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convinced his auditors that he was not one of those 1 The numbers and distribution of the orchestra are of voice, style and execution of difficult airs and vocalists who look so large in the columns of an already determined on. There will be 76 first violins, cavatinas, displayed by quite a number of young Italian or Spanish newspaper and sound so small when 74 second violins, 50 violas, 50 violoncellos, and 50 ladies, was truly remarkable...: We were sorry to they reach a London or Parisian stage. The compass double-basses, (in all 300 stringed instruments); 9
be out of town on the evening of Miss TWICHELL'S of the voice was evidently extensive, and, moreover, flutes, 9 oboes, 9 clarionets, 9 bassoons, 12 horns, 12 even throughout, without any breaks in the high or trumpets and cornets, 9 trombones, 3 ophiclcides, 9
concert. The Traveller says: “It is very seldom low places; the notes all came from the chest, the serpents and bass-horns, 3 drums, and 6 side-drums,
that a concert is given in which the critic finds so intonation was faultless, and the tender emotions of
(90 wind instruments)-a force hitherto unprecedent- much to commend," and this seems to be the general earlier scenes were expressed with genuine feeling. ed.
impression. But when, discovering that his King has fobbed him The organ, constructed expressly for the occasion
Read our Berlin letter, lovers of opera. off with an unworthy marriage, the newly made noble by Messrs. Gray and Davison, will be one of great
Think of dashes his order upon the ground and breaks his power and on an appropriately gigantic scale. The such a bill of fare for three months, embracing every sword across his knee, there was a spirit in Signor instrument being nearly in a state of completion, the
style and school of opera: Gluck. Mozart, Chera. Giuglini's action and a force in his voice from which it swell and great organs were recently tried in the manwas easy to be seen that the gentle lover of the first ufactory ; but, as there was not space enough even in
bini, Weber, Donizetti, Verdi, Wagner-not one of act had given slight hints rather than full demonstra the very extensive premises of the makers to put up these varieties, but all in a single season. Were our tions of his strength.
the pedal organ, it could not be heard on that occa opportunities as various, our tastes would be more The beautiful aria, “Spirito Gentil,” in which sion. What was tested, however, was unanimously cosmopolitan and just; there would be less quarrelthe solitary Fernando abstracts himself from the approved by the connoisseurs present. The organ ling about German and Italian, and each kind would vices of his lost bride and indulges in mystical con will occupy a platform in the Crystal Palace of 40 feet | take ite nl
take its place and pass for what it is worth. templation of her beauty, is revealed to his mind's wide by 24 deep. The weight of the new instrueye, was given with the most exquisite feeling imagin ment will be somewhere about twenty tons, which, as
The exhibition of Sculpture and Paintings at the able, the voice being thoroughly subdued down to all it is to remain a fixture, will demnand a platform of the humility of hopeless misery, but fully sonorous the most solid and durable nature. The orchestra,
Atheneum Gallery this season is one of unusual inand distinct throughout. It was a lyrical wail, kept already completed, occupies a space of 168 feet in terest. Never before have we had so rich and choice a within the bounds of the best taste, and the falsetto width, (just 38 feet wider than Exeter Hall), and 90 collection of paintings, or one (thanks to the zeal and notes—which the vocalist now introduced for the first feet in depth. The seats for the performers are grad taste of the Boston Art Club) so well asranged. The time-seemed wondrously accordant with the anguish ually raised, one above another, so that every instru ALLSTON works alone, especially his “ Beatrice" and assumed. A unanimous demand for an encore imme mentalist and vocalist can have a full view of their those wonderful Italian landscapes, which have not diately followed the conclusion of the aria, and conductor. The band will be in front, horus at been seen in public since the Allston exhibition twenty consideration for the singer alone prevented the honor the back. The aspect presented by t
tic su years ago, are worth a
rney to behold. Then from being repeated. There is nothing very extraor perstructure, when crowded from roof to base with there is the Dowse collection of Water Colors, the dinary in applause at the song, but the entranced singers and players, can hardly fail to be one of the finest in the country, some of the best works of PAGE, manner in which the audience hung upon the notes of most imposing description. The whole is contrived capital specimens of the last efforts of our young this aria, as they were so softly and smoothly poured on the most approved principles for the insuring
Boston artists, such as HUNT. AMES, CHAMPNEY, forth by Signor Giuglini, and the sudden change from strength and resistance. The beams of timber, screw GAY, WIGHT, WILDE, GERRY, Miss CLARKE, &c. &c. rapt attention into noisy enthusiasm made up a com ed and bolted together, (there are no nails), with and all those venerable old inhabitants of the Athepound effect that is only witnessed on the occasion of their stage and struts and bearings, present the ap næum, some of the largest of which are happily made genuine triumphs. From this moment the vocalist pearance of a complete forest of wood-work. The to line the walls as you ascend the staircase. seemed inspired, and when the lady of his thoughts two upper rows, allotted to the instrumental departbecame bodily present, and he reproached her with the ment of the orchestra, will be consigned to the doubleincorrectness of her position at Court, he reached the basses, &c. Between these and the seats intended perfection of musical declamation. The voice, in for the chorus there is a broad avenue for passage to which power had hitherto seemed the least remarkable and fro. In short, the accommodation is so judiciousquality, now reverberated through the house, gaining ly arranged that every singer and player will be thor
OLD BULL'S volume from the assumed rage of the singer. When oughly at ease, and thus better able to give to the the curtain fell three enthusiastic calls brought Signor ensemble the benefit of his talents.
GRAND FAREWELL CONCERTS. Giuglini and Mademoiselle Spezia as many times to the lamps, and then the habitués, having first sum
Notice to the Public. moned Mr. Lumley into their presence and honored
The Manager of these Concerts takes great pleasure in an
nouncing to the citizens of Boston and the public generally, him with a thunder of congratulations, retired into
that (in consequence of OLE BULL having decided upon rethe lobby to discuss the events of the evening. The
turning to Norway the ensuing summer for the benefit of his success of the new tenor was on every tongue, and the
health,) he has been induced to fix the price of admission to only question was, how far we must look back to find
The preparations for the Festival go on bravely
these (his last) Concerts at 50 cents, which will give an oppora like triumphant debut of the same class of voice. three rehearsals 'weekly. The time grows short,
tunity for every person to hear the greatest Violinist living Mademoiselle Spezia, who played the frail but lovely
before his final departure from this country. hardly a fortnight, yet we hear of no rehearsal of the Leonora, is an actress of great energy, and made a considerable sensation by the details of the dying * Choral” Symphony. To let that fall through
OLE BULL respectfully announces that he will give scene in the last act. Her voice, most extensive in again, would be worse failure than all the other pro
ONE GRAND CONCERT its register, is not remarkable for flexibility, and her attention has probably been directed more to dramatic
AT TREMONT TEMPLE, mised glories could offset. Shall so great a work expression than to the mere effects of vocalization. go without a hearing merely for want of some self On Saturday Evening, May 9th, 1857, The spirit with which she interpreted the character sacrificing solo tenor or soprano! Is the great end
Assisted by the following eminent talent : completely gained for her the sympathies of the
Mr. George Harrison, of the Festival to show forth this, that and the other audience, and, though Signor Giuglini was the “lion"
The celebrated English Ballad Singer, of the evening, she had every reason to be satisfied solo singer in the most flattering light! Pray let us
Mr. Horncastle, the great English Buffo Singer, with her reception. The important character of Baldassare was played by a third débutant, Signor have the Symphony, if the solos can be done but
(Of the Pyne and Harrison Opera troupe) and Vialetti, a basso profondo, endowed with extraordinary
Mr. William Dressler, passably. May our good stars yet send us LApower in the lower region of his voice. Signor Bene
The talented Pianist and Composer. GRANGE, and all will be right. Speaking of the ventano, the père noble of last year, was an august
For full particulars, see programmes. Alfonso XI.
Festival, we are reminded of a suggestion, urged in Tickets, 50 cents, may be had at Russell & Richardson's, the Traveller and the Courier, that the miscellaneous
where seats may be secured without extra cbarge. Office open THE HANDEL FESTIVAL.-Preparations, (says the
for the sale of seats on Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, beconcerts should be used to some extent for the pro tween 9 and 4 o'clock. Advertiser), are already making at the Crystal Palace duction of new works by American composers. We
Doors open at 7-Concert to commence at 8 o'clock. in England, for the celebration of the centenary an
would we had room to copy the Traveller's article; niversary of Handel's death in 1759. In aid of these
GREAT MUSICAL FESTIVAL as it is, we can only add our hearty commendation
IN BOSTON ! preparations a preliminary essay was gotten up for the celebration of the ninety-eighth anniversary, (on
of the plan. There should be room, in those three the 15th, 17th and 19th of this coming June.) In days, without much sacrifice of classic works, for
WILL HOLD A the London Times of the 13th, we have an account of
introducing at least one native work per day. two rehearsals which had already been had, viz.: of Ole Bull draws his magic bow again to-night AT THE MUSIC HALL IN BOSTON, " Israel in Egypt” and the “Messiah.” “Judas before a Boston audience, and will no doubt be
IN THE MONTH OF MAY, Maccabæus " was to follow on the 15th. Several
warmly welcomed. His programme is altogether weeks had been occupied by “the Metropolitan divi
On a plan similar to those held in Birmingham, Berlin, and popular. He will play a fantasia on Bellini's Romeo,
other European Cities. sion of the chorus," aided by competent professional another on American airs, his well known “Mother's
The arrangements for this Festival have been made on the advisers, in making a selection of 1100 “picked
most liberal scale. The Choir having been augmented, by voices.” Prayer," and “Carnival of Venice.”
invitations, will numbersome SIX HUNDRED, and the OrThey were selected individually, upon a
chestra SEVENTY-FIVE. will be wholly English: Mr. HARRISON will do the trial of each at the piano-forte, practising the com
The Artists engaged are of the best available talent in the
country, and no labor or expense will be spared to make this serious (ballad), and Mr. Horncastle the comic expass and quality of voice, proficiency at sight readtravaganza part....Sig. BENDELARI, the accom
The Great Musical Feature of the Season. ing, and other essential gifts, all of which were reg
The Festival will continue for three consecutive days, comistered so as to guarantee the ultimate choice of the plished maestro of singing, gave a brilliant soirée at mencing on the morning of the 21st, with an Opening Address inost efficient. The effect at the two recitations above Chickering's on Thursday evening, with his pupils
by Hop. ROBERT C. WINTHROP, as an Inaugural to the
Festivities. mentioned, was pronounced “ more than satisfacto | and classes, to the number of some sixty ladies and The following Oratorios will be performed : ry.” Of the arrangements for that of Wednesday, twenty gentlemen. About twenty of the best Ital. HAYDN'S "CREATION," the 15th, we have the following account. They are on ian airs, cavatinas, duets, quartets and choruses were
MENDELSSOHN'S “ELIJAH," and a scale nearly equal to that of fitting out a first class sung, the maestro himself playing all the piano ac
HANDEL'S “MESSIAH." ship of war: companiments with great taste and skill. We have
Together with Miscellaneous and Orchestral Concerts on the The provincial branches of the chorus are forming
afternoons of each day. The entertainments to be in the day only room now to say that there was some of the time, with the exception of the “Messiah," with which the in the principal cities and towns of Great Britain un
Festival will close on the evening of Saturday. der the guidance of professors and amateurs of acfinest chorus-singing, by the whole eighty voices, that
Further particulars will be given in future advertisements. knowledged ability. . we ever listened to, and that the beauty and culture
L. B. BARNES, SEO'T.
THE HANDEL AND HAYDN SOCIETY
Grand Musical Festival,
Novello's Cheap MUSIC,
FIRST PREMIUM PIANO-FORTES.
CHICKERING & SONS
L. WATKINS de Co. JOINT EXHIBITION of Paintings and Stat nary
(Successors to REED & WATKINS,) A by the BOSTON ATHENAEUM and the BOSTON ART
(Imported from England) CLUB, is now open at the Athenæum, in Beacon Street.
Wholesale & Retail Dealers in Among many other valuable Paintings are a large number of WASHINGTON ALLSTON's best Works, and the Dowse Collec
PIANO-FORTES tion of Water Colors. Season tickets 50 cents—Single admissions 25 cents.
From the most celebrated
Eastern Manufactories. ORGAN BUILDER,
WAREHOUSE and SHOWROOMS, FFERS his services in tuning and repairing.-References:
No. 51 Randolph Street,........Chicago, Ill. A. U. HAYTER, Organist of Trinity Church ; GEORGE J.
A Collection of Popular Glees and MADRIGALS, in Vocal Score, WEBB, Professor of Music. Orders left at the music store of
with ad. lib. Accompaniment for Piano-forte. Complete
JAMES W. VOSE'S
A SILVER PRIZE MEDAL
Was awarded for these Pianos at the last Great Exhibition in
. Boston, in competition with the best makers in the country, &c. Each Glee and Madrigal is printed separately, at prices 306 CHESTNUT STREET, PHILADELPHIA,
for their fine musical tone and perfect action. Also, varying from 4 to 12 cents each.
A BRONZE MEDAL, Agents of J. André, Offenbach, Publisher of the complete Editions of Beethoven's, Clementi's, Haydn's and Mozart's works.
Novello's Part Song-Book. . For the superiority and beauty of the exterior. Every instru
ment purchased from this establishment will be warranted to In One Volume, handsomely bound in cloth, with illuminated
give full and perfect satisfaction, lettering. Price, $2.
Warerooms 335 Washington St., corner West St.,
Vocal parts to the whole work, 25 cents each part; Vocal parts
AT JAMES W. VOSE'S, No. 385 WASHINGTON STREET. PIANO-FORTES
S. B. BALL,
TEACHER OF MUSIC,
books, each containing about six Glees, in separate vocal parts,
with separate Piano-forte accompaniment, have been published,
SIGNOR AUGUSTO BENDELARI Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association | J. A. Novello immediately on their publication in London.
Gives Instruction in Singing.
Residence No. 86 Pinckney Street.
The Musical Times,
AND SINGING-CLASS CIRCULAR, “For most decided and meritorious Improvements,"
PUBLISHED (IN LONDON) ON THE FIRST OF EVERY MONTH.
Containing Anthems, Chorals and Hymns, or Glees, Madrigals
and Elegies, for One, Two, Three, Four, or more Voices.
U. S. HOT EL.
A Monthly Journal, containing original articles by EDWARD
HOLMES, Author of the “Life of Mozart,” &c.; Short notices
Piano-Forte Instruction. important Musical Works; and, in addition, three or four FOR THE BEST PIANO-FORTE CASES, pages of Music. The alternate numbers contain music with MLLE. GABRIELLE DE LAMOTTE,
secular or sacred words. Price 3 cents each, or post-free, 4
RESIDENCE, 55 HANCOCK STREET.
WILLIAM A. JOHNSON,
had separately, in paper covers, 75 cents each. Annual sub-
RGAN BUILDER, FOR THE BEST SPECIMEN OF JIG-SAWING,
J. A. NOVELLO,
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And at 69 Dean street, Soho Square, and 24 Poultry, London. WILLIAM SCHULTZE, FROM THE
IVES Instruction on the VIOLIN, the PIANO-FORTE, HALLET, DAVIS & CO. U and in the THEORY OF MUSIC. Address at his resiAmerican Institute, New York,
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Grand, Parlor Grand,
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and Square PATENT AMERICAN ACTION THE GOLD MEDAL.
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Residence No. 56 Kneeland Street.
ADOLPH KIEL BLOCK, Tracher of the Piano aud singing,
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This House was established in 1823, by JONAS CHICKER-
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C. BRE USING,
IMPORTER OF FOREIGN MUSIC,
701 BROADWAY, NEW YORK, A Collection of Catholic Music, containing Six Masses, a short
Dépôt of Erard's Grand Pianos.
CIRCULATING MUSICAL LIBRARY.
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| PUBLISHER OF MUSIC, Oliver Ditson & Co., 115 Washington St.
And Dealer in Musical Merchandise,
544 BROADWAY, ALBANY. Instructor of the Piano-Forte, Organ & Varmony,
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each subsequent....$6.00 Gives Instruction on the PIANO, and may be addressed at Special notices (leaded), each insertion, per line 20 cts. Richardson's Musical Exchange. Terms, $50 per quarter of 24 Payments required in advance : for yearly advertisements, lessons, two a week; $30 per quarter of 12 lessons, one a week. quarterly in advance.
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A Paper of Art and Literature.
WHOLE No. 267.
BOSTON, SATURDAY, MAY 16, 1857.
Vol. XI. No. 7.
Dwight's Journal of Music, selvoiy are the alternate
selves, are the alternate changes of one figure ancy and confident announcement of hope; in
this, it is hope tinged with sadness,--more of rePUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
And now the suffering finds a voice. There is fective yearning, and less of the child's unques
a chorus of the people-" Help, Lord ! wilt thou tioning acceptance and assurance. It would TERMS: By Mail, $2 per annum, in advance.
quite destroy us?”-still in D minor, 4-4 time, compare more closely, however, with “ He shall When left by Carrier, $2,50
Andante. First a loud cry, “ Help, Lord !” upon feed his flock :" only that is an alto song, and SINGLE COPIES. SIX CENTS.
the minor common chord of D, the accompani- this a tenor, as befits the difference of sentiment;
ments traversing downwards and upwards through for in that, the feminine element, or Love, is all J. S. DWIGHT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. all its inversions for two bars; then, as the air in all; whereas in this, the masculine element of EDWARD L. BALCH, PRINTER.
climbs one note higher, the same process is re Justice tempers Love. In this song, as in the
peated on the crying chord of the Diminished duet before, and as throughout the oratorio, MenE OFFICE, No. 21 School Street, Boston.
Seventh, which, through the dominant Seventh | delssohn displays his rare poetic invention in ac
upon C, would fain force its way out into the companiment; in every bar at first it takes, as if SUBSCRIPTIONS RECEIVED bright major key of F, and find relief; but while unconsciously, the form of " seek and find," -a At the OFFICE OF PUBLICATION,....21 School St. Boston. the bass tends boldly that way, the chord of D climbing arpeggio answered by a full chord; By RUSSELL & RICHARDSON, 291 Wash'n St. 66
minor returning in the upper parts smothers the when it reaches the words, “ Oh! that I knew CLAPP & CORY,.................. Providence, R. I. C. BREUSING,...... ..... 701 Broadway, New York.
tendency, producing a discordant mixture of where I might find Him," the whole air pulses to * SCHARFENBERG & LUIS, 769 Broadway, " tonics which is peculiarly expressive on the the heart-beat of the melody, as the violins divide " GEORGE DUTTON, JR............. Rochester, N.Y.
words: “Wilt thou quite destroy us?” Out of the measure into crystal and precise vibrations. G. ANDRE & co..... 306 Chestnut St. Philadelphia. " JOHN H. MELLOR,.................. Pittsburg, Pa.
this massive and compact beginning the tenors Then breaks out the turbulent chorus in C minor, " MILLER & BEACHAM... 181 Baltimore St. Baltimore. lead the way in a freer movement, chanting the “ Yet doth the Lord see it not. His wrath will 1 W. D. ZOGBAUM & Co.,
... Savannah, Ga. W.F. COLBURN,
.. Cincinnati, O.
two plaintive phrases: “ The harrest now is over, pursue us," &c.; full of diminished sevenths and " HOLBROOK & LONG,............... Cleveland, o. the summer days are gone," and " And yet no of discords from bold overlapping of one chord
power cometh to help us," which are duly taken upon another. Its vehement and angry motion is THE ORATORIOS FOR THE FESTIVAL.-Naturally
up by the other voices and passed round as the suddenly arrested on a discord of this sort, (domall the musical interest for the coming week will con
themes of a very beautiful and graceful Fugue, inant 7th upon the tonic,) in the words: “till he centrate upon the Festival of Thursday, Friday and
which works itself up by degrees into the right destroys us," and after the pause, follows the Saturday. As many persons then will listen perhaps
chord for a transition to the key of E major, | grave, massive, psalm-like, solid piece of counterfor the first time to Oratorios by Handel, Haydn and
when the Fugue is quelled for a while into a point, all in long half-notes: "For HE, THE Mendelssohn, it seems fit that our Journal should
uniform movement: “Will then the Lord be no LORD OUR GOD, HE IS A JEALOUS GOD," &c.,
more God in Zion?” with a fitful, tremulous ac- thrown up like a mountain range of the primeval contain some aids to the understanding of these noble
companiment; but it soon breaks loose again, and, granite in the midst of this great musical creation; works; and therefore we take the liberty to reprint
amid renewals of the cry, “ Help, Lord !” from yet its solemnity is not all barren, for erelong its portions of the synopses which we wrote of them some
single voices, terminates the chorus. A remark- sides wave with the forests sprung from the acyears ago; not that we flatter ourselves that they are
able choral recitative succeeds, in which the com- cumulated soil of ages, and the solemn procession of any great intrinsic value, but because any such de
plaints of famine come up in distinct, successive of the clouds in heaven passes in shadows over scription in detail of a great musical work helps to fragments of melody from one mass of voices their surface; the key shifts to the major; the fasten the attention of the hearer upon its real beau after another:-" The deep affords no water,” — accompaniments acquire a freer movement; rich, ties. This week we give “Elijah" and the “Crea “ The infant children ask for bread," &c.,-ex- refreshing modulations succeed each other smoothtion;” next week we shall add the “ Messiah.” ceedingly expressive, if the voices start the theme ly, and the vocal parts diverge in separate streams
with perfect concert. Next we have a plaintive of perfect harmony, at the thought; “His MERI. Mendelssohn's "Elijah."
duet for sopranos, “ Zion spreadeth her hands for | CIES ON THOUSANDS FALL," &c. Fit prelude The figure of the prophet is stationed, at once, aid,”-one of those wild and tender melodies to the voice of angels! An alto voice, in recitaboldly in the foreground. Even the overture is (each part a melody, however,) in which we get tive, bids Elijah “hence to Cherith's brook," prefaced by a brief recitative, in which, with the genuine aroma of Mendelssohn's peculiar telling of the ravens” who will feed him. Then firm, deep voice, he declares that "there shall not genius, as in his “ Lieder.” There are several a remarkable double quartet (four male and four be der nor rain these years.” Had Mendelssohn such in “ Elijah.” In the pauses of the duet, which female voices) follows with the words : “ For He composed expressly for an American audience, is in A minor, and forming a sort of background shall give his angels charge," &c. The very simwho never begin to settle down into the listening to it, is constantly heard the burden an old plicity, together with the animated movement of state until they hear the human voice,—we might Jewish Chant,) alternately of the entire female | this, requiring perfect precision and blending of have suspected him of an innocent maneuvre and of the entire male chorus, in unison, on the the eight distinct parts, makes it difficult to conhere, to procure silence and a hearing for the words“ Lord, bow thine ear to our prayer.” The vey its beauty in a performance. Again the overture. In this overture, there is a sort of sul effect is as poetic as it is original. At first it was | angel warns him to “ Zarephath,” to the " widow len, smothered, choking energy, fretting against the popular complaint of the short harvest; then, woman"; and the homely images of the “ barrel chains self-forged; an obdurate wilfulness seems in the recitative, it was the children hungering of meal” and the “cruise of oil” do not “ fail," depicted,-a desperate impulse continually trying at home; now it is youthful loveliness and beau or fall in any wise short of dignity and beauty in itself over again, only to find the same fatal lim- ty interceding as by special affinity with heaven; Mendelssohn's pure recitative, which quite tranitations; it is the mood of an unrepenting crimi- —remark this fine touch of the delicate and fem scends the usual common-place. nal in his cell. The music is all of very short inine side of the composer's genius !-had this We have now reached the first in the series of fibre, woven into the toughest, knottiest sort of duet been left out, it would hardly have been dramatic sketches, of which the body of the oratexture; full of movement, but no progress. Mendelssohn.
torio is mainly composed: the miracle of raising One or two little short starts of melody, constant So much in description of the drought. Now the widow's son. The sentiment of the marvelly repeated, are its themes; and, though these comes the appeal of Obadiah to the consciences lous is first raised by the accompaniments, which, are woven into a consistent and artistic whole, of the people,-a tenor recitative: “ Rend your confined chiefly to the violins and treble wood you hear nothing else from first to last. This is hearts," &c., followed by the exquisitely tender instruments, keep up a light tremolo, to a melody, in the appropriate key of D minor, and sheds the and consoling tenor song (Andante in E flat:) full of sad, sweet humility, (E minor, 6-8,) which right murky coloring over all that is to follow, “ If with all your hearts ye truly seek me." If introduces the lamentation of the woman over helping imagination to realize the state of Israel you compare it with Handel's “Comfort ye, my her son. The answer of the prophet, and his under Ahab. Drought and famine; life denied people," you have the whole difference of com prayer, “ Turn unto her," are in the major of the its outward sustenance; starved impulses, which, plexion between these two deeply religious na- key, in grave, four-fold measure. The return of getting no expansion, only murmur of them- tures. In that, it is the perfect sanguine buoy- the tremolo, in the still more mystical key of F
sharp major-swelling and di rinishing, raises this was in the confident key of E flat, major. form of the accompaniment, and the continual
lows could have been wrought into music with a tude of voices, is like the soft rustle of the bend This scene closes with two remarkable songs. more dramatic effect. The prophet denounces ing grass before successive breathings of the west First, a bass solo by Elijah: “ Is not his word Ahab; then the queen in the low tones of deepwind,-until the words: “ Through darkness like a fire, and like a hammer that breaketh the est excitement, in angry and emphatic sentences riseth light to the upright,” where the sopranos rock into pieces ?." Here the composer evidently of recitative, demands: “ llath he not prophecied shout forth a clarion call, climbing through the had in mind a similar great solo in Handel's against all Israel?” “ Iluth he not destroyed Baharmonic intervals of the fifth of the key as far Messiah.” Both song and accompaniment are al's prophets?” “ Hath he not closed the heavens ? " as its tenth, and closing with a cadence upon B, cast in the same iron mould, requiring a gigantic &c.; and to each question comes an ominous, which note the basses take for a starting point, voice to execute it. Indeed, it is almost too great brief choral response : “ We heard it with our and thence repeat nearly the same figure, ending to be sung, as some parts are too great to be ears," &c.; and finally the furious chorus: “ Woe in A, where it is taken up by the altos, and again acted. Next, the exquisite alto solo : * Woe unto to him, he shall perish,” in which the quick, short, echoed ere it is half out of their mouths by the them who forsake him!” which is again of the petulant notes of the orchestra seem to crackle tenors, until all come unitedly upon the words : “ Lierler ohne Worte" order, having that charac
and boil with rage. “ He is gracious, compassionate, righteous.” These teristic wild-flower beauty, so indescribable in the Yielding to Obadiall's friendly warning, the words are treated somewhat after the manner of, melodies of Mendelssohn.
prophet journeys to the wilderness; and here we " And his name shall be called Wonderful, Coun Finally, we have the coming of rain, prepared | have the tenderest and deepest portions of all sellor," &c., in Handel's sublime chorus, though in a dialogue between the people, the prophet
in a dialogue between the people, the prophet this music; here we approach Elijah in his solino such stupendous effects are here attempted. and the youth whom he sends forth to look tary communings and his sufferings; here we feel The original whispered melody flows in again toward the sea.” There is a gradual mellowing a more human interest and sympathy for the with mingled fragments of the second theme, and of the instruments, so that you seem almost to mighty man of miracle; we forget the terrible the chorus ends with echoing, retreating calls of snuff rain in the parched air. The responses of denouncer of God's enemies, and love his human “ Blessed !” while that rippling acrompaniment the youth, clear, trumpet-toned, in the major heart, all melting to the loveliness of justice, and floats sky-ward and is lost.
chori of C, as he declares: “ there is nothing,” | mourning over Israel's insane separation of herNow comes the appearance of Elijah before each time with the enhanced effect of the mellow, self from God, more than over his own trials. Ahab, and the second dramatic scene, the chal continuous high monotone from the orchestra, Follow him there! good guides stand ready to lenge of the priests of Baal. The several pro and finally announcing, amid the mysterious your imagination's bidding: first, the grand old posals of Elijah (in bold recitative) are echoed thrilling of the air with violin thirds,
words of the brief and simple IIebrew narrative; in choral bursts from the people, " Then we shall cloud no bigger than a man's hand ;” then the then the befitting and congenial music of this modsee whose God is the Lord,” &c. The invocation "blackening the heavens with clouds and with ern descendant of the Hebrews, this artist son of of the priests of Baal is very effective musically, wind ;” and then the loud rushing of the storm, Mendel. Listen to that grand, deep song
which however fruitless for their purpose, and the music are wrought up to an admirable climax, and the he has put here into the mouth of Elijah : “ It is of it is in striking contrast with the severe and chorus breaks forth, like a perfect flood of joy, enough, O Lord; now take away my life, for. I spiritual tone of the rest of the Oratorio. Noisy, refreshing and reviving all things: “ Thanks be am no better than my fathers," &c. What resigimpetuous, full of accent and of animal life, it 10 God! He laveth the thirsty land. The waters nation! His great soul, bowed to that unselfish befits the worshippers of natural things; and it gather : they rush along ; they are lifting their sadness, gives you a nobler, more colossal image commences in the key of nature, or F major. voices! The stormy billows are high ; their fury than the fallen Saturn in the “ Hyperion" of First, it is in 4-4 time, a double chorus, with a is mighty ; but the Lord is above them and Keats. The grave and measured movement of sort of bacchanalian energy : Baal, we cry to Almighty!”. This Rain-chorus, (which is in E the orchestra marks well his weary, thoughtful, thee ;” then sets in an Allegro 3-4 movement, flat major), is in perfect contrast with that Fire- heavy steps. But his soul summons a new enerwith arpeggio accompaniment in thirds, in single chorus. The music itself is as welcome as show gy, the smouldering music blazes up, as he rechorus, basses and altos in unison crying : “ Hear ers after long drought; as tears of joy and recon members: “1 have been very jealous for the us, Baal! hear, mighty God," and sopranos and ciliation after years of barren, obstinate self-will Lord.” tenors in unison more earnestly following: " Baal, and coldness; as the revisiting of inspired Follow him! Fatigue brings sleep, and sleep O answer us; let thy flames fall and extirpate the thoughts to the dry, dull, jailed, unsuggestive brings angel voices. Let that sweet tenor recitafoe," &c. In vain ; no help for them! In long brain ;-and that not the less because all the tive interpret his wanderings and his whereabouts, loud cadences, (the minor third so loved by Men music which precedes is rich and various. The and the angelic voices interpret the heaven in delssohn), with hopeless pauses between, their voices seem to launch themselves along rejoicing, his heart. “ Under a juniper tree in the wilder“ Hear us !” floats away upon the empty air. like the copious billows of a torrent, while the
Mark the, quaint simplicity of the The prophet taunts them: “ Call him louder.” instruments, by a well-chosen figure, imitate the words, and how heartily the musical vein in Again they raise their cry, this time in F sharp sound of dripping streams. You feel the chang Mendelssohn adapts itself to such child's narraminor, in hurried 4-4 time, the full force of the ing temperature of the air in some of those mod tive. And now hear, as the composer heard, the orchestra reiterating quick, short, angry notes, ulations. What a gusto, what a sense of coolness heavenly voices floating down. It is a scene alas if they were all instruments of percussion, and in some of those flat sevenths in the bass ! there most as beautiful as that portrayed in Handel's trying restless and discordant modulations, as the are certain chords there which we would call music for the nativity of the Messiah. First a voices with agonized impatience repeat: “ Now barometrical or atmospheric, if the extravagance Trio, (female voices*), without accompaniments; arise ; wherefore slumber?" Again the prophet of fancy might be allowed to keep pace with the “ Lift thine eyes to the mountains," pure and taunts, and again they call on Baal, still in the fullness of delight in listening to this translation chaste as starlight; then the lovely chorus (for same wild key, but with the most furious presto into tones of one of the inexhaustible phenomena all four parts) : “ Ile watching over Israel, slummovement, in 6-8, ending as before in fruitless of nature.
bers not, nor sleeps.” If the Trio was like heaven cadences: “ Hear and ansuer," succeeded by The Second Part has for its subject matter the descending, this is like the peacefulness of earth unbroken pauses. reaction of the popular sentiment against Elijah, encompassed with heaven ; it has a gentle,
soothIt is now Elijah's turn. In a solemn Adagio at the instigation of the queen, his sojourn in the ing, pastoral character, like “ There were shepair, expressive of sublimest faith and feeling of wilderness, and his translation to heaven. This herds watching their flocks by night.”
The the Right, and even with a tenderness which you is prefaced by a song of warning to Israel:
universal bosom seems to heave with the serene cannot help contrasting afterwards with his ruth “ Hear ye, Israel," for a soprano voice, in B mi feeling of protection, and the heart to throb most less slaughter of his defeated rivals, he offers up nor, 3-8 time:--one of those quaint little wild joyously, most gently, with the equal and continhis prayer to the “ God of Abraham, Isaac and flowers of melody again, which seem to have uous rise and fall of those softly modulated tripIsrael." This is followed by a short and simple dropped so often from another planet at the feet * In Friday's performance this Trio will be sung, quartet: “ Cast thy burden upon the Lord.” All of Mendelssohn. The short-breathed, syncopated and with peculiar effect, by boys.
lets in the accompaniments. Voice after voice fection itself to those who want nothing deeper ; and the firmament, from the waters which were above the breathes out the melody; and what unspeakable it can never be otherwise than agreeable to those who firmament," all the phenomena of the air, the blast, tenderness in the new theme which the tenors do. Its charm is infallible as far as it goes.
the thunder, the soft rain, the bearing hail, the flaky introduce: “ Shouldst thou, walking in grief, lan
What we next remark is its sunny, healthful, snow, are described in so many little passages of guish, He will quicken thee.”
cheerful character. It is the liappy warbling of the symphony, and after each the voice supplies the Again follow him!
bird building its nest. It is not the deepest of music.; Forty days and forty
interpretation. Then bursts forth the choral hymn: but it is welcome to every one as the inorning carol nights : so sings the angel (alto recitative); and
“ Again the eternal vaults resound the praise of God, of the lark It has not the tragic pathos of Mozart and of the second day." In like manner another song again the noble recitative of the prophet, " wrest
and Bellini; nor the yearvings and unconiainable describes the separation of land and water, the rolling ling with the Lord in prayer;" " Oh, Lord, I have rhapsodies of Beethoven. But it is good for the and heaving of ocean, the emerging of mountain labored in vain; .... that I nou might die !" decp-minded sometimes to leave brooding and Pro tops, the rivers winding through wide plains, the This is relieved by the profoundly beautiful alto ulating, and for the sentimental to flee the close air purling brooks. And another, the flight or song song, in the natural key, four-fold measure: “ () of their sad sympathies, and rising with the lark (whichever is most characteristic) of the birds, the rest in the Lord;" and he resumes: “ Night some bright, cool morning, go forth and become all mounting eagle, the lark, the cooing of the doves, falleth round me, () Lord! Be thou not for
sensation, and enjoy the world like a child. Such a the song of the nightingale; another, the roar of the from me; my soul is thirsting for Thee, as a
morning walk is an emblein of Haydn. The world lion, the leap of the tiger, the contented browsing of
is fresh and glittering with dew, and there is no time thirsty land ;" which last suggestion the instru
the cattle, the sporting of the great leviathan. All but morning, no season but spring to the feelings | this is so exquisitely executed, and presents such a ments accompany with a reminiscence from that
which answer to his music. He delivers us from variety of beautiful novelties, even without regard to first chorus, descriptive of the drought: “ The ourselves into the hands of Nature, and restores us the meaning intended to be conveyed, that we almost harvest now is over," &c.
to that fresh sense of things we had before we bad forget that it is treason against the true spirit of the And now he stands upon the mount, and “ Be thought too long. He sings always one tune, let art, and a playing of tricks with music. hold! God, the Lord passed by!!” We are too him vary it as he will, namely, the worth and beauty We cannot enter into all the beautiful details of weary with fruitless attempts to convey a notion of the moment, the charm of reality, the admirable this great work; nor shall we speak particularly of of the different portions of this oratorio by words,
fitness and harmony of things. Not what the soul the surpassing sweetness and melody of its songs; to undertake the same thing with this most de
aspires after, but what it finds, he celebrates; not nor its joyous choruses, which are wonderful in their scriptive and effective chorus. One cannot but
our insatiable capacities, bật our present wealth. way, but without the grandeur, or the simplicity, or
Surprise and gratitude and lively appreciation for remark the multitude of subjects which the story
the progress of those of Handel; the chorus which ever new beauties and blessings-a mild and health closes the first part—" The heavens are telling," being of Elijah offers for every variety of musical
ful exhilaration-just the state of his own Adam decidedly greater than any which follow. But the effects. The orchestra preludes the coming of and Eve in Paradise ! *
truth is, the chorus does not bring out the genius of the “ mighty wind.” Voices, accompanied in Is not his great work, then, the true exponent of Haydn. The orchestra and the symphony are his loud high unison, proclaim: “ The Lord passed his genius? Was he not the very man to compose sphere; and it is as an orchestral, "descriptive work, by!” the storm swells up amid the voices, wave the music of the “ Creation;" to carry us back to and not as an oratorio in the high religious sense, on wave, with brief fury and subsides, and again
the morning of the world, and recount the wonders that we are most interested in the “Creation.” the voices in whispered harmony pronounce:
which surround us, with a childlike spirit ? Is it pot How far music may imitate or describe outward " yet the Lord was not in the tempest.” The same
his art to brighten up the faded miracle of common nature, is a question which must always be left open. order of treatment is repeated with regard to the
things; to bathe our wearied senses, and restore the That sounds do suggest scenes is unquestionable.
fevered nerve of sight for us, so that we may see It is natural when hearing an orchestra, to think of " earthquake," and with regard to the "fire."
things fresh and wonderful, and a "new-created the harmony of colors. Some sounds in nature are All this is in E minor; the key opens into the
world” may rise amid the “despairing and cursing” actually musical, like the notes of birds, and the fall major, into the moist, mild, spring-like atmos of the falling evil spirits that confuse and blind us, of water. All sounds in nature make music, when phere of E major, and the voices in a very low, (to horrow a thought from one of the first choruses)? heard at a sufficient distance to allow them to besweet chorus, in long notes, whisper the coming The Creation " consists of three parts, taking for come well blended. Thus motion is one of the essenof the “still, small voice," while the liquid, strok its text the Mosaic account. In the first part is de tial elements of music; we speak of a rushing, gliding divisions of the accompaniment seem "smooth scribed the emerging of order from chaos; the crea ing, falling, rolling passage of music. Add to this ing the raven down of darkness till it smiles." tion of light; the separation of the firmament, of all the associations with feelings and states of mind The Seraphim are heard in double chorus, chant
sea and land; the springing up of vegetation, and which the qualities of different instruments possess,
the setting of the sun and moon and stars; and ends and it is evident what an orchestra can do in this way. ing: “ Holy, holy," &c., marked by sublime sim
with the magnificent chorus : "The heavens are tel. plicity. One more recitative from the prophet:
If it is not allowable to describe outward objects by ling."
music, it is often necessary to bring up outward * 1 go on my way in the strength of the Lord," The second part contains the creation of animated objects in order to describe music. with the air: “ For the mountain shall depart," nature; the animals, and lastly Man; and ends with A piece of music never suggests the same precise during which the instruments tread on with state the more elaborate chorus: “Achieved is the glorious train of thought to any two hearers. It only awakens ly, solid steps, in notes of uniform length, in 4-4 work.”
the same feelings, wins them to its mood. If then, measure;-and we have the marvellously de The third part represents Adam and Eve in Par. incidentally, all these little descriptive means concur scriptive, awe-inspiring chorus which describes adise, admiring each other, and the beautiful world to confirm the associations which naturally arise with his ascent to heaven in the fiery chariot. There around, and praising the Creator; and ending with every feeling, it is well. But to aim first to paint a is no mistaking the sound of the swift revolving
the still more elaborate and rapturous fugue : “ The picture, or to tell a story, is to leave the true and fiery wheels, suggested by the accompaniment. Lord is greut."
glorious function of the art, to make it do what it
The characters in the iwo first parts are three Another beautiful tenor song: “ Then shall the
was never meant to do, and excite the same kind of angels, Raphael, Uriel and Gabriel, (bass, tenor and admiration which a mountebank would by walking righteous shine," and a fit conclusion to the whole
soprano). After the symphony or overture, which on his head. Literal description of objects is not the is made by two grand choruses, foreshadowing represents chaos and the elements struggling to province of music. Music has all the vagueness of the consummation of all prophecy in the God disengage themselves, one part after another rising a the feelings of which it is the natural language; but Man, just leaving off where Handel's “ Messiah," little way and falling back into confusion, till finally through an appeal to the feelings may suggest more the oratorio of oratorios, began. The first : “ Be the ethereal flutes and the more soaring instruments than words can tell. hold, my servant, and mine elect," has much of the escape into air, and the dark sounds are precipitated, Thus, when we are told that Haydn, in composing grandeur, but not the simplicity of Handel. It
and everything sounds like preparation, the discord a symphony, always had some little history or picture is separated from the last by an exquisite quar
almost resolved an angel recites the words: “In in his mind, we must not suppose that we are to look tet: « Come, every one that thirsteth,” which is
the beginning God created," &c., but “darkness was for such a story or picture in it, when we hear it; but
To represent the “Spirit wholly in the vein of Mendelssohn.
upon the face of the deep." And the
only that he wrote it under the influence of such of God,” now, "moving upon the face of the waters," a emotions as the imagining the story would inspire. whole closes with a solid, massive fugue, in the
soft, spray-like chorus of voices steals in ; and after It is only, however, in some few details that the grand old style: “Lord, our Creator, how excel the command, “ Lel there be light," the instruments “Creation” is liable to the objection of too literal lent thy name !"
are unmuted and all the discords are resolved into imitation. We can pardon some few freaks and
the full chord of the natural key, and “the audience injurious conceits, when they are so exquisitely done. II. Haydn and his “Creation.” is lost in the effulgence of the harmony.” To re But in its whole style and spirit the “Creation” is an
present light by loudness, some may think a poorde. expression of feelings, an expression of childlike Haydn is remarkable for the perfection of style ; vice. But music does not seek to represent the light, wonder and joy and gratitude and love. It expresses for neatness and clegance in all the details, happy but the surprise produced by its sudden appearance. the exhilaration of calm, creative activity. It arrangement, and perfect ease and clearness in the What greater shock could be given to all our senses, refreshes the mind to that degree that all sounds exposition of his ideas. He is the Addison of music, than the sudden admission of light into total dark become music to it. In inspires us with all the only a great deal more. He is the most genial, ness? Then Uriel, (angel of light), in a descriptive grateful sensations of morning and spring. And we popular, least strange of all composers. All those song, developes the idea, shows us the flight of the go away from it feeling the same gratitude for it that who enjoy clear writing, who love to see everything spirits of darkness, and in a subterranean chorus we we do for nature. accomplished within the limits of graceful certainty, hear their mingling, falling voices, wildly modulated feel as safe with Haydn as the scholar with his by the depth they traverse, on the words: “DespairCicero and Virgil. We say of him, " that is music," ing, cursing rage attends their fall ;” and in a fresher, HANDEL wore an enormous white wig, and when in the sense in which we say "that's English." brighter key the first day is celebrated, and "a new things went well at the Oratorio, it had a certain nod Whatever thought he had, (and he had many), it created world appears ut God's command." The same or vibration, which manifested his pleasure or satiscame out whole and clear, it suffered nothing in the order is pursued with each of the other days. First,
faction. Without it, nice observers were certain that statement. He understood the natures of instru the angel recites the words from Scripture; then in
he was out of humor.-Dr. Burney. ments so well, that they blended as unobtrusively in a song describes the phenomena; and then a chorus his symphonies as individuals in the best-bred com
HANDEL's general look was somewhat heavy and celebrates the new day.
sour; but when he did smile, it was his sire the sun, pany. “Haydn's music is easily understood. It Throughout the whole the instrumental parts are
bursting out of a black cloud. There was a sudden keeps the mind awake, like lively, easy conversation ; principal-the voice but gives the interpretation.
flash of intelligence, wit, and good humor, beaming but does not task the brain, does not excite any Thus after the angel has recited : “And God made in his countenance,' which I hardly ever saw in any longing which it cannot satisfy. Hence it is per- | the firmament, and divided the waters which were under 1 other.-Ibid.