Pagina-afbeeldingen
PDF
ePub

Teacher of the Piano and singing,

FIRST PREMIUM PIANO-FORTES. Novello's Cheap MUSIC. | Important to conductors, Masters

and Leaders of Bands.

(Imported from England) CHICKERING & SONS | 389, Broadway, N.Y. BOOSEY & SONS, Have received the following awards for their exhibition of

• OF LONDON, PIANO F OR T IS NOVELLO'S COLLECTIONS OF GLEES, REG to announce that they will forward, postage-free, to any

D part of the United States a complete Catalogue of the conAt the Fairs of 1856:

tents of their celebrated

Musical Journals for Military Band, Stringed
Novello's Glee-Hive.

Band, and Brass Band.
FROM THE

A Collection of Popular GLEES and MADRIGALS, in Vocal Score,

with ad. lib. Accompaniment for Piano-forte. Complete These three works have been in course of publication many Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association in 3 vols. Handsomely bound in cloth, gilt lettering. years, and now comprise the most extensive repertoire of

Price $2 each volume.

STANDARD & MODERN OPERAS, MARCHES,
FOR THE
These volumes contain eighty-three of the best Glées and

QUICK-STEPS, DANCES, &c.,
BEST: GRANDS, SEMI-GRANDS, and Madrigals by standard ancient and modern English composers.

Arranged by C. Boosé, (Band Master Fusilier Guards,) and Among them will be found some of the finest Glees of Attwood,

other eminent Professors. A number of each Journal is pubPARLOR GRANDS, Calcott, the Earl of Mornington, Spofforth, Stevens, Webbe,

lished every month. "For most decided and meritorious Improvements," &c. Each Glee and Madrigal is printed separately, at prices

There are now published 120 numbers of the Military Jourvarying from 4 to 12 cents each.

pal, (for a reed band,) price 15. each ; 60 numbers of the THE GOLD MEDAL

Novello's Part Song-Book.

Brass Band Journal, price 78. each ; and 70 numbers of the

Orchestral Journal, (for stringed band,) price 58. each. The In One Volume, handsomely bound in cloth, with illuminated

Orchestral Journal consists of Dance music only. FOR THE BEST SQUARE PIANOS, lettering. Price, $2.

An allowance of one third off the marked price is given to THE SILVER MEDAL.

This work consists of new Glees and Part Songs, by the best the profession and trade. All orders must be accompanied

modern composers-among others, Bishop, Benedict, Macfar with a remittance payable to
FOR THE BEST PIANO-FORTE CASES,
ren, Rimbault, Wesley, &c.,- with reprints of some of the best

BOOSEY & SONS, Music PUBLISHERS,
Madrigals by ancient composers, and Part-Songs by eminent
THE SILVER MEDAL.
German composers, set to English poetry. Each Glee and

24 and 28 HOLLES ST., LONDON, (ENG.) Part-Song printed separately, at from 4 cents to 13 cents each. FOR THE BEST PIANO-FORTE HARDWARE,

Vocal parts to the whole work, 25 cents each part; Vocal parts
to separate Glees, &c., 8 cents per set.

SIGNOR AUGUSTO BENDELARI
BRONZE MEDAL.

Orpheus:

Gives Instruction in Singing. FOR THE BEST SPECIMEN OF JIG-SAWING, A Collection of Glees and Vocal Quartettes, by the most ad

Residence No. 86 Pinckney Street. mired German Composers, with English Poetry. BRONZE MEDAL.

This collection is principally for male voices, Twenty-nine books, each containing about six Glees, in separate vocal parts, ADOLPH KIELBLOCK,

with separate Piano-forte accompaniment, have been published, FROM THE

and the issue is continued-the new books being received by

J. A. Novello immediately on their publication in London.-
American Institute, New York,
Price 88 cents each book.

U. S. HOTEL.
FOR THE

The Musical Times,
BEST GRAND PIANO, AND SINGING-CLASS CIRCULAR, Piano-Forte Instruction.
THE GOLD MEDAL.
PUBLISHED (IN LONDON) ON THE FIRST OP EVERY MONTA.

MLLE. GABRIELLE DE LAMOTTE,
Containing Anthems, Chorals and Hymns, or Glees, Madrigals
and Elegies, for One, Two, Three, Four, or more Voices.

RESIDENCE, 55 HANCOCK STREET.
FROM THE

Price 3 cents each.
Pennsylvania State Agricultural Society,
A Monthly Journal, containing original articles by EDWARD

G. ANDRÉ & Co.,
HOLMES, Author of the “Life of Mozart," &c.; Short notices
THE HIGHEST PREMIUM,

of Singing-Classes, Concerts, &c. ; Advertisements of new and Dépôt of Foreign and American Music,

important Musical Works; and, in addition, three or four A SILVER MEDAL.

306 CHESTNUT STREET, PHILADELPHIA,
pages of Music. The alternate numbers contain music with
secular or sacred words. Price 3 cents each, or post-free, 4 Agents of J. André, Offenbach, Publisher of the complete Edi-
cents. Nos. 1 to 11 Tols I and II), bound in cloth, with tions / Beethoven's, Olementi's, liaydu sabi Mozart's works.

Index, $1,75; Nos. 49 10 96, (Vols. II and IV), bound in cloch,
ALSO,

with Index, $1,75; Nos. 96 to 144, (Vols. V and VI), bound in

cloth, with Index, $1,75. At the Illinois State Fair,

Either Vols. 3, 4, 5 or 6, may be

WILLIAM A. JOHNSON, had separately, in paper covers, 75 cents each. Annual subTHE HIGHEST PREMIUM, scription to the Musical Times, 50 cents, post-paid.

ORGAN BUILDER, A SILVER MEDAL.

J. A. NOVELLO,

WESTFIELD, MASS.
Sacred Music Store, No. 389 Broadway, New York,

And at 69 Dean street, Soho Square, and 24 Poultry, London. WILLIAM SCHULTZE, This House was established in 1828, by JONAS CHICKER

MIVES Instruction on the VIOLIN, the PIANO-FORTE, ING, and up to the present time has furnished 19,000 HALLET, DAVIS & CO. G and in the THEORY OF MUSIC. Address at his resiPIANOS. For the exhibition of these Pianos in the United

dence, No. 1 Winter Place, or at the Music Stores. States and in England, they have been awarded

MANUFACTURERS OF

Grand, Parlor Grand,
Eleven Gold Medals,

HI E W S '
and Square

PATENT AMERICAN ACTION Seventeen Silver Medals,

PIANO-FORTE, Four Bronze Medals.

Manufactory, 379 Washington Street,

BOSTON, MASS.

WITH THEIR
WAB EROOMS,
PATENT SUSPENSION BRIDGE AND GRAND ACTION.

J. TRENKLE, . MASONIC TEMPLE, 409 Washington Street, Boston, TEACHER OF THE PIANO-FORTE, TREMONT STREET,

(Near Boylston Market.)

Residence No. 56 Kneeland Street.
BOSTON.
New Collection of Catholic Music.

C. BREUSING,
JAMES W. VOSE'S

The undersigned have recently published

IMPORTER OF FOREIGN MUSIO,
PREMIUM PIANO-FORTES.
THE MEMORARE,

701 BROADWAY, NEW YORK,
A Collection of Catholic Music, containing Six Masses, a short
A SILVER PRIZE MEDAL

Dépôt of Erard's Grand Pianos.
Requiem Mass, Vespers, and a variety of Miscellaneous Pieces,
Was awarded for these Pianos at the last Great Exhibition in suitable for Morning and Evening Service, and for Family or

CIRCULATING MUSICAL LIBRARY.
Boston, in competition with the best makers in the country, Private Devotion, with Accompaniments for Organ or Piano-
for their fine musical tone and perfect action. Also,

Forte. By ANTHONY WERNER, Organist and Director of the a Constantly on hand a complete assortment of American
A BRONZE MEDAL,
Choir of the Cathedral of the Holy Cross, Boston.

Publications.
For the superiority and beauty of the exterior. Every instru-

The "Memorare" is published in one large quarto volume ment purchased from this establishment will be warranted to

of 272 pages, durably bound, and sold at the low price of $2,50 give full and perfect satisfaction. per copy, or $24 per dozen. Copies will be forwarded by mail,

J. H. HIDLEY, Warerooms 335 Washington St., corner West St., post-paid, on receipt of the price,

PUBLISHER OF MUSIC.

Oliver Ditson & Co., 115 Washington St.
BOSTON.

And Dealer in Musical Merchandise,
WILLIAM GOOCH,
J. C. D. PARKER,

544 BROADWAY, ALBANY.
TEACHER OF MUSIC,
Instructor of the Piano-Forte, Organ & Harmony,

TERMS OF ADVERTISING. AT JAMES W. VOSE'S, No. 335 WASHINGTON STREET.

3 HAYWARD PLACE.

First insertion, per line....

...........10 cts.

Each subsequent insertion, per line............5 cts. S. B. BALL,

OTTO DRESEL

For one column, (126 lines) first insertion......$12.00

do each subsequent. ... $6 00 TEACHER OF MUSIC, Gives Instruction on the PIANO, and may be addressed at

Special notices (leaded), each insertion, per line 20 cts. Richardson's Musical Exchange. Teris, 850 per quarter of 24

Payments required in advance : for yearly advertisements, Rooms at Rev. A. A. Miner's Church. ... School Street, Boston. lessons, two a week; $80 per quarter of 12 lessons, one a week.

quarterly in advance. mm

EDWARD L. BALCH
EDWARD L BALCH.

MUSIC AND JOB PRINTING OFFICE. No. 21 SCHOOL STREET.

[graphic]

1 Paper of Art and Literature.

WHOLE No. 265.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, MAY 2, 1857.

VOL. XI. No. 5.

Dwight's Journal of Music, constantly in Vienna, partly in the city

itself,

Providence, R. I.

1 C. BREUSING,

1 G ANDRE & CO.

W. F. COLBURN,
« HOLBROOK & LONG,

Cleveland, O.

Translated for this Journal.

2. Das Teufelslustschloss, (Devil's Pleasure
partly in the country, where the finest influences Castle). These two little operas are by Kotzebue.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY. inspired his fruitful genius. His life was in no 3. Claudine von Villa Bella, in three acts. By
TERMS: By Mail, $2 per annum, in advance. way eventful, and so he could devote himself in Goethe.
• When left by Carrier, $2,50

perfect quiet to his art. Unhappily, and all too 4. Die Freunde von Salamanca, (the Friends
SINGLE COPIES. SIX CENTS.

early his labors were forever interrupted; for a of Salamanca,) in two acts. By Meyerhofer.

fever snatched him from the world on the 19th 5. Don Fernand. One act.
J. S. DWIGHT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.

of November, 1828, at the age of two and thirty 6. Der vierjährige Posten, musical farce in one
EDWARD L. BALCH, PRINTER.
years.

act. By Körner.
D OFFICE, No. 21 School Street, Boston. His death was felt most painfully not only by 7. Die Zwillinge, (the Twins), performed for

his friends, but by every one in Germany who the first time at the court theatre on the 14th of
SUBSCRIPTIONS RECEIVED

took an interest in Art. A great number of June, 1820.
At the OFFICE OF PUBLICATION....21 School St. Boston.
By RUSSELL & RICHARDSON, 291 Wash'n St.

artists and lovers of Art accompanied him to the 8. Die Zauberharfe, (the magic harp), melo-
CLAPP & CORY,..

last resting place; solemn masses for the dead drama with choruses and songs, three acts. Vien-
701 Broadway, New York.
" SCHARFENBERG & LUIS, 769 Broadway,

were performed in honor of him in Vienna and na, 19th August, 1820.
" GEORGE DUTTON, JR.

Rorbester. NY. 806 Chestnut St. Philadelphia.

some other large cities. His career, though short, 9. Alphons und Estrella, grand heroic-romantic
" JOHN H. MELLOR,

Pittsburg, Pa.
« MILLER & BEACHÁM...191 Baltimore St Baltimore.
was rich in distinguished works.

opera, three acts. Composed 1822.
1 W. D. ZOGBAUM & CO.,...

Savannah, Ga. Schubert was endowed with such powerful cre 10. Rosamunde, Drama with choruses, three
Cincinnati, O.

ative faculty, that he could write down the most acts. Performed Dec. 20, 1823.
sterling compositions with inconceivable rapidity. 11. Die Verschworenen, (the conspirators),

While still a child he wrote many Quatuors, sev. comic opera in one act. By Castelli, (1824.)
Franz Schubert.

eral Symphonies and other productions; but his 12. Fierabras, grand opera in three acts,(1824.) Franz SCHUBERT was bor on the 31st of greatest satisfaétion consis.ci in sriting to music Besides these, he left unfinished: Die BürgJanuary, 1797, in one of the suburbs of Vienna, little pieces by the most famous poets, and in com schafi, the Adrastes of Meyerhofer, and the where his father lived as a schoolmaster. At the posing ballads; in this department he surpassed Sakončala of Naumann. Moreover he composed age of seven years he received his first instruct- | nearly all his predecessors. In his melodies we two numbers for Herold's La Clochette, which ion in music from Michael Holzer, cantor in the meet the following peculiarities in rare perfect was produced at the court theatre. Of all his parish church of the neighboring village; he ion : first of all, great originality; then deep lyrical works, Schubert regarded Alphons und recognized the fine gifts of the boy, and procured | poetic feeling, surprising truth in expression, novel Estrella and Fierabras as the most successful, his admission into the Imperial school. Schubert rhythm, delicate apprehension of the allusions and the best adapted for performance. If the was thén, (1808), eleven years old, and received of the poet, fiery force of imagination, subdued greater part of them never appeared upon the at once the title of a court singer. Then he be however by a certain tendency to melancholy stage, it must be ascribed to the decided talent of came solo singer in the imperial chapel, and took and by a sort of religious unction; graceful and the composer, which on the one side excited the lessons on the piano and the violin. His simple turns, careless elegance of modulation, envy and jealousy of artists, and on the other progress was so rapid that, at the orchestra re and an inexhaustible novelty of accompaniment. was not understood by the mass of the great pubhearsals, where he played first violin, he used to

The character of Schubert's music is for the lic. conduct in the absence of the director.

most part impetuous, excited; his style warm, Schubert possessed a quiet, frank and upright The imperial court organist, Ruzicka, gave richly colored, full of motion. It is a fiery soul, character. him good lessons in general bass, and afterwards which seeks its joy in surrounding objects, but Full of inspired enthusiasm for his art, he the imperial Kapellmeister, the famous SALIERI, which, not satisfied by these, turns of its own never ceased to be a tender son, a faithful friend instructed him in composition. Finally he owed,

accord to heaven. It moves to be sure in the and a respectful pupil. He was fond of bright, as he himself confessed, the completion of his finite, but always the infinite gleams through. merry, open-hearted company, and loved to talk musical education to the finest and most admired Schubert set more than three hundred ballads, with his friends, over a glass of beer, of music, master-works of Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven. (little poenis), to music, and prepared a great poetry and Art. Then he warmed up, and he Yet he never gave up his own habits of severe multitude of waltzes, marches, airs with varia had but to read a poem over once, to improvise a study, and even in the last months of his life he tions, sonatas, fantasias, rondos, overtures, trios music to it, and to compose wonderful melodies. still applied himself diligently to counterpoint and other two and four-band pieces for the piano, Some maintain that addiction to strong drink under the direction of his friend, the court organ

with or without accompaniment; besides many was not entirely guiltless in the matter of his ist Simon S......After he had spent five years in

concerted pieces, psalms, choruses, cantatas, death. With child-like naiveté, he united a the imperial school, his voice changed, and as his among which his Prometheus deserves especial great partiality for solitary hours; then he would calling for musical science grew more and more mention; many Quartets, an Octet and three fly to the country to indulge his melancholy revpronounced, he left this preparatory school in the grand Symphonies.* For the Church he wrote eries, and return a cheerful man again. If he year 1813, and devoted himself entirely to comseveral Masses, among which three great ones, had money, he hastened to get rid of it, and

either position. From this time he lived in the pater- several offertories, graduals, and two Stabats.

gave it to the poor or spent it in the jovial nal house, and afterwards alone, supporting himThe following is a list of his Operas and musical

company of friends. self by giving lessons and the sale of his works. farces:

Quite conscious of his talent, and praised imWith the exception of a few excursions to Hun 1. Der Spiegelritter, (Knight of the Mirror.) moderately by some enthusiasts, he was never gary, Styria and upper Austria, he remained Some say he has left twelve Symphonies.

proud or vain, and had so little appetite for

1

[ocr errors]

praise, that he frequently concealed himself when everybody wanted to have his creations, and pub famous as teacher of Aesthetics and as a great a new work of his appeared. If it happened lishers fought for his manuscripts.

lover of music, selected Schilling from among

the that he worked upon the same subject with other Such was Schubert. Prepared with all the number of teachers in Göttingen for his daughter. artists, he was sure to be the last who brought his sacraments of the Church, he died in Christian Such a life as a student and as a practical and work out. Some of his friends, touched by his resignation. His life was indeed short, but it was theoretical musician, is a thing altogether undisinterestedness and carelessness about himself, well spent, and long will his name be named in known in any country except Germany. Just conceived the idea of publishing twelve of his future times. His mortal remains rest by the think of one of our Harvard students giving works, without his coöperation, but for his advant side of Beethoven, in whom lie reverenced the music lessons, leading concerts, and yet being a age; Schubert, when he learned this, gave at last highest ideal of musical Art.

good student withal. There is no student so dilihis consent, and from this time the fame of his crea

gent and industrious, all over the world, as the tions grew at such a rate, that from February,

For Dwight's Journal of Music.

diligent German student. And with all his 1812, to about the end of 1828, when he died), a

Dr. Gustavus Schilling.

musical activity, he was a good scholar, and hundred of his compositions were brought out by Mr. DWIGHT :- It is only a few weeks since scarcely had he finished his course of theological different publishers. Reserved and modest when your correspondent heard of the arrival of Dr. studies, when he was made second preacher, his own works were spoken of, he judged the Gustavus Schilling in New York. The intention (then a young man of 23 years of age), to the works of others with the greatest impartiality. of the gentleman is to stay in this country, and university. The way in which he lost his posiHe always paid the deepest reverence to the clas to open a school of music similar to those exist tion may not be uninteresting to Americans. One sical music of the great masters, old and new, ing on the continent of Europe, and known as Whitsuntide, 1829, he took the liberty to select and did full justice to Rossini's talent.

Conservatories. It may be known to you or per his own text, wherefrom to preach; for which Schubert was a member of the great Music haps some of your readers, that he was the prin offence he was called to defend himself before Society of the Austrian States; the musical cipal of a musical institute at Stuttgart, Wurtem the highest ecclesiastical tribunal of the kingdom. societies of Grätz and Insbruck made him an berg, which was frequented by ninety or one Preferring his independence, he abdicated, and honorary member. Such distinctions fattered hundred pupils annually, not only children “of soon removed to Stuttgart, where he began a life him much; his answer was the composition of the first families” of the land, but also pupils of didactic and literary musical activity, such as several important works for those societies. from distant cities and countries. In 1845, after seldom has been witnessed. His avowed princiAmong the men who very early recognized his his work on Musical Didactics had appeared and

ple and object has always been to popularize talent and encouraged it, must first of all be been translated into English, Dutch and French, musical knowledge among the masses, to give the named the court singer, Vogl, who by his delivery he opened, in addition to his institute for musical ordinary musician the means of adding to his of Schubert's melodies, alike contributed to their students, an academy for teachers, at the same musical mechanical ability and theoretic knowfavorable reception, and stimulated him to write place, in Stuttgart). This academy was fre- ledge. His numerous works on musical theory more. The applause of Salieri and his friend quented by Germans from all parts of the coun and the science of teaching, (some seventy or Anselm Hutten-Brenner, excited him still more, try, by students from France, England, Holland; eighty volumes in all), carry out each one of so that he bravely overcome the obstacles that and the name and fame which Mr. Schilling en them this same idea. Every musician knows his loomed before him in the beginning of his career. joyed as a teacher, was fully sustained by the suc greatest work, the only authentic and complete His efforts were richly rewarded by the laudatory cess of this “teachers' normal institute."

musical Lexicon, in seven large quarto volumes. recognitions of many other eminent persons, It cannot be my intention to enter minutely Fétis made very extensive use of this book in a among whom I may mention the celebrated JEAN into biography of Dr. Schilling. But a few similar work. His numerous works are circulated Paul, who always thought of Schubert with facts, illustrative of German life, may not be un in many large editions all over Europe, and have great admiration.

When the poet was deprived interesting to you. The only son of a schoolmas. done and are doing a great deal for the instructof sight, Schubert's ballads afforded him great ter, in a place in Hanover, called Schwiegers ion of music-loving people, who would otherwise comfort, and when death knocked at his door at hausen, it was the fond hope of the father to have have been unable to procure a musical education. last, he wanted to hear once more his favorite hım become a preacher. Thus he instructed him One peculiarity about the man is his ability ballad. Such distinguished recognition must of or had him taught in the classical languages, at and good luck everywhere to surround himself course have made the artist indifferent to many the same time teaching him to play on all the with the musical strength of the place where he small attacks that were directed against him. instruments used in the orchestra, and on the lives. And a musician richly gifted, deeply read

Much has been said of the peculiar talent of piano. The boy profited from instruction and and thorough bred as he is, he, if anybody, would Schubert, which enabled him with the greatest such practice; and when he entered the gymna be able to try successfully the experiment, and ease to master and compose in strange forms. sium, (high school), at Clausthal, and afterwards see if America has yet musical interest enough He had written two pieces for Herold's Clochette, that at Osterode, both in the Hartz mountains, to sustain a first-class music school, such as he and an aria for one of Auber's operas; at the he became the centre of the dilettanti of those

proposes to open in Boston. performance the German artists could not distinc places, among the students and inhabitants. And although your correspondent has his humguish what belonged to the French musician and Although the director of the gymnasium wished ble doubts about the point, (if there be musical what had been interpolated by their countryman. to check his musical tendencies, and took occa interest enough in America), yet he has a great His Masses, in point of religious feeling and of sion quite frequently to vent his wrath against deal of confidence in Dr. Schilling's attractive deep devotion, were placed by connoisseurs above the boy, thundering down from his seat: “ I do powers, and the liveliest wish for his success. the Masses of Cherubini; and, without having intend to educate you for thorough philologists And as a Bostonian, (if only by adoption), he heard them, one can readily believe this, who has and theologians, but not for musicians," it was feels considerable interest in the Doctor's beginacquired only a general acquaintance with Schu of no avail. The boy would give concerts and ning his work here in Boston. Will Boston, will bert's music. For the same reason one must would have regular musical evenings with his New England maintain him?

S. greatly lament that his dramatic works have been friends for practice, under him as leader. so much neglected; for Schubert, endowed with At fourteen or fifteen years of age, he had as

English Cathedral Music. so much melody and with such searching express much to do as he could find time for in giving (From the Remarks read by A. W. Traser at the Concert of ion, must necessarily have furnished masterpieces music lessons. In his seventeeth year he gradu

the Boston Choristers' School, April 15 )

(Conclusion.) for the stage. Let us hope that this portion of ated at the gymnasium and went to Göttingen to his works too, is destined to a brilliant revival; study Theology. Here and in Halle, where he

It would be useless to speculate upon the place but above all, let us not forget that he, in spite studied for a few years, he likewise became the

which England might have held in musical history, of his mild and gentle character, was yet an ob centre of the musical talent among the students,

had nothing occurred to interrupt the progress ject of great envy with a crowd of artists. One and soon academical concerts, quartet clubs,

making in the era of Shakspeare. But the weak,

irresolute, vain and false Stuarts ascended the throne envied his fullness of melody, another his express- singing societies, sprang up under his direction.

of Elizabeth, and the stern spirit which she had reion, and a third his new and original harmonic Even oratorios he ventured to bring out, in which

strained with her strong arm, was but aroused and combinations; all acknowledged in him only a he was aided by the city musicians. Here he strengthened by the folly of her successors. The certain cleverness. At the moment of his death was again in the full tide of success as a teacher Puritans gained the ascendancy. In 1643 the total was he first recognized as a great artist; then of music, especially after Professor Wendt, suppression of Catholic music was determined upon.

1

Cathedral

isting

In 1644 a new form of divine worship was ordained Dr. Aldrich, Dean of Christ Church, Oxford, was Pablic Taste, gave way in his full strength to the by the House of Lords, allowing no music but psalm a remarkable instance of an amateur musician. | lesser lights, Bellini, Meyerbeer, Donizetti, so Han. singing. Organs were 10 be removed from the While distinguishing himself as a scholar, critic, the del found his opera house deserted by those whom, churches, as well as the altars and all “vain orna- | ologian and architect, both as a man of fine judg. for a whole generation, he had charmed, and who ments.” The choral books were to be destroyed, ment and sound taste, in art, science and literature, now turned from him, to men whose names are now and in shori every step was to be taken to reduce he became so skillful and profound a musician, that forgotten. Unlike Rossini, Handel sought a new the beautiful English church to the bare plainness of his compositions for the church equal in number and field. He had become English in his feelings, and the conventicle and meeting house.

excellence those of the greatest masters of his time. his pride and self-respect determined him to conquer The parliamentary armies, drawn in great measure He died in 1710.

again the place in public esteem which he had so from the ignorant and bigoted lower classes, were

* * * *

long held. He turned from his Italian operatic texts not slow in carrying out the views of the houses. Henry Purcell, a great composer and worthy pre and drew his inspiration from the English scriptures. Two companies, quartered in Westminster Abbey, decessor of Handel, was born in 1658, and educated The splendid old Cathedral service gave him the tore the organs to pieces, and pawned the metallic in the royal chapel, where he remained until his voice hint for a style which should, in sacred Oratorio, gain pipes at the ale-houses. At Exeter, the soldiery s broke, when being now 18 years of age, he was ap him the triumphs he had so long achieved in the tramped the streets, making hidcous noises with the pointed organist at the Westminster Abbey. He has opera house. pipes of the cathedral organs, and jeering some of by general consent, both as composer of opera songs For an hundred and seventy-five years the English the choras boys whom they met: "Boys, we have and sacred music, the first rank among English mu. language had been sung in the church, and during spoiled your trade; you must go and sing hot pud- sicians. His works are in quantity prodigious, in all this time its musical capacity had been gradually dings and pies." So at Chichester, they dashed the quality most excellent. Like Mozart, he died at the developing from the confined scale of the Gregorian organs to pieces with pole axes, and utterly ruined | age of 37. * * * * * * * chant, as we have seen, to the freedom of movement the fine instruments in the cathedral at Peterbor John Travers, who died in 1758, was, like Rogers, and the depths of feeling, which have been shown ough.

a boy of St. George's Chapel, Windsor, and subse. you in this concert. Here and there an organ, secretly removed from quently of St. Paul's, London, becoming successively Handel was familiar with all the resources of the the churches, was protected from their fury, and the

organist at St. Paul's, Covent Garden and of the then existing Italian and German music, secular and books of the service saved from destruction. But King's Chapel. His early compositions are very sacred. But he was now to trust himself to the sixteen years passed away before music could again ornate and brilliant, abounding in fugue and imita. native taste of a public with whom these would not raise her head, and during so long a space of time tion. In later years he followed the school of N. be sufficient. The true old English Cathedral spirit the old musicians dropped away one after another, Pepusch and, says Burney, “confined his studies was the key to the hearts of the people. He saw this, and the traditions of the boy choirs were in great solely to the correct, dry and fanciless style of that and his “Messiah," his “Samson," his “Judas Maccameasure lost. Where, in the chapel of some stout master.” The“ Te Deum” by him, now to be sung, beus,” his “ Israel in Egypi" are not only monuments cavalier, who adhered still to his king and his

is one of the most difficult as well as pleasing of more enduring than brass to his fame, but testimochurch, the Episcopal service still lingered, the musi

nies of the splendor and musical excellence of a cian, in the words of Milton :

of the modern school render it strikingly in contrast school of music, of which many of you have this “Tuned his harp to notes of wo,"

to the severe style of Tallis. * * * * evening, probably for the first time, had opportunity and we can easily imagine how often in secret the William Boyce, Dr. of Music, ranks at the head of to gain some clear idea. So far as my reading ex. 7th Psalm which follows, would be chanted in sad. the English Cathedral composers of the last century. tends, Handel's indebtedness to the English school of ness and tears, to cadences which should give utter He was born in 1710, and became very early one of Cathedral music, is now for the first time publicly ance to the feelings of the heart.

the boys of St. Paul's Cathedral, receiving his musi asserted; but I fear no contradiction from any one, With the restoration of monarchy, in 1660, came cal education from Dr. Greene. At the age of 24 he who will pore over the music Italian, German, also that of the church and its choral music. To was elected organist at St. Michael's Church in French and English of his age. For no such stuplace the music of the cathedral open its old footing London, and organist and composer of the King's dent can fail to see that a new element entered into at once, was not possible. A feil old musicians Chapel. In his musical amutents he had already bis oratorios, and that this element was English. were drawn from their places of retrear, but so many | surpassed his famous master, Dr. Greene, and soon The Cathedral services were written for choirs of years of want of study and practice would necessa became known throughout England, even while boys and men, and sung as you have heard this rily tell upon their powers. Choirs were to be form Handel still lived, for his compositions, operatic, for evening. Handel wrote for mixed choirs, and this ed anew, and men with falsetto voices had to be the concert-room and for the church. “Dr. Boyce,” | gave him room for greater freedom of treatment. sought out to supply the place of boys. Organs says Burney, " with all due reverence for the abili. Still the spirit is there. were wanting, and Smith and Harris were invited ties of Handel, was one of the few of our church over from the continent to establish themselves as composers who neither pillaged nor servilely imita

Beethoven's Last Sonata3-Miss Arabella organ-builders, as the art had been lost in England. ted him. There is an original and sterling mcrit in

Goddard. The old music had in so great a measure been de his productions, founded as much on the study of

(From the London Times, March 11.) stroyed, that many inferior hands were called upon our own old masters, as on the best models of other

All who are acquainted with the biography of to furnish new compositions. In short, for some centuries, that gives to all his works a peculiar

the author of Fidelio must be aware that among years all sorts of mack-shifts were necessarily resort. | stamp and character of his own, for strength, clcar

his many contributions to the repertory of the ed to, to sustain the service.

ness and facility, without any mixture of style or pianoforte-which, besides elevating the character It is true that Tallis and Byrd were regarded as the extraneous or heterogeneous ornament.” He died of the instrument, and placing it in a position standards; but their severe style, based upon the old in 1779.

only second to that which by unanimous consent Gregorian music, was not to the mind of such a During the period when Boyce was in his prime,

belongs to the orchestra, have extorted the prince as Charles II., and thus the influence of the it was quite the mode for organists to introduce into

unbounded admiration of musicians—there are

some few pieces so far beyond the grasp of common court was thrown into the scale in favor of a new their voluntaries light, frivolous and popular airs,

intelligence and common manual dexterity as to style, and one borrowing more largely from the played upon the trumpet, fifteenth, flute and other

have exposed them to very general, if not entire, secular music of the day.

fancy stops. : Dr. Boyce took a decided stand against neglect. We allude to the solo sonatas produced With the lapse of time, the evils which beset the the practice, rarely using himself any other than the by Beethoven at a period of his career, when restoration of music gradually were removed, and Diapasons, and performing only music of a dignity having long abandoned playing, he gave the reins again a noble school worthy of the church arose. and solemnity suited to a place of worship. Do we

to his imagination and forgot to study the conSeveral of the boys of Charles' Chapel possessed not need a few Dr. Boyce's in our own churches ?

venience of executants. Under these circum

stances he wrote a series of compositions which, true musical genius, and there are anthems and ser His publications are very voluminous and of acknow

though considered by himself superior to whatever vices still in usc composed by those boys, at the ages | ledged excellence. His anthems, of which the name

had preceded them (as experience has shown, of fourteen or fifteen.

is Legion, are mostly long and dificult, and require with reason) were, for very many years after his The music of the Second Cathedral School appeals skillful singers.

death, not only avoided by the most expert and perhaps more directly to our feelings and possesses Boyce was one, who not only as a musician, but practised players, but condemned by critics of more of melody. But that it causes the hearer to as a man of noblest character, added lustre to the

standing and authority, as rhapsodical in form and feel himself in the divine presence, separate and English school of cathedral music of the last century.

mechanically impracticable. The departure of

the great musician, however, from the scene of apart from the every-day concourse of secular lise, * * * *

A few words in relation to the second part of this as do the works of Tallis and his contemporaries,

his earthly labors was followed by a sudden and

vast increase of renown. As in the instance of may be doubted. concert, and my task will be done.

Mozart, it was found easier to apotheosize him Of the new school, we may specify Wise, King, Handel came to London in 1702.

after death than to minister to his necessities while Clarke, Aldrich, Croft, Blow, Rogers, Jeffries, Pnr. For 25 years he was the Rossini of his era. As living. By quick degrees the fame of Beethoven cell and Boyce.

| Rossini, under the influence of the fickle goddess, I reached a pinnacle to which, perhaps, the most ardent dreams of his youth and manhood had | Op. 110, in A flat. Each of these sonatas is a The first piece was a waltz of Labitzky, arranged scarcely ever aspired Germany christened him | veritable poem; and the fact of their not offering for a piano and violin, and very well played, “ Tone-poet," and enthroned him king of her a point of resemblance to each other, or to any although not heretofore recognized as a sacred harmonious children. At length it became a grave thing of Beethoven that preceded them, only composition. Next came a comic song by the question whether anything Beethoven had written tends to establish (if proof were wanting) the fact funny man, in which he relates that he had been ought to remain unheard; and, one by one, those of his almost inexhaustible invention. Those out upon a sleighing party and had been pitched works that, except by rare and zealous partisans, acquainted with Miss Goddard's talent, and who into a snow bank, with his tural-lural-lural-loo. had been altogether overlooked, were brought to have heard her play the Ops. 101 and 106 (for This was so droll that the law against applause light, and at once started in the race for popularity she has performed every one of Beethoven's last was by general consent abrogated, and there was with their more familiar and accommodating r and accommodating sonatas in public) will easily believe that her

sonatas in public) will easily believe that her | an immense thumping of beer pots upon the table. predecessors. The Ninth Symphony, the Second execution of these remarkable compositions was | More waltzes by Strauss--more comic songs by Mass, and the Posthumous Quartets for stringed worthy of the music (more cannot be said) and the funny man-orders pouring in fast and furiinstruments began to engross the attention of the excited the utmost enthusiasm. The one intro ous for “two lagers," " one brandy and water," world, and were speedily classed so high that the duced last night-in A flat, Op. 110-difficult as "one London gin,"—the stunted youth flushed earlier works of Beethoven incurred, in their it is, taxes the feeling and sensibility, even more with his exertions to supply the tipple, and the turn, the chance of being underestimated by than the manual dexterity of the performer. little girl quite wearied, the poor Hebe of the comparison. Time, nevertheless, has reduced Miss Goddard, however, is as thorough a mistress cellar 1-so the “ Free Sacred Concert” goes on. everything to its proper level, and the last of expression as of execution, and her reading of I soon had enough of it, and walked home to my compositions of Beethoven are now rated at their this wonderful sonata was such as must have pipe and Mrs. Potter. just value, without prejudice to those genial | amply satisfied the most fastidious of connoisseurs. inspirations that belong to the middle and in Beauties, indeed, unobserved before, may be said respect of absolute invention) perhaps the most to have been disclosed, especially in the last

PERGOLESI. fertile epoch of his career. Unlike Mozart and movements, where the alternation of pathetic

By W. W. CALDWELL.* Mendelssohn, Beethoven lived long enough to adagio with complex and intricate fugue seems to scatter all the riches of his genius, and thus to indicate a poetical intention on the part of Beet

Now at last, his work he endeth, fulfill the mission with which he was intrusted. hoven to suggest in fitting music the consolation

And the pious Master sendeth, He died precisely when the mine was well-nigh which a true love and earnest pursuit of Art are

Grateful thanks to Heaven's throne; being exhausted-as Bach, and Handel, and calculated to afford under circumstances of the ut

Then break forth in glorious pealing, Haydn had done before him. The last of the most despondency. The whole performance was

Through the temple's lofty ceiling, Posthumous Quartets, we think, sufficiently proves rewarded by applause of the heartiest and most

Holy hymn and organ tone! that the melodic invention of Beethoven was on genuine description. Beethoven's design had the wane; and (though it may possibly seem to been rendered plain and intelligible; and the

Stabat mater dolorosa argue a lack of reverence towards one who, in poetical thought which guided him in the composi

Juxta crucem lacrymosa, his particular manner, was the greatest and most tion of his sonata had been thoroughly appreciated.

Dum pendebat filius, original of all musicians) we are somewhat inclined

Cujus animam gementem, to doubt whether his colossal reputation would

Contristatam ac dolentem have been materially augmented by the 10th | “Sacred” Concerts.—Mr. “ Paul Potter,"

Pertransivit giadius. symphony, with its interininable plan, or the the witty and delightful New York correspondent

And the virgin mother's anguish projected music to Goethe's Faust.

of the Courier, relates the following among his Makes each heart with sorrow languish, The pianoforte sonatas, from Op. 101 to Op. 111, were composed in the brightest period of

While the organ louder swells, adventures of a Sunday evening: their author's maturity. True, they are occasion Still bent upon research, I pushed on. The

Till in music's heavenly tide, ally instinct with a restlessness, a feverish caprice, sun was almost down, and the gas-lamps were be

Grief itself is satisfied, a defiance of accepted standards, and a sombre- ginning to shine. I came to the proud temple in

And the tear of pity wells. ness of character, which plainly manifest that which “ Buckley's Serenaders " nightly discourse

Quis est homo, qui non fleret, Beethoven-whose immediate tone of mind was Ethiopian music. Their posters were out, an

Christi matrem si videret almost invariably reflected in his music-was not nouncing a “ Sacred Concert," and hoping that

In tanto supplicio ? exactly on the best terms with the world when he the serious and respectable public in that quarter

Quis non posset contristari, produced them. But this, from a certain point of of the town would rally to the support of a reli

Piam matrem contemplari view, endows the last sonatas with an interest gious entertainment, I cast my eye curiously

Dolentem cum filio? apart, and heightens the attraction derived from down to the programme, and found the music setheir striking individuality and beauty. At all lected from those eminently cathedral composi

Holy fear and earnest longing events, they cannot fail to be ranked, by compe tions, “ The Czar and the Carpenter," “ William

O'er the Master's soul come thronging, tent judges, with the most extraordinary of Beet- Tell," and " The Barber of Seville.” The only

Preluding that death is nigh; hoven's instrumental compositions; and the art is extract of a religious cast was a song from Haydn's

Then with faith ecstatic burning, no little indebted to that necessarily small number “ Creation.” Whether or not respectability wish

See him to the altar turning, of pianists who have devoted themselves with faith, ed to sustain this new form of worship, I am not

To the Virgin thronéd high. and perseverance to conquer the mechanical informed; but Mr. Potter declined to disburse difficulties they present, and to rescue them from his quarter.

Virgo virginum præclara, what would otherwise be their inevitable fate-of Wandering again down Broadway, I came to

Mihi jam non sis amara, contributing to the exclusive delight and instruc- | a spot where two great flaring lamps and a flood

Fac me tecum plangere, tion of students. In England, although the of light coming from the subterranean recess,

Fac ut portem Christi mortem opportunities of hearing the last sonatas well like the beams of a rising sun, illuminated a pla

Passionis ego sortem executed are rare, they have probably been more card, which announced " A Free Sacred Con

Et plagas recolere. frequent of recent years than in countries which cert.” This was quite in accordance with the lay claim (justly or unjustly) to a more refined state of my finances, and I descended. The Hark! seraphic voices singing, musical taste. MM. Charles Hallé and Alexandre apartment was long and low, but very well light

From the heavenly regions bringing Billet (both classical performers of the highest ed. The floor was filled with little tables, after

Wondrous music down to men; rank) have played more than one of them in the usual fashion. Upon one side was the glit

Holy spirits earthward fly, public; and it must be owned that their laudable tering bar, behind which, in a small cave of beer Bear the Master's soul on high, ambition has never gone unrewarded. But the barrels, with a galaxy of glasses and decanters

And the song ascends again. pianist who has most often braved the ordeal of overhead, was seated the plump, respectable matproving to attentive listeners that the late sonatas ron of the establishment. At one end a small

Fac me cruce custodiri, were not the offspring of a period when the stage was erected, with a faint attempt at scenery,

Morte Christi præmuniri, master was barren, but, on the contrary, wealthiest The company began to drop in-old soakers of

Confoveri gratia ; in ideas, and that, in the midst of their striking the Costigan class, beardless boys with the money

Quando corpus morietur, originality, they are as clear in design and as from their masters' tills in their pockets, two or

Fac ut animæ donetur symmetrically developed as any of his earlier three decent German women, and one or two

Paridisi gloria. pianoforte works, is Miss Arabella Goddard-the philosophers, like myself. Two staring placards youngest, though by no means the least eminently | met my view. The first was, “ Gentlemen are distinguished virtuosa of the present day. Four requested not to applaud on Sunday evening,"

Maria Spezia. years ago Miss Goddard won her first laurels by and the second, “ Gentlemen who frequent this

Mlle. Maria Spezia is at present known to the à masterly performance of the most elaborate and establishment are expected to patronize the bar.”

English public by the rumors which her beauty difficult of all-Op. 106, in B flat. Since then The first mandate I was in no danger of disreshe has played that, and others of the same family,

and talent have created at Milan. After a garding, the second I obeyed by ordering a flagon on several occasions; and last night she concluded

triumphant season at the Imperial Theatre of La of lager beer, which proved to be excellent. A a series of concerts at which the last sonatas of

Cannobiana, her services were secured for the pretty little innocent looking girl, and a short, Beethoven have been the prominent features. stubby, sucking Boniface of a boy, ran about re

stage of La Scala during the visit of the Emperor At the first there was Op. 109, in E; at the ceiving our orders. When we were all primed,

Poems, original and translated, by William W. Caldwell: second, Op. 111, in C minor; and at the third,' a bell tinkled and the devotions commenced. | Boston and Cambridge, James Munroe & Co. 1857.

« VorigeDoorgaan »