement, and-seek; and again a third phrase, begun and re all that goes before, and measure the progress of the soft and flowing, confined to a very few of the sim. peated in the same way, on the words : " And all piece; or shall we call them periodical inundations, plest chords, the melody flowing in thirds (that first flesh shall see it together," comes in to increase the in which the silent depths of emotion and enthusi: | harmony which natural, untaught singers discover harmonious confusion. And so, buoyantly, wave asm, which have been all this time secretly feeding for themselves,) and all by the few unaided stringed upon wave rolls in and falls back upon others coming the springs of the heart, rise and testify their fulness? instruments, which form the heart of the orchestra. after, while the bass, in long loud notes—holding It is the chorus: “Unto us a child is born!Zelter | To these Mozart has added flutes, and the effect is upon the words: “ For the mouth of the Lord hath spo says that in the original it was not intended to come

an all-pervading streaming up of sweetest sounds, as ken it-seems like the boundless reservoir of | in' until after the Annunciation.” “After the if they exhaled from the leaves and flowers, from all Ocean behind all.

shepherds," he says, “ have heard the words of the the pores of the earth. The air teems with melody, This completes the first sketch, or introduction of angel in the field' by night, and recovered from the "smoothing the raven down of darkness till it smiles." the Oratorio. It is all fresh and Spring-like, and fright, one party begins: · Unto us a child is born,' | As Zelter says, “ you feel the starlight.” This forms full of what is now given in more detail. and toys innocently with the thought; then follows

the overture. A bass voice recites the words: “ Thus saith the another in the same way; then the third, then the

Then comes the recitative, "There were Shepherds Lord : Yet once a little, and I will shake the earth, &c. fourth, till at the words, Wonderful, Counsellor,' &c.,

abiding in the fields," &c. Then there is a waving of ........and the desire of all nations shall come,” &c. all unite: the flocks of the field, the hosts of stars of wings in the air, nearer and nearer, as the approach But the confidence inspired by these words yields to the whole heavens, all awake and stir with life and

of the angel of the Lord is recited ; and then a clear, a momentary misgiving in that most beautiful bass gladness.” But in Mozart's arrangement, which is

hent which is crystal, bell-toned voice, calm and without passion, song, in the minor: “But who may abide the day of his always used, this chorus, (for what reason I cannot

announces the birth of the Saviour to the shepherds; coming;which rises to a wild terror at the thought: tell), comes first. I could not describe it better than

and the violins fill the air full of wings at the words: " For he is like a refiner's fire." Then begins a single in the words of Rochlitz:

“Suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of high voice in a musing, half involuntary tone, as if

the heavenly host.” In the song of the angels, which

"Six-not more than six measures of Ritornel (instruck with the thought that there is hope in the

is composed of high and silvery chords, there is exwords, " And he shall purify," and then again, more strumental symphony) contain at the outset all the

quisite music, such as only floats down our thoughts musical ideas, of which this very long chorus is woven, confidently and with a prolonged and florid melody,

some clear night from the skies, when the boundless with the exception of a single one, which Handel, for " And he shall purify the sons of Levi.” The bass a good reason (as we shall soon hear), could not betray

firmament above mirrors the spiritual firmament withtakes ap the suggestion, and one part after another, till its time came. These ideas are here plainly, but in, and nature and we are one thought. At the till all grow enthusiastic with the thought, and the powerfully stated. They are so characteristic and words, “Peace on earth !” proclaimed in long full kindling fugue becomes one blended, heavenward expressive, that I have never yet been to a perform- tones, there is a pause while the echo rolls away amid soaring Alame ; when all the voices unite : “ That I ance, without remarking, how every face, however | short, full, measured pulses of the instruments, which



seems like the throbbing of all nature's sympathetic joy. And playfully are the words passed about among the multitudinous voices in the air, in broken fugue : " Good will towards men !"

This scenic interlude, or play within play, over, the grand business of the oratario proceeds; nanely, contemplation and celebration of the great event with all its consequences. A soprano voice soars up like a lark into the blue of heaven, and pours down floods of rapturous, flowery melody in the song: " Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion!"_Joy uncon. tainable—that cannot fly high enough, in the very excess of its joyfulness, feeling more than ever the chains of earth, so that in despair of utterance it yields at last to a sweet melancholy, and sinks so full of feeling in the serious, almost condoling passage : “ He is the righteous Saviour." Then follows: “The eyes of the blind shall be opened," &c., and that most heavenly air (again in the pastoral Siciliano rhythm) “He shall feed his flocks,” &c., so full of consolation, inspiring one with ihat holy sweet content, which sermons only make us feel the want of. Some one said of it: “God grant that this song may float before my mind, when I rest upon my death-bed. Gladly must the eyes close upon all that is left behind and that was dear to the heart, in the fulness of such hope.” Then comes the chorus : “ His yoke is easy," &c., closing the first part. * * *

The second portion, consisting of some dozen choruses and airs, describes the Passion, and consti. tutes, as we said, the body of the piece. For it is “the divine depths of sorrow," out of wbich the whole mysterious work of redemption is perfected. The music grows very deep here. You are reminded of the earnest business of life, of the serious price, the toil and study and long-suffering, by which all good must be earned. * * Most perfect' type of this universal fact in human life was the suffering of Jesus. The first chorus, “ Behold the Lamb of God," with its dark minor chords, brings threatening clouds over us, which hang so low, as almost to suffocate ; we are weighed down with intensity of gloom. Its rhythm, too, is that of the great restless heaving ocean, each swell thundering on the shore with a more ominous sound. This chorus is not so much the voice of the multitude; it is not as if you heard persons singing; but rather as if you saw them looking each other in the face in ihe stony silence of stified woe. It is rather a descriptive symphony, performed by a great choir of voices, instead of instruments, for the sake of the greater mass of sound; a sort of vocal overture. And now comes the sweet relief of tears ; now grief finds a voice in that most pathetic song ever written : “ He was despised and rejected.” It is said that a friend, calling upon Han. del while in the act of setting these pathetic words, found him actually sobbing. We must pass over the choruses and songs, which describe bis' persecution and the taunts of the multitude, only casting behind one lingering look of awe and admiration upon the sacred form who rises before us, mild, majestic, eloquently silent, as we hear the recitative: “ Thy rebuke hath broken his heart:” and “Behold and see if there be any sorrow like unto his sorrow.” It is the apotheosis of grief. The whole part Zelter characterizes thus: “Suffering and death: brief, but not crowded; great, still, affecting; no torments, no crucifying, and that sort of thing; the sorrow of the just over the degradation of the good and beautiful.”

I cannot leave this part, however, without remarking upon the singular chorus: “All we like sheep have gone astray," whose wild, mirthful, almost comic style, breaking in in the midst of so much sadness, has puzzled many critics. The most of an apology which Rochlitz has been able to make for it, is to suppose it necessary for variety. But genius never stoops to so low a reason. The smallest part of its work stands by the like inward .necessity with the greatest, with the whole. To me this chorus does not seem to break the moral and poetic unity of the work, but rather to strengthen and complete it. The tramping, truant, reckless motion with which it sets out, the voices running away in all di. rections, each with a phrase: “We have turned," and “every one to his own way,”-this is but sin glorying in its shame, and making the most of its hard case by getting up a little alcoholic exhilaration for the time. But the weight of the chorus lies not here. This is but the introduction and preparation by contrast for the main theme which follows. With what unerring fatality all this drunken furor subsides into reflection on the dread, retributive, other side of the matter, in the profoundly solemn adagio at the close : “And the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all."

We must not stop to notice the many admirable things in the third part, which, beginning with the resurrection of Christ, and the great chorus, “Lift op your heads, 0 ye gates," (forming a finale to all this

last), goes on to celebrate the fruits of his death, and be seen arrayed behind me and around me, and describe the sending forth of preachers, and the tri which are presently to break upon us in a gloumphant conflict of the Word with the powers of rious flood of mingled harmony and light. darkness. This part, too, has its grand finale. En

More than one of the great Masters, whose thusiasm has reached the acme, and breaks forth in

genius is to be illustrated during the progress of the celebrated “Hallelujah Chorus." Handel con

this Festival, have found their highest powers fessed, in his later years, that when be composed this chorus " he knew not whether he was in the body or

tasked to the utmost, if I mistake not, in preparing out of the body." The simplicity and grandeur of

an adequate and appropriate Overture, even for a its massive structure, and the universality of its sen single one of the great compositions to which they timent, make it one of those works which never can have owed their fame; and some of them, I bebe represented on too vast a scale. No multitude of lieve, have abandoned the effort altogether. Ilow voices can overdo it. There is no bloating or exag hopeless, then, is it for me to attempt to say any gerating, by any representation, these great granite

thing, which shall constitute a worthy prelude to ranges in the world of musical art. In England,

all the magnificent Oratorios and Symphonies their traditional associations with the “ Hallelujah

with which this Hall is now successively to reChorus," as performed at the great commemoration

sound! Well, well, may I recall the opening of of Handel in Westminster Abbey, form a part of the national treasure. Dr. Burney closes his account

that memorable musical competition, so forcibly of it thus :

depicted in the celebrated Ode on the Passions: “Dante, in his • Paradiso,' imagines nine circles, or “First Fear his hand, its skill to try, choirs of cherubs, seraphs, patriarchs, prophets, mar

Amid the chords bewildered laid, tyrs, saints, angels, and archangels, who, with hand

And back recoiled, he knew not why, and voice, are eternally praising and glorifying the

E'en at the sound himself had made." Supreme Being, whom he places in the centre, taking the idea from the TE DEUM LAUDAMUS.' Now, as

But I shall hardly succeed in rendering the the orchestra in Westminster Abbey seemed to ascend formidable Solo I have undertaken, either more into the clouds, and unite with the saints and martyrs easy to myself or more acceptable to others, by - represented on the painted glass in the west window,

indulging too much in the fashionable tremolo of which had all the appearance of a continuation of the orchestra, I could hardly refrain, during the perform

the hour; and I turn, therefore, without further ance of the Allelujah,' to imagine that this orchestra,

preamble or apology, to a simple discharge of the so admirably constructed, filled and employed, was a service which I have promised to perform ;-not, point or segment of one of those celestial circles. indeed, altogether without notes, for that would And perhaps no band of mortal musicians ever exhib

be quite out of keeping with the occasion ; but ited a more respectable appearance to the eye, or afforded a more ecstatic and affecting sound to the ear

not without a due remembrance, I trust, of the than this.

apt and excellent wisdom of the ancient Son of "So sang they, and the empyrean rang

Sirach : “Speak, thou that art the elder, for it With allelujahs.'”

becometh thee, but with sound judgment; and The last part celebrates the great truth of

hinder not the music. Pour not out words where immortality, opening with the song, “I know that

there is a musician, and show not forth wisdom my Redeemer liveth,” which it is well that we must | out of time. Let thy speech be short, comprehurry over, for no words are worthy of it. Who is hending much in few words."* not a believer while he gives himself up to that song? | It has sometimes been made a matter of reAnd who soon forgets it? In the doubts and fears proach upon us New Englanders, my friends, that of weaker moments, that will surely come to thee, we are too ready to imitate the fashions, and even recall its heavenly sound, and wait in peace till thou

to ape the follies, of the old world; and I think shalt be thyself again!

we must all admit that there have been periods One thing here we would remark. What a mystery is this matter of the keys in music! Each seems a

in our history, when the charge was not altogether separate sphere or element. Here we are again in

without foundation. We come to-day, however, the clear, blue, sunny, upper air of E major, the

to borrow a leaf out of the book of our brethren heaven of prophecy, where those first tones of hope

of Old England, which we need not be ashamed came upon us in “Comfort ye, my people.” Then to copy, which is eminently worthy of being it was sweet dependence on a heavenly promise; copied, and which I trust is destined to be renow it is the very sense and inward realization of produced,--in enlarged and improved editions, Immortality, "for now is Christ risen." It is too

frequently if not statedly, in the future history of much to feel: too much for a poor child of circum

this community.
stances; the miracle and glory of it must be cele-
brated in the thrilling trumpet-song, “Behold I tell

For many years past,---I know not exactly how you a mystery."

many, the great Musical Festivals of BirmingAnd what can we say of the triple accumulation

ham and Norwich, of Liverpool, and Manchester, of choruses at the end ? First,“ Worthy the Lamb,"

and York, have been among the most cherished then, “Blessing and honor be unto him," which, if and delightful holidays of our mother country. not more sublime, are at least more elaborate than | They have done much for the cause of musical the “ Hallelujah;". and then, when the hearer thinks improvement, and they have done much, too, for there can be no more, the vocal torrent bursts the the innocent entertainment and wholesome recreshackles of words, and on the two syllables of lation of the people. The most eminent living “Amen," revels with all the freedom of an orchestra in the most magnificent of Fugues. *

composers and performers of Europe have been * * *

proud to take a part in them, and the most dis

tinguished lovers and patrons of Art have been Hon. R. C. Winthrop's Address

eager to attend them.

At this very moment, as you know, arrangeAT THE OPENING OF THE GRAND MUSICAL FESTIVAL

ments are in progress for holding one of them, on AT THE BOSTON MUSIC HALL.

a grander scale than ever before, at the Crystal I am here, Ladies and Gentlemen, at the Palace at Sydenham; and the presence and request of my friend, Mr. Charles Francis Chick patronage of the Queen and Prince Albert,ering,—the worthy successor of an honored father whose musical skill and science, -it has been in the Presidency of the Handel and Haydn said upon the best authority,-would alone have Society,--and by the invitation of the gentlemen won for them no ordinary distinction, had they associated with him in the government of that been in a condition of life to admit of the full Institution, of which it becomes me to remember development and public display of such accommost gratefully to-day, that, by their unmerited plishments,-have been promised and accepted favor, I have myself enjoyed the privileges of an for the occasion. Honorary Member for nearly twenty years,--to We have no Queenly presence or Princely inaugurate the Festival which is now about to patronage, my friends, to rely upon, for lending commence, by some introductory words of com grace or dignity to such an occasion.-though memoration and of welcome.

forms and features which would add brilliancy to I am not unmindful of the difficulty of the a diadem are never wanting to our public assemservice to which I have thus been called. I am blies ;-but we have the fullest confidence that deeply sensible how thin and meagre any single, Republican ears are not insensible to the conunaccompanied human voice must sound, in this cord of sweet sounds," and that Republican hearts spacious Hall and to this expecting audience, are neither closed nor callous to the impression, when brought, even by anticipation, into such

This intimation was fulfilled, in the delivery of the immediate contrast with the multitudinous choral Addres and instrumental power and grandeur which may included in the printed copy.

ssion of many passages w

any passages which are

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whether of the softer melodies or the sublimer | Concerts both of them given for that best and officers of the French fleet,) exhibited on this harmonies of the divine art. And in that confi worthiest of all objects, " the benefit of the Poor;”. occasion, we are told, the G. W. and the Eagle dence we are assembled here to-day, to inaugurate -one of them at King's Chapel on the 23d of set in brilliants, on a black velvet ground, on the the first Musical Festival, which will have been April, where a Mr. Selby was announced to pre bandeau of her hat. organized and conducted in New England, or, I side at the organ; the other at Trinity Church, Washington himself was of course there, and believe I may say, in all America, after the where the organ was played by a Mr. Bellsted another original Ode in his honor was performed precise pattern of the great Festivals of Europe, no match, I venture to say, for the portly Jack in the place of some of the omitted pieces;-an -hailing it as the commencement of a series of son or the accomplished Hayter of later days, Ode of which I may confidently venture to give Festivals, which may not be less distinguished and where the vocal music was performed by an

here the vocal music was performed by an more than a single verse, and which, I am sure, in future years, perhaps, than those from whose association of singers rejoicing in the name of the will find a ready echo in all our hearts:example it has been borrowed,—and welcoming Aretinian Society. I have observed a notice, too,

“Welcome, thrice welcome to the spot, it, especially, as another advance towards that of at least one Instrumental Concert, given on

Where once thy conquering banners wavid, general education of the heart, the tastes and the the 28th of January, 1783, by the Band of the O never be thy praise forgot, affections, of which Heaven knows how much we Massachusetts Regiment of Artillery, whose in

By those thy matchless valor sav'd. stand in need, and which is to be carried on and struments were at length just about to be happily Thy glory beams to Eastern skies, conducted, in no small part at least, through released from the harsh and horrid service of See ! Europe shares the sacred flamerefined and elevated appeals to the eye and to the Revolutionary battle-fields, and which may have And hosts of patriot heroes rise, ear, under the guidance and inspiration of been the original pioneer of the numerous Mili

To emulate thy glorious naine. Christian faith and fear and love, by every tary Bands, whose music has given brilliancy to Labor awhile suspends his toil, department of human Art. so many of the volunteer parades of succeeding

His debt of gratitude to pay;

And Friendship wears a brighter smile, The public performance of sacred or of secu years.

And Music breathes a sweeter lay. lar Music is, indeed,—I need hardly say, by no But a more memorable Concert than either of means a new thing, or a thing of recent intro those to which I have alluded, has come down to

May health and joy a wreath entwine,

And guard thee thro' this scene of strife, duction, in this community. I know not exactly us on the pages of history-a Concert of Sacred

Till Seraphs shall to thee assign how early musical entertainments commenced in Music-called, at the time, an Oratorio, though

A wreath of everlasting life.” the old town of Boston. It is not to be doubted in fact somewhat miscellaneous in its character, that the Pilgrims of Massachusetts, like those of and given at King's Chapel on Tuesday, the 27th

Of all the Oratorios or Concerts which Boston Plymouth, in the beautiful words of Mrs. Hemans, of October, 1789, on occasion of the visit of

has ever witnessed, I think this is the one we "shook the depths of the desert gloom with their George Washington to Boston, as the first Presi

should all have preferred the privilege of attendhymns of lofty cheer.” dent of the United States.

ing.– Who does not envy our grandfathers and • Amidst the storm they sang,

Washington had been received and escorted grandmothers the satisfaction of thus uniting,— And the stars heard, and the sea ; into the town, by a grand civil and military pro

even at the expense of an influenza,--in the And the sounding aisles of the dim wood rang cession, on Saturday, the 24th of October; and

homage which was so justly paid to the transcenTo the anthem of the Free.” on his reaching the front of the Old State House,

dent character and incomparable services of They sang the psalms of David as versified by and entering the colonnade of that time-honored

Washington, and of enjoying a personal view of Sternhold and Hopkins, or by Henry Ainsworth, building, (which I wish could be once more re

his majestic form and features? It is a fact of no the eminent Brownist, adapting them sometimes, stored to its old appearance and to some worthy

little interest, and not perhaps generally known, perhaps, to the tunes arranged by that ancient department of the publie service,) a select choir

that a young German Artist of that day, then * Bachelor of Music," Thomas Ravenscroft;of singers, stationed upon a Triumphal Arch

settled in Boston, by the name of Gulligher, and sometimes, I doubt not, they sang the hymns erected in the immediate vicinity, with DANIEL

seated himself, under the protection of the Rev. and songs of simple old George Wither, to the REA, the most famous vocalist of Boston in that

Dr. Belknap, in a pew in the chapel, where he plain and plaintive two-part melodies of Orlando day, at their head, had welcomed him by the per

could observe and sketch those features and that Gibbons. And, by and by, they made a Psalmformance of an original Ode, of whose quality a

form, and that having followed up his opportuniBook for themselves, and published it among the very few lines may, perhaps, afford a sufficient

ties afterwards,-not without the knowledge and cherished first-fruits of a New England free specimen. It commenced as follows:-

sanction of Washington himself, --he completed a press.*

portrait which is still in the possession of Dr. But the Fine Arts, of which Music is eminent

“Great Washington, the Hero's come,

Belknap's family, and which, though it may never

Each heart exulting hears the sound; ly one, can find no soil or sky for growth or cul

Thousands to their deliverer throng,

be allowed to supersede the likeness which has ture in a new country and amid unsettled insti

And shout him welcome all around!

become classical on the glowing canvas of the tutions. They are at once the fruit and the

Now in full chorus join the song,

gifted Stuart, may still have something of peculiar ornament of peace, civilization and refinement.

And shout aloud, Great Washington."

interest in the musical world, as the Boston We have authentic history for the fact that in I doubt not that the air and execution of this Oratorio portrait of Washington. 1676 " there were no musicians by trade" on this performance were at least equal to the poetry- But I must not detain you longer, my friends, peninsula. Yet more than a hundred years ago,

with these historical reminiscences of the music certainly, the largest hall in the place was known talent of our metropolis was not satisfied with a of Boston in its earlier days,-interesting as I am by the name of Concert Hall,—and as early as single exhibition of itself in honor of the Father | sure they must be to us all. I pass at once, and the second of January, 1755, "a Concert of of his Country. A more formal Concert of without a word of comment, over a period of a Music” was advertised there," Tickets to be Sacred Music had, indeed, been previously ar- | full quarter of a century. Washington has now had at the place of performance in Queen Street, ranged for an earlier day, with a view to raise completed his two terms of civil administration, (now Court Street,) at four shillings each." For funds for finishing the portico of the Chapel; but with a brilliancy of success by no means inferior a long series of years, doubtless, that now vene it had been postponed on account of the weather, to that which had distinguished his military career. rable Hall fulfilled the peculiar purpose which or for some want of preparation. It was now Death has at length set its seal upon the surpasswas designated by its name. In casually turning fixed for the week of Washington's visit, and the ing love in which he was held by the whole over the columns of the Boston News Letter of a

programme is still extant in the papers of that American Nation, and he has gone down to a few years' later date, I observed an advertisement period.

grave, which,--rescued from all danger of deseof a Grand Concert on the twenty-eighth of De After an original Anthem, composed by the cration by the loyalty of Virginia women and cember, 1769, (which was postponed, however, | organist, Mr. Selby,for, it seems that native | the eloquence of at least one Northern Stateson account of the weather, to the following compositions were not altogether discarded on | man,-is destined to be more and more a place week,) for the benefit of a Mr. Hartley, with a that occasion,--the beautiful airs of Handel of devout pilgrimage and reverent resort for the Solo on the violin,-probably not quite equal to “ Comfort ye my people” and “Let the bright | friend, of civil liberty and free government, from the one which Ole Bull gave us last week, or one Seraphim”- were to be sung by Mr. Rea ;-while | all climes and in all generations. The Country, of the brothers Mollenhauer a few weeks ago, the Second Part was to consist of a short but meanwhile, which owed him so inestimable a but still “by a gentleman lately arrived." So entire Oratorio, of which I have seen no account debt, has gone through with many vicissitudes of early did we begin to manifest that indebtedness either before or since, founded on the story of condition since his death-all, as we believe, to foreign musical talent, which no young and Jonah.-The choruses were to be performed by providentially arranged or permitted to discipline industrious country need be ashamed or unwilling the Independent Musical Society, and the instru our youthful vigor, and to develop the institutions to acknowledge, and which we recognize with mental parts by a Society of gentlemen, aided by and consolidate the Union which it had cost so satisfaction and gratitude, not only in more than the Band of His Most Christian Majesty's Fleei, | much blood and treasure to establish. A second one of our most popular and successful professors then lying in our harbor.

war with Great Britain has been waged,--someand instructors, but in so many of the admirable

It seems, however, that owing to the indisposi- times called the second War of Independence,Orchestra and in the skillful Conductor of this tion of several of the best performers, --who were and now at length the bow of peace and promise occasion.

suffering from a prevailing cold which afterwards, is once more seen spanning the wide arch of In the Boston Gazette for 1782, I have met I believe, acquired the name of the Washington our ranged empire." Beneath its genial radiance with the advertisements of at least two other Influenza,-a portion of this programme was we are about to enter upon a period of prosperity

* Governor Endicott's copy of Ravenscroft's again postponed. But the occasion was still a , and progress such as the world had never before Psalms' is in the Library of the Massachusetts His brilliant and memorable one. The ladies of | witnessed. torical Society, -where, also, is a copy of Wither's Boston attended in great numbers, many of them On Christmas Eve, in the year 1814, the Hymns and Songs, with the autograph of Martha

with sashes bearing the bald eagle of the Union Treaty of Peace between England and the UniWinthrop, who came over to New England in 1631, and died soon afterwards. The Bay Psalm Book was

and the G. W. in conspicuous places," while the ted States was signed at Ghent,-a worthy compublished in 1640.

Marchioness of Traversay, (the wife of one of the 1 memoration of that blessed event when the Her

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ald Angels were heard singing to the shepherds | Society has been one of the recognized and cher- | Mr. Jonathan Russell, and Mr. Gallatin-were, on the plains of Bethlehem- Peace on earth, | ished institutions of Boston. Their progress is of course, not to be overlooked ; and the Musical good will towards men. But that Treaty was illustrated by the signal improvement which has Conductor or Band Master of the place called not known on this side of the ocean for six or been witnessed in the musical services of all our upon these Commissioners to furnish him with seven weeks after its date. The great battle of churches, and in the growing taste and skill which our National Air. Our National Air, said they, New Orleans, as you well know, was fought at have rendered the singing of sacred music one is Yankee Doodle. Yankee Doodle, said the least two weeks after that Treaty of Peace was of the most familiar and delightful recreations of Conductor, What is that? Where shall I find signed. Our modern system of railroads and | the domestic circle. Their history is written, still it? By whom was it composed? Can you supsteamers and telegraphs might have saved that more conspicuously, in the records of the nearly ply me with the score? The perplexity of the effusion of fraternal blood-might have deprived | five hundred public Oratorios, besides almost as Commissioners may be better conceived than deindividual heroes--might have deprived our coun many less formal Concerts, which the Society scribed. They were fairly at their wit's ends. try and its history-of all the glory which be have performed, and of the numerous civic and They had never imagined that they should have longed to that really great victory. If that gigan religious ceremonials at which they have assisted. scores of this sort to settle, and each turned to tic Ocean Harp, which is at this moment in pro To them we have owed one of the most effective the other in despair. At last they bethought cess of being strung,—whose deep diapason is and attractive features of not a few of our grand them, in a happy moment, that there was a coldestined to produce a more magical music on the est Anniversary Festivals-our first centennial ored servant of Mr. Clay's, who, like so many of sea than old mythology or modern fable ever as | celebration of Washington's Birthday, and our his race, was a first-rate whistler, and who was cribed to siren, mermaid or Arion,-if the mys second centennial celebration of the Birthday of certain to know Yankee Doodle by heart. He terious gamut of that profound submarine chord Boston. To them we have owed one of the most was forthwith sent for accordingly, and the probhad been in successful operation then, as we hope grateful and graceful compliments which have lem was solved without further delay. The it soon will be, between St. John's and Valentia been paid to the distinguished guests who from Band Master jotted down the air, as the colored Bay,—those cotton-bag ramparts at New Orleans time to time have visited our city,—to Presidents boy whistled it, and before night, said Mr. Adams, might never have been celebrated in history ; Munroe and Jackson and Tyler, and to Henry Yankee Doodle was set to so many parts that while, of those who so gallantly defended them, Clay,-all of whom have accepted their invitations you would hardly have known it, and it came out, many would not have been laid so low, and some, and attended their Oratorios." By them, too, have the next day in all the pride, pomp and circumperhaps, would hardly have risen so high.

been performed the Funeral Dirges for our illus stance of viol and hautboy, of drum, trumpet The news of Peace, however, at length reach trious dead. It was to their swelling peal that and cymbal, to the edification of the Allied Soved New York on the 11th of February, 1815, our own Webster alluded at Faneuil Hall, in his ereigns of Europe, and to the glorification of the and was brought on to Boston by express, with magnificent eulogy on Adams and Jefferson, when United Sovereigns of America. Whether that what was then called unexampled despatch,-in, he said: “I catch that solemn song, I echo that boy was bond or free, I know not, but I think about thirty-two hours. The celebration of the lofty strain of funeral triumph-their bodies are both South and North would agree, that he earnevent, under the auspices of the State Legisla | buried in peace, but their name liveth evermore.'” ed his liberty and his citizenship, too, on that ture, which was then in session, and under the And their funeral chant was heard again, when occasion. immediate direction of our venerable Fellow Faneuil Hall was once more shrouded in black, I would not disparage Yankee Doodle, my Citizen, JosiaII Quincy, as Chairman of the and when that matchless orator was himself the friends. It has associations which must always Committee of Arrangements, took place on the subject of heart-felt lamentation and eulogy. To render its simple and homely melody dearer to 22d of February following. And never was | them we have been indebted for the first produc the hearts of the American People than the Washington's birthday more appropriately and tion in our country of not a few of the sublimest most elaborate compositions of ancient or modnobly celebrated. I have myself a vivid remem compositions of the great Masters of Europe, and ern science. Should our free institutions ever brance of the brilliancy and sparkle of the illu- to them we have owed the opportunity of hearing again be in danger, whether from “malice domination and fireworks in the evening, and my the most exquisite and inspiring airs of those com mestic or foreign levy,' that will still be the tune maturer eyes have often sought in vain for their positions, executed by an Incledon or a Phillips, to which American patriotism will keep step. match in all the dazzling demonstrations of later a Horn, a Braham, or a Caradori Allan. I may We must always preserve it, and never be ashaholidays. But the full heart of Boston could not attempt to name the more recent vocalists, med of it;—though I do venture to hope that a find no adequate utterance for itself but in foreign or domestic, whom they have successively day may come, when, like England and Austria music. Nothing but a “Te Deum Laudamus” | brought forward, and some of whom are here to and Russia,--to name no other lands--we may could satisfy the emotions of that hour, and the add brilliancy to the present occasion. Incited have something fit to be entitled a National great feature of the occasion was a Service of by their example, too, other Associations have Anthem, which shall combine an acknowledgment thanksgiving and praise,--without orations or

of God with the glorious memories of wise and sermons,-in the old Stone Chapel, where, after boring towns, as well as in various other parts of brave men ;—which shall blend the emotions of prayer by the Rev. Dr. Lathrop, then the aged our Commonwealth and country,—the Academy piety and patriotism, uniting in sweet accord the and respected pastor of the Second Church, the of Music, the Musical Education Society, the praises of the Divine Author of our Freedom Duet of “Lovely Peace” was sung by Col. Mendelssohn Choral Society, and many others, and Independence, with those of his chosen and Webb and Miss Graupner, and a part of the which have rendered efficient service in a com commissioned human instruments, in a strain Dettingen Te Deum and the Hallelujah Chorus mon cause, and which deserve the grateful re worthy to commemorate the rise and progress of of Handel were executed by nearly two hundred membrance of every lover of harmony.

our Great Republic. and fifty vocal and instrumental performers. The When this Society was originally instituted, the But this little anecdote of what happened at newspapers of the day,-not yet inured to any. music of Boston, of New England, and I may Ghent, furnishes no bad illustration, certainly, of thing of indiscriminate or venal puffing,-pro say of all America,—both sacred and secular, the condition of American music at the precise nounce it, by all admission, the very best music was in a most crude and disorganized condition. period when this Society first took it in hand, ever heard in Boston.

Aretinian Societies and Independent Musical and when it might almost be said that Yankee And now, my friends, it can hardly be doubted Societies had done a little for it, and then died Doodle and the lips of a whistling boy were the that the impressive musical services of that Peace out. Occasional Concerts, like those to which I prevailing airs and instruments of our land. Jubilee gave the primary impulse to the estab- have alluded, may be found scattered at long and What a contrast does this occasion suggest ! lishment of the Association, which is signalizing dreary intervals along the previous half century. This noble Hall itself,—second to none in the to-day the forty-second year of its active exist

e so world in its adaptation to the purposes to which ence by the Festival we are assembled to inau- | many good things have sprung, had already com- it has been dedicated, the pride of our whole gurate. Its echoes had hardly died away,-four menced the publication of “the Bridgewater community, and which reflects so much credit on weeks, indeed, had scarcely elapsed since it was Collection."* " But there was no systematic and the liberal enterprise and persevering energy of held, before a notice was issued by Gottlieb permanent organization for the improvement of those who were immediately concerned in its Graupner, Thomas Smith Webb and Asa Pea- musical taste, skill, or science, in any of our large erection,—what a monument it stands of the mubody, for a meeting of those interested in the communities, and there was but little of either sical taste and zeal to which the old Handel and subject “of cultivating and improving a correct taste, skill or science to be improved. I have | Haydn Society gave the original impulse! For taste in the performance of sacred music.” In heard the late John QUINCY ADAMS, -an | myself, I cannot but feel that a deep debt of that meeting, held on the 30th of March, 1815, intense lover of music himself, and whose com gratitude is due to an Association, whose perthe Handel and Haydn Society originated. On prehensive acquirements embraced a knowledge formances and whose publications, through a pethe 20th of April, their Constitution was adopted. of this particular subject which would have been riod of more than forty years,-under the PresiThe following May-Day witnessed their first pri. extraordinary in any body else,—tell a story, dency of such men as the earlier and the later vate practicing from the old Lock Hospital Col- which may serve as an illustration of the state of Webb, of Lowell Mason, of Zeuner, and Chicklection--and on the succeeding Christmas Eve American music at that precise period. During ering and Perkins,--have exercised so important ning, at the same consecrated Chapel, where the negotiation, at Ghent, of that Treaty of Peace an influence in refining and elevating the musiWashington attended that memorable Public | to which I have just alluded, a Festival or Ban- cal taste of New England ;-and more especially Concert a quarter of a century before, and where quet, or it may have been a Ball, was about to in improving the character of our Sacred Music, that solemn Jubilee of Peace had been so re take place, at which it was proposed to pay the and affording us an opportunity of enjoying the cently celebrated, their first Grand Oratorio was customary musical compliment to all the Sover- | glorious airs and anthems and choruses which given, to a delighted audience of nine hundred eigns who were either present or represented on have been composed to the praise and honor of and forty-five persons, with the Russian Consul, the occason. The Sovereign People of the Uni God. And I am glad of an opportunity of testhe well-remembered Mr. Eustaphieve, assisting ted States, represented there, as you remember, tifying my own individual obligation to them. as one of the performers in the Orchestra.

by Mr. Adams himself, Mr. Bayard, Mr. Clay, This is not the occasion, nor am I the person, From that day to this, the Handel and Haydn

• The late Hon. Nahum Mitchell.

| for any scientific analysis or comparison of styles


or of masters. Every thing of this sort may be | best emotions upon the “ foolery of so scandalous to employ sacred themes and sacred words for the safely left to our excellent Music Journal and its a subject " * as that of Don Giovanni, and which mere purpose of entertainment. But it is a great accomplished editor and contributors. Nor will could find no requiem or repose for itself, till it mistake to suppose that mere entertainment is all I venture to detain you with any elaborate periods had made that last and grandest effort in the ser that is imparted, or all that is intended, by such or swelling common-places about the importance vice of God.

performances. The man must indeed be “deaf and influence of music in general. The poets, When HAYDN,- next entitled to the sceptre, as the dead to harmony," who can listen to the philosophers and moralists of all ages are full of - was giving an account of his own Oratorio of story of the Creation or of the Redemption, as them. The music of the Church, the Cathedral the Seasons, he is related to have said, “ It is not | told in the lofty strains which are presently to be and the Camp-meeting,-of the Concert-room, another Creation,-and the reason is this: In heard here, without being kindled into something the Academy and the Opera,-of the fireside, that Oratorio the actors are angels—in the four of fresh admiration and adoration towards the the serenade, the festival, and the battle-field, seasons they are but peasants.”

great Author and Finisher of both. Yes, deaf the songs of the Troubadours, the psalms of the BEETHOVEN,—whom the munificent liberality | as the dead to harmony must he have been born, Covenanters, the hymns of Luther, Wesley and and consummate skill of kindred spirits in our and with a soul sealed up to at least one of the Watts,—Old Hundred,—the Cotter's Saturday own land have united in enthroning as the pre- highest sources of inspiration, who feels no glow Night, Elgin and Dundee, Auld Lang Syne, siding genius of this Hall, in the wonderful of grateful awe as the Light flashes forth in audiHome, sweet Home, the Ranz des Vaches, Hail instrumentation of his Symphonies and Sonatas ble coruscations upon that new-created world, Columbia, God save the King, the Marseillaise, and Quatuors and Trios, seem always aspiring to and no thrill of holy joy as the Heavens are the Red Fox of Erin, which the exquisite songster / a strain,-and often reaching it, too,—which has | heard telling the glory of God ;-whose belief in of Ireland tells us made the patriot Emmet start less of earth in it than of heaven. I well know,' the miraculous incarnation of “ One mighty to to his feet and exclaim, Oh that I were at the said he, that God is nearer me in my Art than save" is not quickened, as the majestic titles by head of twenty thousand men, marching to that others- I commune with him without fear-ever- which he was to be called come pealing forth so triair !—why, my friends, what a continued and more have I acknowledged and understood him.' umphantly in the very words of prophecy—“Woncrowded record does the history of the world's And when dealing with any thing more articulate derful-Counsellor--the Mighty God;”—who is great heart present, of the noble sympathies which than the fancied language of the skies, he too not.conscious of a more vivid faith in the great have been stirred, of the heroic impulses which sought his best inspiration at the Mount of Olives, doctrine of the resurrection, as the sublime dechave been awakened, of the devotional fires | and found it at least in his Hallelujahs.

laration of the patient old Patriarch is again and which have been kindled, of the love to God and MENDELSSOhn's ominous and insatiate yearn again so exquisitely reiterated—“I know-I love to man and love to country,--not always, | ing for the spirit-world displayed itself first, in know that my Redeemer liveth; "--and who alas, unattended by excess,—to which animation deed, in his Midsummer Night's Dream;—but it does not catch a deeper sense of the mystery and utterance have been given, by the magic was only in depicting the wonderful ways and and the glory of that blessed consummation, power of music! To how many individual works of the greatest of Prophets and the greatest when “the Kingdoms of the earth shall become hearts, too, here and everywhere, has the story of of Apostles,-of an Elijah and a St. Paul,—that the Kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ," David charming away the gloomy moods of the his genius found its full play and won its noblest Jewish Monarch, or, more likely it may be, of triumphs.

ating with the ecstacy of those transcendent and Annot Lyle chasing the mists from the spirit of I shall not soon forget the emotions with which, exulting Hallelujahs ! the Highland Chief, seemed only like a transcript just ten years ago, in London, I first listened to No, it is not entertainment alone which this of some cherished experience of their own! But

occasion will have communicated to some at least I pass over all the science and almost all the and presence of the young and brilliant Composer, of the souls which shall vibrate to these sublime sentiment for which the occasion might give as he stood in Exeter Hall conducting a choir and solemn strains. I know that the fervors and opportunity. You are here to enjoy the thing and band of six or seven hundred voices and in raptures which result from mere musical susceptiitself, which will be far better than any flights of struments in the performance of that most im bility are no safe substitute for the prayer and descriptive rhetoric or rhapsody of which I am pressive Oratorio. Less than six months were to praise which belong to the true idea of religious capable.

expire-nobody dreamed it then-before he him worship, and I am not altogether without sympaI must be permitted, however, to congratulate self was to disappear from these earthly scenes thy with those, who would be glad to see this you, before closing, that the growing worldliness almost as suddenly as the great Prophet whom he ancient Society returning to its original practice of the age we live in, has not quite yet diverted was portraying, -and one might almost imagine during the first ten or fifteen years of its existthe divine and solemn harmonies of this glorious that the first faint. glories of the celestial world | ence, by giving some of its public performances, art from their original and rightful allegiance. were gleaming upon his soul—that he had caught as they are now doing, at times when they may The Fine Arts in every department - Architec a passing glimpse of those chariots of fire, whose be attended and enjoyed by those to whom the ture and Sculpture, Painting and Music, alike, rushing sound and sparkling track were the fit domestic circle or the services of the Sanctuary have owed their best inspirations and their noblest accompaniments of that miraculous translation to are the chosen and cherished occupations of a opportunities to religion. The Bible has always the skies, -as he stood trembling with transport Sunday evening. But it will be an evil day for supplied them with their most effective themes. at his own magnificent harmonies.

the best interest of mankind, when the noblest Its matchless diction, its magnificent imagery, its Nor can I fail to call up, in this connection, and most impressive varieties of music shall be exquisite poetry, its glorious promises, its stu the image of another most accomplished and utterly discarded and divorced from the service pendous miracles, its sublime revelations and

of religion, and given finally over to the meretrirealities have constituted an exhaustless magazine 1 privileged to listen to this sublime performance- cious uses of sensuality or superstition. The of material for them all, and more especially for the late Lord Ellesmere,—who represented Great | sacred Chronicler has told us how it was under Music.

Britain so acceptably at the opening of our Crystal the old dispensation--that it was only when the HANDEL, foremost, in merit as in time, among Palace in New York, who delighted Boston, too, singers and the trumpeters were as one, to make the little company of world-renowned Composers,* | by his genial eloquence at our School Festival one sound to be heard in praising and thanking -and whose Statue might well claim no second soon afterwards, and whose recent death has the Lord, and when they lifted up their voice place in this very Hall, as one of the supporters occasioned so much of sincere and just regret with the trumpets and cymbals and instruments of that gigantic Organ which we are soon to wel among the friends of Art in all its departments of music and praised the Lord-saying, · For he come,- Handel, one of the last touches of whose and in both hemispheres.

is good; for his mercy endureth forever;'"trembling fingers may haply have rested on the And now I rejoice that these noble Oratorios that it was only then, at the outpouring of that keys of an organ, erected just one hundred years of these greatest composers are to form the main grand vocal and instrumental unison of thanksago last August, and still doing most acceptable feature of this occasion. I rejoice that, at this giving and praise, that the visible glory of the service, in our own city, which tradition tells us first New England Musical Festival, the divine Lord came down, filling and overshadowing the that this favorite musician of George the Second, Art is so distinctly to recognize its rightful relation house of God. And though the Gospel does uninfirm and blind as he was, selected for His Ma- to Divinity, as the privileged handmaid of Religion. doubtedly point to a purer and more spiritual jesty's Chapel in New England, only two years Without feeling called upon to pronounce any worship, yet from that most memorable and solbefore his death. the giant Handel,” as Pope opinion upon other amusements and festivals for emn hour, of which the simple record runs concalled him— the more than Homer of his age,” which other voices in other places are pleading, I cerning the Savior and his disciples" And when as Cowper did not scruple to add,-could find no am glad that this veteran Association of New they had sung an hymn, they went out unto the story but that of Redeeming Love, no career or England, faithful to its first love, true to the key Mount of Olives," -- from that most memorable character but that of the Messiah, for the full note of its earliest organization,-at a moment too and solemn hour, Music has been recognized as development and display of his unrivalled power when so many influences are alluring us away a consecrated handmaid of Christianity; and and pathos.

from whatever is pure and lovely and of good those which Christ himself has thus joined toThat mysterious demand for a Requiem which report,-has instituted a series of Holidays, not gether, it is not for any man to put asunder. haunted the sleeping and the waking hours of the only combining morality and innocence with the And may God grant that the performances dying Mozart--the immediate successor of Han most refined and elevating enjoyment, but blend which are now about to begin, may be endued del upon the musical throne--might almost seem, ing so nobly and so worthily the praises of God

with a double power over the hearts of all who -to à superstitious mind, perhaps,—to have been with the recreation of man.

hear them ;—that these resounding anthems may only, after all, the compunctious visitings of a I do not forget that a severe religious casuistry do something to purge and purify the corrupted breast, which was aroused too late to the con has sometimes raised a question, how far it is fit currents of the air we breathe ;---that these softy sciousness of having prostituted so many of its

enunciations and reiterations of the great truths

* These are the words of Beethoven, who said of • Unless SEBASTIAN BACH, his contemporary, of

of the Bible may aid in arresting and driving Mozart's great Opera : “ The sacred art ought never whose works so many are lost, and so few are famil to be degraded to the foolery of so scandalous a sub

back the tide of delusion, infidelity and crime iarly known in this country, may be his equal.

| which is raging and swelling so fearfully around

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